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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1920)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 1, 1920.
TERMINAL DEVELOPMENT MARKS EPOCH FOR CITY, WORLD SHIPPING CENTER!
Portland Commission of Public Docks Makes Rapid Progress on Modern Rail-andrWater Facilities, Including Piers, Elevators, Warehouse and All Conveniences New Dry Dock Ordered to Handle Large Vessels j
I - or r.
; . . - . ' . , - - '. J ' " -?- --r 'N tf-- -
; rf , , , --r-f. w
, THE PORTLAND COMMISSION OF PUBLIC DOCKS IS RUSHING TO COMPLETION THE TERMINAL PROJECT AT ST. JOHNS. WHICH THE ABOVE ILLUSTRATION DEPICTS AS IT WILL APPEAR WHEN FINISHED.
By O. B. HeKrdt, Secretary. Commission the existing port facilities were then of IB miles. The trackage now con- time. This pier is provided with now being- excavated to permit of the electric freight piling machines and eight large lumber docks, varying
of Public Docks, Portland.
BEFORE the city of Portland be
gan the construction of mu
nicipal., commercial water ter
minal facilities for the port, there
had been developed, by private inter
ests, a harbor frontage of about four
and one-half miles in length, which
wholly inadequate. structed for the elevator and piers automatic sprinkler systems. early construction of pier No. 3, elevators. from 450 to 1012 feet in length, their
As this movement developed and 1 and 2 is close to seven miles. Pier No. 2, if used for lumber alone, 1500 feet long and 225 feet wide. The structures at these terminals total berthing space being 4742 lineal
assumed definite shape it soon be- In acquiring this extensive site for has a storage capacity in excess of With funds voted in 110 the fol- ar Protected with automatic sprink- feet Each dbck had rail connection
came evident that private capital the St. Johns municipal terminal, the 10.000.000 feet. lowing general cargo terminals were rl?' Ver7 " both in thly?s "an" -Ion" Jhe mmJ"
could not be depended upon or be ex- commission had in mind the desira- The mechanical equipment now constructed: A quaj; dock 640 feet ln ieri(rth. Four fuel oil docks, each about 400
pected to undertake work of such billty of being able to furnish cheap provided for piers 1 and 2 consists A quay dock 955 feet In length, 300 covered with a transit shed 100x440 feet in length, with a combined crude
magnitude, for the more the subject and convenient locations for such of one 15-ton and one 40-ton locomo- feet of which has two levels. This feet, leaving a space of 100x120 feet oil storage of 422,913 barrels and re-
n. a k.l-,, , , . 1 ..... 1 . n ' -...v, ...w o . ... - inuuiiii .o ., lliwi ua. III. U 1 C 1 1 a . 1 Bill., .CWKJ 111 (VOLS, CICVU IV U Ul, ,o Willi L IIAIIBIL SIICU . - - "
was Demg used by vessels ranging .t ... . .... ... ' . .1 i o t j 1. .-h 011 .r.mnanv T'n nti
. . - ""j ' ..tw.i.ii in-.iuii uivKiauiiiic. uauii uuireu iiie commnKiiun ot rail ana irucus. tractors ana crane, electric vao teet in lenKin ana iuu xeet in ... - .
came under the control of the com- or Lanrornia, Associated oil company
from the usual type of river steamers
and coasters to the large ocean-going
carriers. This waterfront develop
ment included also' such docks as
were being utilized in connection
with industrial plants.
But with the construction and
early completion of the Panama
canal a general movement began
among the principal north Pacific
coast ports to enlarge and modernize
their terminal facilities. The near
completion of this waterway and the
establishment of an important new
trade route for world shipping, un-
reconstruction programme. Each quired the combination of rail and trucks, tractors and crane, electric 935 feet in length
. I. , - i,.,..,..!,,. iier are . aturt, aim conveyors. "'""V, .... ., , ,,. mission when the former city of St. and Shell company.
wi.uH.u .u..j ...buuu. v uuuu. v V a TllliaUlU 1UI L1I1D U U T IIIC'UIUUL r tT V 1 I ) 1 1 1 1 lllinD TIE
up to the requirements of its pros- pose. The location of this terminal grain ln bulk, having a capacity of
dock. 120 feet in width and 484 feet '.,," '"", , , .K ..V
lie a wen 1 a w j ' 1 1" v v a u v " IVAUIIIK riiaill, Willi l.ttlJacilJ' 1' L OUU
live Business ana that tneir pro- is In the widest part of the harbor, wubhcio , lul mo oeiaunS --- ""-" " 7"" ,1 7. vided with trackage facilities by the tons an hour, loadine: from 5000-ton
i . ... . ... nniiNA or rnf sira r rv nag ron 1 a AoiskLii vjl lho oiiu. ill n iuiii. t . . . ...
