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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 7, 1915)
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VOL.. L.V. NO. 17,1 20. . PORTT.An nRFr.nv Ttn'wun s-kVttit - " :
GREAT CRISIS IS
King of Greece Holds Bal
ance for Hour,
GERMANIC FLAN UNFOLDING
Open Way From Berlin and
Vienna to Constantinople
. Is Hope of Empires. .
GRAVITY SEEN BY ALLIES
Roumania, Ruled by Hohen
zollern Prince, Believed
to Be Still Neutral.
LONDON, Oct. 6. Even the great
est battles of the war may prove
to have had. less weight in deciding
the future of Europe than the events
of the past few days in the southeast
King Constantine of Greece,
brother-in-law of the German Emper
or, appears to hold the balance of
power of the Near East in his hand
for the hour. In the second crisis,
where Greece seemed on the brink of
entering the war by the side of the
entente powers, he has virtually dis
missed the foremost Greek statesman,
Eleutherios Venizelos, from the Pre
miership and has asserted personal
control of the government.
Bulgaria Defies Russia.
King Ferdinand of Bulgaria has re
jected Russia's ultimatum demanding
that she break with the central pow
ers and expel German officers who
have taken charge of Bulgaria's army
staff and, at the same time, according
to several correspondents, has sent an
ultimatum to Serbia, allowing a 24
hour limit for the cession of Mace
donia to Bulgaria.
The programme of the Germanic
empires apparently includes the con
solidation of their field operations
with their Turkish allies by sweeping
clear a channel from Berlin and Vi
enna to Constantinople. For the ac
complishment of this programme they
have already secured the co-operation
of Bulgaria. They need the neutral
ity of Greece and Roumania and then
must crush Serbia.
German Guarantees Confirmed.
Today's developments tend to con
firm the statements of the German
press that the German Emperor has
guaranteed to Bulgaria both Greek
and Roumanian neutrality. Thus the
crucial field of warfare has shifted
from the French and Russian fronts to
the Balkan peninsula, where German
success would mean the realization of
Emperor William's ambitions to ex
pansion toward India and Asia.
The people of the entente nations
fully appreciate the momentousness
of the crisis. The British newspapers
impress on the public that if the Ger
man Emperor has secured the friendly
neutrality of the King of Greece,
enormous, military -efforts will be
needed to check the combined German
and Austrian advance toward a junc
tion with the Turks and Bulgars.
Greek Premier Dismissed.
The French and British expedition
may have completed the landing at
Saloniki, but if Greek support against
Bulgaria cannot be counted on heavy
reinforcements will be needed.
While technically King Constantine
accepted the resignation of M. Venize
los, his action amounted to dismissal
of the Premier. The Greek Chamber
had approved the Premier's merely
formal protest against the allies' land
ing on Greek soil and his declaration
that Greece was bound by the treaty
and vital interests to go to Serbia's
aid without waiting for a declaration
of war by Bulgaria by a majority of
40 in a house of 257, of whom 13
abstained from voting.
Coalition Cabinet Probable.
The majority may have appeared
not a large one for committing the
country to war and thus the King may
have felt justified in informing the
Premier that he could not pursue the
Cabinet's policy to the end. A coali
tion Cabinet, without M. Venizelos,
will probably be formed, with either
ICoauludtid on Vags Column 1.)
NEW PLANET AND
3 COMETS FOUND
SPAIN, AND .USOE.VTIXA COS
TRIBUTE TO CELESTlAIi LOltE.
American Astronomer Working in
Southern Hemisphere Also Meas
ures 300 Double Stars.
' BABCELOSA, Spain via. Paris. Oct. .
Professor - Solal, director of the ob
servatory at Barcelona University has
announced that he discovered on Sep
tember 15 a new planet in the -Pisces
The planet has a rather rapid retro
grade movement Professor Solai Is
studying it carefully and hopes soon to
be able to give further, details regard
ing: his discovery.
NEW YORK. Oct. 6. .Three new com
ets, one of which is said to be remark
able because of its distance from the
sun, have been discovered by Professor
William J. Hussey, director of the Uni
versity of Michigan observatory, who
arrived today from La Plata, Argen
tina, where he has been engaged for
two years in a series of special obser
vations at the National Observatory.
Professor Hussey was assisted by local
Profesor Hussey said that 300 stars
formerly believed to be single were
discovered to be double stars, and that
the measurements have been carefully
EYE RESTLESS; AUTOS HIT
DriTer Is Accused of Paying Too
Much Attention to Fair Companion.
