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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 31, 1915)
VOL. LVXO. 17,062.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, JLL.Y 31, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FOR MEXICAN MOVE
Action to Follow Re
turn of Wilson.
ARMY AND NAVY PREPARED
Armed Intervention, However,
Regarded as Improbable.
LAST CHANCE TO BE GIVEN
ffroops May Be Employed to Assure
Transportation of Food to Starv
ing People Arms Embargo
Is Under Consideration.
' WASHINGTON, July 30. Definite
Bteps toward restoration of peace In
Mexico will be taken immediately on
President Wilson's return to Washing
ton next week. What specific action
the President may have decided on has
ot been disclosed, but It was authori
tatively announced tonight that the ex
ecutive departments of the Government
were preparing to carry out the pro
gramme determined on.
Only an unexpected movement In
Mexico itself to end the strife, it Is
said, would further delay affirmative
action by the United States to restore
constitutional government in the war
Armed Intervention Improbable.
Armed intervention Is not believed
to be contemplated In the President's
programme. Many officials believe no
forcible measures will be required.
Persistent reports have reached here
that the faction leaders are inclined to
yield to the- demands of this Govern
ment for a peace conference.
Iteports are generally credited that a
message will be sent to the opposing
leaders giving them a. final chance to
cease hostilities within a limited time
and assemble a conference to settle
their differences. Possibility of an
other failure to. do so. In view of the
last refusal of General Carranza to join
In a conference with his adversaries, is
being considered by the President, it is
declared, in formulating a plan of
Army and Navy Ready.
Whether In that event a general em
bargo on arms exportations will be im
posed or American troops employed to
assure the transportation of food to the
starving people can not be predicted.
It is known, however, that the Army
end Navy have been preparing and now
are ready for any eventuality.
Secretary Lansing said today that
the representations sent to Generals
Carranza, Villa and Zapata last night,
urging that routes to Mexico City be
opened to provision trains, were force
ful. The message to Carranza, who
controls the railroads from Vera Cruz,
was particularly emphatic. While not
couched as a "demand" that the rail
road to Mexico City be opened and kept
open, its purport was to that effect.
Gonzales Again Near Capital.
No answer from any of the Mexican
generals had been received tonight. It
was believed, however, that provision
trains would be moving to Mexico City
within a few days under guard of Car
Officials were led to this belief by re
ports that General Gonzales had driven
off a Villa column under General Flerro
and returned to Villa Guadeloupe, Just
outside of Mexico City, practically oc
cupying the capital. Roving bands of
Zapata soldiers, which have been har
assing the railroad, are being driven
off. It was said, and garrisons stationed
along the railro&d.
Carrama to Hold City.
Charles A. Douglas, who returned to
Washington . today from Vera Cruz,
after conferences with Generals Car
ranza and Gonzales, brought assur
ances that Carranza forces would hold
Mexico City after the reoccupation, the
danger of isolation of the city by Villa
and Zapata forces, which existed when
they took the town before, having been
Separate representations have been
made to General Zapata, regarding the
attack upon Allan Mallory, an Amerl
can citizen, who was detained by Za
pata soldiers at Puebla while carrying
departmental dispatches. An effort has
been made to fix the responsibility for
the attack and to assure protection of
Americans in future. The message to
Zapata was sent through Mexico City.
Carranza s Washington representa
tive tonight made public a report from
General Obregon, via Vera Cruz, that
he had defeated the main Villa army
at an undesignated point between
Aguas Calientes and Zacatecas and
later occupied the latter place. Obre
gon said his cavalry was pursuing the
Villa troops toward Torreon.
A Red Cross statement tonight said
conditions around Hermosillo. Sonora,
"are getting worse every day. The gov
ernment Is taking all wheat from farm
ers without asking, and all flour."
Oeneral Gonzales was not ready to
enter Mexico City when he die so early
In July, according to Mr. Douglas, but
desired to satisfy the Washington Ad
ministration. He was forced to evacu
ate almost immediately, because of
the danger of being completely cut
off from Vera Cruz by Villa and Zap
Railroad Patrol Kstahllshrd.
"General Gonzales told me," said Mr.
Douglas tonight, "that it would have
Concluded oa Pag Column, o.)
ESTATE IS WON BY
COURT UPHOLDS CONTRACT,
THOUGH WILli IS UNSIGNED.
