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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 13, 1915)
TURKISH LOSSES 111
TP A TTD TODAY
li AJX. ONLY
OF BRITISH ALLIES
TEXAS DISTRICT WHERE REIGN OF TERROR IS REPORTED.
Reduced Lines, Blunders In
Dardanelles, Stupidity at
v. Home Draw Fire.
STRIKE IS HELD AMAZING
Carol) n WllMn Qaotn Pari Editor
as Commenliac Blterly'
"OIim of Treason" .falnt
All Allied Amir.
BT CABC1.TX Wlt-HOX.
Cmnsht. I : V r ih rw- Trllwras.
pstiuhed v srrsnmot.
PARIS. July SI. I suppose thero is
satisfaction ia tha world Ilka beln
ula to r. "I told yon so." It Is usu
ally til the thank or recompense on
has. " he aura, tor me esrij
or disclosure, or whatever tha caaa
Bit II is with a certain frellnr t
vindication that I ss the ench and
fcnallsh papers publish day aricr oar
snous crttlctama or too way me
MitniMii la carrylns; tha war,
and tvtl th open truth In regard to
the urlDuiD'ia or tb strIKO question.
Way last ytvember I wrota a series
of articles from England the first de
rogatory or critical one nica aaa
then been printed. for thesa I re-
mil deal or censure.
t th extent of a column In my ow
paper from a London correspondent
a-silm mv Tlewa tha superficial opin
ions of a person who had passed but
few weeks In London, whereaa to
writer bsd spent I loren now tne
enact number of years I. I think.
m ettins? to know th fcnllsn people.
Dunns- those day Great Britain was
tha sartor of Europe, th wane nope.
i all tha reat of thera Put tofetner.
Krance was a BK-e little country which
unfortunately did not know bow to
Eaataad Set la Belter Us at.
The first of March I was asked to
Ens-land aaaln to wrlta a aeries of
artK-les In supposition Beirut. 1 pr
sarae. that they would be favorable.
MowtTtr. I did not se England in
much better llcht than before. Perhaps
another hundred or so people were
awake to tha dancer and faulta of th
Urttlsn In all those four months.
iukuu nf Ihoia articles and bo-
causa of my plainly expressed"" views
n th way th British ar carrylns on
th war. I am now persona non grata
with many famtllea In England, and a
kindly soul, full of Christian intent,
baa been golnc around Paris saying 1
am pro-German, which has. of course,
made my work that much easier here
However, now every on seems to
bo awake to what th British really
are doing to th small amount of work
they are doing at th front, their re
duced lines, their terriblo blunders In
th Dardanelles, their I suppose there
Is no other word for It stupidity In
management of horn affairs.
In regard to this latest manifestation
-th coal strike in Wales Gustavo
Jlerve has a splendid editorial in th
ftuerr Social. He speaka of tha con
Jiin. . ih. Btrlk. and thn demands
f th workmen, continuing:
"Bat that we wa whose principal
coal mines ar occupied by th enemy
are lacking in fuel for our machines,
that is the least of their worries!
British, Bitterly Crltl-Wd.
"That they stop French and English
fartorles from th manufacture of
munitions what la that to them. Pro
Tided they ran make a little extra
money to swill down a few additional
glaaxe of whisky a day?
Til at their comrades at the front
who already haven't enough munitions
receive even less, thanks to their
strike, they don't rive a farthing.
"That because of their selfishness,
distrustful people, pessimists, and neu
rasthenics here In Franc hurry to
spread th newa that th English peo
ple are Indifferent to the martyrdom
of . Belgium and of our seven prov
inces occupied by Uermans all this Is
a preoccupation of too high a moral
ton to touch for an Instant their con
Oh. living begin to be expensive for
-Well, bow about th reat of their
countrymen and bow about oa. then?
"And the hundreds of thousands of
brave Britons who are in the trenches,
freezing In Winter, roasting In Sum
mer, under th perpetual danger of be
ing destroyed by a shetl or a bullet, of
being mutilated, or being asphyxiated
what of them: ar they so perfectly
comfortable every day?
