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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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OL. LVIII. NO. 18.31o Entered at Portland (Oregon) TrTT'T vn , Z;
postoffife a s-c-ond-ciaa8 Matter. PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY. AUGUST 8, 1919. PRICK F1VF ppvTc
put uny es
President Will Dear With
Railroad Men Direct
SENATORS OFFER SUGGESTION
Idle Men Held to Have Dis
obeyed Union Executives.
RETURN TO WORK, DEMAND
Consideration of Wage Increase, Xow
Under Di.cusion, to'Bc Con
tinued With Heads.
"ASHIXGTO.V. A 11 pr. 7. President
Wilson tonisht notified Direetor-tJen-eral
Hines that he was authorized to
tak up the demands of railroad shop
employes for higher wages and decide
them on their merits.
The president said that the letter sent
him by Senator Cummins, chairman of
the committee on interstate commerce,
"had set me free to deal as I think
best with the difficult question of the
wapes of certain classes of railroad em
- ployes,'- but added:
"The chief obstacle to a decision has
been created by the men themselves.
They have pone out on a strike and re
pudiated the authority of their officers
at the very moment when they were
urging action in regard to their inter
ests." M orkern Most Obey Chirfa.
The president's decision was an
nounced tonight from the White House
in the form of a letter sent by him
to Mr. Hines. The president said that
"until the employes return to work
and again recognize the authority of
their organization, the whole matter
must be at a standstill."
The president's letter follows:
"Aly Dear Director-General: I am
Just In receipt of the letter from
Senator Albert B. Cummins, chairman
of the senate committee on interstate
commerce, which set me free to deal
as I think best with the difficult ques
tion of the wags of certain classes
of railway employes and I take ad
vantage of the occasion to write you
this letter in order that I may. both
in the pullc interest and in the in
terests of the railroad employes them
selves, make the present situation as
clear and definite as possible.
"I thought it my duty to lay the
question in its present pressing form
before the committee of the senate,
because I thought I should not act
upon this oiattcr within the brief in
terval of government control remaining
without their acquiescence and ap
proval. I-'eelw Krce to Act.
"Senator Cummins' letter. which
tpeaks the unanimous judgment of the
committee, leaves me free and indeed
imposes upon me the duty to act.
"The question of the wages of rail
Toad shopmen wts submitted, you will
remember, to the board of railroad
wages and working conditions of the
railroad administration last February,
but was not reported upon by the board
until the 16th of July. The delay was
unavoidable because the board was con
tinuously engaged in dealing with sev
eral wage matters affecting classes of
employes t ho had not previously re
ceived consideration. The board now
having apprised us of this inability, at
any rate for the time being, to agree
upon recommendation, it js clearly our
duty to proceed with the matter in the
hope of disposing of it.
"You sir therefore authorized to say
to the rairoad shop employe. that the
question of wages they have raised
will be taken up and considered on its
merits by the director-general in con
ference with their duly accredited rep
resentatives. 1 DlflD Heads RecnjEnized.
"I hope that you will make it clear
to the men concerned that the railroad
administration cannot deal with prob
lems of this sort, or with any problems
affecting the men. except through the
duly chosen international officers of
the regularly constituted organization
and their authorized committees.
"Matters of so various a nature and
Affecting so many men cannot be dealt
with except in this way. Any action
which brings the authority of the au
thorized representatives of the organi
zation into question or discredits it
must interfere with, if not prevent,
action altogether. The chief obstacle
to a decision has been created by the
men themselves. They have gone out
on strike and repudiated the authority
of their officers at the very moment
when they were urging action in re
gard to various interests.
"You will remember that a conference
between ourself and the authorized rep
resentatives of the men was arranged
at the instance of these representatives
for July 2$ to discuss the wage ques
tion and the question of a national
agreement, but before this conference
took place or could take place, local
bodies of railway shopmen took action
looking toward a strike on the first of
Strike Block. Plans.
