Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OltEGONIAN. 3IOXDAY, JUNE 21. 1915.
DIAGRAM SHOWING HOW RUSSIANS "WORK DOUBLE" IN TRENCHES.
Federal Banker's Use of Code
to Germany Arouses Un
Today and All Week
GRAND OPERA FOR
Stars of the
WIRELESS ROUTE IS USED
Citizenship of Head of Reserve
Board Is of Recent Date and
Family Ties Bind Him to
Financiers In Hamburg.
. - -
Ik W rk and West Parle, Scar Washington. V - J
if i 10:30 A. H. to 11 P. SI. XO Any Seat "
NEW YORK. Juno 20. (Special.)
Paul M. Warburg, member of the Fed
eral Reserve Board, is communicating
by wireless cipher with the firm in
Hamburg which is controlled and di
rected by members of his family.
Ono of these dispatches has come
Into the possession of your correspond
ent. It was sent June 6. at the time
President Wilson was preparing his
reply to the German answer to the
original American note, making ' de
mands for the suppression of subma
rine warfare on mercantile craft.
Effort to Decipher Fails.
Here Is the message:
"M. Warburg Company. Hamburg:
For Warburg man happiness pax other
wiss nix eric feenstra and frieda.
"PAUL. M. WARBURG."
Efforts have been made here to de
code the message, but without success.
It Is evident that Mr. Warburg and the
firm belonging to his family have
agreed on a dictionary or a book and
encipher and decipher it the following
simple fashion: Take the word "man,"
for example. The tenth word, or what
ever number may be agreed on from
man gives the word coded. The same
system followed with reference to other
words finally produces the message.
Filing: of Key Required.
It is assumed that before Bending the
message, Mr. Warburg supplied the
State Department with his code and a
copy of his communication. Otherwise
he would be guilty of violating the
regulations prescribed by the Govern
ment. It seems astonishing to men who
know that Mr. Warburg should be en
gaged in sending a cipher message to
Germany. It is possible that the mes
sage is purely personal, in this in
stance it is asked: "Why the necessity
for a cipher?"
It is natural that suspicion should be
aroused by Mr. Warburg's action. He
is a member of the Federal Reserve
Board, which controls the financial
system of the country. His office is
in the Treasury Department in Wash
ington. He is close to Secretary Mc
Adoo and other officials of the Admin
istration. In his position he naturally
is cognizant of everything that goes on.
Rumored Activities Denied.
It will be recalled that when the
President was endeavoring to induce
Congress to pass the ship purchase bill,
it was intimated in the Senate that
Mr. Warburg had,' used his influence
with the Administration to obtain the
legislation and thfis enable the sale by
the Germans of the German steamers
lying in New York harbor. Mr. War
burg and Treasury officials denied
that there was any truth in this sug
gestion. Mr. Warburg was naturalized only a
short time before he was appointed on
the Federal Reserve Board. He has
been in the United States not more
than seven years.
WASHIXGTCX IS WOXDERIXG
Secretive Nature of Communication
WASHINGTON, June 20. (Special.)
The report from New York that Paul
M. Warburg, a member of the Federal
Reserve Board, has been sending cipher
wireless messages to the banking
house of the M." Warburg Company,
Hamburg, caused comment among of
ficials here tonight when their atten
tion was called to it.
Mr. Warburg is a son of the head
of the Hamburg house and formerly
was connected with it
The question was raised what could
be the nature of the communication
Mr. Warburg desired to convey that he
should be so secretive about it. The
greater curiosity concerning it grew
out of the fact that Mr. Warburg holds
an important position in connection
with the control of the American finan
Mr. Warburg was not at his home
today. It was said there he was out
of the city, but his present address
could not be obtained.
"Don't know where he is." was th
answer in response to an inquiry.
Acting Secretary . of State Lansing
aid he had no knowledge concerning
Mr. Warburg's use of a cipher in send
ing messages to Hamburg. "That
would not come under the State De
partment," he said. "The Navy De
partment has charge of wireless."
Secretary Daniels, of the Navy De
partment, was not in the city tonight.
Others in the Department said they
knew nothing concerning the Warburg
cipher wireless message. Mr. Warburg
may have given his code to Secretary
Daniels or the naval officer supervis
ing the message from the station used
by Mr. Warburg may be in possession
of it, but this fact could not be ascer
ORCHARD CONDITIONS GOOD
Average Yield of Fruit Expected In
Counties Near Wenatchee.
