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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOTIXIXG OEEGOXIAN, TIIUESDAT, JULY 12, 1917.
Entered at Portland (Oregon). Postofflce as
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POBTLAXD, TBTBSDAI, JLXY 13, 1817.
HOOVER KNOWS HOW.
Any doubt as to whether Herbert
C. Hoover la the man to control the
food supply of the United States dur
ing the war should be removed by the
letter to President Wilson In which
he defines the situation and the meas
ures which are needed to meet it.
While Senators and Representatives
are flying around blind as bats. Jab
bering suoh stock formulas as "Supply
and demand," "Uphold the Constitu
tion," "Irresponsible dictator" and
"Disturbance of business," Mr. Hoover
with calm, clear, logical intellect, free
from passion or prejudice, diagnoses
the case like a Ekilled physician.
Unlike many verbose Congressional
orators, Mr. Hoover sees that the war
has placed the American people In a
new position, to which none of the
rules of Judgment usually followed in
peace can be applied without grave
risk of disaster. The demand for our
products exceeds the supply, and the
exigencies of war require that we as
sure a sufficient supply not only for
ourselves but for the nations which
are fighting our battles and which
will continue to do so, at least until
we can place our full force In the
field. Military necessity demands
Quick action and removal of all the
obstacles to abundant production and
to free, cheap distribution, which
must In ordinary times be overcome
by the slow, laborious and costly op
eration of the law of supply and de
mand. The producer must be assured
a liberal price, yet the price paid by
the consumer must at least be pre
vented from rising higher, lest our
whole economic machine be thrown
out of gear. This can be accomplished
only by complete readjustment to the
conditions of war, which Involves
drastic control by the Government.
During the period of transition, much
disturbance of business is Inevitable,
but the sooner the change la made
the sooner It will be over. In refus
ing to concede the necessity, in pro
testing against disturbance of business
and against grant of dictatorial pow
ers, those members of Congress who
cause delay put the country in much
the same position as the man af
flicted' with appendicitis who delays
an operation. Through dread of nar
cotics, of the surgeon's knife and of
a stay In hospital, he delays at the
risk of death. Since the operation la
the only means of saving his life, the
sooner it is performed the sooner It
will be over, and the greater strength
he will have to endure It.
Some Congressmen question Mr.
Hoover's fitness for the task because
he has long resided abroad. His clear
understanding of the situation and of
the way to meet it prompts the sug
gestion that a term of residence in
China, Australia, England and Bel
gium, coping with such difficulties
as Mr. Hoover has overcome, would
be beneficial In fitting our statesmen
for their work. He has not been in
the United States, but he has been
where unusual situations called for
initiative, courage, resource, stern in
tegrity and firmness of purpose, and
he has made good on every occasion.
In Belgium he found a nation to be
fed, and he fed it. Seeing how he
did it, the British and French govern
ments handed over their relief funds
to him and trusted him to spend the
money wisely, asking no questions.
This is the man whom narrow-gauge
Congressmen would tie up with re
Btrlctions and limitations, lest he
abuse his power and put a collar on
some pet constituent. It would not
be amiss if he could put a collar, or
even a gag, on some Senators.
The confused state of the Congres
sional mind perhaps truly reflects the
state of the public mind, though the
comment of the average man and the
average newspaper on the delays of
Congress implies that the publio is
far ahead of Congress in reaching the
right conclusion. Men in Congress
still think in ways which are adapted
to peace conditions, but which must
be totally cast aside in times of war,
especially such a war as this. This
Nation is In the transition stage from
peace-thinking to war-thinking. All
can recall the agony which Britain
endured when making the same
transition. Mr. Hoover has gone
through it. His great work for Bel
gium trained his mind to war-thinking,
and he is that much ahead of the
rest of us in readiness to deal with our
present situation. If Congress were to
turn the Job over to Hoover with
clean slate, it would not go far wrong,
and would do much better than It is
doing in wasting precious weeks in
COLLEGES REDEEMIXO T SEMSELVES
It seems that the pessimists were
mistaken a few weeks ago in their
gloomy estimate of the patriotism of
the college student. The coyote-like
quality of the pacifist cry Its power
of making a few voices sound like a
mighty chorus in the dead watches
of the night was deceptive. Now
that the lines have been drawn and
the Issues declared, the college men
are found to be responding nobly to
very call. It has been found advis
able, indeed, to put a check upon the
enthusiasm of many of the under
graduates, and to remind them that
they would be doing a better service
to the Nation by remaining to com
plete their courses of study, and to
fit themselves for the reconstructive
duties of peace, if. happily, the war
shRll not be long-drawn out.
