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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
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THE SUNDAY ORfiGOfflAff, PORTLAND, JANUARY. 14, 1900.
GoocUrospcct.'for Larger De;
mand and H&her Prices.
THE MARKET HAS A FIRM TONE
and always will ba tributary to this city,
one need not take up other possibilities
as to why Portland and Multnomah coun
ty real estate offers an absolutely safe
field for the Investment of capital.
Answering tho question relative to val
ues in UXK) compared with those in 1S90,
I will say that some localltlps can only
be described as holding- their own. In
other localities the increase haa been from
10 to 25 per cent.
DAVID S. STEARNS.
Sealers Agree Tfcat TSicre Is Jfo Bet
ter iJ'Scld ior Investment Than
Mnltncmab. Kerffc Estate.
The Oregonian mailed letters a few days
ego to leading real estate dealers In Port
land, asking their views cjn the present
condition of tho real estate market; pros
pect for larger demand and higher values;
3ultnomah county real estate as an in
vestment for capital, and values in 1903
compared with 1890.
Three answers have been received. These
show that the market has a healthy tone,
"but there is no indication of a return
to the boom prices that ruled seven or
eight years ago. As the city grows there
will be larger demand for land and better
prices. Real estate men agree that Mult
nomah county real estate, bought under
normal conditions, is as safe an invest
ment as can be found. Values are not so
Itigh as Jn 1S90 for the reason that they
tprft rJfnrrfttTiAr tnn TilcVi flipn nnfl
naturally had to come down to about what
the land was worth.
Following are the answers received:
OWXERS WILMXCr TO SELL.
Tlioy Are Heady td Let Go at Reason
The present condition of the real estate
market in Portland and Multnomah county
is peculiar in this, that, emerging now
Jrom the financial crash that took place
through the United States in 1S32, a. great
deal of property, both Improved and unim
proved. ha3 been thrown on the market
through foreclosure sales Again, very
many people try to carry properties, hop
ing to realize the old-time boom prices,
refusing to sell at reasonable figures;
with the result that property is slow of
The outlook for brisk business is much
better owing to the fact that many per
sons are now deciding to cease carrying
loads that were taken on during1 the booJa,
and are going to let their properties be
sold to others at prices that will warrant
buyers in making Investments.
- The writer, having been steadily in the
.real estate business for the past 10 years,
and having suffered bitterly with others,
would warn all holders of real estate not
to hold out for high prices, as prices were
out of all reason during the boom of
1890-92. There will be an Increased demand
for properties, but at low prices.
Many persons finding that they can now
buy properties at prices that will warrant
improving, the sale to actual occupants
will be larger this year; but there wllL
be little or no speculative purchasing.
Heal estate in Portland at the present
time offers a fine field for Investment to
shrewd and careful buyers, as there are
many properties still for sale at forced or
mortgage prices that will pay handsome
profit within the next few years.
As to values, it must be admitted that
prices rule lower in 1900 than they did dur
ing the boom year of 1S99. That there
Is much more real value to Portland city
properties now than then will be readily
'understood when it is remembered that
since 1S90 vast Improvements have been
made in and about the city, beginning with
the Madison- and Burnside-street bridges,
the completion of our magnificent -water
works system, the erection 'and comple
tion of -our splendid City Hall, the union
depot. Marquam building, finishing of the
Hotel -Portland," completion of the Orego
nian building, the Dekum, and scores of
other fine buildings, as well as the ex
tension of our street-car lines to Oregon
City, to Vancouver, to St. Johns, Mount
Scott and Mount Tabor, as well as the lines
on the West Side. Certainly the city of
Portland, with its splendid natural re
sources, its extra shipping- and transporta
tion facilities, genial climate, and occupy
t ng the position which it does, warrants
overy person in having faith in the future
ETowth and added vaIhm nf itc r.i -
?f who buy now at present low prices
n HI be well rewarded In the near future.
CHARLES K. HENRY.
COXDITIOKS ARE! HEALTHY.
LABOR MUST BE SKILLED
OREGON SHOULD IK5TRUCT HEE
OWN WOOLEN MILL EMPLOYES.
Increasing; Demand for Property In
City .and Country.
Present conditions of tho real estate
market in Portland and Multnomah coun
ty wo regard as decidedly healthy, with a
fair and increasing demand for desirable
properties, both in city and country. In
our opinion, the field offerings to investors
never were better.
As to thfe nrosnect of lara-nr dfTrmnrt nnrt
higher values, we believe it to be good,
for the reason that the demand now made
is largely due jto homeseekers from the
states east or us. as we have satisfac
tory evidence that this influx from tho
East will largely increase in the near fu
ture, it follows as a consequence that
prices must Increase in a corresponding
"Does Multnomah county real estate of
fer, a safe field for Investment, and if so,
why?" "Wo unhesitatingly answer, if
does; and as a few of the -many reasons
that might be riven will sav: T?iTt
most of the soil is unusually rich, and
produces abundant crons of nnvtntnir
t adapted to growth in this" climate; second,
Korumunu nas a population or lOO.COO, ana
us aesunea m the near future to have a
larger population, and is surely destined,
at no far-off day, to become a Teally great
city. With the county's wonderful adap
tation for the production of fruits, all
manner of berries and vegetables, which
will find a remunerative and wady market,
It goes without saying that there Is no
safer field for investment-, nt nn.cnt
I prices. Third, with the mild and salubri
ous climate of tho AYillamette valley,
neither the state of Oregon, nor, indeed,
tho world, can offer a mnro inviting fioi,?
for Investment and settlement than does
jiiuitncmah county. T
"Values In 1903 as compared with 1S90?"
