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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1915)
VOL,. LT. NO. 17,056.
PORTLAND, OREGftX, SATURDAY, JtLY 21, 1913.
PRICK FIVE CENTS.
IT TO OFFEND
Repetition to Be Held De
NEUTRAL RIGHTS IMMUTABLE
Belligerent Must Adapt Prac
tice to Conditions or
TEXT OF REPLY IS GIVEN
America Disappointed to Find
Germany Regards Itself
Exempt From Obligation.
WASHINGTON, July 23. The text
of the American note on submarine
warfare, presented at Berlin today by
Ambassador Gerard, was made public
It reveals that the imperial govern
ment has been informed it is the in
tention of the United States to re
gard as "deliberately unfriendly" any
repetition by the commanders of Ger
man naval vessels of acts in contra
vention of American rights.
The United States announces that
it will continue to contend for the
freedom of the seas, "from whatever
quarter violated, without compromise
and at any cost."
Defense Regarded as Admission.
Contending that "defense of an act
as retaliatory is an admission that it
js illegal," the American Government
argues that it cannot discuss actions
of Great Britain with Germany and
must regard as "irrevelant" in the
present negotiations the conduct of
'Illegal and inhuman acts," says the
note, "however justifiable they may
be thoue-ht aeainst an enemv who is
believed to have acted in contraven-
tion of law and humanity, are mani
festly indefensible when they deprive
neutrals of their rights, particularly
when they violate the right of life
Persistence Is Unpardonable.
Pointing out that a belligerent
should give up its measures of retalia-
tion if unable to conduct them "with-
. . . ,. - . ,
out injuring the lives of neutrals, the
note declares inai persistence in bum
measures. under the circumstances,
would constitute an unpardonable ai -
- . , , . , i
xense agaiusu me "J- -"
neutral nations atiected. I
"The United States," it is further
asserted "is not unmmdful of the
the present war and is "ready to make I
every reasonable allowance for these
i i . , i
novel ana unexpected aspects oi war
at, sea, duj, cannot, consent. to aoate
any essential or fundamental right of
its people because of a mere altera-
tion of circumstances."
Practicability Is Demonstrated.
The note says that events of the
past two months clearly indicate that
it is "possible and practicable" to con
duct submarine operations "in sub
stantial accord with the accepted prac-
tices of regulated warfare." The com
ment is added that the whole world
has looked with interest and increas
ing- satisfaction at the demonstration
of this fact by German naval com.
manders, and that it is "manifestly
possible to lift the whole practice of
submarine attack above the criticism
which it has aroused and' remove the
chief causes of offense."
In official and diplomatic quarters
tne communication was received as
the strongest and most emphatic pro
nouncement that has come from the
Washington Government since the
beginning of its correspondence with
the belligerents of Europe.
Text of Note Given Out.
The full text of the note is:
"The Secretarv of State, to Am.
bassador Gerard, Department of State,
Washington, July 21, 1915. You are
instructed to deliver textually the
following note to the Minister of For.
"The note of the imperial German
government dated July 8, 1915, has
received the careful consideration of
the Government of the United States,
and it regrets to be obliged to Bay
that it has found it very unsatisfac-
tory, because it fails to meet the real
ouierences Detrween me two govern-
(Concluded on Pass 8, Column 1.)
POINTS , MADE BY UNITED
STATES IX REPLY TO
German reply found unsatis
factory because it fails to see
American Government notes
that Germany recognizes with
out reserve validity of princi
ples insisted on by United States
that sea is free, that charac
ter of merchantman must be
ascertained before she is sunk,
and that non-combatants must
not be put in Jeopardy unless
vessel resists or tries to escape.
America disappointed to find
that Germany regards Itself as
in large measure exempt from
obligation to observe these prin
ciples. Defense of act as retaliatory
regarded as admission that it is
Conduct of other belligerent
governments declared irrelevant
to discussion of grave and un
justifiable violations of rights
of American citizens by German
"If a belligerent cannot retail
ate against an enemy without
injuring the lives of neutrals as
well as their property," says the
note, "humanity, as well as Jus
tice ... should dictate that
the practice be discontinued."
