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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 2, 1915)
VOL. LV.-XO. 17,142.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SHOOT OVER BORDER
One on Arizona Soil Is
WARNING ENDS FUSILLADE
Villa Begins General Attack
on Agua Prieta.
SHELLS BURST ON U. S. SIDE
(Heavy Artillery Fire Is Opened
on Garrison of General Calles,
' - but It Dies Down Later
When Men Entrench. "
DOl'GLAS, Arlx., Nov. 1. Corporal
J ones, of Company G, Seventh Infantry,
late tonight wai snot through both
thighs by a Carranza soldier, who
leaped from his trench at Agiu Prieta,
shouting "Viva Carranza,' and fired
six shots at Jones, who hii on patrol
ear the boundary In the rear of the
custom-house. The American soldier Is
not seriously wounded.
DEALINGS WITH TURKEY ARE
REGARDED AS STUPID.
IS LAID TO BERLIN
Rejection of Roumanta's Offer and
Delay in Landing Army in Sa
loniki Bitterly Criticised.
PETROGRAD. via London. .Nov. 1.
Professor Pilenko, of the chair of inter
national law in Petrograd University
and of the aristocratic Alexander Ly
ceum of Law, in an article in the Novoe
Vremya today subjects the diplomacy
of .the entente allies in the Balkans to
Altogether, says Professor Pilenko, the
situation has grown worse during the
past 14 months. Turkey at first pre
tended to bs neutral and the Russian
government accepted her assurances.
The writer declares that an examina
tion of the. Russian orange book; re
veals inexplicable blindness to the
actual facts. It is full of complaints
of Turkish duplicity, but fails to regis
ter a single dispatch before the out
break o the Russo-Turkish War that
war was admitted to be Inevitable.
A year ago, says Professor Pilenko,
Roumania offered conditions for her
adhesion to the cause of the entente
allies, but these conditions were re
jected. Professor Pilenko says be
wonders If they would be rejected now.
As to Greece, Professor Pilenko
sharply observes that the entente allies
could have landed at Salonikl a year
ago as easily as now, and says the
situation would have been altogether
different If they had done so.
'PEACE PLANS' ARE DENIED
Spanish Premier Says Official In
formation Is Lacking.
Chinese Revolt Is Plan,
JAPAN WOULD BE DIVERTED
To Stop Munition Exports to
Czar, Alleged to Be Hope.
REPUBLIC'S END INDICATED
DOUGLAS, Ariz., Nov. 1. What ap
peared to be a general attack on Agua
Prieta began at 6:40 o'clock tonight,
when the Villa forces began a heavy
tiring from all sides and advanced on
The tiring ceased when the Villa
troops had reached fpie wire entangle
ments on the east sfde of Agua Prieta
and began to dig trenches.
Cheers Accompany Shots.
Meanwhile the Carranza garrison
was sweeping from all sides of the
town with rifles and machine grun vol
leys, guldedby searchlights. Although
it is believed the volleys went over the
heads of the Villa forces, cheers rang
out in the Carranza trenches as every
volley was tired.
General Villa delivered his long-expected
attack on tbe Carranza garri
son of Agua Prieta late today and
within two hours -arfter fhetirst gun
.was fired machine gun bullets and
shell fragments showered over Ameri
can territory, seriously wounding Louis
l' Taylor, a restaurant waiter, and en
dangering scores of American soldiers
in trenches south of the United States
Army camp two miles east of Douglas.
Bullets Fly Anionic Civilians.
Taylor was shot down In front of
the United States custom-house, where
more than 70 machine gun bullets sped
among a throng of soldiers and Mex
ican women and children who were
coming across the line. The bullet
struck him in the middle of the back
as he turned to run to cover, and his
spine was seriously injured, paralyzing
him almost completely. Shells and
fragments of shells fell near Douglas
General Thomas F. Davis, command
ing the 6000 American troops on duty
at the border, promptly warned the
commanders of both Mexican factions
to change the direction of their fire.
and citizens on the American side were
not endangered thereafter.
Nightfall Brtna-a Lull.
Nightfall brought a lull In the com
bat, but Villa artillery, tiring successive
salvos, played on the defenses of the
Mexican town, with the apparent in
tention of shattering the barbed-wire
entanglements, and exploding the
trenches preparatory to a rush on the
garrison of General Calles.