vision snouia oe unaertaxen witnout the channel being 1600 feet in front A .V . X. ,, A irhnns. n th. r.or of h commission. storage DunKers. witn reserve ground
delay- of the site Both the channel and sle"ed. with th v'ww ' handling - warehouse iri the rear of the Tneae tnree tertninalg have a com. 8toraKe of 10 0oo tons. This plant Is
01 rne site. jiotn tne cnannel and grain from a 1.000.000-bushel exten- Quay dock 190x200 feet. bined berthing SDace for vessels of owned and onerated bv the Pacific
Municipal Terminal Developme.t. the slips are dredged to 30 feet at sion to the elevator. A warehouse along the open pier llneal f eft, with storage undeJ Coast Cf company
The St. Johns municipal terminal extreme low water. An initial installation of six steel Ift-, . , . shed of 368,400 square Teet. capable Orain beinir one of the nrincinal
will be one of the most modern joint" and slip construction is em- tanks, with pipe lines, compressed This 'Jl of handling at one time 34.000 tons bomra dltU hand ed hrough t . port
rail-and-water terminals in the cpun- tS tfg tatlesfe' t'cf f S PIn'e UiTies. ZZZ '- T&??&$Z: been'
- - n ' - -- . ... " J 1 1. 1 1.1,. I 1 .1 1 M I TRCH I 1T1 V OOV1.n v. . . . v. ... v-.i .. J . Ill LUIim:i L1UL1
carriers with economy and with
dispatch, equipped with modern' me- for the full length of the pier.
feet Ions' ertvtr rl
transit shed ISO feet in width wltn the oil and molasses business
there are being constructed three e-
for one 500-foot and two 450-foot ves- detail the publicly-owned and oper- port are: Portland Flouring Mills com
ated terminals of the port as being Pany. 560 feet long; Pacific Coast
chanlfAl frAte-ht-hnnrilinir mn.hin.i-v Plp TkTs. 9 1 KArt I n a- large bare'es or tiphtura nrn.Ma
doubtedly was the more direct and with trackage facilities which will feet wide,' to be temporarily used as with tanks for ,the bulking and
controlling factor which directed the permit of all necessary switching an open pier for the storage and torage of these commodities,
attention of these port authorities to operations of freight cars to be per- handling of lumber, steel and other New Dry Dock Ordered
The commission has authorized the
the necessity of preparing -for the formed on tne Premises, with sur- bulk commodities.
increased ocean commerce expected
on account of the opening of the
canal, as well as for the rapidly ex-
The slin nervine- niero 1 9 i. . i"o a two-level quay OOCK BZ6 leet in ing ana snip ou
0 feet wide construction of a 12.000-ton floating length, covered with a transit shed are as follows:
Th mechanical Aoiiinmonl- sit thla of more recent, and. therefore, of more fc.levatOr company, 560 feet: Albina
terminal consists of one 20-ton loco- modern construction, mention is here dock No. 2. 550 feet; Crown Mills dock,
motive crane, electric dock winches, made of similar facilities provided by 8 feet; Irving dock, 400 feet; Mersey
trucks and conveyors, cargo hoists private Interests, exclusive of docks dock. 325 feet; Spokane, Portland &
and freight elevator. used wholly for industrial, shipbuild- Seattle railway dock (one-half of the
' . . . .. ... -t 1 . x enn A.