-And th four or flv million french
men who hav left their bdsincsa. who
have seen their affairs ruined, who
have lost their positions and salaries,
whose families live on 31 rents a day.
who themselves make exactly I cent a
4ay do call theirs a bed of rosea?
FssllaSi Threshold Released.
"la defending th French soli Of
Arras, of Calais, and of Dunkirk, aren't
we at th fame time defending the
threshold of England and th thresh
old of Wales with If?
"We have a working class her In
France which has th reputation of
being hot-beaded. But It baa too much
sense, too much patriotism, too much
sentiment, too much Intelligence to
commit an Ignominy such as the Eng
lish miners commit at this moment.
- A strike at such a time? At a time
when we are all fighting for the lib
erie and Independence of Europe!
-Call It what you wish. 1 call It a
crime of high treason, not only against
England, but against France and all
th all lea."
Nor was Lloyd George himself In bis
speea-h to th miners mor compli
mentary, though he waa mor poll
tic. 11 recalled to the men what
France has done and ta doing In this
war a fact which a few million Eng
lishmen need brought bom to them.
There would seem to be a movement
oa foot to try to concilia. th French
people for the bad Impression which
Kncland has made, fir Henry Dalsell
asked yesterday In Parliament If It
might not be possible to have Journal
ists from the French newspapers go
over on a "personally conducted tour"
not. to be sure, that he put It exactly
that way In order that they might see
the good points of England.
IN. B. Advice to aforementioned
French Journalists take a magnifying
g1aa with yon.)
Ordnance Officer Kept in Service.
WASrllJfOTOJf. Aug. IS. Secretary
ftarrtsoa today declined to accept be
fore November 1 the resignation of
Major Wliford J. Hawkins, an ordnance
officer, who desired to leave the Army
to enter private employment. Bliga-dler-tieaeral
Crosier recommended that
th resignation be delayed until anoth
er officer could be prepared to take
Major Hawkins' place.
Oiina 1 hoMing a satleeal anthem retn
retitien. and eae "1 site sss submitted
ma te rsneeo- Th firvt re se liae
tnu- -it'u. t ubllrre meuatalna a
t"e mnft r'alns sttt thy greatness.
ntrr " ilmii soerjt cii-
ltisuoo. itirtmp'tvr bse sscrtfleed thetn
in la renir tie role to th peesle.
caissse allies a,cr laUlag.
o ;r . ys $ p H
? x? ! H hit &;
. bTreS jeaxU 1 O h - , .
T.P. ...era-tl.-. BHdg. Be.w. .row
a Tdy'a .'Newa. Ma Dlge
ALARM IS HOT FELT
Wilson Thinks Precautions on
ZAPATA ALSO IS IN LINE
Au ranee Jlepeated Tliat Mexican
SoTcrrlxnty Will "ot Be Imper
iled nijlit or Rrcoernltlon
to He Prrestire Vd.
fOestlnued rmm First Pae.
ay that th War Department expects
he Governor of Texas to deal with
urely domestic disorders In the state.
-The situation Is clearly dflned. he
said. "Insofar as disturbances relate to
reneilinr invasion of American terri
tory or to border uprising, they are
mailers to do nanoieu oy uww un
ion a force. To tn extent tnu in, ms
urbances are domestic and within the
tsts of Texas, they ar for th state
... i l.i k.aiiu Th. atate of
ficials hav been informed that the Fed
eral Government is powerless to Intsr-
' la tnese interna uimi
less they are beyond the control of the
etata and the Governor certuies con
ditions to th President of the United
Mates In a proper manner.
Whether the President would then
order Federal troops to take charge
of the Internal situation la a matter
entirely within bis discretion, as In the
recent Colorado strike case,
Stat Mllltla Available.
