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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 3, 1915)
THE MORNING OliEGONIAN. THURSDAY, JUNE 3, 1913.
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY. J KSB 3, M15.
After two years of anarchy in Mex
ico. President "Wilson has discovered
th.it the United States has a. duty to
that country beyond watchful waiting
for it to tettle its own troubles. He
now recognizes that the American
people dare not Bit idly by while the
.Mexican people and the . Americans
and other foreigners within their
boundaries are slain by bands of
armed men who, in the much-abused
name of liberty and patriotism, 6trive
for the exclusive privilege of preying
upon helpless men, women and chil
dren. He warns the leaders of these
4'and.s that, unless a government is
soon established which can save Mex
ico, the United States will do some
thing; to rescue that unhapy country
In order to have a clear understand
ing of the causes of the situation
which the President thus aims to rem
edy, it is necessary to review the
events of the last two years and
more. Jladcro had no sooner been
installed as President than revolt
broke out among his followers. Orozco
led the rebellion and Huerta. one of
Dlazl generals, went In a halfhearted
way about suppressing lt He defeat
ed and dispersed Orozco's army, but
did not follow up the guerrilla bands
into which it dissolved. Felix Diaz led
a new revolt in, Mexico City itself,
and, after fighting him for ten days,
Huerta went over to him and made
Madero prisoner, then procured his
own election as provisional President.
Madero was murdered tt few days
later, and Huerta was accused of
prompting: the crime, but it was never
brought home to him.
Huerta was then In control of the
government and his authority was un
disputed in all parts of the republic
except the small sections where Za
pata had continued in revolt during
Madero's term and where Carranza
raised the standard of revolution.
Mr. Wilson refused to recognize him
bMauso he had not been constitution
ally elected, though no President
sinco Mexico became a republic had
been so elected, with the possible ex
ception of Madero. The Carranza re
volt spread in the north with the
scarce veiled sympathy of the United
Slates Government. John Lind was
sent to Mexico for the purpose of in
ducing Huerta to abdicate, but his
mission failed. The embargo on ex
port of arms to Mexico was lifted,
enabling the rebels to extend their
rule to the southward. Refusal to rec
ognize Huerta hampered him in ob
taining arms and funds. His support
ers became embittered and many out
rages on Americans resulted.
Arrest of a boat's crew from an
American warship at Tampico was the
outcome of this feeling. The men
were soon released, but Admiral
Mayo, in command of the squadron,
demanded that the American flag be
formally saluted. The demand was
reiterated by the President, and, when
it was refused, an armed expedition
was sent, not to Tampico, but to Vera
Cruz. After a sharp skirmish, in
which about a score of Americans
were killed and over a hundred
wounded, the city was occupied. It
then developed that this action had
been hastened to prevent the landing
of a cargo of arms for Huerta by the
German steamship Yplranga. This
ship could only be prevented from
landing its cargo at other ports by the
proclamation of a blockade, which
would have established a state of war.
Mr. Wilson studiously avoided such
extremes, and the arms were landed
at another port. Although Carranza
said he would join Huerta to resist
armed American intervention. Secre
tary Bryan, opposed reimposition of
the embargo on arms, and only after
some friction was it reimposed by Sec
Mediation by Argentina, Brazil and
Chile resulted in the ABC confer
ence at Niagara Falls, which accom
plished nothing practical. It did not
secure the salute to the American flag,
for before it ended Huerta suffered a
scries of defeats and fled from Mex
ico. Carranza then occupied Mexico
City and a convention of generals met
at Aguas Calientes to elect a tempor
ary President. The choice not falling
upon him, Carranza refused to recog
nize Gutierrez, who was elected. He
evacuated Mexico City and civil war
was renewed between him and "Villa,
his best general, aided by Zapata. The
American troops evacuated Vera Cruz
on November 23. 1914, and Carranza
made that city his temporary capital.
Gutierrez not having proved pliable
enough, Villa set up another tempor
ary President and finally- proclaimed
himself ruler until an election could
be held. But Carranza has been
strengthened by the accession of the
Diaz faction, and his armies have won
several victories over Villa, but nei
ther leader feels strong enough to oc
cupy and hold the capital.
Throughout these convulsions all
semblance of law seems to have disap
peared. Hundreds of Americans and
other foreigners have been murdered
and ma.ny more have been robbed.
Priests and nuns have baen slain, tor
tured, foully abused and robbed, and
churches have been pillaged and de
filed. Crops have been destroyed or
liayc not been planted, and livestock
has been slaughtered or exported. The
people of Mexico City have been
driven to riot by hunger, and food im
ported by the international relief com
mittee has been seized by the troops.
A condition exists similar to that of
Belgium before the Relief Commis
sion undertook to feed the people.
From the day when Mr. Wilson re
fused to recognize Huerta as ruler in
fact over Mexico, he rendered the
present situation inevitable and he
rendered American intervention
equally inevitable. That Is the opin
ion expressed by The Oregonian near
ly two years, ago: it is the opinion we
have since reiterated at frequent in
tervals with stronger emphasis, and it
Is the opinion we hold-today. We
have declared that the treatment
given Huerta" by the United States was
in fact, though not in name, interven
tion. We foresaw that the triumph
of Carranza would be followed by di
vision in his ranks, as it was. We see
no ground for hope that, if either he
or Villa or Zapata should triumph,
new division would not breed new
war, or that the process would not be
repeated until the ruin and devasta
tion of Mexico was followed by de
population through starvation or
tlight. There is no prospect that the
President's exhortation will bring the
rival leaders together; they would
never unite except to prevent or re
sist armed intervention, and they
would quarrel again as soon as that
When the President undermined the
strength of Huerta he destroyed the
only hope of bringing tranquillity to
Mexico without outside aid. He re
duced the republic to the alternative
between the now existing anarchy and
starvation on the one hand and for
eign intervention on the other hand.
