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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1915)
the aroRxrao okegoxia MONDAY, ; JCOVEMBEIS 1. 1915.
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IFOKTLAXP, ilOXDAV. NOV. 1, IBIS.
WRITING tJP THH WAR. ,
So far the story of the war in Eu
rope has not been told. So far the
fctory of no great battle in Europe has
been told. It is doubtful if any one
historian or -writer, no matter how
glorious his skill, would prove equal to
the task, even were the facts and
figures available. He would lack per
spective. This monstrous black cloud
which overcasts the globe with its
pall is too near to us of today. Tjme
alone will lend perspective, even as
time alone will reveal the real data
upon which authoritative accounts
must be based.
We have no doubt but that any one
of those great battles could be re
ported with fair accuracy of detail
and, a sufficient grasp of the whole
situation. But that would require a
tremendous staff of trained writers,
all perfectly organized into a co
ordinated factrgatherlng machine. Nor
is it to be doubted but that enterprise
ins American newspapers would per
fect such an organization if circum
stances and the new laws of warfare
permitted. Fifty men stationed at in
tervals from Calais to Verdun, tele
phone and telegraph handy, might
keep in touch with a centrally located
ftaf f of writers, who could Teceive,
digest and reduce the scattered facts
into a compact and concise running
But the war lords refuse to be pes
tered by reporters, and the picturesque
correspondent who once rode with the
commanding General now sulks miles
in the rear, feeding on sops and frag
ments given him second-hand by
obliging refugees or staff officers see
lected for that particular duty. Jf he
gets anywhere near the zone of action
it is under the careful scrutiny of an
unimaginative censor. If, perchance,
the correspondent sees something not
intended for his eyes the facts are
carefully and ruthlessly deleted from
JJor can the correspondent know
what confidence he may place upon
the official reports given him at gen
eral headquarters. Those nerve cen
ters, of the great armies do not hesi
tate to practice deception when strat
egy dictates. War has no conscience,
strategy no veracity. Outright lying
is a fine art of the most noble sort
when applied to -warfare. To let the
word go forth that a great forward
movement is being planned when
nothing of the sort is even remotely
contemplated may be demanded by
military expediency. If so, the corre
spondents are given the bait.
Then there is that larger strategy
which is designed to maintain confi
dence at home and establish credit
abroad. Military forces and virtues
may be announced which have no real
existence. Viotorles are claimed which
are based on no greater event than
some local issue at an isolated sector.
Most, if not all, those personally con
ducted tours among the trenches are
not designed for the edification of the
correspondents. The commanders have
a more subtle purpose, which is to
impress the world through these
writers with the prowess and inherent
virtues of the country's fighting men
and their methods of fighting. Ger
many has been particularly active in
conducting tours calculated to impress
the receptive correspondents with Ger
man humanity and gentleness. This as
an antidote against the charges of
barbarity which have been heaped
upon the Germans since the outset of
With these limitations and restric-tions-
in mind, it is certain that we
can "only know in the most general
way what has happened. Such larger
facts as the German domination of
Poland, the French offensive of recent
date and the counter stroke delivered
by the Germans in France in the pres
ent month reach us in some detail.
But, after all, what do we know of
what really happened as a result of
the intensive fighting in the west a
few weeks ago? After presenting con
flicting claims in the matter, both
sides suddenly dropped the topic.
Of course, all of these obstacles are
as nothing to the real writing animal.
Novelists and literary fit-throwers
penetrate everywhere and see every
thing, although from the result of
their writings we fear most, of their
invasions of the battle line are im
aginary and most of the great scenes
they report are viewed through the
mind's eye. While the honest reporter
confines himself to monotonous re
ports of cannonading as heard from
the distance, your literary special
agent dashes to the front ranks and
describes fierce hand-to-hand assaults
in which blood, forms rivulets and" the
dead are heaped in mountains. All of
this is told with a wealth of detail
which denotes close personal observa
tion. Therefore, when we are informed
that "the battle rages .today from
Sarnbor to Str5i,, we picture to our
selves the dauntless special writer
dashing on foaming steed from sector
to sector counting the wounded and
gathering local color. That the two
points are separated by some fifty
miles is too obscure for general detec
Then. too. the rapidity with which
these writing specialists master mili
tary science ig a marvel of the age.
They discourse learnedly on the mor
ale of armies, the systems of supply,
the technique of combat, the effective
ness of artillery fire, the reconstruc
tion qf tactics and what not. They dis
cover sweepiug changes in methods
cf warfare and describe the reasons
In minutest detail. It is probable
that few of them really know the dif
ference between a salient and a
salmon, between a range-finder and
a stove detective, between a first-aid
station and a lemonade stand.
