Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 22, 1919)
PORTLAND, OKEGOX, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER li'2, 1919.
I'llICE FIVE CENTS
lO, P,,ffi. uond-CT.ts Miller.
BUILDING OF WOODEN
SHIPS RESUMED HERE
PEX1XSCLA PLANT, IDLE SIXCE
OCT. 1, IX OPERATION.
BOY, 3, KIDNAPED,
ACQUITTED BY JURY
MRS. BEACREGARD FOUND SOT
WHEAT EMBARGO TO PF flPI F
uavc: uaddv cmiin BRITISH RAP U.S.
UL Lit I L.U J11 ULU. 1J
iinvu i irw i i oiy u
' OH TREATY ISSUE
FOR KILLING PACT
WILSOX SIGNS PROCLAMATION
ROMANCE BORN OF PLUNGE TO
END ALL PERHAPS.
GUILTY OF MURDER.
AT ROAD HOUSE
J. N. Burgess, Higlway
GEORGE PERRiNGER VICTIM
Three Masked Men Rob Pa
trons of Claremont Tavern
Shots Fired in Clash.
ESCAPE IS MADE IN AUTO
Occupants Forced to Lie
Down on Floor as Robbers
Flee; Jewelry Is Stolen.
97000 RKW ARD OFFERED FOR
CAl'TIRK OF TAVERN
Immediately after hearing- of
the murders. Mayor Baker, act
ing for the city of Portland, of
fered a reward of $1000 for the
capture of the murderers, dead
or alive, "dead preferably," the
mayor stated in announcing his
action. Shortly after Mayor Ba
ker had made his announcement
J. M. Keeney of the Cunning
ham Sheep &. Land company of
Pendleton, Or., offered an addi
tional reward of $1000, and W.
L. Thompson, a banker, $5000
more, making the price on
the heads of the murderous
band $7000. Every available
police officer was placed at
work in a country-wide man
hunt under the personal orders
of Mayor Baker. Both day and
night shifts of the city's force
were given instructions to take -no
rest until the outlaws are
under arrest or killed.
Jasper Newton Burgess, state
highway commissioner from Pendle
ton, Or., and George E. Perringer, a
wealthy rancher from the Pendleton
district, were killed instantly at
11:30 o'clock last night during the
robbery of Claremont tavern, on the
Linnton road, by three highwaymen.
The robbers relieved about 25 guests
and employes of the roadhouse of
their money and jewels, obtaining
about $2550 from individuals and
the tavern safe.
Mr. Perringer, Mr. Burgese and E.
P. Marshall, another Pendleton man,
were in a private dining room at
the back of the tavern. All the
shooting, some four Shots, took place
there. Mr. Burgess was shot in the
head and Mr. Perringer in the heart.
The three had stopped for lunch in
the course of an automobile ride.
Patrolman Is Robbed.
Patrolman Case, who entered the
Strikers Returning to Positions at
Old Scale San Francisco Re
ports Similar Action.
The building of wooden ships,
which has been at a standstill here
since the strike of metal trades
workmen was called, October 1, has
been resumed at the Peninsula Ship
building company's plant. A force of
about 200 workmen was engaged
there Thursday and yesterday, and
the number is being increased stead
ily as former employes of the plant
return to their positions.
An invitation to all men who were
on tie payroll of the company Octo
ber 1 to returi to their old positions
has been extended by F. C. Knapp,
piesident of the -.ompany. None but
former employes ere being engaged
at present. .vlen are returning to
work at the old scale in effect before
the strike was called.
Four vessels remain to be com
pleted by the Peninsula company for
the emergency fleet corporation. They
are the steamers Corone and Cartona,
which have been launched and are
now being outfitted at the plant, and
two hulls still on the ways, the Cossa
and Cotys, which are being finished
as sailing schooners.
SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 21. The
shipyards of the San Francisco bay
region will reopen Monday. Novem
ber 4, after Having been closed since
Octoter 1 by strike conditions., the
California Metal Trades association,
the organization of shipyard .opera
tors, Knnounced here today.
