Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 13, 1915)
VOL. LI V. NO. 17,073. mini, -iu, y,w., -
TROUBLE Oil BORDER
Precautions Taken Be
PEACE PLAN IS DISCUSSED
Carranza's Dissent, Villa's
ZAPATA ALSO IS IN LINE
Anrance Repeated That Mexican
Sovereignty Will Tic Be Imper
iled Right of Recognition
to Be Jreore Vsed.
WASHINGTON. Aug. St That Gen
eral Cai-rans baa flaly refused to en
ter Into a pear con f err nee. while the
Villa and Zapata element In Mexico
already were preparing for one, wm
revealed officially here today, on the
return of President Wilson from Cor
nish. X. If. A comprehensive account
of the situation was laid before the
President by Secretary Lansing.
The Secretary told the President that
official reports Indicated the aituatlon
In the vicinity of Brownsville was of a
local character, and quiet prevailed at
Vera Crus. where there had been aome
anti-fretgn demonstrations. II out
lined the discussion of peace plana at
the New Tork conference yesterday of
the Fan-American diplomats.
rreeaarWaa Believed fflctcat.
Neither th President nor Secretary
Lanslna; waa Inclined to view the situ
ation as requiring; any further precau
tionary measures than have been taken
In sending; battleships to Mexican
waters and more Federal troops to the
Texas border. They devoted most of
their time to a discussion of the inter
American plan on which they are
placing their hopes for th early re
storation of pear In Mexico.
Th appeal to all factions baa not yet
been sent, although algned by Secre
tary Lansing and the Ambassadora and
ministers of the six Central and South
American governments participating In
the conference. A list of chiefs, gen
erate and governors Is being compiled,
and as soon as the locations of all are
determined the appeal will be tele
graphed simultaneously to every part
ramau Make Flat HefwaaL
On th eva of thla action cam th
announcement from th Villa agency
her tonight that General Carransa
had flatty refused to agree Id a peace
conference and would treat with his
opponents only on terms of uncondi
Incidentally. Secretary Lansing re
vealed that General Villa recently had
Informed th Stat Department that
fce waa willing to sign an axmUtlc for
three month or longer, la th course
ef which a peace conference might be
Indications ar that both th Villa
ad Zapata elementa ar preparing to
receiv favorably th appeal of th
failed Stta and the Latin-American
republics. They already ar planning a
Os-ttaaUae Is M Changed.
Th appeal signed by th American
diplomat In New Tork yesterday la
addressed to all the leaders Generals
and Governors In Mexico, and will be
made public In a day or two. General
Carranza's diepteasur over th effort
ef the Latin-American countrlea I
conjunction with th United States
doea not alter the feeling of optimism
among officials and, diplomats, who de
clare unwarranted th Inference that
any attempt la to b mad to Invade
Tha reply of th Minister for For
eign Affalra ef Argentina to General
rarransa. Issued by the Carranxa agency
here. In which It was said that th
Lalln-Amerlcan countries specifically
understood at th outset of their con
ference that there was to be no Impair
ment of Mexlco'a sovereignty, repre
sents th views of the United States
Government, whose present effort. It
was officially announced today, la to
obtain peace without resort to meas
ures of force or Interference la tha In
ternal affalra of Mexico.
Appeal la Ferns f laejalry.
Tha United States and th Letln
An.ertcaa governments, according to
the explanation given In high official
quarters. Intend merely to exercise Ju
diciously th International right of
awarding formal recognition to a gov
ernment in a neighbor country com
posed of elements which seem most
capable of giving th necessary guar
antee of life and property and of com
plying with international obligations.
The appeal addressed by th seven
governments take th form of an In
quiry to determine which of the fac
tions or elements are willing to re
habilitate tha natlon'a aovereignty.
Thoj elements which respond will be
considered as exponents of National
patriotism In Mexico, while those who
refuse to enter Into such a plan will
Secretary Lansing aald today ha waa
sot certain when the La tin-American
diplomats would b called Into con
ference again. Most likely th next
session will be held within three
weeks, for th present plan la to wait
tea days after the reception of th ap
peal before considering any replies re
ceived. Secretary Garrison mad It plain to
tCeaelwded ea 1 Cceieasa 2.J
" 1 1 I
FOLK PLAN FIGHT
OWNERS TLACE BAR TO MOVE
TO CHANGE NAME.
