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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
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f TWENTY-FOUR PAGES f
PAGES 1 TO 12
VOL. XIX. NO. 3.
PORTLAND, 'OREGON,, SUNDAY MOKNItfG? JANUARY 21, 1900.
PEICE FIVE CENTS.
British and Boers Met Near
RESULT IS UNDECIDED
The Struggle Will Be Resumed
UNLESS DUTCH HAVE RETREATED
"Wfcrren'a Force Pushing Its Way to
the Besieged City Casualties
"Were Not BIcavy.
LONDON, Jan 2L The -war office short
ly after midnight posted the following dis
patch from General Buller, dated Spear
man's camp, January 20, evening:
"General Clery, "with a part of General
"Warren's force, has been in action from
6 A. M. till 7 P. M. today. By a judicious
use of his artillery he has fought his way
up, capturing ridge after ridge for about
"The troops are now bivouacking on the
ground he has gained, but the main force
is still in front of them.
'The casualties were not heavy. About
100 wounded had been brought In hy 6:30
P M. The number of Wiled lias not yet
It is evident from General Buller's dis
patch to the war office and the advices
to the Associated Press from Spearman's
camp that a biff battle is now being
fought. As far as can be gathered from
these dispatches, the result remains unde
cided, and unless the Boers withdraw dur
ing the night, the engagement on which
3)angs the fate of Ladysmlth, and which
may prove the turning point of the whole
war, will be resumed this morning.
PROGRESS OF THE BATTLE.
Brigades of Lyttleton and Warren
Are Engaged With the Boers.
SPEARMAN'S CAMP. Jan. 20. il:15 A. j
fX The .firing of field guns, was hearaJ
eariy cms morning, on meieii, jBivmwmy
General Watrennfes-commeneed the bom
bardment of the "Boer trenches on Taban- A
mjana mountain. There was also brier
Among the prisoners captured Thursday
wras a grandson-ln-law of President
Evening Che Boer trenches were shelled
continually today. General Lyttleton's
brigade advanced and occupied a kopje
2000 yards from the.' Boer position at
Brakfontein. A company of xlfles ad
vanced with a balloon in action, and was
received wJth a heavy fire from the Boers.
The artillery and musketry Are con
txues from General "barren's position.
The enemy lias not shifted Its position at
the time this dispatch is sent, and shells
have set fire to the grass.
Lord Dundonald's force Thursday sur
prised 850 Boers. The British, who were
pagted on a kopje, allowed the Boers to
advance leisurely before opening fire. The
Boers did not reply, and a majority of
them galloped off. It is reported that the
Anxious Says for Ladysmilh.
LADYSMITH, Jan. 20, via Spearman's
Camp The enemy have placed In position
new guns, throwing eight-nch shells, and
have been bombarding more vigorously for
the last few days, .although little damage
has been done. Three of the British have
feeen wounded. The troops are jubilant
over General BuHer's successful advance.
His gurs can be heard distinctly, and the
bursting of shells can he plainly seen.
CROSSING OP THE TUGELA.
Tie British. Movement As Seen From
a Boer Position.
BCER HEADQUARTERS, Upper Tu
gela, Tuesday, Jan. 1(5, via Lourenco Mar
ques, Friday, Jan. 19 (afternoon). It be
came known today that 300 English had
crossed the Pont drift over the great Tu
gela and were on the federal side. A dis
play zn force had "been made toward Co
lenso and another forward toward Oli
ver's Hoeck bridge, which was blown up
by us a few days ago.
Toward 5 o'clook the alarm was given
that the English were coming. The look
pi.s observed long successive lines of in-fa-try
moving down to the new British
pes tion, a brush-covered chain of hills,
Joicwn as Zwariskop. Their forces -were
sometimes lost in the trees studding th'e
river bank. At 6 o'clock they emerged in
.open order and advanced in two lines
to the low kopjes on the river hank. At
6 SO they took up a position amid com
plete science on the Boer side, their horses
tethered where there was the least danger
from chance shells, and the men pre
pared to make a night of it at their posts.
Night had now fallen. "With the gloom
came fitful flashes of lightning from the
tfcurder clouds, which had been threaten
ing all day. The clouds eventually sep
arated, showing the moon. Simultaneous
ly with the clearing of the sky, well
kfown Dutch hymns were repeated from
korje to kopje, with a strangely weird ef
fect, highly Inspiring both to the grey
bfr ards and the beardless youths.
