Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
J " Bib. cV,-
I jiW.)m 'tanow
of' Crlpafa and .
'toani f---"-- by 4.
ynjfr.iteiter. of" -Wostani.
J der otepUtC
2 lawnwr ot'ToHorkte.
- r - i :
b4- j W1 r: which Jt
. 7 rkown jK"ttt-k'lU(:M'.-St
nyi ippn9 sum.
- 'tmilKr '. tho 'tMMM inaer
..- 7-the Ceottr 'jJ..i(MiHteMffli
x -he proMMfwr.H naMr tot
iwttle Tfie ' :wh . . Jflowornor. , Governor
Xtodiin tfe iq. nwwicatiott -with tho
ntaio UfiiKo Ltinrti 4 r
nW ;o ;prjHftTaJCoc if tfco
rime, ' v ' . , . :. - . :
IL i thaws prnfcafrla ;tnat ike load-
Jrr detots; xgwei" of the oMHbry;
waU .k 'Mktd-ti sastd-aomo of thr
mmy&, Hp:mjmm4 --tho ntate
will onr a -jrreat a :rwird a tkc
Governor 'mw d -lie 'h-as bow or to
aiWitcnberg- ws Gevorsor of the
statef rent "Jtt7 te 1S1. 3ayr
twlcejloctod. "He was Wffl InJwiT44
.yearsro and had. ben in laJ atace
He left a wife and. thre oHlldren.
.Gv(Ror Gooding Has Jnfr tne
C&iftfcan Coaaty oSioIalK that Ike state
-wIU sflr re war A "of gfe far appre
heDsionOof the marAarer. ",A jeoial
- train Is leaving Hrr Caldwell at 10
''clock parrying1 the f Govern or and
others -w4o to aseia.t In. ergaaJzing
the worJc;8f raaingr-d"'H 'tac erlm-
The laifK't Jtiformatiea frem tho
oenc i ia the eaeet tbat 'tife.'.bomb
whb jtHrW.v plaeed by the g&epost
xnd ttif'jH-g of, .tW,sat expl&kod it
When iteraoaa Twitting te 'tne spet
rcatiifci theW trite man the latter
Bald rwMtMjr ,J ii? "lV'he Rhet me?"
lie jilm't&eMj sonathlng- abowt tarnlng
Im over, bt4 e' lapsed late' vncen
scWranee -at mc nd died TItaout
gi1ng- any HiWm&t4a,
Tne victim's jblataJng -and .his -bocb
iSvere titm i -Ucrs and his Wok was
terrlhir 4oii&:Btk lers -were shat-
II Otot Twit,
eKs&ele was feic
The 'fkoefc af
and broke all the
f the gteaaopberg
t or town be! hit
Ssopad vi Jntreet
v Xwa aa,
ad aten "'lymc
days and left for
Jlyad in th Caear
ot-the iniaia hore in
of tkeat -ar 'Wainc- wlrW n
AtHtalpwam MpcstiatiWjtive. 'wjia -'waalt
io OaW m; 40 apedal iim sends
the fo!towist after yiaiUnir, the aajwa at
the crime: ' ! '
'AaaaHanas. JCjeav aIMBr'jBri
The ex-ff vernor was ldHed ai o west
ate; ieaotea; to. is Jmm&: jOcor at Ms
home. a pat ant m. ,ssi aaamjTaaw
to hahfvi no ,atvar woaW lava
Mpyossd- wawli ' m t the front
ante, bctitwa W haWt to itae the tMc.
Tna. vtbttsa atnlnad anwrlpin'ussi abaWt
21 .nttaaaa.-- -Ke ' was ;arack dawn at M
and lot -T.-hV betn'aoiiaeiottc uU ha
hrapthad Ms last." , ' .1 , .
, Tfctta wf snftasiuas- ae ld.''an;
aeaa to wiilsssnBiaii,lait awwii to laMu
He jannnnia ha haaaa anckiW M
hnuasod from afar ttiaC; .would' Hunts :Mg)
upon tbe daad. , . '' .
He was Wr wmmded, the itfk
belna; snsanV or da layaftBK'
rj(neRM;j; ha 4Jm
t'strikWliCBi.-lNM ftm tntaprfnc;oc w.