WENATCHEE, Wash., June 20
(Special.) The orchards of Grant and
Douglas counties are in good con
ditlon, with the exception of the prev
alence . of rosette, according to Dis
trict Inspector Clawson, who made a
three days' trip through Moses Coulee,
Jamison Lake, Adrian, Epbrata, Trini
dad and Moses Lake.
Fire blight exists to some extent In
Moses Coulee. Notwithstanding the
rosette and fire blight an average crop
is expected. Mr, Clawson noticed few
Moses Coulee expects to ship approxi
mately 80 cars; Neppel between 20 and
25. Coulee City, Trinidad and! Grand Or
chards several cars each.
Cowlitz Fair Prize Is Silo.
KELSO, Wash., June 20. (Special.)
The board of directors of the Cowlita
County Fair Association, which will
hold its annual fair at Woodland. Sep
tember 23. 24 and 26. has chosen a Cow
litz silo, made by the Ostrander Rail
road & Timber Company, which oper
ates a plant at Ostrander, four miles
north of Kelso, for the major prize at
the fair. This silo will be given to the
dairyman whose herd of five dairy cat
tle is selected as the choicest exhibited.
There are no qualifications as to breed,
but the herd must contain at least
five head to qualify for the competition.
CLEVER ARRANGEMENT ENABLING ONE TO FIRE OVER
BATTERY IS SEEN
Music and Dancing Accom
pany Luncheon Under Fire.
COSSACK IS REVELATION
Noted Troops Not Like Type Seen
"VVlUi Buffalo Bill McCormiclc
Describes Hearty Welcome
Accorded to Americans.
(Canllnurd From First Page.)
ments in the trees a block away, broke
ranks and gathered along the edge of
the woods to look at the man with the
camera and the officer In the strange
yellow overcoat. Then I noticed how
well their uniforms blended with the
background. If they had taken cover,
not a man could have been seen.
Still on horseback, we continued to
the battery that was to shell the sap. I
have seen batteries well hidden in straw
stacks and in woods and dug into the
ground, but this one was like a bug in
a rug. Fifteen feet away not a gun
could be seen, except along the line to
the rear, upon which the sighting point
In this sylvan glade we set the mov
ing picture machine to make a scenario
of a Russian battery in action, but our
picture was short: the second shell
landed in the sap itself.
We In the peaceful glade had seen
what appeared to be a fire drill. Yet it
had brought death to men and widow
hood to women. '
Luncheon Is Set In Cave.
Now we were to visit the place where
the wine of death is spilled. A hard
gallop over a natural bridle path, a visit
to a battery of heavy artillery of the
type the French have recently copied,
a lighter and faster shooting type than
the German or English, another little
ride, and we are dismounting before a
platoon of infantry at the edge of a
An agile middle-aged Colonel steps
out of the woods like Robin Hood. and.
after introductions, we advance on foot.
The trench winds continually to pre
vent enfladlng Are and to limit the
effect of a fortunately placed shell.
Around one of the curves we find a
cave opening to the rear. In the cave
is a table and on the table all kinds
of good things to eat. Caviare, sar
dines, cheese, canned lobster, cake, more
cavalre, radishes, cold meat, and to
drink tea, much tea, weak tea, sweet
tea, only tea. Like other Europeans,
the Russians do not drink water. How
often have I longed to turn on the
faucet and get one real cold drink of
We' eat heartily to the smattering
fire of rifles and the occasional burst
of a nearby shell. Soon music comes
to wan on appetite; a soldier with an
accordion plays the lays of Rnaslun
peasantry. i'rom elsewhere - in the
ground appear two mustached soldiers,
face each other, and begin to dance.
The "lady" partner is bespangled with
a cross or nonor won in light house
keeping with a bayonet (on outpost
duty). "She" shows a nice proportion
of embarrassment and coquetry to her
partner, wno has this post of distinc
tion because he is one of the few men
of the company who have lived through
tne wnoie war to date.
I linger over the meal. It is my great
hour; to them only a break in the
monotony of trench warfare.
Luncheon over, we advance again. We
pass through a labyrinth of communi
cation and supporting trenches filled
with curious soldiers thronging to see
the strangers and so into the firing
trencn. - '
This is a splendid affair, with i
shrapnel-proof head cover and loop
holes about two feet apart. By means
of a step cut in the bank a second line
of men can fire above the roof. The
Germans are firing freely, but the
Russians, with admirable discipline, are
not returning a shot or "rubber neck
Through the loopholes little can be
seen, as it is not safe to look from one
for more than a moment. A periscope
is tnereiore .produced and I am en
abled to take a deliberate- look over
X see nothing. res, I see an occa
sional puff of vapor, where the snipers
are working, then by focusing a field
glass into the periscope I detect about
a block away the wire entanglements
of the Germamarmy and behind that a
line in the earth where lies the firing
Crack bluck! "
Sharpshooter Finds Periscope.