Ed far lock Point Ont Official
Registration and Threatens to
Cloee Property to Public.
HOOD IUTVER, Or, Aug. 11 When
the State Highway Commission seeks
to change th nam of Mitchells Point
to Ptorm Cliff, they will find that they
will be unable legally to do eo. Edgar
Locke, who owna tha larger portion of
tha great basalt barrier, hi line ex
tending over th crest and well down
tha west side, has registered officially
th name of Mitchells Point under a
state law passed by th 111 Legisla
ture. I wrote to the Governor thla afternoon.-
said Mr. Locke, who waa In the
city today, 'and told him that If the
name of th scenic point waa changed
I Immediately would place trespass
signs on tha property and refuse to ad
mit campers on the property.
"For 1J yeara Hood River people have
visited th rock. Nearly every day
during the Summer months I can hear
someone calling to me from tha top of
Big Mitchells. If the old name la al
lowed to remain unchanged. 1 do not
care how many tourists travel over the
Mr. Locke aaya the Point waa orig
inally a part of the Hayes donation
"I have the old papers at home now'
be remarked. "They ar signed by
Ulysses 8. Grant. Mr. Mitchell, for
whom the place la named, lived there
tS yeara ago.
George Martin and C. VY. Parker, who
own the wast has of the cliff, also are
protesting against a change In name.
CENTRALIA REVENUES FAIL
Shortage of. St 0,000 la Caused by
Liquor Licenses Expiring.
CENTRALIA. Wash, Aug. 1. (Spe
cial) While moat cities In Washing
ton will suffer financially In 11 by
the state going dry. Central! finds
itself about 110.900 short on thla year's
When City Clerk Mabel Le prepared
her budget last year arte figured 111.020
saloon licenses among th receipts.
Three of the license expire next
month, however, four In October and
two in November, so that Instead of
81 1.000. th city will collect only about
In nearly all departments the city is
keeping under its 11 estimate, so that
wlu strict economy practiced between
now and tha first of th yar it It pos
sible that the ahortage will be
DR. HEXAMER DUE SUNDAY
Head of German-American Alliance
to Be Entertained In City.
rr. C J. Hexaroer, re-elected preal
dent of th National German-American
Alliance at the convention held last
week la San Francisco, will arrive In
thle city eSunday night. August IS. at
10:1( P. M. from San Francisco, He
will be met by officials of th local
German-American Alliance and ea
corted to the Imperial Hotel. Th Na
tional Alliance baa a membership of
Monday morning Dr. Hexamer will
attend a meeting of tha American Neu
trality League at th German 1 louse,
and at noon he will be the honor guest
of th German -Americana at lunch.
In th evening he will address a mass
meeting at th German House.
RESTORED OFFICER PLACED
Colonel C 1 Perkins, Once Retired,
Marine Commander at Bremerton.
ORECONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Aug. 11. Colonel C K. Perkins,
of the Marine Corps, who waa restored
to the active list by direction of Con
gress after having been retired by the
Navy Department, waa today appointed
commandant of th marine barracka at
Colonel Perkins' case attracted wide
attention. It being alU-ged he was un
justly retired for disability while hold
ing the rank of Lleutenant-ColoneL In
restoring him to th active list. Con
gresa promoted him to tha grnd "t
FOREST FIRE GETS AWAY
More Men Are Sent to light Flames
Near San Bernardino.
SAN BERNARDINO. CaL, Aug. 1J.
The forest fire In Lyttle Creek Canyon
leaped the nre brake today and la on
Ita way farther Into the spruce Umber
which waa attacked last night.
Th flames already have destroyed
timber and the watershed brush cover
ing 20)0 acres. Forty additional men
were dispatched to the canyon today.
Many of the men on th scene had been
on duty for ti hour and were ex
hausted. U. S. HOLDS SPY SUSPECT
Man Who Say He la German la
Charred With Mapping Coast.
TALLAHASSEE. . Fla.. Aug. 11.