The propaganda of "International
ism," fostered by certain minor groups
if students, Is shown clearly not to
have been representative of the col
The memory of it has
bees. wip out by. the eager, enthu-
siastic response . of these young men
to the call to duty. Some of our
technical schools have been almost
"depopulated" by the movement. Col
lege authorities are already beginning
to consider seriously the problem of
reorganizing their classes on the basis
of a falling off In attendance next
term. Some of the institutions In
which tuition fees are important are
beginning to see financial breakers
After all, it is no more than ought
to have been expected. Higher edu
cation would have beon a failure if It
had not instilled the sense of patriotic
duty, and developed mental capacity
to understand that there are ideals
worth a sacrifice. It has not failed.
The records show that college men
are well up In the front.
Possibly there will be a revolution
ary upheaval In Germany and the
Kaiser will lose his crown. But only
possibly. Obviously, if the Kaiser
goes, junkerism goes, too, and the be
ginning of the end of Germany will
have come. If wishes were 4 2 -centimeter
guns, the war would soon be
But Germany Is not to be defeated
by mere wishes, or hopes. The coun
try is in great danger of taking for
granted the fact of Germany's ulti
mate downfall, and relaxing in its
purpose and effort to achieve that
France has gone through several
Cabinet changes, and England at least
one change, since the war began,
without altering the attitude of either
nation toward the great conflict. Why
should there be any other interpreta
tion of a similar occurrence in Ger
The stories of the Internal convul
sion- in Germany may or may not be
cunningly devised to influeno opinion
and action in the allied countries; but
the pro-Germans could arrange no
more brilliant coup of German di
plomacy. The only way to guarantee victory
against Germany is to prepare for a
mighty task, and to count not at all
on a miracle. Only the fool or the
traitor will advise any other course.
The next-week or next-month or
thls-Fall prophets belong in the cate
gory of the country's enemies.
The impartial and uncritical eye
sees in the newspaper pictures of
young George Gould and "his bride a
most prepossessing pair. The young
lady is petite and graceful, as becomes
an expert and popular dancer, which
she Is said to be, and Is otherwise
charming and wholesome, as becomes
a bride. We are quite unable to guess
what kind of a figure she would cut
In a kitchen, but perhaps that is im
material. Tet It ought to be mate
The bridegroom Is both stalwart
and handsome, as rich young men
always are In our best romances, and
he Is apparently muscular, with
good nerve and a clear eye. We hope
so, for he is said to be just 21 years
of age and therefore eligible for the
trenches. Being wealthy, with money
he did not earn, he will of course not
expect to be exempted because of de
pendent relatives, even a pretty wife.
Klngdon Gould, too, has recently
done Ills bit to get the Gould family
in the papers. He married, without
his parents' approval, a governess, for
which no doubt he ought to be com
mended not of course for the elope
ment, but for taking a partner with
out any mercenary motives. It was
perfectly grand of him to do It. We
hope they will both be happy ever
afterward. Such couples sometimes
The world is interested in the for
tunes of these young gentlemen, who
in a single week embarked on their
respective connubial adventures, with
out the consent of anybody but them
selves. It seems to augur that they
will go to work on their own account.
It will do them good.
The war has been a great leveler
abroad. It may be here.
If so, it
will not be an unmixed evil.
PREPARE FOR 1918 FOOD CROP.
Before the wheat crop of 1917 has
been harvested, Kansas Is making a
survey of its farms In preparation of
a drive to sow 10,000,000 acres next
Fall, "the largest by nearly 2,000,000
acres in the state's history," says a
New York Post correspondent. Fields
are inspected, product estimated, ele
vators and mills forewarned, and seed
provided. This is a step which could
wisely be taken by all states with re
gard to other staple crops as well as
Before the next harvest Is sown,
the new organization for stimulating
production, for directing distribution
and for regulating and limiting con
sumption should be in full working
order. It should be known to what
extent the people of various countries
are willing to use substitutes for
wheat, to economize in consumption
and to increase production. The same
information should be available as to
other food staples. Britain expects
to add 3,000,000 acres to its cultivated
area next year and to be able, at a
pinch, to live without Imports " of
food. France and Italy may not be
able to do much in that direction.
Russia under a more efficient gov
ernment and with the aid of the
United States In improving agricul
ture, should increase its production,
but any surplus she may produce will
not avail to relieve the world short
age unless military success of the
allies shall restore close communica
tion by land or sea with the Western
nations. The chief burden of feed
Ing the world may again fall on the
United States and Canada.
The effort to increase production
and to direct marketing and use of
food began too late this year to have
Its full effect. Before the next crop
Is sown and Harvested, perfect team
work should have been organized all
along the line from producer to con
sumer. We should know approxi
mately how much of each staple food
will be needed and what part each
farmer can best play In producing it.