Although a recent registration did
not provide enough men to operate
the yards at capacity, no attempt
will be made to bring in workmen to
fill the vacant places for 10 days
irom date or opening, it was an
nounced. "This is to provide an op
portunity for those men who have
hesitated to register to report for
duty," the announcement read.
"If at the end of this time," It con
tinued, "or on December 3, the places
are not all filled, it is our purpose
to make announcements in the daily
papers of the northwest, southern
California and throughout the east
that positions are open in the ship
yards, commercial shops and foun
dries in the San Francisco bay dis
trict "Yards, shops and foundries, short'
ly after resuming operations, will de
termine upon a policy of individual
shipyard or shop collective bargain
The strike threw approximately
40,000 men out of employment in the
Unclad Skeleton Found in
in Woods Near Home.
NATION-WIDE SEAftCH ENDS
Citizens, ex-Service Men and
Police Miss Death Spot.
HUNTER FINDS CLOTHING
STUDENTS MAY DIG C0M
1500 Kansas Koys Volunteer Serv
ices During Strike.
TOPEKA. Kan., Nov. 21. In re
sponse to a telegram from Governor
Harding of Iowa asking that the gov
ernor of Kansas agree to a 60 per cen
increase in wages to the striking
miners pending further settlement.
Governor H. J. Allen stated that he !
could not agree to such a proposal. 1
If the Kansas miners refuse to go to
them by Governor Allen, 1500 young
men of the Kansas State Agricultural
college are willing to dig coal, said
a telegram to the governor today.
Stories ol Kidnaping by Mistake
for. Rich Man's Son Cause
Stir Mother Collapses.
(Copyright hy tlie New Tork World. Pub-
lisnea ny Arrangement. j
HAMMONTON, N. J.. Nov. 21.
(Special.) The nation-wide search for
poor little Billy Dansey, the 3-year-
old child who disappeared from his
home here six weeks ago, came to a
tragic conclusion today when his un
clothed skeleton was found in the
woods three miles from his home.
But the whole mystery has not yet
been solved. It now appears on the
basis of an investigation made to
night by local and county authorities
that the child not only was kidnaped,
but was brutally murdered, after be
ing stripped of his clothing, by a de
generate of the worst type.
All the officials working on the
case are convinced that the boy met
his death in this way. but they ad
mit that so much time has elapsed
Verdict - Is Reached Following
Short Deliberation; Accidental
Shooting- Basis of Defense.
VANCOUVER. Wash., Nov. tl.
(Special.) Mrs. Elizabeth Beauregard
was acquitted of murder in the first
degree by a jury here today in the
superior court after a trial which be
gan the first of the week. She was
charged with - killing her hueband.
Jules J. Beauregard, on the evening
of August 22, in his pawnshop and
store at 702 Main street. The evidence
of the case was all in Thursday and
Judge W. O. Chapman of Tacoma, who
sat in the case, gave his instructions
Argument of the case began at 9
o-dock this morning when W. E.
Yates, county attorney, made a plea
for conviction. He was followed by
Daniel E. Hardin, for the defense,
who spoke 45 minutes, and Henry
Crass, who spoke an hour. Mr Yates
then spoke a few minutes in rebuttal.
The case was in the keeping of the
jury at 12:15 o'clock. The jury went
to lunch and after being locked in the
jury room, did not give notice of an
agreement until 5 o'clock.
Announcement waa made that the
jury had agreed to an acquittal. Mrs.
Beauregard, accompanied by her
daughter, left the courtroom a free
woman, but apparently not a happy
one. She shook bands with the mem
bers of the jury before leaving.
Attorneys for the defense at the be
ginning of the trial withdrew the
plea of temporary insanity, and when
Mr. Crass outlined the case it was
shown that the plea was accidental
shooting, and it was on these grounds
that she was acquitted.
Mrs. Beauregard sat throughout the
trial without showing emotion until
this morningwhen her attorneys were
appealing to the jury's sympathy. Her
daughter sat immediately behind her,
and tears began to drop from her eyes
first. Then Mrs. Beauregard shed
at it may be impossible to solve j tears but remained outwardly calm.
the problem fully by the capture of
Boy's Clothing: Foand IVearby.
The boy's clothing was found with
in a radius of 50 feet of the skeleton.