The battle He'd Is full of historical slg
r "3ance. Splonkop hill, whence I am
jiw writing, was a hill from which the
Boer trekkers, after crossing the Drakens
fcurg mountains, spied out the then bar
PRETORIA Friday, Jan. 39. The Brit.
Jsh troops this morning were still cross
ire the Tugela and taking up positions.
A battle Is expected shortly.
THE SORTHWARD 3IARCH.
Ladysmltli Can Hold Oat Until Buller
LONDON, Jan. 20. Telegrams from the
t ror.t indicate' that the northward masch
? the relief column moving towards
Ladysmlth is proceeding steadily. Au
thorities here seem satisfied that General
Buller's forces are within sight of Lady
emlth. The besieged ilace is safe at pres
ent from serious attack.
Advices from Cape Town say that Lord
Roberts has -appointed. Lord Stanley,
member of parliament for East Lanca
shire and formerly member of the Grena
dier guards, to be press censor.
Prince Francis of Teck has gone to the
front The Duke of Marlborough, In his
capacity as a staff officer, left for South
Africa today. The duchess and her
mother, Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, accom
panied him as far as Southampton. The
duchess will not, however, go -with her
husband to the Cape.. The duke does not
take a large retinue of servants to the
iront with him, as has frequently been
Intimated, but is accompanied only by
"There is every indication that a big
fight for the western roads (leading to
Ladysmlth) will take place "today," writes
the London Leader's military critic In the
Issue of today (Saturday), "though It may
have hegun yesterday. All the artillery
of Generals "Warren and Hildyard was not
across the drifts yesterday, and the am
munition train and most of the heavier
guns were probably then south of the Tu
gela. These indications, as well as Gen
eral "Warren's longer march, point to the
Berious effort being made today."
The Morning Post's war critic says:
"Sir Charles "Warren's intention is to turn
the right flank of the Boers, presumably
those facing General Lyttleton, but wheth--er
he proposes o attack that flank, as he
MAP OF THE
&& vjf W vVPv "5?
7 m sr n j? j
Tho battle fought yesterday between, the English and the Dutch occurred at a point be
tween Dewdrop and the crossing of the Tugela, marked by the lines on the above map. Bul
ler's forces started from Cheveley and Frere, and are marching toward Lad smith in a round
about way, so as to avoid: the Boers' fortified positions in the vicinity of Colenso.
would by descending the valley of Blaau- '
hank Spruit, or to march right round it Dy
the valley of Sand river, can hardly jet ,
be determined. The fighting, when it '
comes, may be expected to be heavy and
continuous, and the losses may be severe.
Far from their base at Cheveley, with the
river behind' them, and with the enemy in
large -numbers, between them and Lady- J
smith, the position of the' British forces
Is not an easy one."
The war office is coming in for consider
able criticism for Tef using" to accept of
fers of private houses for the reception
of the wounded from South Africa. This
patriotic movement has been snubbed by
the curt reply that the wounded would be
retained in the hospitals until they were
able to dispense with nursing.
The war office has made public a brief
report from Lord Roberts, under today's
date, saying In substance that General
French has extended his line to the east,
further threatening the Boer lines of com
munication. Knmrann Prisoners at Pretoria.
PRETORIA, Friday, Jan. 19. Captain
Bates Dennlson and 135 prisoners of the
Kuruman garrison have arrived here. It
appears that six Boers were killed and 18
were wounded during the fighting at
SAILING OF VOLUNTEERS..
The Second Detachment of London
Troops Left for the Cape Yesterday.
LONDON, Ja. 20. The departure of the
second detachment of the London volun
teers for South Africa this morning led to
a repetition of the scenes of enthusiasm
of last Saturday morning along the whole
route from "Wellington barracks to Nine
Elms street. The Londoners commenced
assembling before daybreak, headed by
several bands, and the volunteers, num
bering 700 men, left the barracks at 7:45,
marching in fours. For a time the people
contented themselves with cheering, and
the column advanced In good order until
It reached Great George street, where the
friends, wives and sweethearts of the men
Insisted on Joining them and marching
arm in arm. Thus, in the midst of con
stantly Increasing enthusiasm, the volun
teers finally reached the station at 9:30.
where the Duke, of Connaught, the -lord
mayor, sheriffs and other military and
clvia dignitaries had assembled. The vol
unteers were rapidly entrained for South
ampton, and steamed away to the strains
.of "Auld Lang Syne" and "God Save the
Queen." Large crowds met the volunteers
at Southampton and gave them a ringing
send-off as they embarked.
Boers Leaving Colcsburg.
