Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 6, 1916)
VOL. IVI. XO. 17,485.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FOOD COST BLAME
PUT ON HOUSEWIFE
FLOWN IN CAPITOL
ON TO BUCHAREST
GIRL SLAYER CRIES
WIND DRIVES SNOW
IN WHO SWINDLED
IN EASTERN OREGON
PROTESTS IN COURT
unMCfj iq inuiM
TACOIA WOMEN ADVISED THEY
DEMAND TOO MUCH.
DEFENDERS UNABLE TO CHECK
DRrVE ON CAPITAL.
NEAR-BLIZZARD CAUSES DAM
AGE TO PROPERTY.
Coalition Cabinet, However,
Will Be Continued.
CRISIS REACHED IN BRITAIN
George Certain to
Made Premier if Bonar
Law Should Decline.
WAR TO BE "SPEEDED UP"
Possibility of General Election
Discussed, but Opposi
j tion Is Manifest.
LONDON, Dec. 5. The government
crisis found a solution tonight which
up to the hour of its announcement
had been considered the least prob
able of practical alternatives. Her-'-;
bert H. Asquith resigned the Premier
;' ship, which he has held through eight
- stormy years of domestic and foreign
The Unionist leader, Andrew Bonar
Law, was summoned to the palace im
4 mediately after Mr. Asquith had de
, parted and the King offered him the
Prime Minister's commission, which
; he had just accepted from Mr. As
; quith's hands.
i Coalition Cabinet to Continue.
No announcement regarding Mr.
'J Bonar Law's decision has been made,
. I and there are some doubts whether
r he will accept the heavy responsiuil
- ity. If he declines, it is considered
certain that the honor will fall to
'., David Lloyd George. The continuation
of the coalition Cabinet, with some
changes in its membership and the
speeding up of the war management
will be the policy in either event.
The Premier's decision to resign and
advise the King to summon Andrew
Bonar Law to form a Cabinet was
taken after a day of extraordinary
,' political excitement and activity.
There were constant comings and go
i ings of the political leaders between
.., Downing street and the various gov
. i Noteworthy Leaders Absent.
5 Mr. Asquith met several Unionist
"i leaders in consultation, including Earl
'.: Curzon, Lord Robert Cecil and the
Earl of Derby.
, Noticeable absentees from this con-
', ference were: A. J. Balfour, who is
ill; Andrew Bonar Law, J. Austen
Chamberlain and Walter Hume Long.
Later in the afternoon the Premier
i met his supporters, including Viscount
"! Grey, Lewis Harcourt, Edwin S. Mon
j tagu, the Marquis of Crewe, Reginald
McKenna, Walter Runciman, Lord
Buckmaster, H. Samuel, Lord Read
..S ing and Arthur Henderson. The meet
. ing lasted more than an hour and it
is supposed that Mr. Asquith ex
" plained that he was faced by almost
insuperable obstacles to the reconcilia-
tion of the conflicting interests and
' j intended to tender his resignation. Al
. j most immediately the Premier drove
to the palace and had an audience
with the King.
General Election Discussed.
It now is remarked that when Mr,
Asquith was asked in the House of
Commons yesterday if a food dictator
had been appointed, he replied sharp
"I don't like a food dictator."
There is much talk tonight of the
possibilities of a general election. Mr,
Bonar Law would first form a Cabi
net, if he takes office, as it is neces
sary that the government be carried
on, and then appeal to the electors
for a ratification of his administra
There is strong opposition, however,
to any political campaign, which must
necessarily divert the country's en
ergies from the war work while it
lasted, and the new government may
decide to go ahead with the approval
of the House of Commons only and
not of the voters.
Lloyd George's Policy Shown.
J The part David Lloyd George is
y playing in the crisis was demonstrated
f plainly today by the fact that he re
mained in his office while the Pre
mier conferred separately with the
Liberal and Conservative members of
the Cabinet. Lloyd George's policy
had supporters in both camps. His
J (.Concluded on Page 2. Column 3.)
D. J. McPherson, of Retail Grocers,
Says Purchasers Could Save
by Personal Marketing.
