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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXIXG OUEGONIAN, SATURDAY. OCTOBER 9, 1920
BEITS 1912 CROP
Total Production of 3,216,
000,000 Bushels Expected.
WHEAT BELOW ESTIMATE
Tobacco Shows Falling Off, but
Even With Decrease Will Sur
pass Any Other Yield.
TV A SIT I XQ TON", Oct. 8. A corn
crop of 3,216,000.000 bushels or 79.
000.000 bushels greater than the rec
ord crop of 1912 was forecast to
day by the department of agriculture
from a condition of 89.1 on Octob
er 1. There was a further falling
oft. however, in the total wheat crop
forecast, production being placed at
750. 648,000 bushels, as compared with
a forecast of 770,000.000 bushels a
month ago. The spring wheat crop
was forecast at 218,007.000 bushels
as compared with 237,000.000 busheys
last month. The condition of the
fprinjr wheat and all wheat crops
was not given in the department's
The tobacco crop also showed a
falling off, total production being
estimated at 1.478. 788. 000 pounds as
against a forecast of 1,553.000.000
pounds a month ago. The crop still
remains the largest in history despite
this reduction of 75,000,000 pounds
in the forecast.
Otti Production Greater.
Production of oats was placed at
3.444,362.000 bushels, an increase of
2.523,0000 bushels during the month,
White potato production was fore
cast at 411. 986. 000 bushels, an in
crease of 2,053,000 bushels sir.ee Sep
Production figures on agricultural
crops of the world outside of the
United States, assembled by the Inter
national Institute of Agriculture at
Home and given out today by the
United States department of agricul
ture, show greatly increased yields
for 1920 in almose every division. The
1920 wheat crop in countries of the
northern hemisphere, including Bul
garia, Spain. British India. Finland,
Sweden, Switzerland, Canada, Guate
mala, Algeria, .Egypt, and Tunis, the
institute reports, is 1.046 670,000 bush
els or 101.6 per cent of a five-year
average production for the same coun
tries and 119.1 per cent of 1919 pro
duction. More Acrease Planted.
Area now planted for the 1920-21
heat crop of the southern hemi
sphere in Argentina, Australia and
fcouth Africa, is 28.384.000 acres;
which is 12S.4 per cent of the crop
area for last year and 102.1 per cent
of a five-year average.
Other forecasts in the United States
are as follows:
Barlry, ll,3SU,0nO bushels.
Buckwheat. 15,032,000 bushels; condi
White potatoes, 414,086,000 bushels: con
Sweet potatoes, 103,770,000 bushels: con
Tobacco, 1,476,788,000 pounds; condition
Klax. 11.704.000 bushels: condition. 62 8
Jtice. 52.20S.000 bushel: condition, S8.1.
Sugar beets, 8,970,000,000 tons; condi
Condition on October 1 and production
forecast (in thousands of bushels i. e.
thousands omitted) or important crops by
principal states, follows:
Illinois, 04 and InO.r.ni.
Ohio, condition 00; forecast 63.714.
Indiana, condition 0T and 76,342.
Michigan. !I4 and n.YHTl.
"Wisconsin, fti and 105,!!f.
Minnesota. !it and l'JO.750.
Iowa, and l!14,r.n.
Missouri. !)3 and 43.218.
North lakota, 81) and r.0.328.
Smith !akota. 04 and 2.!1)0.
Nebraska. i."i and 74.H.5.
Kansas. t3 and i6,028.
Minnesota. tiS and 31.001.
North Dakota, 82 and tin. !:!.
South laknfa. nil and 26,004.
Montana, !( and 1."..3iiO.
Washington, 87 and 20,300.
Ohio, !2 end 1.rH.121.
Indiana. !I3 and 1112,40b.
Illinois, 78 and 301.0r,i
Minnesota, 00 and 1 17 351
Iowa, 113 and 426,870.
Missouri. 87 and 2l.i.iMt.
South fiakota. 02 and 1(18 192
Nebraska, 7 and 2,".0.(!l:).
Kansas, 84 and l.-,7t!S
Kentucky. 08 and 1114.005.
' Texas, po and 1IS0.H3I
for which It desires to express appre
ciation." Ilatea Once Too Loir.