Agreement Entered Into in Lieu of
Wages and Kept for 1 3 Years
Is Declared Valid.
EUGENE., Or.. July 30 (Special.)
Elizabeth Murray worked as house
keeper for James Sanford, an eccentric
bachelor, for $1.50 a week, until he
proposed that she care for him with
out wages on condition that he would
bequeath her his property at his death.
For 13 years she carried out her part
of the bargain, even after her employer
became old and helpless.
At the time of his death the deed,
purporting to give his property to his
caretaker, was found unsigned. Rela
tives filed suit claiming the property
of their wealthy relative, and offered
to pay the housekeeper a sum equiva
lent to wages during the time she
worked. The case was bitterly fought
in the courts.
Judge Skipworth today entered a de
cree, giving Mrs. Murray property in
the heart of the business section, valued
at $25,000. No written contract Is said
to have existed.
"I have never seen a clearer case of
faithful performance of contract than
shown by this woman," said the court.
"Any effort on the part of a jury to
compensate her for her time would
amount to a fraud on the woman.".
RECRUIT STANDARD LOWER
Canada to Accept Defectives
Slay Be Developed.
OTTAWA, Ontario. July 30. A new
policy respecting recruits, it was an
nounced today, has been adopted by
the Canadian militia authorities. Here
after men with poor teeth and other
minor physical defects will not be re
jected, but will be accepted and eent
to dental and surgical depots for treat
ment, after which they will be trained
and sent to Europe.
Two inches have been taken off the
size standard, and men below size in
chest measurement will be taken If
the surgeons are of the opinion that
training will give them the proper
ARIZONA DRYS WIN RULING
Court Permits Enforcement of Xenr
Law, Holding 'Xear-Beer' Alcohol..
LOS ANGELES. July 30. The United
States Circuit Court, sitting en banc,
denied today application for a tem
porary Injunction to restrain the state
authorities of Arizona from enforcing
the prohibition amendment to the con
stitution. The court held that "near'
beer" was alcohol, and its importation
into the state was a violation of the
The suit was Instituted by two Cali
fornia breweries on behalf of manufac
turers of the beverage In all parts of
$27,000,000 War Order Refused.
PASADENA, Cal.. July 30. E. T. Bar
rowes, a wealthy manufacturer of Port
Ian, Me., who is spending the Bummer
here, announced today he had refused
a telegraphic offer to supply $27,000,
000 worth of rifles to the allies.
LARGE PORTRAITS ARB MR. A.VD
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Prelates Here Greet
ARCHBISHOP GIYES DINNER
Reception Tendered Visitor
at Hotel Portland.
STATE'S RESOURCES AMAZE
Building at Exposition, Great Pano
rama of Forests and Mountains
and Growth or Cities Prove
Surprise to Noted Guest.
His Excellency Monsignor Giovanni
Bonzano, the apostolic delegate from
the Vatican to the United States,
stopped in Portland yesterday en route
from San Francisco to the Knights of
Columbus convention in Seattle, to pay
a visit to Archbishop Christie and to
be greeted by the Catholic citizens of
It is his first visit to the Pacific Coast
since he was sent to the United States
four years ago and took up his resi
dence in Washington. D. (X, and he has
taken the liveliest Interest in every
phase of his journey.
"The journey has been abundantly
worth the time I have been obliged to
take away from my work In Washing
ton," he said, "although while I am
away I will find that things have been
accumula'ting there that will mean
much more work for me for a time. 1
am glad I have taken this trip, be
cause of the new Idea It has given me
of the vastness and variety of this won
derful country. I came through the
wonderful low, fertile states of the
Middle West and was precipitated Into
a garden of flowers In California.
Unfolding Panorama Enjoyed.
"And from California up to Portland
It has been again doubly wonderful.
All the way through the valleys I kept
my eyes at the window all the time 1
could, so I would miss nothing."
His Excellency's eyes sparkled with
a reminiscent enthusiasm that conjured
up before one's Imagination the picture
of him "keeping hla eyes at the win
dow" as the panorama of the Oregon
woods and valleys was unrolled before
"I saw, growing, the same tremen
dous trees a sort of pine that I saw
in San Francisco in your Oregon build
ing, which is a wonderful structure.
"One can hardly realise the versatil
ity and variety of resources that this
country possesses until one has been
able to get such a glimpse of it as I
have had in the past few weeks."