Three houses on the west side of
Agua Prieta were blown up by shells.
and, according to Carranza reports, on
man was killed and eight other per
sons wounded, including one woman.
One of Villa's wounded was? brought
to Douglas for treatment. Two others
were seen to fall when a shrapnel shell
burst over them. What further losses
he sustained among his men could nst
be ascertained. A shell burst on one
of his Meld pieces, however, putting
the gun out of action.
Americans Diss no Villa Men.
General Calles began exploding mines
to the eastward at S o'clock tonight.
With four Fhells and a brief dis
charge of rapid firers. Villa forces drew
n new fusillade from the Carranza
trenches at 9:53 and at 10 o'clock to
night. Calles reported his losses today at 2
killed and 2 4 wounded. He claimed the
dash of the Villa troops to the Agua
1'rleta barbed-wire entanglements had
been repulsed with a loss of at least
200 to the Villa troops.
American border guards reported
that a party of Villa troops caught on
the American side had been disarmed.
This was unconfirmed at Bridge
A heavy provost guard, however, was
closely watching a large number of
Mexicans on the American side. Hun
dreds of women and children refugees
from Agua Prieta are-suffering here
from hunger and cold tonight, for pro
visions promised by General Calle:
have not yet arrived.
Spectators Throne Housetops.
Despite warning and advice of United
States military officers, the roofs ' of
Douglas houses and. the streets open
tng on the border line were thronged.
Four babies were born on two of the
troop trains which today brought re
inforcements to the Agua Prieta garrl
son via Eagle Pass and I .a re do. Two of
the babies were twins. The mothers
accompanied their husbands into the
MADRID, via. Paris, Nov. 1. Premier
Dato said today he had no official In
formation, concerning the report that
Prince von Buelow, ex-German Chan
cellor, would come to Madrid to pre
sent to King Alfonso an outline of
conditions on which Germany might
be willing to consider peace negotiations.
The Overseas News Agency of Berlin
made, denial . yesterday . of the report
that Prince von Buelow bad been en
trusted with preparations of peace ne
Reports to Washington Say : Deci
sion to Change May Be Announced
' Before End of Year Pekln .
JTot to Accept Toklo's Advice.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 1. Information
received here from otnical sources in
China make It appear that the triumph
of' the monarchical idea in the elec
tions now la. progress in China is al
most certain. A change in the form
of government may be announced be
fore the end of the year.
State Department advices are to the
effect that elections are in progress
in about 1800 counties, where the. elec
tors are choosing delegates to pro
vlnclal conventions in the local capi
tals. These conventions will select
delegates to meet as a national con
vention in Pekln.
WINDOW GLASS ORDERS BIG
Export Business Developing as Re
sult of Shutdown in Belgium.
. - . ,
PITTSBURG, Nov. 1. Approximately
5000 workmen in the hand window-
glass factories of Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Indiana, Kansas and Oklahoma started
work today after the usual . mid-year
snutaown at an advance of 3 per
Orders were said by manufacturers
to be abundant and, while export bus!
ness was developing slowly, it was ex
pected to increase steadily because of
the large number of . Belgian factories
that have made no glass since the be
ginning of the war.
MORE BRITISH GOLD HERE
Total Receipts Since January 1 An.
nonnced as $321,000,000.
NEW TORK. Nov. 1. British sover
eigns amounting to $2, 225.000 gold,
which were shipped on the steamer
New York from London to the Guaranty
Trust Company, were deposited at the
Assay Office today. Another ship
ment totalling $1,000,000 Is expected to
be deposited later.
The grand total of more than $321,-
000,000 gold has been received here
from all sources in the present move
ment since January 1 last, it was de'
clared here today.
DIVORCE CASES HELD UP
Xo Actions to Be Permitted. Against
British Soldiers at Front.
lo.nuon. Aov. 1. Divorce cases
against officers and men serving at
the front will, have to stand over until
they return to Great Britain. Such was
the decision of Justice Sir Henry Bar
grave Dean when asked for leave to
serve a divorce petition upon an off!
cer on the fighting line.
'It Is not in the interests of the na
tion." says the court, "for men to hav
their minds diverted from their duties
by such matters."