But no matter. We must know
something about the war. We demand
an intimate view of the workings of
those great fighting machines. This
demand is not fully met by Jhs calm
and observant writers who confine
themselves to what they actually see
and honestly believe. So perhaps we
must look to the producers of drivel
and dross who draw on imagination
for their illuminating facts. Much of
it makes good reading matter. Twenty-five
years from now we may be
able to find out exactly what was go
ing on today.
HT7NG OX A ROTTEN REG.
Even the latest apology for his ship
purchase bill which has been discov
ered by Secretary McAdoo proves to be
unfounded. He calls our attention to
the urgent need of naval auxiliaries,
thus making his scheme a tail to the
National . defense kite, and he states
that the Navy needs 1,172,000 tons of
such ships, but that the merchant ma
rine could supply enly 700,000 tons.
Hence the Government must provide
A list of steamship companies is
given by Shipping Illustrated which
"could amply supply the required
1,172,000 tons out ef their existing
fleets, built or building." It includes
only "high-class passenger and-or
cargo vessels, exclusive of tankers."
Referring to Mr. McAdoo's call for 324
vessels for minesweeping, the same
paper says there is no lack of vessels
for this purpose, "Inasmuch as the ex
isting fleets of high-power screw tugs
are the finest of their kind" and would
supply "a better fleet of minesweepers
than any yet created, not excepting
that of England."
The Secretary of the Treasury was
simply left without a leg to stand on
in his ship-purchase fight at the last
session of Congress. Senator Burton
talked him into a corner. He has been
seeking ever since for something to
hang his scheme on, and he has fas
tened upon the naval auxiliary peg.
It is rotten, and cannot bear the
XS IT LEGISLATION T
Mayor Gill's veto qf the Seattle tax
levy has perhaps been circumvented
by adoption of a resolution fixing the
levy at the same figure with which the
Mayor found fault, though we doubt it.
To override the veto required a two
thirds vote; it was possible to adopt
the resolution by a majority vote. Be
sides, the resolution is not subject to
the Mayor's veto.
Probably the theory upon which this
has been done is that fixing a tax levy
is an administrative, pot a legislative,
function. It is argued in Portland that
that status removes the city tax levy
ordinance from the referendum power,
which, it will be remembered, the Cir
cuit Court has held may be invoked
against municipal legislation of what
It is quite clear that the tax-levying
duty performed by the State Board of
Equalization is administrative, but it is
not so clear that the. City Council is
not legislating when it fixes the city
tax levy. The state tax levy is a mat
ter of mathematical computation. The
basis is the appropriations made by the
Legislature, which,' it is generally con
ceded, are legislation and subject to
the veto and referendum. The State
Board, ascertains the value of property
and the sum required by the state to
carry on its business, and proceeds, ac
cordingly. It has no power to say that
the state shall spend more or less than
the needs certified to it.
But the City Council at tax-levying
time does control the amount of ex
penditures for the ensuing period. In
Portland the budget, to most intents
and purposes, may be likened to an
omnibus appropriation bill adopted by
a Legislature. The expenditure of the
items specifically contained in the
budget is authorized by the adoption
of the budget and tax levy, and no
further appropriating ordinance is
thereafter required. It is pretty hard
to get away from the idea that in
adopting the tax levy the City Council
STATES NEEp POLICE FORCE.
During a recent strike at Nashua,
N. H., women strikers with babies in
their arms sat on the railroad track
leading to the factory involved- Na
tional Guardsmen attempted to drive
them away, and when they refused to
go, charged a crowd that had collected.
One woman was fatally wounded and
a man was shot.
There is no cause for surprise that
men are reluctant to enlist in the Na
tional Guard and that labor unions de
nounce and boycott it, when it - is
called upon to perform this kind, of
service. The National Guard, as its
name implies, is organized to defend
the country, not to dp police duy. This
work is forced upon it by the neglect
of the states to provide an adequate
police force for such occasions as that
The police of a city or the Sheriff of
a county are rarely equal to the emer
gencies pf a strike. A. Sheriff may
enroll special deputies, but they are
usually inexperienced and undisci
plined and throw a heavy expense on
the county. Employers insist on their
right to protection for employes anc
property and. in the guise of watch
men, hire armed men to whom the
Sheriff, glad to save expense, gives au
thority as deputies. These guards
naturally are more loyal to those who
pay them than to the law which merely
gives them a star. They are selected
for their fighting proclivities and are
inclined to violence n mistaken zeal
for their employers. Their presence
irritates striking workmen and armed
conflict is the inevitable result. The
National Guard is then called out to
do police duty, and the anger of strik
ers turns against it.
Although politicians may be able to
gain some idea as to the trend of poli
tics in the elections tomorrow, proba
bly among people generally greater in
terest will be found in the fate of the
New York constitution, woman suff
rage n New Tork, Massachusetts and
Pennsylvania, and prohibition in Ohio.
