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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. jLV. XO. 17,026.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BRITAIN FINDS IDOL
HAS FEET OF CLAY
Policy Causes Crisis.
NATION AWAKENED SUDDENLY
Many Soldiers Sacrificed to
Lack of High Explosives.
FRANCE SHOWS RIGHT WAY
Y.&Har Who Precipitated Storm Is
Widely Denounced, but Under
lying Belief In Troth of
Story Brings Change.
BT WILJ.. IRWIN'.
Cop-rl-ht. 1S15, by th Tork Trib
une. Published by arrangement.)
LONDON, May 26. Kvents 'which
would have been of world-shaking Im
portance a year ago follow ach other
so fast in this
strange, mad, tor
tured Kurope that
the enormously im
portant has be
come the common
place. This morn
ing the newspa
pers announce the
personnel of the
new coalition Cab
inet. During- the
last week, in short,
Britain has had
such a political
shaking up as she
has not known for a century. Yet In
the same week the Germans have
crossed the Sari and the Kingdom of
Italy has renounced her old alliances
to enter the war on the side of France
and Great Britain.
One begins to look on the extraor
dinary as the commonplace.
Crisis Misunderstood in America.
I take it that the Cabinet crisis
here a crisis most vitally important In
the history of thia war has been pret
ty thoroughly misunderstood In the
United States. At least I judge so from
the fragments of editorial comment
telegraphed back from the American
press. The United States is not to
blame. The causes of this ministerial
shake-up have been working under
ground for six or seven months, but
even many of the best-informed Eng
lishmen have been oblivious of this fact.
When the storm broke the newspa
pers here, what with their Jealousies
of that journalist who precipitated it,
muddled rather than cleared up .the
lvftckener Fails In Important Function.
Now the British are gradually ad
Justing their point of view and are be
ginning a little to understand. The
gist of the whole matter is this: Kitch
ener. Lord Kitchener, of Khartoum,
popular god, has failed to make good
in an important function of his office.
He has been politely decorated and
wafted upstairs, after the immemorial
British fashion. Only in this case the
thing has not been accomplished with
out some personal bitterness. The Briton
likes to revere his idols, even when
they prove to have feet of clay. When
they are no longer to be revered he
prefers not to smash them, but to re
move them from the high altars to
highly decorated side shrines.
The consequence of this rumpus has
been that British rage, in the first flush
of the excitement, has burned most
brightly, not against the idol, but
against that irreverent journalist who
threw the brick.
Worlc Inrainahle for Volunteers.
It was generally understood, after
his South African experiences, that
Kitchener lacked somewhat of the
highest as a leader on the field. But
he had organized the South African
army after the first muddle of the Boer
war and done It well. No man In Eu
rope had a higher reputation as an or
ganizer of troops.
lie possessed, also, another special
qualification. Alone among the war
ring nations. Great Britain was trying
to conduct this war with a volunteer
army. In raising a volunteer army
such a reputation as Kitchener's was
The first, primitive beginning of his
task he performed well. His name,
and the advertising use made of his
name by a shrewd assistant, did gather
in the recruits. From the first thai
shrewd assistant used Kitchener's
name for all it was worth. It was not
"the King's new army" that they were
Talsing, but the "Kitchener army." The
name of the popular idol shone forth
from newspaper advertisements, from
hoardings, from country walls.
Recruits Respond More and More.
The recruits responded. They re
sponded slowly at first waning up the
Britisher is no easy task. But with
each disaster, with each manifestation
of the German power, they responded
more and more. It is utterly impossi
ble to say exactly how far he suc
ceeded. The censorship has drawn a
tight veil over the numbers of the new
army. But from information and belief
I may say that the British, in propor
tion to their population, have respond
ed as nobly as did the North in that
period of the Civil War before the
draft came Into effect. With an inert
people like the British that is a tre
mendous piece of work.
However, the conditions of warfare
had changed utterly. The Germans
proved that before September. Once
(.Concluded on Pace 3, Column 3.)
'I-f - li
SANITARY SLAP TO
DOCTORS AGREE LOVE SUOCLD
BE MADE ASEPTIC.