There is slight danger of producing
too much, for if peace should sud
denly send the soldiers of Europe
back to the farm it would lift the
blockade of the central empires and
would open a' demand which could
absorb any surplus. The United
States will still play a most benefl
clent and at the same time profitable
part as the world's biggest bread
basket. What China might accomplish) if
labor-saving machinery should come
into vogue there is indicated by a
performance of the farmers of a sin
gle district in the province of Chili
last year, as related by , the North
China, Herald, Thee, farmers In, the
time they could spare from tending
their crops, wove 2,000,000 pieces of
cotton cloth by hand, the product be
ing valued at $6,000,000 in American
money, or more than one-tenth of the
Talus of the whole cotton cloth Im
ports of the country In the same year.
If the entire country were industrially
organized, it Is plain to be seen that
its output would be. enormous, and
that it could vastly Increase its own
consumption without making any
draft on the outside world.
REMEMBER TTTE MMBER.
A new duty has fallen upon every
male American of age that subjects
him, to military registration. It is
the duty of ascertaining ' his number,
and then remembering it. It Is im
portant for every man to know that
no excuse will be accepted by the
Government. If, In a few days, he is
"drawn" for service, he will be ex
pected to respond. All reasonable ef
forts will be made to Inform him of
the fact, but the burden will be upon
Absence from the city, failure to
read the newspapers, nor any other
excuse will serve. It is the first time
in the history of the country that this
situation has arisen. It Is all the
more important on that account that
every individual who is registered shall
be vigilant until he knows positively
that he has not been called.
There is reassurance for all In the
knowledge that every possible precau
tion seems to have been exercised to
eliminate all chance for politics or
favoritism In the method of selection.
The man who Is called will feel that
he has had precisely the same chance
as his neighbor. What this will mean
to the spirit of the army at the front
was Indicated by President Wilson,
who said in promulgating the regula
tions governing the draft:
Our armies at the front will be strength
ened and sustained If they be composed of
men free from any sense of injustice In the
mode of their selection, and they will be
Inspired to loftier efforts in behalf of
country in which the citizens called upon
to perform high, public functions perform
ther.t with Justice, fearlessness and Impar
The duty of knowing one's number
Illustrates the lr.exorable law. It falls
upon all alike, and the penalties for
neglect will be imposed without re
gard to the individual.
IN OTHER DAYS.
The death of Herbert Keleey, a fin
ished actor-in the lesser constellation
of stars, will call to mind the group
of artists with whom he was asso
ciated in the earlier days. Who that
lived In Portland a quarter of a cen
tury ago will fail to recall the Lyceum
company of Daniel Frohman, in a
memorable engagement at "the new
and beautiful Marquam Theater? In
deed, there were several successive
appearances of the Lyceum organ
ization, which included such names as
Georgia Cayvan, Effie Shannon, Hen
rietta Crosman, Mr. and Mrs. Charles
D. Wolcott, 'Mrs. Thomas Whiffen,
Nelson Wheatcroft, Fritz Williams, E.
J. Ratcliffe,.W. J.'LeMoyne and Her
bert Kelcey. Their repertoire had
such famous plays as "The Charity
Ball," "The Wife," "The Amazons,"
and others of the dramatic successes
of the '90s, from the pens of a new
generation of playwrights.
The public taste had palled with
the melodramas of the post-bellum
period, and it welcomed realistic
dramas and refined comedies that
then first made their premieres in
America.. But more than the vehicles
which they brought with them, or
brought them whichever It was the
theater-going world of the Pacific
Coast was highly interested in the
annual visits of the Lyceum players.
Herbert Kelcey was the leading
man not a star In the old-fashioned
sense of the word but the principal
male figure In every production, and
he played opposite to the gracious
and very popular, but not beautiful.
The clearest impression, after many
years, is of the thorough competence
of the entire cast. The inquiry nat
urally arises as to why there are no
such companies nowadays on the
road, or anywhere? Not long ago a
well-balanced group of actors came
to Portland In a farce comedy of only
mediocre merit, but It was so far su
perior to the average traveling aggre
gation that It took Its place among
the most refreshing of the theatrical
offerings in a long time. Tet it was
no such company as the old Lyceum,
or the Palmer players, or others of
twenty and thirty years ago. Can tt
be that the reason for the decline of
stagecraft is that ' there are no such
actors? Or is it true that we have
too highly exalted the past at the ex
pense of the present? Perhaps; but
it Is not easy to accept that view.
The late William Winter, the dra
matic critic, found It necessary on
occasion to defend himself from the
charge that he too constantly held up
old traditions and practices, and the
older actors, at the expense of the
current drama and Its participants.
