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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, MAY 2S, 1920
. PEACE RESOfllTIi
Knox Proposal Held Dishon
orable to Nation.
PLEA MADE FOR TREATY
Versailles Covenant, Wilson As
serts, Kmbodies World Objects in
Final German Settlement.
WASHINGTON, May 27. President
Wilson vetoed the pease resolution
today and informed congress" that he
could not become a party to the peace
programme framed by : republican
leaders of the senate t and house, be
cause he considered it would put an
ineffaceable stain on . the nation's
To establish technical peace'by such
& method, the president said in his
veto message, would 1-to effect "a
complete surrender ofie rights of
the United States so far as Germany
is concerned" and to relinquish all
the high purposes which led the na
tion into war and which were em
' bodied in the rejected treaty of Ver
sailles. The president's act apparently
brought to another and final dead
lock the efforts of the administration
argfe congress to agree upon a peace
programme. Republican leaders con
ceded, they had no chance to pass
the resolution over the veto, though
an attempt will be made in the house
tomorrow and on both sides it was
predicted that the issues of the tre
aty controversy would have to be
fought out in the political campaign
with democrats and republicans blam
ing each other for the failure to con
summate a state of peace.
A'eto la No Surprise.
In his message the president did
not Indicate whether he might again
submit the treaty to the senate for
ratification, but he said the resolution
raised again the question of whether
the United States cared to draw apart
from the rest of the world or to join
with other nations in attaining the
ends for which the treaty was framed.
The veto had been expected by the
republican leaders and they made
plans to close the incideat promptly
by a record vote on re-passage of the'
resolution. The message went first
to the house, where its reading was1
greeted with cheers by the democrats
and derision by republicans. Without
discussion it was agreed to take a
vote at noon tomorrow.
The general prediction on the re
publican side was that the resolution-)
would fall short by only a few votes
of the two-thirds necessary to repass
It. In the senate, however, it was
conceded that the prospect was alto
gether hopeless, the democrats stand
ing almost solidly with the president.
' Little. Comment Heard.
For the most part senate and house
leaders refrained from comment on
the president's action. The general
tenor of the talk on the republican
side, however, was that the president
and not congress should bear the
responsibility of the nation remaining
technically at war, while the demo
crats declared that the nation would
hold the republican senate to account
for failure to ratify the. treaty.
Representative Fess of Ohio, chair
man of the republican congressional
committee, declared in a formal state
ment that the president alone was to
blame and that' the people were with
the republican leaders in their at
tempt to end. through the resolution,
"an intolerable situation."
The president's message follows:
'To the House of Representatives:
I return herewith, without my sig
nature, house joint resolution 327,
. intended to repeal the joint resolution
of April 6, 1917, declaring a state of-l
war to exist between the United
States and Germany, and the Joint
resolution of December 7, 1917, declar
ing a state of war to exist between
the United States and the Austro
Hungarian government, and to declare
a state of peace.
"I have not felt at liberty to sign
this joint resolution because I can
not bring myself to become party to
an action which would place an ef
faceable stain upon the gallantry and
honor of the United States. The reso
lution seeks to establish peace with
the German empire without exacting
from the German government any ac
tion by way of setting right the infi
nite wrongs which it did to the peo
ples whom it attacked and whom we
professed our purpose to assist when
we entered the war.
Nation's Sacrifice Cited.
"Have we sacrificed the lives of
more than 100.000 Americans and
ruined the lives of thousands of others
and brought upon thousands of Amer
ican families unhappiness that can
never end for purposes which we do
not now care to state or take further
steps to attain? The attainment of
these purposes is provided for in the
treaty of Versailles by terms deemed
adequate by the leading statesmen
and experts of all the great peoples
who were associated in the war
against Germany. Do we now not
care to join in the effort to secure
"Wo entered tlie war most expect
antly. Our people were profoundly
disinclined to take part in a Eu
ropoan war. and at last did so, only
because they became convinced that
it could not In truth be regarded as
only a European war. but must be
regarded as a war in which civiliza
. tlon itself was involved and human
rights of every kind as against a
belligerent government. Moreover,
when we entered the war. we set
forth very definitely the purposes
for which we entered, partly because
we did not wish to be considered as
merely taking part in a European
contest. This joint resolution which
I return does not seek to accomplish
any of these objects, but in effect
makes a complete surrender of the
rights of the United States so far
- as the German government is con
cerned. World Adopts V. S. View.