The"lBnc tMns i. owain K-
dows M W ailiiHit-ms
lerat ft l;'-vlNitiker' BJW A
Jn mM tliat y;'w4 of rlke
gyiajglM task-f !n - train
;a4 WMk t k MllL ' Th buUdlns- was
lowt 'fttk dniajnli' n4 at Jeast
om fnatt ms ktAd J:t)e,xjilon. The
;iulimBam tupaalmi fi tlie GNyfanMr for
liinnarlinn WaaiinT "lHit tha .jrflMrs
torwrjr Sorm C wiwtee
and iMMMMrtiab to arareat the perauM
't-'Xim atartaa nttia acta eoacWered la-
pgacMatMaT probiakived a atota f
JnanHMlin adcalted PraakieAt
MrlTinW iar 9e4eral trawpe, 0earal
;3a laarrtaw aupiad the distrkt and
xaarOal Sfwr. A aka4c.
caneaaJlr ac a 'bullpen, -was
Btrniers JHtd-jtCrlke ayatpathteers
vera-lmartaooad hi great numbers. A pcr
rtt: ivatan) 'e eataMMied -by the
artlttarr Mid' aflper wac permlted to
fhk Ite'talnai who did ot ntake af
JMavtt fllat --WMatbar not a. ment
nar ir-'fha awin;:;ar had severed Me co
awoChMi wjtk it'and would not aaia 4r.
. ISbW otoaetic traaiaaant, yeanatid .kt the
aAaniihaatton; oC ainanr'araanlaa-
tioa J "the Oaeor 4Xic. aatd It has
Wyec'-beea rt uwtaaliait a'a ' The matter
Oojnffiaaaionai jiiaaanr auc' ordered. The
Bepahaoaai m waiui ;;a4U .ahe ooaHatiaekm
yade areort "aphrtng "Goyerwor Steu
!nen4MqB altawiith a -waa' a. Democrat,
amd the acttoavaC' jeAlani IfcKialey.
ihir 2NaaaiaalL- eaarl laa4araMf of
aaarjMaaa,L jwwniy re-
'pVataW .and Xational
r ihelat that
-.he wan,', at tha awnaat wcutebency,
a! .twi Tyaayr&yihleal Union.
OF DOMBSTIC TASTES
StenHcnhcrg Was a Newspaper
Mkh Prom- Iowa.
2Jrank Steuacnbcrs wa born in loa,
.about. 1899, oho bf a family of several
bbj'8, nearly all of whom were taught tho
printer's trade. In 18S6 his brother Al
bert, now a banker in Southern Idaho and
Eastern Oregon, then in L.a ramie. "YVyo.,
was one of a company who bought tho
Caldwell (Idaho) Tribune. Frank was
then publisher of a weekly paper In his
native state and as soon as he could sell
there he Joined bis brother at Caldwell.
The two made the paper a, power in the
next ten years. IVhen Cleveland was re
elected an effort was made to appoint
"Mr. Stcuneahcrg postmaster at Caldwell,
but a rival faction so opposed him that
a compromise wis effected whereby Hen
ry Hartley, a pioneer Democrat, whom
he Jocularly $d to say was in Price's
left wing, got tho postoflScc, and Frank
was staled tar the State Senate. In tho
Fall lie was" elected, and in the msslon
that "Winter he made such an Impression
that when convention time came around
in 38 he was the Democratic nominee
for Governor. He was elected.
One term was enough, and when it
was ended he ietlred to his ranch on tho
edge of the city of Caldwell. Later lie
went into sbecpraisiag. It was in tills
stage of bis $areer that I last saw him,
and a glow lib up bis face as- he told me:
"So more politics for Frank."
Mr. Steunepbcrg was happily married.
He had a son, Julian, born in 1SSC, a
(CBc)acd on psce 3.)
MURDERED BY DYNAMITE
glhgal igi ppiif-rafnor
rer I -a.' saemaar
Mere His Chains
LY PALACE WAS THE JAIL
Ejitoient Threats Kept Her In
ENDS LONG SIEGE
Now Millionaire's Body Hosts ia the
liomciHc "Deserted, "While Prlcads
. Strive for Temporary
Tcc Till Funeral.
