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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TnE"SIORXIXG OKEGOXIAX. ' TCEDXESDAT, FEBKTJART 13. 1918.
HEW ERA DAW
IN TURKISH REALM mU
Capable People Coming Into
Their Own and Misgov
ernment Near End.
FrtEE ARMENIA IS ASSURED
fiT Ceararfe of Conflict, Despotic
Kitortion, Salridal Policy aod a
ptrt Irlal Attempt al Expansloa.
w Turkey I Coming.
fr,trtai 1!. K. Doren CO.
i-unli.hOTl by VTUttaKat. Coacludlaa:
in im w at
BT DR. 1URRT BTITR1IER.
Aa Itmii stand now, the Gfrmaa
government has thought fit. In her
blind belief In ultimate victory, to enter
on a formal treaty, guaranteeing the
territorial integrity of th Ottoman
t-rnplre. at a point in ths war when no
reasonable belcg even In Germany could
possibly auil believe that a tierntaa
victory would suffice to protect Turkey
after aba ha been aolemnly condemned
br the entento lor her long iut ot
oermany baa thus tlfea a negative
answer to the question paaaed from
mouth to mouth la the International
Ustru-t of I'era a 1 moat right from Tur
key'a entry Into the war: "Will Oer
ananr. If neceaaary. sacrifice Col.slan.
mople and th Dardanelles. If ana can
thua eecure peac with llueeia h
bad already given th a never "No" t
fore th absurd llluMone of a powib!
aeparate peace) with Russia at this trice
war finally and utterly diaplld ty
ae speeca or th Kusalaa Minlater Tre
poff. and th purposeful and cruelly
clear refuaal of (traiio; offer of
pear. Thee event and th Increasing
excitement about th war la t'onatan
tlnopl aod elsewhere- wer not required
to enow that In th Near East aa wall
th dent mutt b fought "to (be bitter
Never, howarer and that la German
world-poNtica. and tn ethlca of th
worM-p-iltlclan hae 1 ever beatd
single on of tboa Hermans, who
thought It an Impossibility to -rtf tc
their ally Turkey In order to gain th
)lred peac. put forward aa ar area-
weant for hla oplntoa th aham of
broken promise, but only th conoid
oration that German activity lu h
lands of llam. and particularly la 'he
valuable rr Kaat. would b over and
don with forever. I wonder If thoe
who hav decided, with th phantom of
a teaman-Turkish victory ever bef-ra
them, to id on with th struggle on th
aid of Turkey even after ah bad cm
mittad uch abominable crime, and to
drench Kuropa atlll further with th
tood of all civilised natlona of th
orld. ever have any qualma aa to bow
much of their one brilliant poaalbt I
tiea of commercial activity In Turkey.
Bow no lightly staked, would Mill exlat
war Turkey victorious.
History DetMn Otherwise.
Luckily for mankind, hiatory baa tie
aided otherwlae. After th war. th
hue and flourishing trade of Southern
Kuaaia will be carried down to th than
open seaport between Kurop and
Aula: th wealth ot Odesa and th
l'ontua porta, enormously Increased and
f re to develop, will be concentrated on
th Boeporus and th Dardanelles and
th whole hitherto neglected city ot
Constantinople, from I'era and Ualata
to Stamboul and Scutari and Haidar
Iaha. will become an earthly paradise
of pulalnc lit, well-being;, and comfort.
The luxury and elegance, of tb Crimea
will mov southward to these shores
of unique natural beauty and mild cli
mate which form th bridge between
two continents and between two seas.
Anvone who returns after a decade of
peaceful labor, when the Old World has
recovered from ita wounds, to the Bos
porus and th shores of th Sea of Max
mora. which he knew before th war.
under Turkish regime, will be aston
lahed at th marvelous chances which
will then hav been wrought la that
favored comer of th earth.