To this question we reply that, In our
oninlon, values now aie fully SO per cent
lower than In 1890. The reasons for this
are at once apparent to any thinking, ob
servant mina. xne great stringency in
the money market a few years ago,
coupled with the general business depres
sion consequent upon the stringency,
easily accounts for this shrinkage in
Having intimate knowledge of the great
Mississippi fruit belt, embracing in part
several of the Eastern states, and with our
knowledge of the "Willamette valley, we
declare that, in our judgment, this valley
will compare favorably in the production
of all varieties and kinds of fruits with
mat or me iruit belt mentioned.
BRUCE & AYRES.
Felix Fremery "Would Establish t
School to- Teach Weaving:, Dyeing
and Finishing: the Products.
TAXATION A VITAL MATTER.
REALTY FIRSTLY HELD.
Pr ospective Buyers Required to Meet
iJL?'5 reai estate at no Kme in tho
laao 30 years has been so firmly held
fS . , resent ne- The period of
liquidation, covering nearly eight years,
effectually weeded out all who held their
realu-y under other than the safest of con
ditio ns. Foreclosed properties have been
mosi ly resold, largely for cash. Two years
ago the question of effecting a sale de-
icnu cu lately, u not entirely, on procur
ing: i offer. To purchase now It is neces
sary i'o meet nearly, jf not absolutely the
owners idea of value. With the coming
of prosperity, our houses .and stores filled
Tents, gradually but steadily advancing'
new r&ctories being: started on all sides'
the cc nditions are such that holders show
he utmost confidence in the future. Proof
positive of this is afforded by the large
omouniis expended for repairing old build
ings and erecting new ones during- the
From the standpoint of legitimate busl
noss, Portland never looked on a year that
gave so much nrnmlso na -iqvj -kt u
fictitious values will obtain. As' we ad
vance n j along the lines of commerce,
finance jand manufacturing, so will our
land -vd 1 hies increase. Real estate men,
bankers', and mortgage companies have
learned that fictitious values are of no
permanei it benefit, either to themselves or
to the c ty, and will in the future coun
tenance only enhanced prices according
to our pa ogress. Encouragement is given
that our people are awakening to this
The MacSMyaad Pennoyer gifts of parks!
213-JT, fifi of fountain!
VI i Tfj "Sr ' -"- -ras and oners
to the G4od Samaritan hospital buildlmr
fund, the- formation of improvement so
cleties in different parts of the city the
new board! of trade and the Manufactur
ers Association working In harmony with
the Chamber of Commerce, the successful
effort to secure a, fair share of the trans
port business, the agitation now going on
for a drydnek, a smelter, a woolen mi"l
and an assa;y office, a 30-foot channel from
Portland to the sea and a 40-foot channel
at the moudi of the Columbia, the earnest
and successful efforts of our city officials
to reduce tht cost of maintaining the city
government, the close scrutiny now given
all public ctjpenses by the Taxpayers'
league, all ,j;Ive promise that we have
learned thoaolighly that a city to be
continuously jsrosperous must do business
on business ptneips. Consequently the
prospect for larger demand and higher
prices for reaJI estate Is good.
"Does Itfultnomah county real estate
offer a safe field for Investment? -Why'"
Yes: for tho ssmn non i ,.'
WLa a?,a' taaj'. Salem, Oregon
City. The Dalles, Astoria and dozens of
other places in Oregon and "Washington
Even Jf Portlaa d is outstripped by one or
more than one of the younger and possi
bly more acti-v and more progressive
places lustily s-.rlving for first place as the
manufacturing Kind commercial metropo
lis of the Pav-ifJc Northwest, no fear
need be entertained that there will not
always be at thlj place a large and con
stantly growing city; No ono will deny
that the capitalists who harnessed the
Oregon City jails and prepared that
yast power for jt e will fail in their cn-
cvor v utilize tie power for manufac
turing purposes. ;Cven if Portland loses
part of Its coram? rce It will always re
tain its manufacturing prestige. As the
factories .increase, j so will Portland grow
Added to this the growing trade of the
Willamette valley, tWiich always has been
Assessment Has Only Vow Been
Brought Down to Proper Values.
The trouble with real estato In Port
land is high taxation, growing larger and
larger, caused by extravagance, if not
worse, in our state, county and city ad
ministrations. In this city the real estate
is burdened.with an unfair proportion of
taxes as against personal property. In
The Oregoniarr of January XL, on page 12,
I find that in 1693 the town lots and im
provements upon them were assessed for
a little over $80,000,000, the merchandise
for a little over S2.000.000. urnnov -n-oc
assessed at a little over $1,000,000. For
1S99 the assessment was: .Town lots and
improvements. aDout $21,000,000; merchan
dise, $2,400,000; money, $527,000.
