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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LV. XO. 17,044.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, JULY 10. 1915.
pi: in: rivi: cents.
PLEDGE GIVEN TO
Germany, However to Con
tinue Submarine War.
OFFICIAL GUARANTEES ASKED
Conditions Made for Travel
Under Own Flag or in
Vessels of Neutrals.
BERLIN FORWARDS REPLY
Surprise Felt That Lusitania
Sank So Quickly Munition
Policy Not Changed.
BERLIN, July 9, via London, July
10. Germany's offer, embodied in the
reply to the United States note re
garding the sinking of the Lusitania
and submarine warfare, was delivered
to James W. Gerard, the American
Ambassador, last night. Its essential
First, reiterated assurances that
American ships engaged in legitimate
trade will not be interfered with nor
the lives of Americans upon neutral
ships be endangered.
American Ships May Pass.
Second, that German submarines
will be instructed to allow American
passenger ships to pass freely and
safely, Germany entertaining in re
turn confident hope that the Amer
ican Government will see that these
ships do not carry contraband; such
ships to be provided with distinguish
. ing marks and thaiir arrival announced
a reasonable time in advance.
The same privilege is extended to a
reasonable number of neutral passen
ger ships under the American flag
and should the number of ships thus
available for passenger service prove
inadequate Germany is willing to per
mit America to place four hostile pas
senger steamers under the American
flag to ply between North America
and Europe under the same conditions.
Text of German Reply.
The text of the German note fol
lows: "Berlin, July 8. The undersigned
has the honor to make the following
reply to His Excellency, Ambassador
Gerard, to the note of the 10th ultimo
in re the impairment of American in
terests by the German submarine
war: The imperial government
learned with satisfaction from the
note how earnestly the Government
of the United States is concerned in
seeing the principles of humanity
realized in the present war. Also this
appeal finds ready echo in Germany,
and the imperial government is quite
willing to permit its statements and
decisions in the present case to be
governed by the principles of human
ity, just as it has done always.
Early Friendship Recalled.
"The imperial government wel
comed with gratitude when the Amer
ican Government in the note of May
15 itself recalled that Germany had
always permitted itself to be gov
erned by the principles of progress
and humanity in dealing with the law
of maritime war. Since the time
when Frederick the Great negotiated
with John Adams, Benjamin Frank
lin and Thomas Jefferson the treaty
of friendship and commerce of Sep
tember 9, 1783, between Prussia and
the Republic of the West, German
and American statesmen have in fact
always stood together in the struggle
for the freedom of the seas and for
the protection of peaceable trade. In
the international proceedings which
since have been conducted for the reg
ulation of laws of maritime war, Ger
many and America have jointly advo
cated progressive principles, espe
cially the abolishment of the right of
capture at sea and the protection of
the interests of neutrals.
Declaration of London Indorsed.
"Even at the beginning of the pres
ent war the German government im
mediately declared its willingness to
ratify the declaration of London and
thereby subject itself in the use of its
naval forces to all the restrictions
provided therein in favor of neutrals.
Germany likewise has been always
tenacious of the principle that war
should be conducted against the armed
and organized forces of. an enemy
XOnrludnd on ft a, (Column sVl
TO FURNISH BAIL
EX-DICTATOR REMOVED USTJER
GUARD TO FOKT BLISS.
Demeanor Is Quiet as He Protests
He Will ot Waive Rights As
sociates Are Out on Bail.
EI PASO. Tex.. July 9. General
Victoriano Huerta waived, preliminary
hearing on charges of conspiracy to
violate the United States neutrality
laws late today and was held under
$15,000 bonds for the Federal grand
jury at San Antonio December 20. He
declined to furnish bond and was re
moved to Fort Bliss, where he will
be guarded by Deputy United States
Immediately Generals Ygnaclo Bravo.
Eduardo Caus, Jose Delgado and En
rique Corosteita and J. B. Ratner
waived preliminary hearing: and all ex
cepting: Bravo furnished bond to ap
pear with Huerta at San Antonio.
General Bravo, who is 82 years old
and who has served 60 years in the
Mexican army, was released on his
personal recognizance. The bonds of
the others, which had been fixed aj.