In the four years of his stay In Amer
ica the people of the United States
have won a warm place' In the heart
of Monsignor Bonzano.
"Everywhere one goes one finds such
(Concluded on Page 12. Column 6.)
NOTED DEMOCRAT PHOTOGRAPHED AFTER
MRS. BR VAX. BELOW SIR. Buy AN
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTKRDAT'S Maximum temperature. 65
degrees; minimum. 58 degree.
TODAT'S F"lr and warmer; northwesterly
Norway neutral officially, but people are
angry with Germany. Pag L.
Pope Issues appeal for peace, Pas 4.
Austro-Germans are closing In about War
saw. C S. ,
Definite more to be mad In Mexican case
when President returns to Washington.
Japanese Cabinet resigns. Tags 3.
AD WAR 1TU341'J343
British supplemental reply nearly ready for
delivery to United mates. Page 2.
'.'wo American ma-lnes killed In Haiti
Steamer Kastland seised by Federal offi
cials mbtle inquiries so on. Paga 3.
Executioner's electric shock ends Charts
Seeker's prayer. Page 8.
Great crowd continue to visit Kxposltl
Roseburs; railroad bond Issua upheld by Su
preme Court. Page ft.
Court upholds faithful servants claim to
lata employers estate. Page 1.
rortlaad sal V trinity.
Monslrnor Bonzano, papal delegate, reaches
Portland, page 1.
Bryan parries on candidacy query. Pag 1.
Council adopts laly water meter report by
vols of 2 to 2. Paga 11.
J. J. Hill urged to build from Bend to
Klamath Kails. Pag 8.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page IS.
Dodge contract would hav paid profits In
seven years, asys F. A. Krlbs. pags .
Paclflo Coast Lesgue results: Portland 3-S.
Vernon 1-4; Kan Francisco 1. Oakland S;
Los Angeles 17, Bait Lak 13. Pag 1U.
Multnomah club Invited to compete for grid
iron championship at Exposition. Page 11.
Every member of Northwest track team
wins right to compel for championships
at Fair. Tag 10.
Sensations many in Stat tennla tourney.
Lee Axworthy Ins 110.000 Merchsnts and
Manufacturers' stake at Detroit Grand
Circuit meet, paa-a .10.
Commercial and Marine.
All deliveries of wheat higher In local mar
ket. Page 1G.
Chicago wheat market rallies after early
decline. Pag lft.
Speculation In wsr stocks In Wall Btreet
slows down. Pag IS.
Lieutenant-Colonel Potter, T 8. A arrives
to assura oft Ice of division engineer.
Portland buyers tell of methods of Cssbler
advisory board. Page .
W. J. Bryan addresses throng at Helllg
Theater on religion and politics. Page 4.
RELIEF CRUISER RETURNS
Tennessee Spends More Than $5,
000,000 Aiding Americans.
NEW YORK, July SO. The armored
cruiser Tennessee returned today from
nearly a year's cruise in European
waters In relieving American refugees
In the war zone. She left New York
August 7. 114, with $5,867,000 In gold
and returned with $169,000. The balance
was distributed to needy Americans in
Turkey and Asia Minor. She aided
also in rescuing nationals of bellig
erent countries bordering on the Medi
terranean. When the warship arrived In the
harbor she was met by a coast guard
tug. The $169,000 was taken under
guard to the Subtreasury here.
Fire Destroys Qulnaby Home.
QUINABY. Or.. July 30. (Special.)
Fire, starting from an unknown ori
gin, destroyed the frame dwelling and
barn occupied by M. E. Dietrlck Mon
day night. The loss is partly covered
by Insurance. Mr. Dietrlck says he
lost $765 in currency: He aided his
wife and five children to escape from
the sleeping apartments.
ARRIVAL IN P ORTLAND LAST
IJ SHOWN BCTWEEX IMTKD STATES
.LEFT AMI HARRY LaSG OH tUttUX.-
SNIPERS PICK OFF
Two Killed on Guard
ATTACK ON CITY IS REPULSED
Admirp' Asks Rein-
-o Dy Fast Ship.
REGIMENT WILL BE SENT
Committee or Citizens and Offi
cers of Warships .gree on Plan
to Police Town Ilaitlcns
Ttestored to Order.
