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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN. TUTTIISDAT, SEPTEMBER 2. 1915.
CANAL SAVES DAYS
OF TIME FOR SHIPS
Difference in Cost of Fuel Is
rifearly Enough to Pay
J Passage Tolls.
FLEETS MORE EFFECTIVE
Tl rou sands of Dollars Cut From
Overhead Expense of Operating
Vessels From East to West
Coasts and Other Shores.
OREGON I AX NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Sept, 1. One vessel, plying be
tween the Atlantic and the Pacific
coasts of the United States, by way of
the Panama Canal, can today handle as
much business as two vessels were re
quired to handle In the eame time,
w ien shipments had to be made around
the Horn. This Is the terse statement
of the Canal management In the latest
Issue of the Canal Record, as showing
what the Panama Canal has done for
the coast-to-coast trade.
"The fundamental purpose of the Ca
nal Is to save time," says the Canal
Record. "The prevailing high prices
for charters make this of especial im
portance at present. In addition to
the economies effected by saving time,
and reducing overhead expenses due
to the shorter time of travel, the short
er route can greatly increase the ef
fectiveness of the fleets. Between the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the
United States one vessel can now haul
practically what two would have been
needed for over the route around South
The Canal Record then cites the case
Ot the steamer Pennaylvanlan to show
the actual effectiveness of the Canal in
expediting trade between the two
Pennaylvanlan Seta Record.
The Amerloan-Hawallan liner set a
new record for time of transit from
Philadelphia to San Francisco, making
the voyage in 14 days, 17 hours and 25
minutes, her average speed, over the
course cf 5130 nautical miles being 14
knots, or cdr miles, a day.
Had the Pennsylvanian made the voy
age from Philadelphia to San Francisco
by way of the Straits of Magellan, a
distance of 13,003 miles, at the same
speed, the voyag would have required
more than 37 days. This is more than
tw and a half times as long as the
trip by way of the Canal. The 3997
barrels of fuel oil which the Pennsyl
vanian burned on the trip by way of
tho Canal would have been increased
for the longer voyage to 9942 barrels
The use of the Canal saved 5965 bar
rels of oil. At 80 cents a barrel, this
amounts to $4772. The Canal tolls on
the Pennsylvanian. levied at 91.25 per
ton on 6064 net tons, United States
registry, amounted to 95070. In other
words, the saving on fuel alone in this
case, by the use Of the Canal, comes to
within $300 of paying the tolls on the
ship. The saving of all the other per
diem expenses of operation, possibly
$200 per day, for 22 days, represents
almost a clear saving to the operator.
Portland Days Nearer .New York.
Incorporated in the statement Is a
table showing the number of days saved
for vessels of different speeds by the
Panama Canal route between Atlantic
and Pacific ports. This table shows
that a nine-knot. vessel from New York
to Portland saves 35.9 days by using
the Canal. Between the same ports a
ten-knot vessel saves 32.3 days; a 12
knot vessel, 26.8 days; a 14-knot vessel,
22.9 days, and a 16-knot steamer saves
In the same way a lesser saving is
made by steamers plying frpm Liver
pool to Portland or vice versa. On this
run a nine-knot steamer would save
25.7 days by using the Canal; a ten
knot steamer, 23.1 days; a 12-knot
steamer. 19.1 days; a 14-knot steamer,
16.3 days, and a 16-knot -vessel, 14.2
COAST TRADE AFFECTED
EXCHANGE FLURRY CUTS FOREIGN
Federal Rewerve Board Finds Railroad
and Grain Raiser of Northweat in
OREGON! AN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Sept. 1- The Federal Reserve
Board, In its September bulletin, de
scribes business conditions on the Pa
cific Coast as follows:
"Tn its foreign trade this district is
suffering from unsettled conditions of
exchange markets and from lack of
ahips. which latter will be accentuated
by the impending transfer of the Pa
cific Mail steamers from trans-Pacific
to Atlantic service. The total export
and import business has been practi
cally double that for like periods
last year. There seems good ground for
believing that this may suffer an Im
portant curtailment. Lumber is in
Blightly better demand, but prices are
the lowest in the history of the indus
try on the Pacific Coast.- Sales are
reported at less than cost of produc
tion. '"New building is at low ebb and a
good deal of unemployment is report
ed. Railroads arc busy and have in
creased their shop forces. Increased
earnings are shown, but then this is
due to the passenger department
"The situation as to prunes is rea
sonably satisfactory, but conditions
are unsatisfactory as to other fruits.