August Orbolph. held her today for
arraignment on a charge of having
made drawings of military reservations
and lighthouses along the coast, claims
German nationality, according to Jail
officers. He denied, they said, reports
that he waa of Austrian birth.
Orbolph waa arrested by Federal
officers aa ha waa hoarding a train
T. R. WITH BISMARCK
Check on Socialism
PROPOSAL STIRS OPPOSITION
New York Constitution Makers
in Lively Debate.
TYRANNY DECLARED GOAL
Benevolent State, Saja Mr. Barnes,
Breeds Pependenta and Oppres
sion of 'Crowd-Interest la
ALBANY, X. T Aug. . Willam
Barnes. Jr.. today warned the constitu
tional convention, now in session here,
that If a stop were not put to what
he termed "socialistic' or class legisla
tion, there would be established In this
country an autocratic state similar to
that of Germany, "denying utterly the
American theory of equality."
Incidentally, th Republican leader
compared Theodore Roosevelt to Bis
marck and asserted that the Progres
sive party had inaugurated and waa
advocating the identical policy which
had caused the Socialist party In Ger
many to become the largest single
group in the Reichstag.
Mr. Barnes- warning and attack on
the Progressives was contained Jn ' a
speech urging the convention to adopt
his amendment prohibiting the Legisla
ture from passing minimum wage, old-
age pensions or similar laws.
Proposal Meets Opposition.
George W. Wlckersham. majority
leader of the convention and ex-United
Statea Attorney-General; Jacob Gould
Schurman, prealdent of Cornell Uni
versity, and Robert F. Wagner, Demo
cratic leader of th Senate, opposed
th proposal. -
"I protest against seriously consid
ering writing Into the fundamental law
of ' tha state a provision that Is In
violation of every dictate of civilised
enlightenment and progressiva - gov
ernment." Mr. Wlckersham aald. Sac
rificing everything to the Moloch of
th Ideal of equality. It would. Instead
of preventing New Tork from imitat
ing the example of Germany, erect thla
stat Into aa Imperial, as hearties a
social organisation aa th worst ene
mies of Germany accuse It of being."
Mr. Scharaaaa Scents Danger.
Mr. Schurman professed to see 'dy
namite' In tha proposal.
"For the sake of theory of govern
ment which I think erroneous," he said.
"Mr. Barnes propose to discriminate
against tha industrial classes. Gentle
men. I warn you there la dynamite In
hia proposal. If you adopt It, it la lia
ble to dissolve existing political par
ties, to create clasa antagonism in the
stat and ultimately to Impair, if In
deed It does not undermine, that au
thority on whjch all government rests
L'onciuded on Page 1. Column X
n,Tv irniTST ig. . PRICE FIVE CTEXTS.
I INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TBSTERDAY8 Mtxlmnm temperature, 80
degrees; minimum. 02 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair: northerly winds.
Turks lose heavily in second campaign In
Caucasus. Psge 2.
lAbor of German prisoners transforms
Morocco. Page 12.
French critical of BrltUh allies. Page X.
Wilson believes present precautions on Mex
ican border sufficient. Page 1.
New Japanese Foreign Minister Is friend of
America. Page 3.
Wllsnn confers with Daniels on defense pro
gramme. Page S.
Lieutenant Redonda B. Sutton, of Portland.
injured by fall in Army plane. Page S.
Moose divided on timing of return. Perkins
being accused. Page IS.
William Barnes. Jr.. compares Roosevelt
with Bismarck. Page 1.
Callfornlan plana mall-order liquor business
(or Orison and Washington. Page V.
Teaching of thrift la public schools advised.
Page e. .
Classification of Income tax law demanded.
Multnomah Clob may stage 1016 wrestling
championships. Psge JO.
Pacific Ccast league results: Portland 1,
Vernon 2; Los Angeles 4, Oakland J;
San Francisco . ball Lake 2. Page 10.
Mlas Fording Is double winner at Seattle
tennis tournament. Psge 10.
Final link In hlchwsy from Inland Empire
to sea Is dedicated. Page J.
Oregon hop crop estimated below lOO.OOti
bales aXter extensive inspection. Fase o.