NEW TORK. Dec SO. While the body
of Charles T. Terkcs. millionaire traction
magnate, is lying at his mansion at Fifth
Aveane and Sixty-eighth street today,
every effort Is being made to smooth over
for tho brief time before tho funeral the
domes-tic tangle Into which the man's
queer acaso of ethics had plunged him.
The body Is at tho home of his legal wid
ow, but for the last three years 51 r.
Terkea has not entered It. nor had the
widow visited him during the last weeks
of his Illness until yesterday afternoon,
when she was informed, that he was dy
ing. JSvae. then, it is said by some, she
remained in another room until the end
In the Fjfth avenue houe the widow
for tho last five months has been a pris
oner by reason oC Sir. Tcrkes desire to
divorce her. She was ordered to leave tho
mansion by Samuel Untcrroeycr, llr.
Yerkos personal counsel, and on her re
fusal. It had been threatened that gas.
water and electricity would be shut off.
Her own lawyers had told her -to remain
In the house, warning- her that advantage
might be taken of bcr absence to throw
into the street "her personal effects and
close the doors on her.
TVhen. Mr. Tcrkes returned from Europe
last August with Miss ISmllle Grtgsby, ho
announced his Intention to divorce Mrs.
Yerkcs. From that time until two weeks
ago Mrs. Terkes was obliged to stay be
hind locked doers. Many times she had
been asked Tjy telephone to come to the
Waldorf. On Sunday she finally consent
ed. It is stated sho learned Miss Grijreby
was calling on tho sick man and sho re
fused to see him. Yesterday she once
more left her handsome Jail and when she
returned the man whose legal machina
tions she feared was dead.
Mrs. Yerkcs would see no reporters to
day, but she telephoned to her friends
explaining to them the reason for her
failure to visit her husband. To nearly
every one the news that sho bad been a
prisoner In the mansion came as a sur
prise. The attempt at getting a divorce
last Summer had been kept secret, and
very few persons were aware of tho last
chapter In the millionaire's marital af
fairs. At the Grigsby homo a negro but
lcr said that Miss Grtsby was not in, and
he did not know where she was. "She
may make a statement to the press lat
er," the man volunteered.
TERKES ESTATE IS LARGE
Famous Magnate lias Many Pen
sloncrs on His List.
CHICAGO, Dec SO. (Special.) Charles
T. Yerkea' will Is to be probated in Cook
County within the next 09 days. It Is
estimated the document will disclose an
BOMB AT CALDWELL HOME
estate oC xajm,Wk. It In
left large amounts to cbarHy nam.tn?Js
stitutlons to be used by the pobHe.- y-,.
Now that the famous street-railway
promoter and manager 'is dead, acts of
charity that he kept secret are described.
It has been learned that he Bad more
than. 3 pensioners ob fete books. Hos
pital, art fawwaif natoatMc societies
and colleges are said to "be mentioned In
BODY Th" HAMPER
Dead 3farnatc Carried lake Old
CIoUics Secretly From Hotel.
NEW YORK. Dec 3.-(Speclal.)-The
bitterest enemy of Cliarles T. tcrkes
could never have wished him an end as
sad as that which was his. In order to
prevent the guests in the hotel from real
izing- that a death had occurred, his body
was carried from tho place secretly and
conveyed to the Fifth-avenue residence of
his wife. A big wicker hamper was taken
to the room la which he had died. The
body was placed in this and then, with
great secrecy, two of the porters. In
Jeans, Jumpers and overalls, took the
(Concluded ea pace 2.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TESTE RD AY'S Maximum temperature.
dev.; raJnlrasm. 38. Precipitation, 0.70 of
TODAT'S Occasional rain. Cooler. South
to west wladB.
Artillery wrecks factorief filled with rebels
at Moscow and UIls hundreds. I'ace 1.
Reds admit failure, bat will resort to guer
rilla war. i'ase 1.
Rebellion breaks oat la more provinces.
