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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LIX 0. 18,32!5
Entered at Portland (Orton)
Postofflce as Second-Class Matter.
POllTLAXD OREGON, .TUESDAY, APRIL 6, 1920
PRICE FIVE CENTS
JOHNSON LEADS IN
HENRY ALBERS LOSES
MOVE FOR REHEARING
TO APPEAR m
U. S BARS PICKETING
209-MILE TRIP MADE
$14,500 THEFT REPAID;
TO TIE NUPTIAL KNOT
BOISE MAN ARRESTED
TO BE VOTED ON
SEIZED BY FRANCE
COURT OF APPEALS DENIES
W O SVMPATHIZERS FOR
IRISH REPUBLIC ARRESTED.
BRIDAL COUPLE-TO-BE HUNT
CHARGE FILED BY PROSECU
TOR, NOT COMPANY.
FAR FOR MINISTER,
MORE OF GERMANY
Wood Is Running Second
on Early Returns.
LOWDEN GETS THIRD PLACE
Hoover Vote Is Heavy on Both
SOLDIERS FAVOR JOHNSON
Storm Causes Lighter Vote Tlian
Had Been Expected, but Sun
Comes Out Later in Day.
DETROIT, Mich., April S. With
pirtial returns from more than halt
the counties in the state tabulated,
United States Senator Hiram W. John
son had attained a big: lead over Ma-jor-General
Leonard Wood for en
dorsement as the republican nominee
in yesterday's presidential preference
primary. Figures from 446 precincts
out of 2421 in the state gave Johnson
83,670, Wood 18,688.
Herbert Hoover and Governor Low-
den of Illinois were engaging in a
close race for third place, with the
figures showing Lowden 10,012 and
A close race developed in the demo
cratic contest, Hoover holding a very
slim margin over Governor Edwards
of New Jersey. The figures from 337
precincts showed: Hoover 2918, Hoov
In the incomplete returns the fight
for third place on the democratic
ticket was between former Secretary
of the Treasury McAdoo and William
J. Bryan. McAdoo had 2165 and J
Bryan 1916. Palmer was in the rear
DETROIT, April 5. Three hundred
and thirty-four precincts out of 2421
in the state give:
Republicans Johnson, 19,237;
Wood, 18,111; Lowden, 6708; Hoover,
S335; Pershing. 1527; Simpson, 472;
Two hundred and twenty-one pre
cincts on, , the democratic ticket:
Hoover, 1735; Edwards, 1678; McAdoo,
1477; Bryan, 1299; Palmer, 940.
Eighty-nine precincts out of 366
In Wayne county (Detroit) give:
Republicans Johnson. 12,679;
Wood, 2705; Lowden, 2088; Hoover,
2019; Pershing, 679; Simpson, 318;
Ninety-four precincts in Wayne
Democrats Edwards, 1576: Hoover,
931; McAdoo, 797; Palmer, 572; Bryan,
Johnson's lead in the city of De
troit and Wayne county is explained
by the fact that he endeared him
self to the war veterans by demand"
ing in the senate their return from
Archangel where a regiment of them
was on duty. The soldiers didn't like
it in Archangel and they did not be
lieve, in their cause there. Most ot
these men came from Detroit and
Johnson's course in the senate won
DETROIT. April 5. Early voting
ws evidently affected by the Easter
storm, the turnout of voters generally
being lighter than expected.
While indications of clearing weath
er in some industrial centers gave
promise of brisker voting this after
noon, other points reported snow flur
ries still prevailing. Some country
highways were piled with snow. The
inclement weather also operated to
curtail the woman vote.
In Detroit, where a $15,000,000 bond
ing proposition for a municipally
owned traction system overshadowed
the presidential primary, voting start
, ea very ngnt, out with warming
weather a better turnout was ex
thirteen candidates seven re
publican, five democrats and one so
cialist sought indorsement.
Candidates Are Confident.
Confidence in the outcome was ex-
. pressed by the headquarters of Gov
;rnoT Frank O. Lowden, Major-General
Leoi.ard Wood and Senator Hiram W.
