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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1915)
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i AOL,. L.V. XO. 17,118. PORTLAXD. OREOOX. TTTTTrAV nrTnui?!? m - '
BULGARIA FAILS TO
Time Limit Expires but
Nothing Is Done.
RUSSIANS PREPARE TO STRIKE
Warships Appear in Black Sea
i Off Varna, Bulgarian Port.
ALLIES LAND IN GREECE
AH forces Mass Armies Near Fron-
tier in Preparation for Out
break, Which Is Expected
to Come at Short Notice.
LONDON. Oct. 4. The time allotted
Bulgaria by -the allies through Russia
to turn her back on Germany, Austria
and Turkey, expired this afternoon, but
the expiration of the time limit brought
no Immediate surface indications to
clarify the situation.
Whether the Russian minister
promptly left the Bulgarian capital, as
his government threatened, provided
Bulgaria declined to meet the Russian
ultimatum; whether Bulgaria dis
sembled, asking for further time, or
whether King Ferdinand and his sup
porters merely observed silence, was
not known in London up to 11 o'clock
Definite Kewi Awaited.
Either the censorsnip or the vagaries
of war-time cable service, or the two
combined, resulted in keeping London
In the dark, although definite news is
Events have been shaping, however.
In keeping with the fast-approaching
crisis involving the entry of the Bal
kans in the European conflict. Rus
sian warships have appeared in the
Black Sea off the Bulgarian port of
Varna; French and British troops have
landed at Saloniki, a Greek port 50
miles south of the Bulgarian .frontier,
and Bulgarian troops, which have been
on the move for days, have been
massed in great numbers along the
New Rattle front to Farm.
From the central powers' side came
amplified reports ct the great weight
of men and material piled up prepara
tory to a blow against Serbia from that
lde as the first step in what the popu
lar imagination has accepted as a fact
German determination to smash
through the corner of Serbia and link
up with Bulgaria, creating a new bat
tle front from the Austrian border to
Delayed cables told of the landing of
the allies' troops at Saloniki. With
these reports arrived comments from
the Athens papers, the gist of which
was that the appearance of French and
British soldiers in Greece at a time
when Greece was still outwardly neu
tral should cause no excitement, in
that their mission was, as one of the
.Athens papers expressed it, to defend
the railway against Bulgarian aggres
sion and give help to Serbia, the ally
Neutrality Violation Charged.
The Greek minister at London re
fused to comment on the report that
the Hellenic government considered the
landing of the allied troops a violation
of neutrality and had formally pro
tested to Great Britain and France.
In the west the Germans have per
sisted in their driving counter attacks
against the British until they have re
taken most of the Hohenzollern redoubt,
so named by the German soldiers. This
is admitted by Field Marshal French's
latest report, but it is not claimed
specifically by the Germans themselves,
yossibly because of the fact that the
loss of this stronghold was never con
ceded by Berlin.
That asphyxiating gas was used by
the British in their recent offensive is
the charge circulated by Berlin. The
British war office has made no state
ment regarding the truth or falsity of
tins. J he German claim that the
British lost 60.000 and the French
130,000 men in the recent fighting also
Is without denial so far.
MEDICAL PARTY IN RUSSIA
.Americans Iteudy to Care for Cap
PETROGRAP, via London, Oct. 4.
Nine physicians and 33 nurses, com
prising the major part of four Amer
ican Red Cross units, which have been
serving in Germany and Austria for
the last 10 months, arrived in Petro
grad today. They will care for Aus
trian and German civil and military
prisoners in Russia.
The Americans are acting under the
auspices of the American Red Cross,
although the German government is de
fraying their expenses.
CARRIERS MAY USE CYCLES
Xturnl Mail Men. However, Must
Obtain Speelal License.
WASHINGTON'. Oct. 4. Postal regu
lations were modified by Postmaster-
General Burleson today to permit the
use of motorcycles with side bodies by
Special authority from the depart
ment is required in each case,
OF CANAL ADVISED
ACTING GOVERXOR ASKS PRES.
Removal or Slide Cannot Be Com
pleted Before Xovember 1
Xinety Vessels Are Held.
