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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 2, 1915)
VOL.. LV NO, 17,037.
rORTLAXD, OREGON, FIIIDAY JULY 2, 1915.
PUICi: FIVE CENTS.
EUROPE UlAY FORGE
ACTION ii'J MEXICO
Anxious Inquiries Are
Made in Washington.
INTERVENTION DRAWS NEARER
ReofiRunatinn nf Vera Cruz.
March Inland, Possible.
EARLY PLAN IS FAILURE
Agreement of Several Clilefs Admit
terly Impossible Settlement Be
fore End of European Con
flict Is Imperative.
BT JOHN C ALLAN CLAl'GHUN.
WASHINGTON. July 1. (Special.)
President Wilson and his Admlnlstra
tlon are facing- the necessity of im
mediate action In Mexico.
The State Department has advised
the President of the terrible conditions
prevailing- in the Mexican capital and
of the difficulties placed In the way of
the transmission of information of the
situation of the diplomats and foreign
ers there. More important from the
viewpoint of the United States, Euro
pean governments asaln are inquiring
whether the President Intends to take
measures for the protection of Euro
pean life and property.
Situation Admits Delay.
Thus the Administration Is brought
once more to the brink of military in
tervention. It Is a step it frankly does
not want to take and it will avoid It
possible. It prefers to carry out the
programme laid down by the President
a month ago agreement by the leaders
of the factions now in Mexico or sup
port of a man or group of men who can
restore peace and order.
Unfortunately for the execution of
this programme, conditions in Mexico
City do not admit of delay. If life la
to be saved, if .starvation Is to be pre
. vented, suitable measures must be
taken at once.
Carraaxa Hard to Deal With.
The first step is in the natura of rep
resentations to Carra; demanding
that he shall not interfere with mes
sages sent by diplomats to their gov
ernments. The second step is repre
sentations to Carranza that he shall not
violate the principles of humanity by
stopping the entrance of food into the
city. The "Supreme Chief" is an ex
ceedingly awkward person to deal with.
If he believes he is being driven he
will do nothing. So he is receiving
relatively considerate treatment, but if
he continues obstinate the Administra
tion fears it will have to reoccupy Vera
Cruz once more and perhaps march on
There are two important reasons why
the Administration does not want to
intervene by force: First, the proba
bility that Intervention of this charac
ter would bring the warring factions
instantly together in opposition to the
American troops, and, second, because
It Is not considered politically wise
to confess failure of the two policies
the President has pursued in connec
tion with the Mexican problem.
Watchful Waiting" I. Abaadoaed.
There is no longer any reference In
official circles to "watchful waiting,"
but a great deal of emphasis ia placed
on the new plan of the chief execu
tive. The first feature of that plan
agreement between the several chiefs
is admittedly a failure. Carranza will
not make any arrangement with Villa
and Zapata. He believes he has the
military situation in hand and that If
he is let alone he will conquer and set
up an orderly government with peace
' throughout the country.
Despairing of an agreement with
Carranza. Villa is sending his Minister
for Foreign Relations, Senor Lom
bardo, to Washington to present his
aide of the matter to the Administra
tion. Ample time, however, in the view
of the Administration, has been given
to the chiefs to reconcile their differen
ces, and. that having failed, the Pr.i-
dent must fall back upon the other
leaiure or the plan support of a mat.
or body of men who gain control of
tne situation. The choice- has fallen
on Scnor Iturbide, who Is preparing
ew Plaa Dnrt With Danarerm.
It will take time for Iturbide, even
if his movement meets with success
to capture Mexico City. In the Interval,
can the United States stand by and see
the grisly tragedy under wav in Mw-
Ico City working to the destruction of
Innocent people. Including foreigners?
Moreover, there is apprehension In
fcome quarters that if the United Stat.
should back an independent movement.
mo leeung against Americans would
become so bitter that they would be in
greater danger than they are at the
Any way the Administration turns. It
sees before it the specter of military
Intervention. It feels that before ih.
European war ends there must be peace
in me neignDoring republic; otherwise,
with their tremendous armaments, the
foreign nations may decide to establish
peace and order without regard to the
objection of the United States. This
would surely Involve the American
people In a great war, and the Admin
istration Is impressed with the neces
sity of avoldlnr It.
