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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
" " OxJ LT 1 1 O 1 8 r 1 -1- Entered at Portland (Oregon) ' T nrT t w ' " 1 - - -
poome...gnnd-ci,Mtter. . FORTLAND, OREGOA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1919. PRirFTVP rrvTS
WILSON TO REVIEW
1 1 1 1 i i in
GREAT ARMADA OF
PACIFIC AT ANCHOR
Mudhooks Are Dropped in
BY AERIAL VISITORS
FLEET OF EIGHT FLIERS LAND
AT AIRPLANE FIELD.
TO TIME BY ALLIES
Ultimatum to Hungary
LOAD IS TOO HEAVY
FLEET FROM OREGON
HISTORIC BATTLESHIP "WILL GO
TO SAX FRANCISCO.
ALLIES REQUESTED TO MODIFY
Secretary Lansing Offers
Views to Senators.
SHANTUNG CALLED VIOLATION
Cabinet Officer Often Refers
Solons to President.
LEAGUE NOT 'MADE IN U. S.'
Foreign Relations Committee of
Ypper House Told Minutes of
TTASmXGTOX, Aug. 6. Secretary
Lansing before the senate foreign rela
tions committee today expressed the
opinion that the Shantung- provision of
the peace treaty did not square with
President Wilson's enimclated princi
ple of self-determination, but main
tained that the treaty as a whole car
ried out "substantially" the president's
Declering his unfamiliarity with
many details of the peace negotiations
and of the treaty itself, the secretary
told the committee he was unable to
answer many of its questions, and re
minded senators in answering others
that he merely was expressing his own
Questions Hard to Answer.
"Ask the president." the secretary
said, when pressed for details of the
Shantung and league of nations nego
tiations. On three of the points raised
he asked permission to refresh his
memory and make a statement to the
committee later, and when he was asked
for detailed construction or the labor
and reparations clauses he protested
that he could not be expected to carry
the minutiae of an SO.OOO-word docu
ment in his mind, and reminded the
committee it was much e asier to "ask
questions prepared beforehand" than
to answer them offhand.
Mr. Tensing said that in his opinion
Japan probably would have signed the'
treaty without the Shantung provision;!
that the United States should ask no
part of German reparations; that the
kaiser could not be legally tried; and
that the mutual guarantee of terri
torial integrity from external aggres
sion, as contained in article 10 of the
league covenant, imposed a moral ob
ligation but not a legal one.
14 Points Not Dlicnurd,
The secretary said it was true that
the 14 points had not been discussed
to his knowledge in the preparatory
stages of the peace negotiations: that
the American draft of the league of
nations never was "pressed" before the
conference; that the president had
asked the peace conference not to lay
before the French senate the record of
discussions on the league: and that the
United States did not know of secret
treaties between the allies and Japan
regarding Shantung when this coun
try by the Lansing-Ishii agreement
recognized Japan's "special interests"
It was not true. Secretary Lansing
said, that he and other members of the
American delegation "protested"
against the Shantung settlement: that
Great Britain "refused to permit" dis
cussion of the freedom of the seas by
the peace conference, or that any of
the American expert advisers had re
signed because they disagreed with the
dec:sion regarding Shantung.
Records Hard to Get.
The general basis on which the
treaty was flamed, said the secretary,
"was common sense and general prin
ciples, with an avoidance of policy and
expediency." Verbatim records of the
discussions, he told the committee, had
been left in Paris, adding that he
would not have given to the senate
the less complete transcripts in the
posses-sion of the state department be
cause it might caue "irritation" to
Both the Shantung provision and the
lea sue covenant, the witness said, had
been negotiated largely by the presi
de nt. who alone of the American dele
sates would be able to reveal details
of the discussions.
The secretary was before the com
mute during the whole of an all-day
session, and although senators appar
ently had finished their questioning of
him when adjournment was taken to
night, it was thought likely that other
points might be brought up when he
appears again next Monday.
President for Treaty.
Bringing up the Anglo-French treaty,
Senator Johnson asked at whose sug
gestion this treaty was made.