$15,000 each,, were reduced. General
Caus' bond was fixed at $2500. The
others were required to furnish bonds
of $5000 each.
Huerta explained to J. B. Oliver,
United States Commissioner, that he
declined to give bond and was willing;
to be confined at the fort. He pro
tested, however, that he did not wish
to waive any of his rights in the case
and his attorney explained that by
waiving his preliminary hearing he
was not prejudicing his case.
Huerta's manner in court was quiet,
contrasting to his demonstrative ap
pearance when committed last week.
His six days' close confinement appears
not to have affected his health.
LONDON'S ASSENT LACKING
Washington" Explains Failure of
Proposal to Restore German Cable.
WASHINGTON; July 9. Germany's
proposals of last February for the re
opening of her cable communications
with the United States Tailed because
they were conditioned on the consent
of Great Britain and the London For
eign Office, which never replied to the
negotiations communicated by the
State Department officials made this
explanation today in the light of a
published assertion by Herr von Jagow,
the German Foreign Minister, who laid
stress on the lack of cable communica
tion) as a means of an exchange of
views between the American people and
the German public during the sub
marine warfare controversy.
FOOD IS DENIED CIVILIANS
Germans Reported to Have Adopted
Stern Measures In Belgium.
ROTTERDAM, Holland, via London.
July 9 It is reported here the German
military authorities in several of the
Belgian provinces, in an effort to force
the civilians to work for the army of
occupation, have withheld food supplies
sent in by the Commission for the Re
lief of Belgium. In Malines the supply
of food is said to have been stopped
because the mechanics refused to work
in their shops.
At Courtrai the workers are reported
to have been deprived of food because
of their refusal to work in barbed-wire
factories, while similar action was
taken at Roubaix on the refusal of the
workers to make sandbags for trenches.
LOVE BOWS TO HARD CASH
Only 13 of 2 08 Xormal School
Garduatcs Arc Wed.
MONMOUTH. Or.. July 9. (Special.)
"To marry or to teach?"
This question has confronted many
of the 298 dainty girl graduates from
Oregon Normal School since its rein
statement in 1911.
. Just 13 girls, four-tenths of 1 per
cent, bowed to Cupid. The remaining
99.6 per cent decided to teach.
None of the 110 girls in the 1915
class became a June or July bride.
Higher salaries are said to be the
weapon with which the God of Lore
has been worsted.
Of the total of 326 new alumni,
but 28 are men. Four have married.
LIFE STARTED HIGH UP
Babe Born on Roof of Wells-Fa rgo
A 10-pound baby boy was born at
noon Wednesday on the roof of the 12
story Wells-Fargo building at Sixth and
The proud parents are Mr. and Mrs.
C. H. McGirr. who have their home In
a neat five-room bungalow on top of
the skyscraper in the heart of Port
land's business district. Mr. McGirr is
superintendent of the building, and his
strange dwelling Is fitted with all the
conveniences of the modern office build
ing and has many of the comforts of
the suburban home besides, even to the
extent of a small garden.
TURKS THREATENING ADEN
Aid Attacking Force
British Fall Back.
LONDON. July 9. Turkish forces
from Yemen, Southwest Arabia, sup
ported by Arabs, are threatening Aden,
the British free port, according to an
official report issued by the British
press bureau tonight.
The Turks, with a large number of
Arabs and field guns, crossed Aden
Hinterland pear Ihej,
MINNEHAHA IN PORT
Gale Besets Liner on
Way to Refuge.
AMMUNITION CARGO IS SAFE
Officers Convinced That Bomb
Was Set by Holt.
CREW BATTLES WITH FIRE
Flames Gain Headway and Pene
trate Adjoining Hold, but Are
Extinguished After Vessel
HALIFAX N. S.. July . A bomb
placed aboard the Atlantic transport
liner Minnehaha, probably while she
lay at her pier In New York, caused the
explosion and fire at sea. In the opin
ion of the officers of the steamer,
which put In here for examination to
day with the fire still unextinguished.
The explosion occurred In No. 3 hold
and was of terrific force, shaking the
vessel from stem to stern. Those of
the crew who were forward at the
time were stunned by the shock and
two sailors were hurled into the air.