BENSBERG, Friday, Jan. 19. A gentle
man who has escaped from Colesburg
reports that the Dutch inhabitants, who
are sympathizers with the Boers, are pro
ceeding to the Orange Free State, in. an
ticipation of the evacuation of the town.
Mr. Vanderwalt, member of the Cape
assembly, has already gone. The Boer
force there Is estimated to number from
5000 to 7000 men, besides a strong force
at Norval's PruiL British shells did
much execution eastward of the town.
The Boer loss up to date In that vicinity
is probably 200 men. Carefully compiled
figures Irom republican sources, some of J
which have been Investigated and found
to be correct, show that the total Boer
losses up to date are approximately 6425
men, including 2000 casualties during the
siege of Ladysmlth.
Mncrum Has Letters.
BOMB, Jan. 20. Charles E. Macrum,
ex-United States consul at Pretoria, who
left Lourenco Marques December 18 and
landed at Naples last Thursday, has ar
rived here. Ho refused to he interviewed.
LONDON, Jan. 2L A special dispatch
from Rome, received this morning, differs
from previous statements that Mr. Ma
crum refused to be interviewed, and says:
"Mr. Macrum, who arrived here yester
day (Saturday), denies he left his post
owing to a disagreement with President
Kruger and State Secretary Reltz. He
says he has a letter from President Kru
ger to President McKinley, and also a
message to President Loubel, but no mis
sion beyond delivering them."
Prominent Passengers on Transport.
SOUTHAMPTON. Jan. 20. The trans
port KInfauns Castle, with the Duke of
Marlborough, Rudyard 'Kipling, BaTonesb
Burdett-Coutts. Admiral Frederick A.
Maxse and many army officers on board,
hound for South Africa, sailed today. j
Reports of the Committee That
Investigated Roberts Case.
HOW TO EXCLUDE THE MORMON
I Majority Favors Keeping Him Out
( Hnflwlv. MlnnrttvWnTifn TTfm Ail
xnittcd and Then Expelled.
"WASHINGTON", Jan. 20. Reports of the
special committee of investigation in tho
case of Brigham H. Roberts, of Utah,
were presented to the house today.
The majority report, signed by Chair
man Tayler and six of his associates, Is
a voluminous document, and is accom
panied by a summary of the law and facts.
It gives the details of the hearing and
ample opportunities afforded Mr. Roberts
to present his case, hie refusal to testify
SEAT OF WAR
-and the unanimous, findings of facts here
tofoie published. It proceeds:
"The committee Is unanimous In Its be
lief that Mr. Roberts ought not to remain
a member of the house o representatives.
A majority is of the opinion that he ought
not to be-permltted to become a member;
that the house has the right to exclude
him. A minority Is of the opinion that
tho proper course of procedure Is to permit
him to be sworn in and) then expel him
bv a. two-thirds vrntp under thA oonstltii-
i." i ,. ,, .j. .j i-i -""1
''Your committee7 desires to assert with
the utmost posltlveness at this point that
not only Is the proposition of expulsion,
as 'applied to this case, against precedent,
but that exclusion Is entirely in accora
with principle, authority and legislative
precedent, and not "antagonistic to any
legislative action -which the house of rep
resentatives has ever tak.en. For con
venlence we present herewith, before pro
ceeding to extended argument in support
of the committee's resolution, the follow
"Upon the facts stated, the majority or
the committee asserts that the claimant
ought not to be permitted to take a seat
In the house of representatives, and that
the seat to which he was elected ought
to be declared vacant.
"The minority, on the other hand, as
serts that he ought to be sworn in. In
order that, if happily there Is a two-thirda
vote therefor, he may be expelled.
"Three distinct grounds of d squatifica
tion are asserted against Roberts:
"First By reason of his violation of the
"Second By reason of his notorious and
defiant violation of the law of the land, of
the decisions of the supreme court and ot
the proclamations of the presidents, hold
ing himself above the law and not amen
able to It No government could possibly
exist in the face of such practices. He is
in open war against the laws and Institu
tions of the country, whose congress he
seeks to enter. Such an idea is intoler
able. It Is upon the principle asserted
in this ground that all cases of exclusion
have been based.
"Third His election as representative Is
an explicit and offensive violation of th6
understanding by which Utah was admit
ted as a state.
Letter and Spirit of the Law.