In "Vagrant Memories" he had this
I have no sympafhy with any form of
bigotry, and especially I repudiate the big
otry that would unduly extol the past In
order, by Invidious comparison, to depreciate
and disparage the present. Nevertheless,
when 1 contemplate the condition of the
contemporary stage a condition which I
know to be in soma respects degraded and
deplorable, but which I believe to be tem
porary 1 am Impelled to cling, with a
tenacity which I cannot deem unreasonable,
to my stanch preference for that older and
better school of acting in which Impersona
tion end elocution were equally cultivated
and exemplified, and for that affectionate,
romantic popular feeling relative to the stage
which once was widely diffused, but which
is dormant now.
One cannot think of Herbert Kelcey
or Georgia Cayvan In the same play
with the Al Jolsons and Eddie Foys
and Raymond Hitchcocks of the con
temporary stage. Tet the fashion is
to devise a musical and vaudeville
melange which passes for a play with
the notion that popular taste demands
it. Certain It is that the crowds re
spond. Doubtless the theatrical man
agers know their business. But they
knew it also in the past generation.
Representative Mann has given new
proof of his unfitness to lead the Re
publican party by helping to pull the
teeth of the bill to prevent trading
with the enemy, and he has an able
lieutenant in Representative Gard.
Mr. Mann at one time favored prac
tical surrender to Germany by con
demning those citizens who exercise
their undoubted right to travel by
sea, and was a vociferous member of
the keep-us-out-of-war party. Mr.
Gard was a champion of Representa
tive Buchanan, who helped German
agents in forming a sham labor or
ganization, the real purpose of which
was to tie up munition factories with
strikes. They are more careful "of the
right of persons in this country "to
communicate innocently" with rela
tives in, .Germany than they are of the
protection of the United States against
spies. The experience of the allies
has shown that these so-called inno
cent communications are the chosen
medium of spies. .
WOMEN IN RAILROAD WORK.
That women are already qualifying
to take the places of men in depart
ments of railroad work not heretofore
regarded as open to them is shown by
recital of recent experiences of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad made in a
magazine published by the employes
of that company. In the shops and
yards at one terminal point twenty
one women are now employed, one of
whom has won promotion to the posi
tion of foreman by sheer merit. Wom
en are doing a variety of work, from
picking up scrap to running drill
presses. Another is a crossing guard.
It Is true that the man she released
from this service was exempt from
military service because of physical
disability, but he in turn has relieved
another man who enlisted. The work
of these women has a direct bearing
upon the industry of the country as
affected by the war.
On this road alone women are now
doing shop work at eight places and
are serving as flagwomen on half a
dozen divisions. The magazine says
that one flagwoman Is known to pow
der her nose before each train is due.
but even if this is true it does not, it
will be generally conceded, detract
from her efficiency. Other women are
cleaning engines and cars and work
ing as oilers. In every instance they
have volunteered for the duty, and
nearly all of them vfew it bb "doing
their bit" in helping to win the war.
It is interesting to note that Amer
ican women who are doing shop work
have manifested no hostility toward
the wearing of overalls, which have
been accepted by the women of some
European countries with extreme re
serve. The obvious danger of wearing
skirts in proximity to machinery is
realized by them, and their dominat
ing trait of common sense has done
the rest. Conditions on this railroad
are typical of others. There is no
doubt that the field of women's em
ployment is being greatly widened, and
will continue to expand If the war is
prolonged, and there Is inspiration lrr
the spirit in which these new oppor
tunities for service afe being grasped
It shows that the women at home are
I patriots no less than the men who are
enlisting ior service aoroaa.
"Business as usual." so far as the
aggregate of new enterprises Is con
cerned, is indicated by the returns
for the month of June, when the
grand total of new companies lncor
porated with capital stock of $100,
000 or ' more was $423,224,000, as
compared with $327,871,000 In June
a year ago and $230,859,000 in June,
1915. The figures show not only that
Industry is not suffering as a result
of the war, but that optimism, which
Is highly Important to the success of
new enterprises. Is generally preva
lent. These Incorporations for the
greater part do not represent war or
ganizations, but are widely varied.
They reflect a not inconsiderable
amount of organization for after-war
activities and for the extension of for
eign trade. The one thing needful to
produce prosperity Is confidence In
the future, and this Is reflected in the
The best cure for the I. W. W. com
plaint is hard work within easy range
of a soldier's rifle. The agitators
should not be run out of town to re
peat their offense In the next town.
They should be run In, not out into
a camp where they will use the mus
cles of their arms and backs and will
rest those of their jaws.
Women are better than men, take
them all around and by and large.
One who has discovered she "owns1
two husbands through mistake of di
vorce of the first, promptly sues to
straighten the record. A man in that
predicament would, if he could.
The allies are much obliged to the
German strategists for their decision
not to begin an offensive right away,
And meanwhile no pains will be
spared In the effort to make such a
move Impossible later on.