INDEX OFJODAY'S NEWS
The -object of the national conven
tion primarily was to pass upon the
work of the council or state, which has
been revising- the Chinese constitution.
As an afterthought, the central gov
eminent decided to submit the ques
tion of the re-establishment of the
monarchy. It Is expected that the work
of the local convention will be finished
by November 20. The national citizens
convention will meet at Pekln imme
diately to determine the fate of the
The "Washington Government has de
elded to refrain from any action at this
stage and has so informed the diplo
matic representatives of Great Britain
Japan and Russia, who feared another
revolution ..in China as the result of
the overthrow of the republic.
Allies Communicate Separately.
An official account of the communi
cation recently made by the Japanese.
British and Russian diplomatic repre
sentatives, to the Chinese minister of
foreign affairs has just reached Wash
ington by cable. In substance the ac
count follows: .
"The representatives of England,
Japan and Russia made separate rep
resentations to the Chinese foreign
minister, pointing out that the procla
mation of a monarchy might lead to
disorders of the strong Kepuoiicau
party. They said that if disorder oc
curred foreign interests would inevita
bly suffer, especially the missionary In
terests, and consequently they hoped
that while the European war lasted no
change would be made in the name or
the title of the Chinese government.
Republic Regarded Safest.
They fully recognize the fact that
".The Wemther. .
YESTERDAY'S' Maximum temperature. S
V degrees; minimum, -4 decrees..
TODAY'S Rain; variable winds becoming
General French reports great - success doe
lo new weapons. .
American aviators - heroic in " service for
i'rtrnch. Paso 8.
Shots fly across border as Villa forces at-
taca Agua prieta.. rage 1.
Entente representatives accuse Germany of
agitating Chinese monarchy. Fuse 1. .
Federal monthly "bulletin shows business
conditions on Coast to be encoura gins
Page 13. ; . - ... -
Senator Chamberlain arranges to draft de-
Tense bills, page 2. .....
Arizona anti-alien - labor law is killed by
united States Supreme Court. Page 2.
American Trans-Atlantic Steamship Com
pany protests at seizure of Hocking by
British. Page 1.
Herman Kidder, prominent newspaper -pub
lisher, dies suddenly. Page 6.
Suffrage is main lesue in . New York elec
tion today; Pago tf.
Physical examination requirement . In ' Ia-
Follette seamen's -law .threatens ' to par
alyze shipping-. Page 1.
Ward, Stumpf and Bates may jump to Feds.
Spellman and MonteJth, Oregon players, sut
ler with water on knee. Page u.
Oregon now has 101 standard high schools.
says buperlntendent Churchill. Page .
Commercial and' Marine.
Shortage in Eastern onlou' crop ' lifts prices
in Oregon. Page li.
Largest hog run of year at Portland Stock
yards, page it.
Chicago wheat hipher on active export de
maud. Page IT.
Railway stocks are strong feature of Wall
street maraet. page 17.
Action of Mitsui A Co. may lead to regular
steamer line to Orient. Page 14.
Portland and-Vicinity. '
First session sees 546,000 cut from ten
tative school budget. Page 1.
Mr. Bigelow angry at suggestion he pro
tected friend on force. , Page 7.
Alleged adventurer, in Jail, charges plot in
"is repiy to divorce suit. rage n.
State rests cate in arson trial. Page 18.
Increase in telegraph traffic indicates gen
eral business improvement, aays visiting
western Union official. Page 11.
Railway employes to make merry at big
. snow today. Page 11.
County "advisory budget committee . elects
J. - is. xeai' chairman. - Page T.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 1
Chief HeaJey, of ' Chicago 4 police force.
praises Portland system. Page 5. '
Schedule of tolls to be -charged on new
Interstate bridge Is announced. page 14.
Portland ministers come out boldly for old
bunday blue law. Page 14.
010 45 OF 2000
SEAMEN PASS TEST
Mondays War Moves
Sailors Unable to Qualify on
SHIPPERS FACE BIG LOSS
MR. BENSON SENDS CHECK
(Concluded on Pace 3. Column 1.)
Portland Man Pays Out $13,758.05
to Hood River County.
In -accordance with his' agreement
with Hood River County, made before
that county voted the $75,000- bond issue
that he would defray the' expense in
curred by the building: of the Columbia
River Highway in Hood River County
above the amount of the bond issue, S.
