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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 28, 1922)
THE MORNING OREGONJAN, FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1922
DISCOVERER' OF MONSTER TWIN SUNS AND TELESCOPE THROUGH WHICH HE PICKED
MR. COPLEY FlUS
Movement to Prevent Seat
ing On at Capital.
EAST AND SOUTH ROUSED
Denial of Seat to Any Exponent
- of Race or Religions Big
, otry Believed Possible.
THE ORBGONIANXEWS BUREAU,
Washington, D. C, July 27. Con
stituencies throughout the United
States which are inclined to elect
Ku Klux Klan candidates to cither
branch of congress wilt do well to
ponder before proceeding to that
end, according to rumors which are
flying thick around the national
Already an underground move
ment is on to pr&vent the seating
of Earle B. Mayfield, who looks like
the almost certain choice of Texas
voters as United States senator to
succeed Charles A. Culberson. Ene
mies of the Ku K1ux Klan move
ment have dug up a court decision
holding that the Ku Kluz Klan oath
is in contravention of the consti
tution of the United States.
Recent revelations of the unex
pected strength of the Ku Klux
Klan in Texas and Oregon have
aroused both the east and the south.
Iis said that pressure will be
brought in. both parties to compel
the unseating of any Ku Klux Klan
tner sent either to the senate or
house. In the republican party the
negro voter, who holds the balance
of power in several states, is of
course bitter against the Klan.
The Irish, who cast a large vote
in the democratic party in the east,
are lust as nuch against it, and are
able to get about what they want
from that party in such pivotal
states as New York, New Jersey,
Connecticut and Massachusetts.
There is not a state in the east
which the democratic party could
carry at any time without the Irish
vote, which is identified to a pre
ponderant degree with a religion at
which the Ku Klux Klan movement
is definitely aimed.
The Jewish vote is divided be
tween both parties, but possibly
aligned with the republicans more
than with the democrats. There are
several states in which the Jewish
vote could defeat any party which
permitted itself to be dominated by
the advocates of race and religious
Such influences, it is said, can
be brought to bear on enough sen
ators to force the denial of a seat
in either branch of congress to
any man sent to Washington as
the exponent of religious or race
bigotry. - i
RELIGIOUS JKOWS TARGET
(Continued From Firat Pa? e. )
der the moral obligation to vote
for Codding as a result of promises
made at the last state convention.
Hanford MacNider, national com
mander of the legion, will be here
all day Friday, instead of Saturday,
as was the original plan, it was
Mr. MacNider will arrive from the
Idaho convention at 5 A. M. Friday.
He will speak to delegates and vis
itors at 10 o'clock in the convention
hall. At ,11 o'clock he will address
the legion auxiliary at the Elks'
temple. At 12 o'clock, following a
band concert at the temple, Mr. Mac
Nider will give a public address.
In the afternoon he will again speak
to the delegates, and he will leave
about 4 o'clock, either by train or
by auto, lor Hood River.
Exhibitions 'of fancy diving were
aTlven at the dip during the late aft
ernoon, with "Happy" Kuhn and
Neil Hide in the stellar roles. A
uniformed military ball, held in the
auditorium dancing pavilion, topped
ell the day.
Auxiliary. Lacks Quorum.
At the morning session of the
legion auxiliary, which opened its
second annual convention today, an
Insufficient number of delegates
waa in attendance to make up
quorum. Only 29 out of the 61 units
in the state were represented, it
was found after a check. Accord-1
Ins to the constitution, 40 units are
necessary to make uj a quorum.
The morning session was accord
ingly adjourned until 1:30, by which
time a sufficient number of addi
tional representatives was present
to make up a quorum.
Only about 600 legionnaires at
tended the opening session this
morning, when Mayor Stadelman
and Circuit Judge "Wilson extended
the welcome of the community to
the visitors. -The registration had
increased to 750 this afternoon, how
ever, and it was expected that the
1000 mark would be passed tonight.
In Wis address Mayor Stadelman
read a note from Chief of Police
Heater, which stated that expert
burglars had entered, the city jail
between midnight last week and
this morning and removed all the
locks. It would take at least a
week to fix them, the mayor said.
Judge Wilson added that his court
would be one of egress and not
one of ingress, during the conven
City Give Key.
Commander Goodell presided this
morning and accepted the gold key
to the city, which was presented bj
the mayor. The mayor thanked
legionaires for holding their con
vention here and pointed out that
it -was significant that it was be
ing held in the new civic auditor
ium, which was erected as a memor
ial to Wasco county soldiers who
fought in the world war.