The committee found upon careful
study, according to its report, that
the rentals which prevailed for sev
eral years prior to 1919 were too low
to yield a fair income on the invest
ment in dwelling and apartment
houses. The report also cites that
statistics as to building costs for the
country at large covering the period
from January 1. 1915, to April 1. 1920.
show an advance in material costs of
190 per cent and in wages in the
building trades of 80 per cent. The
committee reports that It Is advised
that these figures hold good for Port
land. Lack of housing facilities In Port
land is another direct cause for In?
creased rents, the report says. The
population of the city having out
grown the supply of houses, has
precedented demand created for hous
ing facilities. Relief from this cause
for increased rents cannot be ob
tained, the report points out. un
til an extensive building programme
has been carried out.
The committee lacks legal power to
demand the appearance of apartment
house owners before It. the report
says, or to compel obedience to any
orders it might issue. The city like
wise lacks this power, the report
holds, stating that the city attorney
has ruled that a law to punish rent
profiteers must be passed by the state
legislature and cannot b enacted by
the council of the city of Portland.
Efforts Prove Futile.
Efforts to gain Information by vol
untary appearance of witnesses, eith
er to complain against high rents or
POLITICAL GAINS GO
TO WEST ID SOUTH
Estimates Made on Increase
in Congress Seats.
BASIS MATTERS LITTLE
Population Figures Indicate East
and Middle West Will Xot Fare
as Well as Other Districts.
WASHINGTON', Oct. 8. (By the
Associated Press.) Examination of
the final census figures of the coun
try, -which place the total population
of the continental United States at
105.683,108, indicates that the west
and the south proportionately will
gain more in a political way'than the
east or middle west through Increased
membership in the house of repre
sentatives, more votes in the elec
toral college and In larger delega-
the national political con-
to testify in behalf or the owners. - uu i
nroved futile, the report says, the rec- 1 ventions.
ord showing that in the five months' This result will obtain whatever
that the committee operated less than' basis of apportionment is adopted by
a dozen persons appeared to complain
concerning rents or housing conditions.
The committee was composed of C.
C. Colt, representing the Portland I parties.
congress next winter, fixing the size
of the next house, which in turn is
reflected in the electoral college and
the conventions of the big political
APPLE RATES TO STAND
GnOWERS' HOPE FOK FREIGHT
RENT PROBLEM GIVEN UP
Continued From Kirst Pace.)
fused to appear. I resolved to learn
me reason lor this ir possible. 1
called on a few apartment house
owners, and tne statements which 1
nave made were given to me without
Variation. This committee could have
.....,,..., rAirui'iii results, out it was
tip against a stone wall. Of this there
is no doubt."
Some Increaxcn Tiotrd.
instances or increases included In
The report show that in an lrvington
apariniein House erected in the fall
..r ioic .. : ... 3 .c,.t
.i iuiu uiiiuiiimiieu apartments, in-
ciuaing live rooms and s eeninir r.rch
were rented at $45 a month following
ins i-unipieuon or ine building- in
3 917 at $55, in 1918 at J65, in 1919 at
.0. in Juiy. iszu. at 585, and Octo
tier 1, 1920, at 100.
jvnotner citation in the report
no3 mai a live-room unfurnished
" i"" "u riaiincrs street at one
lime rented ior 3l. The rent grad
ually was raised until ry June. 1919
it was at fib and since then $65. with
n aaaea charge of $2.50 a month for
xeiepuone. ine report states that at
the same time rents were increasing
the service ran down past the point
r ramming- profits in apartment
nnu.-e icapcs is given in the report a
one of the outstanding causes for in
ci eased rents. I,eases made several
5 cars ago out with a number of years
i 10 i nave necome valuable, a
cording to the report.
Furniture t'os Doubled.
ine notders or these leases," reads
the report on this subject, "generally
own the furnishings of the apartment
nuuacs ana tne cost or furnishings h
more man doubled. Speculation in
inese leases and furnishings has been
iiitr. oikiiu auvances or rents are
forced upon the tenants in order to
give a swollen appearance to profits
and the inducement is held out to
prospective purchasers that further
advances are possible. The result is
a continual competition among hold
ers or such leases to advance their
rents. The tratric therein is to I
large extent in the hands of unscru
pulours business chance brokers, who
frequently misrepresent in order to
bring about sales.
"Such sales are being made at
prices which cannot, in tije Judgment
of the committee, yield any profit to
the purchasers, but are more likely
to result in losses. The committee
has endeavored by warnings to the
public to discourage such traffic in
leases and by moral pressure to pre
vent the continuous pyramiding of
profits In such resales which Is bound
to lead to undue rental increases. The
committee has had the hearty support
of the public press In these efforts.