Now, everybody knows that the assess
ment of $2,000,000 on merchandise Is ri
diculously low. We-ougHt to feel ashamed
to have It go out to the world that this
large city, the center of a big jobbing
trade, claimed to do over $100,000,000 "busi
ness a year, has only $2,000,000 of mer
chandise, the insurance on which is, I
believe, at least over $10,000,000. Tho
money on deposit in the national banks
alone is over S7. 000. 000. Ipnvinir nnf .,
large banks not national banks, and yet
money is assessed in 1S99 at $527,000. Hence
all is piled on the real estate, the own
ers of which are getting poorer every
year, while tho merchants and banks
wnich virtually escape taxation, havo
made lots of money, especially durinsr tha
past two years. Hence the depressed
state of real estate.
Everybody is afraid to invest in real
estate, fearing taxation, which in nu
merous Instances Is equal to confisca
tion. The assessor has been severely criti
cised for the low -assessment of town lots
In 1S99 as against 1S9S, on the ground that
property was worth not less in 1899 than
in 1S9S. This Is true enough, but the as
sessment of 1S9S of town lots was much
too high. In fact, ever since 1S93, when
the depression took place, the assessment
on town lots was much too high, and it
took the assessor just about six years to
una oux xnat nis assessment nf tnwn into
and improvements upon them, outside of
a small area of the most favorably lo
cated properties, was much too h.gh, and
more than the properties could be sold
for. Finally in 1S99 he came down to a
reasonable assessment on town lots and
improvements thereon, but left the as
sessment on merchandise about the same
-tow.'t, about $2,O00,000-w:iile he reduced
money by more than half. Tho assessor
is not to blame for what Is called his ar
bitrary reduction. It reduced itself, as
far as town lot& arc concerned, and had
reduced itself ever since 1S93, though the
uui 1-jouuu.uie assessments were knt un
Movements of Men Known
Major Charles E. KUbourne, paymaster
has been ordered to take station at San
Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Boyle for
merly of Portland, has been -ordered to
jjuuvcr, v.010., to serve as department inspector-general.
Lieutenant Thomas M. Anderson, jr.,
Thirteenth infantry, has been relieved
from duty as aid-de-camp to the com
manding general of the department 'of th
Lakes, at Chicago, and will leave New
lork January 15 on the transport Sumner
to join his regiment at Manila.
Captain L. J. Hearn, foirnerly of Van
couver barracks, and now at Washing
ton, D. C., Is ordered to start from New
YorK on January 15 in charge of recruits
Ui umia., wnere ne will join his regi
men l, the Twenty-first infantry.
n?I3Jo'J,-H' ?cker, formerly of Fort
Walla Walla, has been transferred from
the Fourth to the Sixth cavalry, and Is
ordered to duty In the department of Oal-
The war department has finally located
Captain John IC Waring, Second Infan
try, T?ho disappeared from Cuba several
weeks ago, and who has, until the last
lew days, baffled all the efforts of the
military authorities to find him. He had
been heard from at Fort Thomas, Ky.
where he was staying with his son-in-law!
arf army officer stationed at that post!
The reports "from the medical officer at
that station Indicate that Captain War
ing is in a distressing condition, physical
ly ana mentany. captain waring re
turned to Governor's Island on Tuesday
where he was admitted to the hospital
and placed under arrest Ho Is well
known in Eastern Washington, where he
served for several years.
SMITH'S DANDRUFF POMADE
Cures dandruff, Itching scalp, eczema,
stops fallinc: hair nnri mni-gc ui
Price 50 cents at alinr --- V 50rvice aro herewith pr
frA a -fiL '.. JrL druSSlst--- Sample J Manufacturers' Association
omiwi ros.. Fresno, CaL j As much as I admire tne magnanhritty of
The full text, of a letter from Felix
Flemerj', a well-known authority on in
dustrial schools, as well as on the manu
facture of woolen goods, to C. H. Mc
Isaac, secretary of the Portland Manufac
turers' Association. Ik ns follows:
As you had become awaro of the great
Interest I take in tho development of tha
woolen industry in this state, by my essay
published In Tho Oregonian on February
3, 1S99, you kindly have requested my opin
ion as to the best means for the estab
lishment of a woolen mill In the city or
It affords me great satisfaction to com
ply with your request, sincerely wishing
that my communication of today, intended
for publication, may serve to enlighten a
great many of our progressive citizens who
take interest in this Important matter, as
to the best manner of putting Into practice
the proposition of your association In this
regard. , t
I fully acrree with the views of D. A. St.
Clair, on "technical education,'' as ex
pressed a few days ago before the Com
mercial Club, and from my own. experi
ence In the woolen industry of that lrn
rtense manufacturing center of Aachen
(Aix la Chapelle), in Germany, where this
Decullar branch of human notlvltv wiw
already flourishing 12 centuries agq, under
the wise protection of Charles the Great,
as well as In other progressive industry
centers of Germany, Belgium, Franco and
England, I have come to the unalterable
conclusion that no technical Industry can
ever reach a high potenoy where the fun
damental requisition, the opportunity Tor
"technical education," Is lacking.
To judge from the fine success W.
