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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 19, 1915)
TITE 3IOBNINO OREGONIAX. SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1915.
MEYER INCIDENT IS
German Ambassador's Denial
That Hoax Was Perpetrat
ed Accepted by Lansing.
DEPARTMENT IS SATISFIED
Von Bernslorff Knows Xo Such Per
son and Declares Meyer-Gerhard
Was Engaged Only in Busi
ness for Ked Cross.
"WASHINGTON, June 18. The inci
dent involving the names of Anton
Meyer-Gerhard and a Dr. Meyer, reputed
official of the German war office. In
which It was charged that the State
Department had been hoaxed, was of
ficially declared closed today.
The German Ambassador, Count von
Bernstorff. called today to see Acting
Secretary Lansing. He said that reports
tending- to confuse Meyer-Gerhard and
Dr. Alfred Meyer had been related to
him a week ago and that he had denied,
them then. No Dr. Meyer, he said, was
known to him or to other members of
the embassy. He added that the whole
xtory reflecting on his sincerity in ask
ing safe conduct for Meyer-Gerhard,
was an "absolute fabrication," and that
he had taken official notice of it only
because of his desire to assure the
President of the United States and the
Secretary of State that he had not
sought to deceive them.
Mr. Lansing assured the Ambassador
that he was fully satisfied with the
statement made by him. Later in the
day the following was Issued by the De
partment: "The German Ambassador called on
me today and said the stories published
in the newspapers as to Meyer-Gerhard
and Dr. Meyer were not true and were
embarrassing to him. The ambassador
said he had no knowledge of any Dr.
Meyer, nor did any member of the em
bassy know any such person as the Dr.
Meyer referred to. The Ambassador
made this statement on his word of
honor and said that the stories were a
criticism of his own personal charac
ter. He said that Meyer-Gerhard had
never entered into any contract In this
country, nor had anything to do here
except with the Red Cross. So far as
anything that had been brought to its
attention Is concerned the incident is
regarded by the State Department as
closed. I assured the Ambassador that
I would tell the newspapers."
i BECKER PETITION DENIED
New York cx-Police lieutenant Xot
Hopeful of Supreme Court Action. .
ALBANY, N. T.. June 18. The Court
of Appeals today denied the application
. of counsel for Charles Becker, the New
i York ex-police lieutenant, for a reargu-
menfon its decision affirming sentence
" Becker, convicted of inspiring the
u murder of Herman Rosenthal, now is in
- the Sing Sing death house, sentenced to
- die in the electric chair during the
week beginning July 12.
- Unless Governor Whitman pardons
t him or the TJ; ted States Supreme Court
interferes he must die. Little hope is
l expressed by either Becker or his
friends that the Federal Court will act
1 favorably. Neither do they believe that
the Governor, who prosecuted the ex-
police officer, will be inclined to grant
,J him clemency.
No written opinion was handed down
Z- today. The court simply denied the ap
1 plication. .
ENVOY VISITS OFFICIALS
(Continued From First Trnxet
eral has shown satisfaction that Presi
dent Wilson's communication offers op
portunity for an understanding and ex
presses the belief that diplomacy on
both sides of the Atlantic will work
with zeal and good will to this end.
Added Enemy to Be Avoided.
"Tt is quite certain the German gov
ernment, at least, will do this and will
be generally supported therein by the
people," this newspaper continues. "It
would be pure imbecility to seek to
drag in without necessity a ninth or
tenth enemy for ourselves, even though
its participation in the war should be
limited to supplying the quadruple al
liance with money and munitions."
In a leading article entitled "Bad Ad
vice." the Cologne Gazette takes the
Lokal Anzeiger to task for attempting
to palliate the British "starving-out
policy," and "exportations from Amer
ica of war supplies." Conceding that
the cutting off of supplies is an ac
cepted method of warfare, it says that
international law provides expressly
that this weapon may be used only in
the forms of an effective blockade. No
effective blockade of the German coasts
has been declared, according to the
Monition Exports Discussed.
Kegarding the exportation of .mu
nitions from the United States, the
Gazette adopts the argument of rhilllp
Zorn, German member of The Hague
tribunal, that although the convention
adopted at The Hague justified sales by
private firms, a neutral state is bound
to prohibit sales of this nature when
the commerce in arms assumes such an
extent that continuation of war is di
rectly dependent thereon.