Never, even after another hundred
years of Turkish rule, would that
unique coast ever hav becoma what It
can be and what It must bo on of
th very greatest centera of Interna
tional Intercourse and the Riviera of
the East, not only In beauty of land
scape but In luxury and wealth. Th
greatest stress in this connection I to
be laid on the lively Rusaian Impetus
that will spring from a modernised
Kassla, untrammeled by restrictions In
th ritralta. Convinced aa 1 am that
I.ussia after th war will no longer
be th Kuenla of today, so feared by
Cermany. th Balkan Stale, and Tur
key. 1 am prepared to glv thta Impetus
full play, aa being th beat possible
sneana fur th further development of
In Asia Minor, from Brossa to th
slopes of the Taurus and the foot of
the Armenian mountains, there will ex
tend a modern Turkey which has finally
com to rest, t concentration, to peace
ful labor, after centuries of conflict,
cleapotic extortion, th suicidal policy of
military adventurers, and superficial
attempts at expansion coupled with
neglect of the most Important Internal
slut tee- Th Inhabitants of the lands
will aoon bav forgotten that "vlreater
Turkey" ha collapaed. They will be
rally bappy atlast. the people whose
Idea of bapplnea hitherto baa been a
veneer of material well-being obtained
by toadying, while th great balk ot the
mpir pined In dirt. Ignorance, and
poverty, conaumed by an outworn mili
tarism, oppressed by a decaying ad
mtnietration. Then, but not till then,
the world wfll see what th Turki.-h
people la capable of. Then ther will
b no need for peaalmtam about tms
kindly and honorable rac. Then w
can become boneat "pro-Turks again.
In Western Aaia Minor. Kurop will
not forget that th whole shore, wher
once atood Troy. Kphceus. and Mtiet. la
an oni-and-oat Hellenic renter of civ.
invasion ignite lnlerenint Iv of all
political fellnga toward present-dav
Greece, this historical fact must tM
taken Into consideration tn tM fins
ruling. It la to be hoped that the Greek
people will not bav to atone forever
for th faults of their oou-Cras.. King
tea that it bis sacred
rek and nothing but
bo has betrayed th honor
and tb future of th ution.
"Tree Armenia A Beared.
Th Armenian mountain-laud, laid
waal by war. and emptied of son by
Talaat'a paaalon for persecution, will
obtain autonomy from her conqueror.
Russia, and will perhaps b liitkcd up
vim all the other parts of th East.
Inhabited by th last remnants of the
Armenian people. Armenia, with lis
central position and divided Into three
among Turkey. Russia and Persia, may
from Ha geographical position, its un
fortunate history, and th ndieaa suf
ferings It has been called upon to bear,
be called tb Poland of Further Aria.
Delivered from the Turku l system,
freed from all anlagontauo Turtco-Rus-
sian military principles of obstruction,
linked up by railways to th west as
well aa th already well-develop-.! re
gion ot Transcaucasia, with a big
through trade from the Black Beavia
Trapesunt to Persia and Mesopotamia,
It will once more offer an excellent
field of activity to th high intellectual
and commercial abilities of lis people.
now. alas, scattered to th four wiuds
of heaven. But they will return to
their old home, bringing wilh tliem
European ideas, Kuropean technique.
and tho most modern methods from
It men are lacking, tney can o od-
talaed from th near Caucasus wltb Its
narrow, over-filled valleys, inhabited by
a moat surorior rac of men, who hav
always had strong emigrating Instincts,
trio thla moat unfortunat country In
th whol world, which th Turks of
th old regime and of tb new hav sys
tematically mutilated and at last be
queathed to Russia with practically not
a man left, la Koine to hav it Sprint-lira.
a th south. Great Arabia and Syria
will bav autonomy under th protec
tion of England and r'raneo with their
skillful lalam policy: they will have the
benefit of tb approved methods of pro
gressiva work In Egypt, the Soudan,
and India as well aa the Atlas lands;
they will be exposed to tb Influences
and Incitements of th rest ot civilised
Europe: they will probably be enriched
with capital from America, wher thou
sands of Arab and Syrian, as well as
Armenian, refugees have found a home;
they will provid th first opportunity
In history of showing how th Arab
rac accommodates Itself to modern civ.
IHsation on Its own ground and with
Us own sovereign administration. Th
final deliverance of th Arab from the
oppreeatv and harmful supremacy of
th Turks, now happily accomplished
by th war. waa one of tb most urgent
demands for a race that can look back
on centuries of brilliant civilisation.
The civilised world will watch with th
keenest Interest th self-development
of th Arabian lands.
Cevsaaay "teed t Craaabl.
Kven Germany, once sh Is at peace.
will hav no need to grumble at these
arrangements, however diametrically
opposed they mav be to th now sadly
shattered plans of th pan-German and
xpansion politicians. German will not
lose tho countless millions sh hss In
vested In Turkey. Sh will hav her
full and sufficient share In th Euro
pean work and commercial activity that
will soon revive again In the Near East.
