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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LYIIL NO. 1?.8."5. ' POKTLAND, OKEGO.N. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1918. , PRICE FIVE CEXT3.
ITSELF OUT OF WAR
NAVY'S BAN BRINGS
FRENCH TO KNEES
USELESS BY SNOW
BUILD U. S. SHIPS
100 hoi.uwdijis ox w.r to
HOTEL keeper overch.rges
ADAPTATION OF WORK TO CON
PAC111C COAST YARDS.
DUTCH EXPERTS TO
CHIEFS IH TROUBLE
Tovvnley and Gilbert to
DISLOYAL ACTION IS CHARGED
Men Accused of Conspiring to
LOCAL STATEMENT ISSUED
Oram It tee IVflr fnfalr Charge
f DWIojallv Made Again Im
atloael Organliatlon Mnte-
aml llrld lH-morralle.
usrrnn.p. Minn.. Feb. 11. war-
rant were Issued here tonight charg
ing A- . Town'.y. president of lha
Non-Partlsan League, with conspiring
In discourse enllatmaate la tba mlly
tary and aaval forree of tha Cnlted
.ia, and accusing; Joaeph Gilbert.
secretary a4 organisation iMUfir,
of Iba aama crtma. and also with vloUt-
lnS the Minnesota statute covering dis
Wrntl were Immediately aerved
en Gilbert, and It la expected that
Townley ariU be placed under arrcat
li an official statement leaned yea
terday .a committee representing tbe
NooPrtlan party movement In thla
atata pronounces "unfair" charges of
dlaloyalty that have baan mada asalnat
tna National Non-Partisan League,
with wbl.-h tha propoaad organisation
In thla atata baa derided to afflllata.
Tha atalamant of thla committee, which
consisted of C. E. Itpence. M. M. Burt,
aar. C L. McKcnna. J. A. Smith, C il
F.jnarson and K. J. Stack, foliowa:
Leaea la Held Ueaaeiiatac.
"Toe atlark mada apoa tha National
Kon-Partlaaa League were considered
rarafully. and tha conclusions arrivad
at tallied eaaetly with thoae reached
Ind' aeaUent ly bv Profi-or Doaalaa. of
r.d "olleirv who apoke at the tJatur
day luncheon of the rreaoa Clvle
LaaTte. Tba National ' learue repre.
! Iba meat eerlona attempt to re.
a tor a demorrary. aronomlc aocial and
political, to tne people of tha failed
Vatca that haa bean mada In man
year, and the Oreaon lea sue etaada
ready to co-operate with It.
"The acraeattona of dlaioyaJty were
found to ba unfair and made by an
rrttpuloue acrnte of Interaata whir
fear tha aoimnal aad which are ready
to aerve their ae'.flab anda by mialeadlnc
people nndar the fulae of patriotism.
There are no more patriotic riliiena I
tha t'nlted St a tea than the farmera and
laboring men who are back of Una Boo
"fttepe were taken to oraaniae and
Incorporate the Orecon Non-Part nan
Lra(ua which will enroll membere In
every county to the atata and proceed
le Initiate billa coyerla the pro-
g ra.ru me indoraed by tha conference of
f-eobalataeje) la re I.e.
At the Initial m'elina ef thoe
Id'ntlfxd with the non-partlaan move
aaent here, held at the Multnomah
llorel January 1. It waa derided to
atnva for the natm'nt In of
lesleiatloa an the following- euhRcta:
rale houae Leg-ialeture of 3e mem
bere. preelded over by an officer elected
at large, who abatl alao be the Lira
tnaRMIeerflor; tttllraattoa of the
atatc'a natural reeourvea and public
attltttea for tbe common good, eatab'
Ii.ehnient of aa effective atata market
ing er.tem. a atata taw that will am
body the antl-lnjunvtloa featurea of
tha Cta toa amendment to the fbermaa
enrt-traet law. and compulaory com-
eo, tii-4 m r .X riimii 4
WrlT I. T I6C WT
It aa III wind thai blows no.
body good. War economy haa
brought as iw new things to
eat that tate miabty fine, ba
aid'a saving money and helping
Tha Oregonian will aend you
free one ropy of the new "War
1'iH.k Book." that telle you bow
to make aome of theee new a
diahea. The TCar Cook Rook
baa J oat beea complied, especially
for this pnrpoee. You can depend
aa It- It la leaned by tba United
States Pood Administration.
