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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. L.VII- NO. 17,670.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY. JULY 11, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
RULING ON APPLE III. C K 1FI FRATFS
aq rnnn iq cminuT L n ULLLUHILu
CROP IS PROBLEM
I.W. W. CAUSE REIGN
OF TERROR IN IDAHO
KEY TO CAPITAL OF
ANXIETY PSYCHOSIS :
nsj i jju iu uuuuii i . .
IS GIVEH BELGIANS
2 000 TROOPS SEEDED NOW TO
NEW WAR DISEASE SEXDS MEN
TO ASYLUMS. - ,
FRCITMEX WILL SEND REPRE
SENTATIVE TO AVASHIXGTOX.
Hoover Reports Condi
tions to President.
EARLY LEGISLATION WANTED
Farmer Faces Slump in Price
. Due to Lack of Shipping.
MIDDLEMAN TAKES PROFIT
Actual "Under-Xourlshment" Said
to Exist in American Cities, Due
to Price Asked by Speculators
Xor Products They Hold.
WASHINGTON. July 10. A report on
the- food situation prepared for Presi
dent Wilson by Herbert Hoover, hold-Ins-
that both the farmer and the con
suming public are suffering while food
speculators make unearned profits
from the delay in enactment of food
control legislation, was given out to
night at the White House.
Unless strong and efficient Govern
ment action Is Immediately taken, the
food administrator reported, the farm
ers will face a slump in prices and con
sumers will be caught in a situation
even more serious than that which al
ready i3 resulting In "actual under
nourishment" in the great consuming
centers. . The speculator. It Is declared,
is taking a. large part of the prices
now paid by consumers.
Delay Harms Nation.
"We are practically helpless to safe
guard either the farmer or the con
sumer," concludes Mr. Hoover, "until
the pending legislation Is passed."
The report, in the form of a letter
to the President, was issued through
the public Information committee, with
the statement that publicity was given
it "in order that the country may know
how serious and far-reaching the con-
sequences may be, both to the farmers
-of the country and to the consumers,
of the present delays in passing the
pending food legislation."
No comment by the President accom
panied the report, although he has more
than once demonstrated his impatience
over the repeated delays In Congress
which have kept the entire food con
trol programme in a state of uncer
tainty for weeks. Mr. Hoover's letter
Efforts Have Effect on Supply.
'Dear Mr. President: In response to
your request, I send you herewith the
following notes, compiled by myself
and associates, upon the present situa
tion with regard to wheat:
"I. The 1917 harvest promises to yield
678,000.000 bushels. The normal Inter
nal consumption and seed requirements
isssumuB a carry-over of same
volume in 1918 as in 1917) amounts to
about 600.000.000 bushels, thus leaving
a theoretical export balance of 78,000,-
000 bushels. The conservation measures
are already having a marked effect
and it is not too much to hope that
the National saving may be 80.000.000
to 100,000.000 bushels, and therefore the
export balance increased to, say, 158,
000,000 to 180,000.000 bushels.
Producer Gain. Xothlnar
"2. The experience this year in the
rampant speculation, extortionate prof
Its and the prospect of even narrower
supplies than 1916 harvest and carry
over must cause the deepest anxiety.
No better proof of the hardship worked
on our people during the past year
needs be adduced than the recitation
of the fact that the producer received
an average of $1.51 per bushel for the
1916 wheat harvest: yet wheat has
been as high as $3.25 at Chicago and
the price of flour has been from time
to time based on this speculative price
of wheat, so that through on evil cause
or another the consumer has suffered
from 50 to 100 per cent, and the pro
ducer gained nothing.
"After much study and Investigation
It is evident that this unbearable in
crease in the margin between producer
and consumer Is due not only to rank
speculation, but more largely to the
wide margin of profit demanded by
every link in the chain to insure them
from the great hazards of trade In the
widely fluctuating and dangerous price
situation during a year when all nor
mal stabilization has been Jost through
the interruption of world trade and
Evil Must Be Anticipated.