Commander Goodell responded
for the legion and Mrs. W. A. Elvers
for the legion auxiliary. A num
ber of suggestions, which he hoped
might be passed upon at the pres
ent convention, were made by Mr
Goodell when he took the floor
again. He recommended that all
past commanders of the state de
partment be made delegates at
large to the national convention
and said that never In the state'
history would there be more than
60 of these.
He further advised that it be
made a rule that no man holding a
political office in the state, either
elective or appointive, outside of
municipal positions, be permitted
to hold office In the state depart
ment or the legion.
Prisoners to Work on Roads.
EUGENE, Or., July 27. (Special.)
Prisoners in the Lane county jail
hereafter will be turned over to the
county roadmaster for work on the
publio roads and other county proj
ects. tire county court has decided.
An allowance of $2 a day will be ap
plied on the fine of each man who
Is serving the fine in jail. A five
day reduction vrill also- be made on
each 3j-day sentence.
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U. S. Investigator Says Ger
many Can'i Pay Now.
2-YEAR RESPITE URGED
n sii! lit n
HUGE SUNS NEARLY OBSCURE
FROM HUMAN VISIBILITY.
Revealed Binary Is Analyzed by
Means of Spectroscope and
-Results Given to World.
(Continued From First Page.
I It 'France Insists on Reparations
World Must Suffer, Believes
AURORA, I1L, July 27. (By the
Aeeoclated Press. )i Representative
Ira- C Copley of this city, who has
just returned from an extended eco
nomic survey of Europe for the
United States government, favors a
moratorium on international obliga
tions, he said today.
"No man after visiting the towns
or villages of Prance," said Mr.
Copley, "can question France's moral
right to great reparations. But if
, France were to get that wnica she
asks it would bring about the eco
nomic collapse of the - civilized
Moratorium Held JTeeeenlty.
Mr. Copley said that the first step
necessary to restore prosperity to
the United States and the world wae
an agreement to a moratorium of at
least two years.
He declared himself satisfied that
France, in the economic interests of
the world, must reduce its demands
for reparations to actual costs of
repairs, which he figures at l,0OU
O0O.W0 to 150O,0'0'&,00. If France
should insist on the payment of the
$54,000,000,000 awarded by the Ver
sailles peace treaty, Germany would
be compelled to continue on its
I lowered standard of living and this
would bring about a lower standard
in the United Statee and over the
entire world to meet the competition
of the German workmen, Mr. Copley
German Labor Paid 30 Cents Day.
"So Isng as Germany must pay
the tremendous reparations France
demands," said the congressman.
"Germany will have to flood the
world's markets with her goods to
raise the money. And to win the
world's markets, she' must sell her
goods at a lower figure than those
of the country to which she sends
her products. .
"To produce her goods at the re-
Quired vastly lesser cost, Germany
must pay her workers a very low
wage. They are getting on the av
erage of about 30 cents a day in
gold, the Frenchman about $2 and
the Briton about the same."
During his tour, which lasted al-
1 most three months, Mr. Copley vis
ited Great Britain, Germany, France
Austria, Italy, Hungary, Switzer
land, Czecho-Slovakia and Belgium
SILVERSIDES ARE TAKEN
which will add definite, positive
knowledge of the structure and con
stitution of the universe the fun
damental, 20th century astronomical
Photographic Work Important.
'The whole of the regular work
with this telescope and most others
is photographic The light- of the
star focused on the narrow slit of
the spectroscope is spread out into
a multi-colored spectrum, which is
generally crossed by numerous dark
lines, and when photographed on a
sensitive plate, a permanent record I
cf the lines is obtained. Only very
large telescopes can be used effec
tively for spectroscopic observation
of faint stars and that is one of the
reasons the 72-inch is principally
devoted to that work.
"The astronomers at this observa
tory are giving a considerable por
tion of their time to this phase, and
have now made a notable contribu
tion to knowledge along this line,
perhaps at present the most impor
Plankett Star Revealed. '
It' was when the light from this
ordinary looking star was analyzed
by the spectroscope that its unique
properties were revealed.
The first spectrum was photo-
fraphed on December 16, 1921. This
showed it to be of a rare class, not
only of the -very hottest but .of the
most massive. Examination of this
and subsequent spectra, about 30 in
till, showed that many of the lines
due to hydrogen and helium were
not single, as is ordinarily the case.
but were double a sure indication
that instead of being one star, it
consisted of two stars too close to
gether to be separated byany telescope.
Spectroscope Details System.
"Merely from the quality of the
light coming from it," said Dr. Plas
kett," with the aid of the spectro
scope we have been able to deduce
these principal facts:
The system, which is 10,000 light
years away, consists ..of two enor
mous suns, each at a temperature
of about 30,000 degrees Fahrenheit,
revolving around one another at a
distance of about 55,000,000 miles at
speeds of 128 and 154 miles a second,
respectively, in about 14.4 days. The
trighter, heavier and slower of the
two stars is nearly 20 times the
diameter'of our sun, more than 76
times as massive and 15,000 times
Mass of Star Extraordinary.
