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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 3, 1915)
THE MOKN'iyQ OREGON! AX. SATURDAY, JULY C 191,
? POKTLANU, OBBCOX.
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il0 BTLAXD, SATURDAY, JULY 3, JS13.
AX EXPERT'S VIEW OF THE WAR.
Observers of the war's progress are
charged with "looking at only one part
'Ut the map at a time" by a writer for
.'the New York World whom that pa
mper describes as "a military expert
nvhose name is known from one end of
-the country to th-n other." He says
people appear to have forgotten that
-the various enemy forces are working
In accord and that every movement is
la part of a general programme." He
-predicts final victory for the "armies
3vhlch have the greatest number of
-inen and the greatest amount of iron,"
-and he says that "neither set of allies
3ias really tested its resources of
- He asserts that Germany has been
trictly on the defensive since the bat--tle
of the Marne, is still on the defen
sive, and that "unless she begins a
"great offensive movement in the very
iear future the war will develop into
.a test of resources, with Germany per
manently on the defensive." He rec
onciles the present highly successful
Austro-German campaign against
Itussla with this statement by saying:
- The Russians do not hope to make any
real impression upon the Auatrian-Uerman
lines at present. The one purpose or the
Russian machine Is to draw the German
lorces away from the French Una' and In
cidentally to compel Germany to sacrifice
soldier every lung a Kuwan is killed.
" -He calls the Russian evacuation of
-Austrian fortresses "excellent strategy
from the standpoint of the allies," for
Russia knew she could not maintain
her position if the Germans made a
real attack, but it resulted in two
'great advantages "first, many sol
diers were withdrawn from the French
lines; and second, many Austrians and
Germans were killed." He says Rus
sia can afford to retreat for weeks. If
not for months, and "can continue the
defensive movement until the Fall,
providing that at all times she en
gages a strong enough force of Ger
mans to weaken the other German
'line." He continues:
' Russia is now training several great
rimes She la preparing to get guns and
ammunition for them. These armies prob
ably will not be ready to turn loose on the
Germans until next Sprine. when you may
expect to see the real .Russian campaign
Italy is "compelling the Kaiser to
stretch out his force to such an extent
that it will be impossible for him to
concentrate for a real drive against
the allies on the French and Belgian
lines." The allies "can afford to wait
until next year, if necessary, to put
the second great Russian armies in
the field and to get the second British
armies into action." In the meantime
the Balkan States may Join them,
again lengthening the German-Austrian
lines. The allies cannot at pres
ent, he says, "make any real offen
sive movement," for "the only move
ment that will ever have a real effect
upon the situation will be when one
set of allies breaks through the lines
of the other and destroys a great part
of an army." A mere falling back,
as at Lemberg. "will avail Germany
nothing," for "with the French. Brit
ish and Belgians on her back she can
never hope to conquer Russia" and
she has failed to destroy the Russian
armv. Th rnnf-lnciAn to-
Personally. I am inclined tn Hllv h. I
the real crisis may arrive next Spring after
lie allies have stretched a band around
Oermuny and Austria. They will then un
doubtedly concentrate several tremendous
forces at various points and try a number
of drives at one time, hoping thereby to
am a all the German lines In various sections.
There Is grave doubt In my mind whether
such a aeries of movemeats will not be
checkmated by the Kaiser's forces. If they
succeed, they will mean the beginning of
the end of the war, but I ara satisfied that
the real fighting will not commence until
the allies get into Germany.
While accusing superficial observers
of looking at only one part of the map,
this expert lays himself open to the
charge of ignoring material facts
when he says Germany has been on
the defensive since the battle of the
Marne. That battle certainly ended
her offensive against Paris, but it was
followed by an offensive against Eng
land, beginning with the first battle of
Tpres. Since then Germany has un
doubtedly been on the defensive In
the west. Were not the Russian in
vasions of East Prussia and 'the des
perate attempts to capture the Car
pathian passes really offensive opera
tions? No army acting on the defen
sive would attempt an operation so
costly in men and material as the at
tack on the Carpathians. Were not
the two German drives on Warsaw
offensive operations, and does not the
present Austro-German drive ' south
east of that city fall within the same
category ? .
The assumption that the allies did
not plan the beginning of offensive
operations for the Spring of 1915 ac
cords neither with these facts nor with
their own statements. Lord Kitch
ener's prediction that the war would
begin in May is suscep'ible of only one
interpretation that -an offensive
move would be undertaken then. He
can scarcely have intended the spas
modic attacks by the British near
Xeuve Chapelle and La Bassee. nor
the check of the German attack on
Tpres, to be understood as beginning
The Russian repulse, the failure of
the French and British to begin a gen
eral, continued offensive in the west,
the slow progress of the attack on the
Dardanelles and the clamor for ammu
nition in both Britain and Russia, go
to show that the plans formed by the
allies last Winter have gone awry and
have been revised. They have prob
ably been revised on the lines indi
cated by the World's expert, but Ger
many is still vigorously offensive, not
hoping to conquer Russia, but striving
to destroy the Russian army .that she
may turn all her attention to the west,
while Austria turns all'hers to Italy
and both putting on such a bold front
that the Balkan States will fear to de
clare war against them. Unless Brit
ish munition supplies are soon in
creased enough to permit of an allied
offensive, the British and French may
continue nibbling at the Germans until
the latter bring heavy reinforcements
from the east and attempt another
drive for Paris or Calais.