A. SemDel has aehffex'Pfl -nt fhA Alhnnv
woolen mills, which nowadays turn out
as elecrant fahrlcs. ns nan rAisnnnhlv nr
expected in a district where skilled labor
belongs not to every day's occurrence, and
from his able essay in The Oregonian of
January 5, It appears he is a rare speci
men of superintendent, with a rich store
of practical knowledge, and with an open
oya as to future events. In Oregon In his
line of business.
The only point In his article In regard
to which our opinions differ widely, Is that
of the labor question.
If Oregon's woolen industry is deslroue
of building up a universal reputation for
Its blankets, flannels, fine fabrics of every
description, and of worsted goods, it can
not afford to pick up skilled laborers from
everv corner of thf TTn1ffrI Rfntos or nor.
haps from European countries; but Oregon
must, as an indispensable proviso, possess
her own weaving, dyeing and finishing
school, where her aspiring youth of all
classes, Dy aDie teacners, are taught aa
the interesting manipulations of this great
Industry from the sorting of the "wool to
the packing of the cloth; from the unravel
ing of samples to the composition of new
patterns, and from the figuring of the cost
price of scoured wool to that of the fin
Oregron Mills Proa-res Slowly.
We have some six or eight woolen mills
In this state; but their forwaud maTch has
Deen very slow in comparison with the
progress of Eastern and Mfddle Atlantlo
states: but as soon as the promoters of a
woolen mill in Portland can be convinced
that no lasting success can be derived
from such isolated establishments, which
have to rely upon foreign success of skilled
iaDor, tnat in .prosperous times remain
where they are, they canand. will be easi
ly converted to a cfiange of front In es
tablishing first a technical, school, to which
homogeneous elements 'fill flock' by the
hundreds, to learn some new features of
the economical households of nations,
disengaging at the same time to a' con
siderable extent the unfhealthy congestion
in many mercantile eiterprises and pro
fessions and vocatlonfi 'of the present hour.
I hopo that my modest account of per
sonal experience in tho furtherance of
the woolen industry In my native city of
Aachen will solely be attributed to the
motive of lending a helping hand in the
upbuilding of thi, same Industry In beauti
It is jrenerallr conopflAd thnf Vin for
midable strides fvhich Germany is actually
making in all of her technical fnrhetrin
to such an extint as to alarm her senior
competitors, is chiefly due to her superior
I had for a Jlong time observed that the
little kingdom of Saxony, with more than
50 weaving rchools. had, with her fine
fabrics, almf.st crushed to the wall my
own district, which was not possessed of
such an Insttutlon. but which was devour
ing the last remembrance of Its world
wide reputation of bygone times, and
where Impression ominously swung the
scepter. So I concluded that Aachen
should hnvo a weaving and industry
school, and after having for several years
indefatigably worked In this direction I
lalfl. In NnvomJior IC01 .. 1 . .
,""i -jx. my muiureu plans
before the board of trade and industries
of that city, asking for their assistance
(See trflrd annual report for 1SS1, which I
handed' over to you for verification.) My
request was generously granted, a com
mittee was appointed for performing 'the
preliminary steps, and on the 1st day of
October, 1SS.?, this Institution was opened
and since that time has been largelv in
strumental in building up in raid city a
prospeiity undreamed of 20veans ago and
in increasing tho number of inhabitants
from 100,000 to 103,CC0 and more.
One of tho foremest consuls of tho Unit
ed otates. J. C. MonnirhnTi of o.o..
Sa:cony. ' about thp. fonnrin?r n,n,i
and success of this grand establishment or
practical le-irning has manv vr0rds or
praise to express, as also sujgest'ons to
unui 10 ins countrymen. HI -re aro his
words, which, -under date of Axurust G, 189-1
were forwarded to the UniteJ 'States de
partment of state:
Aix la Clmyelle Sejrool.
''The founders of the Aix la Chapelle
school cf weaving, dyeing, and nnish-ng
saw not only the necessity, but the w'cte
and dees-reaching ibbults sure to come
from a school c-andtmturf -i iii... ,i.
mined to conduct this. It was croened in
1SS3, a little over 10 yean, I'.go. " it haa
its origin in a desire to have a technical
school devoted entirely to tl.e'let'ding in
dustry of Aix la ChapclleHthu manufac
turing of woolen cloths. I(s succs3 has
been very satisfactory. 1 Confined to
one Industry, it lias been able
to go deeper into ihat branch
than would hive been poss-ble with half
a dozen diffeient branch cm. This fact
alone has helped to make tKe school one of
tho best known In Europcj. Year afte"
j cut- 113 list ci students nan Increased, and
its graduato-3 have gone dut to find raCy
and paying employment.' The directors
have done, arc doing, an(l for the future
aro determined to dd. all In their powsi
to Increase Its usefulness; E-estlcs'pnor-gy
has marked the efforts of its friends
to get for It the every best teache-TH and
'teachers' helps.' Thes.j efforts resulted
in the establishment In 1.391 of a complete
working sjstem for spinning, weaving
and finishing, differing ;In no department
or detail from what oie finds In well
equipped and well-reirrlated factories.
Aided by the state (Prussia), the.cl.y, the
province, and the union of Aachen, the
committee built, at a cost of 5CO.000 marks,
a. scnooi sucn as few ciiues possesM.