"A treaty of peace was signed at
Versailles June 2S, last, which did
seek to accomplish the objects which
we had declared to be in our minds,
because all the great governments
and peoples which united against
Germany had adopted our declara
tions of purpose as their own and
the seas, or the reduction of arma
ments, or the vindication of the rights
of Belgium, or the- rectification of
wrongs done to France, or the release
of the Christian populations of the
'. Ottoman empire from the intolerable
subjugation which they, have had for
so many generations to endure, or the
establishment .of an independent Pol
ish state, or the continued mainte
ance of any kind of understanding
among the great powers of the world
which would be calculated to prevent
in the future such outrages as Ger
many attempted, and in part consum
mated. "We have not in effect declared that
we do not care to .take any further
risks or'' to assume any further re
sponsibilities with regard to the free
dom of nations or the sacredness of
international obligations or the safety
of independent peoples. Such a peace
with Germany a peace in which none
of the essential interests which we
had at heart when we entered the
war is safeguarded is, or ought to
be, inconceivable, is inconsistent with
the dignity of the United States, with
the rights and liberties of her citi
zens, and with the very fundamental
conditions of civilization: - '
"I hope that in these statements I
have sufficiently set forth the rea
sons why I have felt it incumbent
upon me to withhold my signature.
. "The White House, May 27, 1920."
DEBS T0JBE NOTIFIED
Committee to Take ews of Nomi
nation to Penitentiary.
NEW YORK May 27 A committee
headed by Seymour Stedman left here
tonight f or the federal penitentiary
at Atlanta to give official notifica
tion to Eugene V. Debs, serving a term
for violation of the espionage law of
his nomination for president of the
socialist party. The committee will
go to the prison Saturday morning
and seek permission for their candi
date to receive tKe notification and
make a speech in reply.
Mr. Stedman joking-Iy remarked
that the committee might tak,e up
witn Mr. ueos the matter or cabinet
"I think from the standpoint of
public interest," Mr. Stedman said.
"that if the matter has been fully
presented to the president and if the
department of justice realizes what
it means, they will- release Mr. Debs
before his notification and accept
ance. Jt might not be a good example
to have a prisoner in a penitentiary
accept the nomination for the presi
dency of the United States. It might
have a tendency to take away the
sting of imprisonment in the eyes of
mr: schulderman out
(Continued From First Page.)
when Governor Olcott was the most
formidable candidate against Mr.
Withycombe. it is said that Mr. Schul
derman renewed his activities in be
half of Mr. Withycombe.
Although this action on the part of
Mr. Schulderman is said to have dis
pleased the executive, he said noth
ing artd upon the death of Governor
Withycombe in March, 1913. it was
announced from the executive offices
that none of the late governor's ap
pointees would be removed from of
fice unless the good of the service de
manded such procedure. This an
nouncement, it is said, applied to Mr.
Schulderman as well as other officials.
Offense Believed Came.
In asking- Mr. Schulderman to re
sign today it is believed here that the
governor took particular offense to a
number of advertisements published
in the state press during the recent
campaign for secietary of1 state, in
which intimation was made that Sam
A. Kozer, successful nominee of the
republican. party,wa an "office boy"
and "rubber stamp." Friends of Gov
ernor Olcott declare it was apparent
that these advertisements were in
tended as an indirect slap a.t the ex
ecutive, and left the impression that
Mr. Kozer would be available for sup-
2 AMERICANS NOT
SEIZED 111 MEXICO
State Department Corrects
DIAZ AGAINST REBELS
Other Troops Also Reported to Be
Joining Bodies Still Loyal
WASHINGTON, May 27. The state
department corrected today Its an
nouncement of yesterday that two
Americans, Bernard Macdonald and
Homer Carr. had been seized at
Jiminez. Mexico. The .report proved
to be incorrect, today's announcement
EL. PASO, Texas. May 27. A brief
telegram from Chihuahua City signed
by W. M. Drury, manager of the
American Smelting & Refining: com
pany's department, set at rest today
fears for the safety of Homer Carr,
who was reported to have been taken
from a train at Jiminez. Chihuahua,
Tuesday by Villista soldiers.
VERA CRUZ, May 27. (By the
Associated Press.) Rebel forces com
manded by Felix Diaz and operating
along the coast of the state of Vera
Cruz near Nautla are combining1 with
other rebels and the troops still re
maining loyal to the Carranza gov
ernment, according to advices re
ceived here. As yet there is no offi
cial confirmation of this report.