PANAMA, Oct. 4.' Lieutenant-Colonel
Chester Harding, the engineer in charge
of the Panama. Canal, has sent a mes
sage to the Secretary of War at Wash
ington recommending that President
Wilson issue an executive order of
ficially' closing the Canal until No
Colonel Harding explains that it will
be Impossible to clear the channel be
fore that date and perhaps not then.
He favors refunding the tolls to those
ships which have paid them and are
now awaiting passage, and also that
arrangements be made to trans-ship
the cargoes of the vessels and forward
them to their destinations. It Is es
timated, however, that it would re
quire at least a month for the Panama
Railroad to complete the trans-shipment
of the cargoes of the 90 vessels
now In Canal waters.
The conditions caused by the new
slide are the worst in the history of
the Canal, according to Colonel Hard
ing. More than 1,000,000 cubic yards
of earth must be removed before the
channel is again deep enough to per
mit the passage of ships. The dredg
ers are maintaining a high point of
efficiency and during September re
moved more than 1.000,000 yards. The
work is being pushed energetically and
Canal officials are optimistic that
eventually the danger of slides will
PHONE COMPANY REPLIES
Interchange Service Objection Filed
SALEM, Or., Oct. 4. (Special.) Al
leging that section 8 of the public util
ity act, referring to common-user of
facilities, procedure and interchange
of business, is in violation of the state
and Federal constitutions, the Pacific
Telephone & Telegraph Company today
filed with the Public Service Commis
sion its answer to the complaint of the
Public Service League and others of
Portland. With the Home Telephone
& Telegraph Company, the Pacific is
defendant in a complaint to force an
interchange of telephone service in
The answer declares that such inter
change would be unfair to the Pacific,
and vigorous protest against the Com
mission holding any hearing on the
complaint of the league Is registered.
CITY WOOD SALES TIED UP
Contractor Says He Cannot Deliver
Till Late in Winter.
The City Council now is In more
trouble in connection with the cord
wood it has at the unemployment camp
Charles R. Hart, who holds the haul
ing contract, reports that he will be
unable to get the Wood started toward
the city before, December 1, owing to
the necersisty of constructing a flume
to carry it from the camp to Linnton
road. December 1 will be too late for
the city to sell at retail.
Mr. Hart has offered to give up his
contract if the city will pay him 2800.
DISSATISFIED WILL PLEAD
Civil Service Board Grants Hearing
to City Employes.
The Municipal Civil Service Board
invited much grief for itself yesterday
when announcement was made that at
a special session on October 14 the
Board will listen to the statements of
all city employes who think they are
entitled to higher ratings in the classi
fied civil service.
The meeting will be held to try to
straighten out. to a limited degree at
least, the tangle caused by the city's
so-called efficiency code.
MARKET PROFIT $625.25
Monthly Surplus to Bo Applied to
Loan Made Tor Sheds.
The Yamhill-street public market
took in $625.25 more during Septem
ber than was necessary for operating
expenses, according to the monthly
statement - of receipts and disburse
ments made to Commissioner Bigelow
yesterday by Marketmaster Eastman.
The surplus has been applied to the
fund to reimburse the city's general
fund for the loan made a year ago for
the construction of the umbrella sheds.
1 WAR ORDER $7,361,000
American Car & Foundry Company
to Make Delivery in 9 Months.
NEW YORK. Oct. 4. The munition!
contracts of the American Car & Foun
dry Company total J7, 361.000. accord
ing to a statement issued tonight by
Frederick W. Eaton, president of the
The present contracts call for de
livery in eight or nine months.
FALL DOWN STAIRS KILLS
Lebanon Farmer Meets Fatal Acci
dent In Own Home.
LEBANON', Or., Oct. 4. (Special.)
Peter Moritz. a farmer living-a few
miles south of Lebanon, fell down the
stairs at his home yesterday and dis
located his neck.
He died soon afterward,
WET BY ABOUT 8500
Hennepin County Votes
to Retain Saloons.
DRY FORGES CHARGE FRAUD
Bitterly Contested Election
Takes Many to Polls.