Four states rMassachusetts, Maryland,
Kentucky and Mississippi will elect
Governors, but only in Massachusetts
does there seem to be much doubt as
to the outcome. Legislative elections
will be held in New Tork, Massachu
setts, Maryland, New Jersey, Kentucky
Outstanding among the issues Is that
presented by the proposed constitution
of New York. As emanating from a
New York convention, it is a fairly
progressive document! It contains
nothing relative to direct legislation
or the recall, but it contains an ambi
tious short-ballot ' proposal.' In fact.
the document was designed, according
to no less an authority than Senator
Root, chairman af the constitutional
convention, to meet growing disatisfac
tiojn with governmental forms. In an
address the other day he said that
there had been an absolute necessity
to make the new constitution "so good
so sound, so effective, that all demand
for the abandoning of representaUYfinients .with, which, it must get its f lans.
government and the substitution of di
rect legislation would pass away and
The short-ballot provision is the
most striking portion of the new con
stitution. New York now has 152 ad
ministrative or executive agencies. Jf
-the new constitution carries, these will
be reduced to seventeen and no new
departments may thereafter be ere--ated.
Any administrative function
newly designed must be placed in one
ef the seventeen departments.
Whereas there is no uniformity in
the methods ef appointment, election
or removal of the heads of the presr
ent 152 departments, the heads of
nine of the reorganized .departments
are to be appointed by the Governor
and removed at will. As to most of
the others, he appoints with the con
sent of the Senate and may remove
for cause. Four elective state offices
are eliminated and generally the ex
ecutive office is placed more nearly on
a parity with the oabinet principle of
the National Government than in any
Considerable opposition to the new
constitution has developed among
union labor leaders, but their objec
tions apparently are directed against
otjier features than the short ballot.
A provision authorizing one accused
of a minor crime to waive indictment
by gran'd jury and said by proponents
of the constitution to be designed to
enable the accused to expedite his
trial has been construed by labor or
ganizations to restrict the fight of trial
The new constitution also eliminates
the practice of appointing court ref
erees paid by a fee system and substi
tutes permanent salaried commission
ers. Labor leaders criticise this pro
vision as creating powerful judges
without nomination or election. The
existing court commissioner system, it
is charged, on the other hand, provides
elected judges with a means of paying
political debts with remunerative judi
cial appointments. It is significant in
this connection that Tammany is op
posing the constitution.
There is some discontent, also, in
labor circles, over the rejection by the
constitutional convention of amend
ments fixing hours of labor on public
works and establishing minimum
wages for women and children. The
new constitution leaves these Questions
to the Legislature.
Another important amendment in
the new constitution establishes the
budget system in such a way as to
place responsibility for economic con
duct pf state affairs upon the Gov
ernor. The budget is to be submitted
by the Governor; the Legislature may
reduce but pot increase items.
The third most important provision
is directed at the law's delays. It in
cludes simplification of the rules of
ciyil procedure and regulates and re
duces the number of appeals. '
While submitted at the same elecT
tion, the equal suffrage amendment is
not tied up with the prpposed consti-.
tution. It will be voted on separately.
AS TO THE COXTIXENTAl, ARMY.
The most severely criticized item in
the Administration's programme of
National defense is that providing for
a continental Army of citizen volun
teers to stand behind the regular
Army and the National Guard.
At the present time there would
be no difficulty in raising the
required force of 130,000 men each
year. The people are fully alive
to the necessity of National defense,
and employers would doubtless as
sist" by keeping their employes' places
open during the two months of an
nual training, for all are impressed by
the object lesson presented by Europe.
But when peace is restored, the
pacifist may again lull the Nation into
its normal indolence and reliance upon
our own good intentions for immunity
from attack by nations which Have
evil intentions. "Volunteering might
then drop off , until the continental
Army became a mere shadow. The
machinery would rust and Congress,
more intent on pork than prepared
ness, would let the equipment run
Our main reliance would then be
the regular Army, which it is pro
posed to increase to 140,000 men;
the reserve, which it is proposed to
increase to 300,000 men by auto
matically transferring men from the
regular Army when training has
rendered them efficient; and the Na
tional Guard pf 125,000 men, which is
to be brought up to the National
standard of efficiency by being paid by
the Nation; a total of 565,000 men.
The continental Army would so
fluctuate in strength and efficiency as
to be an uncertain quantity, for we
could not rely upon it to supply any
definite number of trained and fully
equipped men when a sudden call to
arms was made.
The Administration's plan seems to
be a compromise to please those who
wish to increase the regular Army to
200,000 men, serving one year with
the colors and five years In the reserve,
and those who advocate the Swiss
system of withdrawing all men from
civil occupations for only a short time
each year for military training.
The former plan raises the spectre of
militarism and alarms Congressmen
with visions of enormous expense.
The latter Is also miscalled mili
tarism in defiance of the fact
that Switzerland uses It for Na
tional defense alone. It also causes a
cry against conscription among the
" didn't-raise-my-boy-to-be-a-soldier "
crowd and among that large propor
tion of our people who 'would resist
compulsion to do anything for their
The motive behind the Administra
tion is suggested by John S.