Accused by the arresting officers of
paying too much attention to his com
panion In the automobile and too little
to the road. Lewis Kelly, aged 19.' who
was arrested Tuesday night after he
had collided with the machine of Mrs.
M. Burresa, which was parked at 302
Going street, was fined $10 for reckless
driving by Municipal Judge Stevenson
Kelly was driving the automobile of
Lieutenant Kenneth P. Williams.
United States Army, and was taken
lnto-custody by Police- Sergeant West
and Patrolman Griffith. His compan
ion was reported to be Miss Lulu
GAFFNEY'S RESIGNATION IN
Acceptance Sent by Cable to Consul
Gcneral at Munich.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 6 The resigna
tion of T. St. John Gaffney. American
Consul-General, at Munich, requested
by the State Department because of un
neutral utterances, was received today
and accepted by cable.
Accompanying the resignation was a
cablegram bearing the names of about
a -.half dozen American residents of
Munich, who said that Mr. Gaffney had
performed his duties in a manner
which, as far as they could see, was
satisfactory. Mr. Gaffney's successor
has not been named.
EMPEROR IS REPORTED ILL
Condition of Francis Joseph Said in
Rome to Be Grave.
ROME, via Prris, Oct. S. It is said
on good authority here that Emperor
Francis Joseph of Austria Is dangerous
ly ill and that the Crown Prince has
been called to Vienna.
Baron von TJurian, the Austro-Hun-garian
Foreign Minister, and Count
Tisza, the Hungarian Premi . also have
been called to the capital.
The news, it is said, has been kept
secret up to this time for fear of the
Influence it might have on the inter
LIMIT PUT ON PASSPORTS
Refusal to Mormons Includes All
Missionaries in General.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 6. Explaining
today tlie State Department's recent re
fusal to issue passports to several
Mormons who desired to go to England
and other European countries for mis
sionary work. Department officials
said no passports were being- granted
missionaries of any faith for work in
The- Department's policy Is to grant
passports to countries in the war zone
only to those persons traveling- on im
CITY GOVERNMENT COSTLY
Portland Pays Out $5.72 a Minute
for Municipal Operation.
To conduct Portland commission gov-j
eminent costs $5.72 a minute every
minute in the year, according to an
unusual tabulation worked out by &
municipal employe. Every time the J
clock finishes ticking off 60 seconds the!
city has plunked down $3.72. This
goes on every minute in the year.
The total cost of the 'government is
a trifle more than $3,000,000. This, the
accountant's figures shows, means an
expenditure of 157,692 a week, JS244 a
day. $343 an hour, or $5.72 a minute.
AUSTRIA OPENS NEW LOAN
Third Bond Issue to Be .Made for
AMSTERDAM, via london. Oct. 6 !
The third " Austrian war loan of an I
indefinite amount will be opened for!
subscriptions from October 7 until No-
vember 6, a dispatch received here from !
Vianna says. 1
The loan wtll be issued. It is added, i
at 93.60. bear Interest at per cent, j
and will be repayable in 13S0. . i
RESPECT OF WORLD
TO BE COMMANDED
Wilson Voices Desire
to Advisory Board.
"FOR DEFENSE" IS HIS SLOGAN
'Very Adequate Preparation'
Wanted, Says President.
MODERN BIG GUN VIEWED
Scientists Visit Proving Uronnda
After Addresses at Capitol ajid
Mr. Edison Spends Time Kx
9 aminlng Wireless Plant.
WASHINGTON'. Oct. 6. President
Wilson, at the initial fathering- of the
new naval advisory board, announced
himself today In favor of having the
United States adequately prepared "to
command the respect of other nations
for our rights."
Later it became known that the Pres
ident plans to make "for defense" the
slogan of his advocacy of a stronger
Array and Navy, and will outline his
views more specifically before the
convening of Congress.
The President addressed the mem
bers of the advisory board at the
White House, congratulating them n
beginning their work. Previously the
board had met at the Navy Depart
ment, with Thomas Edison presiding;.
and listened to an address by Secretary
Modern Guns Sees In Actios.
Later they took a trip down the
Potomac River on the Presidential
yacht Mayflower to the Indian Head
One of the sights witnessed there
was the firing of the Navy's most mod
ern weapon, a 14-inch. SO-caliber gun.
A newly designed machine rifle was
also brought into action..
The Mayflower hardly had gotten
under way when Mr. Edison discovered
the wireless plant, which held- -hla at
tention for the remainder of the trip.
He expressed a desire to "speak" with
the powerful station at Arlington. Va.