The Portland boy who was killed
when his motorcycle collided with an
electric train In Albany Is said to have
been riding at a high rate of speed.
Tet his fate will not be a warning to
It is important to bear in mind that
food saved by the rich man Is saved
just as much as if he were poor. Cull-
nary economy in a war year has no
relation to the ability of the consumer
The Czar's subscription to the "loan
of freedom" will be welcomed, of
course. And by the time he realizes
what freedom really means he will
be ready to double the amount-
Pulling off a Roundup In this city
will not interfere with the annual
great event at Pendleton. The man
who sees It here merely whets his
Old fire horses should be well
qualified for war service. They
should be Indifferent to artillery fire,
which would rattle a quiet old plow
Unnecessary deliveries might be
eliminated If the store people tied the
packages with dainty ribbon and gavi
them a shot of the newest scent.
It was bad enough for New Tork
to put the free lunch under the ban,
but positively cruel to cut down the
size of the large glass of beer.
How these educators can find time
for business with the multitude of at
tractions to be seen is something only
a school person can Bolve. .
With only ninety-three Oregonlan
to be drafted, the man who gets con-
scrlptive selection will be the rare
The color of the tie makes llttl
difference today. Green and orange
are both British while the war is on.
There is still an opportunity for the
volunteers to reduce to zero Oregon
quota under the draft.
The British airmen are doing some
thing to atone for the disaster at
Arizona is not fooling with the
W. W. It's a case of get out an
Bar silver is up to 80 cents, and the
"Cross: of. Gold" Is mighty mum,
Stars and Starmakers.
By Leone Cass Bser.
A MBIGTJITY note.
ZA "Dollle Millar, of Jessie and
- Iollle Millar, was operated on for
nasal complaint in the West."
This is a brother to a line in a the-
trioal exchange to the effect that an
ctor, the Inevitable Innocent by
stander, "was shot in the melee."
Theatrical sheets are devoting col
umns of each issue to lists of men in
the service and a bit about their stags
career. Among others I note that Mike
Donaldson, occasionally a professional.
ut generally known throughout vaude
ville, where he once appeared, with the
late Stanley Ketchell, enlisted this
week In the Sixty-Ninth Regiment of
New Tork. " Donaldson is a personal
friend of President Wilson and is in
timately acquainted with General Per
shing. He will be boxing Instructor of
the regiment with which he sails
John W. Lott, former leading man
for Catherine Countlss and Amelia
Bingham, has enlisted at Philadelphia
in the Medical Reserve Corps.
Over 60 English aotors presented
themselves at headquarters In Lower
Broadway, New York, last "week for
examination to prove their physical fit-
ess for service In the English army.
R. D. Sinclair, Harry Travers, Frank
Woods, Carlton Kent, John M. Traugh-
on, Charles Wellesley, Edgar Wedd,
Qalway Herbert, Edward Taylor, Cos
mo Bellow, E. F. Chester and others
were among the number. All were
pronounced physically fit and Imme
diately enrolled. except John M.
Traughton, Qalway Herbert and Ed
ward Taylor, who were rejected for
physical unfitness. The others left for
Toronto last Monday.
Harry Jean Hornlck, recently with
the late Sir Herbert Tree's company,
has enlisted over here with a bas-3 hos
pital unit and will sail shortly for the
Percy Grainger, the noted pianist.
has enlisted in the Army and is a mem
ber of the band at Fort Hamilton.
Paul Gordon, who has visited us
often in vaudeville and who was en
gaged with Henry W. Savage for next
eason, has obtained a commission at
Plattsburg, N. Y.
James K. Hackett has retired to his
Summer home, "Zenda," at Clayton, N.
(Thousand Islands). His leisure will
be employed In the completion of sev-
ral musical compositions, one of which.
a National anthem, his praise agent
says Is destined to create a sensation.
Mrs. James K. Hackett, who Is Beat
rice Bockley professionally, has Just
closed an engagement In "The Knife,"
Eugene Walters' newest play. August
27 Is the date set for the reopening of
this production, and a tour to this
Coast is 'planned for September.
Elsie Janls ts going to London next
month to head a musical review. This
week she Is headlining in vaudeville
at the Palace, New York.
Maude Allan applied last week in
Los Angeles for passports to go to
France as a Red Cross nurse. She has
a home in London, which she has given
for use as a hospital.
More about Mrs. Francis White Fay.
