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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 7, 1906)
'OKOHAMA, Japan, Dec. 18. 1S05
(Special Correspondence.) One by
one, the Generals, and regiment by
roginicni, me iroops, are returning irom
the Ion?, victorious campaign in Man
ahuria. Every day some leader is greeted
and entertained by the ljcads pt the gov
ernment, and every day some common
soldier is greeted and entertained by his
friends: and the private Js as bis a man
in his little circle as the General Is In
his bigger one. I
On the 7th of the month Field Marshal
Marquis Oyama made his triumphal entry
Into Tokio. It was a gloomy day, with
pouring rain, but life in Japan is mainly
aquatic, and rain to an Oregonian is like J
water to a duck's back, fo I boarded an
early train for Tokio to see the Commander-in-Chiefs
return to the capital.
All the little stations along the way .were ,
decorated in hl& honor, and hastening
towards the stations along the country 1
roads came crowds of people, old men
and young, and girls and women carying J
babies tied to their backs safely sheltered
under great umbrellas. Red and white
striped poles lined the platform at one
.station, at another a band of little boy
musicians in gaudy red uniforms sat on
a bench waiting -for the train bearing
Marquis Oyama; at Omorl, the uniformed
students of the naval school 'stood all In
line, and n't' every stopping place there
were many banners, proclaiming. In great j
black characters, "Honorable "Welcome
The long platform at Tokio was a seeth
ing mass of people; officers in bright uni
forms, the cider statesmen and Cabinet
Ministers in frock coats and high hats.
. representatives from the foreign lega
tions, an organization of women In blue
gowns with blue and white bonnets, and
about the gates the populace .straining
eagerly forward. Beyond the station the
carriages of the Imperial household were
waiting, and prominent injthe crowd were
the Imperial coachmen in high boots and
long black coats, with gold chrysanthe
mums on buttons and coat lapels, and
white oilskin covers with cockades drawn
over thcirhigh hats. Outside In the rain,
beyond a sea of rickshas, was a body of
imperial lancers mounted on Japanese
horses. The air was alive with fluttering
banners of red and - white, and of the
bright purple which the. Japanese count
a "happy color": these represented vari
ous public corporations. Beyond was an
Imposing triumphal arch, erected in honor
of the returning soldiery- Beyond this
the way to the palace was lined with
men, women and children.
Oyama Is Big and Broad.
Presently guns were fired to an
nounce the coming of the train. Then
"Banzai!" "Banzai!" "Banzai!" rent the
-air. We in the station saw the Field
Marshal coming-, accompanied by Gen
eral Kodama, and followed by imperial
Princes. Marshal Oyama Is big- and
broad for a Japanese, with a soldierly
bearing-, a robust physique and an ath
letic gait unusual In a man of 6S. Ho
has a big pock-marked face and a flat
nose not a handsome-face, but a very,
strong one, with an expression of great
kindliness. 'He walked briskly through
the station, bowing and saluting to ac
knowledge the cheering in his honor,
but mindful, evidently, that his Em
peror was awaiting his arrival.
Beside him General Kodama. chief
of staff, looked physlcaly a very little
man indeed, although mentaly he is a
consummate strategist, and many say
that the unbroken line of successes in
ManchtirJa Is duo to him. The party
stepped quickly into carriages and
drove away to the- palace, where the
commander-in-chief had an audience
with the Emperor, presented his re
ports and received gifts from the Em
peror and Empress. A luncheon fol
lowed, noteworthy because of the toast
proposed to Marquis Oyama by Marquis
Yamagata, "chief of the General Staff.
The toast was a. resume of Japan's
wonderful, unbroken, victorious prog
ress in Manchuria. a resume brief but
telling, closing with the words:
"Tliis is the happy result of the
rigtjt- man having been chosen com-mander-inrchlef,
the successful execu
tion of the wise plans of His Majesty,
and tho harmonious co-operation of
loyal and gallant officers and men. The
services rendered by Marshal Oyama,
who commanded these operations, will
be remembered eternally, Illuminating
hundreds of thousands of generations
to come. I now rise, and in a glass of
wine congratulate the unprecedently,
ever-victorious Marshal Oyama. I also
drink the health of General .Kodama,"
who as chief of staff to the ever-victorious
Marshal assisted him in ob
taining his preternatural success."
Marquis Oyama (the name Oyama
means "big mountain") comes of fight
ing,siocK. ,any m his military career I
hfi WnS nhllrRd tfl trt Vr o-m o o-.. Ino I
his uncle, the great Saigo, leader of
the Satsuma 'rebellion; in the Japan
C)jn jjtr.fce ciplvr.e Port Arlter an
' - ism sain t m r "mr9.'t. '-pwut' 1
HONORS RETURNING SOLDIERS
a line of mounted police, a band and a
cavalry corps; then came the Generals.
Oyama. Kodama "and Kurakl, with their
staff officers, and others- following wero
the troops, about 30.000 in all, Tvlth 24
pieces of artillery. There were some 50,
000 troops present at the celebration in
the park. Events like these show the
government's pride In its army, but tho
welcome given each individual soldier by
his family 'and friends shows the heart
of the ..people.