"The Oovernor of Texas can us the
State Militia and call upon every able
bodied el t lien to defend the rights of
the state. Whether the situation there
ia beyond the control of the stale I do
"Insofar as the Federal Government
Is concerned, the border troubles are
entirely la th bands of General Fun
ston. who baa been told he can have
ail the mobile Federal troops be want a
He has not asked tor any more."
Secretary Garrison said that all ap
peals to him from associations of Texse
cltlsens concerning the repeated bandit
raids hav been referred to General
Funston. It was pointed out that Fed
eral troops undoubtedly would be used
to follow any Mexican forces which
bad crossed the border and actually In
vaded American territory.
RAIDING BAND DISPERSED
Three Mecn Killed and 2S Sad
dle Horses Captured.
BROWNSV1IXE. Tex, Aug. 12. The
killing today of three Mexicans near
Mercedes. Hidalgo County. Texas, and
the capture of SI of the bandits' saddle
horses la the same vicinity led to the
belief that at least one of the bands
of Mexican raiders has been scattered.
Details of today's fighting In which
th three Mexicans were killed were
not avsllabl her tonight. Federal and
stat officials having adopted an atti
tude of reticence. They refused to dis
cuss the matter further than to an
nounce that three Mexican bandits had
Reports last night that several
hundred armed Mexicans were prepar
ing to ntr Texas from Mexico at a
point ten miles east of Brownsville
failed of materialisation and wr de
clared today to have had no founda
tion Excepting the fight In Hidalgo Coun
ty the situation In Cameron, Starr and
Hidalgo counties apparently was quiet
Mexican riot Investigated.
TOMBSTONE. Arto. Aug. 1J. Secret
service scents gad other Government
- .I.e. Teg. ,..
Tn is - ar
officials in conjunction with the Sheriff
began today an investigation of what
is believed to be a concerted move
ment among Mexicans In several min
ing camps of Southern Arljoni in sym
pathy with the rumored uprising in
Several shipments of arms and am
munition hav secretly been mad to
Mexican residents of Cochise and Pinal
counties during the past two days. The
mysterious shipment of Z rifles ad
dressed to a Mexican unknown to offi
cers or citizens at Dragoon, together
with secret meetings of Mexicans at
Johnson camp, aeven miles from Dra
goon, will be thoroughly probed.
Tk. ,-nM ann of Constable Gib
son, at Gleason. was aasaulton last
night by an unknown Mexican wno is
believed to have mistaken the boy for
his father, who has been active in sup
pressing activities of the Mexicans. The
w . . i ... Vinn t tha fsea and
several of his teeth knocked out.
BARNES RAPS SOCIALISM
CContlnueil From First Pare.i
authority which in all civilised alates
la embodied In the Legislature."
Mr. Wagner declared that the
proposal was "so absurd In this en
lightened time that If It came from
anyone of less Intellectuality than Mr.
Barnes It would be laughed out of
A. T. Clearwater, an ex-Justice of
the Supreme Court, made an eloquent
appeal for the proposal. The Immigra
tion of people from Southern and Kast
ern Kurope during th last 25 years
bad changed American Ideals, he said,
and predicted that If the Barnes pro
posal or one similar to It were defeated,
the country "would regret It before the
next constitutional convention."
In his speech. Mr. Barnes, referring
to the European war. said:
The splendid efficiency of the Ger
man war operations brings Into bold
relief the theory that the state should
be all In all and that the Individual
exists only as part of the machine.
This achievement may be admired or
not. It certainly Is not democracy and
cannot possibly work out to the de
velopment of the person himself, but
purchases his support as a piece In the
mechanism of autocracy."
BUssareVa Policy Cited.