"The objection is made to the refusal
to admit Roberts that the constitution ex
cludes the idea that any objection can be
made to his coming in If he Is 25 years
old. if he has been seven years a citizen
of the United States, and was an Inhab
itant of Utah when elected, no matter how
odious or treasonable or criminal may
have been his life and practices. To this
"First That the language of the consti
tutional provision, the history of Its fram
ing in the constitutional convention, and
Its context clearly show that It cannot be
construed to prevent dlsQualiflcatlon for
"Second That the overwhelming author
ity of text-book writers on the constitution
Is to the effect that such disqualification
may be imposed by the house, and no com
mentator on the constitution specifically
"Third The courts of several of tho
states, in construing analagous provisions,
have with practical unanimity declared
against such narrow construction of such
"Fourth The house of representatives
has never denied that it had the right to
exclude a member-elect, even when he had
the three constitutional provisions.
"Fifth In many Instances It has dis
tinctly asserted its right so to do In cases
of disloyalty and crime.
"Sixth It passed in 1S62 the test-oath
act, which imposed a real and substantial
disqualification for membership in con
greas, disqualifying hundreds of thou
sands of American citizens. It remained
in force for 20 years, and thousands or
members of congress were compelled to
take the oath It required.
"Seventh The house, in 1SG9, adopted a
general rule of order providing that no
person should be sworn in as a member
against Tvhom the objection was made th it
he wa? not entitled to take the test oath,
and if upon Investigation such fact ap.
peared, he was to be permanently debarred
"Eighth The interesting proposition is
made that the claim? nt be sworn in and
then turned out. Upon the theory that the
purpose is to permanently part company
with Roberts, this is a dubious .proceeding.
Such action requires the vote of two-thirds
of the members. "We ask If such a v6te is
possible or right, in view of the follow
"The expulsion clause of the constitu
tion Is as follows: 'Each house may de
termine thet rules cf its proceedings, pun
ish Its members for disorderly behavior,
and, with the concurrence of two-thirds,
expel a member.'
"No lawyer can read that provision with
out raising in his own mind the question
whether the house has any power to expel
except for some cause relating to the con
test. The ablest' lawyers from the be
ginning of the republic have so insisted
and their reasoning has been so cogent
that these propositions are established,
"First Neither house of congress has
ever .expelled a member for acts unie
lated.,to him as a member or Inconsistent
with his public duty as such- J
"Second Both houses have many times
refused to expel when the guilt of the
member was apparent, where the. refusal
to expel was put upon the ground that the
house or senate, as the case might be, had
no 'right toexpel for an act unrelated to
the member as such, or because it was
committed prior to his election."
Strong "Language Against Roberts.
The full report of the committee elab
orates the summaries, and In some parts
uses strong language against Roberts. As
to his plural marriages, Itsays:
"Prior to 18S2, B. H. Roberts had mar
ried one Louisa Smith. She has borne
him six children, and Is still living- About
1S85, when Utah was fairly ringing with
the blows of the Edmunds act of 1SS2;
while numerous prosecutions were going
on and after the supreme court had passed
upon the validity of the act; when the,
American people supposed polygamy had
received its death blow; when no man of
the many whose cases went to the United
'States supreme court pretended the pro
visions against polygamous marriages
were invalid, with all these facts insist
ently before him, Brigham H. v Roberts
took another .wife, his first polygamous
wife Celia Dibble, by name, who, in the
following 12 years, bore him six children.
"This second wife he married in defiance
of the Edmunds law. He spat upo'n the
law; he declared by his act that he rec
ognized no binding rule upon him of a
law of congress; he declared by it that he
recognized a higher law. The congress
of the United States was to him an ob
ject ,of contempt. The supreme court of
the United States might declare the law
for others, but not for him. He laughed
at its futile decrees and spurned Its ad
monitions. The executive, which had de
clared In solemn messages its gratifica
tion that polygamy seemed gone forever,
he defied and despised. Of what conse
quence to him were laws of congress and
declarations of the highest court and
proclamations of presidents and his sen
sual Interpretation of a sensual doctrine.
And all the time the Edmunds law de
clared not only polygamy, but cohabita
tion with more than one woman unlawful.
Roberts not only bigamously married a
second wife, but he persisted In violating
and defiantly trampling under foot every
other provision of the act.
"But he had not yet sufficiently pro
claimed his utter contempt for the su
preme court, for congress and its most
solemn enactments A few years later
he took a third wife. From the time of
his second marriage to the third he co
habited with two women. From the date
of his thjrd marriage down to his election,
and, we doubt not, to the present time,
he has been cohabiting with three women.
As recently as December 6, 1899; he de
nned nis position as rouowsr
c.-JThrse-reemSnJ(liavfestood bv- "me.The"
areiroodsand true women. Th'e law has
said I shall part from them. My church
has bowed to the command of congress
and relinquished the practice of plural
marriages. But the law cannot free me
from obligations assumed before it spoke.