Bridge blown up and hundreds of soldiers
Killed, rase 3. s
Renewed fear of war between France and
Germany. Pago 3.
French Catholics preparing for church sep
aration. Fago 3.
Reisn of terror la Barcelona. Page 3.
Chinese Reform Commission coming to
America. Pa 15.
Morales proclaimed traitor to Santo Do-
mlngro. Page. j-i. r
Benton's demurrer overruled and he must
stand trial for land frauds. Page. 13.
Government has new Irrigation project at
Priest Rapldsu Pag IZ.
Trial of Hermann begins next month.
Trial of Midshipman Decatur for hazing.
Pollco Commissioner McAdoo condemns Mc-
Clellan'a summary action. Pago 13.
Bingham tells policy la managing New York
ponce. Page IX
Andrew Carnegie. review of tire year.
Page 1. . .
Tcrkes kept wife prisoner in house. Page 1.
Closing- day of insurance Inquiry. Page 2.
Nation enters on New Year In state of pros
perity. Para 3.
J. J. Hill will oaty tctata financial manage
ment or rauroaas, t-sn. - . . .
Call money rates highest In six years.
Page 15. I
Fewer lynchings in 1905 than in -0 years.
Walter "Wellman snd fc'antos-Dumont will
and .North Pole with airship, rage is.
Printers' strike begins In earnest Monday.
O'Brien will defend championship title.
Multnomah looms up well In practice.
Pacific Coast "League will remain Intact.
Militiamen study tactics. Pago 17.
Indopr sports are In full awtng-. Page IT.
Jockey fame soon wanes. Page 1.
Football committees tinkering rules. Tage
Revival In boxing at the Multnomah Club.
Percy F. Megargel describes his hardships
In Arizona. Page 16.
Ex-Governor Frank Steunenberg. of Idaho."
murdered by dynamite bomb at Caldwell
home. Page 1.
Conspiracy of Honolulu officials and servants
to secure fees from siantora estate.
Sailors of "Wynerl tell terrible tale of the
sea. page 4.
Wealthy California, woman forced by 'second
husband to alga large checK. rage 4.
Commissioners to hear testimony In Ore
" gon-TTashlngton boundary dispute. Page 5
CenterrlUe. Wash., man marries bis mother-in-law.
Disclosure of Eastern record caused Banker
Probert to fly from Dayton, Or. Page 5.
Commercial and Marine.
Shortage In California orange crop reported.
Chicago wheat market strong nearly all day.
Profit-taking sales unsettle ' stock market.
Bank statement not unfavorable. Tage 33.
California cured fruit market dull. Page 33.
French bark drags anchor In the harbor.
French bark Jean Baptlste reaches port
aft-r trying experience off tho Columbia
Ttlvcr bar. Page 13.
Dutch steamer collides with barge in New
Tork harbor. Page 13.
German tank steamer collides with British
steamer off Chilean coast. Page 15.
Dynamite-laden steamship crashes Into
schooner la Delaware IUver. Tage 13.
Portland aad Vicinity. .
Lane and Bruin get even on members of
police force who testified not to their
liking at civil service investigation.
Crime rampant In Portland during Decem
ber. Page 10.
Sllprbod methods of Police Department
shown at hearing of charges against
Kerrigan and Snow. Page 21.
This year the biggest one In realty transac
tions Portland ha ever seen. Page S.
'Mysterious Billy" Smith want a divorce
and so does his wife. Page 8.
Union of Northern and Cumberland Pres
byterians pleases alL Page 10.
Traveling Men's Protective Association
elects officers and given banquet. Page
Teat are aad Departments.
CdltorlaL Tage .
Anna Loubct grateful to public Page 25.
Society. Fagea 28-27.
Dramatic. Pages 2S-23.
C!aslfled advertisements. Pages 13-23.
Memorial to volunteer dead- Page 30.
Good-sized real estate deals, rage 31.
California will welcome Portland pilgrims.
Sarcasm aad humor In cartoons. Page 33.
Italy's Queen mother to tour America.
Bernhardt a great artist at 81. Page 39.
Newell Dwlght HIllls sermon. Page 37.
The silent reaper's harvest of . the great.
