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THE SUNDAY OREGON! AN, PORTLAND, OCTOBER 27, 1907.
A MiMVJ MA r M AY MM
Who Has a Record
i ',vr i:'..-...-''-"'wssi!5s-.
t if 4
Of -tG-A GX OA6E-CABS, AT THE XEAR OF AASH
TUWR'S TRAINING- SSTABLSHMENT AT MAISQNS-LAFFfTTE.
VJS TURNER. AMERICAN
f - " - " x- 'f
1. ..s, lf
TOCACY COSTUC1E. AFTR WVNV6- A RAC
AOZf MICHEL EPHRUSSt, THE PARIS
&ANXER, WITH WHQAt H5 IS TALKING
BT DEXTER MARSHALL.
THE head and front of the "American
Influence in racing" on this side of
the water this year 1s to be found
In the little suburban town of Malsons
Laffitte, not more than half an hour's
ride from Paris, on the Railroad of the
West. For it Is there that four or five
of the seven or eight Americans who
have become most prominent, training
French racehorses for a living and aa a
career, make their headquarters.
H. Eugene Leigh, from Kentucky, busi
est trainer and most conspicuous expo
nent of American methods in France,
cornea first on the list by reason of his
achievements. "Wallace Davis, from New
York, whose establishment also is at
Maiaons-Laffltte, has been training
horses for the French tracks a little
longer than Leigh and stands very high,
yet Leigh outclasses him in number of
horses trained as well as all the other
trainers, from the States. Nash Turner
and Henry Shields, both of whom came
to France aa Jockeys, are highly success
ful trainers. Turner in a fine establish
ment of his own, although not on such an
extensive scale as Leigh's, and Shields
for one of the Lazard brothers, big
French bankers. Archie Mclntyre is
training for Ed GilUs, the English owner.
William Bryan has a training stable of
his own, Dhuleep Singh, the Hindu
Prince, being one of his patrons. Johnny
Campbell trains for Gus Pfizer, the
American owner. All these American
trainers are at Malsons-LaXitte.
Adelbert Reiff, brother of Johnny Relff,
who went over from France to England
to win the British Derby with Orby for
Richard Croker. trains at Chantilly, and
so does Eddy Ross. ' Most of the Ameri
can trainers now in France went there to
ride horses, not to train them, and some
of them, like Turner and Shields, still
ride occasionally. But these five. Turner,
Deb Reiff, Archie Mclntyre, Ross and
Shields, have practically lived out of
their riding days and now are in the
trainers' class permanently.
It -is quite within bounds to say that
all the American trainers in France are
making money; possibly some of them
are not making as much, net, per annum,
and Vanderbilt is paying William Duke,
his salaried American trainer, but some
are making a good deal more, no .doubt.
And there is no reason why their earn
ings and profits shouldn't increase with
the years, since the racing authorises in
France, and the French race-going pub
lic as well, are convinced, firmly and
permanently, that there Is no way to
keep French racing at Its best, except' to
have the horses trained according to
American methods and, whenever pos
sible, by American trainers.
As a' matter of course, in such circum
stances, there are plenty of French
men who claim that their methods are
now as "American" as those of the
Americans themselves. Doubtless these
Frenchmen try to master the American
way. and will train all horses Intrusted
to them In faithful imitation of the
methods they have seen applied by Leigh
and others during the last few years.
Some say, however, that the Frenchmen
can't acquire the American method by
studying It or Imitating it, since its most
entia! principle is the treatment of
each horse according to Its own Indi
viduality, and, except in the large, so to
speak, not according to rule, but Leigh
says the French trainers are coming on
wonderfully well and that some of them
are doing great work.
Those who disagree with him argue that
the trainer, like the jockey. Is born, not
made, and that while the English Jockey
born to the business nine times in ten
may grasp the essence of American
methods, neither the French trainer nor
the French jockey, born and bred, is able
to do so; that, in fact, they might just
about as reasonably try to learn to fly.
Maleons-Faffltte has about 50 training
establishments within its borders, there
being many English as well as American
and French trainers. The town is domi
nated by racing and racing men entirely,
and its population Includes an unusually
large proportion of Britons and Ameri
cans. Not only is the English tongue spoken
as freely afl the French and perhaps
more so at the training quarters, but it
is to be heard all over the town, in the
cafes and wine shops, and on the streets,
particularly from the cab drivers; some
times pretty badly mangled, of course,
but still English. It is a "mixed H",
Anglican English, however, and not at all
American; tor, below the Jockey's grade,
American employes' In French racing are
about as scarce as In any other business
which Americans go into In France.