"As a result of this action, various
strikes actually took place before there
was an opportunity to act in a satis
factory or conclusive way with respect
to the wages. In the presence of these
strikes and the repudiation of the au
thority of the representatives of the!
organizations concerned there can be i
ro consideration of the matter in con
troversy. Until the enipioxes return to
tCuiiviuued oa I'.e IT. Column I.)
ACTORS' STRIKE SHUTS
NEW YORK THEATERS
ULTIMATUM OX DEMANDS FOR
EXTRA PAY" REJECTED.
:i I L 1 1 f r.llnH n ,
....... - . ' y- u 1 Dfiorf
Time for Curtains to Rise; 15,
000 Patrons Discharged.
NEW YORK. Aug. 7. Thirteen of
New York's "leading- theaters were
closed tonight by an actors' strike.
called an hour betore the curtains were
to go up, by the Actors' Equity associa
tion. More than 15,000 theater attendants
The strike order followed close on
the heels of rejection by the Producing
Managers' Protective association of an
ultimatum demanding action by 7 P. M.
on extra pay demands submitted sev
eral days ago.
These demands included recognition
of-the Actors Kquity association, extra
compensation for performances in ex
cess of eight a week and continuation
of the standard "equity" form of con
tract in use since 1917.
Officials of the managers' association
have announced that they are "ready
for a fight" and that steps have been
takrn for an organization of the "legit
imate" vaudeville, burlesque and moving-picture
interests to combat the ef
forts for unionization of stage and
BOA LOST ON BATTLESHIP
Big Constrictor Captured in Panama
Hides Among Ship's Stores.
SAN DIEGO. Cat., Aug. 7. A boa
constrictor is believed to be hiding on
board one of the dreadnoughts now at
anchor here today. While the fleet was
visiting Panama ten days ago a party
of sailors scaled Ancon mountain and
found the constrictor sleeping under a
tree, where he had gorged himself on
a Panama goat. Eight sailors charged
the snake and carried into Balboa the
writhing serpent, which was reported
to have been slipped aboard one of
the dreadnoughts at dark just before
the fleet sailed. The boa is reported
to have glided off into the darkness
and hidden himself among the ship's
stores. No one has been able to find
SHIP ALLOCATION BEGUN
Board Authorizes Distribution to Pa
cific Coast Lines.
PAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 7. Authori
zation to proceed with the allocation
of ships for the Pacific coast, as re
cently announced by the United states
shipping board, was received here to
fay by H. H. Ebey, assistant director
of the shipping board, from John Cush
ing, acting director of the board at
Washington. The message said:
"You are authorized to proceed with
the allocation of new Pacific coast de
liveries as rapidly as available to trade
routes as outlined by you with a view
to the establishment of continuous line
BIG BATTLESHIP DISABLED
Propeller Shaft Broken Off Coast
of Central America.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 7. The battle
ship Rhode Island, flagship of squad
ron No. 1 of the new Pocific fleet, is be
ing towed to Balboa, canal zone, with
a broken propeller shaft. The battle
shit) North Carolina has the disabled
dreadnought in tow.
Dispatches to the navy department
late today said the starboard shaft of
the Rhode Island broke when she was
about 675 miles west of Balboa en route
to San Diego to join the vanguard of
the fleet. Although compartments in
the afterpart of the battleship were
flooded, there were no casualties.
GERMAN COLLEGE CLOSES
Part of Coenr d'Alenc Institution
to Be Old People's Home.
SPOKANE. Wash.. Aug. 7. Coeui
d'Alene college. Lutheran church insti
tution at Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, will not
be reopened next fall, it was announced
here today. It has been impossible to
organize a faculty and obtain the en
rollment of a student body before time
for beginning the fall work, it was
An old people's home is to be opened
in a part of the college buildings as
soon as sufficient applications are re
ceived. However, no applications for
admittance have yet been made.
FOREIGN IRON MILLS SOLD
American Capital Reported Seeking
European Gun Plant.
GENEVA. Aug. 6. (By the Associated
Press.) A statement was made here
today that American steel companies.
after having bought out the Doehle
wercke eteel factories at Vienna and
Dusseldorf. the largest in Europe, are
now negotiating to acquire the famous
frKoaa works, noted lor its naval gruns.
