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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 24, 1919)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, NOVE3IBER 24, 1919.
OVER PEACE TREATY
Senate's Action Raises
NEW PACT IS SUGGESTED
Assembly Is Much Concerned Over
Change in Relations With Ber
lin Now Threatened.
"BY ARNO DOSCH-FLKUROT.
(Copyright bv the New York World. Pub
lished by Arrangement.)
PARIS. Nov. IS. (.Special cable.)
The newly-elected French assembly
has before it the possibility of nego
tiating a new treaty with Germany.
The assembly as elected must sup
port the treaty as it stands, and the
restrictions placed by the United
States senate materially change the
treaty, according to the French view
point. The restrictions regarding ar
ticle X., to the moderate French view,
nullify the treaty and bring the whole
situation bark to the point before
President Wilson came to Europe.
From a French statesman rising
rstoidlv in prominence who is closely
connected with America and President
. W ilson. T get the following view
point, which will unquestionably pre
vail in the new assembly when it con
venes on December 8. He said France
and Kn eland had agreed before the
arrival of Mr. Wilson that it
necessary to hold the left bank of the
Rhine and separate the Rhine people
W I In on Proposal Accepted.
Belgium wa.s to go to Cologne and
France to hold the rest of the river
to Switzerland? with wide bridge
heads on the right bank. The Rhine
country wks to be divided into buffer
Mates, making France and Belgium
safe against invasion if Germany had
another attack of megalomania like
that of 1914.
The agreement was already iron
clad when Mr. Wilson reached Kurope
and convinced the French and British
statesmen that a league of nations
was more effective to keep peace, and
gradually induced the European
statesmen to accept a treaty basis
which limited occupation of the Rhine
for indemnity purposes, but made it
sufficiently long to give the league of
nations a chunce to become a living
.reality, so that the French troops
could safely withdraw from the Rhine,
regardless of what the political
changes were in Germany.
The French always suspected Ger
many would become her reactionary
old self again as soon as she recov
ered from defeat, but thought the
danger point could be passed within
13 years with the new era in inter
national relations. To accomplish this
they counted absolutely on the United
States. They regarded the league of
nations only safe if the United States
continued to maintain the place in
world politics it showed when it en
tered the war.
Senate Chan gen Situation.
They had implicit faith in Mr. Wil
son, and have yet. but see that the
senate has undermined the president's
posi Hon. The new French assembly
will t hus be faced with a different
situation from that when the peace
t reaty is signed. The assembly will
have to accept the senate's word that
France can not rely on the United
States to u phold the position of
America when she signed the treaty.
This being the. case, the assembly
must consider means to re-establish
French safety without counting abso
lutely on the league of nations. A
new treaty with Germany, forcing
Germany to relinquish all claim to the
Rhine provinces and establishing a
buffer republic economically allied to
France will be "the trenc1 of this
The assembly was elected in sup
port of the treaty as written, not as
modified by the senate, and will be
expected to protect French interests
There is little press comment on the
senate's action, partly on account of
t he newspaper strike, which contin
ues, and also because the editorials
written by the various newspapers in
the single organ at the present time
being published still discuss the elec
Hope 'ot Yet Abandoned.
But an important official in the
French foreign office, in commenting
on the senate s stand against the
treaty, still hopes that some means of
reaching a compromise exists. This
politician is an optimist, and. no
doubt, because the information
ceived here is not ample enough
throw a clear light on the matter, he
believes there is still hope for ratifi
cation. "If one reads the text of article X,
which, by the way, is very imprecise
and loose, it is difficult to believe that
not one person of good faith could
see in it irreducible opposition purely
V the reservation adopted bv the sen
ate," he remarked. "Everywhere pas
sion is a bud adviser, and in politics
more so. We want to think that those
passions which have arisen during
the long debate in Washington can be
restrained so as not to let questions
of persons or parties finally carry all
before them above the high interests
of civilization at a time when a vote
is to be cast which is to assure or
mar the peace of the world."
have the means of settling disputes
and of restoring order in all the dis
turned recrions of the world. Neve
theless. America's refusal to join with
Kurone in these great tasks will be
the greatest disaster of our time.