This message was sent to Captain Bul
lard, superintendent of the Naval radio
"Congratulations on your big Arling
ton plant. I have heard the small and
larg sets seated in the wireless room
of the Mayflower, and they are great."
Urbanization Plan Bdo.
in a few minutes the following re
ply was flashed back:
"My compliments to Mr. Edison and
members of the Naval Advisory Board,
by this message. ' transmitted on the
100-kilowatt spark set."
Tonight the members of the board
held their second meeting in Secretary
Daniels' office, and plans for organiza
tion were taken under advisement.
Another session will be held tomorrow.
"I think the whole Nation is con
vinced that we ought to be prepared,
not for war, but for defense, and very
(Concluded on Page 2, column 2.)
j j'b j
. - -
, . . ,., . v.j.x.. luu. PK1CK FIVE CENTS.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTETtDAT'S Maximum temperature.
degreri; minimum. 45 deffr?.
TODAY S Fair; easterly winds.
French will continue landing troops In
lireece. Pag, 2.
Bulgaria Intent on recoverlnr ground lost by
treaty of Bucharest. Pass
Momentous crisis near In Balkans. Pas 1.
Astronomers discover-new planet and three
new . coraets. Page 1
McAdoo proposes- to continue, sugar dut
and emergency revenue tax to meet "" .
ot revenue. Pagu i Va
Major-General Qotehals wlthdr o .ui
tlon and returns, to i al Canal.
Pago 1. ' J
President advocates Navy t will "com
mand respect" of other nations. Page ...
Engagement of president Wilson and Wash
ington - widow announced. Pago 1.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.. promises to visit
miners again soon. . Pago 3.
War stocks, slump, heavily on 'Changs.
. . . . Sport.
Pacific Coast Learue results: Salt Lake .
. Portland 2: Oakland 5. Los Angeles 1:
San Francisco 4. Vernon 3. Page 12.
Phillies closo sesson-by winning-two games
from Brooklyn Pago 12.
Alexander will "pitch first time, of world's
series tomorrow. " Page 13.
JelTerson Ktgh defeats Portland ' Academy
eleven- by 9 to 3. Page 12.
' Pacific Northwest.
Plans for $300,000 flax mill near Oregon City
announced.' Pags 5.
Or. J. E. Ferguson, of Hood River, is found
dead by own hand. Page 6.
W. -. T. U. convention at Newberg re-elects
officers, page 6.
Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern wheat advances on. Eastern
and California buying. Page 17.
Wall-street operators cause Chicago wheat
prices to soar. Page 17.
War shares break sharply under heavy sell
ing. Page 17.-
World's hop crop is below requirements.
Page 17. '
Grain carrier Is chartered at high rates and
further Increase Is In prospect. Page 14.
IortIjnd and Vicinity.
Franklin High Parent-Teachers seek addi
tional buildings to relieve school, page IS.
Consideration by Union Paclflo of Bend
Lakevtaw line Is indicated. Page 11.
State society presidents will aid In recep
tion of W. c. T. U. delegates. Page 14.
Dr. Marcellus raises bars to clinics by State
Health Gfncer. Page 7.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
CAR TO BE VALUED UNSEEN
Assessors Advised to Use Table and
OLYMPIA. Wash., Oct. S. (Special.)
Instead of attempting to locate and
value automobiles and . other motor
vehicles "on the ground." the State Tax
Commission, in' a letter-to all County
Assessors, suggests that cars be as
sessed in. the County Auditor's office,
where applications for state licenses
To assist the Assessors in deter
mining .valuations the Commission
recommends' a uniform "depreciation
table." Under this rule of depreda
tion, a car loses . 10 per cent of its
cost price when, first placed . In com
mission. In its first year's use it ap
preciates 15 per cent and. thereafter
10 per cent annually.
LAD IS HURT AT FOOTBALL
Kern Pupil Rushed to Hospital After
Accident in Impromptu Game.
When tackled by a lad heavier
than himself In an impromptu football
game staged during recess at 2:30 yes
terday afternoon. Elvin Guild, aged 14,
a student of tho Kern School, sustained
a fractured right thigh.
His right leg was crooked under
him and the full weight of both bodies
caused the limb to crack. The
youngster was rushed to the Good
Samaritan Hospital and the bones were
SUGAR DUTY, WAR
TAX MAY REMAIN
M'Adoo Announces His
SUM. IS STILL INSUFFICIENT
Lowering of Income Tax Limit
Regarded as Probable.