United States is willing to
make reasonable allowance for
new conditions, of war, but can
not abate any essential or fun
damental right of its people.
"The rights of neutrals in time
of war," the note continues, "are
based upon principles, not upon
expediency, and the principles
Events of past two months
have shown that German navy
can, if it will, conduct operations
in substantial accord with ac
cepted principles of regulated
American Government expects
Germany to disavow wanton
act ... in sinking Luai
tania, and to offer reparation.
Suggestion that certain ves
sels be designated as entitled to
freedom of seas is rejected, as
an abandonment of principles for
which tllis Government contends.
United States will continue to
contend for freedom of seas,
"without compromise and at any
"Friendship itself prompts it
(this Government) to say," the
note concludes, "... that
repetition ... of acts in
contravention of these rights
must be regarded by the Gov
ernment of the United States,
where they affect American citi
zens, as deliberately unfriendly."
WILbUN NAMfcb bKYAN MEN
Ex-Secretary's Brother-ln-Law Gets
Federal Office in Nebraska.
WASHINGTON, July 23. President
Wilson today appointed Thomas S.
Allen, of Lincoln, brother-in-law of
w. J. Bryan, United States Attorney
for Nebraska, and Thomas J. Flynn,
of raana. to be United states Marshal
for the same district,
Georgo. u Lomls of .Fremont, was
appointed Collector 6f Internal Reve-
nue for Nebraska, and Charles W. Mc-
nl vmnha. was appointed Collec-
mi ui v-uaiuma -luf iue same aistricu
Mr Loomi8 ls clasaed by the White
House as a Bryan supporter.
MI NR ,N pQRj QN pRE
Smoke Still Issues From Hold of
nrtiKh T-.minnt ,,
DURBAN. Africa, via London. July
The Peninsula & Oriential Line
steamship Benalla, on which fire broke
out on her way through the Indian I
Ocean from London for Australia, with)
S00 emigrants on board, arrived here I
today with smoke still issuing from I
A dispatch from Durban last night I
said that the crew of the Benalla had
succeeded in getting the flames under!
control and that she was being es-
conea 10 uuroan by the steamer
Four Dreadnoughts and Other War
Vessels to Be Built at Once.
TOKIO. July 23. (Special.)
Japanese navy department proposes to
construct four dreadnoughts, four scout I
cruisers, ten destroyers and eight sub
marines, defraying the cost of ap
proximately $100,000,000 by spreading
it over the next six years.
This will complete a fleet with eight
dreadnoughts and four battle cruisers.
The motive for the increase is found
in the desire of the naval authorities
to Keep abreast of the army, which
recently received a credit for the crea
tion of two new divisions.
MIRROR WARNS AUT0ISTS
Dangerous Curve Reflected in Glass
for Distance of 4 00 Feet.
iiiioounu, juiy 23. flashing a
clear reflection of one of the most dan-
gerous curves In Western Pennavlvanl-
, plate glass mirror. 30 by 4$ inches.
has been placed at the top of the Lo-
an's Kerry Hill by the New Kensing-
to Automobile Club near here.
moWJe drlTer, tlie
are approaching for a distance of fully
i 400 feet.
FINAL SMASH DUE IN
Previous Bitter Fights
RUSSIAN POWER IN BALANCE
Resistance Is Becoming More
Stubborn; Hope Renewed.
DEFENSE IS BY BAYONET
Czar's Troops Use Little Ammuni
tion and Morale Is Unshaken,
Admits Berlin lleport Ad
vance Is More Difficult.
LONDON. July 23. All the desperate
engagements constituting the Baltic
Bessarabia battle that has been raging
since the beginning several weeks ago
of the great Russian reverse merely
were preliminaries to a clash expected
to be more costly than any in history
and which ls to be fought almost within
sight of Warsaw, between the Vistula
and Bug rivers.
The German staff expects to force
decisive engagement. On the outcome
depends the fate of the city, and, ac
cording to some military observers, the
fate of Russia as a fighting power for
months to come.