Moral Effect Feared.
"It is not so much that America's
abstention will involve us in practical
difficulties, though these difficulties
raav be serious enough. The nations
of South America may be reluctant to
join whole-heartedly in the league;
the smaller European nations may be
discouraged; even our own statesmen
may become lukewarm. But all of
these difficulties can be overcome if
public opinion is alert and energetic.
The great disaster is the moral one.
Kurope needs the United States.
Lord Percy points out that the war
broke down the barrier between
America and Europe.
"Not only did America come to the
help of Europe with . men, material
and money; she came to realize that
she had great moral responsibili",
not only in Europe but also in the
east, and she proved that she was
fully capable of living up to those'
responsibilities Is all this to be
thrown away? Are we to return to
1914 to build up the old barrier again
between east and west?
'America cannot do this even if she
would. She is in the midst of a great
era' of expansicm; both her commer
cial and her intellectual interests are
carrying her people into every quarter
of the globe. She may remain out
side the league, but she cannot disin
terest herself in what it does. Hav
ing refused to enter it. her present
suspicion will deepen, first into jeal
ousy andthen into hostility, and when
real hostility develops between Eu
rope and the United .States the col
lapse of the whole structure of mod
ern civilization will be inevitable.
Hasty Judgment Dlscourased.
"This is the danger. If it is to be
averted, we in England must refrain
from all hasty judgments on Amer
ica's present policy and must go
steadily on with the duty immedi
ately before us the building up of
the league in the interest, not of our
selves, but of the world at large.
Time is on our side, for. whatever
suspicions the American people may
entertain today, the time will come
when they will realize that the cove
nant was not born of any diplomatic
game at Paris, but was the fruit of
an earnest and wholly disinterested
effort to construct a practical, work
able international system to safe
guard the peace that we have so
The marquis of Crewe, formerly
colonial minister, in an article in the
Pall Mall Gazette, after pointing out
various circumstances which should
be considered in judging the senate's
"Last, but by no means, least; a
great many Americans feel that we
have all descended together from a
high plane of idealism on which the
league of nations came into being.
If there has not been an actual
scramble for material gains, there
has been something not far removed
from it. America, too, it might be
argued, must be sternly practical in
a practical world, and most practical
of all in holding aloof from the strug
gles and jealousies of a society so
imperfectly purified by the furnace
ilfllLIES THANKED FOB
AID AT VLADIVOSTOK
Revolution Thwarted, Rus
sian Chief Grateful.
REBEL MAKES STATEMENT
Sympathy Jm Extended.
"Such are some of the factors in
what at first sight appears to be the
great refusal of America, but there
is no sort of need to despair or even
to be greatly disheartened. The
league of nations indeed is a resil
ient body, and.jthough the action of
the majority of the senate is a hard
blow, the damage is not irreparable.
It is the duty of all of us to sympa
thise with the difficulties of America
in discussing and deciding these great
issues and to comprehend them as far
as we can. Our own political future
is not so sure that we can afford to
adopt an attitude of lofty criticism."
SHIFT OF POWER PROPOSED
Movement Xot Bolshevistic, Says
Czecno-Slovak Commander; Jap
anese Bitterly Censured.
VLADIVOSTOK. Nov. 21. (By the
Associated Press.) General Roanoff,
in a proclamation dealing with tfae
recent attempted revolution here,
"Congratulations to land and naval
forces and deepest gratitude to our
noble allies for the services they have
rendered. In the name of the gov
ernment, I thank the allied troops
who protected the property and the
dignity of the Russian state."
General Rudolph Gaida, Czecho
Slovak commander and leader of the
revolutionary forces, was interviewed
today as he lay in bed suffering from
a wound incurred during the fighting,
and guarded by Czecho-Slovak sol
"The revolutionary movement was
purely of the people," he said, "its
supporters being of the Russian dem
ocratic classes and its leaders includ
ing members of the czar's duma, three
figures in the Kerensky government
and many young Russian officers.