No power can "do that. Even were the
church that sanctioned these marriages
and performed the ceremonies to turn Its
back upon us and say the marriages are
not valid now and that I must give these
good, and loyal women up, I'll be damned
If I would.'
"In this statement he adheres to the
audacious assumption that the law of 1S82,
did not speak to him and that he did not
recognize it as a rule of conduct to, him.
"We assert before the house, tha country
and history that it is absolutely and Jm
pregnably sound, not to be effectively at
tacked, consonant with every legislative
precedent, In harmony with the law and
with the text-books on the subject.
"That B. H. Roberts' persistent, noto
rious and defiant violation of one of the
most solemn acts ever passed by congress,
by the very body which he seeks now to
enter, on the theory that he Is above the
law, and his defiant violations of the laws
of his own state necessarily render him
ineligible, disqualified, unfit and unworthy,
to be a member of the house of repre
sentatives. And this proposition is as
serted, not so much for reasons personal
to the membership of the house as because
it goes to the very Integrity of the house
and the republic as such."
Duty of the House.
The majority report concludes as fol
"If there Is any fact apparent in this
case, it is that the constituents of Roberta
knew all about him before his election.
Can there be room to doubt the proper
action of the house? Is it prepared to
yield up this salutary power of exclusion?
Will It declare Itself defenseless and ridic
ulous? "Nor are those who assert that expul
slon Is a remedy necessarily barred from
voting for a resolution declaring the seat
vacant. He must. Indeed, be technical
and narrow In his construction of this
constitution who will not admit that If a
vote to declare the seat vacant Is sus
tained by a two-thirds majority, the con
stitution Is substantially complied with.
He may not agree with the committee
that a mere majority can exclude, but he
can reserve the right to make a point
of order that the resolution is not carried
if two-thirds do not vote for it.
"If the house takes the action which
a minority of the committee insists It
ought to take, it will for the first timejln
Its history part with the most beneficent
power which it has often exercised, a
power that ought rarely to be exercised,
but which the house has never declared
It did not possess. Mindful of the gravity
of the question, and realizing the respon
sibility Imposed upon us, we recommend
the adoption of the following resolution: '
" 'Resolved, That under the facts and
circumstances of this casa, Brigham H.
Roberts, representative-elect from the
state of Utah, ought not to have, or hold,
a seat In the house of representatives, and
that"the seat to wh'ch.he was elected Is
hereby declared vacant.'
"Robert "W. Tayler, Charles W. LandiS,
Page .Morris, Romeo H. Freer, Smith Mc
Pherson, Samuel L. Lanham, Robert "W.
The Minority Report.
The minority report' says:
"The undersigned memoers of the spe
cial committee appointed to Investigate
and report on the prima facie final right
of Brigham H. Roberts to a seat in the'
house as the representative from Utah, be
ing unable to agree with the conclusions
of the committee as to the constitutional
questions Involved, very respectfully sub
mit our views:
"Assuming that Mr. Roberts had been
and Is now a polygamist, unlawfully co
habiting with plural wives, and the house
of representatives is -fof , that reason of
the opinion that he otignt not to be a
member thereof, what course should it
rightfully pursue under the constitution,
the supremo law of the iftiid exclude him
-(Concluded oh Tkird Pace.)
Great Arthritic and
IN HIS ErGHTY-FIRST YEAR
SUctcn o the Author's Career and a
List o His Contributions to
LONDON, Jan." 20. John Ruskln died
this afternoon ofMrilluenza, aged 81 years.
He was born In London, February 8, 1819.
His taste for art was early manifested,
and after graduating at Oxford he studied
under Harding ' and 'Fielding. From the
study of painting he took up that of ar
chitecture. His first work, "Modern Paint
ers,'" was written in 1843-60. His other
wetfrknown works are "The Seven Lamps
of Architecture," "Stories of Venlcer"
"Lectures on Architecture and Paintlngy
IWTMnmtn t4 T"Wi TIT
02JIOIAt;m.3 LJJLj, J-Cfc "MI
Of "Wild Olives," "Sesame and Lilies,"
"Ethics of the Dust," "Queen of- the Air,"
"The King and the Golde'n RIVer," "The
Eagle's 'Nest," ''Prosperina," "Love's
MeinIe,"-"Fors Clavigera," "Val d' Arno,"
"Pleasures of England," "Mornings In
Florence," "St.-Mark's Rest," "Arrows of
Rusliln in Literature..