DEFICIT IS STERN REALITY
Secretary of Treasury Proposes
Continuance of Tariff and Enter- '
gency Measure for Sev
eral Years Longer.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 6. Retention of
the present duty on sugar until condi
tions become normal and extension r.f
the emergency tax law until the Euro
pean war is over are two revenue
measures which the Administration ha
decided to ask' from Congress during
the coming session.
Secretary McAdoo announced tonight
he would recommend the necessary
legislation, and it is understood Presi
dent Wilson is in accord with the plan.
Present Revenue Not Increased.
No other revenue measures have been
approved by the Administration so far,
although many suggestions have been
offered which may be considered before
Congress completes its work. Reten
tion of the duty on sugar, which goes
on the free list May 1, 1916. unless
Congress acts, would giv-a the Treas
ury about 150.000.000 a year. The
emergency tax is counted on to pro
duce about $100,000,000 a year.
Since both the sugar duty and the
emergency tax are working at present,
however, this would not mean any in
crease in - existing . revenue. ,Largr
appropriations for the Army and Navy
without any corresponding cut in other
expenditures indicates that more rev
enue must be raised from other re
sources In .the next. lew months.
Canal Bond Issue Denied.
There has been much talk about an
issue of Panama Canal bonds, authori
zation having been given by Congress
for the issuance of more than X200.
000.000 of these securities, but Mr.
McAdoo has said that no such step is
in contemplation. ' A lowering of the
exemption limit of the income tax law
is believed to be more probable.
The Secretary's announcement fol
lows: "In reply to many inquiries I have
received about the., revenue measures
that would be proposed in the Con
gress. I have determined to recom
mend (1) that he emergency revenue
act, which expires by limitation on De
cember 31. 1915, be extended until
peace is restored in Europe, and (2)
that the existing duties on sugar shall
be retained for several years, or until
normal customs conditions are restored.
These are distinctively revenue me as
ures and are necessary. In view of the
TO CLEAR CANAL
RESIGNATION AS GOVERN Oil OI'
ZONE IS WITHDRAWN.
Builder Eager to Go Back to Work
and Will Remain Indefinitely.'
or Cntll Slides Quit.
PANAMA. Oct. . Major-Ueneral
George W. Goethals has withdrawn
his resignation as Governor of the
Panama Canal Zone. -
This fact was announced by General
Uoetbals tonight on his- arrival on
hoard the steamship Cristobal from
New York after a vacation spent in
the. United States. His action was
taken, he said, in view of the recent
slides in the Gaillard cut. which have
closed traffic through the canaL
General Goethals said he ' would re
main in Panama indefinitely until
such time as the condition of he canal
would permit his departure, further
than to make this announcement and
his announcement that he had cabled
Secretary of War Garrison withdraw
ing his resignation, which was to have
become effective November 1 General
Goethals had nothing to say concern
ing the canal.
He did not seem worried over the
situation, but eager to enter on the
work of combatting the slide. He 'will
discuss the situation tomorrow with
Lieutenant-Colonel Chester Harding,
engineer 6f maintenance, and after
ward make a personal study of the
CHIMNEY SWEEPS LICENSED
Law Also Restricting Business - a
Passed by Council.
Chimney sweeps are now subject to
license, examination. Inspection and in
vestigation. Commissioner Bigelow's
ordinance. licensing and restricting the
business, was passed by the Council
yesterday, with Commissioner Dleck
alone voting against it.
The chimney sweep must apply for a
license. The application must be ac
companied by a certificate of Rood
character signed by three taxpayers.
The sweep must pay a license fee of $S
a year; must be examined as to ability
by the Are marshal and may lose his
license for any fraudulent dealings.
The ordinance will go into effect In 3t
BRITISH CONSUL IS KILLED
Persians Also Slay Guards at Ispa
han, Berlin Hears.
BERLIN, Oct. . (By Wireless to
Sayville, N. Y.) The Lokal Anselger
publishes a dispatch from Constanti
nople saying that the British consul
and the consular guards at Ispahan
have been killed by Persians.
A dispatch from Teheran, forwarded
from London on September 14. said an
archy prevailed In Persia, that the mili
tary forces of the government had been
defeated by the tribesmen., and that
the British and Russian colonies at
Ispahan had been forced to leave for
STREETCAR WINS IN CHASE
Policeman Captures Seattle Pair in
San Francisco Jitney.
SAX FHANCISCO. Oct. . A police
man commandeered a street car today
and won a race with a jitney down
crowded Market street which ended
with the detention of Miss Kate Cohen
and Jacob Llndenbaum. of Seattle. The
girl's parents telegraphed the police
to hold the two when they arrived yes
terday by steamer.
The message was late, but the mar
riage clerk was notified In time. He
called a policeman when the couple ap
peared, but they escaped in a jitney.