Johnson, all of whom made extensive
c;. ipaign tours. Other republican
candidates were General Pershing,
Senator Miles Poindexter and William
U. Simpson of Detroit. Herbert
Hoover's name appeared both on the
republican and the democratic tickets.
Attorney-General Palmer was the
only democrat to campaign through
the state, the others named on tha
ticket being William G. McAdoo, Will
lam J. Bryan and Governor Edward
of New Jersey.
Eugene V. Debs was the socialie
The polls opened at 7 A. M. an
were to ciose in the rural precincts
at 5 and in the cities at S P. M.
Ilcndquaners Are Opened and Man
agcr Chosen for Montana.
GREAT FALLS, Mont., April 5.
The Herbert C. Hoover campaign fo
nomination upon the republican ticke
for president in the republican pri
maries April 23 was launched today
J. W. Sherwood of Great Falls being
announced as manager of the Hoove
campaign for the state. Mr. Sher
wood is manager of the Royal Milling
(Conceded oo Fse 2, Column 2.)
Portland Man Convicted of Espion
age May Carry Case to U. S.
Supreme Court. ,
SAN FRANCISCO. April 5. The
motion of Henry Albers, wealthy
Portland -miller sentenced to serve
three years' imprisonment and pay a
fine of $10,000 for seditious utter
ances, for a rehearing of his case,
was denied by the United States cir
cuit court of appeals today.
Henry Albers was convicted by a
jury in Federal Judge Bean's court.
in this city, February 6, 1919, at the
close of a closely fought trial on es
pionage charges. Since his convic
tion, and pending the settlement of
appeals, Albers has led a secluded
existence at his country home near
Milwaukie, a local -suburb.
In the prosecution of Albers it was
shown that he had uttered seditious
statements, and that his attitude had
been intensely pro-German, at cer
tain times specified in the testimony.
The defense contended that the
wealthy miller was intoxicated when
he made the remarks attributed to
him. The decision of the local court
was later upheld by the United States
district court of appeals.
There is only one more legal step
that can now be taken-, an appeal to
the United States supreme court for
review, and it is understood that this
will be the next step in the effort to
have the appeal granted.
RICH GIRL'S BODY FOUND
Jeanne Anna De Kay, Hull House
Worker, Killed Self,-Belief.
CHICAGO, April 5. The body of
Jeanne Anna De Kay, 20 years old,
whose disappearance from Hull house.
December 30, was followed by a na
tional search, was found today in
Lake Michigan near the municipal
Mrs. Gertrude Howe Britton of
Hull house, identified the body. Ex
cept for a coat and hat, which were
missing, the clothing was the same as
Miss De Kay wore when she disap-
Mrs. Britton said she was convinced
the girl had committed suicide.
Miss De Kay was the daughter of
John Wesley De Kay, wealthy packer.
ow residing In Switzerland. She was
sent to Chicago by her father after
er graduation from a London board-
ng school. She arrived at Hull house
ast December to assist In. work
mong the poor under Miss Jane
She was despondent while at Hull
house, Mrs. Britton said, "and
grieved over the pox marks on her
RENT G0UGERS DEFEATED
lenants Win Every Case in X'ew
NEW TORK, April 5. New Tork
landlords lost the first round today
the fight being waged between
the tenants and rent gougers when
the new anti-rent profiteering laws
were given their first court test, i
More than 3000- men and
crowded the municipal courts in the
Bronx and Brooklyn to appeal in 600
notice and rent increase'
In every instance tenants were:
l u . . I u , 1 Will UNO LU L II 1 J IUUI111IO j i
stay-overs wnen iney provea tneir
inability to find new homeft. Tn a ,
majority of cases, landlords had
served notices on April 1 and May 1.
In Brooklyn, Municipal Justice Fer-
guson collected more than $1000 in 1
rentals from tenants after land- ,
lords had refused to accept amounts ;
inougnt lair Dy the court.
BORDER TOURISTS WARNED
Transporting Liquor From Canada
to V. S. Hazardous.
SPOKANE, Wash., April 5. Warn
ing to automobile tourists to "travel 1
light" across the Canadian line as far
as concerns liquors, was issued here
today by Donald A. McDonald, fed
eral prohibition enforcement officer
for Washington. He said federal of
ficers had seized 24 automobiles and
two ships on the coast within the last
three months' and declared the law
provided for confiscation of vehicles
used to transport liquor.