A two-level quay dock 5Z6 feet ln ing and snip outntting purposes, xney uvi-n.. uv i .. ,
These docks are provided witn
plus trackage for car storage.
space for the berthing at one time Pier No. 1 has a storage eanacltv w ,"7 Z " Dme are iuu reet in width the run length or Tne large sawrnm estaonsnments cleaning lacnines ana eiectric con-
f 14 500-foot vessels and a track- for 35.000 tons of general car.ro or Tj . oV T , , . ,tne aocR- Tne trackage of the dock located in the harbor wnicn are well veyors tor aeuvermg sacKea gram 10
canai. as wen as ior tne rapidly ex- er 14 500-root vessels and a track- for 35.000 tons of general carirn or n m o . Vl T t ... l"c u"t- x rle tracaage ot tno dock locaieu iu nai uui wmtii mo cw iv. "
panding oriental traffic, for which age serving the piers and elevator 66,000 tons of grain and flour at on f"P o. 2 at the St. Johns municipal has placement for 20 40-foot cars. This supplied with facilities for the ship- vessels. They handle only
' gram ana nour at one terminal, serving piers 3 and 4, is dock is provided with cargo hoists, ment of lumber by water. There are grain, but have some bin capj
grain in process of cleaning. These
docks have a total storage space for
sacked grain of 159,000 tons at one
Elevator la Feature.
A prain elevator of 280,000 bushels'
capacity. The flour mills of the port
havp. in addition, bulk storage ca
pacity for about 750,000 bushels, and
these mills have a dally output of 7750
barrels of flour.
For the handling of general cargo
there are seven docks, which have a
total capacity at one time of 50.500
tons of cargo. They are: Oregon
Washington dock (Union Paciftc). 560
feet long; Spokane, Portland & Se
attle railway dock (one-half of the
dock). 500 feet; Columbia dock No. 1,
355 feet; Albers dock Nos. 2 and 3,
460 feet; Albers dock No. 1, 305 feet;
Ainsworth dock (Union Pacific), 1000
feet; Couch-street dock. 260 feet.
Seven river steamer docks, with a
total berthing space of 1610 lineal
feet, and general cargo capacity of
It will, therefore, be seen that pri
vate interests and the municipality
have well prepared for and are in the
very best position to handle a large
volume of foreign and domestic com
merce, and these extensive terminal
facilities, with the excellent channel
conditions which have now been per
manently established, the largest
ocean carriers and their cargoes are
readily accommodated by the port.
PORTLAND IS HELD LOGICAL SHIPPING CENTER
With Improvement of Harbor and Rivers, City Should Also Plan to Become Great Manufacturing and I
1 Distributing Point, Declares United States Engineer. 1
By Major J. K. Slattery. Corps of undertaken in 1866. Since then jetties
Eaiclneers. of great length have been constructed
BEFORE improvement the mouth on both sides of the entrance to the
of the Columbia was obstructed Columbia; the channel has . been
by a shifting bar. through which aredsed, and contraction works placed
there were from one to three chan- at the mo8t troublesome localities;
nels, affording depths of only 19 to lock "n1alBr, hav!, be" ntructed
21 feet at mean lower low water "ou?dthe,C?1scadesvT,he a"d
From the mouth to the Cascades the th faJL8 at 9Ttegn C"y a"d sna8rs
V .1". 1 WlJOLtiLlLO nave uccu - x c
moved. As a result of this work
river was obstructed by numerous
bars over which there were limiting
extensive improvements than could be
considered at the present time must
be undertaken to meet the transpor
tation needs of the country. This
further Improvement will probably
not only -provide much deeper and
more , easily navigable channels, but
also great hydro-electric power.
Portland is situated to all Intents
and purposes at the junction of the
tvniamette and the Columbia, th,
soma sheltered cove, pitching the
camp on the nearby beach and coax
ing a few game fish out of the water
Into the sizzling frying Dan. and after
supper the old jimmy pipe around the 1
campfire and all the rest of the care- I
free joy of doing what you please I
when you want to, makes one fee! ' I
mat lire has a few bright spots left,
after all. .
Then a plunge in the creek In the
morning, "up sail and away" for the
adventures of the day, with all kinds
of fish waiting over the side of the
I PORTLAND IS SALES AND SUPPLY HEADQUARTERS)
Emergency Fleet Corporation Makes City Western Center of Division Having in Charge Disposal of Large
Fleet and Property Used During War Period.
By W. B. Mshoncj. places where it was found certain
PORTLAND acquired additional valuable facilities were not fully op
prestige ln a maritime way dur- erated, owing to changes war wrought
ing the last half of the period commercially, so the government or-
, , . , , . . , .A. ft n . n aerea macninery in bucii nniuuiua
t0be Ca.Uht' fn2 BTefn Stuff endin December Zl, 1919, when the that lnterto plant8 could ,ue
fruit and vegetables to be had at soma city was designated the headquarters tne,r output on a capaclty basis.