'The fainter, lighter and faster
moving star is about 18 times the
diameter of our sun and more than
63 times as heavy and 12,000 times
as bright. The star is especially re
markable for its enormous mass,
about four times as great as any
previously determined. It is also
much brighter than any known star
in the sky. Our sun sinks to in
significance beside it. The second
brightest known star, Rigel, is 'only
half the brightness ot this pair."
Astronomy, according to the doc
tor, is no longer the comparatively
simple science of lvv years ago,
when observations were entirely
visual. It has become the most
highly organized of the sciences.
Exhaustive Study Necessary.
Exhaustive study is necessary of
the individual stars of the system of
which our sun is a obmparatively
insignificant member. This appar
ently endless and hopeless task, as
there are probably 1000 million stars
in the universe, of which only about
bOOO have been attacked, neverthe
less already has resulted in consid
erable knowledge "of our surround
ings in space.
"And we may be certain that
there are as many opportunities for
individual effort jand success in as-
Photos by F. G. Goodenough, Victoria, B. C.
Above JDr. J. S. Plaskett standing beneath great 72-lnch telescope, second
largest In world, at Victoria observatory. Below Dr. Plaskett.
tronomy In the present and for the
future as there have been in the
past," said Dr. Plaskett.
DRIVER HELD BLAMELESS
Motorcyclists Killed on State
Highway Rode Recklessly.
HILLSBORO, Or., July 27. (Spe
cial.) Arthur . H. Grltzmaoher, 28,
and Fred Bishop, 40, both of Orenco,
who were killed Sunday when a
motorcycle they were riding crashed
into a state highway truck, were
held, by a coroner's jury here to
day, to have met death unavoidably.
A. H. Benson, driver of the truck.
and B. C. Marritt and C. . M. Ingle,
other occupants, testified that the
motorcyclists were on the wrong
side of the road and traveling at a
high rate of speed. ' r
Gritzmacher was hurled into the
truck and was killed -instantly.
Bishop died at 11 o'clock Sunday
night. The accident took place at
Witch Hazel, three miles from HiUs
CDDLIDEE CPUS WtfT
TRIP TO COAST TO START
WITHIN FEW DAYS.
EUGENE WANTS SESSION
Bid to Be Made for 1925 Meet of
Oddfellows' Fun Order. ' "
EUGENE, Or., July 27. (Special.)
Eugene will make a bid for the
Oriental Order of Humility and Per
fection, a fun branch of the Inde
pendent Order of Oddfellows. Plans
for a campaign to obtain this big
convention will be made at a meet
ing at Springfield Saturday night.
The supreme orient will meet at
Providence, R. I., August 10, 11 and
12, and delegates will be sent from
here to extend the invitation to meet
in Eugene in 1925.
Rail Merger Is Indorsed.
LA GRANDE, Or, July 27. (Spe
cial.) At a mass meeting of citi
zens of La Grande and Union county
a resolution was adopted placing
the section represented squarely be
hind th proposed merger of .the
Union Pacific and Central Pacific
railroads. A copy of the resolution
Is being sent to the interstate com
merce commission. Among the
speakers laying before the large
audience the case of interior Oregon
were Oswald West, ex-governor, and
William Hanley of Ontario.
8. & H. green stamps ror cash.
Holman Fuel Co., coal and wood.
Broadway 6368: 560-21. Adv.
1 Summer prices on coal. Phone Dia
mond Coal Co., Bdwy. 3087. Adv.
Vice-President and Family Ex
pect to Spend Several Days in
Portland and Salem. .
THE OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU,
Washington, D. C, July 27. Calvin
Coclidge, vice-president of the
United States, leaves tomorrow for
New England and from there, will
depart in a few days on a journey
to the Pacific coast which will take
him to San Francisco and Portland
and probably to Seattle. He will
speak before the American Bar as
sociation at San Francisco August
10 and expects to reach Portland
, At Portland he will make the
longest stop of the trip, three or
four days. He said today that he
was looking forward with the keen.
est pleasure to his visit at Portland
and at the suggestion of Senator
McNary said his sightseeing in Ore
gon 'Will Include a motor trip to
Salem.- The vice-president's interest
In Salem is that it was founded by
New England missionaries and that
one' ot his ancestors was a pioneer
resident or the town.
