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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 8, 1905)
PAGES 37 TO 48
VOL. XXIV. ' PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY DIORyiXG, OCTOBER 8, 1905. . XO. 41.
First Black Walnut Trees Planted in Oregon
HOW WILLIAM BARLOW SENT EAST FOR THE
TUTS AND ESTABLISHED A SPLENDID GROVE
PLAN YOUR PAYMENTS
ACCORDING TO YOUR INCOME
Our idea is to make credit arrangements "with you that "will meet your particular requirements. Wc Want to
make our terms to suit your convenience, no matter liow small your income may be. 3Sow, Mr. Homeprovider
and Mrs. Housewife, that's exactly what we will do if given the opportunity. We'll surround you with home
fufnishings that you'll he proud to own, land will make it easier t6 pay for them than you ever dreamed was
possible. We'll give you.generous treatment we're noted for that. We take better care of our customers
than any other credit store in the country there's no question about it. We want TOTJR name on our books.
Credit for Everyone
Make Your Own
finished a rich, dark rosewood, upholstered in velour and silk tap
estry; regular 30.00, cut to $2.50
Carpet Department Bargains
AMBER YELYiJTS ; REGULAR $L35, THIS WEEK $1.15
FIRTH TAPESTRY BRUSSELS, $L10; THIS WEEK. ..... .S5
BRUSSELS RUGS, 8:3x10:6; REGULAR $20.00, CLOSE
OUT AT . , $16.50
SAMPLE RUGS, 36 INCHES, WORTH 75c; NOW 3o
price $20, spe
cial this sale
Others as low
Davenport Sofa Bed, exactly as shown in illustration, upholstered in
A-jl velours with best quality of springs and guaranteed to keep its
shape; back is adjustable, making a perfect, full-sized bed. Gadsby's
price this week : ; .. $22.00
Home Queen Steel Range, guaran
teed for 10 years; with reservoir
as shown $32.50
Without reservoir $27.50
Terms, $5.00 per month.
We have Cookstoves, No. S..$10
Cookstoves, No. 7, at $7.50
No. 2 Buffet, weathered oak or golden
quarter-sawed, polished, size of top
44x22; Gadsby's price $25.00
Napoleon Beds in mahogany and
quarter-sawed oak, beautiful crea
$35 to $65
COTTAGE BEDROOM Furnished complete as follows: Bed, ivory enameled, $3.50; Dresser, $15.00;
Chiffonier, $15.00; Washstand, $5.25; Rocking Chair, "$2.50 in white maple, golden ash, white
Outfit complete, $54.75 at Gadsby's.
Cottage Dining-Room Suit for light housekeeping, consisting of Sideboard, 6 Chairs and 6-foot Extension
Table; Gadsby's price ; $24.25
WILLIAM GADSBY & SONS
Corner Washington and First Streets
The Store That Does the Business
RESIDENCE OF THE L.VTE WIUUAM BARLOW. SHOWING BLACK WALNUT TREES PLANTED IN 1839.
Tub avis?UJ or ma.cz walnut trees
In front of the residence of the late
William Barlow, now the home of
Miss Mary S. Barlow, is an attractive
landmark In the southern portion of
Clackamas County. There are 33 trees In
the grove averaging 70 feet in height and
over iu feet in diameter. The largest Is
3 feet S Inches through, six feet, from the
ground, and Its spreading branches cover
an area of eOCS square feet. Its leafy
boughs extend over 40 feet from the body
of the tree and make a fernlike circular
canopy 210 feet to circumference. The
nuts are usually as well filled and are as
large as those of the Cast. The trees bear
well most seasons, and afford pleasure
and comfort to those who care for them,
both for their beauty and profit, and for
the association of 47 years connected with
Tho late William Barlow left among his
written "Reminiscences of Seventy Years"
a brief sketch of these wa'lnut trees. The
following Items of Interest are taken from
"In 1S5S, Mr. John C. Dement, of Oregon
City, went East to collect Indian "War
claims. He was requested by "William
Barlow to secure a bushel of black wal
nuts ind butternuts and to send them by
A darts' Express by way of the Isthmus.
Mr. Dement obtained them In Indiana, Mr."
Earlaw's native state, and prepaid the
charges on them to San Francisco. From
there they came direct to Oregon City by
ste&mer. thence by private conveyance to
their present habitat. Barlow.
Sprouting the Nuts.
"The entire expense was just $63. The
sack contained G63 black walnuts and ICO
butternuts. One of each kind was eaten.
tested and found preciously good, remind
ing the partakers of 'childhood's happy
day In their far-away Eastern homes.
The remaining 763 were put Into a big box
of earth and k"pt moist all Winter. By
Spring the shells had opened and tiny lit
tle white sprouts began the tale of a cen
tury and more perhaps. The sprouted
nuts were plarled In- a well-fertilized
nursery, and 7io of them shot up their
tender green, first, however, fixing for
themselves a foundation of roots three
times the height of the little trees. They
grew and grew nil Spring and Summer.
