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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 31, 1915)
the morning oregoniax. Saturday, jtjly pa, ioi5.
FRENCH BRING NEW
FLYER INTO ACTION
More Powerful Engines and
Heavier Armament Features
of Mysterious Chaft.
PARIS' SAFETY ASSURED
Germans Also Develop Strong An
- t agon I st, but France Believes It
Has Revolutionized This
Form of Warfare.
PAJUS. July 15. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) The armed
aeroplanes, officially reported to have
bombarded a train and obliged a Ger
man flying- machine to alight, are sup
posed to be the new flyers that have
been the subject of much mysterious
private talk, but of which nothing has
been known officially.
From many allusions to this new
arm, it appears that it is expected to
accentuate the superiority which the
French declare they have gained over
German aviation. The German ma
chines were better prepared for war
fare at the beginning, had more pow
erful motors and could outdistance
French machines in an air chase.
Raids on Capital Ended.
The French brought out more and
more powerful motors, protected some
of their machines with steel plates
and armed them with special guns.
These machines in the hands of civilian
aviators, who volunteered for the war
and who have specialized themselves in
the chase of German aircraft, put an
end to the aeroplane raids upon Paris.
Recently the Germans announced the
appearance of new machines, sup
posed to surpass everything yet pro
duced, with four propellers and two
motors to each propeller. A letter
from a French aviator says regarding
an engagement with one of these ma
chines: "Each time he passed me, the ma
chine gunman fired a whole band of
cartridges it was a hail of bullets.
Then the machine swung around and
came back above me.
Ammunition Is Exhausted.
Four times ne repeated the maneuver
and it seemed each time I could see
the bullets. My passenger and I flred
all our ammunition, but the machine
was too fast for us. Then we turned
to draw the enemy toward our lines.
At 1200 meters he scented the ruse and
As fast and efficient as these' new
German machines may be, the French
say that their new air engines will
further revolutionize this kind of war
fare. BRITAIN EXECUTES 2 SPIES
Ten Others, Including One With
American Passport, Await Trial.
LONDON, July 30. The following of
ficial statement was made public to
night: "It is officially announced that two
prisoners who were charged with es
pionage were tried by general court
martial on the 16th and 17th. They
were found guilty and sentenced to
death and the sentences having been
fully confirmed, were carried out this
The British government in an of
ficial statement Thursday dealing with
the question of espionage said that in
addition to five persons whose con
viction already had been announced,
10 other persons had been apprehended
and would be tried for spying. One of
these was a German with an alleged
lorgea American passport.
FRANCES, WASH., BURNS
righting Cats Start Fir That De
FRANCES, Wash., July 80. Fighting
cats overturned a lighted lamp in the
oil room of a general store here to
night and the resulting fire practically
wiped out the town. The estimated
loss is 125,000. The Northern Pacific
station, one hotel and one storeroom
were all that were saved. The build
ings were of wood placed close to
gether. The town has no Are apparatus.
The screams of Mrs. John Kassa,
who was confined in the oil room
through the snapping of a spring lock
on tho door, caused rescuers to break
in just in time to save her life.
BRITISH LOSE TRENCHES
Germans Make Successful Attack
With Fire in Belgium4.
jju.i. juiy at. TBe following
ouiciai statement was given out by
the British War Office Friday night:
"This (Friday) morniner the pntmv
began a bombardment of our trenches
north and south of Hooge (east of
Ypres, Belgium) and followed this by
an attack with flame projectors, de
livered chiefly against the trenches
recently captured by us at Hooge.
"By this time the enemy succeeded
in penetrating our first line trenches
on a iront of about 500 yards. The
ngnung is still in progress."
HOLLAND INCREASES ARMY
New Landsturm Bill Provides for
Total of 550,0 00 3Ien.
THE HAGtTE. Netherlands, July 30.
The new Dutch land landsturm bill
was adopted Dy the nrst chamber to
aay ana oecame a law.
The measure provides for an even
tual increase In the total trained sol
diers of Holland to approximately 650.
000 officers and men instead of 330.000
who are now under arms.
Allies' Aviators Bombard Freibnrg.