Important happenings of 1905. Page 39.
Europe's future rulers.. Page 4. ,
How S3 bays reached Cengrese. Page it
"RemlaUcences of - Oesrge H. -Williams.
Page 4L .
rxaalons. Pages 42-43.
Malays are afclftle and lazy. Page 44..
The new Uad af New Years. . Part 43.
Beks. Page 4.
Tenth's oepartmeat. Pg:47. .
. ry mum to" the force the government employed, I
1 w I II1WUUIIIIUU
Artillery Batters Down
WALLS GRUMBLE UPON THEM
Doubassoff Inaugurates New
Terror in Moscow.
REDS HAVE LOST HEART
Deplore Falling "into Trap-Set by
AVIttc Government Xow Has
tens Preparations for Klcc
llon of Assembly.
MOSCOW, Dec. 30. (6:30 P. M.)
Governor-General Doubassoff today as
sumed the offensive against the revolu
tionary stronghold In tho northwestern
or Prcsna quarter and all day the Inhab
itants of the city have been listening to
the thunder of cannon and the rattle of
small arms. At this writing llring; is
still audible but more distant, and the
lurid glare in the heavens shows that
many structures arc in flames.
It was essentially a surprise attack.
During the night artillery and machine
guns moved to the streets leading to the
Prcsna district, all of which were heav
ily barricaded, and at 4 o'clock this
morning the troops began an advance,
clearing the way ruthlessly. By 10
o'clock most of the region had been
cleared and the main body of the In
surgents and strikers had been driven
Into the ProkhaxofT cotton mills, an im
mense establishment which was for
tified to stand a siege.
Factory Kcduccd to lluins.
A smaller force of the revolutionaries
held the Komsoff. another four-story
factory, in Kudrinsky Place. The latter
vwas bombarded and . reduced . without
much difricolty. It is impossible to pen
etrate the quarter as the plckots have
the strictest orders to allow no ono to
The artillery Are was resumed at 2
o'clock this afternoon and continues.
According to officers at Governor-Gen
eral DoubassotTs headquarters, the ProK-
haroff mill Is momentarily expected to
fall and It In nssertted that it la the pro
gramme to finish the revolt tonight. It
Is admitted that, tho slaughter has been
The Scmlnovsky Itcgimcnt Is said to
have distinguished Itself in many places
by storming barricades and Is the heav
iest-loser ou the sldo of the troops.
"Workmen Bttrncd to Death.
A terrible affair took place at a
workman's tea house in ovaya Dorc-
voya street near the Prcsna district. It
was surrounded by the "Black Hun
dreds," who finally nppllcd the torch and
wero watching the victims Inside con
sumed by the flames when Cossacks ar
rived on the scene.
Governor-General Doubassoff has
posted an imperial ukase guaranteeing
p anion 10 sinners wno nave not uacu
GOVERNMENT CIiAI3IS VICTORY:
Rebels Are Disconsolate and TVintcr
Fights Against Them.
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 20.-(100 P.
M.) The . government claims that the
MAN WHO KEPT
innnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnHVinnsT7 - -i ' c: v ( tlannnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl
nnnnnnnnnnnnnnWlnnnnaV ' - i" rM
HHpf '"HPS JB- rfKnnininininin.lH
.HIHI - " .n-n-fc'" 'L . H '
annnnnnB ' nnnnnB. ' JnHLnn nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnni
IsnnnnnnnnV " nnnnHaxn9& . M
snnnHP rtfp' jf& ?nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnV
tnnnnnWCiftr wmt?'' t-fSJmSt$a "snnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl
nnnWPFi' at --JH
nnnnnnj:jr' . aninnnnnk.tJ4'A'ainnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl
nnnnnnBnV 5t r.' " 2 m'KrnkF nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl
IjnHKulV ' nnnnnnV onjnHPv'Innnnnnnnnnnnnn
BKSr" . ...k..: 7?&W!f snnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnl
O. - gBnlK Xf 'nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnni
B&f ' 'tL anEinnnnnnnnnnnnV
innnnnnnnBnnnnnnnnnnnnwa' -ilnnnnnnnnnnnnnnsiullbk a. snnnnnnnnnntl
BnnnnnnnnnnnnBnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnBnnnnsnESk- .nnnnnnnnnnnnnY; 3snnnnnnnn
nnnnnnnnnnnnjnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnMnnjnHDBj ssnnnnnnnnnnnnu ftH
to" the force the government employed,
but, to a , lack of public sympathy. Si
multaneously the government announces
that the regulations for the elections to
the -national assembly have been com
pleted and will Te ' published tomorrow,
arid that everything possible will be done
to accelerate the meeting- of the Douma,
in, which the voice of the nation and not
of a single class can be heard. A member
of tho Cabinet said today:
"The result of the attempt of 'the revo
lutionists to overthrow the government
by force was never for a moment In
doubt, b'ut what has occurred and what
is' occurring; we t believe, . will have a
salutary effect on public opinion. Revo
lution will go on, but It is our purpose to
confine It to peaceful channels."