I"w yoa know how to make
baked honey ruatard? peanut
aoup? Ivory Jelly? date pud
ding? -ftfty-flrty- bteculta?
Tills KRKK service la for you.
It la ONLT THE FHUINNINri
There are many things the Per.
k-e Bureau may and will do for J
AfK ANT Ot E.TION. AND IT
vTIl.U HK ANltWKRED. sknd
POfl ANT AVM1.AKLE GOV.
FRNMUNT PC B LIC AT ION. AND
IT vlLL HE HE NT.
Get your War Cook Rook to
day- end yur name and ad- J
drvaa. with a I-rnt stamp foe a
return soatage. to The Portland J
Oraionias. Informatioa Bureau, a
Fred'nc J. Ilaskia. director, J
NrtherlaiadVi Allow Amrrta V of
MilprnaUdm for limited Time to
OMAHA. Feb. !L A special train
traded with HQ expert ahtpbulldera
from Holland passed, through Omaha
last night aa route to a Pacific port.
hrt they will enter tba ainploy of
auma bl shipbuilding company. Their
work will ba. In a measure, under tha
direction of tba United Etatt Govern-
According to their ftnry. tha man
war released from work In Holland
to coma to America for a certain period
Sine tha Oovemment called for
workmen for shipbuilding thra weeks
ago. mora than lie skilled artiaana
haro registered In Nebraska for that
NEW TORK. Feb. 11 Tha Oorern-
men fa appaal for aklllad and un
skilled workmen for ahlpbulldlnr mat
ready response her today. More than
tee riveters, pipe-fitters, cmrpantara
and othara volunteered within a few
hours. Aa they wera accepted the
man wera aant to yardi In Connecticut
WOMAN CONFESSES ARSON
Mra. VA Hansen. Bend, Fires. Home,
Hoping to iirt Insurance.
BEND. Or.. Feb. 11. (Special.)
After aevtral boura of grilling by the
local police official, assisted by State
Klra Marahal L II. Pomeroy. lira. Kl
Hanaan confeaaed on Saturday night
. Z S J, Z ,, .. Z
flrea In her noma which finally reaulted
in H deatructlon.
Hope or ootamina: maurance w.m
which to build a Unr houae waa Mra.
Haneen-e motlre. accordln. to Her con-
feaalon. ha waa aided In the work by
a 11-year-old brother.
Wra. Hanaen la heraelf only 1 year
old. Both aba and her brother are tol.. Laar aK the enemy forcea he-
be charged with araon.
DANES NOT HELPING HUNS
Premier Icnouncca Reports of Po-
IlUcnl Aid for Coal.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 11. Official
dtapatrhee received here today tell of
lna op,ninc f the political campaign I
In Denmark, at which the Prime Min
ister. In a notable speech, denounced
reports circulated that tha Foclai te
mooTarry tn rnmark -"had rendered po
lillral eompenaatlon to Germany' In
return far evports of coaL The Prime
Minister declared that Enziand had
been obliged te cut her exports sharply
because of tbe eulmartne warfare and
that Germany, having coal to export,
sent It to Dunmark tn payment for
MAZAMAS GATHER MOSS
Taeotna Mountain Climbers Make
Jaanta Valuable lo Hospitals.
TAO"M.. Waah F. IL 'Special.) I
Mountaineers are turning their time
to good use. Instead of taking Jaunts
as la tMeir usual wont they have gone I
eome, oiatanve irom ine city ana nave i
gathered mnaa to be used by aurgeons I
at tba Camp wa in bene, hospital. I
Forty wiembere worked In a awamp and
got out a wagonload of the moss and
took .lt to tba Armory, where they are
drying and sorting It. Tbe moat la
preferred by surgeons for hospital uae I
aa It la more absorbent.
WEEK'S CASUALTIES 7077
British Loeaee Slightly Higher Than
Thoee of Last Week.
LONDON. Pro. IL British casualties
reported In the last week are 777, dl- I
divided as foliowa:
Killed or died of wounds Officers, I
II: men. 110.