Flames followed, and for two days
and nights the crew battled to eave
Deed Attributed Holt.
There Is no doubt In the minds of
the officers that Erich Muenter. alias
Frank Holt, or confederates, were re
sponsible for the explosion, which oc
curred at 4:15 o'clock on the after
noon of Ju'y 7. the date on which
Muenter predicted that some vessel,
as to the name of which he appeared
uncertain, would be destroyed.
Muenter's plans were frustrated by
the fact that his weapon of destruction
was placed in miscellaneous freight
forward and was so separated by stout
bulkheads from an enormous cargo of
ammunition. ' which, with other in
flammable munitions of war Intended
for the allies, filled the after holds.
While the sailors fought the fire Cap
tain Claret headed for Halifax and
brought the ship safely through a gale
and fog to an anchorage here today.
By that time the flames had eaten Into
No. 4 hold, but later it was announced
that they had been extinguished.
SntYocatlag Fusses Follow Explosion.
The theory of spontaneous combus
tion was never entertained, as the ex
plosion .was followed by the Issuance
from the hatches of suffocating fumes
which seriously hampered the crew In
their fight, and which the officers be
lieve had been let loose by some In
Thrilling stories were told by the
100 men who made up the crew of the
freighter. The first two days out were
uneventful. The Minnehaha sailed from
New York for England last Sunday
night. Half an hour after midnight on
(Concludtxl on I'uk 'J. Column 1.
1 fcnJ,-''.,Att,--,J- ;
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The W rat her.
YESTERDAY Maximum Umpnlor, 1
decrees; minimum 67; part cloudy.
TODAY'S Fair, northerly wind.
Huerta refuses to gtva ball and la aent to
Fort HllMm unlr guard. Page. 1.
Liner Minnehaha reaches Halifax after ex.
ploaion that endangered munitions cargo.
Germans atfll advancing In region of War
aa r. I'age
German reply to American nota offere Ira
muDlty to American vessels and to
American passenger on neutral ships In
legitimate trade. I'ag-a 1.
Many prominent, men arrested In neutrality
violation charges. I'age S.
Woman to testify to murder she saw com
mitted 47 years ago. i'age 1.
Thaw counsel fall in effort to have proceed
ings doc la red mistrial. Page i.
Single highwayman robs 100 tourists In Tel.
lomstone Park. Fag 3.
Public Intuition declared effective chock on
newspapers. I'aga 3.
f port a.
Pacific Coast League ree tills: Portland 1.
I.os Angeles 2 ; Vernon 3. 6alt Le.Se 1;
baa Francises 6, Oakland S. Paga 14.
Giants take both ends of a double-header
from Cincinnati. Paga 14.
Cuts are latest to be put on honor eystem.
Payday looms for guardsmen In camp.
Stat Hlnhwar Engineer defies Commission
concerning oartaln orders. I'aga i.
Mora legislators decry extra session. Page 11.
27-year orator amaxea Chaulaaa.ua. Page a.
Ceanmercial and Marine
Plant ordered for coal bankers In North
Portland harbor. Pass 11.
Captain p. C. Fuilert home from residence
of years In Japan. Page 11.
Production ot drug plants In Oregon to be
encouraged. Pas IV
Wheal firm at Chicago, owing to harvest da
lay and bullish cable, paga li.
Stocks again depressed by foreign selling.
Portland aad Vicinity.
Attorneys In Dodge easa have clash and
prison threat Is made by court. Page .
Many children drill for parts In Liberty Ben
rxtsDL Page 7.
Question of repairing topper Washington
street paving causes fuaa at Council moot
log. Paga 14.
Judge Oatens accused when he grants Al
bln L. Clark retrial. paga .
Hot wava damages Northwest grain. Page 1.
Bweetpea show la delight. Paga lO.
Juris. Oatens grants new trial to A'bln L.
Clark. I'aga .
Stenographer Is reluctsnt witness In Cashier
case. Pago 1.
Wheat ks Injured by excessive heat. Page la.
Auditorium plan la attractive. Paga 1.
Thousands of Hhrlners on way. Page lu.
COUPLE CAN WED FREE
Charging Fees Illegal In Wawlilnr
ton. Says Attorney-General.