The Austro-German forces have ad
vanced to within a few miles of the
Lublin-Chelm railroad. Russia, however,
according to one correspondent's dis
patch, does not regard this line of
Nighty Aaaault Planned.
According to this same report, the
Russian commander-in-chief has no In
tentlon of permitting the Teutons to
advance north of the railroad.
Should the Russian defense of this
ground succeed, the Austro-Germans
are expected to concentrate all other
available forces between the Vistula
and Bug for a last mighty smash at
Field Marshal on Mackensen. oper
ating between the Bug and the Vistula,
continues his wild sledgehammer blows
against the Cholm-Lublin line of the
Russians, directing them now particu
larly against the City of Lublin, accord
ing to dispatches from Petrograd. His
Immediate objectives are Belzyce, Trav
niki. Vosslavitze and Grubechow.
Belzyace is 12 miles southwest of Lub-
Battle on Bub; Important.
Of only slightly less importance in
this region are the battles on the Bug;
between Krylow and Dobrotora. West
of Warsaw the Russians have moved
back to their second line of defenses
at Blonle and Nadarzyn and their po
sitions in front of Ivangorod. The
latter positions are regarded the
strongest in the Russian line, as in
dicated by the fact that the Germans
assaulted them furiously in their for
mer campaigns against Warsaw and
were unable to breach them.
To the northward battles are rag
ing at Novogeorgievsk and along the
entire narrow line, which embraces the
strong points of Pulusk and Rozan.
commanding the crossing In the bend
of the river. Ostrolenka and Lomza.
German and Austrian militarists con-
fConcluried on Page 2. Column 2. i
C TALK TO ME
ABOUT YOOR.C J
vr?K fri' SWISS Alps:)
Vf-sV- ' , fitzsy-s A your Norwegian! t
TtJ? -Ss, T you? hudsou (
NAVY I . (7, ' X5 I
The 11 V vXxVIJ;SSfc57 7 It,, V 11
I Tt M r Jar" y- -' r- , I I I f ' ' ' I .' I
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTSRDAY'S Maximum temperature.
St der.reee; minimum, AS degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northerly winds.
Final mighty smash of Auntro-Germana to
be delivered In sight of Warsaw. Face 1.
Germany warned not to repeat offense
against Americans on high seas. Page I.
Younger Belgians fleeing country, fearing
annexation to Germany. Page
Cost of living soars In Paris. Page t.
Vivid war picture is seen near Paris. Page 2.
Diplomats uneasy over fate of Mexico City.
James M. Sullivan. Minister to Santo Do
mingo resigns. Page 0.
Federal Trade Commission to be Jn Portland
about August 11 Page 2.
Wilson calls for reports on Nation's de
fense. rt( 1.
Chinese aspirant to be Bernhardt of her race
wants American husband. Paga a.
Delegates to Purity Congress oppose segre
gation or Tice. page Z.
Pacific North wet.
Governor promises state aid for securing con
viction or persons starting forest rires
maliciously. Page ft.
John A. Hooper no whit disconcerted on fac
ing accusers at Grants Pass. Page 2.
Cowboys capture abductor of Idaho rancher's
son. Pag 1.
Pacific Cntst "League results: Portland H.
Salt Lake 3; Oakland 7. Vernon 0; Los
Angeles 14. San Francisco 2. t ag 10.
Fastest drivers to participate In auto and
cycla races today. Page lo.
California athletes recruited for Taclflc
Association track team. Page 10.
Commercial and Marine.
Volga ls tsken at OAs for December loading.
Rnglixh hop crop estimated at half of last
ear's. Page IS.
Wheat advances at Chicago on black rust
reports. page 15.
War stocks less active, with some declines.
Portland and Vicinity.
Traffic expert will advise railroads and
business Interests of Northwest cities to
pool efforts for tourist travel. Page 11.
Evangelist at Advcntliit meeting as we.
In advance messenger of long peace.
Chiefs of Klkdom are welcomed to Portland.
Married teacher problem vexing School
Hoard again. Pago 12.