Gregory in an article in World's Work.
That motive is to present a plan 'that
will appeal to Congress and to the peo
ple as reasonable" and the plan
offered, he says, "hits with a hitrh
degree of Judgment that middle ground,
wnere our iational needs and our Na
tional temperament meet." Military
experts can prove that we need im
mediately an Army of 1,000,000 men,
but 'they under-estimate the impos
sibility, in our present civic and eco
nomic phases of preparedness, of
getting together and handling a body
of this size." The Administration must
try to "adopt their advocacy of radical
measures to the temper and charac
teristics of the country as they now
are." A new consciousness has been
awakened and the plans submitted
must 'warm it, kindle it," not "chill
the whole thing." In Mr. Gregory's
opinion -the Administration and those
who are directing the Army policies
feel that they have a great chance to
accomplish something -to advocate a
measure which can he passed, and
thus with the greatest possible
saving of time get something started;
they do pot want o fumble this
One reason for the Administration's
caution is the unpromising instru-
through Congress for -both Army and
Navy. Chairman Hay, of the House
military committee, has opposed
measures for -a larger and more effi
cient Army ever since th6 Spanish
War. He denounced Secretary Root's
Army increase bill in 1899. as a
"vicious piece of legislation" and only
last January he said: "I am utterly
opposed to adding a single man to the
standing Army as it now exists." When
Secretary Garrison asked for 7500 ad
ditional men to deal with our Mexican
troubles he led his committee in re
fusing to grant them and he cut to the
bone appropriations for artillery and
ammunition. Though he reels off the
usual Bryanlte pacifist patter, he re
vealed a more ignoble motive by saying
in Congress that he did not believe in
military expenditures "at the expense
of our harbors, of our public buildings,!
or our roads." He has persistently
fought all of General Wood's Army
reforms and all plans to take the Army
out of politics, and his scheme to leg
islate General Wood out of office in
1912 was blocked by President Taft's
veto of the Army appropriation bill.
Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the
Senate military committee, is in full
accord with the Administration on
The Administration's plans can cer
tainly be improved by the friendly
criticism which Republicans can give.
President Wilson should welcome their
aid in perfecting the system which he
proposes. The continental army . is
the weakest point in that system, and
apparently was included as a compro
mise with men of Mr. Hay's type and
as a concession to those people who
balk at any suggestion of universal
or compulsory service. The Repub
licans can, by keeping the people
awake to the necessity of taking no
chances with the country's safety, help
to win popular support for a more ef
fective measure. By supporting the
President in advocacy of such a meas
ure they can enable him to whip com
pletely into, line men like Mr. Hay.
The hitter's conversion to the Presi
dent's ideas has recently been an
nounced; discovery that he is one of a
small minority might render him ex
tremely pliable, even at the sacrifice of
his cherished pork.
JAPAN'S SINISTER MOVEMENT.
Japan's warning to China that res
toration of monarchy may cause inter
nal disorder is a new development of
the island empire's policy toward its
big but helpless neighbor. As the Chi
nese revolutionists make their head
quarters in Japan and as they used
that country for a base in their last
attempt to overturn Yuan Shi Kai, the
conclusion to be drawn from Japan's
action is plain. The warning was in
tended, as a threat to turn loose the
revolutionists if Yuan goes ahead with
If Yuan became Emperor, he would
use his great genius, his energy and
cunning to build up a strong central
government and to exclude Japanese
influence. He would restore' China's
credit, organize a modern army and
navy, and seek backing among the
great powers. So long as the present
sham repuhlic coptinues, its weakness
affords Japan opportunities which
would be denied by a strong monarchy.
Division continues; with division
comes disorder, and from it may come
civil war, which would be Japan's op
portunity to Intervene. The past
proves clearly enough that, once in,
Japan would never go out.
The initial "number of the Walnut
Book and Horticultural Digest, pub
lished by H. V. Meade, of Orenco, has
appeared. Like the descendant of the
Juglans regia, which is its mission to
exploit, it is full of good meat. This
magazine should be considered by
everyone who is at all nutty, for the
business of walnut growing has not
fairly begun and there is much to
learn. Typographically the Walnut
Book is typical of Van Meade's work
tne latest thing in printing.
The British military and diplomatic
blunders may be th,e fruit of the polit
ical truce. A government which had
to look forward to frank criticism
from its opponents would scarcely
have dared to make the hopeless at
tack on the Dardanelles, to let Bul
garia deceive it or to leave Serbia un
defended. A muzzled Parliament made
the government careless.
An important element in National
defense is development of our latent
military resources. Then why not de
velop the shipbuilding resources of the
Pacific Coast by constructing some of
the new warships here? The time will
cornet when we shall need the entire
capacity of both coasts to keep our
Navy up to strength.