"The president's," Mr. Lansing re
plied. "1 don't know if It was his orig
inal suggestion, but 1 first heard of it
Mr. Lansing said he believed the
French treaty merely supplemented ar
ticle 20 of the league of nations cov
enant, treating with special offensive
and defensive alliances.
"Could any offensive or defensive
alliance be made under article 20?'
asked Senator Johnson.
"Yes. I don't think that it affects it."
was the reply.
Mr. Lansing did not recall how the
American plan for a league of nations
differed from that adopted. Asked by
Senator Brandegee whether it was true
that the American plan was drafted by
(Continued on Fags 3, Column l.
Objection Made to Bear ins Two
Thirds of War Debt or Austro-Hnn-garian
State; Proposals Presented.
PARIS. Aug. 6. The Austrian coun
ter proposals to the peace, terms were
handed to the allied mission at St. Ger-main-en-Laye
at 12.15 o'clock today.
The counter proposals were brought at
once to Paris and delivered to the su
preme council of the peace conference.
The Austrians state they also be
lieve they have been greatly over
charged, as two-thirds of the debt of
the Austro-Hungarian state is being
loaded-upon them. They say the pro
portion is too heavy, considering their
small position, and that they are not
sure they can live under such condi
tions. A special appeal was made by the
Austrians for an oral discussion of the
treaty. They said they believed such
a discussion would iesult in a more
complete understanding of the condi
Although the Austrians indicated
very clearly their intention of signing,
they expressed the hope that some
modification may be effected.
WIVES AT PRE-WAR PRICES
Women 'o Dearer in Africa in Spite
of Living Costs.
(Copyright by- the New Tork World. Pub
lished by arraneemcnt.)
LONDON. Aug. 6. (Special Cable.)
The high cost of living has penetrated
the darker recesses of Africa, but wives
are obtainable in many places for pre
war values, according to traders. High
ly colored beads and plated jewelry are
stiH among the chief articles for which
wives are bought.
Owing to the interruption in the sup
ply of cheap German jewelry and other
trinkets during the war there is a big
market for these articles, especially as
many chiefs are anxious to replace
some of their tarnished ornaments. One
British trader inquired of the Amer
ican chamber of commerce today re
garding the possibilities of interesting
American manufacturers in these arti
cles in the African market to replace
the German ware.
Highly flavored chewing gum Is also
said to have a large future, not only
among the jungle proletariat, but
among the best families as well.
ALBANY CASKET MYSTERY
Box Used as Window Seat Contains
Pillow, but "o Body.
ALBANY, Or., Aug. 6. (Special.) A
mysterious rectangle box, used for five
years as a window seat by renters at
an Albany residence, was opened this
morning by R. R. Emmons, who bought
the home recently.
The lid had been held closed by two
metal clasps, concealing Yale locks. The
interior revealed a daintily trimmed
pink and white casket with a pink pil-
ow in place, which looked as if a bead
had been pressed upon it, but there was
no body in the casket.
The unsolved mystery is a set of
miniature wires and switches in the
casket, which appear a if the builder
had planned to crawl in and electrocute
himself. The contraption has been
placed in the basement to await the un
ROSEBURG MAYOR IS JUDGE
Governor Appoints D. J. Stewart
to Succeed R. W. Masters.
SALEM, Or., Aug. 6. (Special.) D. J.J
Stewart of Roseburg was this afternoon
appointed by Governor Olcott to sue- J
ceed R. W. Marsters as county judge
of Douglas county. Judge Marsters
yeaieruay iiieu ins resignation Wlin tne
governor and requested the appoint
ment of Mr. Stewart as his successor.
Mr. Stewart has resided in Roseburg
for about ten years, has been active in
all political and civic matters, and is at
present mayor of his home town.
FLEET SNAPPED BY FLIERS
Pictures Then Carried by Plane to
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 6. Captain
Lowell H. Smith and Lieutenant H. A.
Harverson, army aviators, reached here
late today in an airplane carrying pho.
tographs made of the new Pacific fleet
off the Coronado island yesterday for
publication in newspapers.
The aviators left San' Diego this
morning. They were forced to descend
at Hanford, Cal., by engine trouble,
which delayed them four hours.
POLICE FORBIDDEN TO LEAN
Seattle Chief to Suspend All Who
Fail to Stand Vp Straight.
SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 6. Orders
posted at the police station here today
instructed patrolmen not to lean against
posts or buildings while on duty.
"Any patrolman seen doing so in the
future will be suspended," Chief of
Police J. F. Warren said in the orders.
Recently Seattle police officers were
barred from carrying clubs and from
riding free on street cars.
FOCH TO VISIT AMERICA
Paris Newspaper Says Government
Invitation Is Received.
PARIS. Aug. . (Havas.) Marshal
Foch, commander-in-chief of the allied
armies during the war. is reported by
the Echo de Paris to have been invited
by the United States government, as
well as several organizations In that
country, to visit America.
TO BE PROSECUTED
Anti-Trust Suits Stop in
Fight on Prices.
ARREST FOR ALL x ..uriTEERS
Clear Case of Violation, Says
HOARDS WILL BE SEIZED
Special Agents Are Ordered to Act;
President to Ask for More
Laws on I'ood Control.
WASHINGTON", Aug. . Anti-trust
suits against the great meat packing
Arms were announced today by Attor-ney-Generai
Palmer as the first con
crete development cf the government's
campaign to reduce the high cost of
Armour, Swift. Morris. Wilson and
Cudahy, who have been pictured in the
investigations of the federal trade com
mission and before congressional com
mittees as a great combination in con
trol of food products, are to be haled
again before the federal courts by spe
The evidence in hand, Attorney-General
Palmer declared, indicated "a clear
violation of the anti-trust laws."
Isidor J. Kresel of the New York
law firm of Jerome, Rand & Kresel,
will have charge of tiw case and Sir.
Palmer said he would give such assist
ance at the department of justice "as
the case seems to warrant." Mr. Kresel
headed the committee which examined
the evidence submitted.
Whether the prosecutions would be
civil or criminal the attorney-general
declined to state, merely recalling that
the law provided for both.
The history of all the government's
anti-trust prosecutions in 25 years
does not show a single individual ever
serving a jail sentence for a violation.
There are evidences that the govern
ment hopes for some in the present
Campaign Is Natlon-AYIde.
While he was announcing prosecu
tions of the packers, Attorney-General
Palmer was unleashing his special
agents on a country-wide trail of
profiteering and food hoarding. The
prosecutions come under the food con
All United States attorneys were in
structed to ferret out food hoards and
libel them under federal law.
"This is the most important business
before the country today," announced
the attorney-general, "and I propose
to have the law enforcement machin
ery of the government sidetrack every
thing to this job."
President Wilson continued to give
close attention to the food cost problem
and declined a proposal to postpone
I Continued on Pa E- Colli m n 1 . )
Admiral Clark Will Be Placed in
Command or His Former Vessel
Al for Xotable Occasion.
BREMERTON, Wash., Aug. 6. Or
ders from Washington received at the
Puget Sound navy yard here today in
structed that the historic old battle
ship Oregon be put back into commis
sion and sent to San Francisco. Press
dispatches several days ago said Pres
ident Wilson will go aboard the Ore
gon to review the Pacific fleet as it
steams through the Golden Gate.
The Oregon, which is anchored off
the navy yard here, will be placed in a
drydock and outfitted at once. The
boat was ordered to report In San
Francisco by August 31. She probably
will leave here about August 25, it was
said at the yard.
Rear Admiral Charles F. Clark, re
tired, who when a captain commanded
the Oregon in her mlstory-making run
around South America during the
Spanish-American war, will resume
command of the boat during the presi
dential review, according to unofficial
word from Washington.
Word from Secretary of the Navy
Daniels that the historic battleship
Oregon again would be placed in com
mission may tend to revive efforts to
obtain the vessel as a training ship for
the Oregon naval militia. The dis
patch from Washington indicated that
the ship was being placed in commis
sion temporarily in order that Presi
dent Wilson might review, the Pacific
fleet from the decks of the famous
MOLASSES FIRMS MERGE
Americans Consolidate Big Plants In
Canada and Britain.
NEW YORK. Aug. 6. The United
States food products corporation an
nounced today that it had purchased
the Sugar Products company, the Pure
Cane Molasses company of the United
States, the Pure Cane Molasses com
pany of Canada, the British Molasses
company of Great Britain and the Tres
company, limited, of Great Britain.