In advocating legislation to car for
the working man, Mr. Barnes said that
Bismarck told the Reichstag such laws
would check Socialism. He than quoted
Roosevelt's words In advocating th
111 platform of the Progressive party
as "a check to Socialism and an anti
dote to anarchy." Commenting on th
two predictions. Mr. Barnes said:
"The enactment of state socialistic
legislation Is not a check to socialism,
but prepares the mind for it. Two
distinctly antagonistic Ideals can never
grow side by side within a state. The
principle of equality roust suffocate in
the atmosDhere of legislation for privi
lege. It is not within the power of the
human mind, having secured largesse-
something for nothing not to develop
further demands for acquisition with
Benevolent State" Des evinced.
Declaring the socialist Idea to he
chimerical and only a vision. Mr.
"The certain destination Involved In
thin kind of legislation will not be the
attainment of the socialistic ideal, but
the tyrannous autocratic state, not
democratic In a single form, but estao
llshed In th nam of democracy. The
benevolent state Inevitably breeds not
men and women, but dependents, ine
oppression of crowd - thought. crowd
Interest, crowd-demand for mediocrity
might even lead the human race back
to the protoplasm whence it emerged."
Italy to Bay Grain.
ROME, via Paris. Aug. 13. The
lateat official reports regarding the
harvest show that Italy needs 1S.600.O0O
quintals more of grain for her con
sumption until next year. A quintal
Is approximately X!0 pounds. Most of
this grain. It is understock, will be
bought in America
Sajttiseptlc ' Boon to mother,
asotbes and relieves chafed. Irritated skip ef fa.
fanta. Keeps kl f r-h and sweet, r'lne far
baby's leader skla. 60c. All druggists.
Photograph by Underwooa.
TAX IS CRITICISED
Objection Made to Complexity
of Income Law.
RESTATEMENT IS URGED
National Tax Association Muds 'o
Demand for Repeal, but Says
Statute at Present Is Diffi
cult to Understand.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 12. Seven
teen specific recommendations as to
points in which not only the language
but the subject matter of the Federal
income tax Is asserted to be in need
of alteration were made tonight in a
long committee report of the National
Tax Association, which is holding its
ninth annual conference here.
The general question of the desira
bility of the retention of the Income
tax as a part of the revenue system
waa not entered Into. According to
the report, there seems to he no de
mand In tha country for a repeal of
the law. but "there is, however, a gen
eral dissatisfaction with its complex
ity and strong objections to several of
Ita provisions, which are contrary to
the principles of lust taxation, work
unnecessary hardship, and the result
la unfair discrimination between vari
ous classes of taxpayers."
Verbal lafellrltlea" Criticised.
Th report devotes most of its at
tention to the problem of simplify
ing th law and suggesting such
changes "as will tend to make It op
erate more equitably." The committee
called particular attention to the need
of correcting "the many verbal infe
licities of the present law."
The report recognises that the con
struction of the act by the Treasury
Department has tended to clarify many
of its ambiguous passages, but. on the
other hand, asserts that such construc
tion has operated to the detriment of
the taxpayers' in several Instances,
notably that with regard to the deduc
tion of losses Incurred In trade,
Lower Exemption Reeosaaaeaded,
"Th language of the law," the re
port says, "is in need of great Im
provement. The lack of system In the
arrangement of sub-eectlona and par
agraphs, the long and Involved sen
tences and the frequent introduction
of provisos make the act most diffi
cult to understand."
A complete re-statement and clari
fication of the law is recommended.
Regarding specific exemption, the re
port reads: "The exemption of $3000
of Income to the individual citizen is
undoubtedly too high: and since the
Government needs- additional revenue,
the committee recommends that the
exemption be lowered to $2000."
RUSSIAN WARSHIP DAMAGED
Vessel Lying In Roumanian Road
stead, Making- Repairs.
BERLIN, Aug. 12. 'via London Aug.
1J. A Bucharest dispatch to the Vos
elsche Zeitung says a badly damaged
Russian warship, presumably the bat
tleship Sinop. Is lying In the outer
roadstead at Mangella. Roumania. The
warship is reported to be one of those
which attacked the Turkish coast July
2S-30. She struck a mine and barely
was able to reach Mangella. The ves
sel has not interned and is believed to
be making repairs.