Whether we wish it or not, many of
us must, go on the water wagon next
year to save money with which to pay
higher taxes. We may not even get
the financial benefits of our absti
nence. If a man knew that some time his
wife would start proceedings to secure
a decree and allege a lot of things, he
would be so careful in sayings and ac
tions as to be marvelous.
The plan of teaching thrift to be
tried at Pendleton must not embrace
giving a boy a penny when he expects
a nickel- That course will lead to wild
At last we are going to do what we
should have done several years ago
compel the Mexicans to confine their
shooting to their own country.
Investment of 3,000,000 in locomo
tives and other equipment by the Bal
timore & phip shows hayr business is
in the Middle West.
Ontario is to hold a corn carnival
soon and one can get an idea of it by
seeing the Malheur County exhibit at
the Land Show.
.federal restriction of the use of
meats in Germany will make vegetari
anism unpopular by very contrariness
or the victims.
Anybody who has seen an automn
bile skid after turning a sharp corner
understands why accidents happen.
One need not be an artist to see real
beauty in the potatoes at the Land
John Austin Hooper, wanted on this
coast, is certainly an elusive chap.
Did you recover the gate that was
spirited away by the spooks T
not be a shipowner
Been to the Land Show yet? If not
Why, nqtZ .
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of November .1. 1880.
Chicago, Oct- 30. Archibishop Fre
han's silver jubilee came to an end
here tonight. Addresses in many
languages were given and a colored
man spoke on behalf of Catholic Afri
cans. Astoria. Oct. SO. The celebrated
shanghaing case of- "Bunco" Kelly was
up before Justice Cleveland today.
St. Paul Archbishop Ireland, in an
interview regarding his call to Rome,
said that he had never spoken against
compulsory education. He said it was
not a matter pf religion.
Jack DemDBflv n H Fitisimmnn, will
fight before the Olympic Cluh of New
Orleans January li for lia.OOO. The
loser will get 1000.
James M. Thompson, who recently
went to San Francisco to make ar
rangements for an electric railway to
Willamette Heights, is expected to re
turn today. Work on the road will
start next month.
Miss Henrietta Vaders. now in Port
land playing heavies with Thomas W.
Keen, has acted with Edwin Booth
and Lawrence Barrett also. She is the
best "Queen Elizabeth" on the stage.
Dr. Hammell, of Drain, has assumed
the management of the Casino Theater.
Sheriff James D. Birdsey. of Jack
sonville. Or., being ill, his affianced.
Mrs. Fannie Johnson, was called to his
bedside, where they were married Octo
Mrs. John W. Mackay opened the
Autumn season in the American colonv
at London recently by giving a re
ception In honor of her rather. Colonel
Miss Florence Olson wrote the class
chronicle read at the tree planting ex
ercises at the high school. Bittle Wells
played a violin solo. Miss Lloyd Jes
sup read the class poem and Miss Eva
Bonser read her prophecy of the class.
George Coyne delivered the class ora
tion and Professor F. G. Young, the
principal, delivered the formal address.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of November 1, 166a.
Cree's block on Stark street is not
disfigured by inaccurate rows of awn
ing posts rough, long:, oblong nor
square, but soma creditable hitching
posts have been planted at conveni
ent distances at the outer edge of the
The wires being out of order be
tween this city and California, we are
not in receipt or our regular news dis
patches. On Saturday and Sunday the
line was down between Portland and
Salem; that being repaired showed the
line out of repair between there and
Canyonville, and communication was
still interrupted last evening.
Mount Hood has received accessions
to the white robe it wears the last
Much anxiety is felt at San Francisco
over the steamship Ne Plus Ultra, now
over six months out of New York, and
extra insurance is in some instances
The managers of the New York Cen
tral railroads have made an arrange
ment by which there will soon be a
narrow gauge from New York to St.
Louis, so that freight can be sent
through without transfer in about one
half the time that it now takes.
W. E. Cooper yesterday presented us
with a sample of strawberries, plucked
from the vine at this late season, in
a perfect state of ripeness. We failed
to learn the variety, but concluded that
Mr. Cooper had reduced the growing
of this delicious fruit to a science.
Company B, Oregon Infantry, Cap
tain Crandall, was mustered out of
service at Fort Vancouver yesterday,
under orders received from headquar
ters, its members having lately been
relieved by regular troops at Fort
Steilacoom. Captain Crandall's com
pany has seen not quite 12 months'
FRIVOLOlSESS IX BOTH SEXF9,
Single or Married Flirtatious! Compan
ions Too Often Sought.