Wounded or missing Officer. IS;
This total la only slightly In excess
of last wek s figures, which. amount-
Ins;, to Hit. reached the low mark fori
HOLY LAND HOME FAVORED
IjigLaml and France Are Reported I
Agreed on Jewish Refuge.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 11. That France
and England are in agreement con
cerning tbe establishment of a national
home for the Jewish people In Pales
tine waa affirmed today by Foreign
Mlntape Ptrbon In Paris, according to
aa official dispatch.
MEXICAN GENERAL KILLED
Juaa Da nil era a. Prominent in Itevo-1
lotion. Shot In Cafe.
MEXICO CITT. Genera! Juan Ban
dera waa -shot and killed today In
downtown cafe by Colonel Miguel Per- I
Ita, General Banderas took a promi
nent part In the revolution led by Ma
de ro aad Carranaa.
POILUS TO PLAY FOOTBALL
re itch Government Order Million
Plgsklna for Army.
FATtlJ. Feb. 11. Tbe French (or.
rnmnt has ordered 1. footballs !
for tbe artnv. to be delivered within
PEACE WITH UKRAINE SIGNED
Ratified Documents Will
EASTERN GALICIA CEDED
Rada to Rewire Large German Loan
b reared by Mineral Lands, Which
Will Be Developed by
Central - Powers.
tODOX. Pre. H A Cermaa or.
iam wtrrleaa dlsaatea reeefved here
tbla erealaa; eoaflnaa dlaaatceea re.
eeired treat Aaaaierdaaa aarin the day
that alawaia baa ardered a eeaaatloa at
war aad the deeaealllaatlaa af the Ram.
tan araalea ea all freata.
By tha Aawelated Pr.ua
No formal treaty haa barn rigned
between the Rusalana and the central
DO,r. hu. th. RnUheirlk rovernment
hM ordered a ceeaatlon of hontllitiea
I aicainaL tiermanv. Anatrli-Mnr mr.
I Trk.. n..i..i. .... - .. V
dr,w., of ... troon. from tn. trenche,
and Iortifled po.utona from tha Baltic
to tne noum,nilM, frontier,
,t had for..n th.t such rn
outcome eventually would follow upon
tne revolutionary movements In Rua-
Ban the withdrawal of troops from
thla fort, leaving virtually only a hand
ful to face the Rusalana.
Reaaaaala'e Peeitlea Petileaa.
Peace having been effected both by
the Ruealana and Ukrainians with the
Teutonic allies, the aituatlon of Rou
mania becomes a most critfral onr
Cut off now from bar allies, the Rou
manians apparently are faced with tba
abeolute necessity of effecting: a sepa-
rate peace or being overrun by . supe-
rlor enemy arr-.Va.
Nothing has developed to show
whether another Roumanian Cabinet
to take tie place of the one which re
signed last week haa been formed or
whether any reply baa been made to
the oltimatum of the central powers
that peace negotlationa ahould lmme
dlately be started.
Teatoaa tier Keodslaffa.
Aa had been anticipated, the terms
f peace between the Ukraine and the
central powers contain the niuch-d
sired clnuse providing for the imme
diate entering into economic relations
bet ween the contracting part lea by
which Austria and Germany may ob
tain mucb-deetred foodsouffs,
AMSTERDAM. Feb. 11. Ru.sla has
declared the atate of war to be at an
lend and haa ordered the demobilisation
of Russian forces on all fronts, aocord-
irnneiud-d oa face C Column 1.1
Slav Fighting to
CXCLE SAM NO, KAISER. I KECKOX YOU'LL TRAVEL THE
1 a..... .... a
Rear-Admiral Wilson Orders Offl-
. cers I'ront Bulidins and Puts
Guard at Entrance.
'By the Associated Preas.)
A FRENCH SEAPORT, Jan. 7. The
exploitation . of American aoldisrs by
French hotel keepers and merchant to
which attention was first called by
the French press, has -Just culminated
here In a vigorous measure which, so
far aa thia important disembarking
point la concerned at least, has made
a great Impress. .
Tbe landlord of one of the principal
hotels, finding hia room! all taken
by American officers, appeared lo con
sider that the law of supply and de'
mand Justified In his case, a consider
able Increase In profits. The price of
rocms doubled; meals and drinks went
up in proportion.
