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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 12
VOL- XXVI NO. 43.
PORTLAND, OliEGON, SUNDAY
MORNING, OCTOBER n20,
PRICE FIVE . CENTS.
OREGON 111 1907,
LAND OF PLENTY
Year Most Prosperous
in State's History.
BANKS FILLED WITH MONEY
Bumper Wheat Crop at 70
Cents Makes Farmers Rich.
RAILROADS ARE LACKING
Inadequate Transportation Facilities
Only Cause for Worry Abundant
Capital Assures Many Local
Improvements for the State.
eTETTLEHS POCR INTO OREGON.
Between September 1 end October
Id. this year, 8063 new settlers tak
ing advantage of the colonist rates. '
reached Oregon over the Harrlman
lines only. For the same period last
year this Immigration numbered
only 5(H4. This Increase of SOOB
amounts to almost 40 per cent over
that of a year ago. These figures .do
not Include the Immigration to the
state over the Great Northern.
Northern Pacific or Canadian Pacific
via Puget Sound points, of which
there Is no available record.
. 'With granaries and cellars filled to
overflowing with the products of the
field and orchard and with the largest
bank deposits per capita ever known in
the state, the prosperity of the producers
of Oregon this year can be measured only
by the transportation "facilities for de
livering their products to the markets of
the world. The year has witnessed a record-breaking
yield of all crops, with the
exception of hops, for which the season
was unfavorable Inis-crop- will not ex
ceed 100,000 bales and the market is not
promising, present quotations ranging
from 7 to 10 cents a pound.
With a yield of wheat, conservatively
. estimated at 20,000,000 bushels, for which
the producer has received, ' or will re
ceive, an average of 70 cents, net, per
bushel, the farmers of the state are fairly
rolling la wealth. This is the largest
yield of wheat and the best price that has
been realized for the crop in this state
In 20 years. The yield of oats and barley
was ai o heavy and for these cereals the
farmer .has averaged the satisfactory
price of 1 cent a pound.
Money Never So Plentiful.
With the enormous crops and prevailing
top prices for all products, Oregon is ex
periencing an era of prosperity rivaling,
If not surpassing, any other in the his
tory of the state. Money was never be
fore more plentiful, nor have greater pub
lic Improvements ever before been under
taken. Entrance to the state of ad
ditional transcontinental railroads, actual
and projected. Is In Itself abundant proof
of these prosperous conditions and the
confidence railroad builders have In the
future of the state as desirable territory
In which to operate. A network of elec
tric systems Is being constructed through
out Oregon to meet the demand for as-
FORTLAND'S BUILDING RECORD.
Further evidence of the remarkable
prasperlty of Portland Is found in the
record of permits that have been Is
sued tor buildings and Improvements.
Ear ths year 1908 these permits aggre
gated $8,82T,821, while the aggregate
ef these permits for 180T will be at
least T8 per cent greater. The ag
gregate of permits Issued to date ex
ceeds the total for last year.
slsttng to market the Increasing yield of
products that Is following the remark
able settlement and development.
Railroads Found Hostile.
The principal product of the state Is
lumber, which for the year will approxi
mate 3,000,000,000 feat, representing a rev
nue of $30,000,000, at the same time fur
a ...... . . . . - - - t i t i . . . . . . ..e . , . . , , . . . . , , . , s l . . . s t'
, , i ..........
. ; . ' . -
- . . '
nishing employment for 40,000 men. But
for the hostil- attitude of the railroads
In seeking to throttle this Industry, both
by Increasing freight charges and main
taining a car shortage, thereby reducing
the shipments from the state, the re
ceipts from this business would be larger.
Oregon's adaptability to dairying re
quires no better proof than the fact that
the receipts from dairy products for the
year 1907 will reach the remarkable sum'
of $18,000,000, or nearly double last year's.
An equal Increase is noted In the produc
tion of poultry, but there Is still room
for further expansion of this Industry.
Still Imports Eggs.
Notwithstanding that the production of
chickens, turkeys and geese has largely
Increased, there have been- shipped into
the state during the year nearly 100 car
loads of eggs to meet the demand. When
It Is considered that each of these cars
represented 'a value of $2800, It can be
seen that there still exists a good healthy
market for more of the home product.