If successful in this, the Americans
will have virtually a monopoly of the
steel works of the continent, it is said.
SEATTLE RAPS ARMY BACON
35-Cenl Variety Declared to Be "All
Eat' by Purchasers.
SEATTLE. Aug. 7. Complaints were
made to city authorities ' day by Seat
tle residents that the nrmv bacon Kalno.
sold here by municipal authorities is
all rat.' The bacon is being sold at
35 cents a pound.
Acting Mayor W. D. Lane said the
purchasers could not erpect high-grade
bacon at the price they are paying.
President to;" K .oS Con
FOOD CONTROL TO BE ASKED
Extension of Lever Act to
Peace Times Wanted. '
STRONGER LAWS DESIRED
Xo Recommendation or Limit Upon
Margin of Profit; Leaders Keep
Wires Hot for Quorum.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7. President
Wilson put the finishing touches on
his high-cost-of-living address to con
gress tonight and prepared to deilver
it in person tomorrow afternoon at 4
One possibility loomed up to threat
en the president's plans.
It was that the leaders might not
he able to round up a quorum in the
house and that some member insisting
on parliamentary rule, by raising the
point, might forestall the joint session
of the house and senate.
Representative Blanton, democrat, of
Texas, served notice on Republican
Leader Mondell that he, for one, would
insist on a legal quorum.
Republican and democratic Iea"dcrs
both accordingly made the telegraph
wires hot tonight with messages order
ing absentees back in time for tomor
eeded Liwi to Be Outlined.
The address will be confined to lay
ing before congress what measures, in
the opinion of the president and of the
sub-committee appointed by Attorney
General Palmer, should be enacted at
once to bring relief to the public from
the existing high prices. All the ele
ments that have helped create the con
dition the country finds itself in today,
in the view of these men, will be dealt
with. These include, it was learned
authoritatively, labor problems and
strikes resulting from them, and pro
duction which would be interfered with
To this extent the matter of railroad
wages will be included in the address,
but a solution of the entire railroad
problem will not be suggested beyond
the suggestion already made to con
gress by the president in his letter to
the chairman of the senate and house
interstate commerce committees.
No recommendation will be made for
a licensing system of producers.
No recommendation will be made for
(Continued on Pace 2. Column 1.)
J MORE HEROES TO WELCOME. j
j . Q . t
. - ;
I : :
TAXI DRIVER'S FRIGHT
SEALS ROBBERS' FATE
C FROM SEAT LEAVES HIGH
- AYMEX SO WAY TO ESCAPE.
Police and Civilian Crowd Run
Down Pair Who Drove to Store for
Daring Deed at Closing Hour.
Two ' highwaymen in a taxicab
stopped at 7:30 o'clock last night at
the store of H. Goldstein, 225 Burn
side street, robed him of $65.01 and
two watches, and would have made
their escape had not the " taxicab
driver become so frightened that he
fell off his seat and ran when the
robbers hSrried from the store and
told him to drive on.
Police and a. crowd of civilians
chased the robbers. Ithmer Gillespie
was captured and taken to head
quarters by Patrolmen Meehan and
Furin. Inspectors were still interview
ing him at a late hour.
Police chased the other man up a
stairway, but he reached the roof of
a building in the vicinity and escaped.
The whole north end was excited over
the holdup, which was one of the
boldest attempted for months. Several
reports that the robbers had been seen
reached police headquarters within a
few minutes, keeping inspectors on the
run chasing down unfounded rumors.
The men entered the store just as
Mr. Goldstein was closing up or the
night. He ran into the street after
them, shouting for help. Police say
the robbers doubtless would have es
caped had not the taxicab driver de
serted his machine and left them on
MARINERS WIN WAGE RISE
Strike on Lumber Schooners in Pa
cific Ports Ends.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 7. A strike
affecting the masters and mates of 34
steam lumber schooners in this port
and 42 similar craft in other raclfic
coast ports was ended here today, when
an agreement on a new wage scale was
Under the new schedule the mates
will receive Jl an hour overtime, the
same rate received by sailors. The
employers, it was announced, also had
granted an increase in wages to the
masters. The schedule, it was said, will
not apply to the masters of 11 small
steam schooners making short coast
trips. The wages of these skippers has
been set at $250, a month, while the
commanders of the larger schooners
are to receive $275 a month.