About 6 feet away were the blue
rompers he had worn when last seen
at home. Further on was his famil
iar little gray-striped baseball cap
with a peak. Near that was his small
brown sweater. The rest of his
clothing was nearby.
It may never be determined in .ex
actly what manner the child met his
death unless the murderer Is caught
and induced to confess, because the
decomposed condition of the body
makes it impossible to find marks of
violence. Animals and birds of prey
had eaten most of the flesh.
There is no question that the boy
met his death in his own vicinity
within a comparatively short time
after he disappeared.
Search Mioses Death Spot.
This is more striking because of the
stir created by his case throughout
(Concluded on Page 7. Column 4.)
The case has attracted much inter
est from the beginning and the court
room was filled largely with women,
many of whom brought their lunches
and their crocheting or needlework.
Many could not gain admission and
were turned away. As Mrs. Beaure
gard was released upon 96000 bail
after she had been in ja.il six or seven
weeks, she was not under guard at
any time during the trial, and she
was driven to and from her home in
the family automobile.
In his appeal to the; Jury today Mr.
Crass said that she had already suf
fered the tortures of hell, and tha
the memory of the accident would re
main a scar upon her memory until
Crusader's Injured Eye Useless.
LONDON, Nov. 21. Three specialists
who today examined William E.
(Pussyfoot) Johnson, the American
Anti-Saloon league campaigner, whose
eye was injured during a students
demonstration against him recently,
found Mr. Johnson utterly unable to
see with it.
Government to Supply Foreign De
mands Not Met by Private
Trade, Says Mr. Barnes.
NEW YORK. Nov. 21. Embargoes
on wheat and wheat flour will be lift
ed December 15, it was announced by
he United States grain corporation
Lifting embargoes on both exports
nd imports followed the action of
President Wilson in Washington to
day in signing a proclamation com
pletely terminating the embargo con
trol which has been in effect for more
than two years. -
Control over embargoes first was
exercised by the war trade board to
protect the supplies of wheat and
wheat flour for the allies. Later con
trol was taken over" by Julius H.
Barnes, wheat director, under the
wheat guarantee bill. '
Discussing the lifting of the em
bargo Mr. Barnes said:
This Is one step in the necessary
reconstruction of trade facilities brok
en by the war. which must function
when the grain corporation termi
nates its three years' work. While
ocean transport conditions and also
disorganized international finance
will probably prevent free trading be
tween merchants of the various coun
tries for some time, it is expected
that, step by step, international trade
may be reknit in the usual channels.
Until this is fully accomplished the
grain corporation will continue to sell
from its stocks of wheat and wheat
flour the foreign trade that is not
supplied under private business ini
"This release of embargo permits
Canadian wheat and wheat flour to
enter American markets free of duty
under rulings of the customs service.
It is expected that this will greatly
enlarge the United States" supply of
spring wheat flours, which are favor
ites In the baking trade and which.
because of the partial crop failure in
the northwest this year, have been
relatively in light supply."
Mr. Barnes also stated that the
sales of the grain corporation from
its accumulated stocks, largely in
western markets, to American mills.
under its advertised offer effective
yesterday, have amounted to about
He added that mills in all sections
now are amply supplied with wheat,
though some particular qualities of
wheat are relatively in light supply.
Max H. Houser, second vice-presi-
deat- of the United States grain cor
ppration,' with headquarters in JPort
land, yesterday issued the following
"The president by proclamation has
removed, effective December 15, all
export and import embargo restric
tions on wheat and wheat flour, and
thereafter wheat and wheat flour
may be exported and imported with
out requiring the permit which for
merly by the war trade board and
latterly by the wheat director has
Transfer to Political
NO COMPROMISE, SAYS LODGE
Take Reservations Into 1920
SENATOR CONSULTS HAYS
Attitude of Democratic Forces With
Reference to Plunge Into Pol
itics Not Yet Known.
SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 21. The de
(Concluded on Page 7, Column . )
DOESN'T SAM GET IN ON IT?