Z,i"d .,fIMu.se. aim?f ?or th8 in the west for the supply and sales N wltn the worlt of buiialnf
asking surely this is the life to make
almost any old "kill-joy" human ln a
division of the emergency fleet cor
poration, an organization that Is
ships halted by the shipping board as
far as the actual war onnage fig-
the great recreation charged with the disposition of what urea, though it is the eve of a new
the beautiful water- remains from tne reverisn ana mguiy ..v.s. ........ w j.
depths of from 10 to 15 foot hfin there is now a channel 41 feet deep point where logically produce brought Recognising
.F i...L ir.om.-,,V?- " .!eet flow and 1200 feet wide across the bar. -40 by river ho fro kmi. ... f
J:ZJ: .OI LIro.m feet deep and 3000 feet wide thence should be transf.rr.H VI .D, ;' . VHti worir of building shins to cial carriers, the material and fin
Ago. a group or water enthusl- onset tne lunrannno " r , 1, V .
fofnled what is now known a. Germans. . m ?,ut fc Be?d the. lg?t .m.trf"i
of the Willamette and Vancouver,
Wash., and of about five feet from
Vancouver to the Cascades.
At the Cascades the river flows for
about 44 miles through a narrow
gorge in the mountains. In the up
per half mile of this reach there is
a fall of 24 feet, and a half mile
nearly up to Fort Stevens, and 30. feet
deep and 300 feet wide thence to
250 feet wide thence to Celilo, and 4V
lowor oown thr 1c . f.n f .. leel ueel' ""nce xo tne mourn oi tne
going vessels or first turned into years
manufactured nrtlula i octet
transferred R!.!.- .h iZ-i,. Z,.H" " j th. metronolis of the state fleet that sickened the Huns, is being
Above the mouth of the Willamette cording to students of water tV.n.I thrivina- enth.is!M,. .ntit'ti temnorarilv became the hub of the offered private interests with which
the channel ln the Columbia is 20 feet portatlon and development. have about 200 members, with a mosquito largest organization the Pacific coast to build and fit out new carriers, to
deep and 300 feet wide up to Van- played no smajl part in the develop- fleet of nearly 100 craft. The club has known for fitting out vessels and be used In varied industrial and com
couver. Wash.; seven feet deep and ment of great manufacturing centers occupies its own clubhouse on leased furnishing industrial projects with mercial avenues and for general pur-
ln t-uroDe and the TTnlteH stot.. STround on the. eastern k.nv ,. eaulriment ana material. nun us "
tne past, and even a-reatei
tne Willamette aDove fort- ment seems possible for.
land the channel is. six feet deep and-since the same works that
ter develop- Willamette in the Southern part of outlets on the ocean and haying agen- for vessels, the tocks are so varied
ar- Portland Portland. Recently the club pur- cles at the principal ports, the supply that parts of them have been fitted
t would pro- chased a ten-acre site on a nearby and sales division not alone handle. Into plants and Inst tutions far re-
feet in a distance of 1500 feet
the river was originally effectually "?t less than 100 fe'et wide to Oregon vide much better channels wouW also Island and plans soon to erect a mod-, surplus property remaining at the
blocked so far as navigation was con- ,7. m t -1, . w provide cheap power, as compared em home and moorage ground fo
cerned by rapids, having in the 94 . , "'""""""'' witn wnat steam power of the future the rapidly-increasing fleet.
miles between these poinfs a total fall iLene fwnV'fZ.I?'" th6 tr,?m n"hnt5 supply, of coal and CroI.e. 4 chsrmls.
, u .. , , - , " . r channels become a little better. oil will Drobablv coat cruises Are Charming.
water, of which 36 feet occurred In
a. distance of 4500 feet.
Before Improvement, freight was
portaged around both of these reaches
first by teams and afterward by
steam railroad. From Celilo to the
mouth of the Snake river there was
a channel three feet in depth, but
it was crooked and abounded in rap
V ids, shoals, projecting ledges or rock
and isolated boulders. Similar con
ditions existed up to the head of
steamboat navigation at Priest rap
ids, 397 miles above -the mouth of
the river, i
The Willamette river, on which the
city of Portland is located, 14 miles
tor scenes of shipbuilding, but draws also
from interior points as iar as Den
ver, where no small assistance was
lent by machinery manufacturers
moved from the realm of maritime
Sales Force Organized.