Northwest deslers propose to fight mall.
order houses. Page 11.
Mr. Hones-man now has five burglar cap
tares to Ills credit. Page 1.
Two burglars, chased and under fire, catch
moving streetcar and eacape. Page t.
Move Is afoot to bring 1IS Shrine conclave
here. Pago 12.
Weather report, data and forecast. Pag 15.
CITY WOOD USED AS LID
Fuel to Be Held in Stock lo Keep
Down Prices of Dealers.
Feellns that the) city's wood pile
which is on hand for sale is a valuable
asset, inasmuch as It ls forcing; wood
prices down, the Council will make no
effort to rt rid of the wood at pres
ent, further than to' sell It to persons
who want to buy. No solicitors will
be placed in the field, as was planned
by Purchasing Agent Wood.
The Council yesterday decided that
the wood belongs to the public and If
wood prices are reduced thereby the
public is benefited.
Commisssioner Baker declared the
high cost of cutting the wood was due
to poor Judgment In selecting a loca
tion for work.
LINER SAILS DEEP-LADEN
Cymric Takes Motor Cars, Aero
planes and Shells to Britain.
NEW YORK. July 23. The White
Star liner Cymric, which sailed for
Liverpool today, deep In the water from
the 15,000 tons of cargo aboard, also
carried 52 cabin, and 120 steerage pas
sengers, only one of whom, Frank R.
Gibson, of Buffalo, is an American.
The big cargo Includes tons of sup
plies for Great Britain, such as motor
cars and trucks, aeroplanes, empty
phellfl and cartridges.
CAN YOU BEAT IT?
w&a 4 .v I :i
Rancher's Son Scapes
$6000 RANSOM NOT PAID
VICTIM IS NOT INJURED
U. A. Kmncy's Relatives Are About
Itoudy to Pay Over $6000, but
Pomc Is Called Oft and Dis
banded When News Comes.
IDAHO FALIA Idaho, July 23.
Cowboys late tonight captured the ab
ductor of Ernest Empey, son of a
wealthy rancher who was kidnaped
several days ago and held for 16000
ransom, according: to a report received
The desperado. It is said, came down
from Sheep Mountain at nightfall and
was surrounded and taken on what is
known as Crane's Flat.
Empey late today escaped from his
abductor and was found by I'nlted
States forest rangers and is now safe
at Montpelier, according ii advices
Empejr fled while his captor was
asleep In a hut on Sheep Mountain,
five miles from Empty's ranch, where
he was taken at the point of a rifle.
According to a report from Montpe
lier. Empcy recognized his abductor
as a man employed upon his ranch
about five years ago. Kmpey described
his captor, but was unable to recall
Immediately upon receipt of the news
of Kmpry'a escape a posse left here
to conduct a search for the kidnaper.
Six thousand dollars in gold was
taken late today to the spot indicated
by the abductor for payment tomorrow
night for the release of the cattleman
in an effort to capture the man.
ItELATIYTiS READY m TO PAY
Sunday Was Day Named for Ran
som of $6OO0 to Be Given.
BOISK. Idaho. July 23. (Special.)
As the news reached here tonight from
Idaho Falls that the kidnaper of E. A.
Empty had been captured, the posse
organized to run down the desperado
disbanded. His relatives had Insisted
they proposed to pay the $6000 in gold,
as directed by the desperado, because
they were confident if they did not
Empty would be killed.
They did not want to take chances.
Officers and citizens In the eastern
part of the state found themselves baf
fled by the attitude of Empty's rela
tives Sunday was the day on which the
money was to have been carried In a
sack and deposited at a designated
spot in an isolated section of Eastern
Bingham County and there left for the
kidnaper. If it was so delivered be
would forthwith release Kmpey. If It
iConuluixi on Page 2. Column 3.
REPORTS FROM HEADS OF DE
PARTMENTS CALLED FOR.