English and Anglo-American employes
are in the majority at all the training
quarters, however, the Anglo-French gen
erally being of pure English blood, though
often half-caste, as the children of Eng
lish Jockeys, or stable boys, born of
French wives, are termed at Malsona
Laffltte. Their English lacks the aspirate
altogether, and is one of the most curious
things in language to be found anywhere
In the world.
Leigh's Seven Hundred Victories.
Eugene Leigh, the best-known trainer
in France for more horses and more
winners at that have been prepared by
him for the track than by any other one
trainer, either American, English or
Frehch has a big series of stables at his
liaisons - Laffitte headquarters, with
stall capacity for 101 horses in training
and 30 more at his overflow stables
He has no track upon his grounds, as
Vanderbilt has, and there are no art
ties in his stables, as there are at Ed
mond Blanc's luxurious headqoarters at
St. Cloud, but there is plenty, of room on
his place for ordinary exercising, while
the track upon which to give the horses
the necessary gallops is nearby, and the
stables are fitted with every known con
trivance, sanitary and otherwise, for the
health and comfort of the horses. Some
of these filled the French with unbounded
astonishment when first put in, but today
they look with approval upon them all.
not excepting even the clever American
machines which will groom a horse as
wall and as thoroughly in a minute,
when skillfully handled, as a good stable
boy can In an hour's hard work.
All this tends to increase Leigh's popu
larity as a trainer, although, of course,
It Is the fact that so many of the horses
he has had charge of cut good figures
upon the track that keeps his training
stables full. His victories, won in four
years, numbered TOO in July. At one
time this year his two stables contained
120 horses in training. Between 70 and
80 of them have been winners in the
season of 1907.
In many ways French racing is con
ducted upon much different lines than
that. in the States. All the tracks are
run by what is practically a syndicate.
In connection with the'Soclety for Im
proving the Horse, under1 the auspices of
the Jockey Club, of which Baron Roths
child. Edmond Blanc and other prominent
French horseowners are members. The
Government gets 7 per cent of the profits
yielded by the betting. 4 per cent being
devoted to the maintenace of a dozen
I m 'iiiiiii i . -rz- i him I i v b.j. i;
or twenty stud tarms for the Improve
ment of all grades of French horses
"hacks," draft horses, hunters and car
riage horses, as well as race horses and
3 per cent to charity. The racetracks are
scattered all over France, but. naturally,
there are more of them In the vicinity of
Paris than anywhere else. The horses
are transported between places at some
distance apart by rail, as in America, but
between training quarters and nearby
tracks and from track to track in the
vicinity of Paris by horse vans.
The horse vans form practically a cab
serivce .for the equln aristocracy or
France, and the big. handsome horse car
riages, each of which costs about 11C00
and Is drawn by a heavy pair of fine
looking .horses, add to the vehicular
variety of the streets in Paris and the
roads In Its vicinity. Curiously enough,
although a few of these vans are oper
ated by Frenchmen, Leigh owns more of
them than all the other van owners put
together, his van business being about
as big as his training business. He has
forty vans at Malsons-Laf Btta and at St.
Dents twenty more: in the busy months
of the year he .has about ninety vans
The man in charge of his van service
here Is a wonderful British specimen
named Perln. In the course of hla serv
ices In France his English has taken on
many strange Gallic turns that would
make him a joy to any one with a liking
for the study of old human specimens
and spare time enough to Indulge his in
clination. At the height of the training
season. Including his own racers, horses
to be trained . and van horses, Leigh's
stables contain nearly 200 horses and em
ploy about 150 men and boys.