Sweethearts No Longer to Meet Hp
to I.ip in Fond Embrace if
Medical Advice Is Heeded.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 18. (Spe
cial.) A gentle tap with the hand on
the cheek is to De the greeting of
sweethearts intead of the time
honored kiss if the recommendation of
the delegates to the. Pan-American
Medical Congress, now in session here.
is followed. If the medical men have
their way the ban will be placed on
osculation and the hand and the cheek
will take the place of the lips. This,
it is declared, will make the display
of Wffection thoroughly aseptic.
It remained for a delegate from
Santo Domingo to urge the radical re
form Dr. E. F. Otis, who is a tubercu
lar authority of the little republic He
explained to the congress today how
much better it would be for the love
lorn youth to greet his sweetheart
with a gentle slap on the Cheek with
his open palm than to enfold her in his
arms while he pressed his lips to hers.
"All forms of kissing have proved
insanitary," said Dr. Otis.
The doctors approved and agreed to
set a good example by adopting the
hand slap kiss in their own profession.
HOSPITABLE DOOR CLOSES
Miller & Jjux Ranches In California
End Ancient Custom.
IX)S BANOS. CaL. June IS. Food and
shelter and a place in the evening story
telling group for every stranger, a relic
of ancient Spanish hospitality, has van
ished from its last big stronghold in
California, the great Miller & Lux
Signs posted on the firm's ranch
houses here set forth today that the
custom was at an end, after having
been perpetuated more than a genera
tion by this concern, and Indicated that
civilisation had replaced primitive hos
pitality. Forty sets of harness recently were
cut to bits at this ranch, and the act
was attributed to discharged employes,
who, after the custom of the place,
were at liberty to remain.
Adobe shacks in Arizona and New
Mexico, where impoverished Mexicans
still insist on sharing their beana and
corn cakes. If they have any, now are
sole custodians of the unquestioning
welcome In the Southwest.
WOMEN HEARTIEST EATERS
Famous Chef Says High Prices In
crease Appetite, Decrease Man's.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 18. (Spe
cial.) Alfred Steimer, famous as a chef
in the cafes of San Francisco, made the
statement before the National Conven
tion of Cooks today, in session here,
that women eat more than men.
"No matter how small a woman Is,"
he said, "she can eat three times as
much as a man when she gets into
action in a bon ton cafe. If it were
not for the gentler sex. the big res
taurants of the country would go
broke, for men do not eat big meals as
a rule when they are paying big prices
"Women's appetites are increased by
lights, music and high prices, while a
man's hunger Is proportionately de
creased under these circumstances."
ATTACK GRIEVES KAISER
Emperor Afflicted by Suffering of
Civilians at Karlsruhe.
AMSTERDAM. Via London, June 18.
A message received here today from
Frankfort says the Grand Duke of Ba
den, now at the front, has sent the fol
lowing telegram concerning the recent
raid on Karlsruhe by French aero
planes to the Burgomaster of that city:
"Emperor William-has telegraphed to
me his deep indignation at the wicked
attack on beloved Karlsruhe. The poor.
Innocent victims among civilians have
greatly afflicted him."
RUEF AGAIN ASKS PAROLE
Application Renewed With Half of
Bribery Sentence Served. '
SAN FRANCISCO, June IS. Abra
ham Ruef has made formal application
to the Board of State Prison Directors
for a parole from San Quentln Prisor
and his petition will be acted upon at
a meeting of the Board August 13, It
was announced today. This is the
inira lime ne nas attempted to obtain
Before August 13 Ruef will have
served one-half of his term of 14 years
for bribery. The prison directors re
fused to grant him a hearing of his
petition last year on the ground he had
not served one-half of his term, the
time they require a prisoner to serve
before being eligible for a parole.
WAR RAISES PHOTO COSTS
American Engravers Consider In
creasing Their Prices.
CHICAGO, June 18. Nearly all ma
terials which are used in photo engrav
ing are being requisitioned by the
European armies. The result, accord
ing to those attending the 19th annual
convention of the International Associ
ation of Manufacturing Photo En
gravers, is that advances of 100 per
cent have already occurred, and profits,
they say, are disappearing.