GERMAN REPLY IN
HANDS OF KAISER
NOTE TO BE IIAXDED TO GER
ARD JILY S OK .
High Officials Defclre Friendly Set
tlement, but Public Opinion Op
poses Full Acquiescence.
BERLIN, via London. July 1. As the
result. of the conferences on the Ger
man reply, the American note Is now
In the hands of Emperor 'William. The
Emperor's decision Is expected so that
the note can be presented to James W.
Gerard. the American Ambassador,
probably July S or .
High - officials are endeavoring to
bring- about a friendly settlement of
the questions with America and there
is every reason to believe that they
strongly desire to make the proposals
as acceptable as possible.
These officials, however, have to
reckon with public opinion, which un
doubtedly will oppose anything savor
ing: of complete acquiscence In the
Friends of a settlement are meeting
considerable difficulty, and the note
probably will represent a compromise
not In accordance with their desires.
PASTOR IS ASKED TO STAY
Extended Leave of Absence Offered
Rev. Mr. Talbot to Regain Health.
The vestry of St. David's Episcopal
Church yesterday declined to accept
the resignation of Rev. Henry Ruaaeil
Talbot as rector, and instead sent him
a telegram asking nlm to reconsider
his resignation and offering him an
extended leave of absence to January
Rev. Mr. Talbot is in the East, where
he has been since the middle of Ma.
He has been in 111 health since last
The vestry met yesterday in the of
fice of Dr. S. E. Joseph", In the Corbett
building. The members expressed a
wish in their telegram that Rev. Mr.
Talbot would find his health suffi
ciently Improved at the end of the
year to resume bis charge.
EX-GOVERNOR HAY TO RUN
Recovery of Brother irom Serious
Illness Leads to Decision.
KANE, Wash, July 1. (Special.)
E. T. -lay, brother of ex-Governor
M. E. Hay, of Spokane, Is making an
almost. miraculous recovery from heart
disease, believed a few months ago
almost certain to cause his early death,
and the circumstance means that Mr.
Hay will be a candidate again for the
Mr. Hay can be expected to put him
self into the race during the Fall. The
chance that he would not be in politics
for the 191S campaign lay in the serious
ill-health of E. T. Hay, and Repub
licans over the state wbo take part
In preliminary campaigns finally ar
ranged with the former Governor for
an assurance as to his Intentions to
be :jiven out in September.
COTTON YIELD DECREASED
American Crop May Be More Than
3,000,0-00 Bales Below Last Year.
WASHINGTON. July 1. A prospect
ive cotton crop of 12,500,000 equivalent
500-pound bales this season Is unof
ficially announced by the Department
of Agriculture's June 2S condition and
acreage report, issued to-day. That
would be 3,600,000 bales less than last
year's crop, or a reduction of 23 per
In all 31,535,000 acres were I lan ted
this year, showing that the Govern
ment's repeated appeals 1 cotton
growers to reduce their acreage and
devote more land to other crops had
been heeded. Reduction from last
year's area amounted to 5,871,000 acres,
or 15.7 per cent.
COURT ADMITS CHINESE
Hnan Chinen Mei First of Race to
Practice at Federal Bar.
NEW YORK, July 1. (Special.)
Huan Chinen Mei. LL. B.. was ad
mitted to the Federal bar today. He
Is the first man of his race to obtain
the privilege of practicing In the Fed
eral courts here or In any court In
Although both of Mei's parents were
full-blooded Chinese, the young man Is
a citizen of this country, having been
born., in San Francisco. lie has voted
at several elections and is 27 years
old. The young man is now secretary
of the China Society of America, an
organization Including In its member
ship many prominent Americans and
Chinese who are striving to bridge the
mental gap between the two peoples.
CHINA WANTS TO TANGO
Women, Feet Now Unbound, Im
bued "With Occidental Desire.
NEW YORK. July 1. China may
import the maxlxe. the tango and the
fox-trot from America, as the result
of the visit here of the Chinese Indus
trial Commission. The Chinese are
willing to take dancing lessons from
America, according to G. Geo. an at
tache of the commission, who is still
in the city.