It will not be easy to convince any
observer, military or civilian, that
when the Russian army was being
ariven from Galicla, was 10310? hun
dreds of thousands of prisoners and
many cannon which are not easily re
placed, the French and British con
fined their operations to purely local
attacks from choice. The British par
ticularly did so from necessity, be
cause they lacked the means for con
tinued, successful attack.' The French
were far more active, but their activ
ity was restricted by the unreadiness
of the British to render them effective
aid. The explanation of the course of
the war 'this year Is to be found not
In allied strategy, but in the British
and Russian factories. Russia was in
dire need of relief from irresistible
pressure. That relief could have been
given by her allies had they been
equipped, as they should have been,
to keep the Germans so busy In the
west that not a man nor a gun could
be spared for the eastern campaign.
It mij- be that the real crisis will
not come until next Spring, but that
was not the allies' original intention.
Their task at that time may be ren
dered easier by the .losses which they
may inflict on their enemies and by
the additions which they will make o
their owa forces in the interval, but
the fortune of war is still uncertain,
greatly as science has reduced the ele
ments of chance.
THE THAW SCANDAL.
When Thaw had slain Stanford
White, all the rich resources of the
best legal talent money c.-uU buy
were employed to prove that he was
insane. The effort was so slgnally
successful that the Pittsburg degener
ate has been in confinement for the
greater part of nine years as an in
sane murderer. But throughout all
that long period, a formidable combi
nation, or series of combinations, of
lawyers, detectives, and alienists, all
with their hands within reach of the
limitless Thaw millions, have been
trying to undo the work so well done
nine years ago.
It Is necessary, of course, for the
ingenious seekers of liberty for Thaw
to take the more or less logical posi
tion that Thaw was insane then, but
sane now. Very well. Let us admit
it. Tet if he is sane now. it is obvious
that he may at any time go Insane
again, and kill some other Stanford
White. For of course Thaw was sane
when he married Evelyn Xesbit, and
was driven insane only by the evil
machinations of White with his do
mestic affairs. Having slain White,
he promptly became sane again.
The Thaw case is the scandal of
American Jurisprudence. Thaw is a
murderer, sane or insane, and he
should forever be treated as a mur
derer. Why is he not? The answer
is the Thaw millions.
SAME OLD 8TI-J-F. "
Somebody named James Xugent,
living In Mew Jersey, is making a
house-top campaign against woman
suffrage. The fact is not particularly
important to any one so far away
from the Nugent habitat as a citizen
of Oregon; yet it is interesting to note
that the old threadbare inanities are
serving as argument against confer
ring the ballot on women. Thus Nu
gent, according to the New Tork
Mr. Nugent Is scandalized by the fact
that If women should vote they would have
to serve on Juries and might have to spenfl
long hours locked up In a Jury room away
from the tender protection of their homes.
The fact that women are not physically
fitted to go to war convinces Mr. Nugent
that they ar necessarily Incapable of help
ing In the deliberations of peace. Worst of
all. Mr. Xugent is afraid that It women
vote they may be so "hysterical" as to re
fuse to grant franchises to certain benevolent
organizations commonly known as public
It is the old worm-eaten stuff in
the old buncombe way. In Oregon
women vote, but do not serve on
Juries; and in Washington they both
vote and act as Jurors. Yet the woman
who in our neighbor state said she
needed the tender protection of her
home would be at once excused.
There are too many men now at
war. and it is fortunate for the world
that women stay at home.
There used to be Xugents in Ore
gon, but they have disappeared into
the unfathomable woods of their own
BUT WILL THE KAILKOAI) SETA?
Governor Withycombe reached the
only sensible conclusion concerning a
special session of the Legislature to
consider the purchase of the Oregon &
California Railroad lands. It is diffi
cult to conceive, of any purchase plan
that would not involve the state in
large indebtedness. State indebted
ness is limited by constitution. Adop
tion by the people of an amendment
would therefore be one of the first es
sentials. There would be nothing
much the Legislature could do except
adopt a formal resolution stating the
state's interests in the grant and urg
ing some equitable disposition of it.
This the Legislature has already done
on two occasions.