$27,000 THEFT CHARGED
"Beau Brummell" Bank Clerk Is
Arrested at Springfield, 111.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Nov. 21. Ralph
Deicken, whose dollar tips to barbers
and expensive clothes gained him the
title of the "Beau Brummei" bank
I clerk, was arrested today on a federal i
building: during; the robbery, was j warrant charging him with embez- i
held up Dy two men and robbed ot his ! oiement oi i,uw irum m
Eun and club. Then he was forced to I Farmers State bank, where he was
. , .,, .... employed as paying teller until a
mingle with the other victims 'while i month ago
the robbery went on. I Miss Jessie Conner, bookkeeper, was
The highwaymen entered the tav- j arrested on the same charge. Miss
em by the front door. In the hall I Conner, it is alleged, assisted Deicken
.-WV, hisorf tho hnilHino- fmm tho " covering up nis aelaiu.
entrance to the rear were B. J. Mc
Cauley of Aberdeen, Wash., and sev
eral women. The three robbers, all i
of whom wore masks made of hand- First ArTn" Educational Bonus
kerchiefs, forced the party into the j Paid at Madison, Wis.
ballroom at the end of the building MADISON. Wis., Nov. 21. Eleven
opposite where Mr. Burgess, Mr. ' students today are said to be $35,000
Perringer and Mr. Marshall were richer as a result of the payment yes
. " terday of their first educational bo-
dining. - ' nus. So lone was the line at times
One highwayman stood guard over that students were obliged to wait
them while the others rounded up an hour before reaching the paymas
.vprvnnp in t.hn hiiilri in r Tt mas ter's window.
Annuel. evel j i in i was t w i .uv.
STUDENTS $35,000 RICHER
during the course of the round-up 1
that the robbers entered the private ,
dining room and killed their victims.
a month's pay in the army.
Robbers Fire on Patrons.
FRENCH AWAIT SOLUTION
Mr. Marshall, the survivor of the Paris Paper Expresses Hope fori
party, was so badly shaken by the I Treaty Ratification.
. - - .1 L 1 I. 1 . . .' 1
irageuy mm. uc wis uuouic to givej PARIS. Nov. 21. The Temps today
a coherent account of it, although says it. hopes that a solution will
the authorities grilled him until an i be found of the situation created by
early hour this morninir. . the failure of the United States senate
t, v. . , ... to ratify the peace treaaty with Ger-
'u'" cm.: ,m tuc appear-j many ..DecBUS9 lf the leasue of na
ance of the room it is apparent that tjcma can live while awaiting the
the highwaymen began shooting as I United States, it cannot endure with-
.. .... 1 - Cat,.
soon as they entered the room. Mr,
Marshall said they fired one shot at
him point-blank, but missed him.
One shot went through the panel
of the door leading from the corri
dor. It was evidently fired as the
highwaymen entered. Another
smashed the' window looking out
over the Willamette river.
As far as had been determined
this morning only ne shot struck
out the United States
iCouclu.cd on Page 0. Culuum J.)
INSURANCE FRAUD FOUND
Three New York Men Convicted on
PITTSBURG, Pa.. Nov. 21. Clar- I
ence F. Blrdseye, Kellogg Birdseye
and George F. Montgomery, all of
New York, were today convicted of
conspiracy in connection with the fail-
! ure of the Pittsburg Life & Trust
company, an insurance corporation.
. . . . . j . m- I ' A 7
k I I SSy,-.','','-'SJ'SSVl I I 1 I L"TWS.ifll I ' I'M, I Mil III II. Ill
T 1 '. '7. ,J SA I, l i ll ' ..' 3-73.11 HUH I II 1 1 Ir II k
. ',WsM'A I II 1 1 1 I Mi'W Asi. . illl I Ml M i l l . 1 1
i ' -TyAVs y. WA wm.VsAiv si lyazz inn!