That was not bolshevistic. Its rec
ords and its leaders' programme, out
lined to the people, are all the proof
that is necessary.
Japanese Action Denounced
"As commander-in-chief, I led the
military forces, which included 100
of my personal guard. 500 deserters
from the government's forces and
1500 workmen and civilians. The
; fighting started when a company of
Russians fired on another company
which was coming over to us. I made
every effort within my power" to pre
"I believe we would have won had
not Japanese troops prevented our
sending out raiding parties from the
railway station. These parties were
turned back, placing us In a trap.
Unable to spread our activities, we
were surrounded, but held out until
the government forces brought up
General Gaida will be deported to
Czecho-frHovakia soon, but he,
nounced that he will continue to work
for the Russian cause. He bitterly
arraigned the policy and activities
of the allies in Russia.
Mppon Avows Neutrality.
The Russian official news agency
has issued a note of thanks to "the
allies, and particularly the Japanese
for services to the Russian cause."
The note adds: "Admiral Fedeoro-
vitch states the Japanese warship
Hizen aided our flotilla by illuminat
ing the station with its searchlights.'
In reply Admiral Kawahra issued a
statement from Admiral Fedeorovitch
authorizing him to deny the news
agency statement. The Japanese
naval force conformed to its attitude
of strict neutrality, he declared. The
Japanese press bureau also has asked
for a correction of the statement that
the allies, and especially the Japa
nese, aided the government forces in
the overthrow of the rebels.
erty In Linn county on the 19X9 tax
roll, exclusive of that of public serv
ice corporations, to be Messed later
by the state tax commission, is $-6.-568.160.
When the assessment is made
by the state commission the total of
the roll probably will be about $30,-000.000.
-The total valuation of the various
kinds of property is as follows:
Tillable land $ 7.342.170
Non-tillable land lO.S-MM'.tu
Improvements on deeded lnd.. 1,o1,4j
Town- and city lots 1,507, St0
Improvements on town and city
Improvements, land not deeded 9.0o0
Logging roads, rolling stock, and
water ditches 7.870
Machinery, etc 2t:-.745
Merchandise and stock in trade
Farming implements, automo
biles, etc 812,770
Notes and accounts.....'. " 23.1.605
Shares of stock 3u2.nl a
Hotel and office furniture 41,S05
horses, 10o 524.215
Cattle. 21.417 530.2M5
Sheep, 35.. 108 205.460
Swine. 7704 75,6u5
Dogs, 1263 7.350
Total - 920,568, 160
YAFD PLANTS TO REOPEN
EMPLOYERS TO SUPER
SEDE UNION RULES.
Wage Scale to Be Same as in Effect
Oct. 1; -Increased Production
Aim of New Plan.
SAX FRANCISCO. Nov. 23. Shop
practices in the shipyards, foundries
and metal trades plants of the San
Francisco bay district which under
union demands to the employers tend
ed to limit production, will be super
seded by rules drawn up by the em
ployers themselves, it was announced
here today, when the gates open to
morrow after an interval of almost
two months due to a strike.
These rules provide that the wage
scale, which is to be the same as that
effect when the men walked out,
October .1, is a minimum, to be ad
vanced in the case of men who shall
ncrease production. Each plant is
authorized to put in effect machinery
for the adjustment of disputes and
grievances within the plant itself by
co-operation with employes.
MARTENS MAY BE OUSTED
Stale Department to Be Asked
. "Deport" Ambassador.
NEW TORK, Nov. 23. Transcripts
or-tne testimony or l.udwiK c. A. K
Martens, the soviet ambassador,"
given before the Iusk investigating
committee last week, will be submit
mitted to the state department with
request for deportation, Samuel A.
Bergrer. deputy attorney-general, an
Martens will be examined again by
the committee Tuesday, and S. Nuor
t;va, secretary of the embassy," will
also be asked questions.