Captain von Kuehlwetter, the naval
expert of the Tag, points out that the
American note passes over in silence
the German representations regarding"
the British Admiralty's Instructions to
merchantmen to seek cover under neu
tral flags and attack submarines under
this cover. He declares this is the
kernel of the whole argument and the
justification for the German policy.
CHIEF RESENTS PRESSURE
Cantinud From First Fag.)
tate to the weak in the measure of my
strength. My pride consists in keep
in my strength free and not in op
pressing another people with it."
"If contrary to the itnerpretation
which in the most friendly sense the
conventionist government puts upon
President Wilson's declaration, thus the
Hosincr part should signify a denial of
the instinctive sympathy generously
demonstrated to the Mexican revolution
and should further signify pressure or
threat, the conventionist government,
still harboring the conscience of its
sacrifices, will maintain the dgnty of
the Mexcan people.
KoTrrnrarnt Receptve to Peace.
"The Government is .ready to bring
about by all means consistent with its
dignity the fusion of all the contending
groups, to initiate all the economic,
political and social reforms aimed at
by the revolution and to establish a
strong stable government with which
all tendencies and all legitimate inter
ests will find the fullest favor and en
joy the guarantees which our funda
, mental law provides."
This not from the convention govern-
ment was drafted after conferences
with the Zapata leaders. The State De
partment previously had received a
note of the same general character
from General Villa, which while deny
ing the right of the United States to
intervene-in Mexico said that the sug
gestion for a unification of the factions
should be adopted. Proposals for peace
are repeated in the Chazartf note.
POOR IX IjIXE beg for corx
Thousands Endure Heat and Rain
in Mexico City to Obtain Food.
MEXICO CITY, Hay 29. (Correspon
dence of the Associated Press.) From
12,000 to 20.000 of the city's poor have
been standing in line at the food dis
tributing station from 3 o'clock in the
morning until long after dark for the
last seven days in an effort to get
enough corn to keep alive. From 8 in
the morning until 2 in the afternoon
they bear the hot rays of a tropical
sun and from the latter hour until
dark they stand in downpours of rain,
for the wet season has begun.
On some days as many as 200 have
been carried away on stretchers by Red
Cross attendants. These have dropped
from weakness due to lack of food,
from being overcome by the sun's rays
or from suffocation. So desperate have
the rushes for corn become at times
that the soldiers guarding the lines
in the effort to maintain a semblance
of order have had to fire over the
heads of hungry throngs.
While these scenes were being en
acted on the streets in various sec
tions of the city, delegates to the Na
tional conventioon " were quarreling
over whether General Gonzales Garza,
or General Manuel Palafox had been
named chief executive. At times the
debate became so fierce as to cause
weapons to be drawn.
One of these passages was inter
rupted by a mob of women, who
stormed the Chamber with the cry of:
"Give us corn." There is little corn
to give, two quarts being the miximum
allowed one applicant by the distribut
MAIL PROBLEM VEXES
UMTED STATES CAN DO LITTLE AS
TO SWEDISH PROTEST.
Private Letters Held Subject to Risk
When Passing Through Cona
trles of Belligerents.
WASHINGTON. June 18. United
States officers are concerned with a
perplexing problem in connection with
the complaint of the Swedish Minister
here that private mail from New York
to Sweden was opened while passing
As the mails were alleged to have
been opened in England and not on the
high eeas. interesting legal questions
have been raised, which made it seem
doubtful to many officials today
whether the United. States could, do
more than transmit the complaint to
Great Britain for consideration.
Inasmuch as cable messages passing
through belligerent countries are sub
ject to censorship, the view taken in
official quarters was that private let
ters passing- through these nations
were liable to the same risks if they
contained military information.
Official correspondence between the
United States Government and its em
bassies and legations abroad haa en
Joyed immunity from interference, be
ing mailed in sealed pouches. Such
immunity, however, has not always
been extended to consular mail, and
American consuls abroad, to make sure
of the delivery of important documents,
have transmitted them to United States
embassies to be forwarded to Washing
ton in the diplomatic pouches.