Rear Admiral Wilsons attention hav
ing been drawn to the situation, he
waited on the -mayor who regretted
the fact but found himself unable to
interfere with the freedom of com
merce. Admiral Wilson ordered the
officera living there to move, placed
sentrlea in front of the building with
orders to keep every American soldier
away from the place. The argument
was ' decisive. The landlord begged
that the interdiction be removed, but
thus far Admiral Wilson Is obdurate
and the hotel is almoat empty.
SEIZURE OF FILES UPHELD
Court Approves lleney's Action in
CHICAGO, Feb It. The selaure of
the private files of Henry Veeder, gen
eral counsel for Swift i Co, packers.
by Francis J. Heney. representing the
Federal Trade Commission, waa upheld
today by Federal Judge Land is. The
selaure was made under the espionage
act. the validity of which was ques
tioned by Mr. Veeder.
Mr. Veeder, aa soon as the decision
was announced, filed an application for
a writ of error to take the case to the
Circuit Court of Appeals.
SEATTLE CALL IS BARRED
Socialist Publication Is Denied Cir
eolation In Canada.
OTTAWA. Ont, Feb. 11. The Seattle
Daily Call is on a new list of American
pap.rs barred from - circulating
The Seattle Call is a Socialist news
paper. Recently the plant in which It
is printed was partly wrecked by, it
was alleged, two civilians and several
THOMAS A. EDISON IS 71
Secretary Daniels Sends Inventor Con
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. Secretary
Daniels today sent the following tele
gram to Thomas A. Edison, chairman
of the Navy's civilian consulting board:
'CongratuIationa upon your birth
day. Tour friends rejoice in jour
youthful optimism and clear vision of
National needs. It has been a privilege
to be a co-worker with you."
Today Is Mr. Edison's 71st birthday.
lowari- Disqualified for
' G. 0. P. ' Chairman.
PROPAGANDA ACTS EXPOSED
Dramatic Disclosures Made at
, . Committee Meeting.
PARTY-TO BE KEPT CJ-EAN
Indications Point to Selection of
Uajs of Indiana or Dark Horse
. as Choice of National Re
6T. LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 11. (Special.)
t'ro-uerman utterancea before America
entered the war have removed John T.
Adams, of Iowa, from the race for Na
tional chairman of the G. O. P. In a
dramatic manner Senator William M.
Caldur, of New York, arose before the
executive committee this afternoon and
read tbe documents that threw the
gathering into a stir.
One waa in the form of a copy of a
letter written from Germany by Mr.
Adams after tbe war started in Europe
and printed' in a newspaper. In this
the writer described the Kaiser as a
democratic soul and condoned, the in
vasion of Belgium.
Lnaltanla SInktaa; Recalled.
Another paper presented by Mr.
Calder dated back to the period soon
after the sinking of the Lusitanla. It
was a protest against the sailing of
Americana on ships sailing under th
colors of a belligerent and against the
furnishing of munitions to the allies.
This was a form of protest which the
pro-German propaganda worked up i
that period of the war. Among the
signatures was the name of Mr. Adams.
Another protest was against the en
try of America into the war dated afte
President Wilson had indicated that
Adama Pretested Loyalty.
"Mr. Adams, who was present at the
meeting, admitted that he might have
written the letters and signed the pro
tests. He pointed out that it was be
fore America- got into the struggle. He
insisted that his Americanism was
Simon pure, that he was pro-United
States to the core r.nd that bis loyalty
is of several generations' standing.
"But," said Senator Calder, "The Re
publican party cannot afford to be un
der the slightest taint of pro-Ger
Tonight Adams ia as good as out of
the running and his name may not be
Charges Made la Letters.
The pro-uerman angle came up
through anonymous letters from Du
buque charging that Mr. Adams had
been openly pro-German in his Views
before America accepted the state of
war forced on it by the Kaiser. An
.C.ncluJrxi on Pave Column 1.)
WAY I'M POINTING.
Germans Send Out Patrols Dressed
in "White but Fail to Change
Color of Airplanes.
(By the Associated Press.)