Leigh left the United States, where he
had been training his own horses and
those of others for some years, and went
to England in 1900. There he trained a
string of horses for Frank L. Gardner,
now a well-known member of the per
manent American colony in Paris. After
a year in England, Leigh went to France,
establishing himself first at Chantilly,
near its famous racetrack, but later re
moving his stables to their present quar
ters. It was quite natural that French own
ers should look somewhat askance upon
his methods at first. It was natural that
they should suspect him of "doping"
some of the supposed unpromising horses
which won under his training. It was
quite natural that big owners should hold
off for a little while before giving their
horses over to his care. At all events,
their attitude was anything but receptive
at the beginning, and Leigh had few
horses, save Gardner's, to train for some
But somehow the horses placed In bis
care soon began to make good, and grad
ually, on owner after another brought
horses to him. Gardner got out of rap
ing some time ago. but, as I have Indi
cated, Leigh's stables are now crowded
to their capacity. Year by year he has
added more stalls, and workmen are busy
this Fall making still further additions,
j His patrons this year include H. Rlgard,
J the Duchess of Feltre, Dr. Chapard.
Marino Clado, B. Chan. Bracasy and
others among French owners. Miles the
Englishman, and Martm. who is a Span
iard in spite of his English name.
The LelKh trained horses have not yet
won many of the great "flat" races, how
ever, although he trains for "flat" racing
as well as hurdle racing and steeple
chases: but they have won a very large
proportion of the two latter classes, as
well as many of tne minor "fiat" races.
Thus Chl-Lo-Sa. owned by Dr. Chapard
and trained at the" Leigh establishment
won the grand hurdle race of Paris this
year, the prize for which Is 50,000 francs.
This horse had been suffering so badly
from cracked heels in the Spring that few
thought him fit for racing, yet after
Leigh's treatment and training he was
able to come in first in one of the most
important of French racing events. .
Leigh has a few horses of his own, and
some of them have shown pretty good
form. He will continue to race moderate
ly in the future as he has raced in the
past, but he has no intention of estab
lishing a big stable and going in. to cap
ture the great priies of the French turf
with his own horses, at least not in the
Leigh's Career in America.
Eugene Leigh is 47. His boyhood was
passed In Illinois and he got into .racing
right-early in life.
"I was a jockey when only a little lad,"
he said at Malsons-Laffltte to the writer.
"That is, I rode horses on racetracks by
the time I was knee high to a grass
hopper, but I. had to serve a stiff appren
ticeship around the stables before I was
able to ride a race. I followed the horses
from one small track to another county
fair tracks, some of them In Illinois and
Michigan. 'Bushwhacking' we called it
then; and I 'bushwhacked' as far west as
Nebraska and as far south as Texts.
Those were the good old days of 'quarter
horses,' After a while I got a breeding
farm In Kentucky, near Lexington La
Belie, I called it and did quite a business.
Then I sold both farm and horsed, all
but some yearlings which I. kept in New
"One day I thougrht I'd come over to
this side of the water for a six weeks
vacation and to see the sights. I have
never been back. That is my story."
Letgh got his name well before the
entire French people not merely the
racing public, but all classes soon af
ter his arrival in France by the hu-
manitarian movement which he started,
EXERCISING THE HORSES AT EU&ENE LEI&H'J r?AVV6--QUARTERS
AT MAISONS -LAFFITTE
hi 9t Ijon
although he hadn't the slightest idea
of putting-himself to the front by the
course he pursued. But early in his
stay he noticed that the Jockeys on
the French trucks wore very long
! spurs, which they used too freely, us
' well as the whip. Tnere had been re
j form in the use of the whip and spur
: in America before this, and. as Leisrh
had observed the horses ran just as
well when not too severely spurred
y.nd whipped, while, beyond a doubt,
th comfort of the animals was in
creased greatly by the reform.
So In one way and another he set
about to introduce gentler treatment
of the French race norses, and today,
although spurs are still used, they are
well filed, and. do not cut and tear the
horses as of old, while the whip Is
wielded with much greater modera
tion than formerly. Three years ago
hla work was recognized by a gold
medal which he wears on his watch
guard and is about the only piece of
yellow metal that he ver displays. The
medal bears this Inscription.
': PRIX DU' CONSUL A MR. LEIGH :
: (Eugene), :
: 1904. :
: Societe Protectrlce Anlmaux a Paris. :
Eugene Leigh is a typical American
horseman, with ruddy cheeks, a stocky
but active figure and hair and mustache
that are getting gray. His home is
not far from his training- stables at
Malsons-Laffltte, but he visits Paris
nearly every day not. by train nor in
a horse-drawn rig, but in a motor car,
of course. He likes France and the
part he is playing In its racing- life,
but he's a ood American for all that.