"All these factors render it vitally
necessary to Initiate systematic
measures which will absolutely elim
nate all possibility of speculation, curb
extortionate profits and effect proper
distribution and restriction on exports
to a point within our own protection.
These measures cannot be accom
plished by punitive prosecutions of
evil-doers, but only by proper and
anticipatory organization and regula
tion all along the distribution chain.
"3. Inuring recent months the
allied governments have consolidated
their buying into one hand in order
that they might relieve the burden of
speculation from their own consumers
and as the restricted exports to
neutrals are but a minor item, the ex
port price, if not controlled, is sub
ject to the will of the allied buyer, so
that in a great measure the American
rvoducer Is left to that buyer's judg
ment and is without voice.
"Furthermore, In normal clrcum
1 Concluded oa Page o. Column i
Citizens In All Sections Must Or
ganize to Protect Property,
Says Defense Council.
BOISE, Idaho, July 10. "A reign of
terror has struck Northern Idaho. Life
and property are being held in the bal
ance. I. W. W. are spreading all over
the state. It is time for all sections
of Idaho, both north and south, to form
citizen bodies for the protection of
their life and property.
"Two thousand troopB are needed to
day in Northern Idaho to cope with the
gigantic fight being put up by the I.
W. W. to prevent the United States
from getting 2,000,000,000 feet of lum
ber necessary to carry on. its war pro
gramme." This was the gist of the recommenda
tions made by the state defense coun
cil in its report to the Secretary of
War, according to a statement made
here tonight by ex-Governor Frank R.
Gooding, member of the board, who ar
rived from Coeur d'Alene.
Throughout the hearings In the
north, Mr. Gooding stated. Governor
Alexander refused to sanction the call
for United States troops and insisted
that the local authorities were able to
handle the situation.
"Sheriffs assured us repeatedly," he
said, "that the situation had passed be
yond their control."
D0W V. WALKER CAPTAIN
Commission Awarded to Multnomah
Dow V. Walker, superintendent of the
Multnomah Amateur Athletic Club, has
received a commission as captain in
the administrative section of the Quar
termaster Corps. Officers' Reserve
Corps, U. S. A. He is expecting orders
to report for active service within the
Mr. Walker is a graduate of Oregon
Agricultural College, and while there
was Captain and Quartermaster of the
Cadet Corps. He has also had several
years" experience in railroad w"ork,
which equipped him for performing
the special work required in the Quar
WOMAN HOLDS MAN'S JOB
Position of Messenger at City Hall
Ability of women to take the places
of men In various kinds of service has
been proved in the case of the position
of City Hall messenger. A middle
aged woman has taken the position,
formerly held by a young man, and
is making good.
The city has had all kinds of trou
ble keeping young men owing to enlist
ments and the offers of higher salaries
by outside concerns. Accordingly the
woman solution was decided on and
ha3 been found satisfactory.
AUCTION RETURNS GOOD
Horses Average $120 and Unusual
Prices Received for Junk.
Ten horses of no further use to the
city were auctioned yesterday at an
average price of J120. The city got
$1200 for the lot. The lowest price for
any one horse was 976 and the highest
At a second auction yesterday after
noon a large supply of junk and old
equipment was disposed of. The prices
received were unusual. Goth sales were
well attended. Among other things
sold were 3350 grain sacks for $234.50,
a price of 7 cents a sack. -
AVIATOR FALLS INTO BAY
Climbing . Out on Wing
SAX DIEGO, July 10. Lieutenant D.
C. Emmons, of the North Island Signal
Corps Aviation School, fell 50 feet in
birr Martin seaplane into the waters
of ian Diego Bay today, when his
machine went into a sudden side slip.
The aviator quickly unstrapped him
self from his seat and climbed .out
on the wings of the machine, from
which he was rescued by sailors from
United States war craft, anchored a
few feet away. Lieutenant Emmons
was not hurt.
FISHERMENG0 ON STRIKE
Work Stopped by 185 at Height of
Better Than Average Season.