I have been too deliberate. ' A good
glass has detected the periscope and
sharpshooter has hoped to find a weak
spot where the officers head is.
"Fooled again," I think, with unreason
able spite, as I move on.
Shells are falling to our left. It is
as noisy as a battle scene tn a theater
and no danger of fire. No, nor panic
Our general, however, has not been
on the stage. He smiles quietly and
says "boom!" when a shell explodes
near, and "boom!" as a bullet whistles
by. The soldiers are stolid and keep
well away from the loopholes.
Again we zigzag through the ap
proaches, the drunken staggerings of
the wine of death.
To horse, and the. reserved battalion
roars a. hearty farewell. A hospitable
battery fires a salute and as an echo
resound the shells exploding in the
Ten miles of glorious sunset back to
dinner and a real surprise drinking
water not iced, but boiled and cooled.
The regimental band plays through
the meal and the officers stand as "My
Country, 'Tis of Thee" swells through
the darkening forest.
NEHALEM SALOONS QUIT
VALLEY BECOMES DRY BECAUSE
OP BUSINESS DEPRESSION.
Four Places, Two at Wheeler and Two
at Nehalem, Decide to Close Down.
' City Is Left Without Fnnda.
NEHALEM, Or., June 20. (Special.)
The Nehalem Valley promises to be
saloonless after July 1. General busi
ness conditions throughout the valley
have acted as a prohibitory law and
the thirsty folks will be forced to seek
other means of securing liquor. Since
Tillamook County voted wet at the
election of 1910, Nehalem has boasted
ti.o saloons. The incorporation of
Wheeler as a. city added two more.
About three months ago one of the
Wheeler saloons closed its doors at the
request of the creditors. The closing
of the big mill in that city brought
on a business depression that forced
one of the places to the wall. It also
had its effect in every section of the
valley, and the loggers soon found Job
in other sections of the state.
The semi-annual licenses for the two
remaining saloo". at Nehalem and the
one at Wheeler come due July 1. None
of the proprietors of these places has
applied for a license and all announce
they will not try it again. Business
has been losing for several months, and
because there is no likelihood of con
ditions improving they decided to quit.
Considerable street work was being
held back for the last Installment of
the license. The 500 Nehalem would
have received meant some needed im
provement. Wheeler could have used
its $275 to an advantage. Now the
street work will have to wait until the
next tax levy.
BIG FRAUDS REVEALED
METHODS OF OLEOMARGARINE LAW
VIOLATORS GIVEN OUT.
Twenty-Seven Million Dollars Is Re
ported to Be Amount Dae Govern
ment by Investigators.
WASHINGTON. June 20. How alleged
violators of the oleomargarine law have
defrauded the Federal Government out
of at least $27,000,000, due in stamp and
Special taxes, was revealed tonight by
Secretary McAdoo, in a statement based
on a preliminary report on a sweeping
investigation conducted by Commls
sioner Osburne, of the Internal Revenue
Frauds committed as long ago as 1902,
immediately after the enactment of the
law, have been uncovered by the Com
missioner. JKe began his inquiry some
months ago, but until tomgnt no ink
ling had been given of the wide scope
of the investigation or of its results.
Unpaid .taxes aggregating $851,000
have been recovered and deposited in
the treasury, "with the prospect of fur
ther very heavy collections." Forty-two
violators of the law have been con
victed since the first of January, and
29 of these have received prison sen
tences. Fines aggregating $148,000 have
been assessed in addition to the re
coveries actually made, and the an
nouncement declares that while fraudu
lent practices of this sort probably
have been checked, the Investigation
will be continued and every law
breaker brought to Justice." The an
nouncement shows that since 1902 more
than 200,000,000 pounds of colored oleo
margarine have been manufactured and
sold as uncolored oleomargarine.
GRASSHOPPER FIGHT IS ON
Farmers of Fossil Plan to . Kill
Insects With Poison.
FOSSIL. Or, June 20. (Special.)
A great army of grasshoppers is
threatening the crops of Wheeler and
Gilliam Counties and farmers here have
ordered a carload of bran to be mixed
with poison to sow on the land.
The mixture will be scattered under
the direction of County Agriculturist
Beaty. Other methods of killing the
pests also are being tried.
HEAD OF ANOTHER.
MUNITIONS ARE NEED
Fate of Russia Hangs on Abil
ity to Hold Enemy.