He speaks French well enough to make
himself understood clearly, but with a
decided Illinois accent, and all his
"help" speak English, while his head
quarters In Paris are at a hotel where
English is as easy as French to most
of the employes. In one particular he
differs radically from nearly everybody
ne meets here he never drinks any
thing alcoholic, not even red wine.
He has helped a good many of the
American Jockeys to make places for
themselves in France. At one time and
another he has employed several ' of
those who are now very well known on
the French tracks.
Wallace Davis trains the race horses
owned by Eugene Fischoff, one of the
best known American owners on the
French turf. . and whose important
table is at Malsons-Laintte. Fischoff
is a big- factor in obstacle racing in
France, and last year his stick-Jumping
nags led all French horses of their
class. Davis trained Flying; Star, who
won the French Oaks in 1904. and
H(?EA. Z.EI&H, A AID CHI -LOS A ,
TRAINED FOR HIM. WINNER OF THE GRANO
HiRDLE HACE OF PARIS '
tile, who won the first race at
hamps this year. iVhlle they
have not won as many races as those
trained by Leigh, the Dayltr trained
horses have captured more important
events and this puts DaIs easily sec
ond among all tho American trainers
Nash- Turner has been so successful
as a trainer In France that his busi
ness has outgrown his original stables
and he has been obliged to build eth
ers. It will be remembered that he
won a goodly number of important
races for the late William C. Whitney
before going to France, and today he
would be one of the best riders on
either side of the water were it not for
Ills weight, which has been increasing1
for some limes, in spite of his efforts to
keep it down. Even at that, ho rode
and won several good races last year
and has not been an entirely unknown
quantity as a Jockey this year. One of
his most Important winnings this year
.was the Prix MacKenzle Grieves at
Malsons-Laffltte, on Merino a Inconnu,
trained by Davis.
Turner's main stables are beautiful
ly situated a mile or moVe from the
Malsons-Laffltte station and are
reached by a charming drive over tho
best of tree-shaded French roads. Both
Pavls' and Turner's training quarters
are handsomer than Leigh's, but that
is because the latter has occupied his
present place only a year and hasn't
had tune to make everything splck
and span as yet. Turner's most im
portant patrons are the Viscount Fon
tarce, H. Letlllier. R. Balll and T. P.
Thorn, the American.
Thorn, who Is a man of substantial
means, has been a figure on the French
turf for eight or ten years. One of his
horses Is called "Thoughtful Liar," a
name which makes the Frenchmen shake
their heads: a "crazy Americanism."
which they can neither appreciate nor
understand. Thorn likos a fast motor
car almost as well as he likes a good
horse, -and is known by his fellow ex
patriates from the great Republic of the
West as an all-round sport. He lives in
Paris, hut his automobile takes him to
Malsons-Laffltte almost daily when he Is
not at one or other of the big French
Henry Shield's work for Lazard, the big
banker, whose stables, which , contain
about 20 horses, are at Malsons-Laffltte,
has given him a reputation worth having.
He has been away from America, where
he was a jockey with a good record,
about four years. He rode in Russia a
year and then, coming to France, was
Leigh's Jockey for two years more. Then
the misfortune which sooner or later be
falls all jockeys befell him he became
too heavy and he had to enter the lists
as a trainer.
Malsons-Laffltte is the home also of
Johnny Campbell, who was well known in
the States 30 years ago in harness racing.
In the days when Maud 8. was cutting
down the tron.ns record every year
he was a popular driver, and at one time
was In partnership with Wolcott . and
Mayor Nolan, of Albany, men whose
names used to be familiar to all who
kept posted as to speedy owners and their
horses- Later .Campbell left the harness
racing field anj became a Jockey-owner,
riding his own horses. He left the States
four years ago and established himself
In France as a trainer of racehorses. At
first he trained for certain prominent
horse-winning members of the French
nobility, but now he is employed by
Augustus Pfizer, a New Englander orig
inally, who has a stable of 20 or 2S horses
and enjoys French life so well that he is
not likely soon to return to America.
The Reitf Boyg In Europe.