Although the Swedish Minister's pro
test was the first to come from a
diplomatic source. It was said officially
at the State Department today that
since the war began there had been
many complaints that private mail to
and from the United States had been
tampered with while passing through
belligerent countries. Nothing has been
done by the belligerent countries to
remedy the situation.
PIUTE PLEADS INNOCENCE
Tse-Xe-Gat, in Denver Hospital,
Eagerly Asks for General Scott.
DENVER, June 1 8. Tse-Ne-Gat,
Piute Indian, pleaded not guilty in the
Federal District Court to the charge
of murdering ' Juan Chacon, Mexican
sheepherder. a year aso in Southwest
ern Colorado. 'trial was set lor
It was the charge of murder against
Tse-Ne-Gat that sent a marshal's posse
to Bluff. Utah, to arrest Tse-Ne-Gat.
who, surrounded by renegade Flutes.
led by Old Polk, his father, refused to
submit to arrest and engaged in a run
ning fight for several weeks last Win
ter. The tight ended Dy surrender to
Hugh L. Scott, chief of staff of the
United States Army.
Tse-Ne-Gat, who has been a Federal
prisoner In a Denver hospital, under
treatment for advanced tuberculosis,
inquired eagerly today for "John Scott,"
otherwise General Scott, who he be
lieves will aid him in his trial.
sin MrF3io S5!sss
yf TstonvS V o V nf X AZolvriiaP .JaarOSlaUL Burczvcio ix'l $1 k ft
BRITAIN FINDS IDOL
HAS FEET OF CLAY
Kitchener's Failure to Provide
High Explosives Real
Cause of Crisis.
FRANCE SHOWS RIGHT WAY
Editor Who Precipitated Storm Is
" Widely Denounced, hut Under
lying Belier in Truth of
Story Brings Change.
(Continued From First Page.)
armies alone fought the war
mlinl. nntlnns 'fltrnt the War.
problem of equipment and munitions
had become all-important. Before, the
allies had "made good on the Alsne,
the German army alone had probably
shot off as many shells as all Christen
dom ever fired before tnis war. w""
conducted a war must organize me
whole country for the production of
munitions, and principally of artillery
munitions. It was no longer wholly a
soldier's job. It was mainly a manufac
Prance Proceeds to Make Shell.
There remained the most vital mat
ter of all munitions of war, and espe
cially artillery ammunition. The Ger
mans gained their great Initial advan
tage through the use of an unheard-of
quantity of artillery ammunition. From
the first the shrewd observers of the
allies prophesied that this war. would
be won by the side which could manu
facture the most shells in the shortest
time. France, with that quiet, business
like efficiency which has characterized
the heroine among nations in this war,
proceeded to get those shells. But
France was a military nation, with the
material and social machinery for
manufacturing shells right at hand.
The British had to make that machin
ery. Since September, when Sir John
French began to send his appeals from
the line for "shells." shells and still
more shells," the government, through
strikes, through charges of intemper
ance among the workers and greed
among the employers, has been work
ing after its own fashion to stimulate
the manufacture of big gun ammuni
tion. Type of Ammunition Vital.
By November, however, there arose
another vital consideration concerning
shells. Artillery ammunition for land
operations' is of two kinds shrapnel
and high explosive. The shrapnel is
tremendously effective against men in
the open. There is nothing like it to
stop a charge. But against men well
intrenched, it is of no more use than a
volley of stones, hand-thrown. For that
purpose one needs the high explosive
shell, a thick casing, loaded with some
form of dynamite which blows up and
disturbs the earth when it lights. Still
further, the barbed wire entanglement
has grown greatly in importance. Ex
perience has shown, that shrapnel will
not eliminate barbed wire. That also
needs high explosive shells.
After months of urging those high
explosive shells failed to appear in any
number. What became of the appeals
from the line, where they were side
tracked, no one knows. But the war
office was sticking to the policy of old
wars and sending shrapnel.
Dardanelles Venture Unfortunate.
This brings the history up to late
April or early May. In the meantime
another factor disturbing to the gov
ernment had appeared. The Darda
nelles adventure had turned out badly.