TACOMA. Wash., Dec. 6. (Special.)
D. J. McPherson, secretary of the Ta
coma Retail Grocers' Association, told
members of the executive board of the
Woman's Club today that the housewife
herself did much to raise the price of
food by her demands for service, nu
merous and late deliveries, neatly
wrapped and package goods and the
most modern sanitary devices.
Mr. McPherson said that grocers are
compelled to make deliveries which
cost 10 cents each on a small parcel
like a loaf of bread, which he buys at
8 cents and sells for a dime. He point
ed out that, prices would fall if women
would do their marketing personally
and carry home their purchases, but
he asserted that not two per cent of
women shopped in this manner. One
of his suggestions for cutting the cost
of living -was to buy in larger quanti
ties. II. P. Wright, Federal agent, with
headquarters In Seattle, was present
on invitation and declared that the
Government could do nothing in" the
present price crisis unless It discovered
combinations to corner staples or re
BAY STATE "DRYS" GAIN
Four Towns Added to Column and
Bedford Wet Majority Reduced. .
BOSTON. Dec. 5. No license, or
"dry" forces gained four new suc
cesses in elections in 15 Massachus
etts cities today. Fall River, Haver
hill, Leominster and Taunton shifted
from the wet to the dry column. The
license advocates were not euccessfud
in effecting any changes, Brockton,
Salem, Cambridge and Waltham re
New Bedford, while keeping -to the
wet column, did so by a greatly re
Only 11 of the cities elected Mayors
this year, and of this number not one
was chosen as a Democrat.
SNAKES ROUT ROAD CREW
Laborers Near Hereford Dig Into
Nest of 600 Reptiles.
BAKER, Or., Dec. 6. (Special.)
Tiere was a scattering of road im
provement workers near Hereford 'to
day when the road crew dug Into &
small dirt cave and unearthed a colony
of email snakes, more than 600 in num
ber, the reptiles having begun their
long 'Winter sleep.
Many of the snakes were twined so
closely together that it was extremely
difficult to determine how many were
contained in the scaly mass. Tie
snakes were not thought to be poi
COUNTESS RESISTS TAX
Titled American Heiress Takes In
come Case Into Court.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 6. Whether
titled American heiresses living abroad
and having sources of income in this
country are exempt from the obliga
tions of the Federal income tax statute
was a point of law raised by Countess
Emily R. Degandy, of Paris, daughter
of the late John Jacob Ridgeway, of
this city, in the United States District
Court here today. Judge Dickinson
The countess paid a tax of $7176.62
under protest in 1913.
MEXICAN HELD FOR PLOT
Recruiting for Revolt in Lower Cali
fornia Charged. '
LOS ANGELES, Dec. S. Fortunato
Tenorio, a Mexican interne in a hos
pital here, was arrested today by Fed
eral officers, charged with violation of
neutrality by the alleged recruiting of
men for service in Lower California in
a proposed attempt to displace Colonel
Esteban Cantu, Military Governor of
the northern division.
It was said one woman and several
men were sought by the Government
in the case.
SEATTLE PLANS BOYCOTT
Mass Meeting of Women Called
Attack Food Prices. .
SEATTLE. Wash.. Dec. 6. Steps were
taken today by women here to start
a boycott on eggs, butter and pota
toes. Officers of the Homekeepers" Club
issued a call for a mass meeting of
women Friday, when plans will xbe laid
for the war against high prices of
food, i .
Eggs are retailing at 55 and 60 cents
& dozen; butter at 45 and 50 cents
pound, and potatoes at $2.75 for a sack
of 100 pounds.
SERBS MAKE ANOTHER GAIN
Stravina Carried by Assault; Bui
gars Set Fire to One Village.
LONDON, Deo. 5. The Serbians have
won further successes in the Cerna re
gion and have carried the village of
Stravina by assault, capturing two
howitzers, according to an official
statement issued by the Serbian War
Office, dated Monday evening.
The statement says that the village
of Zouvik. five miles north of Grun
eshte. Is in flames and the Bulgarians
are retreating northward.