The race followed.
FRENCH CRUISER IS SUNK
Auxiliary Torpedoed In Aegean Sea
NEW YORK, Oct. 6. Private advices
received here today from Athens say
that a French auxiliary cruiser was
torpedoed and sunk September 9. while
anchored oft the Turkish island of
Rhodes, by a submarine of the central
Rhodes is the most eastern Island of
the Aegean Sea. It lies close to the
mainland of Asia Minor and since the
Turcu-Italian war has been occupied by
large forces of Italian troops.
NEW DANCE NOW ON WAY
Argentina Sends "Caracapl," Combi
nation of Other Steps.
NEW YORK, Oct. 6. (Special.)
Professor Casimiro, a native of the
original tango country, arrived today
from Buenos Aires by the steamship
Vestrls to teach here the newest Argen
tine dance, which he says is called the
"Caracapi" and Is a combination of the
tango, polka and maxixe.
He says anyone familiar with the
new dances may acquire the newest in
FAIR SEEN BY 14,000,000
Average Daily Attendance Is More
Than 6 1,0 fro.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. S. Attendance
at the Panama - Pacific Exposition
reached the 14.000.000 mark today. The
14th million was recorded in IS days.
The average daily attendance th rough -out.
the exposition has been 61,403. The
exposition will close Deceotoer C
Mrs, Norman Gait, Widow
of Jsweler, to Be Bride.
DAUGHTER APPROVES HATCH
Brief, Formal Announcement
of Engagement Is Made
at White House.
GAY SEASON IS FORECAST
Future "First Lady of Land"
About 38, With Tastes Like
Those of Mr. Wilson.
WASHINGTON, Oct 6. Woodrow
Wilson, the President of the United
States, announced tonight his engage
ment to Mrs. Norman Gait, of Wash
ington. The date of the wedding has
not been fixed, but it probably will
take place in December at the home
of the bride-elect.
The brief announcement from -the
White House made by Secretary
Tumulty came as a surprise to official
Washington, but to several intimate
friends it has long been expected.
From this circle came tonight the
story of a friendship whose culmina
tion was viewed as a happy turn in
the troubled and lonely life of the Na
tion's Chief Executive.
Acquaintance Through Daughter.
It was Miss Margaret Wilson and
her cousin, Miss Bones, who drew Mrs.
Gait into the White House. They met
her first in the early Autumn of last
year and were so much attracted by
her that they sought her out more and
more frequently and the friendship
between them ripened into an affec
Mrs. Gait spent a month this Sum
mer at Cornish as the house guest of
the President's eldest daughter. It
was through this intimacy of his
daughter and cousin that the Presi
dent had an opportunity to meet and
know Mrs. Gait. One of the most in
teresting facts about the engagement,
indeed, as told by friends, is that the
President's daughters should have
chosen Mrs. Gait for their admira
tion and friendship before their father
Bride-to-Be About 38.
Mrs. Gait is the widow of a widely
known business man of Washington,
who died about eight years ago, leav
ing a jewelry business that still bears
his name. She has lived in Washing
ton since her marriage in 1896. Site
is about 38 years old and was Miss
Edith Boiling, born in Wytheville,
Va., where her girlhood was spent and
where her father, William H. Boiling,
was a prominent lawyer.
In the circle of people who have
known Mrs. Gait for many years she
has been regarded as an unusual
beauty, gifted with a natural charm.
Friends spoke of her as being con
stantly sought out as a delightful
companion, remarking especially on
her thoughtfulness and quick capacity
for anything she chose to undertake.
Tastes Like Those of Mr. Wilson.
For many weeks Mrs. Gait and her
relatives have been frequent dinner
guests at the White House. Often she
has accompanied the President on mo
tor rides. She is not quite as tall as
Mr. Wilsop, has dark liair and dark
eyes and always is in stylish attire.
Her tastes are said to be strikingly
similar to those of the President, with
a deep interest in literature and char
Friends of the President expressed
their pleasure over the announcement
tonight, not only because of Mr. Wil
son's personal happiness, but because
they felt this new - companionship
would give him support and comfort
in his home life a vital need during
the hours of strain over the Nation's
Private Wedding Probable.
With the marriage of his two
daughters and the death of Mrs. Wil
son, more than a year -ago, the Presi
dent's life had become one of soli
tude. His absorption in official la
bors began to tell on him physically
and when a few months ago he began
to take a renewed interest in personal
affairs his friends and members of
the family welcomed the distinct
tConcludtU wa u. CwianiA JTi T