An expedition which the optimists ex
pected to be a short, successful drive
against a weak but rival point in the
enemy's lines had turned into a sepa
rate war, and a hard one. That, ex
pedition, as all the world knows, was
preceded by a bombardment on the
part of the French and British fleets
a bombardment which did comparative
ly little' harm and which was not
backed up for weeks by land forces.
Quite suddenly the Morning Post
opened upon the government, criticis
ing Winston Churchill, First Lord of
the Admiralty, with extreme bitter
ness. There had been a row in the
Admiralty. Admiral Fisher, First Sea
Lord, had certainly opposed the Darda
Yet there must have been more to
that adventure than we shall know
until the end of the war hidden diplo
matic causes which the government
cannot reveal even under fire. For, be
it noted, the French also are en
gaged in this Dardanelles affair, and
the French have been making few mis
takes, either military or diplomatic.
However, the attack of the Morning
Post shook the government somewhat.
Flanders End Crucial for Britain.
But, after all, the important end. of
the war, the crucial end for England,
HEAVY DOTTED LINK SHOWS PRESENT
is Flanders. Though the Dardanelles
stand.- or fall, once let the Germans
make that 50-mile drive to Calais and
the whole British Empire finds itself
in a bad way. The really serious mat
ter was that shortage of high ex
plosive shells in Flanders.
On Sunday. May 9, Colonel Repping
ton, military correspondent of the
London Times, . was at general head
quarters. That day brought a tragic
example of Briton's lack. The great
drive of the Germans, which began the
second battle of Ypres, was over. They
had broken the allied lines by means
of their sudden introduction of gas
into warfare; the British had been
forced to readjust their line which
meant giving ground. The proper time
had - come for a. counter-attack. Into
the allied line projects the strong Ger
man position of La Bassee. The right
of that position is held by the French
troops, the left by the British. It was
determined to attack simultaneously
on both sides of this position, in the
hope of cutting it off and rendering
it untenable. The French had de
termined to attack, and the British
had practically no choice but to at
tack also, since by such attack they
prevented the Germans from sending
reinforcements against the French.
French Efficiency Shown In Contrast.
The French screened 'their attack by
a terrible fire of high explosive shells.
They leveled the barbed-wire entangle
ments, they smashed the concrete-lined
trenches of the Germans and they made
one of the most considerable gains
since the Western allies settled down
to trench warfare.
The British attacked for an hour. In
that hour they fired all the high ex
plosive shells which they could with
safety spare. Then they were stopped
dead, without a yard gained, with a
loss of thousands of English boys. If
report be true, the British, before they
were lorced to stop, fired only about
one-twentieth of the number of-high
explosive shells used by the French.
tteppington witnessed this battle.
That night he sent out an account of
it. In the account were two Daraeranhn
declaring that the British owed their
defeat and their great loss of life to
tne lack of high explosive shells.
That "story" passed the censor at
headquarters. Further, investiga
tion proved, it passed the censor in the
war Office. A da later and the ac
count was in the Times. The Briton
not accustomed to have the news
pointed out to him by .big headlines
and subheads. He is content to bur.
row for it. But from this sober article
ill the Times stood those two nara-
graphs, proving that British life had
oeen lost because the army had not
the proper shells.
London Turns on Northellffe.
There was a thrill of horror in Lon
don next day, and the next day after
that Nortficllffe opened up not in the
Times, but in the more widely circulat
ed DaUy Mail. He threw aside the
calmly academic tone thought proper
to British editorials. In language
which resembled the hammering of an
old-time mining -camp editor he at
tacked Lord Kitchener as the responsi
ble person declared that this tragic
fiasco was due to Kitchener's laxity in
providing shells, hia disregard of ad
vice from the front. He followed that
up on two successive days with two
more editorials of the same tone.
All Britain gasped; and then it
seemed as though all Britain turned,
not on Kitchener, but on Northcliffe.
Within a day the English were burning
copies of the Daily Mail on the London
Stock Exchange, were barring it from
the clubs, were stopping their sub
scriptions with letters which should
have burned the paper on which they
were written. By that night there was
a cordon of police about the Mail.
Most of the other newspapers emplaced
their howitzers and turned them on
Northcliffe even the Morning Post,
which had been attacking Churchill.
