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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LiV. NO. 17,029.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 23, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
QUAKE KILLS 12;
Galexico Buildings Fall;
Many Are Injured,
HEBER REPORTED IN RUINS
Other Imperial Valley Towns
Damaged; San Diego and
Yuma Are Shaken.
MEXICALI IS CRUMBLED
Martial Law Is Declared bn
Border; Panic Reigns and
Many Are Homeless.
RESULT OF EARTHQUAKE.
Twelve killed, many injured at
Mexicali; buildings destroyed.
Calexico buildings destroyed;
others damaged by fire.
Heber destroyed by fire.
Shock felt from San Diego, on
coast, to Yuma, Ariz.
High School at Brawley
LOS ANGELES, June 22. Re
ports of three severe earthquake
shocks, which resulted in the death
and injury of at least 15 persons and
considerable property loss by fire in
several cities in the Imperial Valley
covering several hundred square miles,
were received here tonight.
Telephone and telegraphic communi
cation was interrupted, and. informa
tion from the stricken district is
Calexico Lives Lost.
The greatest damage was at Calex
ico, on the Mexican border line, where
the loss of life occurred. Early re
ports from there said that the town
had been destroyed by fire, but tele
phone employes at El Centro, who
talked over a wire to a lineman later,
reported that fires were confined to
three buildings, which the fire depart
ment succeeded in getting under con
trol. Many buildings in Calexico were
shaken down. The operators in the
telephone building fled after the first
The first shock occurred at 7:20
P. M. and was followed by two others
at 8:40 P. M. and 9:20 P. M. These
were felt in the district surrounding
El Centro and Calexico.
Two Shocks at San Diego.
Two shocks were reported from
Yuma at the same time. Two slight
shocks were felt, at San Bernardino,
several miles north of the Mexican
line, at 9 o'clock. San Diego also was
visited -by two slight shocks.
Heber, a railroad town five miles
west of El Centro, was reported en
tirely destroyed by fire. At Imperial
several buildings were cracked and
the wall of one fell in, but no injuries
resulted. The telephone operators
there also fled from their building.
A repair crew of the Pacific Tele
phone Company was sent at midnight
to El Centro. x
Martial Law Declared.
Martial law was declared last night
in Calexico, Cal., and in Mexicali, just
across the border, following a reign
of terror in both towns precipitated
by three severe earthouakes. wtiirh
caused thousands of dollars of damage
to property and resulted in the loss of
at least 12 lives and many injured.
United States cavalry troops are
patrolling the streets of Calexico to
prevent looting. Villa troops are
guarding Mexicali. One man caught
looting in Mexicali is reported to have
Information from the Mexican town
is meager, but the first of the ref
ugees to arrive at Calexico, across the
border, say that at least 12 persons
were killed and many injured.
Buildings in Ruins.
All brick buildings in Calexico are
deserted and most of them are badly
cracked or in ruins. Two houses were
destroyed by fire. One business build
ing was gutted.
Hundreds are sleeping tonight in
the open. The electric lights failed
after the first shock.
Scenes of indescribable confusion
prevailed when buildings tumbled into
The rumbling of the earthquake
(Concluded ou Fase 4. Column 3.).
SHIP, NOT CARGO
NORWEGIAN SAYS GERMANS OR
DERED CONTRABAND SUNK.
Steamer Venus Reaches Newcastle
Minus Several Casks of Butter
and Other Food.
NEWCASTLE. England, June 22.
The Norwegian mail steamer Venus ar
rived here today minus -he larger part
of her cargo, which was thrown over
board,, the captain asserted under a
threat of a German submarine com
mander that otherwise the Venus would
The captain says that the Venus was
hailed by the submarine and the alter
native was given her of jettisoning all
foodstuffs on board or being sent to
the bottom, and that to save his vessel
several hundred casks of butter and
many cases of salmon and other tinned
fish were consigned to the sea. The
remainder of the freight on the Venus,
consisting of wood, was permitted to
remain on board.