LONDON. July 31. A dispatch to
Router's Telegram Company from Am
sterdam says it Is off icially announced
in Berlin that three allied airmen ap
peared early Friday over Freiburg and
dropped several bombs. One civilian
was killed and six civilians were
wounded. The material damage done
is declared to have been unimportant.
Osteopaths Can Obtain Narcotics.
WASHINGTON, July 30. Federal
regulations under the Harrison anti
drug law changed today to permit reg
istry of osteopaths, so they may ad
minister drugs In those states where
they are registered by law as prac
MAP SHOWING GREAT "U" WHICH THE GERMAN ARMY HAS t
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Comprehensive and Detailed Drawing; Sbowlnx the Autro-GrrmiD I. In
the Kali of 'Which on la Believed Cert:
E INS CLOSING IN
East Line of Russian Retreat
Is Now Cut Off.
INVADERS CROSS RAILROAD
Military Experts of Allied . Nations
Regard Complete Envelopment
of Czar's Armies as Possi
ble Torch ' Is Applied.
LONDON, July 30. Further im
portant successes in their apparent plan
not only to capture Warsaw and all
Poland but to envelop the entire Rus
sian army, are reported today by both
tne (jerman and Austrian headquar
ters. The entire Russian front has been
"shaken," according to the official
communication given out in Berlin,
while the Austro-Germans have suc
ceeded in penetrating the Russian lines
at many places.
General Von Mackensen has suc
ceeded in crossing the railroad between
Lublin and Chelm, southeast of War
saw and Ivangorod. General Woyrsch's
army has crossed the Vistula at sev
eral places south of Ivangorod.
It is regarded likely here that the
Russians have abandoned the fort
ress of Ivangorod, the German com
munication saying that the enemy has
evacuated positions all along the line.
wmch would leave Ivangorod unten
able, according to military experts.
In their retreat the Russians are ao-
plylng the torch to everything that the
Austro-fc,ermans might find useful, ac
cording to the Vienna official report.
which says that even grain fields are
With the advance of General Von
Mackensen across the railroad east of
Lublin, the Russians about Warsaw
are deprived of one line of retreat.
and French and British military ob
servers no longer consider that the
Russians are assured of protecting the
Warsaw-Petrograd line from the in
vader, in which event the Czar's armies
would to ail intents and purposes be
TURKS OBTAIN SUPPLIES
Sustained Artillery Fire Itesumed'
With Fresh Ammunition.
LONDON. July 30. The Times Mvtt
lene correspondent says that the Turks
have obtained large supplies of heavy
ammunition and resumed a sustained
Two new German submarines which
were brought overland are ready for
service in the uuii or Smyrna. A block
ade of the coast of Asia Minor from
the straits of bcanalova is being vig
orously maintained by the Anglo
French fleet. v
OIL SOUGHT AT TOPPENISH
Tacoma Interests Are Ieasing Lands
to Sink Test Wells.
TOPPENISH. Wash.. July 30. (Soe
ciaL) M. J. Bond, said to represent
the Hewitt financial Interests of Taco
ma, has been in this locality the past
weea: taxing leases on land lor him
. t 1
self and associates with the avowed
purpose of boring for oil. Mr. Bond
says several test wells will be sunk,
and that examinations have given rise
to the belief that there Is a strata of
oil underlying this region.
Twenty-eight cars of hay were
shipped from here yesterday at from
9 to 1J per ton f. o. b. Cantaloupe
shipping has begun and will be fol
lowed by peaches in car lots by Mon
BOLT KILLS GUARDSMAN
Lightning Strikes Militia Camp In
Delaware; Four Others Shocked.
NEWCASTLE, Del.. July 30. Louis
F. Wagner, a member of Company C,
of Wilmington, was struck and instant
ly killed by lightning in a severe storm
which passed over the encampment of
the organized militia of Delaware here
Four other militiamen were badly
shocked and a large number of tents
were blown down. Wagner, who was a
reporter for the Wilmington Morning
News, had enlisted only a few days
RECALL INVOKED IN YAKIMA
Petitions Are Filed Against Coun
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash, July SO.
(Special.) Petitions were filed here
today with the County Auditor, asking
for recall of County Commissioners
Lancaster. Stahlhut and Stuart. The
signatures range from 5034 against
Lancaster to 4835 against Stuart. The
recall election Is expected about the
end of September. .