OLYMPIA. Wash.. July 9. (Special.)
Marriage ceremonies. If performed
by Washington Justices of the Peace,
must hereafter be freer or charge.
Attorney-Oeneral Tanner today held,
ruling In an official opinion to Frose
cutor J. K. Stewart, ot Grays Harbor
County: "A Justice cannot legally
charge a fee for performing a marriage
"In enacting a new fee bill for Jus
tices of the Peace, the recent Legisla
ture repealed the old schedule, which
provided a fee of $2.50 for marriages,
and neglected to specify any fee for
AV. K. KcIIork Better.
TANANA. Alaska. July . W. K.
Kellogg, a well-known breakfast food
manufacturer of Detroit. Mlciu. who
was taken ill on his arrival at Fair
banks, two days ago, was feeling much
better when he arrived here today,
bound for Dawson City. He was out
for a short walk while his boat was
LOST SHE NEEDS A NEW MAP.
WOMAN TO TESTIFY
Secret Kept 47 Years
to Be Revealed.
FOUR NOW UNDER ARREST
Wealthy Farmer. 75, Calls
Proceeding "Huge Joke."
NEW TREASURE TALE TOLD
James Boys Said to Hare Hurled
Loot Alter Robbing Hank Plat
I.ot In lire and Fortnne
Spent In Search.
BEDFORD, July t. With four men
under arrest for alleged complicity In
the murder of a wealthy stockman and
his son at fvlatn. Iowa. In September,
IKS. and arrangements made for the
protection of the state's chief witness,
representatives of Attorney-General
Co&son's office tonight said they were
prepared for the next phase of Taylor
County's double murder and burled
This, they say. would come Tuesday,
when the preliminary hearing of the
defendants. Bates Huntsman, fatnucl
Scrlrner and Henry and John Dame
wood, win be called in the local court.
M.sisa Hks Saw Marder Called.
C. A. Robbina. assistant Attorney
General, left tonight for Des Molncs
for a conference with hla chief, Attorney-General
Cosson. after arrange
ments had been made to Insure the
appearance of Mrs. Maria Porter, of
Quitman. Mo. at the hearing Tuesday.
She la the woman who. as a 14-year-old
glrL Is said to have witnessed the
killing of the cattleman, believed to
have been Nathaniel t?mllh. of SL Jo
seph. Mo- and hla son. and the subse
quent burial of IJ0.000 on the old Col
lins farm near rJiam.
Samuel Kcrlvner, the wealthiest man
among 1 he defendants. In ao Interview
here today, characterised the whole
proceeding as a "huge Joke." The
Iiamcwooda, although they declined to
treat the matter seriously. announced
that they wished to retain the "best
lawyers" In the country.
Tresssre Attributed ie Jsaws ateya.
Another version of the treasure story
ram to light when old residents said
the money had been burled on the farm
by the James boys, after they had
robbed a bank. This was said to ac
count for their Interest In recovering
It In after years.
The loss of the plat In a fir which
burned the house on the place, and the
death of Jonathan Dark, the only mem
ber of the gang who knew where It had
been burled, it was said, made neces
sary the search that extended, through
so many years.
Scrivener, the most prominent of the
men arrested, is 75 years old. Hunts
man I 77. and is said to have spent a
(Concluded on I'age a. Column 1 )
Fridays War Moves
TUB complete surrender of the Ger
man forces in German aoulhwet
Africa to General Botha, commander
of the forces of the I'nlon ot South
Africa; the French success In the
Vosges, where they made an advance
of 700 yards on a front of COO yards
and captured upwards of 00 tin
wounded Germans, and the stand being
msde by the Russians In Southern
Poland against the Austro-German
forces, give the British military critics
subject for comment on what they
term "the turn ot the tide" In the
war. which Is now approaching Its
General Botha's victory, with the
Germans cut off from the rest of the
world, was a foregone conclusion, but
-the fact that he won it after five
months of warfare, despite the rebellion
In his own country and under many
natural disadvantages. Is conslJerrd
by military observers to have been a
remarkable achievement- To gain this
victory. General Botha's forces had to
march In the blistering heat through an
almoat waterless country In which the
few wells had been poisoned and where
sandstorms made It necessary for the
soldiers to wear goggles.