This is the first time that a German
submarine is reported to have per
mitted a, vessel to escape under such
BRITAIN JUSTIFIES ACTS
Policy of Secluding Germany Ex
plained to Washington.
LONDON. June 22. The foreign of
fice delivered today to Ambassador
Page for transmission to Washington
a memorandum explanatory of the ef
forts made by the British government
to mitigate the hardships suffered by
neutral traders on account of the or
ders in council and other war measures
affecting their interests.
The memorandum, although not a
reply to the American contraband
notes, gives a summary of the meas
ures adopted by Great Britain with
the purpose of enforcing, with as lit
tle friction as possible, her policy of
shutting off Germany from the rest of
the world. The foreign, office sets forth
methods whereby neutrals may trade
without coming Into conflict with these
The text of the note will not be pub
lished here until it is given out in
OLD DIVORCEE MUST PAY
Woman, C6 Years younger Than
Husband, Wins in High Court.
OLYMPIA. Wash.. June 22. (Spe
cial.) Affirming one of the noted di
vorce decisions of the late Judge John
E. Humphries, of Seattle, the Supreme
Court yesterday awarded Mrs. May E.
Williams property worth $25,000, an au
tomobile and 3000 for legal expenses.
The woman, 26 years the junior of her
husband, Paris A. Williams, testified
that though he was the owner of
property worth $100,000, he had given
her only one blue serge suit and one
dress during their married life of three
This is one of the last appeals from
decisions of Judge Humphries on ap
peal in the Supreme Court. Nearly all
cases handled by him were divorce
cases during the last year befor bis
death, as the judge had gained a repu
tation for dealing generously with
women seeking relief from marital
HISTORIC MILLRACE SOLD
Old Ditch at Eugene, Noted in Song
and Tradition, Brings $25,000.
EUGENE. Or., June 22. (Special.)
The Eugene millrace. historic in Uni
versity of Oregon lore and romance,
was sold today by the Chambers Power
Company to the Eugene Excelsior Com
pany anl the Eugene Woolen Mills for
more than 125.000. . The property, in
cluding the two-mile ditch and 40 acres
of land, was purchased 17 years ago by
F. L. Chambers for $3000. which price
included much land since sold.
The millrace is one or Eugene's old
eat institutions and around it have been
built sohgs, traditions and neighbor
hood feuds. It was built in 1852 by
Hilliard Shaw and William Smith.
LARGE CLASSES DRAWBACK
Washington Students' Lack ol
Knowledge of English Explained.
OLYMPIA, Wash., June 22. (Spe
cial.) Too many students per class and
too many classes per teacher, are. the
causes of graduates of Washington high
schools being deficient in knowledge of
English, a condition to which the State
Board of Education called attention in
a resolution adopted last week. Presi
dent E. A. Bryan, of Washington State
College, says in a letter to Mrs. Jose
phine Preston, State Superintendent of
Agitation that will give each teacher
fewer papers to mark is needed. Presi
dent Bryan said.
113,672 ACRES MAY GO
Chief forester Tells of Recommen
dation Made on Paulina Forest.
THE DALLES. Or.. June 22 (Spe
cial.) Representative N. J. Sinnott was
advised today by Chief Forester Graves
that the Secretary of Agriculture lias
recommended for elimination approxi
mately 113,672 acres from the Paulina
The General Land Office is now en
gaged in the preparation of the neces
sary proclamation to be submitted to
President Wilson. If the President ap
proves of the recommendation it is an
ticipated that the elimination will be
made effective by July L 1915.
WORK Ofj ALASKAN
RAILROAD IS BEGUN
Actual Operations Re
ported to Lane.
BASE ALREADY ESTABLISHED
Line to Be Attacked at Several
WAGON ROADS UNDER WAY
President's Order for Sale of Town
bites liecelvcd In Seward; Pro
vision Made for Those Who
Arrive Late in Season.