They demanded that the War Office
proceed against him under the defense-of-the-realm
act. They, all but called
him a traitor. The mildest among them
declared that he was a. self-seeking
Story Denounced,' hut Believed.
There was one curious thing, how
ever; while the British denounced him
they mostly believed him. I was ill
at the time of the ;reat excitement.
and in the midst of it a Briton, not con
nected with politics, but a man of force
and wide information, nevertheless,
came to see me. He was snorting his
indignation. His neighbors had all
stopped the Mail. It would never en
ter his house again.
"But the question is is it true?" I
asked in my simple American way.
."Probably It is." he said; "but what
a thing to say even so."
That underlying belief in the truth
of this charge, spite of the public
indignation against the man who told
the truth, brought the great Cabinet.
Explosion Maims Lad.
GRAYS RIVER, Wash.. June IS.
(Special.) Anton, the 10-year-old son
of Joseph Kukka. was seriously in
jured here late Wednesday afternoon.
The little fellow, unknown to hi3 par
ents, had gotten hold of a shotgun
cartridge, and, boring a hole in it,
pouched a lighted match to the con
tents. The cartridge exploded, tearing
off the thumb and two fingers of one
hand and making gashes in the ab
dominal and chest regions.
Your watch cleaned and repaired for
$1; special offer. Friedlander's. Adv.
SHOWING DEFENSE OF SAN LINE.
LINE OP" BATTLE. LIGHTER. DOTTED
ITALY WONDERS IF
GERMANY IS ENEMY
Declaration of War on Rome
Government Is Not Yet
Made by Berlin.
PEACE IN AUSTRIA HINTED
Member of Pope's Entourage Visits
Vienna and Says That Nation Is
Humbled and Would Quit,
if Permitted by Kaiser.
ROME. ITALY, June 18. (Special.)
Germany's delay in declaring war on
Italy is not understood, here. When
Italy declared war on Austria, Ger
many announced its intention to aid
its ally, broke off diplomatic relations
with Italy and suspended postal and
telegraphic communications with this
country. When the Italian army in
vaded Austria everybody expected the
appearance of the famous Bavarian sol
diers, who; It had. been reported, were
to help Austria in defending Its fron
tiers. The Bavarians are still conspicuous
by their absence. Austria is alone in
defending its frontiers and is unable
to check the Italian advance, wjjile
Germany is passively looking on. Tur
key, under German instructions, main
tains its Ambassador in Rome, thus
completing the anomaly.
Italy, however, does not care par
ticularly what attitude Germany as
sumes. This country openly joined, the
allies, and so - their enemies are its
enemies. Italy feels free, whenever it
chooses to do so. to aid Its allies in
the . eastern or western theaters of
war in operating against their common
enemies, and therefore is not concerned
whether 'Germany and Turkey declare
war against it or not.
Obviously the anomaly has some
meaning, and it is thought In some
quarters that it may lead to eurpris
ing developments. A well-informed
member of the Pope's entourage who
recently returned from "Vienna hinted
at the possibility of Austria's soon
suing for peace.
"Peace," he said, "is impossible until
some of the belligerents are willing to
admit defeat. Germany's pride is still
so great that such a humiliation on
its part is entirely out of the question.
But Austria has already been humbled
and would hasten to seek peace if al
lowed by Germany to do so.
"Probably Germany is now prepared
to allow Austria to sue for peace, pro
vided German pride remains Intact
.Naturally, everything depends on
whether the allies are satisfied, and
Germany is not humbled; yet It must
be remembered that those whose pride
is the greatest often are the more
SERBS LOYAL TO ALLIES
RUMORS OF SEPARATE PEACE DE.
MED BY MINISTER.
Blandishments of Austrian Always to
Be Resented, la Declaration Al
bania Still Occupied.
HOM K, via Paris. June 18. Acting on
the rumor from Vienna that Austria
Hungary and Serbia might reach an
understanding of their differences, the
Messagero obtained an interview with
the Serbian Minister in Rome, who,
among other things, said:
"We first entered Albania to put an
end to the intrigues of the Turks and
the Austrlans. We occupied Durazzo
from which we later retired at the de
sire of Europe. We maintained, how
ever, a few strategical points. These
we abandoned later.