"Divisions. There are three dhislons.
First, soinninr and -A'cavinc-: ccoi-ri fin"
Ishing, and, third, dyeing. Thcoiy and
practice are included In the plan of c tudies.
So successful has been the latto that
students from this school have selc-om to
wait long for a position after gradua ting."
It is such a woolen mill as described by
Consul Monaghan and which I com uived
TO years ago for the benefit of my Jionio
industry that I wished to see establish ;d at
Portland, aid to reach this, nfl mv hrvf
services are herewith proffered to the-
J. W. Cook in donating a- tract of seven
acres of land for the site of a technical
school at Album, aa much I must regret
that this land is unsuitable for the nut
pose of establishing a woolen mill, unless
some means could be devised for Its loco
motion to the Crystal Springs farm, ownoa
by the Ladd estate, and where a dozen or
so springs of the purest water conceivable
and unsurpasslngly adapted for wool
scouring' and cloth-washing, pour forth
their uncounted thousands of gallons a
uuy, ana tnese valuable liquids, collecting
in a small river, flow quickly to its
mouth, near Milwaukle, to bo emptied in
the Willamette stream, with no other
profit derived from them than the water
ing of a dozen of thirsty cows or sheep,
grazing round about their course, while
by the construction of a flume a hundred
fold horsepower could be developed as
ii.ui.ivn power lor a scouring-miu or a ca
pacity of from 10.000 to 20.000 nounds of
crude wool a day. and with sufficient
clear water left to wash as many thou
sand pieces of cloth per annum.
Oregon has to fulfill, her mission! Never
again will a better opportunity be offered
to this state than by the open doOr of
Asia, and I ltnow for sure her plucky com
mercial men aro able to recognize a good
thing when they see it.
CHARACTER OF FILIPINOS
TRAIT3 ATTD HAUNTS OF THE MAIVY
Cobn Islanders Mnrdcred Bnrnoaa,
Magellan's Sncccssor Extracts
From "Philippine Islands."
NEED OF A STOCK MARKET
Chicago Man Points Out an Indus
C N. Thompson, a prominent cattle
buyer of Chicago, who is registered at
me Jt-eritins, thinks one of Portland's
greatest needs Is a stock market, where
cattle, sheep and hogs could bo sent from
all portions of the Northwest to meet
competitive buyers. "A stockbuyer now,"
r. Thompson says, "has not central
point in this portion of the country where
he can view livestock on sale, and so he
Is obliged to travel all over each of tho
states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho and
Montana, hunting bunches hero and
there, at an expense that must be de
ducted from the price paid for tho stock.
"There Is no other city of Portland's
size In the United States without a large
stocKyard, and many of less than one
fourth its population are wrell supplied
In this respect. Farmers and stockmen
tributary to such centers are enabled
to sell their stock quickly at the going
mpirket rates, and buyers from every
where know where to tro In looking- for
"I do not mean that the city should
furnish the yards. They can be started as
a private investment. A four-acre tract,
just outside the city, where the busi
ness would annoy nobody, Is all that Is
needed to begin. Of course, the yards
should have rail facilities, so that cars
could be switched to and from all of the
railroads centering In Portland. Sheds,
separate corrals and fodder should be
provided, so tho stock could be kept in
condition at small expense while await
ing sale and reshipment to distant points.
"Portland is naturally one of the great
livestock centers Of the eonntrv. nnrl n.
time advances the Industry will become
more marked. The city is a natural re
ceiving point as regards the Interior, and
a natural shipping iint eastward over
several continental lines, to say nothing
of the growing trade across the Pacific
ocean. Why some one has not started
a free-to-all stock market before this is
something I can see no reason for."
President Taylor, o the Chamber o
Commerce, Makes Appointments.
President Taylor, of the Chamber of
Commerce, has appointed the following
committees to serve for 1900-1901. The
apnolntees have been renuesterl to mnct
and select fhe chairmen of their commit
tees. The by-laws Drovlde for the Pac
tion of chairmen in this manner,. It does
not follow, therefore, tthat because of the
arrangement of the names given below,
the first-named will be chairman:
Rivers, harbors and navigation W. S.
Slbson, A. Tucker, W. D. Wheelwright, F.
Public Improvements and manufac
tures S. M. Mears, W. B. Ayer, M. Zan,
Sof Hlrsch, H. W. Goode.
Mining and mineral resources, smelter
and assay office J. F. Batchelder, A. H.
Devers, H. Wittenberg.
Grain standards W. J. Burns, W. S.
Slbson, P. Kerr, A. F. Thane, T. B.
Wilcox, R. Kennedy, C. W. Tracy.
Auditing J. C. Ainsworth, Alexander
Kunz, Charles Hegele.
Oriental trade H. W. Scott, W. M.
Ladd, W. B. Ayer, T. B. Wilcox, A. L.
Drydock C. F. Beeae. E. T. wminmn
Frank L. Zimmermann.