PENDLETON, Or., Oct. 30. (To the
Editor.) I am a constant reader of
The Oregonian read everything to the
last word on the last page, and I am
always interested in the editorials. It
seems many of both sexes are trying
to solve the problem of how the right
girl is to meet the right man.. One
male writer says the girls are all
looking for the idle, cigarette-smoking,
street-loafing, male flirt. From
personal observation I find that not
only girls but sometimes married
women with families are too ready
to pick that class of male acquain
tance. Of cot rse it must be remembered
that there are always exceptions to
A woman writer says the men are
always looking for sweet young fluffy
ruffles that have nothing else to do
but walk the street and flirt. Again
it is not always the single man but
often the married man who takes to
that pastime. Is there any prevention
or ' cure for these diseases? Verily
there seems to be none.
There is undoubtedly plenty of the
right kind of both sexes, but where
to meet them? Some say go to church
to meet good men and women. One
could" go to church until ready for
the grave and not be likely to meet
the right one or any one in particular,
so far as that goes, unless it should be
a small country church, and we do
not all live in the country. Others say
get out and go to the parties and
dances. The dance is the place to
meet them, and that's the place that
breaks up more homes than the saloon.
I am not an advocate of the saloon,
and much less of the dance halL If
It were carefully sifted to the very
bottom you would find that my asser
tion is about correct.
One married man said, take a chance
at the srrab-batj. Unfortunately we
arc not all lucky at the grab-bag, and
if one doesn't make a lucky grab at that
sort of a grab-bag he is indeed un
There still seerrs to be no solution
to the problem.
Don't censure me for what I wrote
for I was one pf the unlucky in the
A PENDLETON READER.
How to Get Rid of Moths.
PORTLAND. Oct. 31. (To the Edl
tor.) If you can, will" you please give
a remedy to kill moths?
I moved into an eight-room house
about six months ago; it had been
tinted, painted and cleaned before going
in. All rooms are now. clean of moths
except one, where we have killed them
every day, still they are coming. I
have used moth balls without success.
There is no carpet on the floor. I would
be very thankful for an extermination,
" ' '. " ' " A. T. S.
A method of exterminating moths is
to fumigate with sulphur fumes. Sul
phur candles, which may be secured
at any drug store may be used for this
The candle should be lit and the room
shut and allowed to remain for about
24 hours. Formaldehyde will also ex
terminate them, but it is more diffi
cult to set rid pf the fumes afterwards,
TWO "ARMIES' AXD BIRTHRATE
Unemployed and the Military Poos Re
aorta (or Mothers' Sons.
PATERSON, WASH., Oct. SO. (To
the Editor.) The Oregonian, October
XS, publishes a report of unemployment
in nine Coast cities ranging from 7
to ever 43 per cent partly or wholly
unemployed and based on figures
taken in June and July. No doubt the
percentages are greatly increased now.
On the editorial page, the same date,
ls. a letter signed A. P. Crothers. In
which the writer deplores the falling
American birthrate, and says: "The
situation is such as calls for the most
Confronted by these two conditions,
I. for one, deny the efficacy of "pray
erful thought'' to remedy these or any
other conditions. It will require a
great deal of honest and unselfish ac
tion as distinguished from "prayerful
thought" even to ameliorate them,
perhaps a greater amount of devoted
service than tha venders of prayers
are even willing to give.
Thoroughly and completely to cure
the "unemployed problem" would be
to wreck our whole present economic
system, and the falling birthrate is
largely a corollary of that very prob
lem. What thoughtful woman or man
walking through the "Plasa" or the
Burnside section of Portland has not
registered an oath in heaven never, by
any act of theirs, to augment that
flood-tide of "Es&us," who never had
Yet we are the most enlightened and
intelligent nation on earth, are we
not? The politicians tell us so, and we
applaud what they say, and in that
manner prove that we are nothing of
the kind yet.
But the falling birthrate is proof
conclusive that we are getting to be
just that. The cherished little conceit
of woman's that men never really un
derstand women, may find its vindica
tion in the conduct of -married women
today in the United States. The men,
through centuries of devotion to
"Cain" and his pclicies, have failed.
It is as if Nature, driven to her last
extremity to save her children, calls
on the mother instinct, the natural
conserver of life, to withhold the sup
ply of raw material until Mr. Cain
changes his policies. Why should a
woman blindly bring children into the
world and wrap the. little lives in the
very fabric of her own soul only to
see them' later in the army of unem
ployed, or worse, if possible, the army
employed only to kill? If God ever
weeps it surely is when he "reviews,"
not his troops, but man's troops, in
these two armies. Why call for more
lives and then spend five hundred mil
lion dollars next year for the purpose
of destroying life?
This brazen affront to the Giver of
the commandment, "Thou shalt not
kill," might also call for a moderate
dose of "prayerful thought."
Some Americans, perhaps, who are
not given to advertising their patriot
ism, believe that in the "cosmos" of
things there is only one destiny, a
human dentiny, and that one of the
first steps toward it is to sink our
"Nationalism" (which, being inter
preted, means narrowness and greed)
Into a world with a common hope, a
common guiding star, a humanized hu
manity. Let our fatherland be "as the
blue heaven, wide and free."
No baby would dare to stay out ot
a world like that.