Clearing house; Miss Harriet Monroe,
Womens federation: Herbert Jor
dan, Realty board: D. E. Nickerson.
Central Labor council; E. B. Mc
Naughton, Chamber of Commerce: R.
W. Price, Presidents' cot ncil of civic
clubs; Mrs. Josephine Othus. House
wives council: A. I.. Veazie. repre
senting the judges of the circuit court
and Mayor Baker, who presided at
The committee was appointed May
1. 1920, and held its first meeting
May 4. All members of the commit
tee except Miss Monroe were present
at the final meeting yesterday.
Hood River Shippers Say Roads in
End Will loc by Refusal
to Lower Charges.
HOOD RIVER, Oct. 8. (Special.
Hopes of local apple growers and
shippers who expected a modification
of freight rates after the recent con
ference with railway executives ar.
Yakima were dashed today when J.
Curtis Robinson, traffic manager of
the Northwestern Fruit Exchange,
telegraphed that he had received word
from R. H. Countis. representing the
railroads, that no reauests for lower
freight rates would bo considered.
At the Yakima meeting the rail of
ficials agreed to present the request
for lower. apple freight rates at a
conference representing Pacific coast
rail lines and eastern rail officials at
Chicago Tuesday. The presentation
was ineffective, according to Mr.
Local shrppers contend that the In
creased freight rate is a heavy blow
to the apple Industry, it is declared
that the failure to grant a lower rate
eventually will mean a loss of much
tonnage by the rail lines.
As a result of the Increase of 13
710,842 in population during the past
ten years. 50 new seats could be added
to the house. Should the present mem
bership of 435 be left unchanged by
increasing the basis of apportionment
there will have to be a transfer of 13
seats, now held by 12 states, to nine
More Representatives Likely.
For the last half century the prcce
dent has been to increase the size of
the house so as to prevent loss of ex
isting representation by any state.
If this precedent is followed this
year, five additional representative
seats must be given to California
four 'each to New York, Ohio. Pennsyl
vania and Michigan; three to Illinois
and Texas; two to Massachusetts.
New Jersey and North Carolina, and
one each to Alabama. Arizona, Con
necticut, Georgia, Maryland, Mon
tana. New Mexico. Oklahoma. Oregon,
South Carolina. Tennessee, Washing
ton, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Vir
ginia, Arkansas and Minnesota.
Congressional leaders are strongly
opposed to any larger increase in the
house, as they regard the present
membership of 435 as too unwieldy.
When the house census committee,
headed by Representative Siegel of
I New York, begins consideration of the
problem, effort will be made to hold
down the increase, but pressure for
the increase is expected to come from
the states which would benefit from
a larger public. The present appor
tionment basis is 211,877 inhabitants.
or its major fraction, to the congress
Missouri May I.one Two.
By holding the house membership
to 435. gams would be distributed
with three to California, two to Mich
igan and Ohio, ard one each to Con
necticut, New Jersey. North Carolina,
Oklahoma, Texas and Washington. To
offset these gains. Missouri would be
forced to lose two representatives,
while Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Ken
tucy, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi,
Nebraska, Rhode Island, Vermont and
Virginia would lose one each. All
other states would retain their pres
ent numerical delegation in congress.
At the last session, of congress
some republican leaders expressed
opposition to any change in the house
that would be of profit to the south.
However, the new census does not
Indicate that the south can be af
fected without a corresponding effect
on states where the republicans
might not be inclined to reduce the
27 Seats Mar Absorb Gain.
By fixing the apportionment basis
so that Maine and Missouri would
each lose one seat, the increased pop
ulation of the country as represented
in congress can be absorbed by a" net
increase of 27 seats. The apportion
ment basis then would be 219,583 or
major fraction, and 17 states would
absorb the net increase as also the
two seats lost by Maine and Missouri.
These gains would be distributed with
California getting four; .Michigan,
Ohio and New York three; Pennsyl
vania. New Jersey and Texas two,
and Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia,
Illinois, Massachusetts. New Mexico,
North Carolina, Oklahoma, Washing
ton and Wisconsin one each.
It may be- decided to hold the net
increase to less than a score, which
might be accomplished by causing
Missouri to lose two seats, and Iowa,
Kentucky, Maine and Indiana one
each. The apportionment basis would
be 234,947 inhabitants to the congres
sional district with a net increase of
14 in the size of the house. These
seats and those lost by Missouri, Iowa,
Kentucky, Maine and Indiana would
be distributed as follows:
California, 4; Michigan and Ohio, 3;
Texas, 2, and Connecticut, Illinois,
New Jersey, New Mexico, New York,
Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and Wash
ington, 1 each.