Mitchells Point folk plan fight to block
move to change name. Page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
New Psrr-McCormiek line steamers are ex
pected to compete tor northbound Coast
freight. Page 1-
Further advances In local barley market.
Wheat higher at Chicago, owing to buying
by millers. Psse li.
War contract atocka lead In Wall-street
trading. Psge IS.
Portland and Vicinity.
Committer tells Mr. Baker of suggestions
to find Jots for Jobless. Page 18.
Defense In Cashier trial rests suddenly.
Bsnk Kxamlner choice causes state Demo
crats to mourn. Psge 11.
Investigator absolves retail men of in
fluencing mart campaign. Page .
Federal Trade commission to meet in Port
land today. Page 11.
New territory Is Invsded for buyers. Psge .
Weather report, data and forecast. Psge IS.
IPS FRIDAY; ALSO 13TH
Knock Wood, Be Cautions In
Things, Is Sage Advice.
Then knock wood again. Today Is
the day when black cats are unusually
fetal. Dreams of weddings today are
interpreted by dream experts as cer
tain death. The best spook authorities
consider all dreams dangerous today,
for this Is Friday, the- 13th.
Last year's almanac says that Fri
day, the 13th, Is unlucky for all who
were not born on that day. The same
authority advises all others not to
start Journeys today. The booklet pre
scribes care in watching all foodstuffs,
lest they be Inoculated with the Juice
of the deadly yew tree.
"Don't pick mushrooms today," says
the pamphlet, "for they may prove
"If you are married," says the book,
again, "be careful how you address
your wife. If you ar not, knock
"In conclusion." saya the almanac,
"be cautious In all things today."
For this Is Friday, the 13th.
Germans Sink Two Smacks.
LONDON. Aug. 12. Th fishing
smacks Ocean Gift Ksperance and
George Borrow have been sunk. Their
crews were landed.
A SLIGHT INTERRUPTION.
for 7 Defendants.
MENEFEE EXONERATES OTHERS
Responsibility Is Taken for All
of Company's Action.
REBUTTAL OPENS T0L$
Arguments on Motion to Dismiss or
Instructed Verdict Are Expected
to .Occupy Day. and Jury
to Get Case xt Week.
The defense In the United States
Cashier Company trial, which has now
been In session for 26 days before
a jury In Federal Judge Bean's Court,
came to a sudden halt yesterday after
noon. Just after the cross-examination and
redirect examination of Frank Mene
fee. president of the company, had
been concluded, and after lawyers for
five of the other six defendants had
asked him a few questions, attorneys
for all seven defendants announcsd that
they rested their cases.
This strategic move took the whole
courtroom by surprise. Even Judge
Bean looked a bit mystified. Everyone
had expected the defense to continue
probably for another week, at least.
Rebuttal to Open Today.
United States Attorney Reames an
nounced that he would he ready to
Introduce his rebuttal testimony at 10
o'clock this morning. He said ho ex
pected to have all this testimony in
within an hour.
The remainder of the day probably
will be taken up with arguments by
attorneys for the defense and counter
arguments by the Government, for an
instructed verdict and dismissal of the
charges against the Government.
The Jury, of course, win be excused
before these arguments begin, probably
until next Monday at 2 o'clock.
Arguments May Laat Several Days. '
Following this, unless the motions
for dismissal should be granted in be
half of all the defendants, will come
the closing arguments to the Jury.
These may take several days, as at
torneys for each defendant will un
doubtedly wish to present separate
arguments. Instead o'f having one or
two attorneys argue for alL.
In any event. It will probably be well
Into next week before the case goes to
th Jury. . ,
As th case now stands, Frank Men
efee, who was on the stand for the bet
ter part of five days in his direct and
cross-examinations, has shouldered vir
tually the' whole burden of all the
defendants. Mr. Menefee gave testi
mony to exonerate In one way or an
other all six of the other defendants.
In eo doing he took upon himself
practically the entire responsibility for
Concluded on Page :t. Column 1.)
MAIL ORDER LIQUOR
FOR OREGON IS AIM
380,000 TIPPLERS OF THIS
STATE, WASHINGTON WSTED.
Enterprising Californlan Erects
Large Warehouse In Border Town
and Tillage Boom Is On.