The vice-president will be accom
panied by Mrs. Coolidge, their two
sons, John and Calvin II, and Mr.
and Mrs. Frank W. Stearns of
My Upstairs Plan
of Economic Merchandising
I claim' to be the first successful Upstairs
Clothier in Portland. When I started business
in a back room of the Oregonian Building in
the fall of 1909 I knew then, as I know now,
that selling Men's Clothing Upstairs DOES
save the customer an extra profit.
COME UP my money-saving stairway
See the values I give you in
Men's and Younff Men's Suits
Others at $30 and $35
All alterations free
J, ill r i
jw JiHi Jii
Cat-ty Corner front Patitage
ada's best customer by a wide mar
gin, has been nosed out by Great
Britain, it was disclosed when the
books were balanced on June 30 of
Daring the first period Canada's
exports to the United States to
talled J502.0W.000 and those of the
United Kingdom $307,000,000.
In the year covered by the latest
report Great Britain, with purchases
amounting to $301,838,000, won first
place from the United States, which
purchased only $295,398,000.
Fish Putting In Earlier Appear
ance This Year Than Usual.
ASTORIA, Or., July 27. (Special.)
-The silversidea are nuttine in an
appearance this year muoh earlier
than usual. Trollers operating out
side the river are making good
catches, some boats getting as high
as half a ton. Silversides are sell
ing at the packing plants for about
3 cents a pound.
There is little, if any. improve
ment in - the run of chinooks, but
with more favorable tides the gill-
netters are having better success
than they did last week.
Campers Start Forest Fires.
WALLA WALLA. Wash., July 27.
BRITAIN GETS U. S. TRADE
American Purchases in Canada
tilump Within Year.
OTTAWA, Ont, July 27. The
United States, which, in the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1921, was Can-
(Special.) Campers are bothering
forest rangers in the toll crate sec
tion, C. L. Keithley. United States
ranger in charge of the local dis
trict, stated today on his return
from Toll Gate. Fires have been
left by the campers but have been
extinguished in time to prevent
damage. So far forest fires have .
caused but little loss in this portion
of the ransre.
Japanese Teachers Plentiful.
HONOLULU, T. H., July 27. (Spe
cial.) Despite the . fact that the
Japanese had been contending that
there would not be sufficient suit
able persons to teach in the lan
guage schools, the results Just given
out bv ithfl, hnn.r.H uIrmiHa. .v. ....
put that bugaboo at rest. Out of 308
wno spprna ior Dasic licenses only
13 failed to pass and that means
there will be plenty of teachers for
the Japanese language schools under
the Americanization plan..
Grain Fire Destroys Combine.
WASCO, Or, July 27. (Special.)
A grain nre UUs afternoon on the
farm ' of C. L. Fridly, eight miles
from Wasco, resulted in the loss of
a combine harvester belonging to
tar. Tiuiy and to acres of wheat on
the W. A. Medlar farm.
Phone your want ada to The Ore
gonian. Main 7070.
of the field
how they grow. Some
are tough little dried
up beans. Others get to
be fine large fat meaty
beans. Goodness knows
where all the little dried
up beans go. The fine
large ones go to the
Heinz kitchens where
they are baked in real
ovens with Heinz de
licious Tomato Sauce.
with Tomato Sauce
TirHEN you purchase
our candies, you
are. assured purity,
goodness at the lowest
possible price consis
tent with high quality.
. Cost Less This Year
Why not take advantage of this opportunity to
realize big profits in transportation costs to
Tillamook County Beaches Newport-by-the-Sea
$4.50 and $5.00 $7.00 and $8.23
Crater Lake National Park
Oregon's Forest, Lake, River and Mountain Resorts
Oregon Caves National Park
Shasta Mountain Resorts Yosemite National Park
Via the Scenic Shasta Route
On your way East stopover at
I t UNES I 1
San Diego .
the emblem of
Merit and Service
in the manufacture
and sale of good
Demand it forthor
o u g h protection
EAST SIDE MILL
& LUMBER CO.
Ft. Spokane Ave.
OREGON DOOR CO.
Ft. Spokane Ave,
EAST SIDE BOX CO.
Ft. Spokane Ave.
Three world famous and beautiful cities.
California's National Parks and Charming Seashore Resorts.
"Oregon Outdoors" and "California for the Tourist," beautifully
illustrated folders are FREE on request.
For further particulars, ask agents
Southern Pacific Lines
JOHN M. SCOTT,
' General Passenger Agent
Passenger Service and Lowest fam
From CHICAGO via
NICKEL PLATE ROAD LACKAWANNA R.R.
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ASK TICKET AGENT TO ROUTE YOU via NICKEL PLATE ROAD
For full information call on Local Ticket Acont or odin mi
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A. N. Hansen. T. K, '
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