SUGAR TRADE CURB URGED
Exports at Price Under 6 Cents
May Be Prohibited.
HAVANA, Aug. 7. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) A resolution which
-would authorize the president "not to
permit the exportation of sugar corre
sponding to the 1919-20 crop at a price
less than 6 cents per pound, free on
board," was presented in the house of
No action was taken on the resolution.
SENT TO RDUMANIA
U. S. Demands Fair Treat
ment for Hungary.
FOOD SUPPLIES MAY BE CUT
Hoover Halts Shipments on
Way to Budapest.
ROUMANIANS IN CONTROL
Supreme Council at Paris Sends
Xote Urging Conformity- Willi
Decisions of Entente.
LONDON". Aug. 7. A dispatch from
Vienna by way of Copenhagen to the
Exchange Telegraph company says
that the United States has sent an ulti
matum to Roumania demanding with
drawal of the severe armistice terms
presented to Hungary, on pain of a
cessation of the shipment of food to
fARIS, Aug. 7. The supreme coun
cil has sent a note to the Roumanian
authorities .begging them to conform
to the decisions of the entente and not
to embarrass by previous decisions the
work of the Inter-allied Investigating
committee sent to Budapest.
PARIS. Aug. 7. Herbert Hoover,
head of the Inter-allied relief
sion. has stopped all relief supplies on
their way to Budapest, taking the posi-
ne would be unwarranted in
letting supplies reach vrunirar i,iu
the Roumanians are now depriving the
ticupic 01 looasturrs.
Members of the American J.i.
gation said tonight that there are no
American troops rvpw In Budapest, and
that none will be sent there i
added that the only Americans in the
nungarian capital are officers, and
possibly a few soldiers engaged 'in re
LONDON, Aug. 7. A bolshevik K-
marine has been sunk in the Baltic
sea.ty the British torpedo-boat de
stroyers Valorous and Vancouver, ac
cording to an official statement Issued
by the admiralty this evening.
HUNGARIAN CABINET OUSTED
New Ministry Reported Established
by Archduke Joseph.
PARIS, Aug. 7. The peace confer
ence was advised today that the Hun
garian cabinet headed by Jules Peidll
had been overthrown and that Arch-
LEAGUE CANNOT LEAD
U. S. TO WAR WOOD
ARMIES WILL NEVER EM; II T ON
MANDATE OF ALIEN.
Vigorous Appeal for Preparedness
as .Measure of Humanity Is Made
After Medal Is Received.
SANTA FE. X. M.. Aug. 7. "The
armies of America," declared Major.
General Leonard Wood, in a speech fol
lowing the conferring of a medal bv
the state of New Mexico at the capitol
here today, . "will never go to war at
the mandate of any foreign nation, nor
group of nations."
General Wood urged national pre
paredness as a steadfast policy, declar
ing lack of it is "not humanitv. but
He received loud applause when he
appealed for the wiping out of "cheap
little racial and social distinctions" and
the perpetuation of the battlefield
spirit of democracy.
"Avoid Internationalism as vou would
death." said General Wood in denuncia
tion of bolshevlsm and allied evils.
The medal was presented in recogni
tion of General Wood's service in the
TRANS-ROCKY FLIGHT ON
Captain Hoy, Canadian Aviator, Orf
for Pioneer Voyage.
VAXCOUVER, B. c. Aug. 7.-Captain
e.. C. Hoy. Canadian army airman, left
here at daybreak today in an attempt
to fly across the Canadian Rocky
mountains. He reached Vernon B C
225 miles from here, in three hours and
six minutes. He left Vernon at 8:19 for
The flight, ir successful, will be the
first ever made over the Canadian
Rockies. Captain Hnv t.,,
j ..".i, vjii mc
time flight several days ago. but turned
.,.. Wnen ne encountered unfavorable
weather at Chilliwack.