It is not given to every man to date an
epoch front himself, to turn aside old con
ceptions, and to swing the whole current
of thought 'into a new channel. The epoch-making
men are few-in any century;
they themselves seldom realize the value
of the work they are doing, and the public
recognizes it perhaps last .of all. Each
one of them, as he appears, undergoes the
usual misunderstanding at the hands of
both friends and foes. There ''are asser
tions and denials, attacks and defenses,
adulation and abuse; "until at last It has
passed Into a proverb that a man cannot
be summed up justly by contemporary
thought. Perhaps no one in the 19th
century has suffered so much from mis
understanding and indiscriminate criticism
as John Ruskin. The world persists In
considering him only as an art critic;
while he himself thought his best endeavor
to have been In the field of political econ
omy. It is not Impossible that both of
these conclusions are wide of the mark.
One may venture to think that his great
est service to mankind has been his reve
lations of the beauties of nature; and
that his enduring fame will rest upon no
theories of art or of human well-being, but
upon his masterful handling of the English
language. "Whatever feature of his activ
ity maybe thought the best, it cannot
be denied that he has been a powerful
force in many departments: a prophet
with a denunciatory and enunciatory
creed, a leader who has counted his fol
lowers by ihe thousands, a writer who
has left a deeper stamp upon the language
than almofet any Englishman of this cent
ury. Mr. Ruskln tells us that his literary
work was, "always done as quietly and
methodically as a piece of tapestry. I
knevv exactly what I had got to say, put
the words, firmly in their places like so
many stftchest hemmed the edges of chap
ters round with what seemed to me grace
ful flourishes, and touched them finally
with my cunnlngest points of color.1' His
poems are all youthful and of small conse
quence. His prose is marked by two styles.
The first Is dramatic, vehement, rhetor
ical, full of Imagery, some over-exuberance
of language and long-drawn sen
tences. This is the style of "Modern
Painters" and the "Seven Lamps." After
1860, when he took up political writing, he
strove for more simplicity; and his "Fors
Clavigera" is an excellent example of his
more moderate style. But he never at
tained reserve either In thinking nr in
writing. It was not In his temperament.
He had almost everything else purity,
elasticity, dramatic force, wit, passion,
imagination, nobility. In addition, his vo
cabulary was almost limitless, his rhythm
and flow of sentences almost endless his
brilliancy in illustration, description and
argument almost exhaustless. Indeed, his
facility in language has been fatal only
too often to hi3 logic and philosophy.
"Words and their limpid flow ran away
with his sobriety, lusciousness in illustra
tion 'and heaped-up imagery led him Into
rambling; sentences, and the long, rever
"b'eratinc, roll of numbers at the close of
rhls chapters often smacks of the theater.
Alliteration and assonance, the use of the
adjective In description, the antithesis in
argument, the climax In dramatic effect
all these Mr. Ruskln has understood and
used with powerful effort
Expect a Volcanic Eacnption.
SAN DD3GO, Cal , Jan. 20 A letter
from Strawberry valley, near Hemet.
Riverside county, where tho recent earth
quake was heavy, says that smoko and
steam aire pouring from between tho
rocks and boulders of the basin of Mount
Taquitz, and that the people of that sec
tion are looking for an eruption of the
big volcano of hundreds of years ago.
It Issaid th&t ever since the shake the
morning of December 25 the whole moun
tain has been in a state of quiver, and
that by night and by day the rumbling
Is being heard and the trembling plainly
.q a "
AMERICANS WERE AMBUSHED
Pack Train Attacked liy Filipinos,
"With. Some Loss.
MANILA, Jan. 21, 1 A. M. Thursday, a
; pack train escorted by 50 men of company
tC, Thirtieth Infantry. Lieutenant Ralston
commanding, was' ambushed by Insurgents
near Llpa, province of Laguna, and two
i Americans were killed, four wounded and
nine axe missing. The Insurgents fired
three vollevs at close range, and the escort
was obliged to retreat after killing 15 of
the Insurgents. Several animals of the
pack train were killed and 'their packs
General Otis' Account of It.