SEVERAL ARE ARRESTED
Count, Almost Complete, Is 3 7,0 4 0
to 28,532 for Keeping 433 Sa
loons in County Drys Slow
in Admitting Defeat.
MINNEAPOLIS. Oct. 4. Hennepin
County, of which Minneapolis is the
county seat, voted to retain its 433
saloons in a county option election to
day according to returns available late
tonight. When 180 of the 193 precincts
of the county had reported, the wets
led by 8500, the count standing: Wets,
37,048, drys 28,532.
Rev. George B. Safford. head of the
"dry's organization, in commenting on
the vote said:
"It now appears that the "wets' have
carried the election, but we do not yet
concede it. If it had not been for the
grossest frauds and illegal voting,
there would have been no doubt about
the result. We are still in the ring,
however, and if we are defeated shall
bide bur time."
County Has 433 Saloons.
Of the 433 saloon in the county, 399
are in Minneapolis proper.
The election here today was most bit
terly contested, both the "wets" and
the "drys" making every effort to get
out the largest possible vote.
Frank E. Aid, of Cincinnati, manager
of the "wet", organization, said his side
had been victorious by from 8000 to
Drys Charge Fraud..
"There has been the most shameless
violation of law by the wets." Wagon
load after wagonload of illegal voters
have been taken to the polls." said Rev.
During the day charges of fraud
were freely made by both sides, and
much bitterness was shown at the
polling places. Three men were ar
rested, charged with violating the cor
rupt practices act. It was said by the
police these men were employes of a
brewing company and that they were
distributing "wet" handbills.
KiKht Waged Everywhere. .
Most of the population of Hennepin
County is within the city boundary,
but as there are saloons in all the vil
lages, the "drys" waged their fight
Minneapolis, with a population of
more than 325,000 and having about
433 saloons, is said to be one of the
largest cities in the country to test
the prohibition issue by ballot.
I : 1!
I 'BY CrEORQB
I r r fro s-roos
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INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 60
dest-ees; minimum. 43 decrees,
TODAY'S Fair; easterly wind..
Bulraria Ignores ultimatum and let tlm
limit expire. Page 1.
German says French losses so heavy that
renewal of attack is unlikely. Pace 2.
President and Secretary of Navy decide to
ask Congress for cuper-battle cruisers.
Executive order closing Panama Canal un".
November 1 is advised. Page 1. ; O
Insurance company head says peace lies o-ty
in preparedness or in world federation.
Wets lead In local option election returns
in Minneapolis. Page 1
International Congress- of Farmers meets at
Denver. Page 5.
Rockefeller plan for mediation accepted by
Colorado Iron & Fuel Company. Page 6.
Anglo-French loan is oversubscribed. Page 2.
Inventor perfects "vest pocket" wireless ap
paratus. Page 3.
Commercial and Marine.
Buying of wheat for shipment East Is
checked. Page 19.
Strong cattle market at North Portland
yards. Page 19.
Large export sales cause advance In wheat
at Chicago. Page 18.
Furious speculation In war stocks In Wall
treet. Page 19.
Balfour, Guthrie A Co. announce names of
neutral grain carriers chartered. Page 16.
Arrowrock dam, near Boise is dedicated.
Defendant !n murder trial at Pendleton
pleads blank mind. Page 6.
Caasius Case tells of feud ending In Sam's
killing of Kri.fc.rt Page 0.
Idaho Land Commissioner says Secretary
Lane promises state control. Page 7.
Philadelphia builds more seats in bleachers
for baseball fans. Pao-o U
"Peter Volo. in Grand Circuit, sets new world's
c-uu iur siaiuon ior two neat, page la.
Beavers open today with Bees. Page 1.
Portland and Vicinity.
"Dress up we1t" plan brings smiles as
proper aim becomes understood, a age Hi.
Streetcar company may not use Interstate
bridge. Page 13.
Artists of pacific Coast open annual exhibit
here. Page 13.
Commissioners Holmaa and Dougall In tilt
at C number. Page 20.
Fire prevention advice to be ent to all
homes. Page 8.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 1U.
Trading stamp law declared invalid. Page 8.