FARIS. Jan. 8. Nature has a pecu
liar way of destroying the deceiving
effects of camouflage. The recent
heavy snows on ihe western front have
rendered valueless Immense quantities
of camouflage material with the result
that artists and workmen have had
to work overtime In order to adapt
thlr work to changed conditions.
The Germans were quick to take
advantage of the snow-covered ground
and began sending out patrols dressed
entirely In white. The French soon
penetrated through this disguise and
a number of German "show men" were
The dark brown and green colored
German airplanes seem to have been
overlooked, however. For some time
past allied airmen found it difficult
when flying at a height of several
thousand feet to distinguish these dark
colored planes as they stood on the
barren around In front of their han
gars. The snow, however, brought out
the dark colors in bold relief and the
French airmen have taken advantage
of the conditions.
ROOSEVELT NOT SO WELL
Official Bulletin Says Colonel Has
Had Slight Setback.
NEW TORK. Feb. 11. Colonel Theo
dore Roosevelt was "ot so well today.'
according to the bulletin fssued by his
private secretary tonigkt after his phy
aiclans had spent half an hour with him
at Roosevelt Hospital. It was believed,
however, that he would pass a more
restful night. -
"Colonel Roosevelt's condition has not
materially' changed since yesterday,"
said the bulletin. "There was a slight
setback during the night, and today he
was not so well, but it is expected he
will be more restful tonight."
Earlier . in the day the physicians
announced that Colonel Roosevelt had
had "a rather restful night," but his
"condition was practically the same as
EARL WITHYCOMBE BETTER
Governor's. Son Improving From At
tack of Pleurisy, Message Says.
SALEJJ, Or., " Feb. 1L (Special.).
Governor Withycombe totay recerved
telegram from Representative Mo.
Arthur at Washington stating that
Earl Withycombe, the Governor's son
is considerably improved.
The dispatch states that the young
man had an attack of pleurisy, but that
is now subsiding and his condition is
ARGENTINE STRIKE FAILING
Italians and Britons Defy Threats
. and Continue at Work.
BUENOS AIRES, Feb. 11. The rail
way strike apparently is failin
through the refusal of Italians an
Britons to quit work.
These men have declined to leave
their jobs, notwithstanding the threats
of Spanish agitators to destroy property.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 45
ueirew, iniuimum, decrees.
TODAY'S Rain; increasing southerly winds.
Russia, follo-wingr Ukraine peace treaty, de
clares irseir out ol war. Page 1.
Snow renders camouflage valueless. Page 1,
Recent Russian history succession of dra
matic war episodes. Page 2.
More survivors of Tuscania added to War
1'epartment list. Page 8.
End of present Turkish military empire is
aasurea. i ae t.
Ban placed on French hotel by United States
Admiral. Page 1.
President Wilson.- in address to Congress.
aaya war must go on until Teuton allies
.agree to righteous peace, page 1.
Senate begins debate on Administration
railroad bill. Page 2.
Railroad enginemen ask readjustment of
wage scale, page a. s'
Senate military committee bears defense of
cost plus profit system. Page 2. :
Holland sends 250 experts to Coast to speed
snipouiiaing. page l.
Pro-German past disqualifies Adams, of
Iowa, for position of Republican Na
tional Committee chairman. Page 1.
Officers of Non-Partisan League charged
with aisioyaity. Page 1.
Pacifist Senator prepares to sue social club
that expelled blm. Page Z.
War tax added to baseball admissions ex
plained by commission. Page 12.
All-star boxing card arranged for February
:o. Page l-
Kd ward c Barrow appointed manager of
Boston Americans, page 12.
Walter ItcCredie returns to Portland for
visit. Page 12.
Commercial aad Marine.
Spring wheat crop in Northwest may ba
record one. page ji.
Cora higher at Chicago on prospects of en
larged easlbound shipments. Page 17.
Sharp advance in hoga at North Portland
yards. Page 17.
Foremen of Grant Smith-Porter shipyards
entertained at luncheon. Page ltf.
Fire Marshal Grenfell named InspectoxWof
Portland shipyards. Page 14.
: Portland and Vicinity.
Money due dependents of soldiers and sallora
In Oregon fails to arrive. Page 18. ,
Suit of l.aura Mcintosh against Walter
F.osenfeld thrown out of court. -Page 18.