Including apples, in Oregon and Wash
ington. The yield of wheat in Cali
fornia has probably not been more
than 40 per cent of the expectation,
but In other parts of the district the
yield has been good and the acreage
large, resulting in a large exportable
surplus. Transportation difficulties are
ca using slow marketing and much
warehousing. Hops are selling at prices
as high as 15 cents. Cattle, mules,
horses, sheep and wool are all com
manding good prices."
MONEY MARKET IS EXCITED
Continued From First Pap.l
Press cables, according to these ad
vices, have been held up and edited to
eliminate reference to weakness, and
In some instances, it is said, actual
quotations have been deleted. Incom
ing dispatches. It Is reported, have met
much the same fate. As a result. It
was reported, hlerri British officials
wore but poorly informed of the situ
ation. It waa assumed tonipht that the con
templated Kngllsh credit loan to be
established here would be of such pro
portions that it would be a national
rather than New York affair. Bankers
from all the reserve centers of the
country. It was believed, were Invited
to share tn establishing the loan. The
collateral, it waa said, probably would
consist not only of approved American
securities, but of Canadian and South
American bonds, carefully selected as
Security to Be Doubled.
In addition to this collateral, bank
ers here plan to have the British bor
rowers cover It with an increase of
notes, thus doubly riveting the se
curity. Study of the exchange today brought
to light unusual developments.
Not the least of these was the dis
covery that of all the American insti
tutions sending money to foreign coun
tries or receiving it from abroad, the
United States Government alone could
not profit by the low rates, at least so
far as international money orders,
issued by the Postoffice Department
are concerned. While the English
pound was selling in Wall street at
J4.50 the Postoffice several blocks
away was paying the standard normal
rate of $4.87. Senders of money orders
to England had to pay $-4.87 to the
pound; recipients of money orders from
England were given that sum here.
The same situation prevailed at the
Postoffice so far as other foreign
moneys were concerned. Lires, de
preciated 26 per cent in foreign ex
change markets, were exchanged at
par over the money order counters at
the Postoffice. This was due. it Is
said, to ancient treaties, which fixed
in rigid terms the exchange values of
money between the United States and
its associate powers in the issuance
of postal orders. ' The limit of any one
order, however, was $100, although
there waa no restriction within rea
son to the number issued an indi
vidual. Situation Reversed Year Abo.
The situation last year was directly
the reverse. Exchange on sterling
soared to about $7 at the time when
American tourists, stranded abroad,
were seeking funds. One enterprising
individual, it was reported, knowing
that the postal rate was $4.87, hired
clerks and sent them by relays for
several days to the Postoffice to ob
tain orders. These orders, on which
ne saved 9Z.13 on every pound, he
expected to sell at a figure under the
prevailing rate of exchange, but high
enough to make a handsome profit.
The Intention was divined and the
Postoffice Department, it was said, in
sisted upon his returning the orders
and paid him back between $40,000
Enormous profits to American Im
porters owing bills abroad pppeared to
be in sight with the prevailing low ex
change rates of today, and not a little
of the bills bought, it was said, were to
discount foreign bills. America's bill
for July to Great Britain for goods re
ceived at the Port of New York totalled,
in round figures, $13,000,000.
Million Saved on Jnlr Bill.
On account of the depreciation of
about 7 per cent in sterling, American
importers, paying this bill today, could
have settled it for approximately $12,
000,000. pocketing a rund million dol
From France the United States im
ported during July articles to the total
value of $4,682,000 through the Port of
New York. "Approximately 18 per cent
of this bill, or about $900,000. could
be deducted today, due. to exchange
rates, because the sum is payable, not
in dollars, but francs.
Items to the value of $2,791,000 came
to New York from Italy in July. In
paying this bill at today's rate of ex
change, American importers would have
to take only $2,000,000, in round fig
ures, to Wall street.
ORPHERM FEATURE NEW
TRAVEL WEEKLY WITH COLORED
SCENES OF WORLD A..OUXCED.
Scale of Prices Adopted Similar to That
of Parent House and All Seata
Are to Be Reserved.