WASHINGTON. July 30 Two Amer
can bluejackets were killed last night
in an attack by natives on Port-au-Prince,
Haiti, held by Rear-Admiral
Caperton with 400 men from the cruiser
Washington. The attacking party was
beaten off without having approached
closer than the outskirts of the city.
and order was maintained In the city
Itself. No sailors were wounded and
the loss of the attacking force was not
The dead are William Gompers, sea
man. of Drooklyn. and Cason S. White
hurst, ordinary seaman, of Norfolk, Va.
Reinforce aseata Are Seat.
Reinforcements had been ordered to
Haiti before word of the fighting was
received. The battleship Connecticut
will sail from Philadelphia with $00
marines. The Navy transport Hancock,
now being overhauled at Philadelphia.
also will go to Haiti. It Is said, al
though It is not known what force she
will take south.
Admiral Caperton s message gave
few details of the fighting. It showed
however, that he had been warned of
the intention of the Haltiens to attack
the -city and early in the evening; Cap
tain K. L. Beach, of the Washington.
commanding ashore, moved his men
out to the edge of the city to meet
them, leaving strong guards to main
tain order in town.
People ( City Disarmed.
The Halllcn soldiers and civilians In
the city were disarmed yesterday to
prevent sniping from the houses.
The attack came at o'clock last
night, the bluejacket battalion bear
ing the brunt of the fighting. From
the brush beyond the last houses, snip
ers opened fire on them.' -The fire was
returned and the attackers were driv
en off. but not before Qompers and
Whlteburst had been killed.
The following summary of Admiral
Caperton's terse reports was given out
tonight at tho Navy Department:
"Admiral Caperton reports from
Port-au-Prince that owing to a report
that the town would likely be attacked
(Conclutled on Peso Z. Column a.)
NIGHT, HIS WIFE AND OREGON'S
SE.ATOKS WHO GKLXTKD HIM.
Fridays War Moves
'HE Russians are now facing the
problem of evacuating Warsaw
and the surrounding country with
out losing their armies, while the Aus-tro-German
forces aro making a su
preme effort to get at their lines of
retreat. The Teutons are said to have
met with partial success In this direc
tion, a Berlin dispatch saying that
Field Marshal Von Mackensen, resum
ing the offensive, had reached the
Chelm-Lublln railroad, about midway
between those two cities, and that
southeast of this as far as the Bug
River the Russian front had been
The success of General Von Macken
sen in taking thla railroad after hav
ing been virtually stopped by Russian
counter-attacks denies at least one line
of retreat to the Russians who might
still be between him and Warsaw,
and also places the Germans in a po
sition to move against the Bug River
front should this be decided on.
British military critics, however, re
fuse to believe that Grand Duke Nich
olas, commander-in-chief of the Rus
sian forces, has not provided for all
contingencies or that he was not fair
ly sure of the safety of hla troops be
fore Indicating to the world that be
had decided to take up a new line. In
deed, the news contained In the Berlin
official statement that the Germans
have crossed the Vistula Kivcr south
east of Warsaw, between the Pliica
River and Koalenice. leads the mili
tary writers to the belief that the
Russians already have fallen back in
this region and that perhaps even
the fortress of Ivangorod haa been left
to Its fate.
There Is no news of the situation on
the Narew River or of General Von
Buelow's wider outflanking movement
In Kovno province. However, the opin
ion Is expressed In London that as
the German plans contemplate a se
ries of attacks rather than a simultan
eous one It Is likely that they are
waiting for Field Marshal Von Mack
ensen to reach some previously ar
ranged position before they resume
According to dispatcles. the csuntry
around Warsaw which the Russians are
leaving to the Invader; has been put to
the torch, while the city Itself haa been
denuded of everything that might be of
use to the Germans If It falls Into their
It may be some days before the Teu
tons occupy the Polish capital. If they
finally do. for the Russians are fight
ing more than a rearguard action. In
fact, they are still delivering heavy.
blows at their opponents and are gain
ing some local successes, principally on
the Narew and southeast cf Chelm.
where they are op post the efforts of
the Austrlans to ret to the Bur River.
As soon as the present operations
gainst Russia are concluded, whether
or not they succeed in destroying any
large part of the Russian army. It 1
expected that the Germans will turn
to the west, a movement which, how
ever, will take two months st least.