"There Is a fine opening for the In
stallation of dancing classes, dancing
restaurants and roof gardens in China.1
said Mr. Geo. "The revolution has
liberalized China. Chinese women
could now patronize the dance halls
as freely as their American sisters.
Their feet are bow unbound."
Vessel's Rights For
feited by Flight
WASHINGTON IS NOT ALARMED
British Admiralty Admits Of
ficial Nature of Voyage.
NEUTRALITY NOT VIOLATED
Desperate Attempt to Escape Held
to Overshadow All Other Issues
and Incident Loses Inter
WASHINGTON. July 1. Official In
formation regarding the sinking of the
British steamer Armenian, with the
loss of several American lives, was
lacking tonight, and until all details
are available. Secretary Lansing said
that the position of the American
Government could not be determined.
From news dispatches, however, and
a closer reading of official reports
yesterday, officials were inclined to
the view that inasmuch as the Ar
menian apparently refused to submit
to the warning command of the Ger
man submarine to halt and attempted
to escape, according to International
law, the sinking of the vessel was
Justified, even though non-combatants
were on board.
Wutlaitia ot stanetA,
There was little tension over the
incident In official quarters here af
ter it became known that the Armenian
had sought to evade capture. It was
admitted that if official reports bore
out the press dispatches there was no
likelihood that any new cause of com
plaint would be added to the Issues
pending between the United States and
One or two officials suggested that,
inasmuch as Germany had la effect
given warning that enemy ships would
be torpedoed without warning, a mer
chantman carrying contraband might be
justified in attempting to escape, since
to bait would mean certain destruc
tion, with no assurances of an oppor
tunity for the crew to escape.
SUtearst of Parae tmiii.
It was pointed out that the last
American note to Germany on the Lua'
tanla and Falaba cases said?
"Nothing but actual forcible resist
ance or continued efforts to escape oy
flight, when ordered to stop for pur
pose of visit, on the part of the mar
chantman has ever been b.-ld to for
feit the lives of her passengers and
These officials were inclined to argue
that the German submarines might not
order vessels to stop merely "for the
purpose of visit." Others, however,
declared that the rules of warfare do
not require the commander of a war-
Concluded on race 2. Column 2
I INDEX OF TOWS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum ternperatare. Si t
deceea: minimum, . decree.
TODAY'S Friday fair, net so warm; west.
Europe may force United stelae to act
speedily la Mexico. Case 1.
United Mates couslderlnc measures for re
lief cf Mexico City, face 0.
Richest section of Mexico la rulaa Pace
Germany's reply to A ntte-"- r O . in
Kaisers bands. Page,.'
Early riots In Milan w-.se than at first
pictured, fas a.
Pact ateamahlp Armenian attempted te es
cape deprives Incident of International
slsnlflcasce. Pass 1.
Woman phrllan eara demand for 1UIM
sleep" la development of feminist move
ment. Page X
Salem cherry la kins for dar at Fanama
Feclfic Exposition, pace Z.
raclfle Neath a at.
Annual cherry fair te open at Salens today.
Governor Wlthycombe not disposed to eatl
rxirm semsion of Lclsllurw la praeaol
situation, l as 7.
A'pha Kappa Theta convention at Geerhert
ends with Installation of officers. Pace a.
Oreson Railroad commission chance name
to urgoa Publlo oervlc Commission.
Ductal sells three piara for Isle delivery,
Par lfl.; Coast Lessta raeulla Portland 3.
Oakland 1: Venire . ban Francisco 4;
Loe Angelea 11, Kail Lake 4. Pas 12
Pltrher Mater, of Phillies, celebrate wed-
dine r beatlnc Braves. Pace 12.
Caauaerelal aad Marts.
Two ship wait In fog et bar to cross Into
liver. Pas 14.
Portland larseet craln market In North
west, pace IT.
Increased crop estimate check wheat ad
vane at t'nicaco. Pace 17.
Output of Iron and steel Is Increased. Pact
Portland aad Vicinity.
Manufacturers and land Product She to
b on elaborate scale. Pas IS.
New Plan and CJam Wardens tea late ef
face. Pas 11.
New bills en al film heueea. Pas 14.
schedule of lone list of Khrtnar temple to
vletl Portland are rcld. Pas 14.