Action by the Oregon Legislature
has been urged as a means to forestall
the ultra-conservationists in a pre
sumptive desire to induce the Govern
ment to purchase the grant and place
the lands in a forest reserve. The
proposal Is based on a further pre
sumption that the railroad would be
willing to sell to the Government,
knowing that the lands would not be
subject either to settlement or taxa
tion. It is by no means certain that Con
gress could compel the railroad to sell
the grant back to the Government
or that the railroad would be willing
to do so. The Supreme Court has held
that the railroad has absolute title to
the land, except for the qualifications
of the settlers' clause in the grant.
The settlers' clause is an "enforce
able covenant" to which the Govern
ment is as much a party as the rail
road. The company has already per
formed a part of its covenants. It has
built the railroad. Now that it has
learned that it cannot take to itself
the increment in the land values over
and above 12.50 an acre, it seems
plausible that the railroad would in
sist that the land be' sold to actual
settlers, or in such manner that it
would be assured the traffic incident
to removal of the timber and also be
assured a development of its terri
tory. Moreover, as between Government
reservation and acquirement bv indi
vidual settlers, loggers and miil-own-ers.
there is a matter of about $500,
000 yearly in taxes. Sale of the grant
means that the railroad would be re
lieved of possible liability for that
amount of taxes, although it Is not
clear that it can be taxed on more
than its equity in the grant. But
sale-to the Government for reserva
tion purposes means also that the land
would go wholly untaxed, whereas
sale to individuals means that it would
be taxed uniformly 'with other prop
erty. There is a difference of JJ20.000
to 125.000 a year to the railroad in the
two policies, for it Is a heavy taxpayer.
To strike from the rolls 110.000.000
to S30.000.000 worth of property
would create a tax deficit which the
railroad, among other taxpayers,
would have to meet. The taxation
phase might well cause the railroad
to reject sale to either state or Gov
ernment if such sale did not carry the
assurance that the lands would pass
at once into private ownership for de
velopment and settlement.
In short, what it is possible for Ore
gon to do in the premises is now
wholly indefinite. An expensive spe
cial session of the Legislature at this
time would be singularly Inopportune.
"Has The Oregonlan gone demo
cratic?" inquires an upstate exchange.
The Oregonlan cheerfully replies that
it is not gone, nor going, demo
cratic, for it has always been demo
cratic. It has a profound and un
changing faith in a democracy of the
people, with a republican govern
ment for the people. It would have
the American people even more demo
cratic and their Government even
more republican. It thinks that in
free America the nearest approach to
an ideal has been found, for here the
people control and their representa
Doubtless our friend meant that
The Oregonlan had gone to the Demo
cratic party. It might be nearer the
truth if he had said that the Demo
cratic party had gone to The Orego
nlan fqx instruction, information,
guidance and counsel, for there is rea
son to believe that The Oregonlan is
faithfully read every duy 1y thousands
of good Democrats.
Why should they not? It has not
escaped their observation, for exam
ple, that The Oregonlan has given un
qualified and whole-hearted support
to the President of the United States
In all great matters where the inter
ests of the American people as a w hole
are involved. It has also been ob
served by them, no doubt, that other
newspapers, professing to be Demo
cratic, have taken refuge, in recent
crises, in a bogus and contemptible
neutrality, and have failed to stand
loyally and boldly by an American
President in the assertion of Ameri
Xes, The Oregonlan is democratic.
But It is first and always American.
DEFENDING THE 8HOBT STORY.
Gouverneur Morris, one of our con
temporary "mob of gentlemen who
write," has come boldly to the rescue
of the short story from its base as
persora Those who have called this
"art product" dull, or even idiotic, will
be sorry when they read what Mr.
Morris has to say in its defense. The
short story "is better than ever," de
clares the champion. If he were not
forbidden by modesty he could name
a few stories which outshine those of
former days with incomparable luster,
for Mr. Morris himself is one of our
most notable artists in that line and
we submit that a man is the best critic
of his own work. Mr. Morris "thinks
the short stories of twenty-six years
ago are not to be compared with
those of today." In some respects
they are not. They were interesting
In those far-off days and had not yet
completely sacrificed thought, passion
and movement to the fetich of style
and form. A story was a story In
those times and not a thin and blood
less specter which "died a-bornln'!"
Lovers of United States literature will
smile at Mr. Morris" remarks about
Washington Irving. He says "Rip
Van Winkle." for instance, U dull, has
no technique, and so on.
Mr. Morris' criticisms of his elders
and betters rehearse the current mag
azine patter about the short story.
Washington Irving has managed to
survive In spite of his "dullness,"
"lack of technique" and other fatal
faults. So has Hawthorne, who wrote
some blessedly good stories, and so
has Poe. But Poe's merits Mr. Morris
If there ever was a literary school
puffed up to Its own destruction with
conceit and vanity it is our modern
American group of short-story writers.
They have formed a mutual admira
tion society of the crasseFt shameless
ness. tolerate no dissent from their
idiotic canons, and, as far as their
power extends, blight every germ of
original genius in our literature. Their
work has no more merit than that of
the decadent Byzantine authors whom
they closely resemble both in their
worship of barren style and in their
self-conceit. They praise one another
without limit but outside their elite
circle nobody either praises or reads
THE SPORTIVE UBR.ltU.LN8.