It Is expected that this territory, some
300.000 square miles In extent, will be
annexed to the Union of South Africa.
Parts of this country, particularly
about Luederlts Bay. where there are
valuable diamond mines, are exceed
ingly rich. General Botha already has
begun to serd the citizen army home,
and a beginning will be made Imme
diately of the organisation of a con
tingent to assist the mother country
In the war In Europe.
There was little news from the Rus
sian front, but the announcements In
the Austrian and German official re
ports that there was no change In the
situation were taken to mean that the
Germanic armies had not yet recovered
from the defeat which the Russians
inflicted on them north of Krasnik.
where the Austrians are operating in
conjunction with General von Mark
ensen. It is uncertain aa yet whether
Grand Duke Nicholas, commander-in-chief
of the Russian forces, intends to
make his finul stand on his present
lines or to fall back to the River Bug.
which might Involve the evacuation of
Military men say that this doubt
less depends on 4ils supplies of muni
tions, which are now reaching him
through Archangel and which German
submarines are trying to cut off. An
underwater boat yesterday sank the
Hull steamer Guido. bound for a Rus
sian port, but she was loaded with
coal only. A submarine also sank the
Russian bark Anna, which was bound
from Archangel to Hull.
Severe fighting continues at several
points on the Western front. Tne
British report the repulse of all the
German counter-attacks that were
made in an effort to regain tho lost
trenches north of Tpres and say that
the British gain has been extended
and that the German louses were se
vere. Or. the other hsnd. the Germaiwi re
Port a repulse of the French attacks
at Souchex and aert that the Teu
tonic troops have made further prog
ress In the Woevre reglora, where they
say they raptured some trenches and
The Turks have continued their at
tacks on the Galllpoll Peninsula and.
according to German correspondents,
have regained some trenches from the
British. They have made their ap
pearance also In the vicinity of Aden,
the British free port on the south
coast of Arabia, where, however. Brit
ish troops anj warships are said to
be ready for them.
No estimate nas yet be.n made of
the amount subscribed to the Immense
Brltlnh war loan. Three banks yes
terday subscribed a total of 6:. 000. 000
(IJI0. 000.000). and It l said that at a
meeting of hankers It was decided
that a subscription of Lombard street
will be one-fifth of the entire loan of
RELIEF OF POLAND FAILS
HocLefellrr foundation I'nable to
tet Nations to Agree.
LONDON. July . The last member
of the Rockefeller Foundation war re
lief committee remaining In Berlin has
left that city, the German government
having canceled an arrerntetit which
permitted the commission to take charge
of the work of feeding the civilian pop
ulation of Poland.
Krnest 1. Rlxknell and Henry James.
J r members of the commission, several
months ago got an agreement from the
German government for Its aid In finan
cing the plan If permlslson were ob
tained from tli entente to Import the
necessary food supplies.
Negotiations to this end with the Rus
sian government failed. Then the Brit
ish Foreign OlUce was approached, but
as no agreement had yet been reached,
the German government canceled the
AUSTRIA MAKES APOLOGY
Amends Tendered United States for
Abusive Newspaper Article.
VIENNA, via London. July 9 Formal
apology has been made by the Austro
Hungarian government to I'nlted States
Ambassador Penfleld because of an
abusive article printed In the Neue
Wiener Tageblatt. attacking President
Wilson and the American people Id con
nection with the second note protest
ing against German methods of sub.
As a rigid censorship is exercised
over Austrian papers. Ambassador Pen
fleld has Informally asked the Foreign
OtTlce If the article represented the
opinion of the Austrian government.
The result was an apology and a sharp
reprimand for the official ccusor.
POT IN EVIDENCE
Stenographer Is Reluc
MEMORY PROVES TO BE BAD
Documents Identified Only
After Much Questioning.
CARBON COPIES ACCEPTED
Mis Hulda Krk-kNon, lormrrly 1 1m
ployetl by Hefrntlant Company,
Admits She Hoc. Not Want to
Identify I-eMonn loiters.