The Sinop is a vessel of 11,032 tons,
built at Sebastopol in 18S7.
The discovery of flh slue Is attributed to
s MaachuMtta man. who. while making
ctroadcr, found that it stuck to bis ftnfers.
Russian Army Along Euphra
tes First Retreats, Then
Turns on Enemy.
PURSUIT IS CONTINUED
Ottoman Commander's Elongated
Communications Threatened and
He la Forced to Retire Quan
tities of Stores Captured.
PETROGRAD, via London, Aug. 12.
An explanation of the renewal of a
wholesale exodus of Armenians from
their country into Trans-Caucasia Is
found in an account of military opera
tions on tne Caucasus front since
After the Russians penetrated to
Mush 83 miles south of Erxerum) and
Plianan, Halil Bey, commander of the
Turkish forces in the Caucasus, reor
ganized his army, bringing its strength
up to 90,000, including six divisions of
infantry, one of cavalry and a large
knit, r, f T." ,,rA nnral V 1 1 .1 n i t f h
the Russian commander, thus faced
the alternative or nurneaiy aucmpi
lng to concentrate his forces in the
face of a strong Turkish army or re
treat and thua expose a large Arme
nian soDUlation to Turkish and Kur
Russia Mala Army Withdraws.
The Russian main army withdrew
along the right hank of the Euphrates,
. v. n rn,,..ir AM.imvfnir th left hank he-
ing held in partial check by rear
guard actions. On August 1 Jialil Bey
overtook a considerable body of.Rus-.1.-.
c.n.i.h.n nn the left bank
of the Euphrates. 12 miles southwest
of Kara Jtliissa. a line was uwU
from the northeast to the southwest
. T-.n 1.1 .1. vniUa north of Kara
Killssa to DJamschato, six miles south
west or tne important j".
covering the roads to Erivan.
t fmnt tha Turks ex-
111 lyK""" ' " ..
posed their communications, now 160
miles long, to attack from the direc
tion of Sari Kamysh. On August 3
General Eudenltch moved his forces
from the Sari Kamysh district south
eastward, threatening Halll Beys flank
and demonstrating against Erzenim. A
Russian detachment marched rapidly
by way of Ardos and Kara Uerbent
to Daiara. which is -20 miles west of
Turks Forced to Retreat.
i-. -y.iumn hai beaten the Turks
out of the important Merghe Mir Pass,
1& miles south of Kara Derbent. by
. . o i . . .teHsitis- farther
August o. . ----- -
eastward on the Alaschgerd road, had
a decisive success August o in
passes connecting Alaschgerd with
Dutacb, in tne iiupnratea vmjr.
i - .. t r, m Kv a hnvnnet attack.
drove the Turk's from their trenches,
capturing several hundred prisoners.
. MA-ntimA Yim Russians had
been successful on the main front east
of Alaschgerd. and the Turks were
compelled to retreat southwestward
along the Euphrates under threats of
a flank attack at Dutach. Russian
cavalry reached Dutacn ana anotner
point on the Eupnraies. iour nines
northward, on August 7.
tu. Tti.v. inat 300 nrisoners at
Dutach. Their total losses in the three
weeks campaign are esumatea at irora
15.000 to 20,000 men., besides a large
quantity of provisions and ammunition.
The Russians are continuing the pur
TAXICA3S WIN ON APPEAL
Supreme Court Says Seattle Exceed
ed Authority In Arrests.
UblwriA. i a o i .. - i- 1
The Supreme Court, in a decision,
find that the Superior Court of King
bounty, at ixaiue, wuo w. "
I T 1 ...!.... Y. Mnmn III. fftm
It enjoineu " v""'"" -
stationing cabs and soliciting passenger
and baggage traffic anywhere except
in a restricted area specified In a Seat
tle city ordinance.
the streets near depots and wharves
where taxia couiu suni.it uuaincao, anu
resorted to wholesale arrests of drivers
wnen wnvno nmii-"' L
solicltlng near depots on private ground
owned by transportation companies.