Librarians are commonly looked
upon as saintly people austere in their
personal habits and predisposed to
mental severities such as Henry James
and George Meredith. But they can
be frolicksome when nobody is look
ing. In their gatherings, which have
been numerous and fruitful this Sum
mer, a certain air of desiccated gaiety
has prevailed as It might in a com
pany of booklovlng ghosts making
merry with the sexton's spade. At
Chicago this withered love of fun has
been particularly conspicuous. The
public library assistants, taking their
cue from the lightsome antics of the
National Association, have been di
verting thtmsclvcs with a mock ex
Of course no person who is quite
sane would think of Joking about
written examinations, which are In
their nature tragically solemn and pre
tentiously useless. But the Chicago
library staff have managed to squeeze
some faint autumnal rays of fun from
their ghastly choice of a butt. The
questions they have set go searchlngly
into one's knowledge of Mother Goose.
We are rather proud to be able to
answer most of them. Dpubtless with
some research we could answer them
all, but we do not aspire to a vain
Can you tell, on the spur of the
moment, gentle reader, who It was
that with 20.000 men marched up
hill and then marched down again?
He was a worthy precursor of the
Kaiser and the Czar, who, at the pres
ent moment, are bravely and some
what pompously engaged In repeating
his maneuver. The most beautiful
thought in the set of questions touches
upon the harmony that prevailed In
Jack Spratt's household. Jack him
self, as the reader ouht to know,
could eat no fat while his wife could
eat no lean. This difference of taste
would in some families have led
straight to the divorce court, but not
so with the Spratts. They made it a
means of domestic economy and con
nubial harmony. Mrs. Spratt ate the
fat. as In duty bound, while Jack re
galed himself upon the lean, so that
at the meal's end there was always a
clean platter. Would that the exam
ple of their compromise with Its les
sons of peace and happiness might be
followed throughout the world.
What Is life, after all, but a com
promise? Mother Goose is a book for
children, but its wisdom is for all
ages. How much better would it not
be for the world if the Czar and the
Kaiser could Imitate Old King Cole,
that merry okl soul? As the Chicago
librarians remind us cryptically, he
"called for his pipe and he called for
his bowl and he called for his fiddlers
three." Happy and Innocent King.
Thrice Innocent when we remember
that he might have been calling for
his Landwehr and his Landsturm and
his embattled MuJIka. A King who
does nothing worse than get drunk
and dance Jigs earns the grateful
benedictions of mankind.
THE HONOR SYSTEM.
The "honor system" appears to be
a shining success at the 12S colleges
which have adopted It. In some of
this Iur number It extends merely
to written examinations. In others It
covers the whole field of student disci
pline, with examinations for a minor
province. We understand that the
faculty of our Agricultural College at
Corvallis would not abolish the honor
system for any consideration. They
are more disposed to extend than to
The students at the Annapolis Naval
Academy were formerly allowed to
govern themselves In part, under the
honor system, but it has been abol
ished to the injury of the school. If
current reports are reliable. The ex
superlntendent. Captain Gibbons, ex
plains the change by saying that "the
students are paid to study; they have
made a contract with the Government
which they are obliged to fulfill un
der severe penalties." This amounts
to saying that any deception the stu
dents can practice Is so much clear
gain to them. With such a theory of
conduct accepted by the superintend
ent we do not wonder that the Annap
olis boys cheat In their written exam
inations. Professor Baldwin, of Swarthmore
College, has prepared a bulletin on
the honor system which rcvc-al the
progress It is making In our more en
lightened schools. He explains Its
success on the grounds that it satis
fies the students' natural desire to
formulate their own Ideals, stimulates
their Interest In team work and awak
ens their college loyalty. Thj venson
why tne honor system hes not been
adopted everywhere Is that it makes
some little worry for the faculty at
the outset. To crush dishonesty with
the strong hand, or pretend to crush
It, Is much easier than to foster nas
cent Ideals of honorable liberty.
The death of a woman In Clackamas
County a few days ago by explosion
of. kerosene oil she was using to start
a fire Is one of the accidents that re
sult from scarcity of whittling and
old papers. City folk are well sup
plied with the latter, but they are not
plentiful on the farm. The best in
vestment for man or boy Is tn a sharp
Jack-knife, but if too lazy to use it and
newspapers are preferred, some of our
contemporaries are excellent kindling.
There should be some parental or
municipal supervision over the places
where young people go swimming.
The death of Arthur Yoho at Salem
might have been prevented by a little
sensible caution from his elders. He
struck his heud on a atone when div
ing and hurt himself to his death.
Why cannot every city provide a safe
place for this necessary warm weather
A motorcyclist rsn down a four-year-old
child and fractured Its skull,
speeding off without raring to learn
what he had done. The fact that he
could not avoid the child is evidence
of the terrific rate he was traveling.