CARS FOR LUMBER RUSHED
Southern Pacific Reports 113 on
Way to Willamette Valley Points.
SALEM, Or.. Oct. 4. (Special.)
Speedy relief for the lumber industry
of Oregon, which has been hampered
because of lack of cars, was again
promised by the Southern Pacific of
ficials in San Francisco today, when
notice was sent to the Public Service
Commission that 115 empty cars had
passed Ashland, bound north to Wil
lamette Valley points.
A few days ago in response to in
quiry by the Commission.;. President
Sproule. of the Southern Pacific, tele
graphed that 400 empty freight cars
were on the way to Oregon to relieve
lumber shippers. As these failed to
appear with the speed deemed desir
able, the Commission again took up the
MRS. DUNIWAY VERY ILL
Physicians Say Condition Serious
and Consider Second Operation.
The condition of Mrs. Abigail Scott
Duniway, who underwent an operation
at the Good Samaritan Hospital sev
eral weeks ago, is reported to have
changed somewhat for the worse dur
ing the past two days.
Dr. J. C. 5San, who is in charge of the
case, and Dr. George Wilson held a
consultation last night to ' determine
whether it was advisable to perform
another operation. It was decided that
it would not be necessary for at least
a day or two.
Dr. Zan said last night that Mrs.
Duniway'n condition is serious. i
IT SHOULD HAVE KKOWN BETTER.
ARRDWROGK DAM IS
GIVEN TO SETTLERS
II Parts of
ooject at Site.
STRUCTURE WORLD'S HIGHEST
Achievement Compared With
That of Panama Canal.
3 TRAINS TAKE CROWDS
Government Railroad to Run Ex
cursion Trains Daily to Meet De
mand to See Concrete Wall.
Barbecue Held Today.
BOISE. Idaho. Oct. 4. (Special.)
One of the Government's greatest
achievements in reclamation work, the
Arrowrock dam. the highest in the
world, was formally dedicated here to
day. Between 4000 and 5000 persons, main
ly settlers from all parts of the Boise
project, attended the ceremony. The
event was one of the most impressive
ever witnessed in Idaho, for the im
portance of this great dam, 34S.6 feet
from the base to its tip, is beginning
now to be fully appreciated.
All of Project Represented.
The settlers came from all parts of
the project, Boise. Xampa. Caldwell,
Meridian. Kuna, Parma, Middleton, Ea
gle, Greenleaf, Melba, Bomont and
Wilder, to pay tribute to the grand
structure wedged in and across the
canyon of the Boise River, 20 miles above
this city, so water can be stored to
give life to their lands.
They . were not outwardly demonstra
tive, but tho bigness of the work of
the Government made their silence
more impressive than applause. Three
epecial trains carried them to the dam
site. Excursion Arranged to Dam.
So great is the demand from all parts
of Southern Idaho to see the completed
dam that arrangements have been made
to run daily excursion trains for the
next week over the Government-owned
The dedication ceremony was pre
sided over by E. R. Hubbard, presi
dent of the Boise-Payette Water Users'
Association, who delivered the dedica
tory address. Dr. W. J. Boone, presi
dent of the College of Idaho, pro
nounced the dedication. A brief his
tory of the Boise project, the lands in
which water from the Arrowrock res
ervoir will Irrigate, was given by J. H.
Pigeons Fail to Arrive.
Governor Alexander was the last
speaker. He spoke for and on behalf
of the people. It was intended to lib
erate carrier pigeons from the crest
of the dam during the service, but the
consignment of birds arranged for
failed to arrive.
In dedicating the dam. as one of the
greatest works the Government had
performed In the history of irrigation,
Mr. Hubbard outlined to the settlers
I Concluded on Page 6. Column 2.)