Highway maps showing ro
Canada were studied by Mr. McDon
ald today in conference with William
Griffith, prohibition director for east
ern Washington, and with Sheriff
Reid of this county and his deputies'.
Peace officers of eastern Washington
communities will meet with Mr. Mc
Donald here tomorrow.
DANISH CABINET NAMED
New Ministry Declared Opposed to
COPENHAGEN, April 5. The offi
cial list of the new cabinet made pub
lic today is as follows:
M. Friis, premier and minister of
defense; Oscar Cavenius, minister of
foreign affairs: M. Sonns, minister of j
agriculture: H. P. Priot. minister of:
trade; M. Vedel, minister of the in
terior: H. Schroder, minister of jus
tice; M. Kofoed, minister of finance;
M. Jensen, minister of labor; M. Ped
erson. minister of education; M. Riis
chansen, minister of communications;
M. Ammentorp, minister of worship.
The ministry is purely provisional
and. according to the SoclaJ Demo
kraten, is composed exclusively of
men opposed tu the king's recent
I action in dissolving the eabinet of M.
SENATE ACTION UNCERTAIN
Hitchcock, It Is Said, Plans
EMERGENCY HELD ENDED
Resolution Contemplates No Treaty
With. Germany Nor Surrender
of Nation's Rights.
OREGON IAN NT2WS BUREAU,
Washington, April 5. The house
committee on foreign affairs today
completed its resolution declaring a
state of peace with Germany, which
will be reported tomorrow. It is
expected that favorable house action
will be taken immediately, and the
resolution, adopted, sent to the senate.
In the senate an effort will be
made by Senator Hitchcock, demo
cratic leader, to have the league of
nations appended as an amendment.
This move on the part of Senator
Hitchcock has apparently been plan
ned without the knowledge or ap
proval of the president. There have
been rumors during the last few days
that the president would return the
peace treaty to the senate, but with
out authentic corroboration.
Ne German Treaty Involved
The peace resolution, which has
been under consideration by the for
eign affairs committee of the house
does not attempt to negotiate a treaty
with Germany. It declares the war
at an end and provides for a cessa
tion of the war powers that were
granted to the president and which
were inserted in all war legislation
for the "emergency."
It stipulates that all of. the ad
vantages accruing to the United
States under the treaty of Versailles
shall be retained and also provides
for a period of 45 days during which
trading with Germany can be car
ried on. This trading arrangement
can be made permanent when the
president decides that Germany also
has terminated the war and has ac
cepted the peace conditions pre
scribed. TK of Report Given.
Following is the text of the report
formally to be submitted to the house
"The committee on foreign affairs,
to which was referred S. H. resolu
tion 3"7, having carefully considered
the same, reports it back to the house
with the recommendation that it do
After , repeating the text of the res-
nlntinn the rcnort continues:
"The authorities on international
(Concluded on Pas 2, Column 1.)
THE BEAST'S APPETITE SEEMS TO BE INCREASING EVERY DAY,
1 O I
ill . - I I S-L xtT -r: -S5 I 4 I
77, i:ijsrwsa CW x A
Women Informed Federal Statute
Prevents Insulting Foreign Dip-
. -lomatic Representatives.
WASHINGTON, April 5. (By the
Associated Press.j The federal gov
ernment moved today to put an end
to the picketing of the British em
bassy, which was renewed this morn
ing by women sympathizers with the
movement for an Irish republic.
United States District Attorney
Laakey informed Matthew OIBrlen,
counsel for the women, that if his
clients persisted they would be prose
cuted under a federal statute which
rnakes the offering of an insult to a
diplomatic representative of a foreign
government or to his official resi
dence a felony, punishable by a penl
Simultaneously Mr. Laskey com
municated his decision to the Dis
trict of Columbia commissioners, who
instructed the police to arrest the
women after warning them.
Captain Doyle and two policewomen
were sent to the embassy in a patrol
wagon and found Mrs. Mary Walker
of Astoria, Long Island, and Miss
Mollie Carroll of New York city carry.
ing banners on the sidewalk.