The flight is being made under the
auspices of three newspapers, the Van-
"r"' "1 LhC "y Herald and
the Lethbridge Herald. Captain Hoy ex-
f'c sh b- -ay of Lethbridgeyanl
reach Calgary at about 8 P. M. today.
'I DID IT ALL' FALKENHAYN
German General Assumes Responsi
bility for War.
PARIS. Aug, 7. This morning's news
papers announce that Baron Kurt von
Loisner. head of the German mission
at Versailles, has transmitted to the
supreme council a letter from General
B.rich von Balkenhayn. former German
chief of staff in which he claimed re
sponsibility for all military acts by
Germany while he was in power from
he beginning of the war to the end of
the battle of Verdun.
,J,e,nerf' V?,7 F,lkenh-" offers him-
rrr,rvlf, al"e3 PlaCe f driller Lm-
LAUNDRY WOMEN STRIKE
Spokane Employes Refuse to Do Ex
tra Work at Former Pay.
SPOKANE, Wash.. Aug. 7. Twenty
women employed by a Spokane laundry
went on strike today in protest against
what they declared was requirements
"y additional work for the
same pay as formerly.
Other laundries were not affected.
PORTUGAL JICKS LEADER
Antonio Almeida Gets Big Majority
of Voles Tor President.
LISBON. Wednesriav Ac :
tonio Almeida, former prerrr and
01 r- inies. was elected presi
dent of Portugal today by parliament.
Senor Almeida received 123 votes to
31 for other candidates.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTRRDAT'P Maximum temperature 7"
deitrera; minimum. ; decrees.
TODAY'S Fair: moderate westerly winds.
Distrust of Germany short-sichted policy
says Maximilian Harden. Page 3
ArCpaget' JScph ia ru,cr of Hungary.
President puts ettl-mnt of shopmen strike
up to Director Hines. Page 1.
Wilson puts finishing touches on his speech
on high prices. Fage 1.
Lodge asks senate to demand allied recogni
tion of treaty reservations. Page 2.
ACtpage "1trlke cIo-e :ew fork theater..
Coast (rives lusty welcome to American ar
mada. Page 4.
rarifir North went.
Governor Olcott may Ignore Multnomah del
eRation'a petition for suffrage session.
Shopmen's strike on ctst affects Seattle
Tacoma, Centra ha. Page 17.
Successor to Allan T. Baum as had of Coast
league not yet in sight. Page 14.
Programme for Ciearhaxt Beach goir play is
announced. Page 14.
Pacific Coast league result?: Portland 0
Seattle 1!; Los Angeles , Oakland 1; Salt
Lake 4. Sacramento O; Vernon i San
Francisco U. Page 14.
Commercial mod Marine.
Merchants Exchange association elects I, C
Sanford president. Page
September corn hlsher at 'hV-aeo. owlnc to
trafric interruption. Page a!.
Severe decline in Wall-street stovka in final
hour of trading. Page J3.
Longshoremen present demands for increase
in wageh. Page
Portland and Vicinity.
Mr. Esterly resigns from city housing-code
committee. Page 111.
American Legion plans further campaign
against alien slackers. Page 9.
Charley Jnnoa. veteran boot h gffcr draws
long term from his old prosecutor
Chamber of Commerce of United States
party visits Portland. Page 1.
Frightened taxi driver falls from scat, caus
ing robbers capture. Page 1.
Fourth engineer greeted in Portland by
home Toikb. Page t.