Mondays War Moves
ALLIED troops have landed at Sa
loniki. Greece, and two powerful
Russian squadrons have appeared off
the Bulgarian port of Varna, on the
Black Sea- Whether Bulgaria has com
plied with the Russian ultimatum that
she openly break with the central pow
ers and dismiss the German and Aus
trian officers with her army is not
known, but her failure to do so is
considered certain to result in the crea
tion of yet another sone in the world
war. While unofficial reports in London
are to the effect that the Greek govern
ment has made protest against viola
tion of her territory, dispatches eman
ating from Athens assert that the
Greek people received news of the
landing calmly, realizing that if the
worst should, come, the allied troops
would aid them "in repelling Teutonic
aggression. The Greek Minister in
London has declined either to affirm
or deny that Greece has formally pro
tested. Bulgaria, it is reported, has an
nounced that she will immediately re
ply to the last note of the entente pow
ers concerning Serbia's offer to Bul
garia of compensation for Bulgarian
neutrality. An Athens dispatch Sunday
said the powers of the entente had
withdrawn their offer of concessions of
Macedonian territory to Bulgaria.
Heavy fighting is still in progress in
the Artots region of France and the
bombardments are going on In the
Champagne region and in the Vosges
Mountains. The fighting in Artois has
been trench warfare of a vicious char
acter. The Germans are on the of
fensive, but according to Paris, they
have been everywhere repulsed except
south of Givenchy. where they retook
from the French the crossing of Five
Roads, which the earlier French offi
cial communication had recorded as
being occupied by the French.
A British report from Field Marshal
Sir John French says the Germans
northwest of Hulluch have recaptured
the greater portion of the Hohenzol
lern redoubt, which was taken from
them last week. Numerous other at
tacks over the open against the Brit
ish trenches between the quarries and
the Semedes Hulluch road were re
pulsed with severe losses.
According to the German communica
tion on the progress of the camoalirn
in the east, the Russians advanced to
tnc attack in dense masses In the cen
tral sector to the east of Vilna, but
were repulsed with unusually hea.vv
losses. Petrograd admits the capture
or irencnes by the Germans In the re
glon of Dvinsk. but declares that in a
counter attack the Germans were de
feated and the trenches recaptured.
The Anglo-French bond Issue, of
i&uo.ooo.ooo already has been oversub
scribed. The amount of the oversub
scription, it is estimated, will reach
October 5, 1914.
'"ww -111 h ii i- attacK on
Kaiser reported to have removed
Chir.f of Staff von Moltke.
Berlin reports Antwerp's defense
Japan takes South Sea Islands.
CHICAGO UNDER SUNDAY LID
Major Decrees That Saloons Must
Obey State Law.
CHICAGO. Oct. 4. Mayor Thompson,
in a message tonight to the City Coun
cil, announced that the owners of all
saloons in Chicago hereafter would be
forced to obey the state law, whicn
provides that they remain closed on
Sunday. The Mayor ordered the City
Collector to notify in writing all per
sons holding licenses for saloons that
they must comply with the require
ments of the state law.
For many vpht. nwnpr. nr . i
n Chicago have defied th. ta t i.n,
governing their operation on Suaday.
arnpaigns ana lawsuits have failed.
A few saloonkeepers have been haled
before the courts, but no general action
was taken. There are more than 4000
saloons in Chicago.
ROUMANIA ASKED TO MASS
Opposition's Plea Tor Mobilization
Rejected by Premier.
LONDON. Oct. 5. A dispatch to the
Times from Bucharest says:
"Premier Bratiano today received a
deputation of the opposition leaders,
who asked for an immediate mobiliza
tion In order to prevent Roumania be-
ng surrounded by enemies. M. Bratiano
replied that mobilization was need
less, as since the crown council of last
year nothing had intervened to make
Roumania change her attitude."
QUAKE ROCKS MICHIGAN
j Windows Broken and Wall Pictures
Fall on Upper Peninsula.
HOUGHTON. Mich.. Oct. 4. An
earth shock at 8 o'clock tonight in the
upper peninsula of Michigan broke
windows, shook pictures from the
walls, disarranged china on closet
shelves and did other minor damage.
Similar disturbances have occurred
n the mining region in recent years
and are thought to be due to a slipping
of rock near the mines.
SNOW COVERS BLACK HILLS
St. Paul Also Has First Fall of
DEADWOOD, S. D Oct. 4. From
three to six inches of snow fell
throughout the Black Hills last night,
the first general fall of the season.