The association will discuss advanc
ing its own prices.'
First Conference Is of
COLONIAL MINISTER FRIENDLY
Influence Will Be Exerted in
Favor of Understanding.
NEW ENEMY NOT WANTED
Xewfepaper War Between Advocates
or Friendly Settlement and "'o
Compromise" Continues to
Rage With Violence.
BERLIN, via London, Juno 18. The
effect of the arrival of Dr. Anton Meyer
Gerhard, who has come from the Ger
man Embassy at Washington with mes
sages bearing on the German-American
situation, on the preparatory work of
Germany's answer to the American
note, is not thus far perceptible.
Count von Bernstorff's emissary be
gan today the first of a series of Im
portant conferences with officials of
the Foreign Office. He spent most of
yesterday with the Secretary of State
for the Colonies. Dr. W. S. Solf, at the
latter's country place, following brier
conversations with Gottlieb von Jagow,
the Foreign Minister, and Under Secre
Colonial Secretary influential.
That Dr. Meyer-Gerhard's first ex
tended report on conditions in the
United States should have been made
to Dr. Solf is regarded as natural, in
view of the official position of the
Colonial Secretary, and there are indi
cations that Dr. Solf is taking an inter
est in the question of German-American
relations and plays a role - in the
deliberations on Germany's second an
swer regarding the Lusitania disaster.
Of the men in higher government po
sitions. Dr. Solf is one of those most
familiar with life and conditions in the
United States. He has, in fact, a good
deal of the American In his manner of
talk and action. His influence on Ger
many's policy, concerning which it is
evident, that there are conflicting cur
rents, may be expected to be favorable
to an ultimate understanding.
Kurt her Discussion Probably Desired.
It Is still too early to predict what
form the German note will take. Appar
ently an endeavor will be made to open
the way to further discussions.
The newspaper war between advo
cates of a friendly settlement and the
"no compromise" representatives con
tinues to rage. Naval writers, in par
ticular urge that Germany cannot af
ford to yield anything regarding the
principles and practice of submarine
warfare, but the violence of their at
tacks on the advocates of an under
standing indicates that the latter are
not without influence.
The Cologne Gazette points out edi
torially that the German press in gen-
1 Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 63.6
degree; minimum, 3.9 degrees.
TODAY'S Saturday probably fair, westerly
Dr. Meyer-Gerhard begins conferences with
officials in Berlin. Page 1. -
Germany's delay in declaring war on Italy
causes wonder. Page 2.
Bulgaria auks allies for more specific in
formation. Page 2.
Will Irwin says British cabinet crisis was
precipitated bx discovery of Kitchener's
Kimri co m i n gs . in imponani particular.
Convention president of Mexico writes Wil
son that interference will be . resented.
American' owners in Alaska Northern Rail
road safeguarded without delaying; work.
Coast Ieacrue results Portland 10, Oakland
5; Venice 5, Salt JUako 2; Los Angeles 6.
l?an Francisco 4. Page 13.
Mrs. Peter Kerr wins women's state gob?
title. Page 14.
Jerome D. Travers wins open golf champion
ship. Page 14.
Storm of ' protest greets " proposal to elim
inate athletics at Kugene. Page 14.
Commercial sod Marine.
Efforts to cover wheat vales causes ad
vancing local market. Page 15.
Wheat ' higher at Chicago on black rust
reports. Page 15.
Stock trading professional with prices
Irregular, page lo.
Four carriers omplete loading and take to
Portland and Vicinity.
Bpeed and physical requirements thin ranks
of police applicants. Page Ci.
LJeellyn Fchool pupils celebrate closing and
dedicate grounds. Page 0.
Shrlners busily preparing- for visit of hun
dreds of delegates. Page 10.
Great patriotic demonstration to mark Na
tional birthday. Page 1G.
School election today to choose one mem
ber of board. Page 0.
Fund of Associated Charities reaches $1571.