When the Orpheum Theater here
opens exclusively under the manage
ment of the Orpheum Circuit, Septem
ber 8, the eight-act show will include
a brand-new feature. This ist he Or
pheum Travel Weekly, a moving picture
showing various parts of the world at
work and at play, livery nook and cor
ner of the world has been snapped by
the OrpheuuVs movie operator and the
eries includes colored pictures the
finishing of which entails great ex
pense, all the varied tints having to be
applied by hand.
The first Orpheum Travel Weekly to
be flashed on the screen In Portland
will show the oasis of Oabes in Tunis,
a movie visit to Kilauea, the great vol
cano of Hawaii will be enjoyed and the
closing feature will afford a long look
through the principality of Monaco.
For the benefit of Orepheum patrons
the Orpheum Travel Weekly will pre
cede the regular seven acts of vaude
Another innovation at the Orpheum
will be a feature long followed by the
mother Orpheum in Kan .Francisco a
scale of prices running from 10 cents
to 50 cents. Even the 10-cent aeats
will be reserved, making it possible for
Orpheum patron to buy the lowest
priced seat a week in advance and re
tain a coupon assuring him that the
seat will be held for him.
At the matinees every balcony seat
behind the first five rows will cell at
10 cents and at night the seven upper
rows in the balcony will be reserved at
10 cents apiece. In San Francisco- the
Orpheum retained its 10-cent scale even
during the engagement of Sarah Bern
hardt and the same rule will apply in
Portland in the visits of noted stars of
tagedom at the Orpheum. The scale
of prices will be the same on Sundays
and holiday as on weeekdays.
METHODIST PASTORS MEET
Bishop Cook, of Portland, Presides
at Spokane Conference.
SPOKANE, Wash-, Sept. 1. (Spe
cial.) The 42d annual Columbia River
conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Churhc organized today at St- Paul's
Church, under the direction of Bishop
Richard J. Cooke, of Portland, with loo
ministers of the Inland Empire pres
ent. Among the distinguished visitors
who addressed the pastors were Bishop
W. B. Lambutb. of the Methodist Epis
copal Churhc South, of Nashville, Tenn.,
who talked briefly on missions and
his work in the Far East, and Ir. E.
B. Chappell, also of Nashville.
The opening session of the confer
ence developed a spirited contest for
the secretaryship of the meeting. Dr.
F. B. Short, of Spokane, placed in nom
ination for secretary the Rev. Paul
Little, of Waitsburg, who officiated as
secretary for the last conference and
before he had left his feet Superin
tendent Charles E. Gibson, of the Spo
kane district, placed in nomination the
Rev. John Evans, of Moran.
A ballot was necessary and the vote
resulted in the election of Rev. Mr.
More than 150 ministers are expected
to arrive by tomorrow.
Sawmill Accident Takes OfT Foot.
CHEHALIS. Wash., Sept. 1. (Spe
cial.) W. Jorgensen. son of Mr. amd
Mra. C. Jorgensen. of Ethel, lost his
left foot in the sawmill plant which
they operate. While undertaking to
turn a board over with his foot, it waa
caught in the saw and so badly man
gled that amputation above the ankla
waa necessary, ,
Mail and Telephone Order Filled by Expert Shopper
Merchandise of cJ Merit Only
Phone Marshall 5000 Phone A 6691
Patterns and Fashion
Sheets for October and
the Neva Fall Fashion
Book now on sale, Pat
New taffetas, warp
Today We Offer 45 New Fall Coats
Of Imported Fancy Tweeds -
At the Verv Soecial Price of
And Every Coat Will Be Sold, Too!
You will wonder how we can mark them at this little'
price, for they are not coats that you can wear but one
season, but the latest Autumn styles that are suitable for
any occasion, either now or during the Winter, and they
will give the maximum service.
Made in the new 48-inch length, with pleats in back
and belt in front. Made with storm collar and deep
cuffs of fine black plush, with buttons to match.
Of fine imported tweed in fancy two-tone mixtures of
brown and gray. As illustrated. Third Floor
A New Shipment of
The knitted kind, in V-neck,
slashed-skirt style, with tight
knee bloomers. In all-black, with
white, scarlet and emerald trim
mings. Fourth Floor
Entirely New Sweater Coats at $9.50
They are made of extra quality fiber silk, with zephyr back,
shawl collar and cuffs of fancy stitched fiber silk. Finished with
long sash, with fancy silk tassels at each end.