The entire purchase price was said to
have been paid in cash.
The United States Food Products
corporation was formerly the Distillers
Securities corporation and is engaged
in the manufacture of industrial al
cohol and livestock feed. In the latter
of which molasses forms an important
FRENCH TO HONOR CHINESE
Croix de Guerre to Be Presented to
Three at Boise Today.
BOISE. Idaho, Aug. 6. (Special.)
The croix de guerre will be presented
to three more Idaho veterans of the
late war in Boise tomorrow, and among
them is the first American Chinese
known tg have been recognized for
bravery on the battlefield. They are
Carl W. Dosch of Weiser, Carmel L.
Droesbeck and Frank C. Emow, both
of Boise. Governor D. W. Davis will
deliver an address. This will be the
first event of its kind ever held in the
Emow is the brother of a well-known
Boise Chinese interpreter. He was born
in Baker, Or., and his parents are nat
uralized American citizens.
MOW VOU PrC
VOR CoKVs AND
TO SfN.tM rVHti WcVVXFY ?"Vv-
HELGOLAND VETERANS IN LINE
Powerful Battleships Don New
Coat of War Paint.
FLEET AWAITS VISITORS
Molorboats Pf.sh In and Out Among
Great Warships While Admiral
Tells of Deeds of Heroism.
SAN DIEGO, Cal., Aug. 6. The Pa
cific fleet of American dreadnoughts
became a reality today when six of
the heaviest line battleships. Admiral
Hugh Rodman in command, slipped
their anchors off Los Coronados islands
and made ready to receive tomorrow a
welcome to their new home in the
waters of the Pacific from Secretary
of the Navy Daniels and the people of
the western coast. Secretary Daniels
reached San Diego tonight and went
over the final plans for the reviewing
of the naval parade off Coronado beach
The six dreadnoughts the largest
class of the fighting line of the United
States navy were the flagship New
Mexico, Mississippi, Wyoming, Arkan
sas, New York and Texas, and with
them came over a score of destroyers
with their mother ship, the scout cruis
er Birmingham. The older warships
Georgia and Vermont and the cruiser
Montana -were already at anchor off
Los Coronados when Armiral Rodman's
armada arrived. Admiral Rodman's
fighting ships, the first dreadnoughts
to visit the Pacific shores, had steamed
almost steadily for 18 days on a 5000
mile voyage from Hampton Roads, Va.
Veterans of Helgoland Anchor.
Four of the dreadnoughts the New
York, Texas, Arkansas and Wyoming
composed the major part of Admiral
Rodman's sixth battle squadron, which,
as one of the fast wings of Admiral Sir
Beatty's grand sea fleet, pinned the
Germans in their holes behind Helgo
The echo of the anchor chains had
scarcely ceased at dawn when scores
of jackies went over the sides on lad
ders and began the task of painting
the ships" sides. The turrets and the
big guns as well as masts and hatch
ways all came in for a bright coat of
gray. Decks were holystoned and
bright work was polished and night
fail found the war vessels in readiness
for the review.
News that Admiral Rodman's fleet
was lying off Los Coronados was sent
to San Diego earlier in the day and
there was a constant procession of mo
torboats bearing sightseers that braved
the swell outside the harbor to get an
(Concluded on Pan 2. Column 4.)
Planes Are to Be Used in Forest
Fire Patrol Service Six Make
Trip From Sacramento.
MEDFORD. Or., Aug. 6. (Special.)
A fleet of eight army planes to form
the forest fire aerial patrol in Oregon
arrived unexpectedly in Medford to-nig-ht,
landing in 'he new airplane field
here. Six of the planes flew from
Mather Field, Sacramento, making the
trip In three hours and 40 minutes. The
other planes, piloted by Lieutenant
Kiel and Sergeant McKee, arrived from
the north, bringing with them Deputy
Forester Scott and A. S. Bartram. super
visor of the Umpqua national forest.
The fleet from Sacramento is under
command of Major A. D. Smith, flying
a 150-horsepower J. N. six. He will
establish flying headquarters in Ore
gon at Salem. Eugene and Roseburg.