Rebel Chief Admits Blonder.
The Associated Press tonight talked
with a v prominent ' revolutionary leader
who is a leading spirit In the movement
to destroy the dynasty and It3 regime
and for whom tho police are searching.
He was unable to conceal his depression,
but nevertheless he claimed that the
movement had received only a tempo
"We blundered badly." he said. We
fell into the trap Witte set for us. Em
boldened at the seeming paralysis of the
government, we proclaimed broadcast our
intention of preparing an armed revolu
tion for January or February- Wc vir
tually threw our cards on the table then.
Witte challenged and we rashly accept
ed before cither organization was per
fected or plans matured. It was all
too sudden and Ill-timed. The workmen
were worn out by the recent strikes,
and the holidays wore at hand, and, be
sides, we obtained neither active co-operation
'from the populace, on which we
had counted, nor from the troops, among
whom we know wo have support. It is
a bad reverse. Our most skillful lead
ers have been arrested and the supplies
of arms which wc laboriously collected
have been seized.
"But the situation has also Its bright
side, for It is the first time the prole
tariat has fought In the open against
the bayonets and cannon of the govern
ment. That Is a great victors'. The
government must not Hatter Itself that
it has dealt a decisive blow. We have
dedicated our lives to tho work, "We are
fighting not only for the emancipation of
Russia, but for the social revolution of
The elements are nqw fighting on tho
side of the government, as they did In
the days of Napoleon. The Northern
Winter with all Its rigor has set in and
the upper half of the Empire is locked
in snow and Ice and it would be dlfll
cult for the proletariat to build and de
rend barricades in"thc streets and fight a
"Wlntorcampalgn. In St. Petersburg to
night the temperaturo is 18 degrees be
low zero, and everywhere fires are burn
ing in the streets to keep the homeless
The attempt of "Black Hundreds" to
march into Moscow and wreak vengeance
on the revolutionaries and strikers only
tends to confirm the fears that the final
collapse of the revolt will be followed
by an awful massacre, and. although
Governor-General Doubassoff succeeded
In preventing their entry into the city to
day and will take stern measures In the
future, it will be difficult to restrain the
lower classes, who regard the rcvolu
tlonaries as enemies of the Emperor and
the country. Already rowdies are tak
ing advantage of the situation to plunder
on a large scale.
Loss of Life nt MoScow.
Governor-General Doubassoff has not
yet given the figures of the losses during
the fighting at Moscow, saying that.it is
impossible at present to more than make
a guess. However, he places the outside
limit at 30CO. The troops and police did
not suffer nearly so heavily, and It Is re
ported that up to Thursday night there
were less than 50 casualties among them
everywhere. Throughout Russia, Im
mediately on the appearance of disorders.
the authorities are declaring martial law,
making wholesale arrests and contlscat
The general strike seems to ba going to
pieces. It was declared off at Riga to
day and at Odessa It Is breaking- up, and
many railroads are resuming operations.
The result of the call for an armed up
rising In Poland tomorrow is awaited
HIS WIFE PRISONER
Wk u 1 'n' ' 1 s' ff - . .
Important in History
END OF SANGUINARY WAR
Americans Had Great Victory
VALUE OF SPOTLESS NAME
IiCsson of Trust Placed in Cleveland.