i 1 mmmm
i yjr . u i ii i wwiVAV ints- t i i ui .vi t
I . Si . 7sL f IV A II I . Vt I l I i H K I II I 1
11 -rf. S 7 'Xif, s7 I 1 VC . J i II 1 h I I II I I ' I
1 tl ' - V, i 6 ' M:r-l n II 11111 f
I I W II SWXLSPi. rnrTh SyS ""sssW W k
t ir -v ,11, .-. irr v'vwVkV- -ll . 'I .. r y i -j i i
kcsov. L55-4- '(... w'ir&srry --i.- j v-a k r.- j s i
1 r .kv mm m d IBM I A
- wry: v y ? i
m s-v I" - i
1 i. ' 1 r fi irsl I i i - - i
I T t'tilfA i II J A. I
Ii . . , t i ... f - 1 T r
WASHINGTON. Nov. 31. Compro
mise efforts to ratify the peace treaty
were thrown into the background to
day by developments strengthening
the possibility that the whole con
troversy might be transferred to the
political arena for a decision by the
people In 19:10. . ,
Senator Lodge. chairman of the
foreign relations committee, and re
publican leader of the senate, de
clared in a 'statement that there was
no room for further compromise."
and urged that the reservations of
the senate majority be carried into I
the campaign. I
There was no formal expression to
determine whether a like s':and would 1
be taken ultimately by President Wil
son and the administration senators.
but it developed that the president's
senate supporters had no definite as
surances as yet that he would re
open the subject for compromise by
resubmitting the treaty when the
new session of congress begins De
Pmct Political Issue Now.
The -declaration of Senator Lodge
reversed the position he and most
other republican senators had taken
toward injection of the treaty into
politics and was accepted in congres
sional and official circles as clothed
with an added significance by Senator
Lodge's conference with Will H. Hays,
the republican national chairman. Just
before the unsuccessful fight Wednes
day for ratification with the ma
jority reservations included.
The statement follows:
"I have no especial comment to
make. After four months of caref u
consideration and discussion the res.
ervations were presented to the sen
ate. They were purely American in
their character, designed solely to
Americanize the treaty and make it
safe for the United States.
"Under the president t orders the
followers of the administration in the
senate voted down these rese vations
It was also shown by a vote that
there was a decisive majority against
the treaty with the reservations.
"Those reservations as presented to
the senate will stand. There is no
room for further compromise between
Americanism and the super-government
presented by the league. All I
ask is that we may have the oppor
tunity to lay those reservations be
fore the American people. To that
great and final tribunal a1 or. : would
I appeal. I
Thorooith Study Asked.
"I wish to carry those reservations
into the campaign. I wish the
American people to read and etudy
them. They are not like the cov
enant of the league. They are sim
ple. "I do not see that there Is one of
them to which any American can ob
ject. I want the people to see them.
understand them and think of them
in every household, on every farm,
in every chop and factory through
out the land. Then let them decide."
In his letter advising democratic
senators to vote against ratification
I with the majority reservations. Pres-
IHcrtt Wilson characterized them as
ennui itut in a- m nullification of the !
! treaty, and some of his senate fol-1
I lower do not consider it a remote
possibility that he may decide to join
the issue and let the majority pro
gramme stand or fall by the popular
j decision in the campaign.
Administration senate leaders con
tinued to talk compromise and pre
dicted that the republicans would
j modify their attitude, making it pos
I sible to clear away the whole con
troversy before the campaign opens.
They were confronted with the fact.
however, that the republican group
I of mild reservationists, on whom
i hope of a compromise waa placed,
! had served notice that any further
compromise negotiations must be
conducted with the republican leader
Party Split Averted.
Even among the irreconcilable foes
of the treaty on the republican side,
the statement of Senator Lodge was
accepted with satisfaction. Some of
! this group have said openly they
would leave the party unless it de
clared next year for outright rejec
tion of the league of nations cove
nant, with or withoirt reservations,
but they took the view tonight that
the situation was developing with a
satisfactory speed. By the time the
national .convention meets, they pre-
dieted it would be ready to go farther
than Senator Lodge did in his state-
The only expression of the presi
dent's intentions was a White House
Lonely Rancher Hears of Port-1
land Girl's Despair, and Message
Suggests Hope for Two.
When Miss Genes Brenner, pretty
1 7-y ear-old miss, 561 Irving street,
attempted suicide by jumping from
the Morrison-street bridge into the
river Monday night her act may have
marked the beginning of a romance.
The news account in The Oregonian
was read by J. P. Rusk, lonely rancher
at Selah, Wash., route 2 who declares
that he has felt like committing sui
cide of late himself.