As a fruitgrowing state Oregon Is
rapidly taking her place in the first rank.
W. K. Newell, president of the State
Board of Horticulture, In a recent report
estimated that this crop netted the or
chardlsts of the state this year the sum
of $4,275,135, and reports from every sec
tion of the state tell of an Increased
acreage devoted to fruit culture.
Famous for Its Wool.
Included among the other products for
which the state has a reputation are
wool and mohair. Of the former the
farmers this year marketed 19,000,000
pounds for which they received on an
average about 16 cents a pound, or a total
of $3,040,000. Not less than 600,000 pounds
of mohair were clipped, yielding the
stockmen, at 30 cents a pound, about
$150,000. The output both of wool and
mohair is Increasing annually.
There has never been a time in the his
tory of Portland when there were so
many railroads building in all directions
from this city. At every point. of the
compass new, steam, and electric lines
are reaching out Into new country, adding
Immensely to the wealth of this city by
furnishing transportation facilities to un
' Taps Coast Counties.
An instance of this Is the new Lytle
road,' now- building from Hlllsboro to
Tillamook and Nehalem. These rich sec
tions, long undeveloped, and Isolated from
the world because the only means of
communication has been by Irregular
steamers, will be brought Into close touch
with Portland by the new Lytle road. In
connection with the Southern Pacific's
West Side division. This road Is rapidly
building to the west of Portland to the
Facifle Ocean. '
On; the north and east, the new Port
land & Seattle Railway, a 'Hill line owned
jointly by the Great Northern and North
ern Pacific, Is now building Into Portland
OREGON BANK STATISTIC.
Report of State Bank Examiner
fit eel shows Individual deposits In the
National and state hanks of Oregon
aggregating $11,662,886. ' Estimating
the population of the state at 600,000,
this gives a deposit of $120 per capita.
During the last three years deposits
In the Portland banks have doubled.
from Pasco, affording a more direct line
to this city from the Hill transcontinental
lines and on easier grades. On the north
also the Harrlman Interests are about to
commence an extension of the Union Pa
cific system to the Puget Sound cities.
Bids for the Portland end of this road
will be let next month.
. New Line to East.
The Mount Hood Railway is active on
the east on a line from Portland to the
Cascade range and beyond to a final con
nection at Bait Lake City with the Moffat
road and the Rock Island system. Con
struction work on this project Is now
On the south, the Oregon Electric Rail
way la just being completed ' to Salem,
and will be opened for traffic before the
first of the year.- This line will be a
modern lnterurban road down the Wil
lamette Valley and will be pushed as far
south as Kugt-ne during the next few
Settlers Coining Here.
Attracted by .the many advantages
offered In Oregon, and which are being
so effectively exploited by the various
commercial bodies In every seotlon of the
state, the immigration of new settlers
Into the state this year is surpassing all
previous records. For the period from
September 1 to October 16, this year, the
'number of colonists reaching this state
over the Harrlman lines alone was 8053
as compared with 6044 for the same period
last year. This Is an increase in six
weeks of 3009 persons, or 40 per cent.
This estimate does not Include those who
came over the Great Northern, the North
ern Pacific or the Canadian Paaiflcl and
entered the state via Puget Sound points.
While these figures are not obtainable.
(Concluded on Page 9.)
MR. SEES -
E OF WHEAT
Visions of $2 a Bushel
No Longer Wild.
TKEY BRINGJOY TO FARMERS
But Consumers May Have to
Stop Eating Bread.
FOREIGNERS RUSH TO BUY
Decline, Due to Wall Street's Woes,
Causes Stampede, Which Sends
the Price TJp Again Exports
5,000,000 Bushels' Weekly.