JOHNSON" WANTS DEPARTMKM
OF JUSTICE IX CHARGE.
Senator Working for Legislation to
Take Task Out of Hands of
Bureau of Labor.
SEMITE DELAY ALARMS
BKITISH HOPE FOR AMERICAN
APPROVAL. OF TREATY.
SEATTLE, Wash., Xov. 23. (Spe
cial. ) Determined to put an end to
the legal differences that for many
months have flocked the efforts of
the federal authorities in the state of
Washington to rid the commonwealth
of the I. W. W. and other anarchists.
Representative Johnson is working
for federal legislation that will take
the task of deporting undesirable
alien radicals out of the hands of the
department of labor and place it in
the hands of the United States de
partment of justice.
Representative Johnson yesterday
telegraphed Chief of Police Harry
Smith of Tacoma, declaring his pur
pose to work for the departmental
change and expressing the hope that
the necessary law would be obtained
by the first week in December so that
"deportation may really deport."
Mr. Johnson's telegram was in an
swer to one sent him by Chief of Po
lice. Smith urging the immediate de
portation of the alien I. W. W. and
other radicals now filling the city jail
in Tacoma, most of them arrested as
a result of the round-up of anarchists
made by the federal and state offi
cials following the assassination of
four returned soldiers by I. W.
during the Armistice day parade at
Refaxal Bring "Protewt.
The Johnson telegram added new
interest to the fact that Attorney
General L. Ij. Thompson had tele
graphed Senator Miles Poindexter pro
testing against the refusal of the de
partment of labor to hold for deporta
tion 13 of the 14 alien I. W. W. ar
rested at Centralia and demanding
that an immediate change be made in
CATHOLICS GET WARMING
Pastoral Letters Against Radical
ism Issued for Mexicans.
MEXICO CITT, Saturday, Nov. 22.
Catholics throughout Mexico were
warned today against the danger of
radicalism as represented by "social
ism and communism" in collective
pastoral letters signed by eight'arch-
bishops and 20 bishops.
These letters will be read in all
Catholic churches -Sunday.
TYPOS TO RESUME WORK
Mandate of Executive Council
Accepted .by Strikers.
NEW YORK, Xov. 23. A mandate
issued by the executive council of the
International . Typographical union
ordering the striking members pf
Typographical Union No. 6 back to
work, was accepted by a vote of 3 to 1
at a meeting of "Big Six today.
Leaders of the Insurgent element
announced they would decide tomor
row whether to defy the International
or return to work.
From This Sale
Your first duty this morning should
be to attend H. Liebes & Co.'s
of the season's
Sale of its
November Sale "Liebes" November Sale "Liebes"
$21.65 $28.65 $38.65 $48.65 $28.65 $38.65 $48.65 $58.65
for evening;, business or street.
Sizes for women and misses.
and finer qualities reduced.
Sizes for women and misses.
November Sale $19.65 $28-65 $38-65 $48-65 $78-65
All sizes for women and misses.
FAMOUS ALIENIST DEAD
Dr. Hamilton, Who Testified at
Trial of Garfield Assassin, Pusses.
GREAT BARRIXGTOX, Mass.. Xov.
23. Dr. Alan McLane Hamilton of
New York, widely known alienist and
specialist on nervous diseases, died
suddenly Rt his summer residence to
day. He was a grandson of Alexan
He testified for the government as
an expert in the trial of Guiteau. as
sassin of President oarlieia.
born in 1848.
UNIVERSITY HIT BY FIRE
.Montreal Buildings Burn; Los Is
Estimated at $400,000.
MONTRKAL, Xov. 23. The main
buildings of the University of Mont
real, better known as Laval uni
versity, containing the medical de-
were destroyed by fire last
The lost is estimated
39 Hurt in Street Car Crash.
CALK.VA, Kan., Nov. 23. Thirty
nine persons were in.iured, none dan
gerously, when two electric
crashed in a head-on collision
Teachers Meet at Cloverdale.