Coup Executed as Wil
son Reads Address.
PLANS ARE CAREFULLY LAID
Demonstration Timed to Fit
Porto Rico Recommendation.
ANOTHER MOVE PLANNED
"Something More Startling" Prom
ised Next White House Has Noth
ing to Say Women Are
Pleased by Events.
WASHINGTON1, Dec. 5. Pre.-ident
Wilson's address to Congress today was
marked by a woman suffrage coup in
the galleries the first real show of
organized militancy in the Capital and
hy a great demonstration of congratu
lation to the President upon his re
election in which many Republicans
Joined with the Democrats.
After acknowledging the prolonged
cheers and applause which greeted his
entry to the hall of the House, the
President launched into his address, re
viewing recommendations for railroad
legislation, a corrupt practices act and
had passed to his recommendations for
a broader government for Porto Rico.
Yellow Banner Unfurled.
He was just about to begin a sen
tence "the present laws governing
the island and regulating the rights and
privileges of its people are not just"
when, over the rail of the gallery,
where sat a party of woman suffrage
leaders, there fluttered down above the
heads of an amazed assemblage of
Senators and Representatives a silken
banner of suffrage yellow, bearing in
great black letters the inscription:
President Wilson, what will you do
for woman suffrage?"
The suffragists said afterward it was
their protest against .the President's
plea with Congress for broader suf
frage for tho men of Porto Rico, while
he did not mention their own cause
in his address.
President I Unperturbed.
As the banner rippled down, the
suffragists sat smiling and unper
turbed watching the effect. A dimin
utive page, raised on the arms of men
directly under the gallery, grasped the
edge of . the banner and snatched it
down. President Wilson, attracted by
the stir, looked up from his reading.
and, apparently taking In the situation
at a glance, smiled broadly and, with
out hesitation or interruption, turned
his eyes back to his manuscript and
continued his address to its end with
out further demonstrations.
Policemen and gallery guards scur
ried to where the women were seated,
but contented themselves with watch
ing the party.
When the joint session was over the
(Concluded on Pago 7, Column 1.)
THE DEVELOPMENT OF OREGON'S LIVESTOCK MIGHT HAVE BEEN EVEN MORE WONDERFUL.
i"yG rvj srs Cmt
aom, -rssss ryoy V'
wsroAzsc Ls " " 1,11 I f
T'S 'ZOGJ.JzA O- TVy,? spilW f t -p T.
C I i 1 bbbBbV Bl I h. 1 I II
Twenty Thousand Roumanian Refu
gees Arrive in Jassy Russian
Efforts Are Appreciated.
FETROGRAD, via London, Dec. 5.
The Roumanians have been unsuccess
ful in attempts to check -the Teutonic
forces on the roads to Ploedchtl and
Bucharest, says the War Office in to
day's official statement.
LONDON, Dec. 5. A Reuter dispatch
from Jassy, Roumanla, under date of
December 3, says:
"This sleepy university town has
been stirred to the depths by the
transfer of the government and the
arrival of 20,000 refugees from
Bucharest and elsewhere, many of them
in affluent circumstances. They are
much impressed by Russia's efforts to
help Rou mania. Russian soldiers are
constantly marching to the front and
this inspires confidence that they will
save the situation."
The fate of Bucharest apparently is
sealed. The Teutonic advance toward
it is going on unchecked, Roumanian
attempts to stop it having been unsuc
BANK ROBBERS KILL MAN
Street Battle Fought After Looting
of Buckeye, Ariz., Association.
PHOENIX. Ariz., Dec. 5. Charles
Minor, a baker, was instantly killed
when robbers, who had looted the
Buckeye Valley Bank, at Buckeye, 35
miles west of here, engaged in a street
battle with officials of the hank and
The robbers made their escape on
horses, split up into pairs' and are
being hunted through the rough hill
section of Maricopa County by posses
of deputy sheriffs and farmers. Their
loot was about $2000.
I. W. W. BARRED FROM JAIL
Tacoma Police Refuse to Accept
Railway Officers Prisoners.