"WASHINGTON, Jan. 20 The first un
toward happening In the highly success
ful campaign now going on In Luzon is
announced In the following cablegram
from Gerferal Otis:
"Manila, Jan. 20. A pack train of 20
ponies, transporting rations between
Santo Tomas and San Pablo, Laguna
province, escorted by 50 men under Lieu-
tpnnnt "Rnlotnn TVfi.Mnfri vti)tv trnci1
-! AkUrlVVtlf kJ
iirsTjjv ffer-jys r'm jj!""! - g -
-JiWQ men' were
killed. fivf wniinrfPfl nnrl n!n nm miss-
ing. The pack train was lost. Lieutenant
Ralston and 34 men returned to Santo I of the delegation have previously agreed
Tomas with the killed and wounded. The upon appointments of Oregon men, but It
affair Is being Investigated. I Is also recalled that Governor Lord was
"Captain Doret, of the Fifth infantry, I appointed solely upon Simon's recommen
found some insurgents In the Batangas , datlon, none of the other members joining
mountains prepared In ambush to meet
him. He killed eight, .wounded three and
captured 17 Filipinos "and one Spaniard,
and six rifles. His casualties were two
men slightly wounded."
Scindia Goes to Guam and Manila.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 20. The trans
port and collier Sclndia sailed today for
Manila, via Guam, with S00O tons of
freight, including 5000 tons of coal for
Guam. She has also a large boiler on
board for Guam and a set of tubes for
the Montgomery's boiler.
The Sclndia has 100 apprentice bova. all
of whom were sent here from tho v.nzt
and who are to be distributed among the
fleet at Manila.
She carries a crew of
GENERAL ANDERSON RETIRED
General "Wade Now in Command of
the Department of the Lakes.
CHICAGO, Jan. 20. Brigadier-General
Thomas M. Anderson, commander of the
department of the Lakes, has been re
lieved from active service, under, regula
tions which require army officers to be
retired at 51 General James "Wade, com
mander of the department of the Dako-
tas, has been assigned to assume com
mand. (General Anderson is well known in
Portland. For 10 years he was stationed
at the neighboring post of Vancouver bar
racks as colonel of the Fourteenth In
fantry, going from there to the Philip
pines, where he was promoted to the rank
of major-general of volunteers. General
Andersons first military service was as a
& ,. an Io reStaient, in April,
1S61. Three weeks later he was commls-
sioned lieutenant in the Second cavalry,
was soon transierrea io tne miantry, ana
has since been with that branch of the
Voted Down a Resolution of Sympa
thy With the Boers.
INDIANAPOLIS. Ind.. Jan. 20 The
convention of tho United Mineworkers of
Ame'rica today voted down two important
resolutions. The Tlrst one provided that
hereafter all national conventions be held
in mining towns. The second was one
sympathizing with the Boers of Sou.h
Africa. A free-silver resolution was ta
bled. A resolution favoring weekly pay
ment of wages was voted down.
Ryan, of the scale committee, filed his
report and the scale proposition was de
bated. Ohio miners have demanded an
Increase of 20 cents per ton; West Vir
ginia, 15 cents; Illinois, 15 cents: Penn
sylvania averages 15 cents; Indiana, 15
and 20 cents.
John Mitchell denied officially today the
report that he Is a candidate for the posi
tion now held by ex-President Ratchford
on the national Industrial commission.
Will Accompany- Randall.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. Captain Willis
P. Richardson. Eighth Infantry, and First
Lieutenant Howard R. Hlkok, Ninth cav
alry, have heen ordered to this city. They
will accompany Colonel George M. Ran
dall, Eighth Infantry, to Alaska, Cap
tain Richardson as acting adjutant-general
of the department, and Lieutenant
Hlkok ag aid-de-camp to Colonel Randall.
Trentlse on Bubonic Plague.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. An interesting
and valuable brochure, giving a complete
history of the bubonic plague, together
with means which have been adopted for
Its prevention, has been prepared and
made public by Surgeon-General Wyman,
of the marine hospital service.
Hepburn Believes the House
Will Pass the Canal BilL
HENDERSON PROBABLY FRIENDLY
Practically No Opposition Among
Congressman to the aieasure The
"WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. Representative
Hepburn, who reported the Nicaragua
canal bill in the house, is confident of
passing that measure in that body, whteb.
has alwajs been the place where the bill
has been held up. Hepburn has consider
able confidence In the rulings of Speaker
Henderson on the subject. He says ha
may get a special order if it Is necestary
but he does not think it will be. Under
the rules of the house there Is what Is
known as a call of committees, and he
thinks that Speaker Henderson will hold
that the Nicaragua canal bill ie eligible,
for consideration under this rule, whteh
is something that Reed never would al
low. Hepburn say3 he can find but little op
position In the house to the bill, but. on
the contrary, he finds that its strength
is greater than ever before. He has been,
assured of practically every Southern
vote, and none save a few men has In
timated any Intention of opposing the
Hepburn says that It Is useless to ralsa
the quession of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty
now upon this project. That treaty wa3
made at the time that England and tha
United States were equals on the sea, and
was for the purpose of preventing other
nations obtaining a direct route to tho
East. Since then, England ha3 abandoned
her right and has violated the treaty In
other respects, and consequently It Is
terminated. Unless the friends of the
canal bill are very much mistaken, there
is better prospect of it passing now than
The Alaska Collectornhlp.