ALLIES MAY SEND HELP
Teutons Are at Doors of Lcmberg,
With Kaiser Personally Direct
ing Efforts to Crush Czar
and Then Attack West. '
LONDON, June 20. After seven
weeks' battering across Gallcia. during
which the Russians have been thrown
back more than 150 miles, the Austro-
Germans are today as close to Lemberg
as were the Germans to Paris after
their first dash across France last Fall.
Never since before the battle of the
Mam e have the Teutonic allies ap
peared so confident of success. Having
failed in their original plan of crush
ing France and then turning to Russia,
they have reversed the order of their
strategy and now, judging by the ex
penditure of life and ammunition in
Gallcia. they have pinned their whole
faith on so paralyzing the Russian
army as to permit the throwing of a
tremendous force of men and metal
into the western theater, there either
to break through the Franco-British
line or force an interminable period of
German Emperor Takes Command.
A dispatch from Copenhagen says
that the German Emperor himself has
taken supreme command of the Gali
cian campaign, establishing his head
quarters in Silesia, as near to the front
Meanwhile the German official com
munication records the further prog
ress of the Austro-German forces
toward Lemberg, both to the north and
south of the city. It says the Rus
sians have been cleared from parts of
the Dneister to the south.
The great question Great Britain and
her allies are asking is whether Grand
Duke Nicholas, commanding the Rus
sian forces, ctn successfully emulate
Joffre's tactics of last Fall and check
the Austro-Germans at the gates of
Lemberg. Optimists point out that the
Grand Duke checKted them almost at
the gates of Warsaw, just as General
Joffre stopped the Germans before
Paris and Field Marshal Sir John
French stopped them before Tpres,
Dunkirk and Calais.
Munition Shortage Believed Acute.
It is argued further that even should
Lemberg fall, the Russians can drop
back to equally formidable positions,
utilizing the rivers and swamps and
other advantages of the terrain, and it
is the British contention that they
could thus hold out for months, Eng
land and France in the meantime send
ing to their aid men and munitions if
necessary. Whether Russia has suffi
cient ammunition to meet the present
strain is a question which cannot be
answered in England, although the
London papers say frankly that the
shortage is acute.
One of the London Sunday papers
characterizes the situation in Gallcia
as "Russia's supreme emergency," and
public interest is centered in that the
ater, notwithstanding the hard fight in
progress along the western front.
The sound of guns is audiDie at Lem
berg, and, it is believed, possibly this
week will see the culmination or one
of the most interesting phases of the
EIGHT DROWN IN SURF
(Cantlnued From First Page.)
not deter thousands from entering the
turmoil of breakers this morning. From
one end of the beach to the other men
women and children were knocked over
by the big seas and dragged out by
fighting beach guards.
Shortly before 10 o ciock a neet or
six fishing skiffs, returning from fishing
grounds off shore, were upset simuita
neously in the breakers at Mississippi
avenue. Green was drowned when
score of fishermen were hurled Into the
Word then was passed up and down
the beach front to guards to warn all
bathers to hug the beach, for the tide
New England Mutual Life Insurance Co.
The conservatism of New England
The progressiveness of the West.
The experience of three decades.
All al your command I
General Agent. Northwestesm Bank Bldg.
The Most Stupendous
aoows or a ureat
was rising and growing more danger
ous. Ninety minutes later, while hundreds
were poyously leaping about in the
great combers along the Chelsea front
with thousands watching from tne
walk-railing and hotel porches, a shrill
cry went up. Two minutes later not
less than 200 people, many women and
children among them, were shrieking
for help. The rising tide had filled an
offset, or "slue" and as the bathers.
panic-stricken, turned shoreward, they
plunged into it over their heads.
Pandemonium ensued. 'Horror
gripped the hearts of the watchers, for
there were but two guards at hand.
Oscar Channel and. Walter Margerum.
stationed at Morris avenue. While
these brave chaps raced seaward, life
buoys In their arms to reach tne
bathers furthest out, others formed
human lines to reach others.
Wave Breaks Human Line.
One man, believed to have been Mc
Kay, was within a few feet of help
when the human line crumbled under
he battering of the seas and other
bathers dragged its 1 members to the
Men. women and children were
dragged out unconscious and stretched
on the beach. Eighteen there were of
them at one time, going back to light
for the others as they were revived.
Hotel guests are already talking or
organized efforts to obtain suitable
recognition for the two orave guaras,
Channel and Margerum, from the Car
negie Hero Fund. With their lifeboat
they saved a score of persons.
BIG GERMAN GUN FOUND
ALLIES AIRMAN DIES AFTER RE
VEALING GREAT SECRET.
