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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 11, 1915)
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VOL. IV7. NO. 17,019.
. PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Legality of Sinking of
DETAILS HELO IRRELEVANT
Representations in Original
Communication on Subject
Solemnly Renewed. .
PRECAUTION IS DEMANDED
Americans Declared Entitled
to Travel Lawfully, Not
"WASHINGTON, June 10. The text
of the American rejoinder to the Ger
man government's reply to the note
following the sinking of the Lusitania
"The Secretary of State ad interim
to the American Ambassador to Ber
lin: Department of State, Washing
ton, June 9, 1915. American Ambas-j
sador, Berlin: You are instructed to
deliver textually the following note
to the Minister of Foreign Affairs:
"In compliance with Your Excel
lency's request, I did not fail to trans
mit to my Government, immediately j
upon their receipt, your note of May
28 in reply to my note of May 15, and
your supplementary note of June 1,
setting forth the conclusions, so far
as reached by the imperial German
government, concerning the attacks
on the American steamers Cushing
Principle of Freedom Recognized.
"I am now instructed by my Gov
ernment to communicate the follow
ing in reply:
"The Government of the United
States notes with gratification the
full recognition by the imperial Ger
man government, in discussing the
cases of the Cushing and the Gul
flieht. of the principle of the freedom
of all parts of the open sea to neutral
ships and the frank willingness of the
imperial government to acknowledge
and meet its liability where the fact
of attack upon neutral ships 'which
have not been guilty of any hostile
act' by German aircraft or vessels of
war is satisfactorily established; and
the Government of the United States
will in due course lay before the im
perial German government, as it re
quests, full information concerning
the attack on the steamer Cushing.
Falaba Contention Is Surprise.
"With regard to the sinking of the
Eteamer Falaba, by which an Ameri
can citizen lost his life, the Govern
ment of the United States is surprised
to find the imperial German govern
ment contending that an effort on
the part of a merchantman to escape
capture and secure assistance alters
the obligation of the officer seeking
to make the capture in respect to the
safety to the lives of those on board
the merchantman, although the ves
sel has ceased her attempt to escape
when torpedoed. These are not new
circumstances. They have been in the
minds of statesmen and of interna
tional jurists throughout the deyelop-
ment of naval wartare, and the uov
ernment of the United States does not
understand that they have ever been
held to alter the principles of human
ity upon which it has insisted. Noth-
ing but actual forcible resistance or
continued efforts to escape by flight
when ordered to stop for the purpose
of visit on the part of the merchant-,
man has ever been held to forfeit the
lives of her passengers or crew.
"The Government of the United
States, however, does not understand
that the imperial German government
is seeking in this case to relieve itself
of liability, but only intends to set
forth the circumstances which led the
commander of the submarine to allow
himself to be hurried into the course
which he took.
Status of Lusitania Taken Up.
"Your Excellency's note, in discuss
ing the loss of American lives result
ing from the sinking of the steamship
Lusitania, adverts at some length to
certain information which the imperial
German government has received with
regard to the character and outfit of
that vessel, and your Excellency ex
presses the fear that this information
may not have been brought to the at
tention of the Government of the
"It is stated in the note that the
Lusitania was undoubtedly equipped
with masked guns, supplied with
trained gunners and special ammuni
tion, transporting troops from Can
ada, carrying a cargo not permitted
under the laws of the United States
to a vessel also carrying passengers,
and serving, in virtual effect, as an
auxiliary to the naval forces of Great
Concluded oa Face 2. -Column !.
SUMMARY OV AMERICAS NOTE
TO GERMANY ON SINKING
Recognition by Germany of
principle of freedom of seas to
vessels. In cases of Cushing and
Gulflight noted with gratifica
tion. United States surprised by Ger
many's contention In case of Fa
laba that effort of merchantman
to escape alters obligation of at
tacker in respect of the safety of
those on board.
Government declared to have
performed fully Its obligation to
see that neutrality was not vio
lated by Lusitania. Germany
said to be misinformed in as
sumption that vessel was armed
or violated United States law
with respect to cargo.
Details of German contentions
held Irrelevant to question' of il
legality of methods.
Sinking of passenger ships de
clared to Involve principles of
humanity which lift it out of the
class - of . ordinary subjects of
United States contends - for
something greater than rights of
property or privileges of com
merce. It contends for sacred
rights of humanity.
Only actual resistance or re-.
fusal to stop could have Justi
fied putting lives of those on
board Lusitania in jeopardy.
United States ready at any time
to act in attempt to bring about
understanding between Germany
and Great Britain by which
character of sea warfare may be
Meanwhile United States sol
emnly renews representations of
note of May 15.'
Proclamation of war zone or
warning of neutrals not admit
ted as abbreviating rights of
Americans on lawful errands to
travel on merchant ships of bel
United States deems It reason
able to expect that Germany will
adopt measures to safeguard
American ships and lives and
asks again for assurances that
this will be done.