The county grand jury, which In
vestigated county affairs last Spring,
recommended recall of the Commis
sioners, and the movement started soon
GIRL SWIMMER SAVES BOY
Maid Carries Water Wings as Aid in
Relieving Cramp Victim.
ALBERT LEA. Minn., July 27. The
presence .of mind of Helen Nelson, 15-year-old
daughter of C. E. Nelson, of
this city, in taking with her a pair of
water wings when she swam to the
rescue of Remer Cook, 17 years old.
made It possible for her to save the
When a quarter of a mile from shore
the Cook boy, who had swam across
the lake, was seized with cramps and
the girl responded to his calls for help.
She used the water wings to support
him while she pulled him ashore.
Aberdeen Man Found In RlTer.
ABERDEEN, Wash., July 30. (Spe
cial.) The body of J. G. Demlng. a
prominent business man here, was
taken from the Chehalls River yester
day. He had been employed by his
father, H. B. Deming, a millowner of
Markham, whose home is here. De
ceased was 45 years of age. His par
ents, two brothers and (wo sisters sur
vive. Mrs. H. B. Oakleaf. of Portland,
is a sister.
Destroyer Whipple Off for Alaska.
SEATTLE. July 30. The torpedo
boat destroyer Whipple, after under
going repairs at the Puget Sound
Navy-yard for a week, sailed yester
day for Sitka and Dutch Harbor to
Join the four torpedo-boat destroyers
that went north last week. The Whip
ple was damaged by a storm off Port
Orford, Or, svnd compelled to fall behind.
Army Tries Experiment of Let
ting Men Return Home at
EFFECT IS PROBLEMATICAL
Ien Who Ilaye Bern Fighting In
cereantly Since Beginjilns of
AVar Sadly Shaken by Visits
to Domestic Scenes.
BY CAROLYN WILO.V.
(Copyright. In IS. by the Chlcmro Tribune.
Published by arranssment.)
PARIS. July 10. There is a much
greater in ux of soldiers into Paris
this last week than there has been
since the beginning of the war. It is
the commencement of the series of per
missions which will ultimately release,
at stated intervals, all the men at the
There are many, many men who have
been fighting ever since the beglnnit.'
some of those with superhuman luck
who have seen regiment after regi
ment made up of the remnants.
One man I know is the only officer
who has not been wounded or killed
of four regiments which have been
made up of his original one. which
went out the 3d of August. Ills first
permission came the last week in May,
and he was back in Paris for four
days. And he Is on officer, too. for
whom the situation is necessarily a
Cloalns; In on the Polish Capital,
little easier than for the ordinary sol
Effect of System In Doaht.
It has been a serious question, of
course, about letting the men come
back. There was always talk of de
sertion, and the possibility that four
days with their family would make
the trenches doably bad; and on the
other side was the fact that the morale
was undoubtedly less .'irrn than during
tho beginning of the wr.r.
It can only be seen and tried. But if
the system gets in good working or
der so that a man knows that every
so often I don't know exactly how
long It will be, but perhaps every three
months he will get four days with his
family, it seems as if he would work
and look forward to it as children do
to vacation after school.
But to hear some of the men talk
that seems scarcely possible. The
other night I was going down to the
country for over Sunday with the wife
of a French officer. When we came
to Esbly it was necessary to find a
carriage to drive the remaining eight
miles, and a soldier came up to my
friend o.nd asked If she knew how he
could get to recy.
She told nim to come in the carriage
with us. as we went to within two
miles of Ceecy. and then as she no
ticed how strangely ha acted she said
"I'm afraid that man Is drunk.
shouldn't have asked him to come
Soldier's Nerves Shattered.
The man sat wit-, his head In his
hands, and when he stood up he
couldn t stand straight, but leaned
against the wall or the post, ' He
groaned from time to time, and Mme.
li. asked him what was the matter.
I feel so badly," he said. "I am
simply decolle gone to pieces."
"Haven't you been drinking?" asked
"O. no. madams, none at all."
My friend, who is a nurse in a Paris
hospital, felt his head, which was cool,
but his pulse was Jumping wildly.