It will therefore be a race between the
Teutonlo forces and the British and
French as to which side will take the
offensive In France, where the situa
tion remains as It has -een for weeks
past. except In Alsace, where the
French continue their attacks on posi
tion at Muenster. There has been
sharp fighting here, the French ad
vance converging on Muenster from
the north and from Metzeral to the
aoutheast of Muenster Valley, in which
the town atands on the open road to
Bad weather again Is Interfering
with the operations in the Austro-Ital-
UEOUUU E. ClIAllBEULALV .
BRYAN PARRIES 0!!
Ex-Secretary Is Not
"Expecting" to Run.
WAR ISSUE IS PREDICTED
Many Friends Met Among For
PRAISE GIVEN PRESIDENT
Followers Out In I'orco at Train
to tireet Visitor and Crowds Ac
company Him lom Depot to
Hotel W here Keceptlon Held.
William Jennings Bryan does not ex
pect to be a candidate for preldent.
He said so upon his arrival In Port
land last night.
But mark that word "expect" It Is
Mr. Bryan's own. That Is the word he
used when one of his friends aj.kd
"Mr. Bryan. Is It true that you will
be a candidate for president next
"No. I do not expect to be a candi
date." was his reply.
"But does a man ever expect to be a
candidate for prenldcnlT he was asked.
At this point Mr. Bryan put an ab
rupt end to all categorical questions
touching on his own plans for the fu
ture or on the political situation in
He declared that he had been so fre
quently misrepresented that he h.is ac
quired a practice of answering all
questions Intended for the public prl:t
In wrltkng nfter they wcro submitted
to him In writing.
War t'esmldrred Csapslss I mm c
In an Informal, off-hand manner h
summed up the political situation, how
ever, by declaring that the war will be
the big Issue of the 1916 campaign if
the war continues.
"It la too far ahead to s.iy what the
situation will be next year." he said.
"The war question is of all-absoi binit
Interest and it will be an important
factor in future political events.
The subject of war broucht forth
questions regarding his allituiie on
"I have been much misrepresented on
this question," he replied. Ho Inti
mated that he Is not such a determined
advocate of peace th.it he believes In
peace at any price, but In this connec
tion declared sc.iln that whenever he
expressed his views on the subject he
prefers to put them In writing.
He was exceedingly bitter toward
those newspapers that have oi'Pon'J
him and the political principles for
which he stands.
"latcrcats" Declared Ills Opponent.
"I am not vain enough." he remarket!,
"to believe that they are opposed to
me personally, for 1 am but a most
"But 1 happen to stand for certain
political principles that are In conflict
with the views and the wishes of th
grasping plutocrats. For that res: x
the plutocratic press Is opposed to i.ic.
"I appreciate, though, that I have
the honest opposition of many honest
newspapers, but I can readily distin
guish the difference between this and
the conscienceless opposition of con
He added that the same "Interests"
that opposed him TO years alto are op
posing him now.
That brought the discussion around
to politics axain and led to the Inevi
table question regarding his own pos
He parried all such movements suc
cessfully but without committing him
self definitely. The farthest that he
would go toward defining hla position
was to declare that he does not "ex
pect" to be a candidate next year.
President Heartily turn mended.
He was reminded that he did not "ex
pect" to be a candidate in 1&96, but
again he requested that he be given
opportunity to reply to further ques
tions of this nature In writing.
Mr. Bryan expressed nothing but ad
miration and praise for the (.'resident
yesterday. He referred to Ulm in hla
speech at Albany, again to friends
whom he met on the train vomlng from
Albany to Portland and lso after his
arrival In Portland last night, in terms
of the highest esteem and regard.
'He Is a great, fearless man." he said
once, and "he Is handling the grave
problems that demand his attention in
a most masterful manner." on another
Tet Mr. Bryan found promises of sup
port here In I'urtlund last night. Nu
merous consistent DeniocnU there
were who Informed him that they have
voted for him three times already and
that they are ready to do It stain.
Crater lake Impresses.
But flattering comment such as that
brought forth nothing more than ex
pressions like "Well! That's fine."
"Thank you." "I'm glad to hear It" and
ethers of aiml.ar non-committal nature.
There was one subject upon which
the ex-Secretary of State talked with
freedom and enthusiasm, however, and
that waa the beauties and wonders of
On his recent visit to Medford he and
Mrs. Bryan were the guests of the
Medford Commercial Club on a visit to
"I never saw a more inspiring sight."
iCucoudevl on Psc a, Ciuuia