CHICAGO. . Oct. 19. (Special.) For
years "dollar wheat'' has been the cry
of the farmer. "He has thought if this
could be realized he would be happy and
prosperous -and all would be well with the
country. Today the farmer is selling his
wheat for a dollar a bushel or more, and
It doesn't have to be very good wheat at
that to bring the long coveted price at
the barn door In North Dakota, Kansas
or Nebraska. The farmer hasn't as much
wheat to sell as In some previous years,
but he is getting a larger aggregate sum
for his crop than ever before. -
What About the Consumer? '
But this is only the bright side of the
picture. To the consumer the prospect
of dollar wheat is not so rosy. Looking
into the future a little, he can, by exer
cising his imagination but slightly, see
wheat at $1.50 or even $5, flour at $10 a
barrel and bread at 10 cents a loaf. And
he can see no relief by turning to other
cereals, for corn and oats, usually con
sidered feed for stock, are bringing al
most unheard of prices and the whole
world is scrambling for tne supply.
The seriousness of the situation from
th-eoiMiim:g. point of view, is shown
by the action of the Chicago market. Fri
day, owing to the stock market tangle In
New Tork and the resultant uncertainty,
the prices of wheat went down aboyt 2
cents a bushel. On this slight break from
the unusually high level, foreigners
rushed In and bought every bushel of
grain and barrel of flour offel-ed .for sale,
the export business being the largest ever
recorded for a single day. The result
was that wheat prices gained twice as
much here as they had lost the day be
fore. Foreigners Must Have Wheat.
The anxiety of the foreigners to buy
on every break shows that they must
have the wheat regardless of price. The
American crop this year, a little over
600,000.000 bushels, is said to be barely
Enough for home consumption, but for
two months of the present crop year
American wheat has been going to Eu
rope at the rate of 5,000,000 bushels a
FOUR-CENT ADVANCE IN WHEAT
New York Market Booms on Stam
pede of Shorts.
NEW TORK. Oct.' 19. There was
great excitement in the wheat market
today attending a jump of nearly 4
cents a bushel. Speculators for a de
cline, actuated by less favorable Ar
gentine news and a report that be
tween 200 and 300 carloads had been
sold for export, bought wheat to All
contracts to sell which they had made
previously. Continued drought in. Aus
tralia, and India also aided the ad
vance. LANDS IN WEST VIRGINIA
Army Balloon Completes Flight of
4 75 "Miles Safely. '
WASHINGTON, Oct. 19. The Army
balloon which started from St.
Louis Thursday evening landed at 1:30
o'clock yesterday afternoon about three
miles from Walton, in Roanoke County,
West Virginia, according to a .dispatch
received by the Signal Service today from
Captain Chandler, who is with the bal
NOTHING - BUT - TROUBLE ENJOYS A TETE-A-TETE WITH MR. M AN-WHO-RE ALLY
loon. ' The distance traveled was about
475 miles. The distance It had to beat
to win the Lahm cup was 430 -miles.
THINK TO BEAT ARMY AIRSHIP
Other Aeronauts - Not Daunted by
Record of Signal Corps.
ST. LOUIS. Mo., Oct. 19. The remark
able flight of Aeronauts J. C. McCoy and
Captain Chandler in the Army- Signal
Corps balloon No. 10, which broke the
record established by Lieutenant Lahm,
has set a standard for aeronauts who will
participate in the international balloon
contest, which begins here Monday. When
the news was received here today that
McCoy and Chandler had landed safely
after a flight of over 21 hours, in which
they covered a distance of approximately
475 miles, there was a general feeling of
relief and deep satisfaction in aeronautic
The record they established had appar
ently no dampening effect on the other
aeronauts who will strive for the Bennett
cup, and several have announced that
J Bishop H. C. Potter, of New Tork,
4 Who Shocks Richmond by En
tertaining Negro Bishop at Din
ner. they expect to exceed the distance trav
ersed. According to the officials of the
aeronautic contest, the contestants may
compete for only one prise, the James
Gordon Bennett cup, now held by Lieu
Mother Had No Fear for Son.
CLEVELAND. O., Oct. 19. Mrs. F. M.
Chandler, mother of Captain Charles
Chandler, has had no fears for the
Bafety of her son. ' s
"I fait sure that he would come baclt
to earth safely," she; said today. "A
soldier's life Is not one of, 3y.. .se
curity. His present workT 1 n my eyes
Is not more dangerous thnn.mo.it of
the duties a soldier finds it necessary
"I am expecting a telegram from
him at any time now. I know he will
let me know first of all, after fulfilling
his duties to the Army by reporting."