EL. PASO, Texas, May 27. (By the
Associated Press.) Further efforts
to persuade Francisco Villa to lay
down his arms would be futile, ac
cording to General Ignacio Enrtquez,
commander of the Chihuahua defensas
sociales, who telegraphed the Mex
ican consulate here today that the de
facto government can" settle the
"Villa problem" only by force of
CMUDJI PRESENTS CLAIM
SI. 871.0(H), 000 IS DE5IAADED
- . J 1
T. B. Handle of Tillamook, ap
pointed state corporation com
had in solemn form embodied them
in communications to the German
government preliminary to the armi
stice of November 11. 1918. But the
treaty as signed at Versailles has
been rejected by the senate of the
United States, though it has been
ratified by Germany. By that re
jection and by its methods we have
in effect declared that we wish to
draw apart and pursue objects and
interests of our own, unhampered by
any connections of interest or of
purpose with other governments and
"Notwithstanding the fact that upon
our entrance into the war we pro
fessed to be seeking: to assist In the
maintenance of common interests,
nothing- Is said in this resolution
about the freedom of navigation upon J
port in all matters of advantage to
the head of the state government
Because of these alleged insinua
tions against Governor Olcott, the ex
ecutive's friends have predicted for
several days that Mr. Schulderman
would be removed from office.
Letter Give Xo Snrprlse.
The letter asking for Mr. Schuller
man's resignation came as no surprise
here, and is in line with the often
repeated assertion of the executive
that no government or business can
be efficient and prosper unless har
mony prevails among the officials and
Mr. Handley is one of the best-
known attorneys of the state. He
Is a native of Washington county. Or.,
but for many years has resided in
Tillamook where, since May 6, 1913,
he has been state land board attor
ney. He also has been city recorder
of Tillamook for five terms and has
served several years in the legisla
ture, including two terms fn the
lower house and one in the state sen
ate. His term in the senate expired
with his acceptance of the corpora
Mr. Handley formerly served sev
eral years as deputy'' district attor
ney for Tillamook county. He. is the
son of Oregon pioneers and has for
many years been identified with the
affair? of the state.
Good Practice Pianos
In a home where there are children it is well
to cultivate music.
Start the little ones in music study. They'll
be grateful to you when they grow up.
We have a number of excellent practice pi
anos, some slightly used, of famous makes,"
thoroughly renovated and in finest repair.
Every one offers full value for your invest
ment. And back of every one stands the guarantee
and reputation of this great piano institution.
Buyers who appreciate quality and economy
will benefit by seeing them. Easy payments.
Sign and Mail This Ad for Descriptive List
MORRISON ST, AT BROADWAY
-MASON AND HAMJN P1AK0S-
Bill Is Forwarded to England and
Will Be Considered bj Em
pire Con Terence.
OTTAWA, Ont.. May 27. Canada's
reparations claim against Germany
amounts to $1,871,000,000 and has been
forwarded to England for presenta
tion at the conference of representa
tives of all parts of the British em
pire in London and subsequently at
an inter-allied conference at Spa. Ger
many, it was announced today.
The claim is for losses sustained by
the country and its citizens and in
cludes: Cost of war and demobiliza
tion, J 1,715,000.000; reparation allow
ances, $85,000,000; Halifax losses. $30,-
000,000; army of occupation. $8,000,-
000. and. illegal warfare. $31,000,000.
under reparation allowances fall
sums paid to dependents of those who
Berved in the military and naval
forces; Halifax losses cover damage
to the city by the munitions explosion
in Halifax harbor on the steamer Mont
Blanc in 1917; army of occupation
losses include costs of maintaining
Dominion troops in Germany after
the armistice, and illegal warfare
damages represent losses of Canadian
merchant and fishing vessels during
Germany s submarine warfare.
Ml nuMnco. oaklaho. i mine, wui CUES
BONUS TACTICS CHANGED
NEW PLAX ADOPTED TO GET
ACTION OX MEASURE.
BEAN TARIFF MAY GO UP
Bill liaising Duty Reported by
WASHINGTON, May. 27. Increase
of the tariff on beans from 25 cents
to $1.20 a bushel is provided by
bill reported favorably today by the
house ways and means committee.
Democratic committeemen declared
the measure would, increase the cost
Western bean growers have urged
enactment of the bill, declaring they
were unable to compete with Jap
NORTH BANK SPOKANE
Trains Use Union, Station.
Beginning Sunday. May 30. S. P.
& S. Ry. trains to and from Spokane
and the east will use the Portland
Union station. New trains and changes
in schedule are shown in a display
advertisement elsewhere in this issue.