Less than six months ago C. O.
Yoakum, selected by executives of the
Commerce has largely disappeared ' Portland should therefor. nt Periodically throun-h the rriitolno durinar the war. Spokane also con
from the Columbia above Vancouver lay plans to become a r.,t monih.xrv rwh. tributed needed gear and there were emergency fleet corporation as gen
and from the Willamette above Ore- but should also Dlan to henonT. ' j. . , . " . , other cities away from the coast, eral manager of the western district.
F.0".?"5:' 'a.at.heJc.u.?.tI? trLDJuta.r.yr ?reat .rlver P?rt and a great manu- 1 7 Z .
iacturing center. The mere transfer T . . , . jnimiinnamiminMHiiinimimiimmi
c nl.nl. ..t 4...... - . ,
. oyvi. v. jvi.id BuiiiD ig w n aiunfi
the river In a civic celebration. Every
year there is a schedule of racintr re
gattas, and the club boasts, and not
luly.so, that it has more than held its
to these streams, develops and be
tunica mule utuoci, jiuuumicu, mis or raw material from train or river
system of waterways is believed to boat to ocean carrier is of small bene
be destined to play a great part in flt to a port compared with the bene
transportation. Now the improvement f lts that accrue from taking this raw
is somewhat in advance of the needs produce and converting it int n...
of the vasst territory-served, but there - factured articles and then .hii own in all inter-club regattas.
will come a time when much more these manufactures When winter time comes, the club
HiiiiMtiiiiiiitHiitiutiHiiiiiimiiiitimiMiniiiiMinimim fireside comes into its own and
d trees and smokers are then in or
der. All through the year something
Is dolrg all the time, and the club
sailor is a busy and jolly tar, a good
leuow among gooa reiiows in the
MOTORBOATING GREAT SPORT 1 1
above its junction with the'coiumbia, Columbia and Willamette Rivers Afford Ample Opportunity for Vxt
was originally obstructed by bars Devotees, Who Have Fine Organization. . 1 The club's official organization
over which there were depths of only
from 10 to 15 feet below Portland, of
about five feet thence to the Oregon
City falls, which completely blocked
navigation. Above these falls there
were available depths of 2V4 feet to
By George J. Kelly.
somewhat along naval lines... The I
ll? commodore i the mnViner officer .nd
a few hours to a nearby island or oth- he has all kinds of officers of the 1
U j . ' er wooded picnic spot, or may cruise line to help him carry the gold braid
. ror weeks along these waterways, and gold buttons around. To witness
other water craft. The Willam- amid the same 2-rent rncw r-Mfr. .nj ..it. ,ih it.
the mouth of the Yamhill and one foot ette and Columbia rivers, with the wooded hills and lowlands thftt T iit f dorefl ate ur.th (TaM hrn.d .tvln.e
thence to Harrisburg, but these chan- many smaller streams and sloughs and Clark in their diary of over 100 and stars, one might easily imagine
nels were .much obstructed by drift, that empty into them, afford unlim- years agct so vividly described. ' that he was taking part in a review
snags and rock ledges. ited possibilities for cruising along a The joyous healthf ulness of the of the Pacific fleet, but It all goes to
The first work looking to the 1m- ehore line that Is ever-changing in its. cruising sport must be tried to be make up the real joy. of being alive
provement of these waterways was variety. One may take a cruise ior appreciated anchoring at dusk in and doing for the r.iotorboat sailor.
PORT OF PORTLAND AND
COMMISSION OF PUBLIC
ON SWAN ISLAND .
What to do with Swan island,
lying in the lower Willamette
river, is a subject of much in
terest in the harbor develop
ment of Portland.
Some favor its complete re
moval and others believe it
should be removed in part only.
As a means of adjusting these
conflicting views and of arriv
ing at a conclusion aa to the
best course to pursue, the Port
of Portland commission and the
commission of public docks have
appointed George W. Boschke,
designer of the famous Galves
ton seawall, to work out a
feasible plan and to present It
as soon as possible.
came to the coast to direct the forma
line tlon of a sales force with ith attendant
I warehouse sections. Part of Mr.
I Yoakum's .previous experience had
been in launching a gulf coast yard.
bo he lost no time in preliminaries
1 for the vast selling body. Jay S. Ham-
i ilton, who was in charge of the fir
production board's responsibilities in
the northwest during the war, accept-
1 ed the billet of assistant to Mr. Yoa-
kum in charge of sales and J. H.