BEER DENIED, MEN -QUIT
Carpenters on Speedway Walk Out
When Militiaman Interferes.
CHICAGO. June 18. Attempt by a
State Militiaman doing guard duty at
the new motor speedway here to en
force the rules against drinking in
toxicants on the grounds resulted to
day in a walkout of carpenters work
ing on the grandstand. Four hundred
carpenters and 1200 laborers quit.
The guard found several workmen
drinking beer and because they would
not give it up as requested by the
seedway association rules he tried to
take a bottle away. One man resisted
and was wounded by the soldier's bayo
net. There was no disorder, but the work
men held an open-air meeting and de
cided to leave. . .
INSANE 'ROOT' AS ALL FANS
Asylum Inmates Take to Baseball
"Like a Duck to Water.'.'
SAN BERNARDINO, Cal., June 18.
Taking to the fine points of the pas
time like a cuck to water, 300 inmates
of the Patton insane Asylum "rooted"
like real fans for both sides in the
first baseball game played here today,
in which the "Cuba" defeated the
"Giants" by a score of 11 to 6. The
teams were made up from Inmates of
Dr. J. Riley, superintendent of the
hospital, announced after the game
that a series' of games would be played.
A game has been arranged for next
week between the physicians of the
County Hospital and the patients to
afford the doctors an opportunity to
study the effect of the game on the
Chazaro Says Dignity
Will Be Defended.
NOTE DELIVERED TO WILSON
Nothing More Than Advice De
sired From United States.
ZAPATA LEADERS AGREE
Willingness Expressed, However, to
Initiate Kcforms and to Make
Endeavor to Bring About
Union of Contenders.
WASHINGTON, June 18 The United
States Government was concerned to
day in a -note from Francisco Lagos
Chazaro, president of the Villa-Zapata
conventlonist government at Mexico
City, saying that if President "Wilson's
recent statement, warning the Mexican
factions to compose their differences
should signify "pressure or threat," the
conventlonist government, "still har
boring the conscience of its sacrifices,
will maintain the dignity of the Mexi
The communication, transmitted by
the Brazilian Minister at Mexico City.
says, however, that the convention con
tlnues "to conjecture that the general
idea of the Government of the United
States is to help us in a friendly way
to bring our fratricidal struggle to an
end. which would be for the greatest
good of the country."
Nothing; Store Than Advice Wanted.
After declaring a willingness to
make peace with the Carranza faction,
the note, as made public tonight by the
State Department, says in parti
"The conventlonist government does
not see, does not wish to see, in the
substance of the declarations made by
Ills Excellency President Wilson, any
thing more than an advice, a friendly
uuggestion, -to induce the contending
groups to wipe out their differences
and lead them into the path to the end
pursued by the revolution. Coming to
the declaration that if we Mexicans
cannot settle our differences within a
short time, the Government of the
American Union will find itself con
strained to decide as to what means it
shall use to bring it about, the con
ventionist government cannot under
stand how President Wilson previously
declares in the same note that the
United States does not desire or claim
any right to settle the affairs of Mex
ico and more to the same effect.
Wilson Speech Quoted.
"The chief of the American Nation
made at Indianapolis the following
" 'I am proud to belong to a power
ful nation which says that that country
(Mexico), which we could crush, will
enujoy the same liberty in the manage
ment of its affairs as we enjoy. If I
am strong I should be ashamed to die-
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
Saturday's War Moves
ALTHOUGH disagreeing as to re
sults, both the German official
statement, on the one hand, and the
French and British communications, on
the other, indicate that the fighting
progressing In the Arras sector and at
the northern and southern parts of the
short British front is as desperate aa
any the western theater of war has
The area of hostilities is tiny as com
pared with the sweep of the Galician
front, where the Austro-Gerraans are
still driving forward, but the last few
days have brought much hand-to-hand
fighting, the British and French striv
ing to hold the trenches gained, and
the Germans, with a preponderance of
machine guns, as promptly initiating a
Each side dwells on the losses of the
other and each emphasizes its gains, all
of which have been costly, although
comparatively small as measured in
distance. It is too early to say whether
this means a series of Franco-British
attempts to break through, but it is
apparent that they are on the offen
sive. In the east the Austro-German forces
are not only nearer Lemberg. Galicia,
but say they have driven the Russians
farther across the frontier of Poland
in the vicinity of Tarnogrod, as well as
penetrating further into Bessarabia.