Benson, yesterday through his attor
ney, sent to the judge of Hood River
County a check for $3753.05.
Only a few days before another
check had been sent the : Hood River
County officials amounting- to $10,000,
so to. date Mr. Benson 'has paid $13,
753. 05, : representing the . excess of the
contract price above the $76,000 bond
RUSSIANS LAND AT VARNA
London Has Report of " Arrival of
Troops in Bulgaria.
LONDON. Nov. 1. A dispatch to the
Times from Bucherest says: ;
'It is reported in naval quarters tha
Russian . troops were landed at Varna
in Bulgaria on the Black Sea Friday,
LEA MADE TO SUSPEND LAW
San Francisco Collet-tor Says Ves.
sels With 1-K8 Than 4 0 Per Cent
of Qualified Crew Will Not
Be Allowed to Depart.
HE Germans have occupied Kragu-
tz, the arsenal town of Serbia,
while their Bulgarian allies are push-
g- their way through the mountains
to Nish, Serbia's war capital.
From all sides the Germans, Aus-
trlans and' Bulgarians are slowly clos
ing: in on the Serbian armies, the po
sition of which grows graver daily.
They are fighting fiercely, however, to
save their country and have inflicted j
such losses on Field Marshal von
Mackensen's forces that he has been
compelled to send for reinforcements
and leave the more' serious work, of
invading tbe east and southern part of
the country to the Bulgarians, who
have had more experience in mountain
warfare, such as the Serbians are
1-rom the junction of the Danube and
Timok rivers in the northeast, to Us
kup in the south, the Bulgarians are
moving westward, driving tbe Serbians
out of the towns, into the mountains,
but from Uskup southward they have
been checked, as the Serbians in that
territory have been reinforced by the
French and British with modern guns
and with gunners who gained valu
able experience In France and Gal-
Beyond the forces landed at Saloniki,
which German estimate places at 70,
000 men, there is no- news of further
assistance being rent by the allies to
FROM SCHOOL LIST
Only 2 Proposed Build-
ings tscape Knite.
Vacuum Cleaners Listed at
$35,500 Vanish at Stroke.
BOND ISSUE IS SUGGESTED
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 1. (Special.)
Only 45 out of a total of more than
000 American seamen in this port
who- come under the strict require
ments of the La. Follette seaman's act
had qualified before the local Federal
steamship inspectors up to the closing
or o trice hours tonight.
Unless an order comes from Wash
ington setting aside the letter of the
law. and. making it flexible in many
respects, San Francisco shipping In
terests fear that vessels scheduled to
depart on the day the law goes into
effect will be held in port for want
of clearance at the Custom-House.
Snips Be Held t'v.
Collector of Customs J. O. Davis said
yesterday that no vessel which did not
have 40 per cent of Its crew list quail
fled under the new law would receive
San Francisco shipping men yester
day manifested a "pertinent interest In
the new law in that it possibly meant
the holding up of vessels at a large
pecuniary loss because seamen could
not qualify for service.
While more than 350 able seamen
had qualified bef ore .the local inspectors
yesterday as to profession examina
tion, the stickler came in passing the
physical examination before the medi
cal examiners in the United States
Marine Hospital. ......
'r-lKr Ships Have .UvasUgc
fahlppmg men who foresee the
pecuniary loss that will follow to them
unless the seamen's law is in a large
measure suspended kept the wires hot
with the Department of Commerce in
Washington today. ' It was reasoned
that if their vessels were not permitted
to clear because of their inability to
secure at least 40 per cent of the
crew as able seamen, many American
vessels both deep sea and coastwise
would be unable to clear out of this
port for an indefinite time, while
foreign ships, over which the new law
has no jurisdiction, would come and
go as usual.
Supervising Inspector of Steamships
John K. Bulger, who returned from the
East today, admitted that his depart
ment was up against an unusual situa
tion and that they would do the best
they could under the circumstances.
In his office it was admitted that the
Department of Commerce had apparent-
- Russian transports have been re
ported off Varna, but the report lacks
confirmation. There is, however, evl
dence- In dispatches from Bucharest
that the people of Roumania at least
desire Intervention and that pressure
is being brought on the King and Cabl
net to induce them to Join the allies
and permit a Russian force to pass
through Roumanian territory to at-
tack Bulgaria from the east. Greece
continues her friendly neutrality.