Every Hamlet Has a Hero.
There is no village, nor hamlet, nor
street so poor that It has not Its hero
home from tho war. Every day there
arc triumphal processions In Yokohama;
every day like processions are celebrat
ing the return of the soldiery In obscure
country places throughout Japan. There
are always long, fluttering banners, bear
Ing the name and deeds of the particular
sold'ier: there is always tho curious,
pompous little band, of which Japan has
thousands, made up of ydung boys strug
gling manfully wjth bfe. brass Instru
ments; there Is the soldier marching
along with his . head down." and there Is
the heterogeneous crowd of relatives and
frinnAa Tl, cnlitlar I- n. 1.
friends. Tho soldier is escorted to the
house of each friend in turn, the stand
ards are planted before the door, and
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, JANUARY 7, 1906.
within. Exactly like 'this ceremony of
welcome is the one of farewell to young
men who have passed their examination
and arc joining the army for three years
service. In the past few weeks there
have been many o these farewell pro
cessions, and, .except for the boyishness
of his face and the newness of his uni
form, one cannot distinguish the newly
enlisted soldier from the M&nchuriau vet
;cran. The army in Japan is of the people Tar
more than is the case was us, for here
a system like the German prevails, and
with the exception -f some few classes,
priests and others, even able-bodied
young man must give three years to ac
tive army service. After this period, with
its attendant discipline, study and physi
cal training, the sojdler goes home a far
more efficient and patriotic man than
he was before. Then he Is put in the
"first reserve" for four years, and after
wards In the "second reserve' for four
years, subject to active service only in
case of war. As a result, the army Is
the people, representing the spirit of the
people to aMegree impossible with a body
of mercenaries. If America, were a little
island nation instead of the big, roomy
country that it Is, the advantages of the
system would appeal to us. Patriotism Is
a better motive for fighting than mere
meflthly par '..jr4 r well-trained man
can fight with greater skill than the most
Japan Overflows "With Soldiers.
Japan is overflowing with soldicra The
other day' as wc boarded the train for
Tokio. we saw sick and wounded, pale,
wan men carried by In stretchers; as we
went to Narita, an out-of-the-way country-place
noted for its Buddhist temple, a
battalion of infaktry was on the train,
and we found the- town swarming with
soldiers, while evergreen archways and
decorations were erected in tho temple
groundr-for a festival in their honor.
One cannot help thinking of the con
trast afforded by the return of the Rus
sian troops to their turbulent, unhappy
country. There Is now In Nagasaki a
transport with 757 soldiers aboard who
took part la the-VladlvoMok riots. It has
been announced that Russian prisoners
returning from Japan will be sent home
via Sue because of the disturbance In
the Interior of Russia. In Yokohama the
other day a subscription of 3609 yen was
contributed by the foreign rnJ4es to sev
eral" hundred Russian prisoners who will
UFe the -sum to pay their passage to
.America. They are men who laid down
their arms at Port Artfcur. for which of
fenve they we 14 be tWL "abairiii tkey re
turn t Rwt4a. It fe' MM that J he "Rus
sian authorities in charge made but a
feeble folnt at detaining them. The So
cialist party In Russia hag taken advan
tage of the imprisonment of soldiers here
by scattering great quantities of revolu
tionary tracts among them. The return
home of these men means added fuel to
the strife and menace to the government
of the Ciar. Russia has more to fvir
from the aftermath of the war than she
had to fear from the war Itself. Every
one In Russia has a grievance, and every
uridier Is returning discontented and mu
tinous. . Japan Is not without difficulties
and problems, but a rebellious army is,
not one of them, for the Japanese troops
are returning from victories aoroad to
peace at home.
ANNIE LAURA MILLER.
WHY SHAW DID NOT HELP
Two I-'actlons of Financiers Gave
NEW YORK, Jan. 6. The Tribune to
day says: As a sequel to Jacob H. SchifTs
panic speech at the Chamber of Com
merce on Thursday, in which he said that
he had tried In vain to Induce Secretary
Shaw to come to the aid of the situation
here, it developed yesterday that the Sec
retary was advised in opposite directions
by two powerful sets of financiers here.
One group, headed by the National City
Bank, of which James Stlllraan ! presi
dent and which has close 'financial rela
tions with the Rockefellers, Kuhn, Loeb
& Co. and EL H. Jlarrtman. tried many
means to have tho Secretary deposit Gov
ernment funds. there.
The other Including the First National.
Field-Marshal Oyama and His Troops Make Tri
umphal Entry Into Tokio.
of which George Baker Is president, and
whrth has James J. Hill In Its direc
torate; the Chase National, whose presi
dent la A. B. Hepburn; the Liberty Na
tional and the Rock Island group of cap
italists; came out squarely for home rule.
Tho First National group had the -backing
of bankers In other large cities, who
said that the commercial interests were
not suffering and the Government should
not feel called upon to help out a lot of
Wall street speculators. 3Ir. . Shaw
took this course, and in view of the easier
rates yesterday, representatives of the
First National party said they thought
they had been entirely vindicated.