EAT DINNER WITH NEGRO
BISHOP POTTER AND HIS WIFE
Potter " Then Commits Southern
Bishop, to Same Course, but
He Hastily Retracts.
RICHMOND, Va.. Oct. 19.-Bishop and
Mrs.' 'Potter, of New t York, who have
leased a residence here during the general
convention of the American Episcopal
Church, last evening entertained at din
ner Bishop Ferguson, of Africa, the only
negro entitled to a seat in the house of
bishops at the convention, v
The dinner given in honor of an Afri
can bishop In the heart of the South has
been the occasion of considerable com
ment. " .
Bishop Potter, in an Interview today re
garding his entertainment of Bishop Fer
"There is nothing strange In that. I'll
wager two shillings the Bishop of Louis
iana would have accepted an invitation
to meet Bishop Ferguson If I had extend
ed It to him, wouldn't you Bishop?"
' The Bishop of Louisiana replied In the
affirmative, and Bishop Potter, turning
to the reporter, said:
"I knew it." .
The Bishop of Louisiana, when ap
proached on the subject, said he had an
swered in a perfunctory and preoccupied
sort of way. -'
"I am a Southern man," he added, "and
the conditions there are far different
than in the North." .
He seemed much aggrieved that he
had been brought Into the matter, and
expressed appreciation of the opportunity
to explain his position. He said he did
not know that he was talking before a
reporter. The convention adjourned to
day to meet three years hence in Cin
Portland Draws Again
$500,000 PLANT ON PENINSULA
Schwartzschild & Sulzberger
HEADQUARTERS ON COAST
Big Chicago Company to Complete
String of Packeries Across Con
tinent by - Building Near
Swift's at Portland..
CHICAGO. Oct. 19. (Special.) The in
formation that Schwartzschild & Sulz
berger had Incorporated in the," State of
Oregon is taken by financiers and pack
ing men here to Indicate that the firm
Intends to complete Its string of pack
ing plants across the continent by the
erection of a big house In Portland. Ef
forts to reach some member of the firm
or the manager tonight were unavailing,
and it was said that any person who
could speak authoritatively regarding the
plans of the company could not be lo
cated In the city.
Plant In Colorado Decided.
It Is understood the head of the firm
and the manager are in Denver or Colo
rado Springs, where a $1,000,000 plant is
to be built. The company now operates
a big plant in New Tork and has a
branch connection In Boston. It. also has
a big house here and branch connections
at Sioux City and Omaha.
The decision to build In Colorado fol
lowed the establishment there 'of a plant
by the National Packing Company. It is
Intimated that the National Packing Com
pany is owned jointly by the other big
packers, and It is found convenient In
meeting Independent competition, where
the big packers do not care to figure In
the transaction. The announcement was
made about a month ago that the S. & S.
Company had decided to build in Colo
rado. It is not yet ' known definitely
whether Denver or Colorado Springs will
get the plapt, which will be an enormous
Sure to Build at Portland.
Packers who were willing to talk of the
Oregon incorporation said it undoubtedly
was the plan of the S. &. S. people to
locate a large plant in Portland, thus giv
ing them an establishment on each coast
andharge plants in the cattle countries,
wherefrom to make a bid for the Euro
pean and Oriental trad? Any estimate
that could be obtained, of course, was
purely conjecture, but packing men said
that, if the S. & S. people built at Port
land, they would undoubtedly erect a big
plant, with an eye to the growing Oriental
and Alaskan trade.
BVILD PLANT NEAR SWIFT'S
Schwartzschild & Sulzberger Contem
plate Coast Headquarters Here.
ArtlMea of Incorporation of Schwartz
schild & Sulzberger were filed in the
County Court yesterday, the capital stock
being nominally $50,000. The construction
of a second big packing plant on the
Penslnsla, near the site already chosen by
Swift & Co., where operations have al
ready started, seems assured. The incor
porators are J. F. Heisey, Herbert Strong
and E. A. Lumberg.