WASHINGTON. June 22. Actual
construction of the Government's Alas
kan railroad has been begun.
Lieutenant Mears, of the Alaskan'
Engineering Commission, reported to
Secretary Lane today he had estab
lished his base of operations at Ship
Creek, Cook's Inlet, and was landing
materials and supplies. Building of
wagon roads, one of the first requi
sites of the railroad construction, is
under way and the force on that work
will be increased to 2000 as soon as
facilities can be provided for bringing
material to employ that number.
"By using water transportation
along the Knik Arm," Lieutenant
Mears reports, "we are able to -ttack
the line at various points. We have
already an active construction camp
at Eagle River, 12 miles up the coast,
and another has been started at Pe
ters Creek, about " 10 miles farther
north. We intend to continue this
system of camps along the tidewater,
close to the line, as fast as the final
location is completed and the neces
sary construction arrangements made."
The first -operation of the engineers
was to build a dock at Ship Creek for
unloading supplies. Barges and lighters
and a floating dock for. the unloading
of ships also have been provided and
with those facilities the engineers on
their first Job unloaded a million feet
of lumber from a steamer in three
WILL BE SOLD
Formal Order of President Wilson
Kecelved at Seward.
SEWARD, Alaska, June 22. Instruc
tions, approved by President Wilson,
for the sale of townsites along the
route of the Government railroad be
tween Seward and Fairbanks, were
received today by the land office. The
sale will begin at Ship Creek on July
9. Lots will be auctioned off to the
highest bidder, without limiting the
number which may be sold to any one
buyer. Andrew Christensen, chief of
the Alaska field division of the gen
eral land office, will supervise the
The instructions stipulate that the
minimum price for single lots will be
t Concluded on Page '2, Column 0.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTEP.DAT'S Maximum temperature. 79.2
degrees; minimum, 53.2 degrees.
TODAY'S Increasing cloudiness probably
followed by showers; cooler; souxhwest
Lemberg unofficially reported tb have
fallen. Page 1. .
German submarine spares ship after destruc
tion ol cargo, page 1.
French observer describes night and day
combat by which "Labyrinth" was taken.
Buigara bargain on entering war. Page 2.
Admiral Howard advises against landing ol
marines at Ouaymas. fearing trouble for
Americans at other points. Page If.
"Brides in bath" murder trial on in London.
' Page S.
Rate increase case argued before Commerce
Commission. Page 'Z.
Thomas Taggert and 127 other men Indicted
for alleged election frauds at Indian
apolis. Page 3.
Mrs. Geddes testifies she was polygamous
wife of late Mormon millionaire, David
Eccles. Page 1.
earthquake does serious damage in Imperial
Valley in California. Page 1.
Railroad work begins In Alaska. Page 1.
Temperance talk applauded by Admen In
convention. Pago 3.
Cave, apparently bottomless, la found in
Nevada. Page 1.
Pacific Coast League results: San Francisco
6, Portland 4 (11 innings); Venice 8. Los
Angeles 1'; Salt Lake 0, Oakland X
Coach Bezdek amazed at breaking of foot
ball contract by Washington. Page ltt.
Jack Neville leads In medal play at Tacoma
golf tourney. Page 17.
Abie Gordon and Jimmy Howe fight six
round draw. Page 4.
Hotel proprietors decide not to do without
orchestras. Page 4.
Oregon delegation discusses bill to dispose of
laod grant involved In decision. Page 5.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 4.
St. Louis Browns beat Detroit in 13 innings.
Grand Army ana sons of Veterans in session
at Centralism. Page C.
Artillery reserves engage in night practice
at Fort Stevens. Page S.
Commercial and Marine.
Local frour prices will be reduced today;
Wheat rallies at Chicago on export buying.
Arrangements made for placing French war
loan. Pase 17.
Portland and Vicinity.
Rail ownership of giant liners commended at
Interstate Commerce Commission hear
ing. Page 13.
Four giant policemen will accompany Lib
erty Bell to West. Page 6.