REDDING. CsX. Aug. 12. (Special.)
The names of 380,000 tipplers in Ore
gon and Washington are catalogued
and arranged in an alphabetical Index
by a mall order liquor bouse that Is
preparing to open for business In Horn
brook, the California town nearest to
the Oregon-California line. Oregon and
Washington states will go dry Janu
ary 1 next.
The lav states allows, after
V- new year, any per-
v ..o states to purchase
. bottles of beer and two
t-vO . mottles
of whisky every four
The enterprising dealer in Hornbrook
who proposes to shoot alcohol across
the state line into Oregon and Wash
ington, has built a warehouse 100 feet
long and 80 feet wide, in which he will
store his alcoholic beverages.
. A fireproof, burglar-proof safe has
been built. In which are kept the naraqs
and addresses of the 380,000 tipplers of
Oregon and Washington, who. It seems,
will be likely purchasers. '
The value of town lots in Hornbrook
has advanced SO per cent the last three
months, or since the .property oa-ners
realized the geographical advantage
they have in dealing with "booze ship
ments to the northern states.
A second mail order house has bought
a large lot and proposes to enter into
the business which promises such hand
some returns from the dry states north
SCHOOLS TO DEBATE 'ARMY'
Military Service Question Chosen
by League Committee.
SALEM, Or., Aug. 12 (Special.)
Oregon high schools thle year will de
bate the question of military service
for young men of the United States
after some plan analagous to the Swiss
The executive committee of the Ore
gon High School League that made the
decision today consists of R. L. Kirk,
of ' Springfield; President P. L. Camp
bell, of the University of Oregon; J. A.
Churchill, State Superintendent of Pub
11c Instruction; Cornelia Marvin, State
Librarian, and Earl Kilpatrlck. of the
extension division of the University of
Last year 41 Oregon high schools
took part in the league contests, the
championship going to Salem High
TURKS INCJTE FILIPINOS
Sultan Urges Mohammedans to Re
ligious War, Says Consul.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 12. (Spe-
clal.) The Sultan of Turkey has been
inciting the Mohammedan residents of
the Philippines and the East Indies to
a religious war, according to G. M.
Hanson, United States Consul at Sanda
kaiv Borneo, who arrived here on the
transport Logan from Manila today.
Special priests have been sent
through the Jolo archipelago and the
East Indies spreading the war doctrine,
according to Hanson, but they have
met With little success.
The Sultan of Sulu is head of the
Mohammedan faith in that section of
the world, but has not taken an active
part in the propaganda. It is said.
GERMAN CONSENT NEEDED
Informal Inquiry Made as to Beet
WASHINGTON. Aug. 12. Informal
negotiations were begun today by the
foreign trade advisers of the State De
partment to ascertain whether Ger
many will agree to the terms on which
Great Britain has consented to permit
exportation to the United States of
60,000 bags of German beet seed.
Germany stipulated some time ago
that . any such shipment must go
through a German port and that In
exchange an equal value of wheat,
forage or meat must be given. Now
Great Britain requires that the ship
ment be made through a neutral port
and that no exchange of commodities
AUSTRIA HAS EARTHQUAKE
Shocks of Exceptional Severity Are
Felt at Laibaoh.
AMSTERDAM, via London, Aug. 12.
A dispatch to the Frankfurter Zeitung
from Laiba.cn, Austria, under date of
August 11, says that extraordinarily
severe earth, shocks, the strongest of
any recorded Bince the establishment of
the observatory there, were registered
at frequent Intervals yesterday.
The most violent shock occurred at
10:14 A. M. Information concerning
the main zone of disturbances is lack
ing, but the secondary zone embraces
all of Southern Italy, where undulatory
FOURTH HUSBAND IS TAKEN
Lexington, Or., Woman of 4cJ Bride
of J. H. Hurd, or Mill City.
.ALBANY, Or., Aug. 12. Mrs Ida
May Beckett, of Lexington, Or., be
came a bride for the fourth time at the
age of 42, when she was married to J.
H. Hurd, of Mill City, here last even
ing. Mr. Hurd is 46.