Willi JICI UI1DDIUU V fc.lW
wr German Credit Asked For.
LONDON, Aug. 12. A Reuter dls
mtrh from Amsterdam says: "A Ber
lin telegram received here says that in
a bill voted today by the Federal Coun
cil for a supplementary imperial bud
get for 1915 a new credit of 10,000.000.
000 marka (12.500,000,000) was asked
Edison's Latest Style Edison
Diamond Disc Phonograph
No Needles to Change
See and hear this new 1916 Model. It's a beauty.
Easy Monthly Payments.
GRAVES MUSIC CO.
131 Fourth Street, Near Morrison
THE ROYAL ACTRESS'
IN THE WM FOX SCREEN MASTERPIECE
Saturday One Day Only
WM. FARNUM in the NIGGER
FIRST TIME EVER SHOWN IN PORTLAND
GOVERNMENT ASKS MANUFAC
TURERS OP FACILITIES.
United States Expected to Be Heavy
Bayer for Defense After Open
ing of Next Cona-ress.-
wirhivotoS. Aug. 12. American
manufacturers of war supplies have
been asked by the War Department
for information concerning their ta
.m.i.. -may, tfcrtiRular reference to
what service the United States Gov
ernment can expect irom mem in
With virtually every pijij
i .1 iiml to its utmost
capacity filling enormous orders from
the European belligerents, army offi
cials want to know whether ex
pansion of facilities has kept pace
j -a .t whether the Gov-
WHO aciliaiiu - -
ernment would be certain of a source
of supply to supplement. u
of its arsenals and armories.
Even in ordinary times the Gov
ernment factories produce only a part
of the arms and ammunition for the
Army. Measures to strengthen the
National defense during the coming
session of Congress are :
is. s aI.ri w inrriued demands
result i ii
for supplies, aside from any emer
gency that may arise. Consequently the
War Department has instituted a gen
eral inquiry to tane wn i
YOUNG HUNTER WOUNDED
Roscburff Minister's Son in Danger
of Losing Arm.
. i if (Fneclal.)
-James McNabb, 16. a -on of Rev and
Mrs. McNabD. ?r tn - '--
carious condition i .
the result of a gunshot wound sus
tained, while bunting near Roseburg
'"Te'youns man had laid his gun on
the ground, and while attempting to
pick It up It was discharged. The
rge penetrated hU right arm. be
tween the eioow im .
t h bones or mo ' 111 " v . ,
injured. The attending physicians are
n hopes of saving the arm. although
amputation may be necessary.
Tldelands Xot to Be Sold.
r,- a,,-. 12. (Special.)
Upon the' suggestion of Attorney-Gen
eral Brown, who was asked for an
opinion, the State Land Board today de
cided not to sell tldelands on the Co
lumbia River in Multnomah and Hood
River counties to the Oregon-Washington
. Railway & Navigation Company.
The land consists of a narrow strip
abutting the right of way of the rail
road on the Columbia River. Mr.
Brown suggested that It was Inadvis
able to sell the land to the railroad,
since Its value probably would greatly
increase in a few years.
Cottage Grove Elks' Jinks August 22
COTTAGE GROVE, Or.. Aug. 12.
(Special.) The Elks' high Jinks will
be held here August i2, not next Sun
day, as announced. The Elks want the
visitors here on time and a big time Is
Milk is obtained In the Philippines mslnly
from the carsbso.
TWO DAYS MORE
The Emotional Artiste
In a Drama of Woman's
A Picture Every Man and
Woman Should See
A Picturization of
Chauncey Pollock's Play
"The Secret Orchard"
Today and Tomorrow Only
The Last Time to See
of the Moon
7 GREAT REELS 7
The Teamsters Strike, the Riot
That Follows, 2000 Angered
10c-" m- t 11 p- m--10c
- Gretna Green