Plain clothes men must find him and
he mut be given the maximum pen
alty. Anybody's child Is in danger
while he 1 at large.
It was a singularly mean burglar
who stole money and Jewels from the
sick people at St. Vincent's Hospital.
If he had a chance we suppose he
would steal the pennies from a dead
man's eyes with an approving con
science. Even In thlovcry there fcre
degrees of baseness. Claud Duval
could rob nobly and Robin Hood could
even do It generously.
If British vessels desire the protec
tion of the American flag, a legal way
of obtaining It may be found, but
habitual resort to it In time of danger
destroys its value to those entitled to
If the American forces had gone on
to Mexico City when they went to Vera
Cruz a year ago last Anrll. all the sub.
sequent misery in that city might have
The loss of life on the Armenian l
a warning to all British skippers not
to attempt flight from a submarine
unless they can easily outrun It.
Mrs. Pankhurst should be worth a
whole army to the allies. She could
make the Germans retreat by merely
talking to them.
Russ Chamberlain's Job is not a
vital Issue, yet the principle Involved
creates sentiment that directs votes on
If Commissioner Bukcr will but get
work started on that auditorium, he
will earn re-election by that act alone.
Davy Jones had sweetening In his
"tay" yesterd.iy with the sinking of
the Welbury. laden with sugar.
Probably other Mexican states feel
as does Oaxaia and would welcome
American troops as deliverers.
Oregon continues to astonish visitor's
to the San Francisco Fair. Now it Is
The Crown Prince of Germany may
be dead, but at least part of his army
Polly never desired a cracker half
as badly as does the small boy today.
- The Hessian fly is an Insect they
cannot swat In the Middle West.
Hurrah for the Third, alias the
The Fourth cannot help being sane.
The eagle begins to scream today.
Co somewhere to celebrate.
Half a Century Ago
From Tha Ortgonlaa July 3. 1S.1.
New York. The President Is quoted
In an article recently published here
that In his opinion the matter of negro
suffrage can be left safely In the hands
of the loyal white residents.
The Impression gains ground that
Jeff Oavls will bo tried for treason
before the court of the iMslrlet of Co
lumbia at Washington. In behalf of a
contrary opinion It has been urged
that, aa the crime of treason can only
be tried In tho district within which It
Is committed, and as Jeff Iavl has
never been within the District of Co
lumbia since the rebellion began,
therefore the court of Washington can
have no Jurisdiction. In reply to this.
It la pointed out that to commit treason
one dors not hare to commit the overt
arts himself, but he can direct the
movements nf others. He may thus
be guilty. There la In possession of
the liovernment now some five tons of
evidence aealm-t Jeff Davis. And It
Is a well-known fact that Lee when
he evacuated Richmond burned and
otherwise destroyed arrest quantities
or evidence, sending only the most Im
portant documents to Charleston. N. C.
for safe keeping.
Between Salt Lake and Denver the
Indians are so numerous that all
polnta cannot be well guarded, and
as a result we are without much tele,
graphic Information from the East.
The military force has been removed
from the old to the new mall route
In that territory, and as result the
telegraph line Is practically unguarded
Nelll Johnson, of Auburn. Or. has
w-rltten a letter to Governor CSibbs
railing attention to the activities of
Indians In that district. The Governor
has referred tho letter to Colonel
Maury to see what can be done. The
ruerrlla whites also sr rauslnc some
trouble In that rommunliy, which Is
On and after July 3 (today) the
steamers of the People's Transporta
tion Company will touch the Lincoln
House wharf at the Toot of Washing,
Rev. John W. Srllwood. Jr.. was yes
terday admitted to the Priests' Order of
81. Stephen's Chapel. The exercises
were conducted by Right Rev. Hlshop
T. E. Hcolt. assisted by Rev. T. E
Hyland and Rev. Seilwood. The young
minister Is the son of Kev. John W.
Sellwood. Sr.. of Salem.
The officers of the eighty-ninth an
niversary of American Independence
programme In Portland tomorrow are:
President. E. D. Shatturk: grand mar
shal. O. R. Gibson: marshal of the first
division. James A. Wavmlre: second di
vision. C. K. Calef; third division. A.
Zeiber; orator of the day. Elwood
Evans; render of the Declaration of
Independence. John MrOraken. and
chaplain. Rev. D. Rutledge.
Kr-.MAI.i: MA4IIF.ll nADLV TREATED
Mr. Watroa. s Fhorked That Mas
YYsald Have llie Arre-steel.
POKTUXD, July Z. (To the Edi
tor, i on July l there was published
lriThe Oregonlan a news Item of Im
portance, which, if true, will bear In
vestigation by the chief executive of
the city, several worneu-'a Cubs, some
moral crusaders and serious consider
ation by good citizens, both men and
women, who are not members of or
ganizations but who have rishta to pre
serve. Assuming your new-a Item to
be correct, one of our policemen, named
Flint, while h was In "plain clothes."
was the victim of improper overtures
made to him by a woman 40 years of
". carrying IJCO on her person and
having H000 In the bank and who
went to Jail on the policeman's com
plalut because she refused to pay a
fine, of $14 for her boldness.