LOG SO BIG MILL CHANGES
Shed Raised So Saw Can lteach 3000
Feet of Timber.
RIDGEFIELD, Wash.. June JO.
(Special.) The largest cedar log ever
handled by the. Bratlie-McClelland
shingle mill here was run through Ihe
mill today. The log was 24 feet long
and seven feet in diameter at the big
end. The log contained-about 3000 feet
The log was so large that the shed
roof over the saw which cuts the
shingle bolts had to be raised to allow
the log to get to the saw. Other huge
cedar logs are being handled.
RAIN TODAY IS PREDICTED
Prospects for Good Weather Poor,
Says Assistant Forecaster.
The weather today will be unsettled
and it probably will rain, according to
the prediction of Assistant District
Forecaster Theodore F. Drake. Mr.
Drake said that weather conditions all
over the United States, with the ex
ception of near the Atlantic Coast and
also at points along the Pacific Coast,
were unsettled last night, which gave
very poor prospects for good weather
Persuasion,' Not Force,
to Be. Slogan.
RESIGNATION IS DEFENDED
Wilson Note Declared to Con-
form to "Old System."
ISSUE NOT PERSONAL ONE
Plea Made . for United . States to
Lead World Into Light of Day
. AVhcn - Swords . Shall Be
Beaten Into Plowshares.
WASHINGTON. June 10. William
Jennings Bryan, In a. statement to the
American people, tonight asks them to
hear him before they pass sentence on
his laying down, the oortfolio of Secre
tary of State in the midst of Interna
Confident that the public will credit
htm with honorable ' Intentions, Mr.
Bryan frankly says that good intentions
are not enough, and that if the public
verdict is against him, he asks no
mercy, asserting that men in public life
must be "willing to bear any deserved
punishment from ostracism to execu
tion." "Old System" Rejected.
Interpreting the American note - to
Germany on submarine warfare, which
he refused to sign, as conforming to the
"old system" of diplomatic standards,
precedents for which "are written in
characters of blood upon almost every
page of human history" and character
izing himself as a champion of the new
system persuasion instead of force
and as an ."humble follower of the
Prince of Peace," the ex-Secretary of
State pleads for the United States to
lead the world "out of the black night
of war into the light of that day when
'swords shall! be beaten into plow
lii. Br an will issue tomorrow an
other statement, an appeal, he says, to
'German-Americans." The nature of
this appeal he would not discuss. . But
with the issuance of the third state
ment since his resignation, the ex
Concluded on Page 2, Column 2.)
WINNER OF GRAND
! INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The VT eatlier. -
TESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature,
(ji-'.O degrees; . minimum. 4S.3 degree.
TODAY'S Showers; - westerly winds.
Floral parade 1 elorioua review. Pate 1.'
Prosperity parade thla morning at 10:3O i
ond of big Festival eventa. Page 7.
Queen Sybil adopted as Princess by Black
feet Indians. Page 0.
Crowu' at parade' unusually orderly. Page 9.
All Oregon to Join In brilliant finale of. Rose
Festival. Page 4.
Laurrlhurst wins first prize in second day
-community rose exhibit. Page -4. -
Not. . , ,
VntM in nrmnnv - lnsLffts on right or nu-
manltv HatiI- . IealltV Of SinKWg
i.itatt.nia anri r4tp.riite demand for as
mimnr.R flint American lives will be
safeguarded. . Page 1. -
Friends of Germany believe critical stage
in American crisis Lb passed, l age x.
Germans believe Bryan's -retirement makes
situation easier. page J.
Berlin tense as note Is received. Page Z.
German Admiral says Mediterranean -will oe
next field of submarine operations.
German submarine sinks two British
pedo boats, steamer ana six
Germany in Fry case declares right to sink
any vessel carrying coniraoanu, uui
willing to pay damages. - Page 2.
British warned disaster is likely unless mu
nitions are produced. Page 3.
Bryan Issues statement defending resigna
tion in time ot crisis, rage x.
Pacific Northwest. -
Suits against Highland mine aggregating
S124,b7T decided and resumption
dieted. Page 15.
Tvnorranh ical Union starts movement to
have textbooas printea in state. x-e i-
Schooner New Jersey reported lost In Arc-
, tic ' and four -of whaler s crew pensu.
Fred Louch wins roller skate marathon.
Detroit loses hard-fought game to Boston
Queens Sybil to attend championship track
meet today. Page 19.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland-Salt
Lake game postponed, rain: uaKiana .
San Francisco 2; Los Angeles 3, Venice 0.
Commercial and Marine.
Rose City's crews twice beat those of
cruiser Boston in thrilling race in har
bor. Page 15.
Heavy hop buying movement in all Pacific
Coast States, page 19.