"Most evidently complete mental
breakdown." she said to me.
The man commenced tellinr us that
he had been home to the Midi for the
first time since the war his adore, as
he called her, the tears coursing down
his cheeks and running into his matte.!
beard, had died in December and had
left four children, and thia was the
first time he had seen them they were
being cared for by the state.
"And I used to have a little business
which would have been sufficient for
us all if it hadn't been for the war
And now my children are paupers. It
is too much. I wish I hadn't gone. It
was too terrible to leave them and
come away again. I shall tell my com
rades not to go. One wants to kill
oneself rather than come back.
lltlmate Death Expected.
"I assure you I have thought of it
often. It is sure that I shall be killed
before the war Is over, so why have
this awful agony for month-, and
months more. I'm decolle decolle."
and his heed sunk further on his breast
and he wept slowly, weakly, unre
strainedly. Another roan an officer whom we
had all known came home on his first
leave r.nd went to Orleans to see his
family and his fiancee. When he came
back here he was morose and sad. He
wouldn't talk, and when you asked
him what was the matter he. too, used
the same word. "Decolle." It means,
literally, unglued, falling to pieces.
When be got back to hi. friends In
Chalons, where they come for their
four days back from the trenches, he
kept telling them not to go home; that
it was only wo than ever coming
Then in the morning before leaving
for the trenches he killed himself a
bullet through the temples. Now we
all of us know this man: a braver
soldier there was not; a kinder, more
thoughtful gentleman: a saner, more
evenly balanced business mat. But
trench life for II months had com
pletely unhinged him and he didn't
realize it until after the return home
and the inevitable comparisons.
Men who write from the trenches
simply can't understand the possibility
of a Summer season any?, hero. Each
man nuturally wants his own wife to
keep well and happy and would coun
sel her to go to the seashore If she
wanted to. but the Idea of a general
season" at one of the famous watering
places is more than they can bear.
However, plans for the season seem
to go on. The Casino is to open or al
ready is opened at Beauvllle, and you
find that thousands of 1'arlslans are
These are women many of whom
really deserve a rest. They have been
working all Winter In the hospitals
without a vacation, and with very long
hours. But they say that V shorter
in service Is going to be a little serious
if many more of the volunteer nurses
elect to leave during the same months.
AUSTRALIAN PLAN GIVEN
DEFENSE FORCE MAIXTAIXED BY
Preparation Begins When Lads In 13
Tears Old, and at 28 Thty Are
Classed as Heaervea.
SAN FRANCISCO, July SO. Austra
lia's system of universal compulsory
military training for bom defense, es
tablished after It was approved by
Earl Kitchener in 1911. was described
today to members of the United States
Army student camp at tne Presidio by
Captain J. W. NIesigh. retired, chief
Intelligence officer for the State of
New South Wales at the Panama-Pacific
Captain NIesigh said the movement
had become popular and girls volunta
rily took up physical training In the
schools as a consequence.
"The system requires every boy when
12 years old to begin physical training
In the schools," he said. "At 14 he
must register for service, becomes a
'senior cadet' and is taught elementary
military drill and discipline. He passes
into the recruit stage of the 'citizen
forces' at IS. remaining for a year.
learning the more advanced work of a
soldier or sailor. At 19 he becomes a
full member of the 'citizen forces.' He
remains on the roll until 25 years old.
In his 26th year he is required to at
tend a muster parade and then passes
Into the reserves.
"Attendance required for training Is
approximately 68 hours a year, divided
Into parades of one, two and four hours'
duration. Those 18 years of age are
required to serve a portion of their
time in a 10-day camp."
An efficient righting force, subject to
call for home defense only, has been
established. Captain Niestgh said, with
an enlistment of about 90.UU0.
FRENCH WAR TAX VOTED
FINANCE MINISTER REPLIES TO
CIIARUE OV DEPUTIES.