All the new colors, such as rose, emerald, Copen and gold,
are to be found in these novelty sweaters. Third Floor
Wynall Blouses $1.50
Knoivn All Over the City for Their Superior Style
300 New Fall Models Just In Dis
played for First Time Thursday
If you would possess blouses that look to be worth at least twice
$1.50, select from these Wynalls Thursday. Nothing like them has
been shown this season. Fashioned of fine voile, beautifully embroid
ered and lace trimmed. They feature the new collars, or V neck
and have long sleeves, many with deep fancy cuffs. Three models as
illustrated. Third Floor
Autumn Hats of the Latest Mode
in a Special Sale at $6.95
Velvet hats, just what every woman wants, whether she's wearing
a Fall gown or her Summer frock.
, Of the best silk, Lyons velvet, too;
many with taffeta or satin combined.
Shapes are the very newest the charm
ing poke effects, unique cut-in brims, clever
adaptations of the always attractive sailor,
and many small toques for those who prefer
Trimmings that are novel, indeed
beaded fancies, wings, jet, wool embroid
ered flowers and many kinds of ribbon.
The illustration was sketched from model on sale.
Our Latest Importation
At Sale Prices
Luncheon Cloths. .$1.95
Pure linen, silver bleached,
size 72x54 inches. In new scroll
and floral designs. Excellent
cloths for everyday use.
Luncheon Cloths . . vpo.ZO
Full bleached, warranted pure
linen damask. 64 inches in diam
eter. In several new patterns.
Pure Linen Damask
Very Special, Yard. . 85 C
Warranted pure linen, full
bleached, full 64 inches wide. In
clover, fern and chrysanthemum
patterns. Second Floor
We have just received a new
shipment of Webb's famous
dew-bleached Irish linens, in a
full line of guest and regular
sized towels, in round thread,
plain and fancy hucks, much
used for embroidering;.
TWEEDS FOR FALL
In mixtures of grays, browns,
tans, greens, taupe. Extra heavy
weight for Fall suits and coats.
56 inches wide. Very spe
cial at $1.39. Second Floor
FINAL CLEAN-UP SALE OF CORSET COVERS-CAMISOLES, 59c,
98c, $1.15 to $1.98
Of secco silk, of crepe de chine, of net and lace, and lingerie cloth, trimmings of organdie embroidery,
medallions, Van Dyke lace, insertions, headings, dainty rosebuds, wide ribbons and bows, and with lace or
ribbon shoulder straps. Colors are pink, white and blue. Fourth Floor
REAM IS BELIEVED
Captain Eberle Succeeds Rear
Actmiral at Academy.
NO REASON IS ASSIGNED
Head or Xavjr School at Annapolis
Transferred to Command of
Pacific Reserve Fleet
at Puet Sound.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 1. Rear
Admiral Fullam waa relieved today of
his assignment to the United States
Naval Academy to be succeeded by
Captain E. V. Eberle, now command
ant of the Washington Navy-Yard and
superintendent of the naval sun fac
Admiral Fullam will succeed Rear
Admiral Charles F. Pond. In command
of the Pacific reserve fleet at Puget
Sound, the latter being ordered to
Portsmouth, N. H., to be commandant
of the yard there.
Whllo Acting Secretary Roosevelt
issued the order for the new assign
ment, he acted at the direction of
Secretary Daniels, who is on a tour ofj
inspection of Atlantic Coast naval sta
tions. No reasons were given in the
department's announcement of the
Rear-Admiral Fullara was detailed as
superintendent of the academy Feb
ruary 7, 1914. His action last Spring
in recommending the dismissal of
seven midshipmen for Irregularities
led to an investigation by a board of
inquiry attended by revolutions con
cerning the widespread use of so-called
"dope" at examinations. Tho board
recommended the dismissal of two of
the midshipment and the imposition of
less severe penalties upon the others
Admiral Fullam now Js in command
of tbe academy, practice squadron.
which has Just passed through the
Panama Canal cm the homeward jour
ney from San Francisco. The order
for his relief at the academy becomes
effective September 20.
CENTRALIA LEVY IS SAME
City Taxes for 1915 Will Kqual
Last Year's. About 2 1 Mills.