"In tho Fall of 1S58. the blrthyear of
Oregon, ICO of them were planted on eaph
side of tho 430-foot avenue, leading from
the old stage road up to the old home.
with Its long, wide double porch. Its large
pillars and low sloping roof. About 200
wero given to particular friends, and
largo trees from them are to bo seen In
many parts of the state today. The re
mainder. 510. were sold on commission by
nurserymen at a profit to the prime mover
In this venture of $300 and the highly
prized avenue at Barlow. Twenty years
ago the entire crop of nuts was sold to
Eastern Oregon farmers. Those trees are
now supplanting the mother orchard In
supplying the Portland market with good.
"In 1S70, the 23d .year of their . growth,
the Barlow trees formed a beautiful vista,
the length of the avenue lending a per
spective view and making a picture very
Southern In type.
Invasion of tho Railroad.
"But the progress of the West, which
was so forcefully projected by the advent
In that year of the first continental Iron
road of National domestic commerce, de
manded that nature give way to Its
march.. Nine large trees wore leveled to
the ground, where now tho main track
and two switches of the Southern Pacific
Railroad carry to and fro products of a
"Ben Holladay, the pioneer railroader,
refused $30 for a tree that was confiscated'
by the Iron king, and sent two flat cars
and 20 men to carry it bodily to Portland.
It now stands on what was once the Cun
ningham block. Holladay's Addition.
"Mr. and Mrs. William Barlow have
passed; a new house has risen from the
ashes of the old home for the second gen
eration; the thrifty Norwegians are fast
converting the broad fields Into small
tracts; a hundred small homes are spring
ing up over the 14C0 acres that once paid
thcJr tribute to the welfare and comfort
of bae man and his family: but with
all the changes, progressive or retrogres
sive, the walnuts planted by .William Bar
low 47 years ago still stand, and will
stand for many, many "years as monu
ments to the memory of one who made
to grow the pioneer walnuts of Oregon.
"MARY S. BARIlOW."
Rinrfl the forecolnsr was written the Bar-
low farm- has been sold. Every one who
has Journeyed between Portland and Sa
lem In daylight will recall th large,
white, comfortable locking farmhouse a
few hundred feet oast of Barlow's Sta
tion, and seen through two rows of gi
gantic walnut trees shown In the Illus
tration. Sam K. Barlow received a patent from
Andrew Johnson for the donation land
claim of Thomas McKay. September 27.
1S50, exactly 65 years prior to date of this
sale. In 1S52 William Barlow bought tend
from S. K. Barlow. In IS 51 the home was
used for barracks by the First Oregon
Volunteers, "William Barlow moved to
Oregon City that year, but returned In
1S71, after "the O. C. R. B brought the
place Into more direct communication
with cities. "William Barlow had bought
land In four sections adjacent, till at that
time he owned nearly all land on the
prairie. Afterward selling part of the
cleared Umd. he bought In two other sec
tions, and in 18S1 owned 1156 acre!.
The town of Barlow was started. In 1SS3;
and 00 acres wero sold "to 40 families. Tha
town and property is again changing
hands', the Norwegians supplanting the
Mr. Barlow died June 13. 19t. bavin?
disposed of by ,deed his holdings te his
wife, Martha A. Barlow; his sn. C. I.
Barlow, and daughter. Mary S. Barlow,
aggregating about 200 acres ineh.
Miss Barlow inherited the home plac.
and has kept up improvements in tho
same style as her predecessors. Several
times the farm has received first pre
miums for the best Improved farm.
At tho time of the sale to S. B. Berg, of
Montana, there were 134 acres left, and
land, residence, barn, tennant-house and
outhouses were transferred to him by
Mary S. Barlow for $17,500.
Guarantees the Purity of Teas
One Article of Food Vouched for by Uncle Sum.
IN these days when we hear so much
of the adulteration of foods and bev
erages It Is pleasant to know that
there Is one beverage In common dally
use the purity of which Is absolutely
guaranteed by the United States dovern
ment. Not an ounce of tea which does
not come up to a certain definite standard
of purity and quality can be sold In this
country, and in order to secure this an ex
pensive organization of examiners and ex
perts Is malntlned by Uncle Sam.
It Is natural, perhaps, that the Ameri
can Government should Mo Interested in
tea, says the New York Times. It owes its
existence to a certain historic tea party
In Boston Harbor, and It Is only common
gratitude that it should keep a kindly
eye on the Interests of the tea trade.
Its gratitude is the more striking as
the entire cost Is borne by the Govern
ment. Not a dollar of revenue is col
lected from tea. While due gratitude is
shown to the tea trade, however, the
descendants of those old Boston mer
chants who brewed the big pot of tea In
the harbor have hardly been fairly treat
ed. No tea can be Imported at Boston.
Tea Is the only article of merchandise
the quality of which Is guaranteed by
the Government. Every ounce of import
ed tea must pass the Inspection of ex
perts before it Is allowed to be landed,
and that which falls to come up to the
standard must be at once re-exported or
Is ruthlessly destroyed. Secretary Shaw
has Just appointed the board of ten ex
perts for 1003 and they have fixed tho
standards or the year.
Merchants 3Iako Up Board.
The members of this board are mer
chants and they are selected from all the
principal tea markets of the country.