The ceremony was performed by
County Judge McKnlght. w
TO SEA CHRISTENED
Governor Leads Auto
Party Over Road.
TOWNS UN ROUTE CELEBRATE
From Inland Empire to Ocean
Is Slogan on Trip.
IMPORTANCE IS REALIZED
Julius L. Meier, S. Benson and
Many Other Prominent Men Take
Fart in Dedication and Fes
tivities at Gearhart.
BY SHAD O. KRANTZ.
GEARHART, Or., Aug. 12. (Spe
cial.) "From the Inland Empire to th
Sea" became a reality today so far as
highway travel is concerned. A bat
tery of more than 40 automobiles trav
eled over the newly completed Co
lumbia River Highway from Portland
to Gearhart and made the distance of
12S miles In less than seven hours'
The Columbia River Highway be
tween Portland and the eea thus was
officially christened. The highway
east of Portland into the Inland Em
pire already had been opened, so to
day's performance served to complete
the connection between the Inland Em
pire and the sea.
Banners bearing the appropriate le
gend "From the Inland Empire to the
Sea" were borne on every one of the
long line of automobiles that made the
trip out of Fortland this morning. They
were intended to impress on the people
along the route the important part that
the new avenue of travel will play In
their, future development, if indeed
the people were not already, impressed
Importance Is Realised.
To those who made the trip, however,
it was apparent that the people of
Western Multnomah, Columbia and
Northern Clatsop counties fully realize
the importance of the new road. Every
city, every village and every hamlet
was in gala dress for the occasion. Peo
ple gathered from the countryside for
many miles around to do the occasion
honor. The small settlements were
decorated with bunting and American
flags, and cheering "Welcome" signs
were stretched across the road to greet
All the municipalities along the lower
river declared a holiday. The populace
everywhere knocked off work for th
day and Joined in the spirit of celebra
tion. At St. Helens, Clatskanle and
Rainier formal . exercises were con
ducted In honor of the highway's chris
tening. At Gearhart the festivities con
tinued far into the night.
Roads Value Is Seen.
The Portland folks who made the
trip, if they were not convinced before
they started, became convinced today
that the Columbia River Highway Justi
fies the time, the money and the effort
expended in its construction.
"If seeing is believing," said Julius
L. Meier, president of the Highway As
sociation, "I am convinced that every
ono who was in this party today be
lieves that the Columbia River High
way will serve a valuable purpose, not
only to the country that it touches di
rectly, but to the whole state as well
"It not only affords Portland an easy
overland route to the ocean, but It an
swers an even more worthy purpose,
it redeems thousands upon thousands
of fertile acres to development that
heretofore have been neglected on ac
count of the lack of proper transpor
tation facilities. It opens some more
of God's own country for settlement."
Mr. Meier, as head of the associa
tion that first advocated the new road,
congratulated those who have been in
strumental in the work of building it.
Mr. Meier's own machine, which he
drove and which carried Governor
Withycombe and Senator Chamberlain,
was the first to leave the Benson Ho
tel. It was precisely 7:30 o'clock. This
car kept the lead nearly all the way
and arrived in front of the Gearhart
Hotel this afternoon at exactly 4:30
o'clock. Just nine hours out of Port
land. But time allowance must be made
for more than an hour devoted to tho
lunch and an informal reception at
Clatskanle, about 15 minutes for the
reception at St. Helens, a similar length
of time for other brief stops, and about
15 minutes for a delay due to the car
sticking in the sand at Columbia Beach,
an aggregate of about two hours of
elapsed time, or a net running time of
seven hours for the entire trip.
Detoar Consumes Time.
A long detour through the forests
and over some steep grades between
Rainier and Clatskanle also consumed
about an hour. As soon as some
bridges now being built across Beaver
Creek are completed this detour will
be unnecessary, and the running time
between Portland and the sea can be
reduced to six hours, and no great ex
ertion will be required at that.
Aside from the mishap on Columbia
Beach, the progress of the trip was not
marred by any unnatural incidents,
and this delay was by no means
serious. All hands got. out and helped
to lift the machine back onto tho
planking The last 11 miles of the trip
was made over the beach sands and
" tCuacluded ou fase 11. Column 2.