Permanent exhibit J. F. Batchelder,
H. Wittenberg, R. Livingstone.
The transportation committee remains
as before, viz.: L. A. Lewis. "W. A Tvr-ira
T. D. Honeyman, George S. Mann, George
Lawrence, jr., P. Wessinger, S. M. Mears,
A. H. Devers, Charles F. Beebe, J. F.
O'Shea. H. Wlttcnberc-. "R. 1? PmM at
Zan, J. H. Spadone, Sam Connell, W. HT
jaenarreii, 1. J.ang, xi. Jiaftn, 1. N.
Flcischner, J. Lowenart and L. Blu
mauer. 0 !
SUSPECTED SNEAK THIEF.
William Wilson Awaiting: an Accuser
at the City Jail.
Tho following extracts, taken from
Forman's "Philippine Islands," will tend
to show the real character of the Filipino.
The natives whom Magellan met in Min
danao in 1521 showed rrroat frlfnrtHnPSS n
did also the natives of Cebu Island. After
tho death of Magellan, Duarte de Barbosa,
who succeeded to the command of tne
expedition, and 2G of hl3 followers were
killed at a banquet to which they had
been invited by Hamabar, king of Cebu.
Prior to the assassination of Barbosa ana
his men, the Cebu natives had acccptea
the Christian religion from Magellan,
Tho practice of the natives in dealins
with the Spanish was much like the deal
ings of American Indians with the ear;y
settlers In New England. They woula
make splemn peace compacts In blooa
and break them whnn thv ttioncVif .
could carry their point.
Tho Aetas or Negritos are a mountain
tribe, to be found heie and there over the
whole group of Islands. They are dark
peopie, some Demg as black as Afncan
negroes. They are of a spiritless and
cowardly nature, and will not face a white
man on even terms In war, though known
to send a quiverful of arrows at a retreat
ing foe. Their religion Is a kind of cos
molatry and spirit worship. They deify
anything that, in their Imao-lnnHon Vn;
supernatural appearance. Even when more
or leea aomesucatea the Negrito cannot
be trusted to'do anvth ntr tnnt ronni-n,- o
effort" of judgment. The Negritos were
once the sole masters of Luzon, and ex
ercised selgnioral rlKhts over tho Tan-n-
logs. The arrival of the Tagalogs in largo
number, and of the Spaniards drove them
to the mountains. The tribe Is now rap
The Gaddanes occupy the northwest part
of Luzon, and are entirely out of tho
pale of civilization. They are the only
warlike and aggressive nomads of the
north. They aro very cruel.
The Itavis live south of the Gaddanes.
They are not so fierce as the Gaddanes.
When they assault neighboring tribes It
la more from a desire to retaliate than
because of a love of bloodshed.
Tho Igorrotes spread over a considerable
portion of Luzon between irv. anr 15
grees north latitude. They cannot ba
forced or persuaded to embrace the West
ern system of civilization. Murders aro
common with them, and If a member of
a family group is killed, that family
avenges Itself on one of the murderer's
kinsmen. In the province of La Isabela,
the Negrito and Igorrote tribes keep a
regular debtor and creditor account of tho
heads they cut off. They despise and
1 The Igorrote-Chinose are a mixture of
Chinese and Igorrote. In them the fierce
nature of .Igorrote Is blended with the
cunning and astuteness of the Mongol.
The Tlnguianes inhabit principally the
district of El Abra. By rellg'on they are
pagans, but have no temples. Their gods
are niaaen m mountain cavities. The Tm
guianes are by no means savages, nor
strangers to domestic life, and they have
laws of their own.
The Moros extend over the whole of
Mindanao Island and the sultanate of Sulu,
which comprises Sulu and 140 other islands-,
80 to 90 of which are inhabited. The
Sulu Islanders are of quick perception,
audacious, extremely sober, ready to prom
ise everything and do nothing; vindictive,
aim nigniy suspicious of a strangers in
tentions. Longsufferlng .in adversity,
hesitating in attack, and the hra-rosf of
tho brave in defense. They disdain work
as degrading, and only nt ror slaves, but
warfare Is an, honorable calling with them.
They are wonderfully expert navigators,
and travel as far as Borneo and Singa
pore in boats not exceeding seven tons
burden. Slavery exists among them in the
most ample sense. They possess slaves
who are slaves by birth, and others who
are slaves by conquest, such as prisoners
of war, Insolvent debtors, and those seized
by piratical expeditions to other islands.
Agriculture is pursued by them In a very
The domesticated native is fond of
gambling, profligate, lavish In promises,
but lax in the extreme In the fulfillment
of them. He never makes a clean breast
of any faults he has committed. An
act of generosity or a voluntary eonenscfon
Is by him accepted as a sign of weakness.
He is the biggest liar on earth. Even the
best class of natives neither appreciate
ndr feel grateful for a spontaneous trirt.
The lowest classes never g.ve to each other
a cent'3 worth. They are void of all feel
ing of magnanimity, and do not under
stand chivalry towards a weak or fallen
foe. With the majority, no number of
years of genial Intercourse without ma
terial profit will arouse in the native breast
a perceptible sympathy for the white
race. The V'saya native exhibits a frigid
stoicism. He bears his own misfortunes
unmoved, and would look with solemn in
difference upon another in Imminent dan
ger. Mathers teach their children to re
gard Europeans as demoniacal being3. The
Filipino has no attachment for any oc
cupation In particular. Today he will bo
SWmw H3L.9 IT Tfl 0
fr If s a Sure Shot
If s a Money-Saver
for you . . .