Wood, identified with the wood con-
1 struction division in the Oregon dis-
trlct, became another assistant ln
charge of the material section. Fol-
I lowing immediately was the work of
S- gathering experienced men for all de-
I partments and the opening of sub-
i offices at San Francisco and Seattle.
1 The details of opening concen-
1 tration warehouses, into which was
I moved surplus stocks from va-
3 rious shipyards that had finished
government contracts, were next
I given impetus. The Grant Smith-
I Porter ship company B plant at St.
the Liberty yard, at Alameda, became
the assembling point for California
and the Seaborn yard, at Tacoma, was
designed as the concentration yard
and warehouse for Washington.
Today those establishments, though
lacking much of the surplus equip
ment and material housed there a
few months ago, for selling has been
active and in unusual quantities, are
models ln warehousing. Prospective
purchasers are piloted through the
properties and given opportunity to
make selections of stocks, inspecting
and investigating before purchase,
and, with the same shipping facilities
as any Jobbers offer, either railroad
or water transportation being acces
sible, goods are moved promptly and
ln any amount.
As the disposition of property is di
rected from Portland, so do the pro
ceeds find their way through the
financial division here, with the re
sult that millions have been handled.
As the supply and sales division of fers
all fittings for ships, from thie tiniest
tack to anchors and chains and from
main engines and boilers to a coffee
urn for the galley, it is no wonder
sales are climbing. ,
Then, too, during the past few
weeks the division has been, given au
thority to sell all of the wood hulls
remaining on the coast, which in
cludes the California fleet at Alameda,
the Oregon-built hulls moored in
TERMINAL. EQUIPMENT IS OF
When fully completed the
terminals now being construct
ed by the Portland commission
of public docks will accommo
date 14 500-foot vessels at a
Trackage serving the piers
and elevators will be 15 miles
Latest type freight-handling
machinery, with trackage facili
ties, will be a feature.
There is provided combined
storage facilities capable of
handling at one time 34,000
North Portland harbor and the Wash
ington hulls anchored on Lake Union.
About ten had been sold up to the
time business closed for 1919 and the
active solicitation for others is re
sponsible for the prediction that long
before 1920 has run its course the
last of the wood vessels will havi
passed out of the possession of Unclei
The hulls are being taken by men
who know wood ships as built on the
Pacific coast. Tluey have tried and
tested them in other years. They are
not ones swayed by tales of prejudice
as to the work of carriers formed of
tUe famed fir of the northwest and
see in the offer of the government
opportunity to acquire valued ton
nage at unexpected figures. The ba
sis at which hulls and complete out
fits are offered, which means every
thing required to equip the carriers
ln readiness for cargo, adding to that
the estimated cost of Installing the
equipment, represents less than $70
a ton, deadweight, where, jb Paclflo
coast builders say it is not possible
to contract for a vvessel of the size
3500 tons at even $100 a ton. The
chance to place ln service a desira
ble vessel at such an outlay ells th
story of the reoent sales.
Fifteen Vessels Sold.
Since November 15 sales of vessels.
equipment and material on
ciflc side have exceeded $2,1
It might be mentioned in passing
Uncle Sam is not sacrificing his stores
of vessel property. Standard, first
class articles form the stocks, there
tone they are not being moved at
"junk" quotations. At the same time
wise government officers have in
mind industrial conditions of the.
period and in seeking to realize in
most cases a fair percentage of what
property cost the government, sanc
tion no interference with normal Job
bing and manufacturing.
; vessels, J
the Pa- J
Already much of the property sold I
has figured in exports from the coast
to the Orient, and, with more agents J
on the other side requesting lists of
Johns, was selected for the Oregon
concentration. 2ard and warehouse; 5ualMm,MttiiisniiHnuMiiiiiiniimmiiHHiiiriiiiiisiHiiitiiMiiiinnimiii
what remains. It is not improbable
that 1919 exports will be overshad
owed three or four times by business
in 1920. What stocks are purchased
for export invariably move ln large
quantities. An instance early in De
cember was the purchase of 178
water tube boilers, all of the standard
type held on the coast, so buyers on'
the opposite side or the Pacific are-
evldently keenly alive to the chancel
the emergency fleet corporation of-
fers for the fitting out of ships economically.