Pageant of Peace is presented at woodmere
School by more than 200 children.
County officials and Shriners inspect scenic
wonders of new Fuirmount Boulevard.
Printing chief campaign expense, state
ments filed by all but four candidates
show. Page Is.
S. P. Lockwood. newly elected School Di
rector, takes oath. Page 12.
Thousands of children of aliens to drill
Americanization day. Pake 4.
Minneapolis woman fights for late step
father's wealth. Page 4.
Collection of back taxes on land grant pre
sents problem. Page .
Charities fund passes S2000- mark. Page 11.
WIND BLOWS GEMS AWAY
Two Hundred Diamonds Scattered
In Muskogee; Crowd Takes 3 0.
MUSKOGEE. Okla., June 22. A rain
and wind storm here late today blew
the front out of a jewelry store, send
ing 200 diamond rings rolling down a
Although the storm was at its
height, a large crowd collected and be
gan searching for the rings. The pro
prietor of the store and his clerks
managed to recover many of the rings
before the crowd arrived, but 30
stones, valued at 2500, are still miss
KANSAS CITY." June 22. With no
further rises of consequence expected
in either the Kansas or Missouri riv
ers here, it was conceded tonight that
all flood danger has passed. A flood
DEEPER AND DEEPER INTO THE VORTKX-
TO HAVE FALLEN
Safe Removal of Sup
EVACUATION CERTAIN DAYS AGO
Big' Loss cf Men Through Nar
row Exit Is Probable.
RUSSIANS WIN ON DNEISTER
Complete Success in District With
Capture of More Than 50 00 Aus
trians Is Officially Given
Out by Petrograd Office.
LONDON, June 22. Lemberg has
fallen, according to many unconfirmed
reports that have been received in Lon
Evacuation of the Galician capital by
the Russians has been regarded as cer
tain for the last few days by observers
both in Petrograd and Berlin. The
city was not protected by forts.
Russian dispatches say Grand Duke
Nickolas' army has removed Its artil
lery and supplies In good order, while
German official reports say the Rus
sians have been fighting only rear
guard actions recently to gain time to
complete the removal of the main army
to the Russian frontier.
Heavy Russian Loss Likely.
Austro - German troops have been
swarming on every side of the city,
with the exception of a comparatively
narrow strip, through which the Rus
sians likely had difficulty in extri
cating themselves without enormous
losses in killed or captured.
The same terrific fighting that has
characterized the eastern campaign for
several weeks past continues in the
vicinity of Lemberg and on the Dnies
ter, both sides having inflicted enor
mous losses, according to official re
ports. One dispatch from Petrograd says
the ' Austro-German troops on a
100-mile front, from the Tanew to Ml
kolaiow. number 2.000,000, with an
other 400,000 on the Dniester front.
From the Baltic to Bukowina the
Austro-German forces are estimated at
Mncli Territory Abandoned.
A communication from the Austrian
"Despite the Russian resistance the
general Austrian advance in Galicia
continues at the normal daily pace.
The Austro-German troops have swept
through the advanced Russian posi
tions before Lemberg and are now
within artillery- range of the city.
"The Russians along the whole line
are abandoning as much Galician ter
ritory each day before the energetic
offensive as their infantry can cover
in 24 hours' marching.
"The normal rate of this advance
has been checked only on the Lower
San River. The Russians here de-
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
CAVERN OF MIGHTY
DEPTH IS REVEALED
MIXER'S BLAST OPENS SEW
WOXDEIi IX XEVADA.
Man Lowered 200 Eeet Unable to
Determine Depth; Geologists
TONOPAH, Nev June 22. A subter
ranean cavern of undetermined depth
was revealed today by a miner's blast
at Volcano, a mining town IS miles
north of Tohopah. Geologists and min
ing men were notified and a superficial
investigation was made.
Lights showed sparkling stalactites
hanging from the sides of the chasm
as far as sight could reach and stones
droped through the opening could be
heard bounding from wall to wall until
the sounds grew faint and died away.