The success -of Adelbert Rein as trainer
at Chantilly for Michael Ephrussi. the
Greek banker In Paris, has been as
marked in Its way as that of his brother
John. "Deb Reift was a Jockey in the
States so long ago that he Is mostly
thought of as a trainer only nowadays,
but in his time he had quite a name as a
rider of fast races. He began to do good
work for Richard Croker after Enoch Wls
hard left him and returned to America.
trained the horses of a rich Russian who
is well known on the racetracks here. Ha
did So well with the Russian's horses that
he was offered more money to go to naiy
and take charge of Sir Roland's big
stable of horses. They scored go many
winnings that Ephrussi called Adelbert
back to- France. The quality of his train
ing is eviaencea Dy in, irequcncy wnn
which the names of his horses are seen
upon the winner's lists. Johnny Reiff
has not vet found his way into the train
er's ranks and doesn't expect to in the
There were four boys in the Relff fam
ily, three of whom have been prominent la
the racing world. Lester, the oldest, who
never has figured in French racing, was
ono of the pioneers in the introduction of
the American style of riding on the other
side of the water. It was Lester Reift
who won the Derby for Whitney on Vol
odyov'ski in 1901. The same year he lost
the St. Leger stakes by a head and
claimed a foul.' which was not allowed.
He -had-then been in England with his
brother Johnny three years, landing on
the other side in 1S98. In '99 and 1,900 Les
ter led all the English jockeys in win
nings and earnings, the latter being more
than H0.O00 a year. Sloane was then sec
ond, whjle Johnny, only 15, was third.
Lester Reift made a great reputation in
the States at Monmouth, where ho once
rode Queenie Trowbridge, against whom
the bettirfe odds were W0 to 1, to victory,
her backers winning lioo.ooo. One year
he had 143 winnings in 353 mounts. Tha
Relff boy are natives of Flndlay. Ohio,
and were taken to Europe by John Mc
Cafferty and Ii.noch' Wlshard, who trained
for Croker so many years. Lester was
warned oft the Newmarket Heath in 1901
and is now in the real estate business In
Johnny was only 16 or 16 when Lester
got Into trouble, but even then his fame
was growing. He went to France soon
after Lester returned to America, and, al
though once ruled off the tracks there,
was reinstated after awhile, having rid
den In America meantime, where French
Jockey Club rulings do not count He is
hardly likely to get Into trouble again,
since he seem: how to have learned th
ropes thoroughly. His marriage to th
daughter of Robert Denman, the Engllsn
trainer for Bdmond Blano at St. Cloud,
aroused no end of Interest both in and out
of racing circles. It was celebrated in
true French style, notwithstanding the
fact that neither bride nor bridegroom 1
of Gallia blood.
There was some talk that after n!
marriage Johnny Relff would ride only
the horses trained by his father-in-law.
but there was nothing In that. He will
probably retire permanently from the
French turf. If he is as lucky in Germany.-
where he has been engaged to rids
next year, as he has been in France. Ths
talk there la that his salary is to be.
2o.OOO. which is twice and a half what
he waa paid in France this year by
Maurice Caillaut. his employer. Last
year he got J15.000. but this year was cut
down one-third. Nevertheless, his total
earnings this year, say those who ought
to know will not be far from 340,000. Ho
received 13000 for winning the English
Derby, and has had many mounts from
other owners than Caillaut. Johnny It
saving- his money against a rainy spell,
and will be rich some day.
Eddy Ross has his own public training
stable at Chantilly and is doing very well.
His establishment is well known and his
customers Include several of the most
prominent French patrons of the tracks.
(Copyright. 1907. by Dexter Marshall.)
A ship abandoned on the bar,
K rock bound coast before her.
With roar and din the storm sweeps In.
Aud surglnc aeaa break o'er her.
Before the curtain of the rain
A thistledown comes whirling
And In tha air boba here and there '
Above tha waters swirling.
It ellncs an Instant to a shroud.
Then with the gale sweeps past it;
Seas cannot drown the thistledown.
The lightning cannot blast tu
And epeedlng onward toward tha rtore
It sailed the breakers ever
And made Ha way to land where lay '
A peaceful field of clover.
Meanwhile the vessel, piece by piece.
The waters settled under.
The ship of steel from truck to keal
By aeas Was rent asunder.
The thistledown on fertile eoll'
Its tiny seed left lying.
And the yearly yield of the thistle field
- Tells why the clover's dying.
The flounder la said to deposit 7,000,000.
00O eaaa in the course of a year.