H. J. SPENCER.
COl. HOFER FtlLV EXPECTS IT
He Predicted That Sunday Bine Laws
Would Follow Resolution
SALEM, Or.. Oct. 30. To the Ed
itor.) The protest of the grocers that
a Sunday law should not be enacted,
as it will ruin many of them, comes
too late, for the same majorities that
declared for state-wide prohibition in
Oregon can and will enact a Sunday
law modeled after that of Canada and
a few other colonies under puritanical
regime. In the campaign against pro
hibition. I warned all I could reach
that a Sunday law was the next step in
the programme of restriction.
I have just come from a month spent
in San Francisco. Of course, in that
wicked and benighted city, all corner
groceries are ppen most pf the day
anc night, and commit the further in
iquity of having on sale bottled beer
and wine, and some even stronger liq
uor. I did not see a drunken man in
California in a stay of 10 weeks alto
gether. But in California the people
are so far gone in wickedness that they
dance in all the principal hotels and
restaurants and in various parts of the
state they even have horse races.
It is probable that many of the gro
cers voted for state-wide prohibition
and they have nothing to expect but
Sunday-closing. The people of a com
monwealth that enter upon a career of
restricting their own liberties, destroy
ing some of their own liberties, and
enacting laws that favor the rich and
powerful ruling classes, cannot balk
at further policies that will destroy
property and stop people doing busi
ness, employing labor and spending
Many of us, had we known the kind
of a law that the prohibitionists were
going to, enact might not have opposed
their campaign so energetically. Cer
tainly, those who want to have liquors
in their residences and clubs and pre
vent the poorer classes, the wage
slaves and propertyless proletariat
from enjoying all the pleasures of
civilization, have no kick at the law
which goes into effect January 1. In
the same way the classes enjoying the
higher privileges of society will not
be hurt much by the Sunday laws.
They can import all the groceries they
need and so motoring on Sunday.
DEFFEREXT WHEN WOHEX MEET
Flowers in Legislative Halls and No
Fet on Desks During Convention.
SALEM, pet. 30. (To the Editor.)
Being born and brought up in the
vicinity of the State Capitol, I have
frequently visited the halls of legisla
tion and through successive' sessions
have heard various laws made, amended
and unmade, sometimes with dignity,
sometimes with pyrotechnics.
During the years that equal suffrage
seemed a vital quetsion to some women,
tne remarx wouia be made Imagine
women in a place like this: they would
pull hair and fight." " Well, the vision
has been realized in part at least, two
women having actually "been there" as
lawmakers. But of tna' I am not
writing. ' '
The recent Federation of Woman's
iuos lea me to compare the bout erv-
semble with that when the male
species of the genus homo prevailed.
The House was beautiful. Stately
palms were placed about and the sun
shed a glow of warm tints through the
branches of Autumn leaves banked at
the windows. A profusion of flowers
oecked the Speaker s desk and tablea
tne air was good most of the time.
Tobacco smoke and spittoons were con-
ttiitcuuua uy lubic aosence. J ne wo
men kept their feet under the desk
at any rate or the floor. Parliamen
tary law was strictly observed: dues
tions were stated for the most part
in a ciear manner and discussed in
controlled voices. The subjects dealt
witn were usually important and up
lifting humane ' and for the better
ment of conditions in our state.
While there was often diversity of
opinion concerning methods, the discus
sions were dignified and thoughtful: I
noticed but one personality indulged in.
Of course this was not a 40-daxs'
session, but I think the few days of
the Federation were a fair sample of
what might be expected and an en
couraging outlook to those, of little
faith in the intelligence and womanly
dignity of their own kind.
A DISINTERESTED OBSERVER.
How to Keep Well
By Dr. W. A. Evans.
Vocal Cord Phthisis.
Tuberculosis of or near the vocal
cords is a very serious disease. Re
covery from it is very rare. When Dr.
uworetzKy examined the throats of
500 patients in the New York municipal
sanitarium he found that one or every
tour naa tnis Kind or tuberculosis. Of
those in whom consumption of the,
lungs was just beginning, only one
out of eight had the diseasa In the
throat. Of those with advanced con
sumption one out of two had tuber
culosis of the larynx.
ow take these separate statements.
join them, and see what you get. What
you get is that consumption usually
starts In the lungs, that after a while
the throat becomes involved, and that
when, the disease involves the throat
there is not much hope.
With this statement accepted, anv
sensible consumptive could reason
about this way: Every time I cough
up any sputum it must pass through
the narrow crack between my vocal
cords; it is full of tubercle bacilli: if
tne bacilli get a foothold on my cords
I am gone; what cant I do to protect
my throat against infection?