At least she Is privately Mrs. Fay
until the court decrees otherwise. Her
life seems to be Just one grand adver
tisement after another. At present
her erstwhile husband. Frank Fay. be
lieves that the loss of the lady's af
fections are worth $2S,000 to him and
that is what be Is asking the courts to
award him in an action which he has
started against William Rock, Miss
White's professional partner, who
brought the little comedienne from the
Pacific Coast with him about a year
ago. In his complaint Fay alleges
Rock alienated the affections of Fran
ces within two months after she and
Fay were wedded April 12 In Phlladel
phla and that since he and his wife had
A few weeks ago, when the newly-
weds first separated, Frank Fay rushed
interviewishly Into print to say that
it had cost him $3800 to be known as
Frances White's husband." Miss White
retaliated by saying she Is out $1800
cash and has accumulated a lot of
debts "just for a honeymoon that
wasn't a honeymoon." It Is rumored
Mrs. Fay has started an action for ab
solute divorce and has named a vaude
ville woman as the co-respondent. It's
really a pretty mess.
Rock and White just now are appear
ing with Raymond Hitchcock in
Renee Kelly, who came to us first
as Judy in "Daddy Long Legs," is to
be Reading woman next season in a
London company, with Charles Hawtrey
and Gilbert Miller, in a new play by
Muriel Worth had method In her sec
ond divorcing of Lew Brice, from whom
she secured release a week ago. Two
days later she married Dutch Leonard,
pitcher for the Boston Red Sox.
Eleanor Painter has arrived in Los
Angeles, where she will soon begin re
hearsals for Oliver Morosco's produc
tion of Chester Bailey Fernald's four-
act comedy, "The Pursuit of Pamela,'
which will be staged under the dlreo
tlon of J. Clifford Brooke. Norman
Trevor will be Miss Painter's leading
man In this play.
Lauder is blossoming forth, as an au
thor. He Is writing some of his logio
into book form, which will shortly be
published under the title, "Harry Lau
der's Logic" Reviews say that "some
of It Is of light trend, while sometimes
the loglo becomes quite difficult." Dif
flcult Is good. I'll bet it Is, too.
Announcement is mane of the en
gagement of Margery Maude, actress,
daughter of Cyril Maude, to Joseph W.
Burden, of New low city, ihe mar
riage will take place In a few days.
Miss Maude has decided definitely to
retire from stage work.
Fashions Mast Help Reforn.
PORTLAND, July 11. (To the Edi
tor.) I read in The Oregonlan a few
days ago a letter dt a. b. Monroe on
"The Modern Conception of Legs." Th
writer says we are past the time when
a woman's legs are a sex attraction. If
we are. women are trying to go back to
the former time, for many women take
a delight In Bhowlng a large expanse
of their body for the benefit of the low
If we are to be entirely rid of such
I things, fashion must help.
UNIONS ARE NOT WITH L. W. W.l
Knlljchteard Labor Mem Reseat Insinua
tion as Cruel and Unjust.
PORTLAND, July 9. (To the Edi
tor.) A communication published in
The Oregonlan of this date, "An L W.
W. Sacrilege," signed by Joseph N.
Blair, Is as untrue as it Is vicious and
libelous. Insofar as It relates to labor
In his communication your corres
pondent submits a verse said to be
taken from a book of L W. W. Hymns.
He remarks that this verse "shows
what the people of the United States
have to contend with in the L W. W.
as a menace to the decent, liberty-lov
ing citizens of this country." As to this
statement 1 have no fault to find. It Is
undoubtedly true. But. following this,
the gentleman says:
"The surprising thing is that the
labor union members will sustain them
(the L W. W.) because they are against
With this statement I have every
fault to find, for it is untrue in every
sense, In every particular, and the im
pression it would convey is vicious,
damnable and cruelly unjust.
Allow me to ask, what class of citi
zens are more "liberty-loving" than
these members of labor unions who
have sacrificed much and suffered many
hardships that the working class might
be free from the chains of oppression
forged by unscrupulous employers who
would enslave mankind (at the expense
f a contented, happy people), those
employers who are actuated only by
greed and love of money power?
One line quoted by your correspond
ent: "Folks who do not Bpeak your
tongue deserve the curse of God." I
would inform the gentleman that many
subordinate unions, affiliated with
English-speaking international unions.
speak foreign tongues and have no
quarrel with those who speak other
languages, but work harmoniously to
gether for the common good of all.
Quoting further: "Smash the doors of
every home, pretty maiden seize; use
your might and sacred right to treat
her as you please."
Does your correspondent really be
lieve union members would sustain
uch a principle? Is the man a blat-
tant fool, an idiot, or does he simply
mean to be insultingly unjust?
It Is due directly to the efforri of
labor unions that women and children
ave been largely taken from the work
shop and factory, the sweat-shop and
the great mills. It Is due, directly to
the efforts of labor union members
that the hours of tolling women and
children have been shortened and their
It is due to these same members of
labor unions that laws have been
passed which forbid employment of
children of school age during school
hours." and providing for their educa
tion that we may have a better citizen
ship and happier, better homes.