TILLAMOOK, Or., Nov. 23. (Spe
cial.) A local teachers' institute was
held at Cloverdale yesterday. It was
attended by a large number of teach
ers from the southern part of the
county. County Superintendent Lamb.
Pnnfessor Turnbull, superintendent .of
Tillamook city school, and Mrs. Berge
were the instruct(-s from this city.
LINN VALUE26 MILLIONS
Assessment on Non-Tillable Lands
ALBANY, Or.. Nov. 23. (Special.)
The total assessed valuation of prop-
l.onjiue ot Nations Must and Will
lie Formed. Says Lord Eustace
Percy, Late of Embassy.
(Copyright by the New Tork World. Pub
lished by Arrangement. I
LONDON, Nov. 23. (.Special cable.)
Lord Eustace Percy, lately -of the
Hritish embassy at "Washington, in
an article in the "Weekly Dispatch on
the United States senate's action con
cerning the treaty, expresses the
"There Is every reason to hope that
quiet discussion and study will enable
the senate and President W ilson tc
come to a reasonable agreement as to
the wording- of reservations and that
the United States soon will enter the
league .on conditions which will not
Mdversely afreet jts working and cTe
veiopmeni as an agent ot interna
If, however, the suspicions of the
republicans prove too strong and the
United States decides to stand aside
irom the league, at least for a time,
Lord Percy declares:
"One thing is certain, the league
must and will be formed In any case.
e must have an organized system ot
carrying on international relations
Lurcpe, Asia and Africa. "We
AND KEEP IT UP
Get into the habit of drinking a
glass of hot water before
Millions of folks bathe internally
now instead of loading their system
with drugs. What 8 an inside bathT
you say. Well, it Is guaranteed to
perform miracles according to hot
There are vast numbers of men and
women who, immediately upon arising
in the morning, drink a glass, of hot
water with a teaspoonful of limestone
phosphate in it. This is a very exc
- tr nrovont s.ih i lent health measure. . It is intended
miscarriages of justice.
Since the Centralia murders, indig- 1
nant protest, especially in this state.
has been made against the failure of
the department of labor to take swift
steps to deport all alien 1. W. W. on
the ground that no evidence other
than their membership in that or
ganization was necessary to prove
their undesirability. Comment has
been made on the fact that the de
partment of justice apparently has
reached the conclusion that the I. W.
W. itself is an anarchistic organiza
tion, membership in which -is suf
ficient proof of anarchistic views, the
holding of wnich is a legal ground
for deportation under the immigration
act of October 16. 1918.
Investigation I Continued.
Immigration Commissioner White
said today that his office was still
continuing the investigation of the
alien I. W. W. held by the police in
both Seattle and Tacoma in the hope
of finding sufficient grounds to
justify the issuance of warranjts to
"There are half a dozen Russians
among them whose cases have been
closely looked into but these men are
not seeking to avoid deportation.
They are seeking it, in fact, and sev
eral of them have applications for
oassnorts to Russia on file, but the
government at present is not grant- 1
ing passports to Russians who desire
to return to their country."
to flush the stomach, liver, kidneys
and intestines of the previous day's
waste, sour bile and indigestible ma
terial left over in the body, which if
not eliminated every day, become food
for the millions of bacteria which in
fest the bowels, the quick result is
poisons and toxins, which are then
absorbed intO-the blood, causing head
ache, bilious attacks, foul breath, bad
taste, colds, stomach trouble, kidney
misery, sleeplessness, impure blood
and all sorts of ailments.
People who feel good one day and
badly the next but who simply cannot
get feeling right are urged to obtain
a quarter pound "of limestone phos
phate at the drug store. This will
cost very little, but is sufficient to
make anyone a real crank on the sub
ject of internal sanitation. Adv.
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Main 7070, A 6095.
PA7V DAIRY LUNCH
323 Washington St. (Near 6th)
Choice Roasts, Steaks, Chops,
Chicken. Fish, Eggs, etc
15C, 20S 25
and all short orders, any time
of day or night
Excellent Chicken Dinner Sunday
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