Hoy W. Krul cbnsen aid te City Commis
sioner Baker. Pace 11.
Two clauses of Jitney ordinance mad ef
fectlv by Juds Uaatenoetn. Pas 1.
Portland swelters a Ilk temperature of N.1
Conference t Salem will consider land
crant decision. Pac 7.
Weather report, data snd forecast, psce 14.
COLONEL BLETHEN WEAKER
Condition of Seattle Kditor la He
garded Crave by Physician.
SEATTLE. July 1. Colonel Alden J.
Blethen. editor and publisher of the
Seattle Tin-tea. wbo Is 111 at his home
here, tailed rapidly during the day
light hours yesterday and up to 14
o'clock last night.
Ills physic lane asy that as compared
with last night, the patient Is slightly
stronger today, but as compared with
yesterday morning he Is much weaker,
lie has lost as much In the past 14
hours as he did during the whole past
FRENCH EIRTHRATE LOSING
Only 33 I la he s Horn In Last Week
Recorded by Government.
PARIS. July 1. There has been a
marked decline In the blrtb rate of
France since the war began. The rate
In 1914 averaged 1000 births dally, but
at the begin--. of IslS the figures
dropped to and there has been a
rapid decline since then.
In the week of June ( to June II.
which was the last week recorded,
there were only 314 births In the en
ITS A BUMPER CROP.
JULY SUN'S BLAZE
IS YEAR'S HOTTEST
iKoyiury 95.6 at Offi
102 IS MARK AT MEOFORQ
Temperature 135 on Street
Where Patrolman Stands.
COOLER TODAY FORECAST
Thousands Bless Benson fountains,
Mhlrii Are Liberally Patronised.
Humidity Increase Arier bun
set Sea Breeze MUsed.
The hottest dsy of the season cam
sweltering down on Portland In a sort
real-Summer way yesterday. The Gov
crnment thermometer In the office) of
the weather bureau here, which some
persons are mean enough to Imply Is
always a little cooler than any other
place In town when a heat wave cornea.
registered i decrees at 4 o'clock.
Tea. It was hot all right. But bow
would you like to have passed the day
In Phoenix, Aria, where It waa 10? or
in Med ford. Or., where It was 102T or In
Ftoaeburg and Pendleton. Or, and Coi
fs. Wish, where the mercury rose to
Mr Those cities were among the hot
test places In the whole-United Slates
Mark Mat Jwly Rererc.
And though admitting it was hot
enough in Portland, don't think that
yeaterday'a temperature waa the beat
the July sun has been able to do here
on July 32. 111. for example. It was
102 In the ahsde In this very ctty. with
the Government records to prove It.
On raanr other, occaalons it bas been
hotter than S. degrees.
At the weather bureau It waa sale
that aterday's heat probably v. a net
as oppressive as that of the dsy befo-.
June 3". when the maximum tempera".
ture ass tt.I. ss the humidity was
lower. Toward evening, howe- Hie
heat became noticeably more oppressive
than In the afternoon.
Ciralac aa Hat.
After 4 o'clock the temperature be
gan to decline. At i o'clock It ass 04
degrees and at o'clock 01 decreet.
At 7 o'clock there waa a drop to .
but the mercury hung arourd 1 at
point for several hours.
Usually there Is a cooling sea breese
from the northwest to temper the hot
days In Portland. Teatarday's sea
breese did not materialise. Tbe great
est velocity of what breeze there was
reached only seven miles an hour, and
It taated of sand. Therein It ran true
lo form, for It came down from the
east after passing over the hot sands
of the sagebrush country east of tbe
mountains. It was shifting last night
i Concluded on pace X t(lunan 4.1
Thursdays War Moves
TUB northward drive of the Austro
German armies from Gallcia Into
Poland la daily becoming more formid
able and England Is pusxled as to
whether they propose to msk their
main effort la this direction. Instead of
maintaining a concentrated offensive
to the eastward, to force the Kuaaiana
out of the southeast tip of Gallcia.
Whatever the ultimate object is. the
fighting along the Gnlia Ltpa River
baa not abated, and yesterday's Berlin
official communication not only records
progress In this sector, but further
north in the arc around Lemberg, as
well as along what bas now become
the northern front, between the Vistula
and Bug rivers.