Dr. Dworetzky answers that question
in the Journal of Outdoor Life. First,
the patient must breathe through his
nose. If he breathes through his nose,
especially in cold weather, the cold air
reaches his vocal cords while yet cold.
every one has noticed that on a very
cold morning the inside of his nose
stings and drops of water run out of
The nose man will tell him that un
der those circumstances the membranes
over the turbinated bones are swollen.
tne membrane there can stand it, but
a similar condition in, or near the vocal
cords of a consumptive would render
infection with tubercle bacilli probable.
The second admonition is that the
patient cough as little as possible. On
the one hand, coughing always irri
tates the vocal cords. Nothins: snaoa
and rasps the' vocal cords any more
man does a hard coughing spell. Five
hard raps just as a coughing gives
will irritate the cords more than will
live minutes of orating or singing. On
the other hand, the sputum must be
drained from the lungs, and coughing
is an enective way to do it. Some
means must be found. The means is
this: Coughing must be used; it must
not be abused.
A cough that raises phlegm is all
right. A cough that raises no phlegm
is all wrong. But on a practical basis,
what can be done? In the popular
mind coughs are rending the air like
gatling guns. The fact is that cough
ing is infrequently heard. The reason?
Patients in sanitaria know how to re
press useless coughing by will power.
Some people cough when their feet
get cold. They must keep their feet
warm with warm socks and hot water
bottles. Some cough at night if their
backs get cold. The remedy is a
warmer, snugger bed. In some a long
palate causes coughs. A little opera
tion will remedy matters.
The third admonition is that the
voice is not abused by excessive talk
ing or violent laughing. Have you
ever noticed the coughing in a theater
during comedy, especially farce com
edy? The next is that no tobacco or alco
hol be used. And the last is that the
consumptive have his nose and throat
examined periodically, and if any trou
ble be found have it attended to.
Manner of Sleeping.
Mrs. M. H. writes: "Two normally
healthy persons sleeping in the same
roorii sleep with plenty of covers. The
foot of the bed is towards the window.
Is there any danger of taking cold in
having the window open from the top
and bottom, even though the air strikes
the bed directly? Also if a person is
susceptible to colds, is there any dan
ger of one's contracting pneumonia
or kindred disease by sleeping in this
manner? By this I don't mean a very
delicate person, but one who is usually
No. to each question.
Pains In Stomach-
W. T., of Indiana, writes: T am
troubled with pains in pit of stomach,
following each meal. What would you
advise as an efficient treatment?"
Pain in the pit ot the stomach after eat
ing swge&lE three diseases cancer of the
stomach, ulcer of tha stomach, and neu
ralgia of the stomach. Before you can de
cide on treatment you must know which
of these diseases you have.
May Be Form of Ecsenuv,
M. C. S. writes: "I am 18 years old
and have discovered my navel Is slight
ly inllamed, is very painful, and the
pus is offensive. What" can be" the.
cause and what should I do? I have
bathed it and used boVacic acid pow
der, but it stays -sore, and I'm 'uneasy.
Please answer this."
It is difficult to clean tho navel and keep
it clean Ey reason of this fact the navel
is frequently the seat of a form of eczema
and not inf reo.uer.tiy it is infected. Ia your
case clean weli every day with fresh, clean
vaseline. Then dust "with any 'one of tho
iodine or bismuth dusting powders. If you
will eive the sore daily attention you will
effect a cure.
Fruit Before Breakfast.
M. E. B. writes:. "Will you kindly
print in your column the best time to
eat apples and grapes for a person
who desires to get rid of constipation?"
Any time Is a good time. Before break
fast is best.
A subscriber writes: "When the
hemoglobin is only 45 per cent does it
indicate a serious condition, and just
what is meant? Would this cause
It means you havo a severe anemia If
the anemia is ot the pernicious anemia type
the condition is very serious. If It is sec
ondary to some illness it is less serious.
If the anemia is of the chlorosis type it Is
still less serious.
Not Said By Cabinet Member.
POMEROY, Wash., Oct. SO. (To the
Editor.) In The Oregonian, October
27, page 1, column 1. a headline runs:
"Lansdowne Admits Gallipolt Venture
Page 2. column 2, has a portrait of
"Lord Lansdowne, who tells British
peers that . . . . Dardanelles ven
The report of the speech does not
justify this statement. It says: -'We
are disappointed in the Dardanelles en
terprise," the Earl continued. The
"Earl" is Earl Loreburn, to whom Lord
Lansdowne was replying. Lord Lans
downe is a Marquis.
As you cannot wish to mislead your
readers, I trust you will publish a cor
rection. ' ROBERT GONNEL.
Picking Up Experience
Usually when we pick up a little
experience we drop a tew dollars
as we stoop over.
Thinking in advance, sometimes
saves this unfair exchange.
A wise man keeps a strangle
hold on his dollar until he knows
what he is going to get for it.
This same wise man is a reader
of newspaper advertising because
jt gives him information."
He does not buy hit or miss from
Smith if Brown has an article bet
ter suited to bis needs.
He likes the satisfaction of a
fnll money's worth when he goes