"The present is the fourth time we
have been obliged to operate against
Albania. It would appear that Austria
and Turkey are now preparing in Al
bania a movement against us in order
to compel us to withdraw a large con
tingent of troops now operating against
Austria. Consequently it has been nec
essary for us to occupy certain strat
egical positions in Albania, In order to
cover our front. We have communi
cated our intentions in this regard to
the powers of the quadruple entente.
"Aa to the blandishments of the Aus
trians, these we always shall resent,
even with the danger of being de
stroyed. It is a question of honor.
The Queen of Italy belongs to Greater
Serbia and strong ties unite Serbia to
Italy and these Garibaldians."
LINE IS INTERNATIONAL BO VNDARV,
Special TODAY ONLY Special
Supported by an All-Star Cast in
Miss Jekyll and Madame Hyde
Vitagraph Broadway Star Feature
A woman's better self, unconsciously dominated by her worse
self, leads men to ruin. Awakening to a knowledge of her dual
nature, she overcomes evil with good.
Hearst-Selig Weekly . George Ade Comedy
In His Latest "XATg 0f"
Comedy Success VV Vjlllk.
BURS ASK LIGHT
Specific Information as to De
tails Wanted From Allies.
PETROGRAD TAKES HEART
Understanding With Entente Pow
ers as Rumored and Loudon
Thinks It Settled Nation Will
Xot Aid Teutons.
' SOFIA, Bulgaria, via London, June
18. Bulgaria's reply to the proposals
of the entente powers is a request for
further enlightenment. Premier Rad
oslavoff personally visited the entente
ministers and thanked them for the
offers of their governments. He asked
for clearer information on specific
points, so that Bulgaria may be able
to Judge better what will be her posi
tion and her relations with her neigh
bors at the end of the war.
LONDON. June 18. Reports are in
circulation In London today that Bul
garia has come to an agreement with
entente power. These reports lack
confirmation,, although the buoyancy
of the Petrograd Bourse is taken in
London as an indication that impor
tant events are near at hand. The
opinion is generally expressed here
that there is now no chance that Bul
garia will enter the war on the side
of Germany and Austria.
COLOGNE, via London, June 18.
The Cologne Gazette has published a
dispatch from Berlin concerning the
outcome of the recent general elections
in Greece, in which doubt is expressed
as to whether M. Veniielos would be
unconditionally in favor of armed In
tervention on the side of the allies,
even in case King Constantine should
entrust him again with the conduct of
It is to be assumed that M. Veniz
los. the Berlin dispatch goes on to say,
is following: the developments in the
Dardanelles closely; that he has no
ticed England's admission that prog
ress there is possible only with great
sacrifices, and that the latest attempts
to induce Bulgaria and Roumanla to
co-operate with the allies have failed.
Conditions in this quarter of the world
have changed since last Spring.
BERLIN, via London, June 18. In
formation reaching Berlin from Sofia
is that Bulgaria, in her last communi
cation to the powers in the matter
of her participation in the war, refers
to her expectation as part of her re
ward of the restitution of the terri
tory she ceded to Roumanla and of
Last opportunity to see
the ever adorable
The Dawn of a Tomorrow
Tomorrow at the
portions of Greek and Serbian Mace
donia. Bulgaria is described as demanding
precise details as to what she will re
ceive, and the understanding here is
that she is endeavoring to avoid a
definite answer to the allies, thu.s
leaving the way open to further ne
BRITISH REPORTED LOSING
Berlin Hears Hold on Gallipoli Pen
insula Is Precarious.
BERLIN, June IS, via wireless to Say
ville, N. Y. An undated dispatch from
Constantinople, received here, says th"
British have lost most of the groond
they formerly held, and are in posses
sion only of a small crescent on the
west coast of the Gallipoli peninsuln.
This position is described as being 2800
yards long and 1100 yards wide at it3
Jt is reported that the British fleet
has been compelled to take refuge from
German submarines In Kefala bay, Im
bros Island, three miles from the Gal
Advertising Law Is liffcclive.
KANSAS CITY, June 18. Missouri's
honest advertising law, enacted by the
'ast Legislature, became effective to
day. The measure applies to every
form of business. It prohibits mis
statements of fact in any form of ad
vertising, including posters, circulars
in connection with the
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