Th Baghdad railway of "Rohrbach &
Company" will never be built. It la true;
but the Baghdad railway with a loyal
International marking off of the dtf
ferent sones of Interest, th Bsghdad
railway, as a hug artery of peaceful
Intercourse Unking up th whol of
Asia Minor and bringing peac and
commercial prosperity, will all the more
surely riae from It ruins. And whe
one th German Wellpolttlk with it
jealousy. Its tsctless. sword-rattling In
terferenc in th time-honored vital In
tereats of other states. Its political In
trlgues disguised in commercial dress.
la safely dead and buried, there wile be
nothing whatever to hinder Germany
from making use of this railway an
carrying ber purely commercial energy
and the products of her peaceful labor
to th shores of the Persian Gulf and
receiving In return th rich fruits o
her cultural activity on the soil ot Asia
SERVICE IS SOUGHT
Washington, Philadelphia and
New York to Have Sky Mail
Routes This Year.
EQUIPMENT BIDS ASKED
BOOTLEGGING RING ENDS
MtDI'ORD AITHORIT1F. SECTRK
laiperta tlaaa by Mean of iteaee and
Pwllaaaa Prter Brakes t'p by
Watchful Dewaty ftherlff.
AND HEAD NOISES
If yon hav Catarrhal teafness
or bead nolaea go to your drug
gist and get I ounr of Parmlnt
(double strength!, and add to It
hot water and Just a little sugar
aa direned in each parkaire. Tak
1 tableepoonful four ttmea a day.
Thia will often bring quick re
lief from th dlstresatng bead
noiaes. Closced noatrlls should
open, breathtne; become easy ad
tb mucus stop dropping Into the
throat. It is eaay to prepr. costs
little and is pleasant to tak.
Anyone who has Catarrhal Deaf
ness or head noise should glv
this prescription a trial.
XIEDFORP. Or.. Feb. 12 (Special.)
With the arrest and conviction of Floyd
Mllligan, a taxi man: Huston Cox,
colored porter at th Hotel Medford,
and Earl Jesslman. cook at a local
restaurant, the authorities believe they
have broken up a boollegs-ing ring that
has been operating In Medford and
Jackson County, ever sine the pass
age of the bone-dry act.
Milligan was arrested when be had
delivered a bottle of gin to a customer
for It. and admitted he had received
th liquor from Jesslman. The colored
porter was nabbed by Deputy Fherlff
Paul Anderson sfter he had secured
suites from a Pullman porter, on the
evening train arriving from San Fran
cisco which contained one dozen quarts
Milligan pleaded guilty and turned
state's evidence agsinst Jesslman. who
was convicted Saturday In th Justice
Court. Cox waa defended by Attorney
P. J. Neff. of Medford. a prominent
member of th bar. and made the claim
that he look, the suitcaa in tb regular
lln of hotl buainess snd knew nothing
about Its contents. Justice Taylor de
clared him guilty, however, and he was
fined and given 0 days In Jail.
The sentence was automatically su
pended by an appeal to the Circuit
The authorities claim that these
three men and a number ot associates
have been carrying on a lucrative
bootlegging business, through the me
dium of Pullman porters on the South
ern Pacific. In hia position as porter
of the local hotel Cox waa able to
handle large quantltlea of liquor for
many montha befor h waa auspected
and It is estimated that the three men
cleaned up severs! thousand dollara in
the laat eisrht or ten month.
DISLOYAL TEACHER QUITS
Finnia Roth. Camas, Attempted to
Spread Pro-German Propaganda.
CAMAS. Wash, Feb. IS. ( Special.)
Miss Emma Hotb. a teacher in th
Camas High School, received a hearing
before the school board and County
Superintendent W. E. Dudley yesterday,
and was permitted to resign for having
made disloyal statements and attempt
ing to spread pro-German propaganda
In th school.
Miss Roth 1 of German and Austrian
parentage and has an unci who was
a general In the Austrian army. One
of th principal charges brought up at
the hearing was th statement made
to her class thst mad no difference
whether Germany or th United States
son th war. If Germany won w
would ruled by tha German Emperor
Instead of th United States Govern
ment sad that would only affect the
Five Machines to Bo Secured, Each
to Have Carrying Capacity of
300 rounds; Special Rates
J lay Be Charged.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 1J. Establish
ment of an airplane mall service be
tween Washington. Philadelphia and
New Tork during he coming Summer
was Indicated today when the Port-
offic Department called for bids on
five airplanes for that service.
The service m-lll begin with one round
trip a day and later may be expanded.
First-class mall only will be carried
at th outset of the service.