Mi.s Hulda Erlckson Is a fcrrr.er
stenographer for the I'niled Siatea
Cashier Company, and she has a mind
of her own. When she doesn't want
to testify, all the king's horses and all
the king's men can only make her tes
tify up to a certain point, a., she dem
onstrate.! In Federal Judge I'.cnn'a
I'nitfil States Attorney llcamrj hd
called Min Erickicon as a tvtinr t
identify rurbon copies cf cert In let
ters alleged to have been jent to e-.iles-men
by Frank LeMonn. sale mnnaeer
of the company, who I one of the reven
officials and salesmen of the concern
on trial for conspiracy t. lolrtte the
postal fraud statute.
Ovea WrltlMa- Idealised.
Mr. Rcames handed Miss Krickeoti
two sheets of ellow psper. " Io you
e any handwriting with tvhi. h ou
are familiar on this first i-hi 1 1:" lie.
"Yes." returned Miss Frlckson. n.it
word 'Salesmen' written across the top
Is in my hand writins."
"And what are those Initials i.I II..
bottom of the sheet, and whit .! tli.y
stand forT went on the l'mtc.1 Stntrs
"F. I- M. and H. K.." said Miss Kn. k.
son. " H- K. are my initials. F. 1 - M.
are tho InltlaJa of Mr. UMonn" She
explained that It was the custom in
the company's office for the stenogra
pher to write her own Initials and
those of the author of tho letter In
IdeatlMrattea Is Hcfased.
-la this letter, dater October 11.
Mil. with tne word "Salesmen In your
handwriting at the top and your Ini
tials and those of Mr. LeMonn at tr
bottom, a copy of a letter dlctatej to
you on that data by Mr. LeMonn?"
asked Mr. Reame.
"I can't say whether Mr. LeMonn dic
tated that letter to me or not," sail
Miss Erlckson. her black eyes nshlng.
"Is It that you can't or that you
don't want to?"
"I don't want to," snajred Miss
Federal Agrat Called.
Mr. Reamea called Hiram S. House,
special agent of the Department of
Justice, to the stand. He identified
the letter as one found In ths record
of the company, which he said had
been given him a year ago by Frank.
Menefee. Its presldenL
"I object to this Identification."
broke In Attorney Pipes for the de-
fense. "This Is a csrbon ropy and not
; sisncd. It Is not the oriental and Is
'only secondary evidence."
I Mr. Rrames replied that the Govern
! mrnt had been unable to obtain tho
Judso Boan said that as It was
taken from the files of the romrany,
the Utter was in a way original evi
dence whether signed or not. "As this
Is a criminal caje. all records of the
company are competent evidence In art
effort to rrove that the company en
tered Into a conspiracy." he declared
In overruling tdo objection.
Mist Kririuwa aseeas lltal.
I'nlted Slates Attorney Reamea
promptly excused Mr. House from ths
stand and called Miss Erlckson back.
lie questioned her about tt.e second
sheet, on which were the names of SI
persons In writing. She admitted that
the writing was hers snd that several
of the names were those of sslesnien.
"Did Mr. UMonn dictate this letter
to you?" asked the Fnitc.l States At
torney, returning to the attack.
'lis been a lor; t'.ir.e aso. and I
can't say." returned the girl.
"Is this letter like the letters on
arote are the form, the piper, the
Initials, the typewriting. the para
graphing the same?"
"Yes." she admitted. Mr. P.eainea had
her explain these det-tl! to the Jury,
l-etter !absald aa Kilaesre.
She also admitted that the letter ha I
been sent to tho persons w hose unmet
and addresses were or the second
sheet, and Mr. Rrames Introduced the
letter In evidence.
It was addressed to Messrs. Hunter
and While, Eureka. Cal.. and spoke of
enclosing a copy of a newspuper ad
vertisement of that date and of plat s
of the company to conlu t an ev
tenslv advertising cnmpaiKtv
Then Mr. Reames brought out
another letter for Miss Erlckson t
Identify. "I won't say whether I
wrote It or not," she said. "1 don't
rememhejr." ,Tou do know that you
wrote It, don't you?" asked Attorney
Attorney Pipes Interposed an objec
tion at the Government's questioning.
"These questions are onir being
ICoacJadad ea Pas , iVamt Li