The projected packing-house of the big
Chicago firm is expected to be erected not
far from the Swift & Co. site, on deep
water, while Its location will also give it
the benefit of both the Harrlman and Hill
tracks for the transportation of cattle to
its abattoirs and the carriage ct finished
products to- the markets of the world.
- It Is understood that the new plant will
cost $500,000. Its capacity will be fully up
to that of the other plants of the
Schwartzschild & Sulzberger Interests lo
cated in other centers of the country.
That it will be of the most substantial
and modern construction, with a view to
frequent extensions as needed, is assured.
The new plant will, it is said, be of equal
size with . the Swift establishment.
Some time ago representatives of the
Schwartzschild & Sulzberger Interests
visited all the Pacific Coast cities with a
view to making recommendations as to
the location of . a plant. All the cities
on the coast were carefully looked over
and Portland was chosen as the most
central location and best fitted. These
recommendations have apparently
brought about the decision of the firm to
make Portland its coast headquarters.
The building of a packing-house here
will give the Schwartzschild & Sulzberger
people packing-houses stretching across
the country from the Atlantic to the Pa
cific. The managers of the big indepen
dent packing Interests the firm repre
sents are not slow to see the economy to
be effected by manufacuring meat prod
ucts here, so near the cattle ranges of
the Pacific Northwest.
Auto Turns Upside Down.
SANTA ROSA. Cal., Oct. 19. A serious
automobile accident happened late tonight
about a mile and a half from town. A
big flyer owned by Charles Talmage, the
wealthy hopgrower, turned completely
over on account of an accident to the
There were nine people in the car, and
three of them were seriously hurt, while
the others were badly shaken up. The
seriously injured are Milton Wasserman,
David . Murray and Miss Noonan. It is
not known tonight whether or not any
of the three are likely to die.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 50
decrees; minimum. 49.
TODAY'S Probably fair; northerly winds.
Joseph Chamberlain seeks political leader
ship for son. Section 4, Page 1.
Irish Nationalists carry home rule agita
tion Into England. Section 4, Page 10.
Kaiser to visit England In pomp. Section 4.
German Official creates scandal in Africa.
Section 4, Page 6.
Canal Commission proposes to make locks
wider than planned. Section 1. Page 4.
Balltnger change rule regarding homestead
commutation. Section 1, Page 4.
Secretary Taft makes significant speech at
Manila. Section 3. Page 6.
Lincoln Republicans of San Francisco call
Pvan to withdraw. Section 1,
. . .u.flD:
Neb:'i-l:a railroads make more money under
passenger rates. Section 1,
Bishop Potter shocks Richmond by inviting
negro fcutliop to dinner. Section. 1,
Another big Chicago packing firm to build
plant at -Portland. . Section 1. Page 1.
Illinois Central meeting again adjourned.
Section 1. Page 2.
WHeaTTpffc'majr rise to $2 owing to foreign
demand. Section 1, Page I.
Value of stocks shrinks $3,000,000,000, but
whole country except Wall street pros
pers. Section 1. Page 2.
RUlgeley declines bank - presidency; stock
market continues panicky. Section 1,
Chtcagt man ordered to talk to wife or go
to Jail. Section 1. Page 4.
Movement In Canada to cut off supply of
pulp for paper. Section 1. Page 7.
Portland Academy and West Side High
School play to tie. .Section 4. Page T.
E. M. Lazarus wins Hunt Club paper chase.
Section 1. Page 8.
University of Oregon defeats Pacific 82 to
other Northwest games. Section 2,
West Point and Yale tie at football: Har
vard defeats Annapolis. Section 3,
Charles Sweeny sells Buffalo Hump prop
erty to - Ouggenhslme. Se' lion 1.
Fatal wreck at Pendleton due to Engineer's
blunder. Seotlon 1. Page 7.
Trivial dispute causes riot on 8an Fran
cisco streetcar, ending in death of one.
wounding of three . men. Section 1,
Commercial and Marine.
Export buying advances hops to 10 centa
Section 4. Page 11.
Wheat higher at Chicago on foreign de
mand. Section 4, Page 11.