A miner, who was lowered with a
light 200 feet into the depths reported
that he could see neither the ends nor
the bottom of the cave.
LYNX KILLED BY AUTO
Car Crushes Prowler in Populated
District Xear Camas.
VANCOUVER. Wash., June 22. (Spe
cial.) J. M. Hoff. County Game War
den, and a companion while driving in
an auto in a closely settled district
near Camas today, struck and killed a
lynx as it was about to cross the road
in front of the machine.
Mr. Hoff and Harvey Alexander were
driving along the road at a good rate
of speed when the animal Jumped out
from the brush. Both men thought it
was a dog, but before the car could be
stopped it had hit the animal.
The lynx, which measures five feet
from tip to tip, is on exhibition at F.
M. Troeh's store.
SIR JOHN NAMES HEROINES
Eifty-Eig'it Women at Front Kecom
mended for Good Services.
LONDON June 22. The valuable and
heroic assistance which women are
rendering the British armies in fight
ing the Germans is recognized in a dis
patch from General French just pub
General French Includes among the
names of those "recommended for gal
lantry and distinguished service in the
field" 53 women connected with vari
ous branches of the military nursing
service and of the Red Cross.
Tuesdays War Moves
FRENCH, gains in the west and the
battle for Lemberg are the only
struggles that can be isolated as dis
tinctive during the present stage of
the warfare. Many unconfirmed re
ports have reached London that Lem
berg has already fallen to the Austro
Germans. and dispatches from Petro
grad indicate that the evacuation of
the Galician capital by the Russians
may be looked for at any time.
More than 2.000,000 Austrians and
Germans have been operating along
the fronts almost encircling Lemberg,
and with the Russian withdrawal -behind
the Grodek lines, the. evacuation
of Lemberg as a base was accom
plished. That the complete evacuation
of Lemberg. without much resistance,
is probable, is indicated by Petrograd
dispatches declaring that such a move
men cannot be avoided "without a sac
rifice of men out of proportion to the
strategic importance of the place."
The infantry attacks to the north of
Arras. France, have temporarily come
to an end, but there has been an artil
lery action of great violence in the
neighborhood of Souchez and Ecurle.
French artillerists have located and
opened fire with their heavy batteries
on the German long-range gun which
had thrown 29 large shells into the
town of Dunkirk in the past two
On the Gallipoli Peninsula heavy
fighting has been in progress. On June
19 a desperate engagement occurred
along a Turkish trench and later in the
British lines, in which 1000 Turkish
dead were left on the ground, accord
ing to the British official statement.
Prior to this the Turks had thrown 450
high explosive shells on the left and
center trenches of the allies, had re
pulsed a British brigade and had pene
trated the British lines. However, an
attack by British reinforcements turned
the tide of battle. v
From the ItaJian front, by way of
Berlin, came reports of serious re
verses suffered by the Italians in their
attempts to storm the Austrian posi
tions along the lsonzo River. The Aus
trians have powerfully fortified the
South Tyrol front and are said to be
prepared in every way for an Italian
attack along that line.
For the first time since the begin
ning of . the submarine warfare - the
commander of a German submarine has
permitted a steamer carrying footstuffs
to England to escape by jettisoning all
foodstuffs on board. The Norwegian
mail steamer Venus, which has arrived
at Newcastle, bad the option of putting
the greater part of her cargo overboard
or being sent to the bottom and the
captain chose the former course.
The "House of Commons yesterday
adopted a measure designed to check
supplies reaching Germany through
neutral states. The bill, when it be
comes a statute, may have a marked
effect on American exports.
The feature of the new war loan to
be issued by Great Britain, enabling the
general public- to invest as low as 5
shillings, bids fair to prove immensely
popular, several firms announcing that
they will buy these vouchers for all
their workmen as a neat egg toward
Son's Claim to Share
in Estate Asserted..