The battle for Lemberg is now raging
along the fortified Grodek line where,
it is predicted, the Russians will give
a final stubborn battle to save the capi
tal. The British, press, pending such
time as the Russians stiffen their re
sistance, is finding solace in the reports
of the colossal human sacrifices which
the Austro-German drive through Ga
licia entailed. It is asserted that the
Russians, even if forced to retreat, by
clever management, have drawn the
Austro-German forces perilously far
from their rail communications, mean
time so seriously sapping their vitality
with estimated losses of 10,000 a day as
to contribute materially to the out
come of the wesern campaign.
Dispatches from the Italian front in
dicate that the Austrians along all thelt
fronts have thrown their crack, regi
ments to take the place of customs
guards and soldiers of the landstrum
On the Tyrol front the Austrians, In
the vicinity of Mori and Rovereto. have
taken the offensive against the Italians,
and a battle in that region is in
progress. Vienna reports that heavy
losses were inflicted on the Italians
near Plava when Dalmatian troops re
pulsed an attack.
It is added that tbe italian offen
sives on the Isonzo front have met with
little success, v. -
The Austrians have bombarded with
torpedo-boat destroyers the Italian
towns of Pesaro and Rimini and also
a section of the coast railroad near
Fano and Pesaro on the Adriatic Sea.
Rome reports that three civilians were
slightly injured at Rimini, but that the
material damage nowhere was impor
Another British steamer, the Ailsa,
has been sent to the bottom by a Ger
man submarine, off the southeast coast
ALASKA WORK GOES ON
Engineers Ignore Suit and Press
SEWARD, Alaska, June 18. Prepa
rations . by the Alaska Engineering
Commission to take over the Alaska
Northern Railroad next month are go
ing ahead without regard to the suit
brought in Washington, D. G. by bond
holders of the old Alaska Central to
prevent the Government from making
payment to the Canauian bondholders
of the reorganized Alaska Northern.
Engineers are preparing plans for a
dock, machine shops and warehouses
here. Chairman Edes, of the Commis
sion, says tbe line will be open to Kern
Creek, by Fall and will be kept open all
Winter, carrying supplies to men work
ing on rock cuts.
Grading on the eight-mile spur from
anchorage to the main line is 50 per
cent completed. Supplies are being
transported by barge rrom Ship Creek
to the advance construction camp on
Eagle River, 20 miles north.
The land office has increased the
townsite at Ship Creek to 740 acres.
CHERRIES BOUGHT BY TON
Fruit Delivered at Clarke Cannery
Shipped to Portland,
VANCOUVER. Wash., June 18. (Spe
cial.) Cherries to the amount of four
tons a day are being bought at the
Clarke County Growers' Union cannery
in this city and shipped to Portland by
the Oregon Packing Company. The can
nery is not in operation, though it is
leased by the company.
The cherry crop, in spite of the con
tinued rains, has been large, the cher
ries being large and luscious.- However,
nearer Washougal and Camas the
cherry crop suffered more.
Shipments of the Blng cherry were
brought in for the first time this sea
son today, but many were cracked by
action of rain.
LAKE-TO-GULF BILL SIGNED
Enactment of Illinois Law Marks
Last Day of Legislature.
SPRINGFIELD, 111.. June 18 The
signing and the final enactment into
law of Governor Dunne's waterway bill
was the principal event today of the
closing day of the legislative session.
Everything was in readiness for ad
journment some time before 12 o'clock
tonight. Governor Dunne attached his
signature to the bill today.
The bill provides for the construc
tion of a waterway connecting the Chi
cago drainage canal with the Illinois
River, thereby creating a direct water
route between the Great Lakes and the
Gulf of Mexico.