Captain Doyle informed the banner
bearers that unless they left in 15
minutes they would be arrested under
federal statutes, but they refused to
depart. After they had been taken to
police headquarters and held for half
an hour, they were released on orders
of Mr. Laskey.
The district attorney explained sub
sequently that the police had acted
before Mr. O'Brien had had time to
notify his clients of the government's
An hour before the police intervened
Mrs. Sophie Stanton and Mrs. Hattie
Lark in of this city attacked two
pickets who had preceded Mrs. Walker
and Miss Carroll and were arrested
on charges of "disordprly conduct."
They were released upon depositing a
cash forfeit of $25 each.
Mrs. Walker and Miss Carroll were
not replaced at the embassy after
the police took them away and lead
ers of the movement would not say
what were their plans for tomorrow.
HOUSE ORDERS INQUIRY
Federal Trade Commission to Look
Into Price of Gasoline.
WASHINGTON, April 5. The fed
eral trad commission was directed
today by. the house to make. immedi
ate investigation into the causes of
recent advances in prices of gasoline,
fuel oil and kerosene.
A report not later than June was
called for under a resolution adopted
without a record vote and which Also
asked that the commission determine
whether "any combination In restraint
of trade exists between those
gaged in the oil business."
Major Quinlan Acquitted.
MANILA, April 5. The second
courtmartial trial of Major Dennis P.
Quinlan, United States army, former
judge advocate ot the Philippine de
partment, charged with embezzlement
and conduct unbecoming an officer,
has closed. It is unofficially stated he
1 I IT
Search Meets With Success After
Journey From Drcwsey to
Burns and Then Bend.
BEND, Or., April 5. (Special.) A
trip of 209 miles in search of a clergy
man or civil authority vested with
power to perform the marriage serv
ice was ended when John Carroll and
Gertrude M. Baldwin of Drewsey
found Rev. H. C. Hartranft of Bend
Presbyterian church. The wedding
ceremony was performed at the par
sonage, and Mr. and Mrs. Carroll will
be at home to their, friends within
a few days in Drewsey.
Accompanied by his bride-to-be, Mr.
Carroll started his long trip last
week, driving the 50 miles to Burns,
where it was expected that the wed
would be held.
They were able to obtain their
license without difficulty, but when
it came to the wedding they encoun
tered obstacle after obstacle. No min
isters were available, the county
judge was out of town and the
justice . jof the peace was ill. Bend
was the next stop, and 159 miles
more landed them at the door of a
COTTON INQUIRY ORDERED
Combed Yarn Prices Declared to
Be Unreasonably High.
WASHINGTON, April S. An inves
tigation by the federal trade commis
sion to determine the causes for the
increased prices of combed cotton
yarn during the past five "years was
ordered today by the house.
The commission will make its in
quiry under a resolution by Repre
sentative Tilson, republican, Connec
ticut, which declared that the In
creases aggregated "several hundred
per cent," and were "greatly in ex
cess" of the advance in the prices of
raw cotton and labor.
JAP DENIES WARLIKE MOVE
Report of Fortification of Pacific
Islands Held Groundless.
WASHINGTON, April 5. Japan has
not fortified any of the Germ.i
islands in the Pacific and has -no in
tention of doing so. Ambassador
Shidehara said today in a statement
commenting on reports to this effect
recently published both in this country
Mr. ghidehara said Japan was ad
hering strictly to theje-ms of the
peace treaty and that it not only
could not ' fortify the islands, but
could not even train the natives for
military purposes beyond police work.
Dl A MET I AMnC DM QUID
jrL.AI.fc LAIMUO UN bHIr
First Feat of Kind Accomplished
on British Man o' Wr.
LONDON, April 6. The first air
plane to rise from and alight again
on the- deck of a warship was one
of those aboard the Furious while
the British fleet was off Vigo re
cently, says the London Times.'
Airplanes ascended from the Furi
ous during the war, but were unable
to land on the vessel again.
Council to Submit Car
Problem to People.
CONFERENCE IS AT SALEM
Removal of Paving Costs and
Bridge Tolls Considered.