"I wonder lf she and I couldn't
start anew together on a fifty-fifty
basis," he said in a letter received by
The Oregonian yesterday.
When Miss Brenner was notified
of the contents of the letter last night
she took Mr. Husk's name and ad
dress. "I will write to him." she promised.
"I would like to have that letter,
too," she said. It waa sent to her.
"I noted an item of news in yours
of the 16th, saying a Miss Genes Bren
ner had attempted suicide by jump
ing from a bridge to the river," said
Mr. Rusk in his letter. "Now, I feel
sorry for anyone doing that, for I
have recently contemplated the same
thing, being driven from home and
family and alone in the world with
no one to care for and no one to work
for. I wonder if she and I couldn't
in some way start in anew on a 50-50
basis. Fortunately. I have a little
money and would be glad to give her
a chance. I am a rancher."
Death of League Charged
to "Savage Irony."
PARTY POLITICS CONDEMNED
Blighting of Allied Hopes Is
Counted as Mistake.
PRESS IS DISAPPOINTED
MINERS AGAIN WALK OUT
State Control Off, Men Refuse to
Work for Operators.
BISMARCK, N. !., Nov. 21. A re
port of the closing of the Dakota mine
at Burlington was received today by
Adjutant-General Fraser from Captain
S. J. Boyd of the state home guards.
Captain Boyd had been notified last
night of the decree Issued by the fed
eral court at Fargo directing the
state to cease exercising control over
the Dakota Coal company's mines.
Adjutant-General Fraser notified
operators and miners this morning
that the state was no longer in
charge. The report to Adjutant-General
Fraser said that the miners then
declared they would not work for
the operators and , walked out.
LABOR DENOUNCES LODGE
Council I'ledges Support to "Pres
ident and True Americanism."
Denunciation of Senator Lodge and
his followers for their part in defeat
ing ratification of the league of na
tions covenant was sounded In reso
lutions adopted by the central labor
council at its" Thursday evening ses
sion. Without a dissenting voice the res
olutions carried, pledging the council
to the support of "President Wilson
and true Americanism." and declar
ing of the opposition senators that
"their actions and influences have
apparently developed a sweeping vic
tory for German propaganda and bol
concluded on Fafie 2, Column 1.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 57
degrees; minimum, 40 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; gentle easterly winds.
British press criticises U. S. senate for
rejection of treaty. Page 1.
Railroad situation first problem to be
tackled by. new congress in December.
V. S. awaits reply to sharp Mexican note.
Controversy over treaty ratification may
go to people for decision in ItTJO. Page L
Government again controls food; sugar
problem met. Page 6.
U. S. surrenders Imperator, giant liner, to
England. Page ii.
St. Louis brewers win injunction. Page 2.
Thirteen states to form reclamation asso
ciation. Page 2.
Secretary of Labor Wilson submits new
compromise proposal o miners. Page ti.
Pan books in shape, avers accountant.
Marh field soldier says Germany Is to
profit from Russian trouble. Page J 8.
Centralia post, American Iegion, calls for
nation-wide war on raaicais. rage
Vancouver jury acquits Mrs. Beauregard
of murder charge. Page 1.
Centralia American Legion post cares for
- families of murder suspects. Page 4.
Y p Hawley Jr. defendant in divorce
suit. Page 5.
Guard command ready to be turned over
to Georpe A. White, ex-adjutant-general.
O. A. C. has chance to attain "football
glory by defeating Pullman. Page 16.
Benson Tech beats Commerce, 27 to 7.
Illinois battles Ohio State for mid-west
football honors. Page 16
Commercial and Marine.
Wheat and flour embargo will be lifted
December 15. Page 23.
Chicago corn depressed by closing down
of industrial plants. Page 23.
Early ad ances in stocks partially can
celed. Page 23
Engineer chosen for Swan island project.
Corvus, accepted, to go out in ballast.
Portland and Vicinity.
Humphrey's office political beehive. Page
Holstein breeders subscribe $4250. Page 8.
Girl's plunge from bridge to end life may
have happy sequel. Page 1.
One person is killed and five injured in
automobile crash. Page 14.