The Germans, having failed in two
months of almost incessant attacks to
reach Riga and Dvinsk . by various
routes, are now trying along the rail
way which skirts tbe shores of the Gulf
of Riga from Tukum and have, accord
ing to their reports, reached a point
west of Schlok-. ..This is only 'a slight
advance, and much low ground over
which it is difficult to move lies be
tween them and their objective.
In' tbe. Dvlnsk sector both to the
west and southwest' of that city, the
Russians have begun an offensive, ap
parently In anticipation of renewed at-
tacks by the Germans and they are also
on the move 'in the lake -district east of
the Dvinsk-Vilna Railway and in Vol
hynla and Galicia. The result of these
various battles has" not been disclosed,
if, indeed, they are concluded. Those at
the southern end of the line are doubt
less designed to prevent the German
and Austrians from sending reinforce
ments to Serbia'.
In ' France the battle for the Butte
De Tahure which the Germans recap
tured from the French is still in prog
ress without changing the positions o
the two armies. There has been som
fighting at other points in the west.
Whayt the attacks on this front h
cost is shown by a. report issued by
Field Marshal Sir John French. He say
that the published lists of the German
casualties disclose that seven German
battalions which took part in the Loos
fighting, presumably a German counte
attack, lost 80 per cent of their strength.
(Concluded on Pago 6, Column 4.)
SEE WHAT VILLA IS UP AGAINST NOW!
CAPTIVES FED FROM HOME
British Send Food to Germany and
Shortage. Thought Serious.
LONDON; Nov. 1. Travelers arriving
from Scandinavia, say reports are cur
rent there that the British government
is now supplying food to British pris
oners in Germany.
The report aroused interest in of
ficial circles, where the opinion was
expressed that Germany might be mak
ing overtures through the United States
for some such arrangement. The be
lief is growing here that the shortage
of food in Germany is becoming serious.
MURD0CK TO REPORT WAR
Ex-Representative to Go to Europe
as Correspondent for Own Paper. '
WICHITA. Kan.. Nov. 1. Victor Mur
dock. ex-Representative in Congress
from Kunsas and chairman of the Na
tional Progressive Committee.- win go
to Europe as a war correspondent.
He will report the war for an East
ern publication and for his own paper
in Wichita, sailing for France about
the middle of November. ....
OREGON MAN WAR VICTIM
Lawrence A. Nixon, of Silverton,
" Dies of Wounds.
OTTAWA, Ont.. Nov. 1. Four resi
dents of the United States are includ
in the casualty list of the Canadian
contingent, issued by the military de
partment tonight. Stanley Sherida
Sprug, Washington, D. C, was killed i
Walter Van Atta, Des Moines, la., and
Lance Corporal Lawrence A. Nixon, Sil
verton. Or., died of wounds.
Barle Merritt Phillips, Hoosick Fall
N. Y., was wounded.
ROUND PROVISION SLASHED
QUARANTINE PUT ON DOGS
TCabid Coyotes Reported to Be I
SACRAMENTO. Cal.. Nov. 1. The
State Board of Health today placed a
quarantine on all dogs In Modoc Coun
ty, due to the numerous cases reported
from that county of rabid coyotes run
ning at large.
The State Board of Health has de
layed quarantining Modoc County until
a few days ago as none of be rabid
coyotes had crossed the state line, al
though many cases were reported from
the Oregon side.
"F" BOATS FIND SEA ROUGH
Cruiser Convoy Reports Klotllla Re
. larded by Weather.
. .HONOLULU. T.. IT., Nov. 1. High
winds and heavy seas are delaying the
progress of the three "F" submarines,
which left here last Friday for San
Francisco, according to a radio mes
sage received today from . the cruiser
Maryland, their convoy.
According to the message, the flotilla
probably will ' not -each San Fran
cisco until November 15.
CESSION OFFER , DENIED
No Territory to Be Given Italy,- Now
' or Later, Austria Avers.