The specifications of the Fostoffire
Department call for machines which
have stood satisfactory test In the War
and Navy departments service.
The bids will be opened on February
11 and the airplane are to be delivered
not later than April li of thia year.
Arrangements have been made with
th War Department to release a suf
ficient number of motors to equip the
"It I not th purpose of the Post-
office Department to make this an ex
perimental service." Postmaster-Gen
eral Burleson announced. "Ita practi
cablllty Is to be assured before the es
tablishment of the route. Once estab
liahed. It Is to remain a permanent
Congress hs.i appropriated $100,000
for us In establishing aerial mail serv
ice and the National advisory commit
tee on aeronautics and aeronautic ex
perts have pronounced the service feas
ible and beyond experimental stsges.
Each airplane will be required to
carry 200 pounds of mail a distance of
not less than 10 mile without stop,
at a maximum speed, with a full load
of 100 miles an hour, a minimum speed
of 4i miles, and a climbing speed of
(000 feet In 10 minutes.
A special postsge rate will be
charred for letters carried by airplane
if Congress will sanction it with th
necessary law. Th rate contemplated
Is Zi cents per ounce or fraction
thereof. It Is planned to maintain
permanent eervtc on regular schedule.
JEW TORK. Feb. 1 Postofflce of-
flrlsl here, commenting on the de
cision of the Poatofflc Department to I
establish an airplane letler-carryine
service, called attention to the repeated
delay In the delivery of mails, due -to
railway congestion raised by the war.
fcven Important official communica
tions passing between Washington snd
other cities hav suffered serious 1
In this connection It was pointed out
that the airplane plan to avoid these
conditions has a precedent in Italy.
where the pioneer among regularly f
conducted air posts was successfully I
tn operation nearly a year ago.
Franc also has transported mail by I
airplane. During Oeneral Pershing's I
pursuit or v ilia in Mexico American
mall was carried by airplanes between
Texas towns asd the expeditionary
TOLICE HEADQUARTERS: TEL. MAIN 71S1
FIRE DEPARTMENT: TEL. MAIN 7700
CLASH BRINGS NEW ORDER
Railroad Tariffs Rejected by Inter
state Commerce Commission.
SALEM. Or, Feb. 12. (Special. -
Chairman Miller, of the Public Service I
Commission, received word today from I
railroad officials in Portland that
clash between Director-General Me -
Adoo and the Interstate Commerce
Commission was responsible for the I
Director-General cancelling his first or
der relative to demurrage and placing
a new order into effect.
According to the information received I
here, the Interstate Commerce Com
mission refused to accept tariffs from
the carriers based on the first order of I
the Director-General. As a result, the I
Director-General Issued the new order.
which amended the first In a number of I
t eatures in the new order are the re- I
Instatement ot the average agreement)
rule, reinstatement of the bunching)
rule, and changea In the charges fr I
The soriw vligM
:e 80FFV Mil
f tie M
He had been warned about the fire danger. .
He had been urged to get more fire extinguishers and other fire appliances.
"No," said he, "I don't need them. My plant is insured. Let 'er burn." And she
did. Then he set out to rebuild. And he discovered this: that it would cost to
rebuild his factory just twice what the factory was insured for.
He discovered that building materials have advanced 50 in the last year; 100
in three years. His insurance, he discovered, did not cover the replacement value
of his property. Labor and bricks and mortar and steel he found very scarce.
He was accused of being a poor patriot for not providing better fire protection
and for using materials and labor that might be put to war use.
Fire lost for him $150,000 cash, eight months' time, contracts amounting to
$700,000, prestige, good-will. ,
It is a shame for any factory to burn nowadays. Safety from fire is easy to buy
and not very costly. Do these things:
1. Get big, strong, fighting watchmen. Equip each with a Pyrene to fight
fires, with a revolver to fight incendiaries, and with a Pyrene watchman's
clock to check his work.
2. Put Pyrene on posts througnout your buildings one to every 1000
square feet. '
3. Get a chemical engine, a factory-size fire engine, good on stubborn blazes.
i. uei nose to siop Dig, uevasxauug ures.
5. Teach all employees what fire means by dis- Ljr
nlavine" the warnin'sr siem shown here. lit
Watch out for incendiaries They are loose everywhere.
If they haven't reached you as yet, they may pay their respects any day.
Call the police instantly if you see suspicious persons near your plant
Every factory or motor truck burned helps the Kaiser.