We have In the Army and Navy today
thousands of members of labor unions,
offering their lives as a sacrifice
for liberty and for the homes of our
country. The greatest effort made by
labor unions has been for the up
building of our homes, for the pro
tection of our women and children. We
are not home despollers, but home
builders, home owners and home pro
It is due to the efforts of labor
unions that women of the various
unions receive the same pay as do the
"Liberty-loving?" Allow me to In
form your correspondent that one union
(the Typographical Union and its
subordinates have taken more than
$100,000 of liberty bonds, and other or
ganizations are no less patriotic Also
that these bonds were taken by the or
ganization as a body, besides thousands
taken by members individually.
Labor unions are not "aeainst canl-
tal." Men who have sufficient gray
matter to organize a union realize that
capital Is necessary. Without capital
employment would cease. Their agree
merits, controversies and dealings are
with capital, of necessity, but they are
working hand-ln-glove with capital.
as a whole, to make this the srreatest
industrial country of the world: a coun
try of contentment, plenty, enlighten
ment, freedom. Justice, liberty, happy
nomes; a country of the greatest finan
ciers and most skilled workmen in the
Finally, I would inform your corre
spondent that the principles of union
labor and those of the L W. W. are as
antagonistic as Is oil and water. The
constitution and by-laws of the various
labor unions are open to all to read
and perhaps If the gentleman would
avail himself of the privilege, he might
never again make as unjust and insult
ing a statement as that In his commu
nication referred to, if he wishes to be
classed as a "decent, liberty-loving
I wish to reiterate that members of
labor unions do not sustain the L W.
W. In any manner or sense whatsoever.
EDGAR W. STAHL,
MORE 'WAR SLOGANS" OFFERED
Writers Suggest Cries for Inspiration
of Men In France.
ROSEBTJRG, Or, July 10. (To the
Editor.) J would suggest as a "war
slogan" for our soldiers the following:
Now Is the time to holler and shout,
Sammies, fan the Kaiser out.
Boys, make It a double-header-Uncle
Sam and world-democracy.
See now the Sammies In their pace
To rush the tyrants off their base.
"Tep," our Woodrow. made reply, '
'I'll send the Yanks to get the guy."
To- do and die for Uncle Sam.
Bahl Rah! Rah! Kail AmeriCKnl
ILWACO, Wash., July 10. (To the
Editor.) I respectfully submit the
following war slogans:
"Trim the Kaiser."
Or, if you will, make it one:
"Deliver Frits and trim the Kaiser.'
PORTLAND, July 10. (To the Ed
ltor.) I submit ,the following war slo
gan for your consideration:
The Juggernaut came rolling-.
Steered by Kaiser Bill.
Our Uncle Sam got in the way;
Now It's headed up the hill.
ANNA J. REINHARDT.
PENDLETON, Or., July 10. (To the
Editor.) War slogan: "On to victory.
On! On! On!"
WILLIAM N. FRAKER.
PORTLAND, July 10. (To the Ed
itor.) Herewith find a war slogan:
The battlecry of United States Nation.
Democraoy. the world's salvation.
From pole to pole
Each nation to behold
Their own, their country dear.
To live In peace, and not la fear.
Enjoying blessed liberty,
A nation-wide democracy.
PORTLAND, July 11. (To the Edl
tor.) Herewith a war slogan:
No more Kaiser.
"We've grown wiser.
And another that has Just occurred
Listen, Bill, to our little lay:
Our sword is drawn.
The scabbard thrown away.
J. G. TATE.
speech of Impassioned Youth.
"I erovel here before you in th
dust!" observed the impassioned youth.
as he sank on the parlor floor.
"I don't know what you mean by
dust." replied she coldly, "I look afte
this room most carefully myself every
Concerning Some Substitutes.
By Christine Terbune Ilenricfc. of the
4 (rPHB reason I hate food economy Is
A. because the substitutes given
you are not good to at!" I heard a
woman say the other day, when the
ever-present toplo of food-saving was
And as I heard her remark I
dered what sorts of food she
familiar with if she condemned so un
reservedly the many comparatively in
expensive articles of diet we can pnt
on our tables now.
I grant that we must be either mil
lionaires or unpatrlotia or both to live
upon choice cuts of meat, rich desserts
and unlimited hot bread at this period.
But that person must have a very re
stricted field of dietary who does not
find a variety even when these are
banished from her board.
Let us look at the ordinary dinner ,
blll-of-fare for a moment. Suppose
we begin with soup. The expensive
clear soups are taboo on most .tables,
unless they are made like the Krwcn
bouillon and the bouilli or meat used
to make the soup also utilized and
even then they are rather beyond the
purse or the Inclination of most of us.
But Is their departure a real loss to
our palate? Are we not as well fed
with purees of different kinds, with
the boundless number of vegetable
sours, either clear or cream, with soups
that have a fish or a milk foundation
as with the consomme of any order?