MARSHFIELD. Or.. July 10. (Spe
cial.) A telephone message late today
from Rogue River said all the fisher
men at Wedderbum and Gold Beach
were on strike, but gave no reasons for
One hundred and eighty-five men are
said to be involved and the season is
almost at Its best. The Macleay and
one other cannery are on Rogue River
and the pack has been above the
ROOT MISSION ENDS TASK
Americans Will Return Soon From
WASHINGTON. July 10. America's
commission to Russia, headed by Elihu
Root, virtually has completed its work
in the new democracy, and soon will
start for home.
Administration officials expressed the
greatest satisfaction today over what
has been accomplished by the mission.
Line Is Cut by Russian
Advance of 16 Miles.
AUSTRIAN ARMY IS ROUTED
German and Allied Forces
Separated by Victory.
14,000 CAPTURED IN WEEK
General Kornilof f's Cavalry Opens
Way and Force Advances for
Seven Miles West of Stanislau.
55 Guns Also Taken.
LONDON, July 11. Halicz. the
strategic key to Lemberg, capital of
Galicia, has been captured by the Rus
sians, says a dispatch from Reuter's
Halicz, 65 mtles southeast of Lem
berg, on the Dniester River, Is an im
portant railroad Junction and the most
important key to the Galiclan capital.
It is 18 miles north of Stanislau and
about eight miles north of Jezupol,
captured by the Russians under General
Korniloff on Sunday.
The fall of Halicz was presaged by
the success of the Russians In breaking
the Austro-German line between that
town and Stanislau, and In driving the
Austro-Germans to the Lomnica River,
which enters the Dniester a short dis
tance above Halicz.
Stanislau Captured In August.
Halicz was the center of much heavy
fighting last August and September,
and the Russians had captured Buko-
wina and were attempting to reach
Stanislau was captured by the Rus
slans in August, but they failed to take
Halicz after engaging in furious battles
at ' Mariampol and Monasterzyska and
forcing the Austro-Germans to retire
between the Zlota-LIpa and the Ernies
ter. In September Halicz was bom
barded by-the Russian artillery, but at
tempts to storm the town were unsuc
The fall of Halicz probably will mean
that the Austro-Germans must retire
from the present line along the Zlota
Lipa from northeast of Halicz through
Brzezany and Zlochoff to Brody in or
der to protect Lemberg.
Gnlla-Llpa la Next Line.
The next line in the rear of the Zlota-
LIpa is the Gnila-Llpa.
PETROGRAD, July 10. General
Kornlloffs operations in Galicia along
a front of 20 miles have broken the
Austro-German front between Halicz
and the Carpathians and already the
Russian cavalry has pressed forward
for a distance of 16 miles.
To the west of the Dneister, as a result
of the western forward movement, Ha
licz has been hemmed In from the
south and southwest, and the Russians
now are menacing the Halicz bridge
Prom July 2 to 8. Inclusive, General
(Concluded on Page 1!, Column 3.)
J - ) I
Attacks Confined More to United
' States Than to Countries of
Long Military Training.
CHICAGO, July 10. (Special.). Anx
iety psychosis has made its appearance
in the United States-within the last few
months, attaching Itself principally to
young men of Army draft age, many
of whom find their way into the in
stitutions for the insane, according to
Dr. George A. Seeler, president of the
Alienists' and Neurologists' Associa
tion of America, now in session here.
This new war disease, which appears
often before the men reach the
trenches, requires careful attention by
medical experts. Dr. Seeler explained.
After the men actually get into the
war zone the disease slowly disappears
and the victims again become normal.
The malady is brought on by Just plain
worry, he said, but the care and advice
of neurologists are often necessary,
even In the field, to prevent the men
' "Anxiety psychosis." . he continued,
is, strangely enough, a disease of this
war, confined largely to the United
States. The soldiers of Europe In this
war do not suffer from this trouble to
such an extent, because they have been
living In military nations."