Portland's vacant lot garden drive under
way. Page II.
Bankers of state urged to co-operate In war
stamp campaign. Page IL
Franklin T. Griffith uraes Portland husineas
men to diversify, interests. Page 8.
R.- N. Stanfield, candidate for United
States Ser.ator. seeks long term. Page o.
Portland ewersubecribes quota of 175.000 for
Armenian relief, rage 11.
Shortage of water supply in Summer mouths
feared. Page-li. i
Weather report, data and forecast Paga 14. -
Present German Policy
Spells More War.
NOTICE SERVED ON TEUTONS
President, in Address, " Tells
Why Fight Must-Go On. ,
COUNT CZERNIN IS-FACTOR
Austria-Hungary's Spokesman Has
Clear Vision, but Hertling Is De
clared to Be Far Out of Line
With Reichstag's Views.
PRESIDENT GIVES VIEWS OF
PRIXCIPLES TO BE APPLIED
1.1 PEACE DISCISSION.
First Each part of the final
settlement must be based upon
essential justice, to bring: a per
manent peace. .
Second Peoples and provinces
are not to be bartered about like
chattels' to establish a balance
Third Territorial settlement
must be for the benenit of people
concerned and not merely ad
justment of rival states' claims.
Fourth Well-defined, national
aspirations must be accorded all
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. President
Wilson addressed Congress today to
clear the atmosphere of any contusion
resulting; from the recent speeches on
peace terms by the German Chancellor
and the Austro-Hungarian Foreign.
Minister, and to reiterate that until the
military masters of Germany are ready
to consider peace on principles of jus
tice the United States will continue the
right it is just beginning for the safety
of itself and mankind.
In the speech of Count von Hertling-.
the German Chancellor, the President
found no approach to tbe path of peace,
but rather a proposal to end the war on
German terms and to set up a league of
nations- to maintain the balance of
power so established. . -
Caernla Tone Friendly.
Count Czernln. the Austro-Hungarian
spokesman, employed a very friendly
tone, seemed to see the fundamental
elements of peace with clear eyes and
probably would have gone much far
ther if it had not been for Austria's
alliance and her dependence upon Ger
Members of Congress accepted the
address not as a peace message, but as
notice to the central powers that the
United Statea cannot be turned aside
from the object for which it is fightinp.-
and a warning to Congress aud the
American people that the task of send
ing the Nation's fighting men to the
front roust not be interfered with by
equivocal and misleading utterances of
All Party Leaders Approve.
The President was warmly received
and cheered as he' concluded, and lead--ers,
without respect to party, after
ward expressed hearty approval of hia
-The address had been prepared after
conferences during the past few days
with Colonel E. M. House, who headed
the American mission to the great in
ter-allied conference. As usual, the Pres
ident announced his coming only long
enough in advance to permit of ar
rangements for a, joint session in the
Fundamental Baals Sought.
While in official and diplomatic quar
ters today there was a disposition to let
the President's address speak for Itself ""
without interpretation, there apparent
ly was ho division of opinion on the point
that his prime object was to bring tbe
'extra official negotiations,"- as some
observers ' have termed the speech-
making of the chief statesman of the
nations at war, back to the fundamen
tal issues, the settlement of each ques
tion on principles of justice; the ces
sation of the barter of provinces and
peoples, tbe settlement of territorial
questions for the benefit of the popu
lations concerned, and finally the rec
ognition of national aspirations as a
basis of permanent peace.
Hertling Far Oat ef Tone.
Another purpose served, it was point
ed out, was to remind the German
Reichstag of the great distance that
Count Von Hertling has traveled from
its resolutions of last July regarding
self-determination of . the rights of
email nations and peoples, no annexa
tions, contributions or punitive dam
Responsive echoes among tbe German
Socialists and Liberals may In the end
bring culmative pressure to bear upon
the war lords at present controlling
the fate of Germany.
Still another object of the address, it
was said, was to serve notice in ad-
ance that any peace treaties resultin?
rom the Brest-Litovsk conferences
ould not of necessity be regarded as
binding upon America or the entente
AU laanea Mast Be Settled.
V(e cannot have general peace t""
he asking, or by the mere arrange-
(Concluded en Page 4. Column 1-i