The selection of a collector to succeed
Ivey in the Alaska district is still held
In abeyance, and It Is unaerstood awaits
such representation as Senator McBrkia
desires to make to tho president. There
Is considerable feeling engendered over
the matter in the Oregon delegation. Mc
Bride and the house members feel that
they should have been consulted before
any recommendation was made by Senator'
Simon. On the other hand. Senator Simon
says that notwithstanding this appoint
ment has been given for many years to
Oregon men, it was In no sense an Oregon
appointment, and it was promised to hkn
a long time ago by the president, without
any suggestion as to having the Oregon
delegation agree upon it. That was whn
the charges were first made against Ivey.
Afterwards, when Ivey came here and It
became apparent that there should b a
vacancy, the matter waa again taKen P(
between the president and Senator Sim'
and, in, accordance with tha promote
rHHvftiT - - -rnuflo. RSrtatrir Slmnn " ratadjStthm-t
r "?. .... .
I There Is talk about how the members
One Vacancy In the House.
According to the records of the house.,
there is at present only one vacancy in
that body, caused by the resignation of
Governor Smith, of Maryland. There have
been a number of vacancies by deaths,,
which have been filled. Those who have
died are: DIngley of Maine, Greene of Ne
braska, Baird of Mar v land. Bland of Mis-
sourl, Danford of Ohio, Ermentrout
and Settle of Kentucky.
Reed of Maine, and Hooker of New York.
have resigned, and these vacancies have
also been filled. Sherman has not re-
signed, and does not Intend to. The story
that he was to accept the secretaryship
of the senate was a part of the Mind
guesswork that often occurs In Washing
ton. The status of Roberts and Wheeler ia
peculiar. Roberts Is a member-eleet and
recognized as such, and up "to the time
congress met drew his salary on tho
certificate of the clerk of the house. Since
that time he has drawn no salary, as the
speaker refused to certify his pay ac
count. Wheeler never presented hlq pay
certificates to the sergeant-at-arms from
the time he was first appointed In the
army. There is no vacancy In his case,
nor is there. a vacancy in the case of
! Roberts, as the house has not so declared
But it la known that Roberts will not
bo seated, and It Is doubtful if Wheeler
would be, should he present himself.
Printing of Census Reports.
The printing of the census reports will
be done at the government printing office,
which employs union printers. The fight
in the committee was over the proposition
v,a riipSptnr tn -hmr rh worv anna hv
c0ntract, to which the unlou printers ob
jected, fearing that It would go to soma
b-g noRuni0n office. The government
printing office won as against the census
Jones' Pro-Boer Vle-ws.
Congressman Jones has notified the New
York representatives of the Boers that
he will serve as a vice-president at the
mass meeting January 23, at Grand Central
Palace, New York. He sajs In his letter
"Because a man assists me when in dis
tress is no reason why I should assist
him in burglarizing the house of my neigh
bor or of his neighbor.'
This Is to Illustrate his view of what
should be the attitude of the United States
Seattle Pulllc Building.
The supervising architect of the treas
ury department believes Seattle should
have a Jl.OOO.OOO public building, and will
recommend that not less than $775,000 or
JS0O.0OO be expended.
Congressman Jones states that Surgeon
General Sternberg admits Vancouver Is the
best site for a convalescent military hos
pital, but will oppose any hospital what
ever, either at Puget sound or at Van
couver, as in his judgment It is unnecs
sary. BATTLE WITH YAQUIS.
Mexicans Defeated the Rebels, Kill
ing 200 and Captnrlnjr GUO.
NOGALES, Ariz , Jan. 20 New3 was re
ceived from tho south this morning that
General Lorenzo Torres had engaged, the
Yaquls at Macoyata on Thursday, kilHng
over 200 and taking 500 prisoners. Father
Beltran and several sisters of charity who
have been held as prisoners of war by
the Yaquls for the last six months wera
rescued by the victorious Mexican troops
and are now with General Torres. It is
expected that this last Important victory
of General Torres will have the effect of
scattering the YaquLi and will result In
ending the war.