TACOMA, Wash., Deo. 6. (Special.)
Thirty-four men, believed to be In
dustrial Workers of the World, were
turned loose on the streets early to
day af,ter they had been taken to the
police station by Northern, Pacific de
The police refused to keep them, de
claring that they did not want them in
the jail. The railroad officers were in
censed at such action. The prisoners
were taken from boxcars in the yards,
JAGOW FRIEND TO AMERICA
Resignation. Attributed to Opposition
to Submarine Policy.
LONDON. Dec. 5. A wireless dis
patch from Berne today quotes Maxi
milian Harden in the Zukunft as say
ing that Herr von Jagow left the Ger
man Foreign Office because he disap
proved of a submarine policy which
offended the United States.
Herr von Jagow also disagreed with
the policy of deporting. Belgians and
French from the occupied territories,
the article declares.
Miss Colby Collapses;
Case Goes to Jury.
PLOT CHARGED TO PROSECUTOR
Defendant Says Official Told
Her She Should Kill Man.
LIBERTY OR DEATH ASKED
Court Gives -Jury Choice of Return
ing Verdict of Murder in First
or Second Degree, Man
slaughter or Not Guilty.
THOMPSON FALLS,. Mont., Dec 5.
When court reconvened at 7 o'cloclt
Mr. Wheeler concluded his closing ad
dress, vrhich had been Interrupted by
Miss Colby's collapse, and the case vras
Klven to the Jury, which retired for de
liberation at 8 o'clock tonight. Judge
Clements Instructed the jury that if a
verdict was reached before midnight
he should be notified.
THOMPSON FALLS. Mont.. Dec. 5.
The trial of Miss Edith Colby, a news
paper reporter accused of murder for
killing A. C. Thomas, a politician, was
halted temporarily late today just as
Special Prosecutor B. K. Wheeler was
concluding his closing argument to the
Jury when Miss Colby eollapsed and
was carried unconscious from the
courtroom. It was Miss Colby's third
.outburst during the day and Judge
Clements adjourned court until 7
Mr. Wheeler, concluding his address,
asked the jury if they would send
"Edith Colby back to the arms of Al
Al Germain, at the mention of whose
name Miss Colby collapsed, is a print
ing pressman of Spokane who was a
minor witness for the defense and who
has visited Miss Colby in jail fre
quently during the trial.
Girl Swoons In Court.
The defendant burst into wild laugh
ter and collapsed into unconsciousness.
"I hope she died. You'll be to blame,"
shouted Attorney John T. Mulligan,
chief counsel for the defense, to Mr.
"Oh, yes! That's your play to the
jury," retorted the special prosecutor.
The courtroom was cleared and medi
cal attendance summoned for Miss
Colby, who was not restored to con
sciousness for several minutes.
In his closing argument Mr. Wheeler
warned the Jury to pay no attention
to the appeals of the defense for sym
pathy for Miss Colby.
"I wish I could ask an acquittal for
Edith .Colby," said Mr. Wheeler. "I
come from Massachusetts, and I would
that I could stand here to defend the
good name of the women of New Eng-
(Concluded on Page 17, Column 1.)
Mile of Poles Leveled Near Arling
ton Western Part of State Has
First Snowfall of Season.
Oregon, from the Coast to the eastern
border, yesterday experienced the first
real snowfall of the season. From
Marshfield and other ocean ports and
Willamette Valley points word of cold
weather with light snowfall was re
ceived, while in Central and Eastern
Oregon a fall varying in depth from
three to eight inches was recorded.
West of the Cascade Mountains the
snow generally was quickly turned to
slush by. a rain which followed, but
east the cold weather continues, with
blizzard conditions reported at La
Grande, Baker and other points.
Because of snow and high winds,
damage has been inflicted to property.
At Roseburg, while no snow fell, a
36-mile wind broke windows, street
lights and signs. The gale was the
hardest in six years.
With blizzard conditions existing be
yond the Cascades, telegraph and tele
phone communication has been badly
crippled. The Western Union Tele
graph Company last night reported
that the gale had leveled a mile of
poles between Arlington and Messner.