APLICATIONS GO TO ARMY
Officers, Not Civilian Committees,
to Pass on Application.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 10. Major
General Hunter Liggett, commanding
the Western department of the Army,
today ordered ail applications for the
second series of reserve officers" train
lng camps, starting at the Presidio here
August 27, be transmitted promptly to
regular Army examining officers de'
called by the War Department to select
each state's quota.
This action was taken, according to
General Liggett, because suggestions
have reached the War Department that
preliminary selection of candidates for
the camp through local and state civil
ian committees might be subjected to
partisanship and unfairness.
This order assures that all applicants
will be passed upon or reviewed by
regular Army officers charged with se
lecting the quotas and eliminates all
semblance of partisanship.
SWAN KEEPS DOWN WEEDS
Laurelburst Children Expected to
Make Pet of Bird.
A white swan nine feet from tip to
tip has been 'assigned' to the task of
beautifying Laurelburst Park lake and
keeping down the lake weeds.
The big bird was turned over to the
park bureau yesterday by the manager
of Crystal Lake Park. It is expected
that he will be able to keep the weeds
down and he will be a big attraction
for children of the neighborhood.
HERBERT KELCEY IS DEAD
Member of Lyceum Company Stars
With Effie Shannon, His Wife.
NEW YORK, July 10. Herbert
Kelcey, died today at his home at Bay
port, L. I., after a long illness.
He was a member of Frohman's
Lyceum Company and for years starred
with Effie Shannon, his wife.
A SLIGHTLY DISORDERED CONDITION OF
FEAR OF TITLES IS REMOVED
'roper War Spirit Discovered
Is Much Admired.
ARMY OFFICERS IN PARTY
Baron Moncheur Says Friendship
Exhibited for Little Nation
Touches Hearts of Party
and Visit Appreciated.
Portland extended to the Belgian
commissioners to the United States
yesterday a welcome that came right
from the heart.
The warmth of it, the ardor and en
thusiasm of the greeting from thou
sands of persons, pleased and touched
There was nothing formal about the
reception this city gave the commis
sioners from the little nation whose
steadfast courage still thrills the
world. It was informal from the open
ing reception at the Union Depot,
where the commissioners were cheered
lustily when they arrived at 9 o'clock
to the "Au revoirs" at the parting at
8 o'clock last night, when the com
missioners left for San Francisco.
Informal Reception DellKhta.
The very informality and spon
taneity of their reception appeared to
delight the visitors. There could be
no mistaking -the sincerity, the feeling
behind such' a welcome.
And on the part of the Commission
ers there was Just as little of the for
mality that, somehow or another, Port
land had feared might be on display.
Perhaps it was the titles of nobility
and military rank,, the tales of silk
hats and frock boats, which produced
this fear. "
Whatever it was. it proved totally
unfounded. Never "were more . genu
inely, whole-heartedly, undisgulsedly
democratic guests welcomed in any
Determination Found In Portland.
This democratic attitude of the dis
tinguished Commissioners made all who
met them feel at ease immediately.
"Please tell the people of Portland
that they have made us feel very glad,
very proud to have been their guests
today." said Baron Moncheur. chief of
the Belgian commission. Just before
they departed on the Southern Pacific
train for San Francisco last night.
"They have made us feel happy with
their sympathy, their cordiality, their
depth of sentiment for our people and
their determination to fight until the
menace of Prussianlsm is removed
from the world.
"Only this morning we came to you
as strangers, but tonight we leave you
feeling that we have known each other
The other members of the Belgian
(Concluded on Page
Aim Is to Have Commodity Trans
portable Under War Limits and
Used by Army and Navy,
SEATTLE, Wash., July 10. (Special.)
Fruitgrowers of Washington and
Oregon will endeavor, through the of
fices of a personal representative to be
sent to Washington Immediately, to in
duce the Government to repiy as to
whether apples are to be regarded as
foodstuffs in the common use of the
term and In transportation arrange
ments under war conditions.
The Government will also be urged
to list apples as rations for the Army
and Navy. By this means growers hope
to market approximately 3000 cars of
the crop of 1917.