Who la this Adonis on the force who.
even in plain clothes, cannot walk the
streets without danger of seduction by
matronly women wlUi fortunes In
their ow n name? Such a man Is demor
alizing to the force ami dangerous to
the community. If he is so besulllng to
women old enough to know better
whenhe walks the streets a private
citlz. n. what must the temptation be
when, bedecked with brass buttons,
belt, buckle and bludgeon, he patrols
hi best? The young women of our
city. Impulsive, Inexperienced, suscep
tible to such charms as his. must th.-n
of necessity commit so many offenses
against his modesty that our city Jail
w-lli soon be the compulsory meeting
place of the women a clubs.
Seriously, however, do you believe
such performances conducive to the
public welfare and within the legiti
mate province of the police? Most citi
zens in plain clothes. If accosted bv a
woman of such year, would scarcely feel
themselves In such Jeopardv phyeicatly
or morally that they wo',l reel called
upon to cause her arrest. Perhaps this
woman ha too much money. The In
qulry Is pertinent: 1 w people of means
who are really guilty of offenses gen
erally serve time in Jill rather than
pay a fine? The tula you have un
folded Is the story of such an act on
the part of officials of our city a 1
u nClunlf led. unnecessary and unjust.
Such an act makea men want to up
set a system that permits It nnd unseat
officials who perpetrate It. Where are
all the shouter for women's rlthtsT Is
the right to vote the only right they
crave, or do they sincerely want wom
en to have all their rights? This wom
an Is being Imposed upon, and your
statement of fart guarantee it.
KNIBI.K VIEW AS TO IATHIli
Writer fieri Triumph for Morality la
Ahaadonmeat af Prudery.
POitTEANK. July 2. (To the Ed
itor.) N-iw comes the announcement
that the Women's lloirj of Censorship
has approved the bathing suit wrn
by the girl swimmers of Portland, al
though their Individual Ideaa seemed
to differ a to what waa proper and
what was Improper. It I also stated
Uul the attitude of the public n gen
eral la gradually changing in regard
to llila matter of dress; that It la not
so necessary now for girls to be at
tired In stockings, cap and heavy
skirts, which lniede the progress of
the sstmmer and take away much of
the keen Joy experienced In ths; cloae
fttting one-piece bathing suits, more
like the men have been accustomed te
I It not possible that our sense f
propriety 1 often sorely perverted In
expect to these things? What la more
beautiful to look upon than the out
line of the human lorm. whether man
cr woman? Ood Almighty never cre
ated anything more beautiful, more
perfect than the human body. We bring
tne youth of our country up to loo
upon the body as something beastly
tle mtkedncn ot which I somethit.rr
terrible even to think about. To the
native of Africa the sight of the n"do
human body is r.o more unusual than
the alght here of a dog running loose,
without coat and trousers although
we do see occasionally our sori.iy
women with poodles more elaborately
attired than the urchin on the sire.-i.
PerliaMt when people begin to con
sider clothing worn only tor our bodily
comfort and not to hide our nakrJ
ness. there will be less immoral, ty,
less licentiousness and more of a ten
dency to view the natural condition of
mankind with respect. "Nothlnt is
good or bad, but thinking makes It so."
M. I. WRIGHT.
Aa Aeer la Flsaarr.
Husband I don't see why you have
accounts In so many different stores.
Wife Because, my dear. It makes lb
bills so much smaller.
EXAMINATION IN MOTIIKR GOUK,
llssrws Teat la Child Isrr a Ir-j
seated t Ukrar; AaaUtaata.
Following a drill for efficiency re
cently held for the assistants of the,
Ltil.'aco Public Library, one of them
submitted an examination paper aa a
test of culture lr the sphere of child
It was designed with humorous In
tent, and It occurs to us H might form
a means of entertainment for a Summer!
evening on the porch, affording the
gentle mental exercise suitable to the
Here are the questions:
t. For mhst person or rersons was the
wnol of the Lla a hep uatlne1t
s. l-crlle the mantjrn of the rrtne
armv as rf ArtM by i nr,e and giv
number of men tn IMe Krenrn arm
a. (live short Mocrlhli-al sketch of Hvl
niitn t,runrir and meuuon een Important
vents In his I. re.
A. killed Cock Robin.
a. I'tseusa the social significance of the
ttan!csl arrangement In Jult Cor.traiy
a lescribe tha co-operative srstern ot
domestic economy in Jack rpratt a house
hold. 7 Ierrlhe briefly the aatrat phenomena
which led to tt loemenl of useful
How mary court musicians were main
talned at the court of o,l King Cole?
t. Nsme snd describe aru on whlca
M'a V i'ft sat.
to. Who sto; the Queen of Heart's pas
For special subject write not less than
:vo word on one of the following
I. Compare Schopenhauer on tha -Vanity
of Existence" !;ri the old Woman who
l.vad tind-r the hill.