Hope of Russian Tjibcrty Hagw
Tribunal to Keep the Na
tions at Peace;
BY" ANDREW CARNEGEE.
(Copyright, 1003, by Central NeW3 & Press
NEW TORKT, Dec. 30. It gives mc great
pleasure to subscribe a brief review of the
great events, both at home and abroad,
that have transpired during the year 1005.
Since there have been few, if any, single
years ao overwhelmingly important to the
dual cause of progress and civilization as
the one now ended, it is not only a pleas
ure but a privilego to review somo of the
many vital Issues that have arisen and
been courageously met.
First, of course, in order of importance,
has been the re-establishment of peace
ful relations between Japan and Russia;
the ceasing for a time on earth of men
slaying- each other like wild beasts in
battle, which leads us to hope that the
day is not far distant when such utter
savagery is to cease forever.
Roosevelt Great Pacificator.
We can congratulate ourselves that an
American President was the great pacifi
cator; that he placed this country in its
proper attitude the advocate of peace
as becomea a great Industrial, Jntclllgent
Republic with aims-higher "thaH'Tnose of
military or naval so-called glory.
The time I3 not so long past since every
able-bodied man went armed, just as did
every tribe of standing. It i3 not so very
Ionff since war was the ordinary occupa
tion of mankind. Even contemporary his
tory recites instances where warfare was
tho only occupation worthy of gentlemen.
Only women were earnest advocates of
But we may be thankful that tho Russo
Japanese conflict, deplorable as It was.
brought vividly before the world the utter
savagery and horror of war, with the
result that a resort to arms is becoming
more and more discountenanced. And it
Is my hope and belief that the year
1005 will be recorded In history as the
date of tho last great war between the
peoples of the earth.
Tribunal to Keep Peace.
It was a pleasure to note the other day
that the Attorney-General for Great Brit
ain indorsed International arbitration as
the safest, sanest and most practical
remedy for war, In the following words:
"It used to be said, that war is the game
of Kings. Perhaps the greatest danger
to peace is that, it thero is prolonged con
troversy over some matter, however in
significant in itself, the feelings and na
tional pride of the people of each coun
try may be involved to such an extent as
to render peaceful solution difficult or Im
possible. "When national animosities have
been awakened, any spark may kindle a
conflagration. The task of the statesman
in averting war Is Immensely facilitated It
he finds ready to his hand the machin
ery" for peaceful settlement."
How many wars might Iiavo been
averted if there had always been in. exist
ence, by the common consent of nations,
such a tribunal as that of The Hague,
whose open portals invite arbitatlon? May
wo not hope, therefore, that the existence
of this great instrument of peaco may re
move occasions for war, and that nations
will more and more recognize the truth
of the weighty words of the great Scotcn
jurist who said that Kings and states
ought not to be both Judges and parties
when others can bc had?
Victories Over Corruption.
But while war has had its victories for
the Japanese tho victories of peace, which
have been won in this country, are hardly
less noteworthy as matters for which the
American people may be thankful. In
deed, there Is cause for profound congrat
ulation upon the result of recent appeals
to the people which have overthrown nu
merous corrupt gangs pursuing public life
for private plunder. Their overthrow,
their repudiation, gives us renewed faith
In democracy. And It Is worthy of recording-
that whenever the masses are
stirred by corrupt practices brought to
light, or other sins of public commission,
their verdict may be depended upon not
as an outgrowth of hysteria, but as a vin
dication of the popular conception of Jus
tice. There is nothing so salutary as the
purifying breath of public opinion. It re
quires great abuses of publfc confidence
and startling revelations to arouse It,
but, once aroused, the verdict of the peo
ple makes the axiom true .that the voice
of the people is the voice of God, In that
it demands righteous conduct.
Riches Do Not Mean Happiness.
As a corollary to this revolt, the con
science of the people has been widely
aroused to lax business standards. The
exposures which have shocked the coun
try will, let us sincerely hope, purify the
institutlons c6ncerned and Implicated. And
Mss aJi nmWaaae j
(CoBCluded oa Page 5.)