Will commence tomorrow morning and will
continue until every vestige of our HEAVY
WEIGHT WOOLENS has been disposed of.
REDUCTIONS WILL AVERAG
And must be seen to be fully appreciated.
Owing to the mild weather our stock is
almost unbroken, which gives you the pick
of this season's patterns.
You know from past experience we
never carry goods over, but close out all
goods on hand at end of season, at aston
ishingly low prices. Our cash methods er
ables us to do this. ,
Full dress suits a specialty. )
Sec our stock of fancy vestfngs.
AH work made in this city by best jour, tailors
Samples mailed; garments expressed.
Satisfaction guaranteed in all cases.
108 Third St., Near Washington
natural environment In the two races
crossed. Hence the peculiar qualities of
a Chinese balfbreed are preserved In suc
ceeding generations, while the Spanish
halfcaste has merged Into the conditions
of his enviornment.
ILWACO-PUGET, SOUND CANAL
Reasons Why It Cannot Be Deemed
ASTORIA, Jan. 12. (To the Editor.) If
a canal was made from "WHIapa bay to
the Columbia river, near Ilwnrn. and
from Gray's harbor to TVlllapa bay, from
urays naruor to .fuget sound, near Big
BKooKum, mis wouia not cost much, and
be very practicable. Steamboats then
could leave the wharf at Portland and land
at any wharf on Puget sound. My claim
is that it would be a grand thing for
Portland. If you will kindly comment
on this as you see fit, you will confer a
favor. a. J.
William Wilson is th namfi lvrn w -
. . - y ' 1 uuijamm in parucuiar. Today ne tvlu b
slender vdukst man. whom (Ifflrvp Pnin 1 .. i-- , . J . "" .
i j 1 .v. . , , I . ut lUB pow; tomorrow a coachman, col-
Li lnfthvf,clty Pon last evening, sus- lect0r of accounts, valet or sailor; or he
;7 "; "?,- ", rTC :r n "V.T,r1J.BUaeny renounce social trammels
- -"WW. uutlwill.U tta kUU 4AJAU WliU QU1U
a stolen overcoat to a second-hand dealer
yestorday afternoon a short time after the
garment was abstracted from the Port
land library. When the officer found hirn,
Wilson was trying to rell an umbrella, and
as five umbrellas had been repostcd stolon
from Cd&vrry Presbyterian church the
irght before, the police were on tho look
cut for timbrellae.
Wilson &ays he Is a barber by trrde, J
orct tnat, r.e only arrived from Tacoma
Thursday. Tie has succeeded in making
himself known to the police in a shorter
time than he hai.1 anticipated.
In regard to tho stolen overcoat, ho at
itr..t ;Kncw nothing, but when confronted
v.ith the seccr.d-hand dealer to whom ho
had sold it, he could not help owning up,
and riht hre is where that rascally
"third party" came in. Wilson had ben
given the ccat by th'a third party to soli,
but, as usual, this elusive individual, who
is always getting innocent young men into
trouble, had vanished, like the "bailees
fabric of a vision,' which the detectives
think he really Is Yilson's case will come
UP inf Judge Henncssy's court tomorrow,
and he will be given a 'chance to show
cause why he should not be convicted of
larceny, in the meantime, the umbrella
with a patch on it. awaits Identification.
'r -C v - 1 BrCi -t Ha I
f fny lonftrtpp -... rn I.... .!. m ... .
... ...v;o vu.tjttuimuiuju., j.ne native is
indolent in tho extrems. He feigns friend
ship, but has no loyalty in practicing It.
He Is daring on the spur of the moment,
but falls In resolution 'f he reflects on
tho danger. If familiarity is permitted to
him there is no limit to his audacity.
Tho Tagalog Is docile, but he keenly re
sents an Injustice.
Lying Is not considered a sin by him.
but, on the contrary, Is justifiable if any
thing I3 to be gained.
Tne nitive Is contremacious to all
bidding, ko averse to socal order that
ho can be ruled only by coercion or by
tho demonstration of force.
The natives have no idea of onrnnn.
tlon on a largo scale, hence a successful
insurrection is not possible with them.
Under good Europcrn officers they make
excellent soldiers, but if their leader fa.ls
they bscome utterly demoralized. There
jb nothing they delight in more than pil-
jacc, destruction ana Diooashed, and when
once they become masters of the situation
in a fight, there '3 no limit to their greed
and savage cruelty.