Head The Oregonian classified ads.
Creates an appetite, alia diget
tion, purifies tba blood, promotes
assimilation so as to secure fall
nutritive value of food, and to
give strength to the whole system.
Nearly 50 years phenomenal
sales tell the story of the remarka
ble merit and success of Hood 'a
Sarsaparilla. It is just the me&i
eine'yon need this season
Relief Bill to Be Brought Before
House and Considered Un-
der Limited Debate.
WASHINGTON. May 27. Republic
an leaders of the house have adoptel
a new programme to bring action on
the soldier relief legislation.
Chairman Fordney, in charge of the
relief bill, announced that he planned
to have the measure considered to-
morow under limited debate, after
which the legislation could only be
accepted or rejected.
Under this procedure democrats fa
voring some sort of soldier relief leg
islation would be forced to accept the
republican plan or go on record as
opposed to soldier relief.
Chairman Campbell of the rules
committee in a speech said the legis
lation was being blocked by 49 anti
bonus republicans, aiding the "solid
democratic opposition," and declared
congress had rewarded war con
tractors and almost everyone else but
the men who did the actual fighting.
of Iowa and heads of the Midland
Packing company of Sioux City have
been acting in collusion to protect
the packing company officials to fur
ther an alleged "political machine"' in
Iowa was made by A. B. Carlson, a
Canton, S. D., attorney in the federal
court to name a receiver for the
Carlson, appearing on behalf of
five South Dakota stockholders, seeks
the removal of a temporary receiver
who was named by a state court on
application of the attorney-general.
25 RED UCTION
On Every Suit, Coat, Dress
' Sounding the call to economy this sweeping reduction is offered until
the first of the month. 25 off at the Emporium is a saving in dol
lars that only those familiar with Emporium values can understand.
This is a friend-winning sale you save money, we make friends!
Tempting Suits at A Off
Take your choice of any suit in the house elab
ortely embroidered tricotines, smart jerseys, prac
tical serge so many styles that it is easy to find the
most becoming. You can use that 25 saving.
OFFICIALS JN TROUBLE
Arrest of Sheriff and Ilquor
Probers Is Rumored.
SPOKANE. Wash.. May 2. W. C.
West and J. G. Montgomery, federal
prohibition officers, and Sheriff J. L
Moore of Ferry county, were to have
been arrested at Republic today,
charged with the slaying of Ernest C.
Kmily, a young settler of near Keller,
according to advices to the Spokane
Prosecuting Attorney James T. John
son is said to have sworn out the nee
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Main 7070. Automatic R60-9S.
IOWA ATTORNEY ACCUSED
Collusion With Packers Charged by
South Dakota. Lawyer.
SIOUX CITT. Ir.. May 27. A charge
that State Attorney-General Havener
Let Cuticura Be
Your Beauty Doctor
Sosip.OIn titiH8,TsJTnn JScc wn j htic, Forsunplf
&ddrM:CatlTa IbortortN,lpt.X, HsJ4a, Hau.
Specialty Salesman Wanted
We require the service of a high-grade man. The spe
cialty is a real necessity, required by every automobile
owner, and one of the best advertised accessories in
. In order to- qualify you must be of high character, of
good standing in this community and have your own car.
To such a man we will make a .most liberal percentage
arrangement, backed by our fullest co-operation and
Write at once, giving full details regarding yourself.
Such information will be held strictly confidential.
BD 493, OREGONIAN.
the start of this sale, the
greatest fur sale ever held
in the United States ac
cording to our knowledge.
Oar entire stock, '
" most exquisite
creations at most
ESTABLISHED JTXJRS A49-ST
Dressy coats, sports coats, long
coats, short coats coats galore,
in every style, give a wide range
for selection. 25 means real
A Variety of
Don't you need a trim tricotine
or serge frock, a youthful taffeta
or a lovely georgette? At this
discount you can afford a better
dress than you planned, or per
haps two of them!
200 Hats Go at Va Off
Whatever your taste, ft can be pleased from the
tremendous assortment in our millinery section.
Whether you want a filmy, transparent georg
ette or a smart sailor, it is yours at Vi less.
1242 128 SIXTH ST-JUST OFF WASHINGTON
admittedly the most complete
stock in Portland,
straws of quality, style and service.
$6 to $10
-panama hats $5 to $27.50
men's furnisher and hatter
' exclusive but not expensive ' '
31 vashingtcr: street, near broadwajr