Wire service with points in Oregon
beyond the break was maintained via
Portland's first snow of the season
fell early yesterday, mantling the hill
adjacent to the heart of the city. Coun
cil Crest, Portland Heights, Rose City
Park and other outlying districts ex
perienced a light snowfall, but tho
business section was unaffected ex
cept by a cold biting rain.
At Crown Point, on the Columbia
Highway, three inches of snow fell.
MAIL EARLY" IS WARNING
Postofflce Department Says It Will
Be Overtaxed This Year.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. Another ap
peal to the public to mall Christmas
packages early to prevent a crush of
mail in the final days before the holi
days was issued today by the Postof
Warning is given that postal facili
ties will be taxed this year to capacity
because of the country's prosperity.
1800 Men. Get Wage Rise.
DENVER, Dec. 5. The State Indus
trial Commission announced today that
the miners of the Leadvllle district had
received an increase of wages from 30
to 50 cents a day. The increase af
fects about 1800 men. Members of the
commission went to Leadvllle today to
investigate working conditions.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 41
degrees; minimum. 3 degrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair; winds mostly
Asquith resigns British premiership; Kins
calls Mr. iior.ar uw. rage 1.
Teutons continue on to Bucharest. Page 1.
London demands satisfaction for "gross
outrage' by Greeks. Page 4.
Peace brought nearer by conditions In en
emy countries, says Berlin press. Page 4.
Women unfurl suffrage banner as President
reads bis address. Page 1.
Captain of Chemung says attack was un
just. Page 6.
War Department says American Lake plans
win not aziect Vancouver .Barracks.
President asks action on railroad laws.
L. W. Humphreys recommended for post of
Minister to teiam. page z.
Girl slayer shrieks accusation at Prosecutor
and collapses In court. Page 1.
Western Union and' other big corporations
vote bonuses lor employes, page 2.
Pope starts Belgian fund. Page 6.
Author's second wife sues. Page' 2.
Swindler of women maintains Jovial attitude.
German Consul-General tried for conspir
acy, page 1 1.
Dieters gain 45.314 pounds at average dally
i;jb ul ox cenis per peiwin. rage 1 o.
Propr-isslves make overtures for union with
itepuoucans. page 3.
Blame for high cost of food put on house
wife. Page X.
Farmers of two states In session. Page 6
Salaried highway commission proposed
State's riant to fix rates of public service
corporations upheld. Page u.
Many Oregon towns elect officers. Pago 16.
Wind drives snow over Eastern Oregon,
doing damage. Page 1.
Georges Carpentler likely to box In Gotham.
Portland may stage harness and running
meet next year. Page 18.
Oregon's football prospects for 1017 re
garded as bright. Page IS.
Thirty-six basketball games scheduled for
Jnt'Tcholastlc League. Page 18.
Uncle Sama lose hot game to Metropoli
tans, page 18.
Commercial and Marine.
Larg3 increase In output of Oregon butter,
cheese and condensed milk. Page 23.
Htavy export buying lifts Chicago wheat
market. Page J.i.
Wall street stocks irregular and close firm
O. V. Fuller, ex-inspector of boilers, is dead.
Steamer Dalles City damaged by fire. Page
Northern Pacific not to be shifted. Page 17.
Portland and Vicinity.
Fine nock fulls to bring big prices at show.
Campaign to raise funds for relief of Port
land poor to be started. Page 10.
New traffic law to be in effect Sunday.
Many faotors enter food coBt situation, sayi
California market commissioner. Page 11
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 22.
Women blamed for living cost. . Page 22.
Tacoma' s move for post arouses Oregon
Union Pacific Lite Insurance officials vln
. dicated. Page 7.
Judge Burke returns from convention of
customs district heads. Page 4.
Press Club frolics. Page 4.
Wax Moved by Desire
to "Right Wrong".
"MISS X" APPEARS IN CASE
Several Alleged Victims to
Confront Prisoner Today.