Of course the meat course Is the crux
of the situation for most persons. I
grant that there are a few persons who
decline any cuts of meat save those
that are tender enough to be roasted
or broiled, but even before the late
tringency I fancy there were not
many who could Indulge this prefer-
nce. Most of us have had to depend
pon the less expensive portions and
tried to make up by care In cookery
nd seasoning for the defects In flavor
and juices. If nutriment is any object
it is well to recollect that some of the
leces of meat richest in nourishing
ualitles come from the less costly sec
tions of the anlr.ial.
As a matter of course all meat 1e
ear now, but I venture to believe that
those who think no meal is complete
without it lack a certain hind of edu
cation in gastronomy. If meat sub
stitutes are despised It Is usually be
cause those who have cooked them
ave not understood how to compound
and season them. Fish of all kinds
should have an honored post on the
table meat has evacuated; .vegetables.
specially In this season, should be
plentifully employed and combined
with a little meat, to give savorlness.
or with cheese, or with eggs or served
In salads. We have not begun to com
prehend what can be done with vege
tables or to learn how easily we can
become accustomed to a drfch of these
of cheese fondu or cheese souffle
or cheese pudding, or cheese sand
wiches or any one of half a dozen
reparations in which cheese is served
as a flavoring and a nutriment, instead
f the inevitable roast, boiled, stewed,
roiled or fried animal food.
I wish all of us could lay aside our
prejudices and make an essay in this
unfamiliar field before we utter a
decisive Judgment as to the short
comings of such meat substitutes.
When we arrive at the sweets there
is another station at which we can
offer a plea as to the excellence of the
less costly kinds. vVith ripe fruit,
either fresh or stewed, in abundance,
as it should be for months to come, the
question of desserts seems one of minor
importance. Yet even here we can
offer trifles, custards, "floats," blanc
manges, jellies, delicate puddings and
puffs which are no whit Inferior in
taste to heavy, rich sweets, such as
pies and tarts and are far more whole
some. Their good qualities ought to
offset, even with critics, the fact that
they cost less than the substantial com
pounds I depreciate. I incline to fancy
that those who Include all Inexpensive
sweets along with meat substitutes In
one sweeping condemnation lack ex
perience of what can be done with
good will, good appetite, good skill and
It would be interesting to give tee
experiment a fair trial.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From The Oregonlan. July 12, 1892.
The long-looked-for removal of Chief
of Police Parrish from the head of the
police department has come at last
Captain E. W. Spencer was elected yes
terday. Captain Watson was removed
and Ben L Norden was named to suc
London. July 11. William Waldorf
Astor, head of the New York Astor fam
ily, died here today.
Kate Castleton. the well-known sou-
brette, last seen In Portland with the
Dazzler Company last season, is report
ed dead in Providence, R. L A number
of years ago she created a sensation
with the song "ror liooanesa baae
Don't Say I Told You So."
Miss Henrietta Baum, a graduate of
the June class of Portland High School.
Is spending her Summer vacation at
Thousands of people yesterday viewed
the ruins of the big fire that swept the
entire block bounded by Washington,
Stark, Sixth and Seventh streets.
Half a Century Acs,
(Prom The Oregonlan July 12, 1867.)
Chicago. The eight-hour law of Wis
consin took effect July 4. Workmen
made no attempt to enforce its pro
visions or to change hours of labor.
Great numbers of cattle are being
driven out of the Willamette Valley
by way of Foster's and the Barlow
road. Mr. McLaughlin, of Yamhill
County, started a day or two ago with
S. D. Smith, the gentlemanly land-'
lord of the Western Hotel, received a
package yesterday about the size of
a brickbat and with a speclfio grav
ity suggesting visions of Poor wan.
"Comstock." "White Bull" etc Sam
promptly paid $50 express charges and
later found the package was an order
for rooms and dinner for four.
The Pall Mall Gazette recently con
tained the following:
"It would be too much to say that
these powers (America nd Russia) in
tend to divide the world between them
by and by, but there does undoubtedly
exist an Idea a belief not yet so sure
as to be permitted to speaa. out mat
this is their destiny; ana what is
more there is In both a constant rax
reachlng, determined effort to that
Work of Army Medical Corps.
INDEPENDENCE. Or.. July 9. (To
the Editor.) Please explain the work
of the Medical Department of the
United States Army. Wherein does It
differ from the Red Cross on the field
of battle? , A. W.
The medical department of the Army
Is charged with general supervision of
the health of the soldiers, at home as
well as in foreign service, and wltn
their care in base hospitals, eta. TJ
Red Cross organization, by reason off
Its recognised position In international
law, alone enjoys certain immunities on
the svetual battlefield,