BERLIN, Nov. 1. by wireless to Tuck
erton, N. J. A dispatch under a Vienna
date, given out today by the Overseas
News Agency, says:
' "Competent authorities deny as ab
solutely mendacious . rumors spread
abroad to the effect that Austro-Hun-g-ary
is ready to make territorial con-
. i cessions to Italy, to take effect now or
4 I later." . ' - - -
Sl'embers of Advisory Conunitte
Protest Against Kxtravagance
In Vocational Training and
Assumption of Paternalism.
Approximately $546,000 was slashed
from the proposed school budget yes
terday when the members of the Board
and the members of the committer
from the Taxpayers' League assembled
at School Board headquarters to 'con
sider the 191S school budget. A little
more than one-third of the items in
the budget were considered, and it
will be necessary to have at least one
more joint meeting before the budget
The greatest cutting was done in the
matter of new buildings and the pur
chase of new grounds. Only two . of
the schools that were listed for new
buildings in the tentative schedule es
caped the knife of the joint committee.
These were Franklin High and Benson
Polytechnic. The appropriation for
Terwilliger, listed at $30,000. was cut
to $16,000, and the other districts of
the city that were clamoring for new
buildings, Nicholson (now Hawthorne),
Hoffman and East St. Johns), we.-
eliminated, thereby saving for the dis
trict a total of. $349,000. Capitol liiU
that for'" the past' three years has
housed Its school children In portables
was allowed an appropriation of $10,
000 for a new building. -Tills figure
was not included In the original bud
get, compiled by the School Clerk.
G round A I lews aces Pruned.
. Eighty-one thousand dollars was
struck from the proposed figures in tha
purchase of new school grounds. Eliot,
with $40,000; Holman, with $16,000. anJ
Woodstock, with $10,000. were trie only
appropriations made for the purchase
of school property.
The biggest item under the head of
"betterments" to receive the ax was
the -purchase of vacuum cleaners for
the schools of the district. Thirty-five
thousand dollars was the figure listed
as the purchase price.
When the members of the Taxpayers'
League, Leo Friede. Dr.' A. J. Giesy and
C. H. Labbe, who represented that or
ganization in the meeting yesterday,
convened with the School Board, posi
tive opinions were voiced as to the ex
cess to which the district was going
in the matter of the provision of voca
Paternalism" Is Criticised.
"Where is the limit of all the good
things that we are going to j?ive the
(public?" protested Leo Friede. one of
the members of the committee. He de
clared that from an education al stand
point the Board was right in appro
priating so much money for expendi
ture on sewing and cooking courses,
but from an economic view it was not
proper that the district Bhould provide
for so much of the education that
should be the product of home train
ing. "It seems to me that we are get
ting too paternalistic when we teach
everyone who wants to learn to cook
and sew," he declared.
IJr. A. J. Giesy, another member-of
the committee, was also emphatic in-his
assertions that. the school district w.is
providing the education easily that
should come from home and should be
gained, with somo difficulty attached
to its attainment. "We must not lose
sight of the fact that when effort is
eliminated success is proportionately
decreased," said Dr. Giesy.
M r. Loclmood Opposes Cot.
S. P. Lockwood, a member of the
Board, thought that although it was
evident too much of the burden of edu
cation along domestic tin was lel't
to the school district, he did not beJ
lleve it would be advisable to make any
substantial cut - In the appropriations
for the continuance of domestic science
Mr. Friede asked if it would be ad
visable to concentrate all that in one
center to minimize. the expense. There
are now . 16 fully equipped schools
where domestic science and sewinffare
taught and 'four demonstration centers.
There are 63 schools in the district.
The members of the Board and the
committee from the Taxpayers' League '
will go this morning to the grounds of
the proposed Benson Polytechnic to
make a better estimate of the amount
needed for the improvement there.
Bend Issve Suggested.
One item in the budget that some .
of the committeemen and Board mem
bers wish to cover by a bond issue, so
left for further consideration, was the
Item listed "streets, sidewalks and
sewers." This amounted to $3$, 465. It
is the opinion of tie school clerk that
a bond Issue to- cover that amount
would be inadvisable, as the time for
expenditure is so uncertain, so the fate
of that item remains unsettled. ,
Another item not included in the
proposed figures was one for $3000 al
lowed tor the sealing up and fire-
tCouctudtiii on fage 7, Column 1.)
lK3 1 10.0