The Austro-Geramn forcea on this
front are estimated at 2.000,000 men.
and their progress has been rapid.
They have crossed the forest fringing
the Tanew River and are not far from
the Zamose fortress. 2s miles north ot
the Oaltclaa frontier. Only 100 miles
to the north Is the great Russian base.
Brest-Lltovsk. linked with Warsaw by
Important railways and lying almost
due east of the Polish capital.
Tbe development of the Gsllclan
ram Dal cu has created a situation en
tirely uuexpe-rled by the allies. A few
months ago the Russian were at the
Carpathian pauses, and during the
Spring months there were confident
predictions. both in England and
France, that Hungary would soon be
overrun. The British press has been
optimistic for weeks that the Russians
would turn and make a stand, but It
now frankly concedes that the new
Invasion of Russia la serious.
The papers, however, place faith In
Russia's munitions campaign, much the
asm as the British public Is relying
on Da Id Uoyd George' plan to tulp
the British army In France so as ul
timately to match the Germans la ex
plosives and munitions, especially ma
The Arras sector msintains Its repu
tation as the storm-center of the west
ern front, but despite the fact that the
losses are piling up dally neither side
hss been able to deliver a decisive
A dispatch from Athena ears that the
allies have taken the Turkish strong
hold of Krtthla on the Galllpoll penin
sula, to the western edge ef which
General Ian Hamilton's report of
Wednesday carried his forces but there
la no confirmation. Gratification over
the British progress In Galllpoll Is
hardly mora pronounced than the real
isation of the tremendous task which
facee Cngland and France In tbetr at
tempt to clear tbe Turks from their
natural defenses barring the way to
Tbe first stroke acslnst British na
val craft In home waters for some time
was announced briefly by the Admiral
ty, which say a that It men have been
loat by the mining or torpedoing of
the destroyer Lightning, an old crefl
Laid down two decades ago.
Bulgaria, which both sides are us
ing every effort to bring Into the con
flict, baa notified Its reservists In Eng
land to be ready to Join the colors, but
IJulgarlan officials say that this is a
purely perfunctory procedure.
BEAR TO GET BREAD CARD
Showman F1neI for Plrldlnc His
Supply With Animal.
BEHL1N. June 10. The authorities of
Elberfeld are confronted with the most
puszling problem they have had
to solve since the bread card became
an Institution In Germany and all be
cause of a show bear that Is so fusty
about bis food that ha will eat noth
ing but bread.
The owner of the anlmsl recently was
haled before the lower court aid fined
and sentenced because he had share!
his weekly portion of bread with the
animal. With two months Incarcera
tion staring him In the face, he ap
pealed, alleging that the bear was
his only means of support. A kind
hearted Judge changed the sentence to
a fine of 100 marks and advised the
owner to apply to the president of the
government In which Elberfeld lies to
Issue Bruin a bread card. Just Ilka any
regular human being.
SPAIN STRICTLY NEUTRAL
Premier Saj a Nation's Only Te!re
I for Iefene.
MApnm. via Paris. July I. Discuss
ing war and Internal conditions la
Cpaln. Premier Dato said today there
waa no foundstlon for the allegation
that the Spanish government favored
the cause of the quadruple entente. He
declared Fpaln favors neither side and
Is acting a fairly as It can.
Asserting that the constitution would
not be suspended, the Premier said:
"Let us live united, having In view
only the defense of the country. That
la the principle we ahall maintain with
LAD DIVES T0HIS DEATH
Arthur Yoho Killed When Ifead Hits
Stone In Water at Salem.
SALLM. Or, July 1. (Special.)
While swimming In Mill Creek here to
night. Arthur Toho. IS. made a fatal
dive. Ills companions. Sam Plummer
and Edward Johnson, recovered the
body, and firemen with a city pu: mo
tor hastened to the scene. More thsa
sn hour wss devoted to a fruitless
effort to revive the boy.'
There was a large bruise on his fore
head, and Coroner Clough thinks he
struck a stone when le made the
plunge. He s survived by his parents
and several btothera and sisters.
JITNEY RULING IS
MODIFIED BY COURT
Two Provisions of Or
REST OF DECISION STANDS
City Granted Right to Examine
Drivers and Cars.