Regardless of the apportionment
basis, the swing in political power
will be first toward the Pacific coast
and the Rocky mountain states, fol
lowed by the south, the east and the
middle west. California's big gain in
inhabitants in the last 10 years ac
counts for most of the swing toward
REPUBLICANS MUST FIGHT
'Continued From First Pace.)
have a good organization and are put
ting up a fight there is no talk of a
republican landslide. In Indiana, for
example, tho estimated majority which
the republican managers give among
themselves is aiout 6S.O00 for Hard
ing and 15,000 or 20.000 less for the
republican senatorial candidate. In a
state as large as Indiana a 65,000 ma
jority for one side or the other is no
Under normal circumstances It could
readily change overnight, or be re
versed by three weeks of effective
In the matter of the senate, not only
is it not a republican landslide, but it
is in fact, the stiffest kind of a fight
for the republicans. For example,
here in Iowa, wnich stands almost
second to Pennsylvania, as a rock
ribbed republican state, and here is
Senator Cummins running for re-election,
one of the ablest senators in
either party and one of the three or
four most distinguished elder states
men in either party.
A few days ago I said that Senator
Cummins would run 50,000 votes be
hind Harding. Today 1 say It is more
likely to be close to 100,000, and 100,-
000 is a serious handicap even In so
republican a state as Iowa. Here and
elsewhere if the republicans are to
achieve their hope of getting a re
publican senate they will have to do
the hardest kind or work during the
next three weeks.
VETERAN'S BODY ARRIVES
Military Fnneral Planned for Roy
A. Smith Tomorrow.
ROSEBURG, Or.. Oct. 8. (Special.)
The body of Private Roy A. Smith.
son of Mr., and Mrs. W. A. Smith of
Glide, arrived In this city this morn
ing from St. Nazaire, France, and will
be buried Sunday with full military
The young man was a native of
this county, enlisting with the 20th
engineers, and was among the first
troops sent to France shortly after
his arrival overseas. He was taken
ill with pneumonia, of which he died
December 16. 1917. Services will be
held under auspices of the local post
of the American Legion. He is the
first overseas soldier returned to this
county for burial.
LABOR iNFLUX IS FOUGHT
Leaders In Manila to Oppose Fro
MANILA, Oct. 8. Labor leaders to
day organized a speaking campaign
against proposed legislation To admit
oriental laborers Into the Philippines.
It has been announced that several
bills intended to permit oriental Im
migration have been prepared for in
troduction in the legislature meeting
October 1 K.
Sr 5 Sri . SV'
Louisiana Wants Mexican Labor.
NEW ORLEANS. Oct. 8. Several
hundred Louisiana planters and busi
ness men today indorsed a plan of
Barry D. Wilson, state commissioner
of agriculture and immigration pro
viding for importation of Mexican
laborers for cane, rice, sugar and
Why you need
The same soothing, healing, antiseo-,
tic properties that make Resinol Oint
ment so effective for skin eruptions,
also make it the ideal household
And a score of other troubles which
constantly arise in every home, espe
cially where there are children. That
is why Resinol Ointment should be on
your medicine shelf, ready for imme
Sample free: "
ample d mi ma tn re cake of Resinol
Soap, write to Dept. l&N, Rsinol CbmicU
Co Baltimore. Wd.
suppose, ior instance, you write a
long letter to a man explaining; fully
some proposition on which you would
like to have an immediate decision.
Why not tell him in your letter Jhat
you will phone him at his home at
9 o'clock on such-and-such an evening
for his answer? Perhaps there's
some point on which he isn't alto
gether "sold" that you can explain in
a few words. The deal is made with
no time wasted waiting for an inter
change of letters. By phoning him
at night on a number-to-number call,
you are able to talk two or three
times as long at the cost of a regular
. day message.
Get the home numbers of your busi
ness friends and use "Northwestern"
Night Service the efficient, inexpen
sive long distance service.