LOSS EXCEEDS $500,000
many Big Concerns Suffer by Kan
KANSAS CITY. Mo., Jan. 6. A revised
estimato of the losses In last night's Are
places the total damage at slightly over
$300,000, and the Insurance at two-thirds
of that amount. The property destroyed
and damaged occupied two-thlrda of the
block on the west side of Walnut street,
between Ninth and Tenth streets.
The losses are divided as follows:
National Bank of Commerce, office
baildlng and bank fixtures, Tenth and
Walnut streets, loss. $100,000. fully insured.
Woods building. 918 Walnut street,
owned by Dr. W. S. Woods, president of
the National Bank of Commerce, loss,
$lse.W, insurance, IMO.OOe.
Columbus Buggy Company, stock. $100,
ttt. Insurance. $73.9$.
W. W. Kimball Piano Company, stock
loss, J3C.6C, insurance. $89,000.
Hettinger Bros. Xaa-ufacturing Com
taity. surgical iftstruneRts and physic!?
supplies, stock loss, JS0.CO0, insurance, $50,.
Ridge office building. $15,000.
Occupants of offices in Bank of Com
merce building and adjoining property.
The damage to the Bank of Commerce
building, a six-story structure, was only
partial, - and was caused principally by
water. The room? of the National Bank oC
Commerce were partially damaged and
rendered temporarily uninhabitable. Tho
vaults, containing J3.00O.00O and the bank's,
books, .were not damaged. The bank,
which is the largest financial institution,
in the city, opened for business today in
IELESS IN THE FIELll
COMPANY IS INCORPORATED UN
DER THE WASHINGTON LAW.
With the Exception of A. F. McClaHe,
of Tacoma, the Backers Arc All
San Francisco Mcb.
OLYMPIA, Wash.. Jan. 6. (Special.)
A company which proposes to enter
the wireless telegraph field, filed arti
cles of Incorporation under the laws
of this state here toaay. giving Its
capital stock at $10,000,030. The in
corporators are nearly all San Francis
co men. They are:
W. D. Valentine. J. M. Duke. M. B.
Kellogg, S. L. Phillips. John H. Mar
ble, J. D. Lederman. San Francisco, and
A. F. McClain. of Tacoma. Mr. Mc
Claine was at one time vice-president
of the National Bank of Commerce of.
Tacoma. and is now heavily interested
In mines and timber lands.
The company styles itself the United
States Wireless Printing Telegraph
Company. In addition to maintaining a
wireless telegraph system, its articles
I giv It authority to acquire, construct
! and maintain wharves, warehouses,
t factories, stores and to deal In patents
i and personal property.
3I:iy Yet Fscapo Deportation.
' NEW YdRK. Jan. 6. A stay granted
at the last moment by the Washington
t authorltle? nas saved Mrs. Lydla M.
Thompson, the Englishwoman who ar-
rived from London on the Minneapolis
on New Year's day. from being de-
t ported on the same steamer tnis morn
ing on the ground that sea-sickness
has affected her reason. She was on
her way to visit Miss Sarah P. Scull
at Overbrook. Pa., and relatives of the
latter secured expert opinion tnat Mrs.
Thompson was not Insane. but was
Kittfering from acute confusional psy
chosis, bi ought on by the severe strain
of an unusually rough and terrllt'inR
voyage. On this plea Secretary Metcalf
granted a stay for one week, afte"
which she Is to be examined again.
Chinese Mission Entertains.
Several hundred men were entertained
at the People's Institute last night with
, a programme of music, recitations and
dialogues, given by the members of the
United Brethren Chinese Mission. With
the exception of tho accompanists. Mrs.
W. Whigam and Miss A. Naylor. all the
participants were Chinese, and the num-
oers were preseniea unaer ine airecuon
of Rev. Moy IJng. superintendent of tho
mission. Several numbers were given by
the mission choir of 12 Chinese boys, and
each time they sang they were called back
by an encore. 9ome of the singing by
the tots from the mission was especially
Right of Way for Electric Loop.
CASTLE ROCK, Wash., Jan. 6. (Spe
cial.) Wayne Stuart returned this even
ing from his trip along the Toutle, where
he secured quite a number of deeds for
right of way for the electric loop line
to St. Helens. Mr. Stuart says the people
are enthusiastic over the prospect of hav
ing an outlet for their timber. A recent
estimate puts the amount of timber tapped '
by tho loop line at 15.000.000.000 feet.
Because we male medicines for them.
They know all about Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral, so they prescribe "it for
coughs, colds, bronchitis, weak lungs,
consumption. They trust it. Then
you can afford to trust It. Consult your
doctor about it anyway. Sold 60 years
" My little boy bad a terrible ceagb. I tried
e-rery tbiag I conld bear ef bat ia Tabs oatil
I tried Ayer's Cberry Pectoral. Tbe first
nlgbt be was better, aad be steadily te
prevsd ujitil be was perfectly well.' Mas. S.