MOTHER IS WITNESS IN SUIT
Polygamous Marriage to Mor
mon Millionaire Described.
SECOND WIFE IS IN COURT
"Third Wife" Says She Only Testi
fied in Senatorial Hearing That
"Mr. EckoP Was Xot the
father of Her Boy.
OGDEN. Utah. June 22. Denial that
she had cleared David Eccles of polyg
amy when she testified in the Senator
Smoot investigation before the United
States Congress was made today by
Mrs. Margaret Geddes. of Salt Lake,
when she appeared as the first witness
in the suit of her son. variously known
as Albert Geddes and Albert Geddes
Eccles, for a part of the David Eccles
When she was asked to relate the
evidence that she gave in Washington,
D. C, regarding her relations with
David Eccles, she said that she was
first asked to name her children and
that this was followed by an inquiry
as to their parentage, she testifying
that all but one were the children of
W. S. Geddes. Mrs. Geddes testified
that she declined to answer the ques
tion as to who was the father of the
"Mr. Eckol" Not Father.
"Then they asked me if 'Mr. Eckol'
was the father and 1 said 'No,' " she
Mrs. Geddes said that when she re
turned to Salt Lake, Eccles congrat-.
ulated her on her testimony and for
clearing him and that she answered
him and said she did not clear him, but
testified that "Mr. Eckol" was not the
Albert Geddes, or Eccles, is asking
that the court declare him an heir of
the Eccles estate and entitled to one-thirty-third
part of the property,
valued at more than $6,000,000.
This claim is based on the allega
tion that David Eccles and Mrs. Geddes
were ma:.ied in 1898 in oden by the
late Apostle Marriner W. Merrill, Mrs.
Geddes asserting on the witness stand
today that this marriage ceremony
was performed and that she was ac
knowledged by Eccles as his third
wife and Albert Geddes, or Eccles, as
Mrs. Minnie Stoddard Eccles, of Lo
gan, i :.'ond wife, was in court to
day, but Mrs. Bertha Eccles is riw in
Marriage Only "for Life."
According to the evidence given by
Mrs. Geddes, she was married to David
Eccles "outside the church" but by one
of the 12 apostles, who had previously
performed the ceremonies by which
Eccles married his second wife, and
also by which Mrs. Geddes became the
second wife of W. S. Geddes. The
marriage, she said, was kept secret
because of the manifesto of the church
repudiating the practice of polygamy.
Marriages "outside the church" are not
recorded by the church.
"When a wedding is performed under
the rites of the Mormon temples, the
wife is sealed to the husband 'for life
and eternity.' Mrs. Geddes testified she
was sealed to Geddes 'for eternity' but
to Eccles 'for life only.'"
President Joseph F. Smith, of the
Mormon Church, and George Gibbs.
who has been .secretary of several of
the presidents, have been called as
witnesses for the plaintiff. They are
expected to testify regarding the
status of the various niarriage con
tracts amonjr Mormons.
OHIO GIRL HELD AS SPY
British Arrest Chambermaid Be
cause of German Descent.
URBANA, O., June 22. Anna Hoff
man, 37, daughter of Mrs. Kate Brun
note, of this city, is under arrest in
England as a German spy. it became
known today when her sister. Mrs. C. E.
McFarland, here, received a letter from
Miss Hoffman asking assistance in
bringing about her release.
The letter said she was being held
in Holloway prison, that she had been
employed in a hotel in London, and that
the authorities excuse their action on
the grounds she was known to be oi
German descent. An appeal has been
made to Acting Secretary of State
MIGHTY AIR FLEET URGED
H. G. Wells Would Send 2000
Planes Against Krupp Works.
LONDON, June 23. H. G. Wells in an
article in the Daily Express argues
that a method for ending the war would
be for the allies to build and send a
tremendous fleet of aeroplanes to the
rear of the German lines and destroy
all the German ammunition factories.
He contends that it would be cheaper
to launch 2000 aeroplanes against Essen
than to risk one battleship.