They meet In New York each year, con
sider the changes In the trade during the
last 12 months and fix a set of standard
samples, which do duty for the ensuing
year. The members of the board this yoar
aro George H. Macy, of Carter, Macy &
Co., New York; George Hewlett, of New
York; A. P. Irwin, of Philadelphia;
Charles B. Piatt, of San Francisco; E. A.
Schoyer and F. Hellyer, of Chicago, and
Herbert G. "Wpodworth, of Boston.
After the samples have been established
packages of tea conforming to them are
sent to the six "tea ports." They are
New York, Chicago San Francisco, St. i
Paul, Tacoma and Honolulu, xso tea
can be Imported which does not pass ex
amination at one of these ports, and a
tea expert Is stationed as examiner at
each of them. If tea Is Imported at other
ports tho collector at the port of Im
portation must send samples of It for ex
amination to the nearest tea port and
until the report of the tea examiner Is
received he cannot allow the tea to pass
out of his possession.
This examination Ls for purity, quality
and fitness for consumption. The pro
portion of dust also ls noted and. while
the dlowance varies slightly, few teas
whlcli contain more than 10 per cent
of dus are passed. Foreign coloring mat
ter Is -igldly excluded. This can usually
be detected by the presence of scum on
top of the infusion, but In cases where
the examiner's suspicions are aroused
chemical analyses are also made.
The Interior of the tea examiner's room
resembles nothing more, or less than a
corner of the Orient. Big brass kettles
are used for boiling the water, for tea
connoisseurs declare that for some un
known reason water boiled In a brass
kettle makes better tea than that boiled
In any other way. On a clrculnr table In
ther center of the room Is an arry of
handleless cups, much like those used by
the Chinese, and all of a. standard size.
The tea Is brewed in these cup's in accord
ance with the Treasury regulations.
In each cup a quantity of tea equal In
But I'm satisfied with "Webfoot.
Beats the worl' fcf ,f owl. and. egg
An' fer downright, clever eatln
Give me China pheasant's legl
X. A. LOSO.
weight to hall dlmo is placed, and thej . KHIsboro, Or.
cup ls then filled with boiling water. It Is
allowed to stand for exactly 5 minutes
and then the examiner begins his tests.
The surface of each cup is first examined
carefully for scum, and If an undue
amount of this Is found the sample ls
rejected at once. Ii It passes the scum
test the examiner then sniffs at It to test
Its aromR, carries It to tho light to In
spect its color and then tastes it.
The tasting Is an Interesting process.
The tea expert never swallows the Infu
sion. He takes the smallest portion pos
sible, holds it In his mouth for a few
minutes, lets It flow back against the
palate, and then expels It. After each
tasting he rinses his mouth carefully
with warm water. This, It Is explained,
is necessary to prescrvo the sense of
taste unimpaired. Without such precau
tions an examiner in a short time would
be unable to distinguish tea from whisky
When all this Is finished tho liquid Is
carefully poured off and a careful " In
spection ls made of the lenvos remaining
In the cup. Search Is made for any de
cayed or spent leaves and the freshness
of the leaves Is noted. Even If the Infu
sion seems to come up to all the require
ments, the tea may be rejected because
of something discovered In the -final ex
amination of the leaves.
All this care has placed the tea trnd
of the country on a much higher piano
than before the passage of the tea law.
Before this law .was passed to protect
the people of America, they wore the vic
tims of many a wily Oriental trick. It is
alleged that much of tho tea formerly
sold In this country before the passage
of the protective lay had dono duty be
fore. John Chinaman had made one In
fusion from It and had then carefully
dried the leaves, rolled them up again
and shipped them to be consumed by" the
Another common form of fraud was the
shipment as good tea of old leaves. Only
tho young, juicy leaves of the tea plant
ar& fit for consumption, and the leaves
"which have matured too far are. of
course, a dead loss to the grower unless
he can dispose of them to some unsus
pecting customer. Even decayed leaves
were formerly found in large quantities
In what professed to be first-class "chops'
The Oriental grower, however, has not
lost all his market for this inferior stuff.
Very little tea that Is rejected by the
United States examiners ls destroyed.
Practically all of It goes to Canada or
England. There, It Is said. Is an unlim
ited market for anything that masque
rades under the name of tea, provided it
Is cheap enough. In fact, it ls said that
much of the "tea" that ls sold In the
slums of London has been used and pre
pared again for market by the Chinese
THE DEACON ON OREGON'S GAME BIRD.
I hev lived in Xndianny.
Where the lazy "Wabash flows.
An' down In or Car'Una.
Where the sweet pertatar growsl
I've sojourned down in Texas.
Where there's alius lots aC room
An I lived a year In Georgy
Srnellln" sweet magnolia bleorast
Then I came out here in 'flfty.
Eaton' camas root and game
Settled up on Dairy Creek.
Where I took me up a alaim.
I Tou can talk about or Texas
An her steer with Juley steak;
Bout your Georgy watermelons
Both of which ain't hard to take
You can brag of Indlanny
An' her famous-punkln pies;
Of Car'Una sweet pertaters
Both are rattlln good my eyes!