Attempt to Inject Politics Into National
Military Affairs Fails Virility sf
PARIS. July 30. "Words cannot di
minish the confidence of the country,"
said Alexandre E. Rlbot, the French
Minister of Finance, replying today to
another violent attack made by Deputy
Leon Accambray in the Chamber of
Deputies. Calling the -Deputy's philip
pic "lecturing of the Chamber." the
aged Finance Minister replied to the
charge that the present government had
emasculated the country, saying:
"Never has the country been more
virile. The government does its duty,
as the Chamber also can. The country
will judge us. At this hour should
alone be reiterated the steadfast pur
pose of the nation to do its whole duty
to obtain victory'
An attempt made by Deputies Accam
bray and Emmanuel Brousse to stam
pede the Chamber and give them an
opportunity to Inject politics into the
military affairs of the country failed.
The direct taxation bill which was un
der discussion was put to a vote fol
lowing Finance Minister Rlbot's rlpost
to Deputy Accambray's attack and the
measure was passed by 4S0 to 1.
In an earlier attack on the gov
ernment, made June 24, Deputy Ac
combray affirmed that the sanitary
service of the army was responsible
for the deaths of many soldiers, he ex
pressed regret that the national re
sources were being extravagantly dis
bursed, and he deplored what he
termed a lack of foresight displayed
as to supplies and munitions.
LUMBERMEN TO TESTIFY
EASTERN OREbON MEN TO GO
BEFORE TRADE COMMISSION.
Association la Convention at La Grande
Decides t Join Parent Body
la Advertising Iadnatry.
LA GRANDE, Or.. July 30. (Special.)
Eastern Oregon lumbermen decided
to send representatives before the Fed
eral Trade Commission when It sits In
Spokane August C. to present problems
of manufacturers and dealers, and the
Western White Pine Association's plan
to enter Into the National Assocla
tion's advertising campaign, which con
templates an expenditure of ISO. 00J an
nually in the interest of lumber, was
heartily Indorsed at a meeting of the
Eastern Oregon Lumber Producers' As
sociation which convened here today.
The convention was attended by rep
rraentatives of all of the big mills of
Eaatern Oregon and some from Boise
and Spokane and the National adver
tising campaign was put before the
meeting by A. W. Cooper, secretary of
the White Pine Association, with head
quarters at Spokane.
Following out the resolutions adopted
at the National meeting, the Oregon
Association will pay assessments to a
fund to advance the campaign to In
crease the demand for lumber for build
lng and general construction and to
educate the public to the lasting merits
of the product. Delegates to the Fed
eral Trade will be provided with data
on closed gateways, freight rates, gen
eral conditions that have Impeded the
CITY PAYS $150 FOR WOOD
Settling Demand of Man Wbo Sold
Timber on Stump Authorized.
The additional sum of 1150 was au
thorlzed to be paid to it. J. Kelly
by the City Council yesterday for tlm
ber purchased on the stump by tne
city during the Winter. The city maide
Mr. Kelly one payment, but he said
that there was still money due him.
The disagreement grew out of the
difference In the measurement of the
wood made by the men In the employ
I of the city and by Mr. Kelly. He also
said some of the timber should have
been cut was not cut.
Pure heavy aluminum, convertible into one
5-quart Berlin Kettle, Steamer, Double
Boiler, Roaster, Colander and Pudding Pan.
Heavy wire bail handles, securely riveted
on. Regular $3.00 value, tomorrow at only
No Phone Orders No C. O. D. Orders No Deliveries.
Basement Salesroom Main Store.
Henry Jenning & Sons
FIFTH AND WASHINGTON
flOTE NEARLY READY
Britain Soon to Deliver Sup
GREAT LENGTH FORECAST
Detention of American Steamer n
Way From Hotter-dam and Wash
ington Caveat on Trlie
Conrts to Bo Tlscn9ed.
WASHINGTON. July 0. The sup
plemental British note regarding the
rights of neutrals at sea and within
blockade linos will be delivered to the
Embassy at London within a day or
two. Ambassador Page advised the
Department today, and probably will
be released for publication early next
Whether the original note received
here last Monday and "withheld from
the press at the request of the British
Foreign Office will be allowed to stand
in Its presnt form and also be made
public has not been disclosed. it Is
thought possible the entire British
argument will be covered In the new
note and the previous communication
Twe New Polata Treated.