A Few Sample Rates
45? iws'a B J
4:30 8:SO 12:n
A. M. P. M. P. M.
to 8::J0 to 12:00 to 4:30
P. M. P. M. A. M.
tlhan-r... S .4." - .2S
L'orvallis. .rvri .; .15:"
behalia.. .HI JtO JtS
BellltiKbam .75 .4(1
Seattle... l.to .."Ml .S
Tncomn.. X4I .40 JtS
Aberdeen. JjO .40 M
i 1 i i il
i I II i
I I I'ii
! i H
5s. k. 1
Rates are for Initial period
of 3 minutes except those pre
ceded by asterisk (), whicn
are for initial period of five
Mo Tt 1 we s t e rsi
Sole Agents in
Portland for Jaeger
Underwear for Men
c) "Merchandise of Merit Only
Men, Attention ! A Very Important Announcement I
Today Brir&g's to a Close
vTIis- Ro'using Tihree-Da Sale"
of Men's and Young Men's
New Fall Suits and Overcoats
By This Event
a Great Deal
Made by tlic
WE WISH to emphasize as strongly as possible the fact that the Suits taking part in this sale occu
pied places in our regular stock at higher prices and were superior Suits at their regular prices.
The man who knows anything about men's clothing knows that a STEIN-BLOCH, LANG
HAM or LANGHAM-HIGH SUIT at $39.50 is an excellent buy at any time. Jhat fact is suf
ficient to induce him tojxiy.
These Suits, products of such widely-known and reputable
clothing manufacturers, and the other fine Suits in the sale are
made of all-wool cassimeres, cheviots and unfinished worsteds
in smart mixtures, plaids, stripes and plain colors.
The styles possess real individuality a personality, if you
please, which is much to a man's liking. The Suits fit per
fectly, which the exacting man always demands. The pat
terns are handsome and the tailoring is that of which you your
self, once you possess one of these suits, will boast.
The Overcoats at $26.50
. JIH Jili JL IMUiUJ-lllJJlggj
You recognize the label, of course. You know what it
stands for. It is a guarantee that the material is all-wool.
The Overcoats never sold . for so low a price this season
and may not again. It is a golden opportunity for any man
to get a GOOD OVERCOAT at an inexpensive price.
Smart dark mixtures and over-plaids in browns, tans, grays
and greens. Full and half-belt models with slash pockets and
convertible collars. : r '
Fifth Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
We've Got 'Em
800 New Hegadorne Ties
at a NEW Low Price
This announcement may startle those men who have been accustomed and perfectly willing to pay more for
Hegadorne Ties, but it will please them.
Depend upon it, those men will get their share at $1 a tie..
This explanation is for you who may not appreciate just how
fine an offering this is. . ,
We think Hegadomes are just about as smart as any lies a
man could wear, and our judgment is backed up by a great
Mens Shop, Just Inside Washington-Street Entrance Lipman, Wolfe & Co
number of men whom you recognize as ones who know how
to dress the minute you see them.
This quantity and variety permit of 4 wide selection.
There are any number with which you will be pleased im
mensely. And, remember, the price makes it possible to obtain
three at considerably less than you formerly had to pay for two.
Driven only about 8000 miles, and con
tinually under the expert care of one of
Portland s best chauffeurs. We are In a
po Jit ion to place in your hands for the sum
of S3300 this carefully handled private
Cait Is quite evident that sufficient re
duction from the orlclnal cost .has been
made to create an immediate market lor
such a car.
Covey Motor Car Company
21st and Washington Sta.
A IMirereat Kinds mt I,uldr
A Different Prleca
Vben . Your Eyss Need Care
Restores Color and I
Benty to Gray and Faded Hair
60c. and uwat ivuBTJKt.
.H1rcx Chew. Wfcu. PatcliogtiP, y. T.
Look Out for Rheumatism
As Winter Approaches
If you have had the disease for
any length of time you have doubt
less resorted to the misleading
treatment of liniments and lotions,
in an effort to get relief from Its
torturing pains. But you want more
than mere temporary relief. You
want to be freed from the shackles
of a disease that will bind -ou hand
So many cases of Rheumatism
come from a tiny disease germ that
infests the blood that physicians are
beginning to realize that this source
of the disease is becoming quite
prevalent. Of course a disease that
has its source in the blood cannot
be reached by local remedies applied
to the surface.
One remedy that has piven splen
did results in the treatment of
Rheumatism is S.&.S., the fine old
blood remedy that has been sold by
drupgists for more than fifty years.
S.S.S. acts by driving out of the blood
the disease germ that causes Rheu
matism, thus affording real relief.
Begin taking S.S.S. today and If
you will write a complete history of
your case our medical director will
dive you expert advice. without
charge. Address Chief Medical Ad
viser, SI5 Swift Laboratory, Atlanta.
PHONE YOUR WANT ADS TO THE OREGONIAN
Main 7070 A6095