SOME POINTS NOT ARGUED
Judge Cantrnbeln K&plalns IZeason
for Hc-m raining Order and baja
He Will Al Supreme Tribu
ne 1 to Act on Case Swn,
pnnviina or rot rt oitnr.Pt
UO l.RMXi OPKrl TIO
Jitney drlvcra must take chauf
feur a examination at once, as
provided In city ordinance.
Jltneis must bs Inspected st
once by clly Inspector, es pro
vided In city ordinance,
reading Antes at ssreae resarf i
JHneja are not to be restrict
rJ as to the ouraber uf pasaen
Jitneya need not carry lights
Inald at night.
Jttne need ni remain oa
any particular route.
Jitney drivers In Portland will be
obliged to take examinations at once
as to their competency In handling au
tomobtlea and as to their knowledge
ef 11. e traffic regulations. In th man
ner prescribed In the recently enacted
Jitney regulating ord mane. They win
a' so be obliged to have their rnach'n'a
examined al once by the city Inspector
of Jitneys to determine whether they
sre in safe condition, as provljcd by
Thia la the outcome ot the hearing
before Judge Gantenbeln )cirrday la
tti Circuit Court of a motion on the
pert of she city to he tha order re
straining the city from enforcing its
Jitney ordinance modified In five re
epecta The decision grants the motion
on two points. Judge Gsntenbeln com
promising the conflicting contentions
be causa the case already ha been tak
en to the Supreme Court of Oregon.
Tlsae Allowed Operator.
It was understood between the City
Attorives and the Jitney peoile, after
lb hearing, thai the city would ma a
no arrests for non-complianc with
this modified court order until a suf
ficient opportunity had beeit afforded
all Jitney drivers to be examined and
have their machines Inspected- There
were a number of Jitney men In court,
who announced their Intention of ap
plying Immediately for tle examina
tion and inspections.
In handing down his decision. Judge
Gantenbeln explained his action ou
the hearing last Mortdsy. when he
found the ordinance valid, but re
strained the city from Its enforcement
Referring to tha i objections ad
vanced asainal the ordinance, ho said
he believed two of them had tome
merit. These were the regulation of
the number of psasengers to be car
ried In machines used as Jitneys, and
the requirement, for a weekly fumiga
tion ot Jlltsc.
Ortateal "r'taeUaga Km rial wed.
He maintained tbe correctna of hie
original finding in the following words
yeatrrdsy: "I did. however, what I think
is the duty ot every trial Judge to do.
I resolved tbe doubt in favor of the
constitutionality ot the act and decid
ed the ordinance was valid.
"I felt, however, in view of the feet
that the ordinance provided that Jit
neys were required to procure certain
signs and certain lamps. It would b
unjust to subject them to this expense
pending the acts of the Supreme Court.
1 believe the Supreme Court would un
doubtedly advance a case of this I m
portanc on the docket so that ther
w-ould be no occasion for any unneces
Judge Gantenbeln called attention to
the fact that the original restraining
order as Issued, wss subject to modifi
cation or dissolution. In view of this
he granted two of the city's requests
on the ground that It was In the In
terests of public ssfety. and Imposed
no disability upon the Jitneys. He said:
"I think that any Jitney driver who
desires to ba cautious and serve the
public conscientiously should be will
ing to be examined as to his fitness
to operate an automobile and should be
willing to have his car examined as to
Its condition, particularly with refer
ence to brakes and steering gear.
The three points presented in the
city's motion which were not granted
were: The restriction against over
crowding Jitneys; the requirement that
the Inside of a Jitney be lighted at
night, and the requirement that the
Jitneya be confined to their selected
aa Patata Nat A rawed.
Th city did not aak enforcement ot
the clauses ot the ordinance relative to
e-cent fares, barring of Jitneys from
portions of the congested district down
town, collection ot license fees, and the
weekly fumigation requirement.
The city did aak that a definite period
be placed to the operation of the re
straining order as an Incentive upon
the psrt ef the Jitney people to expedite
their appeal to the Supreme Court. t pon
representation by Attorney Lafferty tor
Cutucut ee Fas Coiuxna Jul