Xavjr Equal to Any and Military
Training: for Every Citizen to
WASHINGTON. July 23. President
Wilson has called for reports on the
subject of National defense. These
will be made to him personally by the
heads of the War and Navy depart
ments. The fact that this action had
been taken became known here tonight
fter the release for publication of the
note to Germany relating to submarine
Without regard to present-day con
troversies, the President, in association
with various heads of department, has
been giving consideration for some
time to the preparation of a reasonable
and adequate naval programme which
he will propose to Congress at the
lie particularly wishes the Navy lo
stand on equality with the most effi
cient sea force maintained by any
power. As to the Army. It Is known
here that the President Is preparing to
ncorporate in his next message to
Congress a definite programme relating
to the development and equipment of
this branch of the service.
This will provide a plan for the
proper military training of citizens in
every way consistent with American
traditions and National policy, and
which the President believes will com
mend Itself to all patriotic and prac
tical minds. In this matter the Presi
dent Is working with the Secretary of
War and his professional associates.
STATUE MYSTERY SOLVED
Iron Figure Crumble When Work
men on Fountain Let It Fall.
The mystery of the missing' Iron
woman from the fountain at Sixteenth
nd Washington streets has been
Inquiry Into the case yesterday by
Commissioner Baker revealed the fact
that workmen In trying to fix the
figure accidentally let It slip and It
broke Into several hundred pieces.
The figure had been on top of the
fountain for years, Several years ago
the figure was missed and the Portland
Hallway, Light & Power Company since
has maintained a big cluster of lights
on top without charge. Recently the
company sent the city a bill for back
light, which the city failed to pay
and the company shut off the light.
Workmen of the park bureau went up
to fix up the figure and take off the
lights, and the calamity followed.
CANAL PAYING EXPENSES
Waterway Shows Profit If Interest
Is Not Counted.
WASHINGTON, July 23 Counting
only the cost of operation: of civil gov
ernment, sanitary work and the admin
istration and handling of ahlps. the
Panama Canal ls now on a paying basis,
according to official reports.
Receipts from May not only wiped
out the deficit of $39,480, which had
grown up since the opening up of the
Canal trade, but left a balance of
$177,799, which works out a profit of
4.7 per cent on the expenditure.
This, however, does not make any
allowance for Interest on the vast sum
expended in the construction, and from
that point of view receipts have not
yet equaled expenses.
CUPID ABOVE SUPERSTITION
Streetcar Man Oets License Friday,
C3, and Has No Fears.
Friday, the 2Sd. has no terrors for
W. K. Stlllwell. a streetcar man. who
lives at 1224 Albina avenue. Tenter
day he obtained a license to marry Miss
Baney M. Holmes.
"Not superstitious about a date like
that, are you?" asked John W. Cochran,
deputy County Clerk. aa he wrote out
"The date doesn't worry mc. eaid Mr.
Stlllwell. "President Wilson's daughter
got married on Friday, the 13th. and
I guess I ran get away with It on Fri
day, the 2SL
LOSS OF WARSHIP DENIED
German Admiralty Says Only Mine
layer Was Sunk In Baltic.
BERLIN, via London. July 2J. Sup
plementing the denial made last night
that a German warship had been sunk
in the Baltic by a hostile submarine,
the German Admiralty today author
ized the statement that in the opera
tions In question no battleship of the
Deutschland class was attacked by a
submarine and that no German war
ship of any kind was sunk.
The only loss during the operations
was the Albatross, a minelayer, it was
FOREIGN LEGION HARD HIT
Sls Fighting- for France Are Slain
BERLIN. July 23. (By wireless to
Sayvllle. N. Y.) The Overseas News
Agency gave out today a dispatch
from Geneva saying that two Swiss
soldiers of the French Foreign Legion
who have returned from France as In
valids report that one regiment con
sisting of 4600 Swiss numbered after
the battle of Arras 20 men.
A second regiment, consisting of
2000 Swiss, after the same battle,
numbered 232 men. The reriment lost
all 1U officers. '
Latest Capture Is Mr.
PURSUIT GIYEN IN "NIGHTIE'
Unpleasant Seance With In
LIFE OFTEN THREATENED
Smuller of To Visitor" Wield
ing Caslo ila IraVciblc Di-po-itiuit,
but Victim Parleys
I'ntil Point Is Obtained.