FARE RISE CHAMPIONED
Commissioner Corey and Mr. Bige
low Believe That Relief Will
Not Defer Advance.
SALEM. Or., April 5. (Special.)
Definite decision to submit a meas
ure to Jhe voters of Portland In May
providing for relief to the Portland
Railway, Light & Power company by
removing paving charges, bridge
tolls and other so-called burdens now
borne by the car riders and transfer
ring such costs to the general tax
payers at the city was reached by
members of the city council of Port
land today, folowlng a lengthy con
ference with the public service com
mission of Oregon.
It is also possible that the city
council will submit a proposal to
the voters relieving the company from
paying paving costs acrrued during
past years, said to amount to ap
proximately 1500,000. City Engineer
Laurgaard and Chief Engineer Green
of the public service commission
were instructed to formulate esti
mates to show the actual cost to the
city if these burdens are lifted from
Mr. Bnwi'i View Kt Askei.
Portland city officials reached Sa
lem early today and went into imme
diate conference with the members of
the public service commission.
The proposed plan of submitting a
measure to authorize the city to ac
quire the trackage of the Portland
streetcar company was hastily dis
posed of. Efforts of City Attorney
La Roc he to call in Attorney-General
Brown to pass on the legal status of
this proposal were defeated when
Chairman Buchtel of the public serv
ice commission contended that even
though the attorney-general would
find the proposal to be in accord with
the state constitution, the ddVibt
placed in the mind -of the public
through the published opinion of City
Attorney LaRoche would be suf
ficient to defeat the measure.
The proposals which Mayor Baker
assured the pubVc service commis
sioners would be submitted next
month to a vote of the people In
clude the. removal of maintenance
costs on pavements already laid
bridge tolls, franchise taxes, car li
censes, free transportation of city
employes and maintenance and depre
ciation of prospective paving. to
which is attached an annual cost to
the company of J200.000, according to
Itrllrr MlKht Cheek Rim.
The relief of lOO.OOO yearly was ad
mitted by members of the public serv
ice commission to be insufficient to
prevent an increase of fares. It
, was the general belief that such
relief. If granted, would prevent an
8-cent fare, but would probably re
quire an fncrease of 1 cent over the
present fare with possibly 1 cent
Members of the city council ap
peared unprepared for the hearing.
For hours the discussion was con
fined to irrelevant qliesctions hurled
at the public service commission
relative, in the main, to the possible
relief which might be afforded by
the acquisition of the trackage by the
city, a question which bad been dis
posed of early in the day.
When asked for an opinion of the
legal powers of the city to remove
the' so-called "burdens" from the trac
tion company. City Attorney LaRoche
announced that he had not yet reached
an opinion, and that he desired to
confer with Attorney-General Brown,
so that a joint opinion could be
issued. Late yesterday he submitted
his conclusions on this subject to the
attorney-general and an answer Tues
day was promised.
Mayor Baker and Commissioners
Mann and Barbur Abdicated willing
ness to submit the relief measures tu
the voters, while City Commissioner
Pier stood flatly for increased rates
as the solution of the problems of tha
transit system of Portland.
BiKelow Acalsit Action.
City Commissioner Bigelow made
no pledge as to how he would vote
when the questions of submission of
measures to the voters came before
the council, but his action through
out the hearing today Indicated that
he will oppose any Intervention by
the council or the voters into the
question, which he said he believed
should be handled by the public serv
ice commission of the state.
At the opening of the afternoon
session H. E. Kidney, president of the
streetcar men's union addressed the
joint meeting and urged adoption of
some speedy relief measures which
would eliminate any chance of reduc
tion of pay given the employes of
The company has already filed no
tice of reopening of the wage ques
tion," said Mr. Kidney. "Decrease of
wages will mean either a strike q
iConoluded on Fax S. Cuiuma i j
Charles S. Rathbun Arrested After
' Making Restitution or Full
BOISE. Idaho. April 5. (Special.)
Charies S. Rathbun, auditor for the
Boise Artesian Hot & Cold Water com
pany for several years, today was
arrested on a charge of embezzlement.