The increase of energy merged into the
Filipino nature by blood mixture from
Europe lasts only to the second genera-
nuii. r, 11.1c nie cuuot remains ror several
generations wnen there is a
there is a similarity of
A navigable waterway could be opened
without difficulty, though the cost would
be somewhat heavy, from Ilwaco to Wll
lapa bay, thence to Gray's harbor, thence
up the Chehalls river to the confluence of
Black river, and up Black river to the head
of Black lake, within three and one-half
miles of Olympla. There a high ridge in
tervenes between Black lake and Budd's
inlet (Puget sound). Black lake, though
so near Puget sound, discharges Into the
Chehalls river. It lies In a basin of con
siderable extent, separated at all points
from the waters of Puget sound by a high
lidge or wall of hills. It would be very
costly work to cut through this rim.
ridge or wall at any point. Black lake
lies probably ICO feet above the waters of
Puget sound, and it may be doubted
whether any place could be found for a
canal between the lake and the Sound that
would not require a cut of at least 250
feet The formation Is clay, rock and ce
ment gravel. The cost of the work, from
Ilwaco Into Pugot sound, including the
deep excavation and the great locks that
would be Kaulred at the northern end.
would make It practically impossible. Tho
bay called Big Skookum Is entirely out
of reach. So are Little Skookum and
Oy3tcr bays. It might perhaps be as easy
1 to open a canal from Black lako to Mud
bay as from Black lake to the Olympla
bay, or even easier. Only careful surveys
could determine that. But the whole pro
ject may be set down as Impracticable on
account of the cost, to which the profits
of transport could bear no proportion.
At the regular meeting last Friday even
ing of Mount Hood Council. No. 283, tho
following officers were Installed for the
ensuing year by Frank Hotter, (senate
ueputy or tne .National Union:
President. H. D. Kilham. vice-prtetdent.
E. O. Mattern: speaker. Frank Iottr;
ex-president, R. L. Taft; secretary S B
HadriH; financial secretary, R. I Eckex
son; treasurer, Dr. S. E. Joseph, c'lan
laln, W. T. Bodley; usher. L. N. JLumark,
Senreant-at-Rrm9 Tfl R Wnn?nl ilnnr-
keeper. D. W. Ross; trustees C. H. Gay-
joru. t. a. Aiouemt. A. Jfeppath.
Charity in London.
London is chnrltv-mart. Alrunva n (t-w
. prone to beg on every pretext, the war
nas Deen taiten as an excuse to work th3 I
public to an extent almost unprccdcnad.
jurat came tne ioru mayors, or mins'on-
house. fund for the henaflf nf th- nrnh-m-
and widows of soldiers killed In the Trans
vaal. It was popular from the start, and
now amounts to 300,000, or nearly ?l,C0O,-
uw. au this money came from clubs, so
cieties, business firms and private ind!
Saved From the Sen.
The annual report of the llfesaving' serv
ice shows that some splendid work has j
been done by the establishment at Its 265
stations uurmg tne year. According to
the report, the number of disasters to
documented vessels within the field of!
tne operations of tne service during the :
year was 423. xnere rere on Doaru tneso
vessels 3S03 persons, of whom 3S4T waro
saved, and ot lost.
I will guarantee
that my Rheumatism
Cure win reltev lum
bagot sciatica and all
rheumatic palna Is
two or three hours,
and cure in a law:
At all drugsiats,
25e. a viol. Quids
to Health, and medi
cal advice free.
1306 Arch at. Phfla.
DR. SIMM'S SPECIFIC
FOR WHOOPING COUGH
A certain relief and cure.
50 cents at all druggists.
Woodard, Clarke & Co., ChcoBfeis
Asrenta, Portland, Or.
is known all over the world. It will be found in
almost every family medicine chest.
For half a century
Dyspepsia, indigestion, Constipation,
Liver and Kidney Trouble, Fever
and Ague, and Malaria.
It has never failed to cure we don't believe
it can fail.
Sold by all druggists and dealers generally.
Seehat a Private Revenue Stomp is over the
top of the bottle.
TWENTY YEARS OF SUCCESS
In the treatment of ch ronlc diseases, such as live?,
kidney and stomach dlsor ders, constipation, diarrhoea.
dropsical swellings. Brig ht's disease, etc.
KIDNEY AND URINARY
Complaints, painful, difficult, too frequent, miOcy tf
U4WWUJ .HW WU4M ViAJWiOrAjiCai ilCCUU CLLXQU
DISEASES OF THE RECTUM
Such aa nlles. fistula, fisaura. iilrnrntlnn mnmn
bloody discharges, cured without the knifo. paJa ca
DISEASES OF MEN
Blood poison, gteet. strictura, unnatural Ioaaea. to
potency, thoroughly cured. No failures. Cures grmr-
- 1 1 -m - an:eeu.
TCYtTKCi rC.fT rntlMrt TCltVs nttrht emissions. Hmsmt nThnnoHnv 4mtn kn.V.
fulness, aversion to society, which deprive you of your" manhood, trNFITS YOU
FOR BUSINESS OR MARRIAGE.
MIDDLE-AGED MEN who from -excesses and strains have lost their MANIiX
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, painful, bloody urine,
Gleet. Stricture, enlarged prostate, Sexual Debility, Varicocele. Hydrocele. Kidney
and Liver troubles, cured WITHOUT MERCURY AND OTHER POISONOUS
DRUGS. Catarrh and Rheumatism CURED.
D?. Walker's methods aro regular and se'entifle. He uses no patent nostrums
or ready-mado preparations, but cures the disease by thorough medical treatment.
trnllht TJ1TTP.VTS n-n-rmA nf- VtnmA TM .nM.nLi- ti ?.. j,
plain envelope Consultation free and acredly confidential. Call on or addresa
Doctor Walker, 132 First St., Corner Alder, Portland Or