Catching burglars has become a pop
ular athletic pastime lth Waller 1$.
Honey man. clubman, society favorite
ml. member of the Honeyman Hurd
Mr. Honeyman used to be a star ath
lete at the Multnomah Amateur Ath
letic Club. Ha took mostly to sprint
ing. fix years to lie (.primed
three Mocks clown Alder Mreet from
Eleventh in hot pursuit of a man who
had snatched a purso containing IZ9
from a woman. He got his man.
At about 2 o'clock yesterday morn
ing, with the assistance of Patrolman
Hilton, he got his fourth burglar since
that occasion, bringing the total up to
Attire la t base Sraaty.
This titno Mr. Honeyman. attired
principally in a iilg'htgown and pair of
carpvt slippers, was driving nn auto
mobile In which he had chased the
burglar and a "pai" who got away,
over half the streets In North Portland.
Mr. Honeyman believes he thot the
For about 2", minutes previous to
the chase, however, tlio two burglars,
who appeared suddenly in the bedroom
where Mr. and Mr. Honeyman were
sleeping in their beautiful home at 249
Cornell Drive, hart the laugh all on
They made Mr. Honeyman and his
wife He with their hands stretched in
the air while they alternately jammed
pillows over their heads, playfully
poked a big revolver in their faces, and
kept up a running argument with Mr.
Honeyman as to the whereabouts of Ills
Threats Are KrequeaL
The burglar who got caught was
the short man of the conventional "tall
and short" combination. He carried a
thick gasplpe a couple of feet long,
with which he frequently expressed his
intention of "braining" Mr. Honeyman.
Once after a particularly hot arcu
nient about the trousers, this burglar,
who seemed to be in a very bad humor
indeed, fpitefully rapped the ospipe
across Mr. Honeyman's shins and then
across those of Mrs. Honeyman.
If it hadn't been for a restive pup
Mr. Honeyman's brother gave him a
few days ago. the burglars probably
wouldn't have got into the house in
the first place. Mr. Honeyman said
yesterday that he woke up some time
after midnight and heard a queer noise
downstairs. It subsided almost imme
diately and he, concluded it was the
Doc VnvtltllnK Aece.npllce.
In reality it was the burglars Jim
mying the window to the living-room
downstairs, through which they climbed
into the house. Now catching burglars
as they are trying to get into his
house haa become a specialty with Mr.
Honeyman. Ho got two that way in
two successive years when he lived on
Hoyt street before removing to his
This time, however, he went back to
sleep, thinking hard things about the
The dog. which riuhtly appears In
this narrative as a sort of accessory
villain, also favored the burglars In
another way. Vsually Mr. and Mrs.
Honeyman sleep on a porch in front,
and all the bedroom doors are locked.
But the dog made such a racket the
nlsht before that they decided to sleep
Indoors so they wouldn't hear hlra.
Preliminaries Are Brief.
At about 1:15 o'clock. Mr. Honeyman
said yesterday, he suddenly awoke
again. He thought he heard a noise
Just outside the bedroom. A curtain
which he had thrown back above a win
dow was flapping, and some Impulse
made him lay loudly:
"Who are you in there T"
Then several things happened at
From the doorway came a voice.
"Hands up'." as a strong electric flash
light was turned on Mr. Honeyman's
face. It blinded him and he couldn't
see the man behind it. but he could see
a nickel-plated revolver pointed direct
ly at his head. He put his hands up.
Demand Made for "Piili."
At almost the same instant the short
burglar materialized beside the bed.
grabbed the pillow from under his head
and jammed It over bis face.
"Now, where are your pants?" he de
manded. Mr. Honeyman indignantly pulled the
pillow off his face. "We Just got back
from the coast and I haven't got a
thing with me." he explained.
"Shut up," snapped the burglar, tak
ing Mr. Honeyman's watch and Jam
ming the pillow over his head a second
tluududcu ua !; &, Column i-