2- t,lv. a mathematical i:rvejr of the
To these "The Librarian." who con
ducts a library department in the Itos
ton Evening Transcript, add the fol
lowing: 1. What mmm the net result of the efforts
of the ru)l force tboth ir.fntry and cav
sltri to restore liumpty l'uinpty to Ms
former estate? Do ou see In this any I
ot s as to the failate of a militaristic sa
2. res-rtS the co-operative expedition of
Jack and Jill and ttte ensuing ralMirThr.
From the point of lew of emanrtpsfeU
ominlAo4. ought Jill to have precede
Jack don the hi:i?
Z Fvpiain. rv a dlasram. ths encounter
of tie Ulon and tite t nicorn. lo you see
In this any prophecy as to the out otr.e t
the aar tn F.uroie? los the fntcorn
typify ierman ?
4. In I. w of the reflections upon ths
condition of h!hmaa In OinucMiff. con
tained in the account f tlie iait of l'r
Kwater to that clt. ahu:d the rhyme !
fort-uldcn In the puSlic ifhwli aa detri
mental to commercial lniere!s and cm.
trsry to the loal spirit of Don't knock:
booet !" ?
The latter questions, however, are
less a test of knowledge than a provo
cation to controversy.
Kind friends, don't keep back the flow
era Till loved ones have passed away;
Then spread them over their casket.
For It hold but their mortal clay;
Rut give to each one as you meet them
A smile, good word or a song:
To brighten their path, whtre'r It may
Through life as they Journey along.
Take he hand of those In sorrow.
For you know not the cause of their
Hut be that whatever It may. firends.
It should be pleasure to offer relief.
Sometimes a kind word spoken.
Alone will supply the demand
Of the debt we owe to ena-h other.
In obedience to the master's plan.
Xow. though a little word spoken.
Means much to n sorrowing heart.
RrtngtnsT flowers, kind words and sun
chine; All have in themselves a part.
So. kind friends, wait not till tomor
row. X.-A V. n I , Km Inrt 1 t
To cheer those we love w hen in sorrow.
t.re they pssa tnruugn tne tjonen
L- B. DOWNEY -B A RTLETT.
Tn lllrda to Every Acre.
Farm snd Flre-ltle says: "Ijist ear's
National bird ceni-ua give about 1200
birds to the s'luare mile, or nearly two
to an acre. About one-tenth of all the
bird were Encltrh sparrows."
A woman stispleltins. reninrka the
Ieroy i Kan I. Reporter. nki her Just
aa mad as known facts.
How Independence Declaration
The Sunday Orcgonian
History's cold and prosaic facts do not coincide with the popular
conception of the incidents surrounding the sitriiinjr of the Declaration
of Independence and the part played by the Liberty Boll in proclaiming
the new frecxlom of the colonies to the people.
The poetry of pntriotic ideas has surrounded the act of John
Hancock, Thomas Jefferson and their contemporaries with the glamor
of romance and a touch of the dramatic. The true story of how the
historic document came into l-einjr, with fittinp: illustrations, will be
printed in The Sunday Oreronian.
LIBERTY BELL PICTURE Of unusual interest is the full pap
picture of the Liberty Bell printed on the front pajre of the Sunday
paper. Not only is this illustration timely because of the anniversnry
of American independence, but because the bell itself soon is to be
an honored visitor to Portland.
ANOTHER .FALLACY EXPLODED The idea that men of extreme
old ape are no lender capable of useful achievement i dispelled by
a timely narrative in The Sunday Orefroman which shows that some
of the world's greatest masters have done their best work long after
they passed the Osier limitation. The story will bo supplemented
by photographs of some of the men whose works are described in
HOW FIGHTING MEN CELEBRATE No one pet more enjoyment
out of the Fourth of July than the soldiers and sailors in Uncle Sam's
service. This story will tell what they do to observe the day and
how the day is divided between patriotic exercise and manly pport.
It will be well illustrated.
SUBMARINES TO BE SUPREME Simon Lake, the inventor of the
submarine, says that the undersea vessel will be supreme in future
warfare. lie has worked it all out and told it to a writer for The
Sunday Orejror.ian. He believes that America can solve the problem
of National defense by equipping itself with a powerful fleet of
submarines which cun patrol all its exposed coasts.
THE SPANISH PRISONER HOAX Another story in the series on
"The Lure of Easy Money" will be presented in the Sunday paper.
This one will deal with the Spanish prisoner hoax with which every
one is familiar, for who has not received a letter from a "rich noble
man imprisoned in a Spanish dunjreen" who requires only the
assistance of some daring American to pain his liberty and establish
both the prisoner and the American in the lap of luxury?