OSBORNES WILL APPEAR
Rae Tanzer's Part in Proceedings
as Yet Vncertain, but She Will
Be Prosecuted if Accuser
NEW TORK. Dec. 5. Charles H.
Wax, who, according to the Federal au
thorities, has admitted he is the long
sought "Oliver Osborne," wanted here
to clear up a $250,000 breach of prom
ise suit against James W. Osborne, a
prominent lawyer, arrived in New York
tonight from Chicago in custody of a
deputy United States marshal and
other officials. He will be confronted
tomorrow by several women, who, the
authorities say, allge that a man of
his description courted them under va
rious names, and, in some cases, swin
Wax, who was neatly attired, ap
peared to be in a Jovial mood, except
when newspapermen tried to interro
gate him He turned up his overcoat
collar and pulled the brim of his fedora
hat over his eyes when attempts were
made to photograph him.
Prisoner la "Charming Kellow."
Postofflce Inspector William G.
Swain, one of the officials who accom
panied the prisoner here from Chicago,
said Wax admitted to him he was the
elusive "Oliver Osborne" sand that he
"wanted to right a wrong."
"He is a charming fellow," declared
Swain. "He is one of the most enter
taining men I have ever met Just as .
the women have described him, bril
liant and likeable."
Wax was taken directly to the Fed
eral building on his arrival in the city.
Later he was locked up in the Tombs
prison in default of $50,000 bail. He is
held as a "material witness" in a crim
Occupation Given aa "Aviator,"
At the Tombs Wax told the warden
he was "56 years old and an aviator
by occupation." He laughed aloud as
he said it. He gave bis address
One of the women who will confront
Wax tomorrow, it was announced, will
be known in the proceedings simply
as "Miss X.," to whom a man answer
ing to Wax's description Is alleged to
have represented himself as Charles
Raymond, "an assistant United States
James W. Osborne and his wife also
will see Wax. Whether Miss Rae Tan
zer, who sued James W. Osborne and
identified him In court as the "Oliver
Osborne," who she charged had broken
a promise to marry her, will appear to
morrow, was said to be problematical.
Mlas Tanaer to Be Prosecuted.
If Wax proves to be the original
"Oliver Osborne" he will be used as a
witness in the criminal cases against
Miss Tanzer, her lawyers and others,
which resulte'd from the breach of
promise suit. When the Federal au
thorities have finished with him, it
was said, he doubtless will be turned
over to the local authorities, who are
investigating charges of swindling pre
ferred by several of the young women
who will see him tomorrow.
A detective for a local department
store identified Wax tonight as a man
who had obtained a position at the
store in 1911. He said this man stole
a $100 bill from a woman soon after
he started to work, and that he was
convicted and served one year in
prison. Coincidentally. officials at po
lice headquarters announced today they
had received word from the State Pen
itentiary of Oregon asking that "Oliver
Osborne" be held for the Oregon au
thorities. The message said that "Oliver Os
borne" was believed to be a man who
was sentenced there on June 13, 1913,
to five years for forgery, but escaped
four months later.
WAX VICTIM TELLS OF THEFT
Mrs. Lillian M. Ikle Describes Meet
ing and Loss of $10,000 Gems.
Mrs. Lillian M. Ikle, of Portland, ac
cording to her own story, was a victim
'of Charles Wax, who was arrested in
Chicago last Monday on a charge of
swindling 300 women of money and
jewelry after he had won their confi
dence and love.- Mrs. Ikle last night,
at her. home at 451 East Twenty-eighth
street North, told how Wax had ro-bbed
her of $10,000 worth of diamonds and
$S00 in money.
Mrs. Ikle's story differs from the re
ports given by other victims of the
Chicago prisoner in that her acquaint
ance with Wax was brief and he never
made love to her. The valuables, she
says, were stolen from her room after
Wax. who had seen her wearing gems,
had followed her to a NewYork hotel.
Mrs. Ikle says that her acquaintance
with Wax. whom she met as Colonel
William Mason, of the United States
Regular .Army, was very casual. After
trailing Wax to Portland she was
largely instrumental in his conviction
Coicludcd on Page 4. Column 2.)