Bond of 11200 was fixed by the court,
which Rathbun today had not' fur
nished. The complaint was made by E. S.
Delana, prosecuting attorney, who
brought the action in the justice court
of Judge Anderson. It charged Rath
bun with embezzlement of funds to
the amount of $1200 from the water
company covering a period from No
vember 1, 1919, to December 1, 1919.
Rathbun had confessed to the em
bezzlement of $14,500 from the com
pany, but full reparation was made
by signing over a handsome residence
he had Just compjeted on Warm
Springs avenue, together with the ex
pensive furnishings and other per
The shortage was discovered after'
auditors had been placed on the books
by the company. It was traced to
Rathbun. He claimed that he had
credited it to his account during the
past 12 months. Announcement of the
arrest created a genuine sensation,
as Rathbun was widely known here
and was popular. He had been prom
inently identified with a number of
lodges. The company did not file
BROADWAY FOUND WET"
Officer Says Preacher's
Charges "Not News to Us."
NEW TORK. April 5. The charge
that wet revelry reigned nightly
along New Tork's "gay white way,"
made in a sermon Sunday by Rev.
John Roach Straton, pastor of Calvary
Baptist church, "was not news to us
prohibition agents here," James J.
Shevlln. federal prohibition enforce
ment officer, commented tonight.
Mr. Straton declared he had made
a personal Investigation of 'vice"
conditions and found that cocktails,
highballs and whisky straights were
sold freely and that "hootchie
kootchie" and "shimmy shake" and
the "cheek tooche" were danced
openly In various cafes and cabarets.
"We know stuff is being sold in
cafes and cabarets along Broadway,"
Mr. Shevlln said, "but the fact is, it
is very difficult for us to get evi
dence." In announcing that Dr. Straton
would testify before the "vice grand
jury" Thursday, District Attorney
Edward Swan said:
"We have invited the reverend gen
tleman to come here and' tell the
grand Jury all he knows about any
violations of the law."
HOLY CITY BIT TURBULENT
188 Hurt in Jerusalem in Easter
JERUSALEM, April 0. One hun
dred and eighty-eight casualties
mostly slight, occurred as a result
of a conflict here on Easter Sunday.
The military are in control of th
Hoover's Friends Organizing.
BOSTON, April 6. Organization of
tne Hoover republican club of Massa
cnusetis was completed today with
tne selection or George D. Pratt of
springneld as chairman.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
i estbkimi 5 Maximum temperature.
nejrees; minimum, 44 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
France begins advance to seize more of
uermtny. raie l.
uor. (tress asKed to refund rail deficit.
Japan agrees to consortium for financial
am to cnina. Face 4.
"Fearful" loss in war duo to unprepared
nesa, declares Senator Wadsworth.
Le of money in raca for presidency in-
evaaoie, says Mark Suilivaa. Page 2.
Albers ease rehearing denied by U. S. .ap
peal court, rage l.
15SO coal miners in Kansas strike in pro-
iest to wage awara. rage 1.
Federal government takes step to prevent
in&n plckotlng . ot .British embassv.
Portland ' city council decides at Salem
conference to submit problem of relief
for car company to people. Page 1.
Centralla Armistice day slayers sentenced
to 25 to 40 years. Page 3.
209-mile trip made in search of minister
to tie nuptial knot. Page 1.
Boise man arrested after making full
reparation for embezzlement. Page 1.
Washington republicans take steps for
' caucuses. Page 5.
Haunts of drug addicts throughout north.
west are searched for slayer of Seattle
'. deputy sheriff. Page 7.
Ballplayers in great 'demand and salaries
are rising fast. Page 12.
Billy Masco tt signs to fight Pal Moore in
Seattle. Page 12.
Eighteenth annual Pacific Coast league
baseball season opens today. Page VS.
Commercial and Marine.
Lover mohair prices stop selling in coun
try. Pae 81.
Chicago corn fluctuates with railroad strike
developments. Page 21.
Recovery in exchange aids rise in stock
market. Page 21.
Big lumber mill assured for Vancouver.
Wash. Pago 20.
Shipping board separates operating de
partment from construction and repair.
Portland and Vicinity.
9pruc road lease under . negotiation.