When this is done he will fly through
Montana, Idaho and to the Canadian
border to assist the forest service in
establishing similar forest fire patrols
throughout these sections.
The trip from Sacramento was un
eventful except when going over the
Siskiyous. when Major Smith's engine
worked badly and- he was able to
secure only altitude enough to top the
summit by about a hundred feet.
"1 thought for a while." said Major
Smith tonight, "that I would have to
negotiate the Southern Pacific tun
nel." The other planes from Sacramento
are manned by Lieutenants E. C. Bat
ten. E. Blake, A. Goodrich. C. H. Ride
nour, L. C. Goidsborough and Sergeants
S. B. Fisher, M. E. Taylor. C. A. Lajotte,
L. W. Wagner, J. C. McGinn and E. J.
The fleet will leave tomorrow morn
ing for Salem. Four planes will be
used for patrol work, with one plane
in reserve, said Major Smith.
MILL BURNS; LOSS $350,000
$3,000,000 Seatlc Stocks Endan
gered; Origin Laid to Cigarette.
SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 6. Fire, be
lieved to have been caused by a ciga
rette, destroyed tonight the mill of the
Bissell Lumber company, adjoining the
southern city limits, and a stock of
lumber, the total loss being estimated
at J305.O0O. Half of the loss,, it was
said, was covered by Insurance.' Nearly
S3. 000. 000 worth of supplies belonging
to the Russian commission on ways and
means, nearby, were endangered for a
Apparatus from the Seattle fire de
partment assisted employes in fighting
the flames. Three, freight cars also
KNOT TIED BY TELEPHONE
Woman in Denver and Man in Xcw
York United in Marriage.
DENVER. Aug. 6. A transcontinen
tal marriage was performed today by
long-distance telephone when Mrs.
Marie West, in Denver, was wedded to
James A. Home, a Denver inventor, in
New York. The Rev. O. Elizabeth An-,
derson of Loveland officiated at the
When time for the presentation of the
ring came, a friend who up to that time
had been best man and presenter or the
bride, became the proxy bridegroom,
placing the ring on the bride's finger.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 85
degrees; minimum. 5S degree).
TODAY'S Fair and cooler, moderate winds,
Roumania called on by allien to mitigate
demands on Hungary. Page 1.
Aut-tnans complain peace load is too heavy
House committee hears outline of labor'
railroad operative plan. Page 3.
Shooting suggested to stop profiteering.
Wilson satisfied with I'chida statement re
garding Shantung. Page 4.
Secretary Lansing quizzed on treaty by sen
ate committeemen. Page 1.
Meat parking- magnates to be prosecuted.
Great armada of Pacific anchors in home
waters. Page 1.
Second division men arrive in Brooklyn.
Etarht army plane? land unexpectedly at
Medford. Page 1.
General tieup of all railway lines forecast.
Pacific North went.
Ex-soruce officer claims three living wives.
State phone-rate Inquiry ordered. Page 5.
Old battleship Oregon ordered into commis
sion again. Page 1.
Legislator not keen for extra session.
Commercial and Marine.
Continued advance in linseed oil prices is
expected. Pagv l!3.
Corn rises seven to nine cents in bulging
market at Chicago. Page '22.
Substantia ! gains made In W'all-Htreet market-
Pacific Coast league results: Portland 1,
Seattle 5: Salt Lake 7, Sacramento 5;
Oakland 6, Los Angeles 4; San Francisco
5. Vernon page 14.
New York American league club protects
Pitcher Mays by injunction. Page 14.
Flork of battlers on Dempsey'a trail.
Philbroor to pick northwest stars for na
tional field and track meet. Page 15.
Portland and Vicinity.
Portland tomorrow welcomes editors from
all part of U S. Page 1ft.
James H. Babcock, noted caterer, is suicide
at sea. Page 12.
Bar of police court no place for bartender
lawyer. Page 13.
Party of nation's Industrial leaders Portland
guests today. Page 1 7.
Italian hatred for "Wilson observed by Port
land man. Page 5.
Pruggibts attack alcohol bills. Page l.