ST. PAUL. Oct. 4. The first snow
of the season fell here tonight, the
light flurry continuing only a few
BRITISH FORCED TO
FIGHT EVERY STEP
Germans Battle Like
Tigers in Trenches.
WINTER IN MUD IS DREADED
Comfortable Dugouts Yielded
Only as Last Resort.
RAIN SLACKENS FIGHTING
Bombs Hurled Into Compart
ments Where Teutons Huddle,
Men Tear at Kacli Other
With Hands and Clubs.
BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN
FRANCE. Sunday. Oct. 3. via London.
Oct. 4. The scene of the British at
tacks In the Lens region is a flat min
ing country slag heaps, mine pits,
ruined buildings, splintered and felled
trees and earthworks churned by ex
plosions, with slightly rising ground
toward Loos and Lens.
Nothing is visible except the soft
puffs of shapnel bursting ami volumes
of black smoke from British and Ger
man high explosive shells, marking po
sitions where the British troops are or
ganizing their gains and the Germans
are preparing a new defensive line.
British Exalt in Position.
It is with infinite satisfaction to the
British, who had long looked at the
eyesore twin towers of the mining
works of Loos, that they now have in
their possession this German position.
The church at Loos, which had been
used as an observation post, is a heap
of stone as a result of the bombard
ment preceding the attack.
The normal population of Loos is
10,000 poor miners and their families.
Three hundred of these remained dur
ing the -battle, taking shelter in the
cellars of their wrecked, miserable
homes. One old woman who cooked
for the Germans is now cooking for
As the skirmish line approached the
town it saw six women and a child
coming toward it in the midst of the
battle. Some of the British soldiers
turned from the fierce business of tho
charge to rescue them, but before they
could get the women under some sort
of shelter two of them were wounded.
Germans Prepared to Stay.
The elaborateness and permanency
of the German trenches indicated the
apparent confidence of the Germans in
the security of ' their line. Dugouts,
often 30 feet deep, were cemented ami
contained electric lights and arm chairs.
Some of them were impenetrable even
to high explosive shells of big caliber.
The British bombardment cut the
wire in front of the German tranches
to bits and battered the Bring trenches
and traverses into irregular piles of
earth. Under such a flailing of shells,
it was suicidal for the Germans to at
tempt to remain outside the dugouts or
to try to man their machine guns, or
use their rifles.
Germans Huddle In Caves.
When the artillery work was per
fected the British infantry sprang over
the parapets at a given moment.
Sprinting toward the German trench
they arrived almost without opposition.
Then the German trench was theirs
with the Germans who were alive hud
dled in their caves. Some of the dug
outs had been demolished and had in
them fragments of German bodies
mixed with debris. Other dugouts had
their openings blown in by shell ex
plosions, and their occupants were
either buried or suffocated.
When a dugout had been unharmed
the British soldiers, with bayonets fixed
or bombs in hand, appeared at the
entrance to find the Germans just start
ing ut. All in the dugout might sur
render, or on the other hand, if a
British soldier started to enter or even
showed himself he was received with
a fusillade. In case of refusal to sur
render bombs were thrown into the
dugout without the thrower of them
exposing himself. The Germans sur
viving the explosion usually gave up.
though not always, for some died tu
the last man.
Klnts Sometimes laed.
Some incidents had a humorous as
well as a tragic side. In these sud
den encounters at close quarters
where the charging Briton met a Ger
man emerging from his dugout the
bayonet, bombs and even fists were
sometimes brought into play in the
One difficulty was the gathering and
guarding of prisoners In such a con
fined space as the irregular wrecked
trenches. With rifles and bombs lyinif
about the Germans even after capitu
lating were likely to seize them and
rush to the cover of a traverse trench
or into a shell crater and renew the
The British are keeping to tho tac
tical plan undertaken by them to gain
a certain amount of ground with each
The Germans fought desperately,
and the viciousness of their counter
attacks apparently was due to rage
over the loss of their comfortab'le dug
outs, which had cost them so much
painstaking labor, and the unpleasant
prospect of a Winter in the mud, build
ing new caves.
The rear of the army during the
action presented a wondrous varied
(Concluded oa Page S. Coluum 1.)