Pyrene reduces your motor truck fire insurance
Send roe your Fire
iiT oy Prevention Book-
Sodaand Acid Extinguishers XS d catalog
Fire Department Supplies
Other Pyrene Fire Products
' Safety Cans
YOUNG FORGER IS PAROLED
Idaho Father Takes Son in Charre
Pleading Previous Good Conduct,
BAKER. Or.. Feb. 12. (FnaHni 1
L. G. Olsen. a salesman for the Swift
Packing- Company, who pleaded guilty
jo a coarse of forgery Friday, was to
day released in the custody of bis
father by County Judge Duby.
Ulsen s father, who arrived raster-
day from Idaho, produced evidence that
nis son was but 1 years ot aire and
action was suspended on account ot
nis youth and previous good conduct.
PACKERS' CASE DELAYED
SEARCH OF VAILT HELD TP BT
SUPERSEDEAS FROM COURT.
peal of the case by the counsel for
Swift & Co., will not seriously hamper
the Government agents in the investi
gation and prosecution of the alleged
felonies charged in the warrant.
Case Win Be Reviewed
Three Jadr.es f United Sti
Circuit Court of Appeals.
March 1 by
Cowilta Clubs Organised.
CHICAGO, . Feb. li. Attorneys for
Henry Veeder, general counsel for
Swift & Co., today filed a writ ot
error and obtained a supersedess from
,1. TTnlteri Stat Circuit: Court of A D-
KELSO. Wash., Feb. 1J. (Special.) I peals In the Government's search war
U Audrain, district leader of clubs. I rant case, with the result that further
opened his organisation campaign I search of the vault of the packers'
mong the boys and fctrls of Cowlitz I lawver for evidence In the Federal
County today with meetings at Castle I Trade Commission's investigation will
Rock. Ostrander. Sandy Bend and Shan- be delayed until after March 1.
(thai, wher he found much enthusiasm
for th club activities. Tomorrow morn
ing he will organise the work In the
Kelso schools snd at Eufaula west ofl
Kelso. Wednesday ha will visit the!
southern end of th county. County
Agent L R. Keyes and County Superin
tendent Lucia Jenkins are assisting him I
witn his work In this countv.
On that date the three Judges of the
United States Circuit Court of Appeals
ill review the case and pass on tne
validity of the Government s writ
issued under the search and seizure sec
tion OS the Federal espionage law.
Francis J. Heney. counsel for the
Federal TraWe Commission, declared
that the delay resulting from tne ap-
Pendleton K. of P. Buys Home Site.
PENDLETON", Or.. Feb. 12. (Special.)
The Pendleton Knights of Pythias
this morning announced the completion
of a deal by which the lodge acquires
the property opposite the Federal
building here for a consideration of
$15.0u. The property is 100 feet square
and after the war the lodge intends
to eonstrnrt s modem business block.
using one of the upper floors for its
lodgerooms. The situation is one of
the best in the city since the Federal
building was finished. For years it
has been the site of a row of wooden
houses, the quarters of the Chinese
James Watt Recovering;. .
CEXTRALIA, Wash.. Feb. 12. (Spe
cial.) James Watt, a member of Com
pany M, 161st U. S. Infantry, who was
111 with pneumonia when 'his regiment
left for France, is on the road to re
covery in a New York hospital, accord
ing to letter received hy his uncle.
J. D. Watt. The young soldier expects
to be sent to his regiment in Franc
when he fully recovers.
Campaign Manager Appointed.
LA GRANDE. Or.. Feb. 12. (Special.)'
Rev. F. W. Bussard, president of th
Pacific Synod of the Lutheran Church,
who is now located in La Grande, has
been appointed state campaign manager
for the Lutheran drive this month for
funds to conduct its relief work amons
the 190,000 Lutherans now under arms.
The state campaign will be conducted
from this point.
None Equal lo Chamberlain's
"I have tried most of the cough medi
cines and find that there is none that
equal Chamberjain's Cough Remedy. It
has never failed to give me prompt re
lief," writes W. V. Harner, Montpelier
Army and Navy Auxiliary
A rummag-e sale conducted by a number of Portland
women in order to raise funds to buy yarn to knit for
the soldiers, A worthy, unselfish cause. Will you
help ? Either by purchasing one of the many needed
articles for sale, or in giving whatever you feel would
be salable, and which you yourself do not need.
Remember the location. Sale started Monday be
sureto attend today.
208 First Street
Bet. Salmon and Main. Phones A 2674; Main 4563