Brave Scout Mortally Wounded Waile
Discovering; Great Cannon That
Was Menace to Dunkirk.
DUNKIRK. June " 10. The airman
who located tho 15-inch German gun
t-hat hnmbarded Dunkirk, succeeded
by only the narrowest margin in bring
ing Information in. Several pilots ana
observers, French and. English, volun
. .vtia itrir.A. The honor fell
to a biplane with a pilot uesignated by
nermission of tne censor as Jaonsieut
M with Monsieur H as observer.
Four other machines with tneir crews
..aiv to follow in case the first
should not come back.
TVin second volunteer was aoout to
take the air when a speck appeared in
the distance, rapi .iy growing larger
but wabbling like a wounoeo niro
struggling to maintain its equilibrium.
Suddenly it slipped aown rapm.y ouiua
hundreds of yar s. The waiting pilots
watched w..n blanched faces until the
machine righted itself; it was Btill de
scending rapioiy ano me
were still 1000 yards away.
"It's all up with her." said one pilot,
"she'll land inside their lines." The bi
plane then made a sudden lurch up
ward a hundred yards, then came down
again more precipitately than before.
It was this last desperate attempt that
lifted her over the lines; she landed
Just behind the al les' trenches. une
Germans opened a hot fire, but a sharp
attacac by the French drove them out
th.ir first linn of trenches and the
Vi - - . . , -
binlane was hauled pacK into saiety
with its crreat E -ret. '
TTlvine- at a heignt or zzu yaras. tne
v, i i n . Viarl pnnp about 1 2 miles b
hind the German lines. There the ob
server saw some new eartnworKs and
a t t li Rftmft moment a ctorm of shrap-
Eelw irst around the machine; a shell
on rriM awav tart of the tail and tore
a larze hole in the lower plane, ine
observer, however, had time to locate
a deep ditch roofed over with concrete
from which peeped the gaping mouth
of the big gun tht ' was sending half-
Della Intn T)llTlk1rk-
The aviator was bleeding profusely
from a wound in the stomach when he
lanrird. but he had the enerey to make
a clear, comprehensive report. He said
"I am satisfied," and then died.
A few hours later the French artil
lery had located the German gun and
were reducing its concrete armor.
Royal Annes to Be Canned.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash.. June 20.
(Special.) If experiments to be-mad
Extra Added Attraction
Popular Hit Ever Made Thousands Turned Away
5-Part Metro, and All for
On at 3:15 P. M., 8 P. M.f 9:45 P. M.
Reserved by Phone Mar. 5533, A 5533
this Summer In the canning of Royal
Anne cherries are successful, the
Puyallup cannery will be In the field
for practically the entire crop next
season, according to W. H. Paulhamus,
of Puyallup, who was here yesterday
to confer with growers and shippers
over the marketing of the peach crop
of the valley. Experiments also will
be made in putting up Blng cherries as
a seeded fruit.
Trinidad Apricots Shipped.
TRINIDAD. Wash., June 20. (Spe
Magnificent and Best Ever
The General Verdict of Those So Fortunate as to
in Princess Romanoff
The First Wm. Fox Attraction
Today, Tuesday and Wednesday
Another Paramount Masterpiece
With the Author-Actor
As & i
Look Down on the World
from the eagle's home, and see below you peaks a-dazzle
and cool green valleys, in
The Canadian Rockies
Mountain climbing, with real Swiss guides, is one of many
recreations offered at the Canadian Pacific hotels at
Glacier, Field Lake Louise, Banff. Take the delightful
circle tour through these mountains, via Kootenay Lake.
Reached only by the
Canadian Pacific Railway
The tour may include a 16S
or write for Booklet No. 1131.
. a. L
lake the 1UUU Mile Alaaka tsoal I rrp. oena ior uooiia 10. y.
J. V. MURPHT.O. A. P. D, Canadian Pacific Railway tSsittS
33 . turn SU, rorUand, Oregon
cial.) The first apricots of the season
are being shipped from the Gilbert and
Wheeler orchards. There. is not a full
crop, but the fruit is of s-iperlor qual
ity. Trinidad will have a picnic July
3 on Crescent Bar. The programme
will consist of foot races, horse races,
swimming contests and other sports. In
the afternoon Qulncy and Trinidad will
play a game of ball. The evening will
include fireworks and dancing.
A eublo foot of newly fallen Bnovr weiKha
five and one-half pounds and has 12 timea
the bulk of an equal weight of rain water.
mile boat trip on Puget Sound.
n - . t XT 1JAK