WIND AND HAIL TAKE
TOLL OF 17 LIVES
Missouri and Kansas
Swept by Storm.
CREEKS TURNED TO RIVERS
Sixty-Five Cars Blown From
Tracks in Fort Scott.
FLOOD FORECAST ALARMS
Quarter or Million Damage Done to
Property Kainfall Ranges From
Two to Five Inches Over
KANSAS CITY, June IS. Seventeen
lives were lost, a score of persons were
injured, and property damage estimated
at $200,000 was done by a terrific wind,
hail and electrical storm which cen
tered in Missouri and Kansas last night
and early today.
The heavy fall of rain, ranging from
two to five inches, turned many small
creeks in the affected district into
turbulent streams, which extended their
waters over lowlands and sent the
rivers to which they are tributary on
rapid upward spurts. Tonight all points
in the Kansas River Valley and along
the Missouri River from Kansas City
to Jefferson City are in possession
of Government warnings of impending
Children Among; Dead.
' Several children are among the dead,
the list of whom, so far as now known,
is as follows:
RlchmonU, Mo. Mrs. Arthur Covey
and email child killed when their home
was demolished by a tornado.
West Moreland, Kan. Charles Mor
ris, his son, and John Gunther drowned
when gasoline motor car was swept
into a creek by a sudden rush of water.
Oraaga, Kan. Five member, family
of John Burges, farmer, killed when a
tornado demolished the Burges home.
Nevada,. Mo. Mrs. Gertrude Knau, 80
years old, lost life when house was de
molished by a tornado.
La Tour, Mo. Mrs. Alma Allman
killed when wind swept her home away.
Montrose, Mo. Unidentified infant
killed in wind storm.
Goltry. Okla. Mrs. Carrie Ford killed
in tornado that demolished her home.
Joplin, Mo. Two-year-old daughter
of Frank Doss drowned in swollen
creek near Doss' home.
Cam Blown From Track.
Sixty-five cars were blown from the
San Francisco tracks In the yards at
Fort Scott, Kan. One was a work train,
in which track laborers were living.
Three were injured.
Local Weather Observer Conner said
tonight that flood conditions in the
Blue, Republican and Solomon River
valleys in Kansas were serious, al
though he was hopeful the streams
would be able to carry away the tre
mendous volume of water from the
JURY FOR THAW IS UPHELD
New York Court of Appeals Affirms
Order of Justice Hendrick.
ALBANY, N. V.. June 18. The Court
of Appeals today upheld the order of
Supreme Court Justice Peter A. Hen
drick, directing a jury trial to test the
sanity of Harry K. Thaw.
Thaw's trial had been set for next
Tuesday, pending the decision CT the
Court of Appeals. His counsel have
had some 50 witnesses ready to testify
in the case.
The decision ends several months of
litigation, begun to obtain Thaw's lte
gal freedom after he was found not
guilty of conspiracy In conection with
his escape from Matteawan in 1913.
He is now in Ludlow-street jail.
The Court of Appeals was unanimous
in the opinion, which held that Justice
Hendrick did not attempt to evade any
responsibility in directing a jury trial,
but merely wished to obtain the ad
vice of a jury. The decision holds that
Thaw has no mandatory right to a
jury trial, but that it was in the dis
cretion of the trial Judge to decide
whether such a request should
GERMANS BEGIN REPRISALS
French Allow Brutal Treatment in
Africa, Charges Berlin.
BERLIN, by wireless to Sayville, N".
Y June 18. The Overseas News
Agency today gave out the following
"In spite of repeated representations
through American and Spanish diplo
mats, the French government refuses
to mitigate the brutal treatment being
accorded German civil and military
prisoners in - tropical Africa. This is
particularly true in Dahomey, where
well-educated white men are under
negro control witcout proper clothing,
nourishment or protection against dis
ease. They are compelled to perform
the hardest manual labor and are sub
jected to the worst of indignities by
"Therefore, the German government
has concluded to retaliate by compell
ing French prisoners of war to culti
vate swamps in different parts of the
country. The government will not.
however, neglect anything necessary
for the well being and health of these