James O. Convlll predicts passage f bonus
legislation before next winter. Page 13.
Legislative race falls to bring out many
candidates. Pago 11.
Cncle Sam preferred creditor of railroads.
Mays Northern Pacific official. Page 14.
Records of August Jungo, mTsalnr truck
tent, to be probed by grand jurx,
Army Begins March to
FRANKFORT IS TO BE TAKEN
Note Explains Big Force in
Ruhr Is Feared.
TREATY OBEDIENCE ASKETh
French Reiterate Denial of Hostile
Designs, bnt Insist on With
drawal of Teuton Arms.
MATENCE, April 5. (By the As
sociated Press.) The French troops
will occupy Frankfort early tomorrow
morning. Some detachments have al
PARIS, April 5. (By the Associat
ed Press.) The attitude of the French
government in the present German
crisis was defined and explained in a
note Issued tonight. After reiterat
ing that the government has no hos
tile designs toward Germany, desir
ing, on the contrary, the resumption
of normal relations with that coun
try and expressing realization-of the
difficult situation of the Berlin gov
ernment, the' note declared the Ger
man government had given way to
pressure by the militarist party "not
fearing to infringe on the imperative
and most solemn stipulations of the
Troop-Movr Requests V icvrrsL
The note continues: -
"The sequence of facts 'follow: The
first request for permission for the
entry of extra troops into the Ruhr
district was made Just after the in
surgent movement by the military au
thorities on March 15. It was re
newed from Berlin on March 17 In
the name of the legitimate govern
ment by Von Haniel, who has re
mained in Berlin with the consent.
at least implied, of the insurgent gov
ernment. All information from the allied
missions and again the day before
yesterday from the high commission
ers at Coblenz does not cease to show
that German military Intervention is
uncalled for by the situation, and it
would be attended with the gravest
dangers from the point of view of
security both for the population and
the men in the field."
DlMarsnasnr m t Held Kvaded,
The note then pointed out that if
the German government had carried
out the disarmament clauses of. the
treaty there would never have been
the . Kapp insurrection nor the red
array in the Ruhr district, and re
marked that articles 42 and 44 are '
such an indispensable safeguard that
article 1 of the Franco-Anglo-American
convention defines as a cacus
foederis those dispositions insufficient
to assure the protection of Europe.
"The situation .created by the ab
rupt offensive of the German troops
in the Ruhr obliges the French gov
ernment today to consider military
measures, the execution of which can
not be deferred. The eole object of
these measures is to bring Germany
to due respect of the treaty and
they are exclusively of a coercive and
Use of Bis; Force Soapeeted.
The latest information reaching
the foreign office confirms its be
lief that, despite the assurance of
ficially given by the Germans that
only a very limited number of troops
had been sent to the Ruhr, in reality
the number amounts to an army of
All information from the country
bordering on the Ruhr basin, it- was
said at the foreign office today,
tended to prove there was no neces
sity of the Germans sending an army
into the Ruhr, as the workers and
communists were exhausted and with
out money, food or ammunition. Con
firmatory information has also been
received that the movement in the
industrial region was not bolshevik
in nature, although many aliens were
Involved, and was essentially anti
militaristic. DUSSEL)DORF, April 5. (By the
Associated Press.) The reichswehr
troops have occupied Mulheim, east
of Duisburg, the reds retreating to
Essen and the south. The reichswehr
began marching on Essen.
The advance in the Ruhr region
continued today and Oberhausen,
Dortmund and Luedenscheid were oc
cupied. Only a few hundred com
munists offered resistance. Com
munication with the occupied towns
has been cut off.
BERLIN. April 5. (By tlve Associ
ated Prese.) The government forces
have lost 200 men killed in fresh
fighting in the triangle formed by
Duisburg, Dortmund and Essen, ac
cording to information given the cor
respondent this morning.
Except in this triangle quiet grad
ually was being restored in the Ruhr
It la estimated that at least two
weeks will elapse before conditions
are normal. The assertion was made
today that the military employed in
the Ruhr region, with the exception
of a few additional batteries, does not
exceed the force authorized by tt
tCooeiuded on Fag 1, Column 2.J