Measures for pushing these problems
to a speedy conclusion were taken at a
specially called meeting of the fruit
growers' agency in the Henry building
today, at which J.- B. Adams, of Leav
enworth, presided. A representative
delegation of 15 members was present.
A special committee, composed of S. B.
Sickels, L. J. Blot and B. A. Perham, of
Spokane, with Chairman Adams, was
appointed to make the appointment of
the special representative of the fruit
growers at Washington and to make an ,
immediate report to the boaxd of trus
tees. ARMY LACKS 40,000 MEN
Enlistments Since April 1
141,894 to Date.
WASHINGTON. July 10. With 1296
war volunteers accepted yesterday, en
listments for the regular Army since
April 1 reached 141,894. leaving a lit
tle more than 40,000 men still to be
New York.' state led for the day,
with 214 men. and Is now less than
3000 short of its quota of 18.226. Illinois
has now supplied 13.2S7 men on a
quota of 11.276.
7 DIE WHEN BOAT SINKS
Takes Toll of Excursionists
on Big Stone Lake.
ORTONVILLE. Minn.. July 10. Seven
persons lost their lives when the ex
cursion steamer Muskegon sank in Big
Stone Lake near here tonight during
a heavy storm.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 83
degrees; minimum. ot degrees.
TODAY'S FVIr and continued, warm; mod
erate northerly winds.
German Chancellor consents to Cabinet
changes. Page . 8.
Russian army penetrates Austro-German line.
in Galicia. Page 1.
Battle Is hand-to-band on Chemln des
Dames front. Page 5.
Russians capture key to Galiclan capital.
Chinese monarchists seek; safety In Temple
of Heaven. Page 8.
Substitute food control bill Is drawn tip and
Senate agrees to vote on measure July 21.
Hoover reports to President on food situa
tion. Page 1.
Curbing of spies will be difficult. Page 4.
United States not to advise Mexico on break
with Germany. Page 5.
Anxiety psychosis attacks youths of draft
age. Page 1.
Son of Hetty Green takes bride In Chicago.
Gould bride is dancer. Page 2.
Committee of Editorial Association recom
mends Federal control of print paper.
Camp training turns to trenches. Page S.
Coal barons Indicate intention to charge J1
traffic will bear. Page J.
Three hundred dropped from training camp.
L W. W. sent out of town In cattle cars;
strike of miners believed to have ended.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 6,
Ban Francisco 1; Vernon 2, Oakland 1;
Los Angeles 8, Salt Lake 4. Page 14.
sixteen golf stars survive in first match
round In Western golf tournament.
"Lefty" James, of Louisville club. Is signed
by Manager McCredle. Page Ju. ,
Women's tennis play is fast. Page 14.
Vernon team wins lnter-playground meet.
Oregon and Washington frultmen want ap
ples listed as lood. .rage l.
Washington harvest fields to be protected
from vandals, rage l.
Judges at training camp may forfeit posts
at home. Page 15.
I. W. W. cause reign of terror In Idaho.
Chautauqua opens at Gladstone Park. Page
Commercial and Marine.
Local grain exchange may resume cash trad
ing. Page 19.
Wide gains In active stock list In Wall
street. Page 10.
Channel work assured. Page 16.
Depth at mouth of Columbia River la 41
feet Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Ovation given Belgian mission by N. E
delegates. Page 1.
Cordial welcome is given Belgian commis
sion. Page 1.
Vocational training declared to find work
er's ability and make him rsatlonal asset.
Big Round-up here opens today. Page 9.
Requirements for teachers discussed.
Idie school buildings declared opposite of
conservation. Page T.
N. E. A. has busy day ahead. Page 7.
Highway Commission decides nn 10-year
maintenance for work under bond
Plea made to have music accredited pnbllo
school study. Page 11.
Coates murder confession confirmed by as
sociate. Page 1J.
Woman expected to ceaa JO. E. A., next
year. Page 7.
Home economics discussed at convention.
Bridge Commission follows Governor's ad
vice for arbitration on toll controversy.