England cecures wheat in India and Chicago
pricea drop. page i.
Portland and Vicinity.
R. F. Outcault, noted cartoonist, "Buster
Brown" and "Mary Jane." here. Page 20.
Pastor Russell predicts' end . of war will
bring devastation and anarchy. Page 13.
Body of baby found buried In vacant lot
and four persons arrested. Page JO.
Portland Academy graduating exercises will
be held tonight. Fan 14.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
SOCIALIST PAPER BLOWN
Butte Weekly Dynamited at Early
, Hour in Morning. .
. BUTTE, Mont., - Juneii0. TUs plan
of the Butte Socialist. weekly news
paper, was blown up by dynamite at
2 o'clock- this morning. '
Italians Xear Trieste.'
UDINE, Italy, via Paris, June 10
Italian troops, having occupied Monfal
cone, are within Bight of Trieste.
PRIZE IN YESTERDAY'S FESTIVAL FLORAL PARADE.
vy i . V w -
? " A i
Estsv or wAsuxaiGxoif man icuoou
FRED LOUGH WIHS
50,000 to 75,000 See
VICTOR IS LAD OF FOURTEEN
Wild Jumble of Arms and Legs
WINNER'S RECORD IS GOOD
Rain Falls- to Hamper Boys Second
Place Taken by orman Voumans
Beavers Mascot Judges Keep
Vp in Autos With Difficulty.
Fred Lough, 1433 East Everett street
is the champion roller skater of Ore
gon. This 14-year-old ' student or
Mount Tabor scnool won the first an
nual Rose Festival roller marathon.
conducted by The Oregonian yesterday.
midst the plaudits of a crowd of 50,
000 to 75,000 persons, who lined the
three-mile course about the city streets.
cheering wildly and shouting encour
agements to the hatless contestants.
Rain - proved no deterrent factor
either to the - Juvenile skaters or to
spectators. Ninety-two youngsters
lined up for the start at Sixth and Al
der streets and were sent on the unique
race by a. pistol shot fired. by Mayor
Finish la Wild Rash.
Most of the boys finished with plenty
of reserve strength, and it was a wild
Jumble of arms and legs that tore down
Sixth street from the South about 6:30
o'clock yesterday afternoon.
The first six boys finished in the
First Fred Lough, 1433 East Ever
ett street, age 14, weight 121 pounds
pupil in Mount Tabor school; time 14
minutes 6 2-5 seconds.
Second Norman -Youmans, 731 Over
ton street, age 14. weight 113 pounds,
pupil in Lincoln High.
Third John Clifford Hurlburt.' 2l
East Salmon street, age 13, weight 119
pounds, pupil in Stephens school. -
Fourth Marion Barber, 1068 East Al
der 'street age 13, weight 98 pounds,
pupil in Ladd school.
Fifth David H. Fovey, 692 Hancock
t'om-luded on Page IS, .Column li.)
r. -er- -w r iSk -. .-- -v e ,v, . - jii ,- . - t .., A aar. r . -W
CRITICAL. STAGE IS
FRIENDS OF GERMANY EXPECT
WAY OUT WILL BE FOUND.
Keply to American Note Is Not Ex
pected . Until Ambassador's
Envoy Reaches Berlin.
WASHINGTON, June 10. A copy of
the American note to Germany was
delivered to Count von .Bernstorff, the
German Ambassador, . late today. He
declined to .comment, saying that would
have to be left to the reply of his
In diplomatic circles generally the
note seemed to create a favorable im
pression In quarters friendly to Ger
many it. was said that the document
confirmed belief held since Count von
Bernstorffs ' recent . interview with
President Wilson that the critical stage
had been passed and that, with the
American viewpoint clearly before It.
the German government would be able
to find a way out of the dilemma that
would satisfy the United States.
Meyer Gerhard, now on his way to
Berlin as personal representative of
Count von Bernstorff. is understood to
have been instructed to outline the
attitude of the American Government
in a way that will merely supplement
the statement of position in the note.
In German quarters no response from
the imperial government is looked for
until after Gerhard reaches Berlin,
perhaps 10 days or a fortnight hence.
One phase of the note which at
tracted much attention in diplomatic
circles was that relating to mediatory
steps on the part of the United States
looking toward a reformation of war
fare on the seas generally. In this
connection it was suggested that the
chief difficulty might be an insistence
by Germany that the allies refrain
from interfering, not only with food
stuffs consigned to her civilian population,-
but with raw materials of all
MORE CADETS INVOLVED
Three Graduated Ensigns Recalled;
Other Midshipmen to Follow.
ANNAPOLIS. June 10. The principal
development of today's sessions of the
court of inquiry on the Naval Acad
emy scandal was the implication of
three Ensigns who received their di
plomas last Friday, and the probability
that other midshipmen will be brought
In as defendants tomorrow.