Highway project to be extended over five
.instead of tmo years. Pa se .
Mothers of heroes to g-t Krenrh erodes
here today. Page J.
Wool men proteM against proposed hiaher
Xreisht rates. Page S.
DEMANDS HELD EXCESSIVE
Bucharest Government Or
dered to Obey Armistice.
ENTENTE TROOPS ON SCENE
French and British in Budapest
Anti-Communist Forces Moving
on Capital for Revenge.
PARIS, Aug. 6. (By the Associate
Press.) Nicholas Misu of the Rou
manian peace delegation was sum
moned before the supreme council to
day, which gave him a communication,
for his government, saying that tha
Roumanian ultimatum to Hungary can
not be recognized by the peace confer
ence and calling upon the Roumanians
to live up to the armistice terms.
The ultimatum makes demands far in
excess of the terms of the armistice.
The messages first received stated
that the Hungarians had been given
until 8 P. M. today to comply with the.
demands. Later advices showed that
there had been an error in telegraphic
transmission and that the ultimatum
expired at 8 P. M. yesterday, August a.
Budapeat Government in Peril.
It is greatly feared in conference
circles that the Roumanian action will
result in the over th row of the nevr
Hungarian government. French cir
cles state that the Roumanian army is
not under command of Marshal Foch,
the allied commander-in-chief. The,
Roumanian general refuses to accept
orders from the French. The Rou
manians have not been actively par
ticipating in the peace conference sines
Premier Bratiano some time ago took,
exception to the decision of the confer
ence upon the principle guaranteeing:
the rights of minorities within national
In the ultimatum the Roumanians de
mand the reduction of the Hungarian
army to 15.000 men and the surrender
of 50 per cent of the harvest, animals
and farm machinery and 50 per cent of
the railway supplies.
Danube Shipping; Demanded.
The ultimatum also demands a large
proportion of the Danube shipping and
equipment and supplies for an army of
300,000 men, together with rations for
the Roumanian forces pending a peace)
COPENHAGEN, Aug. 6. French
troops arrived at Budapest yesterday
and British troops under General Gor
don and American forces under Cap
tain Wips arrived there today, accord
ing to dispatches received here from
Vienna quoting the newspapers of that
BUDAPEST Aug. 5. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Czecho-Slovak and Ser
bian troops, following the Roumanians,
are advancing toward Budapest. Cap
tain Thomas C. Gregory, member of the
inter-allied relief commission, at
tempted to persuade the Roumanians
not to occupy the city, presenting pro
tests from the Hungarians, who in
sisted that only the presence of British
and American troops here could bring
about a solution of the situation with
BERLIN, Aug. 6. (By the Associated
Press.) Troops of the anti-communist
gov&rnment at Szegedin are advancing
on Budapest, according to dispatches
received here today. The force is said
to include a battalion of 1800 officers
who have put on mourning which they
have sworn not to remove until they
have avenged alleged acts of violence
against their relatives.
Allies Representative Arrives.
Prince Livio Borghese, head of the
allied mission at Vienna, arrived at
I Budapest today, according to dis
patches from there, in company with
British, French and American officers.
They immediately conferred with Gen
eral Marderesou, commander of the
Roumanian forces occupying Budapest.
TRIESTE. Aug. 5. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) A group of bolshevik!
appeared on the streets here today and
j attempted to start rioting. The dis
i turbers. however, were dispersed by
the police with the assistance of the
population. As a result of the demon
stration 700 arrests were m-adc.
POSSE CHASING OUTLAWS
Leader of Band Changed With Ab
ducting Girl of 14.
WELCH, W. Va.. Airs. 6. A pitched
battle is expected momentarily be
tween a posse of 100 men and a band
of outlaws headed by Manderville
Farley, an alleged army deserter, who
Is charged with abducting and hcrld
ing prisoner in the mountains the 14-year-old
daughter of Kenneth Abshire,
KING DECORATES PREMIER
Order or Merit Is Conferred on Lloyd
George for Services.
LONDON. Aug. . King Ceorpe to
day conferred upon Premier David
Lloyd George the Order of Merit mm a
sign of his appreciation of Mr. Lloyd
George's war services.
ETl 1 04.0