Wall -street nervous, but hopes for Improve
ment. Section 4. Page 11. '
Bank statement more favorable than ex
pected. 6ectlon 4. Page 11.
Genevieve Mollnos clears with a full cargo
of wheat; fifth grain ship for October.
Section 4. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity. -
Oregon's prosperity this year greatest In
state's history- Section 1, Page 1.
Mayor declares war on corporations and
others using streets without authority.
Section 8. Page 12.
City Jail prisoner attempts to hang htm
aelf. Section 2. Page 8.
Harrlman ' makes move to block Oregon
Trunk Line. Section 1, Page 10.
Oregon Trust A Savings Bank depositors
get back money paid In after Insolvency.
Seotlon 1, Page lO.
Women's Clubs meet In Salem Tuesday.
Section 2. Page 12.
Heavy, real estate movement verifies Sum
mer predictions. Section 3. Page 10.
Benjamin Fay Mills to visit -Portland. Seo
tlon 8, Page 12.
Slgnor De Caprlo leads Bousa's band on In
vltatlon of master. Section 2, Page 4.
Motorman Shoots Pass-
ALL ABOUT A TRANSFER SLIP
Three Other Men Are Injured,
' Two Fatally.
PANIC AMONG THE MEN
In Frenzied Haste to Escape Bullets,
They Trample on Children As
sault on Conductor by Angry
Passenger Causes a Row. ,
SAN FRANCISCO. Oct. 19.-As a result
of trouble over, a transfer slip on a Polk
street car of the United . Railroads sys
tem this evening, one man was shot and
killed, another so seriously wounded that
death will probably ensue, and two other
men less severely Injured.
The slain man was Charles Moss, aged
34 years, a hodcarrler by occupation. Otto
Enerweln was shot through the neck and
left eye and will probably die. John
Monger, a hodcarrler, was shot through
the left hand. Bernard Goldstein was
shot through the right leg. Joseph Stef
fens will probably lose the sight of his
left eye, which was filled with shattered
The conductor of the car, B. B. Brown,
and the motorman, E. A. Purcell, are
at the city prison, and will be charged
- Crowd Puts Nerve on Edge. .
When the car left the ferry to pass out
Mission street, on Its way to Polk, It
was packed with passengers. Including
men- returning from work, and women
and children who had been-across tha
bay. The crowded condition of the car
made It difficult for the conductor to
collect fares and, when Polk street was
reached, both he and the uncomfortably
crowded passengers were in a condition
of irritable nervousness. '
The man who started the trouble, ac
cording to his own admissions to the
police, was John Monger. He said that
when he paid his fare, early on the trip,
he had asked the conductor for a trans
fer. Brown was busy and told Monger
to wait a while. Monger repeated his
request several times, and Brown failed
to hand him the slip. Finally Monger
concluded that Brown did not intend to
give him the ticket, and struck at the
conductor. The latter dodged the blow
and swung back at Monger, striking him
in the face and knocking him down.
Revolvers Vsed Against Fists.
All of this disturbance happened on the
rear platform, where Monger had been
talking to Goldstein and Moss: These
men say that when Monger was knocked
down they saw Brown draw a revolver,
and grappled with him to prevent him
from using it. Brown's face would Indi
cate that the preventive measures Includ
ed more than seizure, for his countenance
Is battered, bruised and cut.
It was at this Juncture that the shoot
ing commenced. At the same time some
one threw off the trolley pole and the car
earns to a standstill. The stoppage of
the car, coupled with the noise in the
rear, led the motorman to believe that
his mate was In danger and, revolver In
hand, he pushed hie way through the
Panic In Car, Man Killed.
Women and children were thrown
into a panic and a mad rqsh was made
to escape. Women trampled upon
children and windows were broken by
the affrighted passengers, whose hys
teria and fears were Increased when
the shooting began.
- Moss was the first one to receive a
bullet. He was shot In the abdomen -and
so closely was the revolver held to
his body that his clothes were powder
burned. He staggered from the plat
form and, as he was going, it is said
that the second bullet that pierced his
(Concluded on Page 2.)