At the beginning of the afternoon ses
sion Captain Russell, president of the
court, announced that Ensigns W. J.
Confer, P. H. Harrison and A. V. Stru
ble had been made defendants in the
proceedings. The three Ensigns have
been . mentioned in the testimony as
having in one way or another had ad
vance information on the last annual
HANDS LONG BARED BY LIEN
First Gloves in 2 5 Years Donned
With Raisin? of Mortgage.
PASADENA, Cal., June 10. For the
first time In 25 years Mrs. H. P. O.
Anderson, of Burbank. Cal., wore to
day a pair of kid gloves. Mrs. Ander
son, who Is a delegate to the convention
of the Southern California Woman's
Christian Temperance Union, had re
solved that she ould wear no gloves
until a mortgage on the Los Angeles
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Temple was paid.
The debt, which originally amounted
to $30,000. was cleared today by funds
made available from a legacy of $25,000
left by Samuel Little.
: v- 5jNv ... v . jar i : jrt
5 & ' t'
FLORAL PARADE IS
All Express Wonder at
Beauty of Pageant.
NATURE'S BEST IS OFFERED
Washington High School Car
Takes First Honors.
SUBMARINE PRIZE WINNER
Tillicums lYom Seattle Participate,
Acting With Hosarians as Escort
to Queen and Maids-r-S. Ben
son Is Grand Marshal.
When they named it the floral parade
they named it right.
No other word properly can describe
that "long line of languid loveliness"
produced by the Rose Festival directors
yesterday, but tnat one word describes '
It was a floral parade in every par
ticular. There was nothing in it that
didn't bear a wholesome, substantial
and pleasing reminder that Portland
now Is Indulging In its annual floral
Floral Dlaplay I.avinh.
Roses predominated, of course, but
all the other floral gifts that nature
has spread over this Portland country
with such a lavish hand were dis
played In charming profusion.
Gaily colored traps, carriages, sur
reys and runabouts drawn by prancing
horses competed for high honors, and
the crowd's approval with the latest
designs in motor-driven vehicles.
A score of Are companies, with their
apparatus groaning under their burdens
of flowers, blended perfectly into the
picture. The elaborately bedecked
entries of schools and churches fol
lowed the long line of handsome cre
ations prepared by Individual machine
ScSiool Car Wins Prlxe.
The touring car entered iu th
organizations' section by Washington
High School, which won the sweep
stakes prize, was decked In blue lark
spurs and lupins on the body. In the
middle of the car rose like a floral
fountain nodding garlands of brilliant
iOoncluded on Page C, Column 1.)
CONDENSED ROSE FESTIVAL
I'ltOGIt A.MMU FOR TODAY.
8:30 to 9:30 A: M. Concert in
9 to 10 A. M. Band concerts in
10 to la A. M. Reception of
cruiser South Dakota.
10.30 A. JI. Prosperity parade
over following route: Forming on
Fpurteenth street south of Salmon,
on Fourteenth to Morrison to
Tenth, to Alder, to Broadway, to
Taylor, to West Park, to Jeffer
son, to Park, to Salmon, to Sixth,
to Morrison, to Fourth, to Taylor.
. n T3tHA T.. .1- .
I Alder, to Sixth, to Washington.
J to Fifth, to Pine, to Broadway, to
Washington, to Tenth, to Stark,
f to Thirteenth and disband.
12 to 2 P. M. Band concerts in
J principal business street and ho-
t 1 to 5 P. M. rieceptioii on
I United States cruiser South Da-
I 2 to 3 P. M. Reception to
Governor Wlthycombe and Queen
Sybil on United States cruiser
I 2 P. M Track and field meet at
J Multnomah Field.
I 2:30 P. M. Harmony choral
t concert at Festival Center.
I 3 P. M. Five-mile marathon
J through city streets, starting at
J 3 to P. M. Reception to pub-
J lie on cruiser Boston.
t3:30 P. M. Grand Army quar
tct in Festival Center.
S3 to 4 P. M. Band concerts in
4:30 P. M. Amphion Male Cho-
run at Festival Center.
J 6 p. M. Ad Club quartet at
f principal hotels.
k 6 to 8 P. M. Concert at Port-
A 6:30 to 8:30 P. M. Band oon-
certs at Festival Center and in
7:30 P. M. Concert by St.
4 James' Church choir at Broad
J way and Tamhill.
4 9 P. M. Klectrlo parade over
following route: Start at Wash-
lngton and Twenty-third, on
t Washington to Nineteenth. to
! Morrison, to Third, to Glisan, to
Fifth, to Washington, to Twenty-
9:30 to 11:30 P. M. Blackfeet
Indian dances on Festival Center.
10 to 11 P. M. Band concerts
in business districts.
10 to 11 P. M -Public dancing
on Columbia, West Park and
Detailed programme on another