Portland fails to get ahare of army surplus
Four more forest patrol planes reach Salem
OF NOTION GUESTS
Chamber of Commerce cf
U. S. Party Here.
1920 CONVENTION fS ITtD
27 Officers and Dir&ctcrs Hear
NATIONAL ISSUES TOUCHED
President H. L. Ferguson, lVrmerIy
of Portland. Pleads for Sane
Five hou.-s later than scheduled, dii
to delays en route over the Southern
Pacific railroad. 2V officers and direct
ors of the Chamber of Commence of
the United States were welcomed to
Portland yesterday at a noonday mcrt
incr In the Oresron building;. The vis
itors were met at the tin ion sUaticm
by a party headed by Mayor Baker and
President Corbott of the Chamber of
Commerce, escorted to automobiles and
whisked away to the preen room of the
Chamber of Commerce, where they were
preeted by business men and enter
tained at luncheon. The train delay dis
rupted the programme of the morninjf
and left no time for. the intended trips
to industrial plants and the water fronJL
It was at the luncheon that the in
vitation to select Portland as the con
vention city for the 1920 meeting of
the natfonal commercial body was pre
sented, and President Homer L. Fergu
son delivered a stirrinp address in re
sponse. Immediately after the luncheon
the party was taken to the public au
ditorium to inspect the building that
provides every convenience for large
gatherings. A slight hitch in the pro
gramme occurred at this point, due to
a part of the visitors having been di
verted to a ceremony in one of the park
blocks, but a number did join there and
started out for the trip over the Co
lumbia river highway that occupied the
greater part of the afternoon and ter
minated with dinner at the Portlajid
President Voices Welcome.
'It is our very great pleasure to wel
come to Portland the directors of the
United States Chamber of Commerce,"
said H. L. Corbett, president of the
Portland Chamber, in welcoming the
guests, "and it is my regret that ow
ing to the belated arrival of the train
which brought you here, I must wel
come you on behalf of a great many
of our business ncn who were disap
pointed that they did not have the op
portunity to be present at this hour.
But the welcome is none the less cor
dial and genuine, and we want you to
come again. It is fitting, however,
that the invitation on behalf of the
city should come from one who speaks
as the official representative, and I
take, pleasure in introducing Mayor
It was 1:30 o'clock before the vis
itors were seated in the big dining
room, but notwithstanding the late
ness of the hour, a representative
group of business men remained for
the belated luncheon and to hear the '
addresses of the occasion.
"We have an ambition to have the
United States Chamber meet in Port
land," said Mayo Baker, plunging
into the subject without wasting tixxM
Hope to Meet In lf20.
"We appreciate the power of the or
ganization and t-he possibilities for
achievement through that power. It
was our desire to show you some pt
the things that we have, but we could
not begin to show you all in a day.
We hope that we may have the chance
to devote a whole week to acquainting
you with Portland in 19-0.
"For one thing, we have an audi
torium here where every conv enience for
ample room for the committee meetin-gs
ample room for the committee meetin-g
for the conferences that are so impor
tant a part of every such great gafher
ing. We realize that the directors of
this organization are men of large af
fairs, and we want you to come to Port
land because of everything big that yru
represent. It is a privilege to say to
you that Portland earnestly desires tif&t
the 1920 convention come here. We cam
entertain you as we have successfully
received the Grand Army of the Re
public, the National Kducation associ
ation, and as we will in 1920 entertain
the Shrine. It is our hope that you
will accept Portland's invitation."
Portland Advantage DetalCVU
Arthur C. Callan, chairman of iffie
committee in charge of the invicv5oi
on behalf of Portland, spoke briefly in
presenting to President Ferguson are
reasons formulated in 'manuscript and
compiled in a bound volume, illustra.vi
wiUa photograph of local views. lis
said that for the first time a Paorfle
coast city makes request that the am
nual meeting of the national bod? Ue
held here. Claims of Portland by rVa
son of its proximity to San Frarcx,
to be the place of the next meetUrg of
the foreign trade conference, was cd
van 1. H was pointed out that majv
of the delegates to one of these annual
meetings are sure to be sent also to
the other, as was the case last year,
and that tie most successful conven
tions of both have been when the liatco
were arranged to enable the two meet
ings to be included in the itinerary o-f
a single trip. Briefly he mentioned fch
geographic advRntage of location, ac-
tConcludcd on Tae 7, Coiuaa