Peninsula shipyard, closed by strike Octo
ber 1, resumes operation. Page 1.
Realtors approve plan to issue revokable
permits to auto drivers. Page 15.
N P- Sorenson. rich autolst. gets six
months and $500 fine for recklesfcnesa,
Record livestock show will close tonight.
Portland to be on coal rations today.
Wife's plan to be aiater is failure. Page 8.
'Tcacc Treaty Now Scrap of Pa
per," Says London News; More
to Isolate America Seen.
WASHINGTON, T. C., Nov. 21.
(Special.) Cable dispatches from
London received in official circles
here today quote the Knglish press
in criticism of the senate's treatment
of the peace treaty.
"There must be a savage irony In
the death of President Wilson's league
of nations at the hands of the Ameri
can senate, says the Daily Express.
-Europe fortunately has a more vital
I concern in the matter than any ex
pressed in sardonic interest in Ameri
can party politics. We will not pre
tend to an unquestionable confidence
in the league of nations as the specifio
against all recurrence of war, but this
pact did represent the only chance of
an assurance against war, the only
alternative to those feverish arma
ments which may keep a long peace
but must provoke at last a war.
Great Power Converted.
"The great powers were slowly con
verted to a kind of enthusiasm for
Mr. Wilson's plan. The small powers
dared not be excluded from it. Now
the bottom is kicked out of it, and
since the treaty depended for its sanc
tion on the league, the peace treaty
becomes a scrap of paper.
"This is the consequence of tha
American senate's pathetic attempt
to set the clock back and to restore
the United States to the Isolation
from which the great war drags ed -them.
Persisted in. it may convulse
Europe. It cannot re-isolate Amer
ica. There would arise at once the
problem of a new German-American
peace treaty. It is, indeed, also
clearly impossible for America to
avoid after costly and embittering
delays, a ratification of peace and
The Westminster Gazette writes;
"It is a grave disappointment that
the United States, whose entry into
the war was hailed not only because
it reinforced the material strength
ot the allies, but because it reinvig
o rated the moral ideas with which
they began war, should do anything
to blight the very sensitive plant of
hope which grew out of the battle
field. A merlon's Experience Forcast.
"We can see in this controversy in
the senate, the force of two conflict-
, ing ideals, the one to bring the gov
ernments of the world into, co-operation
with one another with a view
to the peace of the world and Its bet
ter administration, the other to main
tain and to increase the democratic
control over individual governments
by their own peoples in the sphere of
foreign politics. We can see also ine
particular American desire for a
policy of isoiation and unfettered
"We ourselves, relying on our nar
row geoghaphicaJ separation from
Europe, went through this stage
during the last century, trying to
maintain at once a splendid isolation,
and complete parliamentary freedom.
In tne face of an emergency we found
the isolation dangerous and ultimate
ly impossible. We- found that parlia
mentary treedom was rendered un
real by the swiftness with which
events moved to their climax.
"It may be that r America will have
to learn our lessom for herself, but
we do not believe that her experience
will be different.
Problem Lefx to Wilson.
"There are many rumors as to the
action that will be taken by Presi
dent Wilson. We, do not know what
he will do, but we do not doubt that
he will have ever in mind not only
the interest of he own country but
of the world settlement."
The Morning Post states:
"We have raised a still, small voice
against the covenant in this country
and upon several grounds. The first
is that it creates a dual allegiance
which we take :to be dangerous to
the British em pa re, .Hitherto every
state within the empire has looked
to his majesty's government as tne
supreme authority ana the only pro
tection; the covenant creates a new
authority and . new guardian to
which states witfhin the empire might
appeal against the authority of his
majesty's government. That is ob
jection number one.
"Objection No 2 is that it reduces
and undermines the sovereignty of
our independent state. Hitherto the
British nation htaa been a sovereign
nation with all a sovereign nation's
powers. The proposal is to transfer
some of these, piowers. vital powers,
to a superior government in which
the British nation will be in a per
"Our third objection is that it leads
the nation to refiy upon an outside
powtr for security, whereas all his
tory shows that Ja nation survives in
h free state only by its own power to
(Concluded on Page 2, Columa .)