FURS TO BE WORN A Taris correspondent dclarcs that fur
trimming is to become the rape in woman's wear during the coming
Autumn. The styles have already been originated and are shown in
illustrations accompanying an article of interest to a'.l women.
TEMPLE'S PICTUREAGAIN The Artist Temple presents another
. scries of his wonderfully realistic "Sketches Krcm Life." Temple
is interesting, for he understand human nature well. Every one of
his pictures tells a heart-to-heart story.
PAGES FOR CHILDREN A whole pape will be devote to Donahcy's
stories and drawings for the entertainment of the little folks. Amplo
space also will be given stories and pictures for the little ones.
OTHER INTERESTING DETAILS The Sunday paper will carry the
usual departments devoted to sports, society, the drama, real estate,
automobiles and women's affairs.
Twenty-Five Yean Ago
From The Oreronian. July 3. 10.
The Marlon Trust A Investment
Company, of Marlon. Or., was Incor
porated at Salem yestenlsy. The In
corporators are: J. Cook, L A. Walker
and J. J. llunsjkcr.
M. I., ripe ht Jut been appointed
to the Circuit Juderhlp of the Second
Judicial District. He waa formerly
editor of the Benton Leader, of Cor-
The Agricultural College at Cor
!!:. I retrenching with a vrnsan-e.
according to the Albany IVnuvrjt E.
Orlm. of the experiment station: K. It.
I-Jke. l.ot..nlM : W. N. Ilu.l. free-hand
Irasini;; I". M. Irish and E. Kigdow.
chetnl.-t., failed cf re-r Ictt Ion. The
traciicr will be: B. K Arnold, r resi
dent and director: J. R. Eechter. math
ematics and civil enc inecnnc : V.
Rerchiold. languages: W. U. Hritow.
bookkeeping and apiary: I'rofessor
Covill. mechanical engineering: Profes
sor Washburn, bugs, etc: Professor
French, agriculture and n. snacer of
farm: Margaret Sn.il. household
Tt.e work of Inflating the brldsl
balloon from which the wedding will
take place on the afternoon of the
Fourth, was rtarted yesterday. The
bridal ship, which Is ore of the most
beautiful air machines ever -cn in
theae parts, has been named the Mount
Captain WlllUm McDonald, one of
the most prominent i.f tlie Sons of St.
t.eorge. h been presented with a
medal by the members cf ths soclet? .
The Bift was made In recognition of
Mr. McHonald'a activity In adding TI
members to the organization.
The third regular meeting of the
musicians was held yesterday and a
union was formed. The fellow irg of
ficers were elected: President. Herbert
M. Wood: vice-president. Uitrdon
Hertram: secretary. Uunird RrarVett;
treasurer. Al llrlitlng. srrgrant-at-arms.
Thomas Fi: xe. raid.
"Captain Swift." played by the Madi
son Square Company lust ulrhl at tha
Marquam liranj. was splendidly pre
sented. It was first produced two
ear ago In London with Ueerbohm
Tree In the title role. Maurice Harry
more played the rrle last nliht and
E. M. Holland played Car. liner. Henry
Woodruff was also In the tin.
Today the seat sale begins at the
M.irqum lirand for "The Cl!y Direc
tory" Company, which open Voon. In
the cat will be seen anion: others:
William CoKler. Hurt Haverle. May
trtain. Joseph Jackson and diaries
WHERE TO ' III It KIT i:rOltHir
Snisisirrs' I ssdsel list her Tka . s
paccl Salijret tor ftrratlay.
XKWroiiT, Or. July I -(To ti e Ed-
In The Oreronmn xrerdey
ther appeared a clever art'ele con
cerning the censorlnir of hathlrg suit.
The only fault I found with the story
wa mo absence of the lonely censored
sun in tho illustration. Rut as to
censoring baihinc suits:
Having resided ten years at a re
sort where lathing is the principal
attraction arl be!;.g a careful observ
er. I wondered If It were not better
to censor the conduct of tlie haThcrs
lather thn the clothe they wear.
Al Newport there are two kind of
bathing- suits. one-plecw swimming
suits, worn alike by men and women,
and more elaborate costumes for wom
en w ho pieler to parade on the beach.
The Ostend bathing suits are worn
here because they allow greater free
dom in swimming, and therefore wom
en and girls 1 ae adopted them. los
not immorality lie in t!.o mind rail.er
than in the clothes?
Put skirts and stock Ing on a wom
an and she Is al a great disadvantage
In the walrr. nor would men feel at
horn In bloomer. Cold . ater. sun
shine and excrciso do not suggest im
moral idea to the people bathing, re
gardless of the thoughtg cf the cen
sor passing in a boat,
Tl-.l I not a plea for aitat'e eu
genic or a return to ti e ds of l. -c-urcas.
a described by Plutarrli, but
when I read only one side of the story
I couldn't tefraln from answertnr back.