The new note. It Is understood, is
the most formidable In point of length
and scope of the entire series or com
munications exchanged by the two
governments on this subject- It la filled
with citations and ceals at length with
the intricate questions of International
The British positions on at least two
points not treated in the original note
the detention of tho American steam
er Noches. en route from Rotterdam
to New York with cargo, and the
American caveat of July 17. declaring
the orders-ln-councll would not be
recognised by this government as a
substitute for International law will
be fully argued.
Department Aaaembles Data.
Meanwhile data hsvo been assembled
by the State Department on which to
base a rejolnd-r which probably will
be ready for President Wilson's con
sideration before he returns to Wash
ington next week. The accuracy of
the figures produced In previous Brit
ish notes covering the volume of Amerl"
can exportatlons to Germany and Aus
tria via neutral ports Is being scruti
nised. The British contention Is that these
figures show that Urge quantities of
ammunition, cotton and even milltary
suppltes have reached Germany and
Austria via Bweden. Denmark and
Holland, practically breaking the allies
blockade. TWO AMERICANS KILLED
during the night he had maoa op
position of his forces for defense at S
P. M. Attack from soutn aooui m .
M. Sniping from brush In outskirts of
town. Two killed In tha seamen bat
talion, nons wounded. Successfully re
pulsed attack. Maintained quiet . and
order In Interior of y city throughout
Additional Rrgl'sit Asked Far.
In his first message after his ar
rival at Port-au-Prince, when the ma
rines and bluejackets encountered
slight resistance on landing. Admiral
Caperton asked for an afidltlonsl regi
ment of marines. Tha men were need
ed. he said, to police the city and sur
rounding district adequately. He asked
that additional marines be sent on the
..-.. s-nrih Carolina or Tennessee.
fast ships. Indicating that he expected!
soma dlflicuiiies. ioh
available and the Department ordered
the battleship Connecticut at the Phila
delphia Navyyard to sail. The Con
necticut was taking on stores tonight.
The department issued this state
ment: -At ths request of Rear-Admiral
Caperton. now In command of forces
landed at Port-au-Prlnca. Haiti, for the
protection of lives and property In that
city, the following reinforcements have
been sent Mm: United States ship
Connectliut. Captain E. H. Durrell com
manding, has been directed to proceed
to Port-au-Prlncs without delay. A
regiment of "marines, about 00 in num
Dcr will be embarked on tha Connec
ticut. Upon the arrival of tho Connec
ticut at Port-au-Prince ths marines
m disembarked and the Connecti
cut will return for necessary maneuvers
with ths Atlantic fleet."
Daniels Not Apprehensive.
Secretary Daniels felt no great ap
prehension about the situation. The
extra force was sent primarily, he said,
to permit short hours of guard duty.
"Admiral Caperlon haa advised us."
said Secretary Daniels, "that it Is very
hot at Port-au-Prince and that he did
not deem It advisable to kerp marines
on shore duty constantly. He said he
wanted a sufficient force so that he
might operate the shore guard In re
lays and have a sufficient guard to
assure adequate protection at a'.l
Disarmament of the town was di
rected after a conference of the citl
xens of l'ort-au-Prince. American Navy
officers and the American Charge
Chame d Affaire. The committee of
safety is the de facto government- Any
negotiations by the State Department
win be addressed to this committee.
Inasmuch as there appears to be no
other form of government at tha pres
It Is practically assured that dur
ing the occupation of Port-au-Prince,
efforts to negotiate a treaty with Haiti
for the administration of that coun
try's financial affairs by tne lnite.1
States, as was done In San Domingo,
will be renewed. It Is the purpose
of this Government to Include In such
a treaty a provision similar to the
Piatt amendment In the Cuban treaty,
whereby tho LnlteJ States would have
the right to Intervene In the Interests
Previous efforts to obtain such a
treaty failed because the president.
Gulallume. fearel tne people would
rise asalnxt him If he sinned It-
Track layers Are at Brooks.
BROOKS, Or, July 30. (Special.)
A crew of 3S men is employed by the
Southern Pacific at this point, raising
the track and replacing the 75-pound
rails with 90-pound steel. The work
is about completed toward Salem and
the crew la working toward Wood
burn. LAST DAY
LAST TIME TODAY
In a Splendid Fhoto Play