CENTRALiIA. Wash.. Sept. 1. The
city tax levy for 1915 will be practically
the same as last year 15 mills for cur
rent expense and 6 mills for the retire
ment of old indebtedness. City Clerk
Mabel Lee, at the weekly meeting of
the City Commission yesterday, sub
mitted her estimate for next year, the
estimated expenses totaling $139,745
and the receipts S8C.575, leaving $54,170
to be raised by taxation. Of this lat
ter sum $15,013 is for the retirement
Included in the budget is $1500 for
parks, it being the apparent intention
of . the city .next year to purchase
enough additional land to the big tract
it already owns on the Skookumcbuck
River, west of this city, to make an
acceptable pleasure resort.
CHEMISTS DISCUSS SAVING
Lumber AVate Utilization Is Topic
at Seattle Gathering.
SEATTLE. Wash., Sept. I The
American Chemical Association today
discussed the commercial utilization of
waste products of the lumber industry.
Professor James R. Withrow, Univer
sity of Ohio, described the distillations
from hardwood. Professor S. F. Acree,
University of Wisconsin, denied that
German aniline dyes had driven vege
table coloring matter from the markets.
Herbert N. Crites, of Everett, Wash.,
read a paper on the use of ammonium
hydroxide. T. G. Thompson, University
of Washington, explained his experiments.
Ore Plat at Ashland Proposed.
ASHLAND, Or.. Sept. 1. (Special.)
A company has been incorporated here
to erect a reduction works for the
purpose of handling refractory ores on
the ground instead of shipping long
distances. Heretofore such ores have
been sent to Kenneth, CaL A specif!
rock used in the smelting process will
be available as a resultant fertilizer.
It being rich in lime and phosphates.
O. L. Young and associates are behind
the enterprise, which 4s being backed
alBo by mining men throughout this
Eight-Hour Law Violation Charged.
CHEHALIS, Wash.. Sept. 1. (Spe
clal.) Saturday, in Justice Westgver's
court. Kurd fc Decamp, who are build
ing the Prindle-street sewer in this
city, will face a charge of. working
their men more than eight hours ne
day on public work. Their defense will
be that the work was an emergency,
owing to quicksand being encountered.
What Internal Bathing la Doing for
The noted specialists of the medical
world have recently sounded so universal
a warning against accumulated waste in
the Lower Intestine that newspapers
throughout the country have taken it up
and published detailed reports their re
searches and operations.
The New York Times tells of a case
where a child had what was believed to
be an incurable form of Tubercular joint
disease. Waste in the Large Intestine bad
so affected it that all but nine inches were
removed. Tb result was astonishing in
a week's time, the internal organs re
sumed all their normal functions, and in a
few weeks the patient was annarotztly in
Publicity of this kind baa so awakened
tiie public that over three hundred thou
sand are now using Internal Baths to keep
the Lower Intestine free from this poison
By means of the MJ. B. L. Cascade the
scientific appliance for Internal Bathing,
Nature is gently assisted in keeping the
Colon absolutely clean with pure warm
water. Constipation, whicb leads to so
many dangerous ailments, is impossible
and you are kept regular.
Just try an Internal Bath with the J.
B. L. Cascade and see how clear, buoyant
and able you feel next morning in other
words, it will add 50 per cent, to your ef
ficiency and health, just as it has to tho
great army who are now using it.
You can see it at the Woodard Clark ft
Co-'s Drug Store in Portland,, who will
give you on request Dr. Tyrrell's treatise
on the subject called "Why Man of To-Day
Xa Only 50 Per. .Cent. Efficient."
11 A. M. to 11 P. M.
MATINEES 10c, EVENINGS 10c-15c
TODAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY
Clara. Williams and
Supported by an All-Star Cast P
A Drama of Love and Political Intrigue
Five Intense Acts of Plot, Counterplot and Political
Activity That Extend From Oregon
to Washington, D. C.
"HOME, SWEET HOME"
And Other Favorite Songs.
Latest News Events
THEDA BARA.in "The Two Orphans
PUIIM........... - SjZS.
CO l 0t
n-is v o a
First Performance Sunday at 2:30 P. M.
Open Next Sunday
New Frank Rich Company
Three Shows Daily 2:30, 7:30 and 9:00 P. M.
Opening Bill "Two Married Men"
Nights, Sun. Mats., 15 and 25
Week-Day Matinees, 10 and 15
Today Until Saturday
A very beautiful photo-play
founded on Ouida's novel, "Two
Little Wooden Shoes."
. - V A
r2f ' VIWIAN MARTIN 1
10 ADMISSION lQd CONTINUOUS 11 TO 11
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