War order to train students to be of serv
Ice amuses educators. Page 6.
Children present pageant at Peninsula
Park. Page 15.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 18.
Great Ovation Is Given
LEADERS LAUD AMERICANISM
Baron Moncheur and General
Leclercq Make Speeches.
CONVENTION HEARS WOMEN
Ella Flags Young and Other Educa
tors of Xote Dwell on Wide In
fluence Teacher Wields by
Moulding Children's Views,
N. E. A. COXVEXTIOV SESSIONS t
TODAY ARE IMPORTANT, A
9:30 A. M. National conference
for extension education, 315 Lin-
coin High School.
10 A. M. and 2 P. M. Depart- J
ment meetings as announced on
10 A. M. Modern language
conference. Library, Lincoln High
10 A. M. National Federation
of College Women, ballroom,
10 A. M. Citizenship conven-,
' tion. First Presbyterian Church.
12 noon Luncheon Deans of
Women, Multnomah Hotel.
12:15 P. M. Luncheon for Pres
ident Aley. Multnomah Hotel.
12:30 P. M. Luncheon. National
Council of Teachers of English
and Classical Association of Pa
cific States, University Club.
2 P. M. Complimentary trip
for visiting Daughters of Ame
can revolution over Loiurauia
3 P. M. Historical pageant, J
Sell wood Park. "
6 P. M. Dinner, kindergarten J
department, Benson Hotel.
7 P. M. General session at Au-
7 P. M. Nation's reunion
ceptlon, Washington Park.
"Long live Belgium!"
Five thousand voices lifted that cry
again and again yesterday afternoon
when the members of the Belgian spe
cial mission to the United States ap
peared before the National Kducation
Association convention in the Public
It began with a little old lady in the
third row front. Rising from her seat
she waved at the party, and cried.
Vive la Belgique!" A score of com
patriots scattered throughout the au
dience took up the cry. Swiftly it
flashed Into English until the great
hall rang to the volume of feeling.
Great Ovation Given.
.Soldierly they stood in their smart
uniforms, those officers of the great
little land "that defied, battered and
withheld the confident, overwhelming
hosts of Prussia, bowing to an audi
ence that is entrusted with the tutor
age of America's next generation. Pres
ident Aley, of the N. E. A., introduced
Baron Moncheur, of the Belgian mis
sion. When the tumult had died ha
The 'cordial reception which you
have given to my colleagues and my- ,
self has deeply touched us." said
Baron Moncheur. "and it is an addi
tional pleasure to have the opportunity
of addressing an association such aa
yours, which has in its hands the edu
cation of the rising generation for we
want you to hand down to posterity
the record of the deep gratitude and
everlasting friendship of our country
to your great Republic.
Tribute Paid America.
"We have been charged by our gov.
ernment to express to you the pro
found appreciation and admiration with
which your Nation is regarded by the
whole Belgian people, and by our be
loved leader and ruler. King Albert.
"Military autocracy is tottering to its
fall. You have bared your mighty arm
to secure the liberties of the world,
and, as your great statesman, John
Hay, has said. 'The people will come to
their own God 13 not mocked for.
Baron Moncheur was succeeded by
Lieutenant-General Leclercq, military
head of the mission, who told in vivid,
swift wording the tale of Belgium's
heroism, of the unspeakable devasta
tion of her cities and the brutal butch
ery of her noncombatants.
Heroic Stand Retold.
Cheers sprang up repeatedly, but
never more than when he told of Ger
many's demand to pass her troops
through Belgium, with a limit of eight
hours for the answer.
"That was far too much," he declared.
The answer was all ready. In two let
ters, 'No!' "
As the Belgian mission arose to con
clude Its visit to the convention the
words of "America" welled spontane
ously from 6000 throats, and their de
parture at the close of the mighty
hymn was in a gale of cheering.
Women Principal Speakers.
Aside from the visit of the Belgian
mission, yesterday afternoon's general
iCuncluded oa Pas. 7. Coiu.'ua i.1