If the United States does not inter
vene now, it rtMist do so as soon as the
European war ends or. must permit
the victor' in that war to intervene.
The President imposed this duty upon
us by his pacific intervention. It can
not be escaped.
MKTKK 'KM ALL.
The essence of public service is that
it shall bo available to every citizen
according to his reasonable needs, and
not according to what he pays. Yet
here comes along a socialistic City
Commissioner and turns inside out
his own theories in order to sell water
by the gallon. Denying his socialistic
doctrines, he says the only fair and
economical system is to make the
consumer pay for what he gets. So
ho would put in meters, to limit the
free flow and generous and desirable
use of our immense water suply.
Very well. !Let us have a fair divi
sion of the advantages of government
according to the ability of the bene
ficiaries to pay for It.
The courts are paid for out of the
public funds. Let them be supported
by the litigants.
The streets are traveled by all
alike. Let us forbid their use by all
who have not paid for them. Or let
us impose a mileage rate upon all
tra f f ic.
The bridges are all free. Why
should citizens who do not cross the
river pay to build or maintain them?
We have public schools. Let us
meter them, so that the poor man
with six children will pay six times
as much as the rich man with one
We have water enough for all,
twice over; 'and the quantities avail
able in the mountains are inexhaust
ible. Yet to prevent one man using
a pint more than another, without
any penalty, we propose to padlock
the entire supply and set inspectors on
him to check him up. Rather than
give him the surplus, we will let it rtfn
off Into the sewers.
A ,OOt TOWN t'OR CHILDREN.
The current news contains an ac
count of the good luck of Winfield,
Kan., which has won a thousand dol
lars as a prize for being the best town
the state has in which to bring up
children. The reason for Wintield's
pre-eminence in this important par
ticular is not given in the reports, but
we suppose it is a. good one. We
imagine that Winfield has a number
of thriving churches, excellent public
schools, no vile resorts, clean streets
and a good system of public hygiene.
All these conditions are essential for
the well being of children. Others
are equally necessary. For example.
it is desirable that the parents of the
children should be intelligent and well
informed on such subjects as whole
some food, family discipline and the
proper hours for rest and sleep. Many
a promising boy has been broken
down in health by lack of sleep. His
mistaken father imagined that it was
a moral duty to drag him out of bed
betimes in the morning when nature
demanded that he should sleep an
hour or two longer. In such contests
nature always comes out ahead even
at the cost of destroying the boy.
Xo town can be an ideal place for
bringing up children, or for adults to
dwell in, unless it has adequate pro
vision for recreation. The want of
this provision is one of the saddest
defects of village life. It is seldom
properly attended to, even in cities.
Many country towns are pestered by
the heathenish belief that amusement
is detrimental to morals. In reality
there can be no sound morality for
young people without it. The popu
lar prejudice against dancing, amateur
theatricals and other wholesome rec
reations has done an infinite amount
of harm. The rural clergy should
hasten to remedy this unfortunate
state of mind among their charges.
The village minister can do as much
as all other agencies combined to
promote that healthful spirit of play
which preserves the vigor of the body
and the moral tone of the mind. No
town is a good place for children and
youths as long- as recreation has to be
sought in dives or under the reproba
tion of the "moral element."
RABBI WISE AND WAR.
Rabbi Wise's flippant comments on
the celebration of Memorial day do no
credit to his judgment. When his
friends read his letter in The Orego
nian today it will not surprise us if
they wish he had stayed on his fishing
trip until his sophomoric effervescence
found some other outlet. Rabbi Wise
lives in a country of free speech and
he is. therefore permitted to refer to
one of our great National holidays as
"an unusually flamboyant scalp
dance." He may call our loyalty to
the President and the ideals of the
country "rot," and speak of its ex
pression as "a fraudulent and spuri
ous set of platitudes." The convic
tion that the country is in a critical
political position he may say is "a
blatant lie." The liberty to insult the
American people is part of that heri
tage of freedom which the American
people have won and presented to all
who choose to live here. Rabbi Wise
may, without any personal danger,
ridicule and despise the reverence we
feel for the heroes of the great strug
gles that bought this privilege. That
is part of the privilege. If ho lived
In some other countries, particularly
in one that he seems greatly to ad
mire, his conduct would hardly be
dealt with so mildly.
When Rabbi Wise is older and less
puffed up with the conceit of infalli
bility, he will probably regret his un
warranted sneers at Italy and the
Italians. The young lady graduate
who wondered that "one head could
contain all she knew" might envy the
extent of his apparent ignorance con
cerning that country. To Rabbi Wise
Italy is "the home of poverty, illit
eracy and organized banditti." To all
who know the rudiments of current
history it is the land of intelligent
co-operation, of wonderful advances in
popular education and of high na
tional ideals. If its people have gone
into the war without just cause, we
could easily name others who have
done the same, though they have not
provoked Rabbi Wise's ire. He takes
in his letter the stand of a thorough
going materialist. We do not blame
him for this. It is his right if he
wishes to do so. We merely wonder
at it a little. National honor as he
conceives it consists of physical com
fort, and nothing more. As long as
the people are permitted by their
conquerors to devour their daily por
tion of "pigwash," as Carlyle called it,
they need not care what else happens
to them. Rabbi Wise does not appear
to see anything regrettable in the
Hptritual death of a nation, the ruin
of its ideals and the destruction of its
soul life. The main thing is to avoid
war and its horrors, which seem to
appeal to Rabbi Wise with singular
force. It may not be out of place to
remind him that men as good and
bright aa he is have endured all those
horrors without shrinking, for the
sake of the ideals thes- held dearer
than life. It Is no particular credit to
a man that he prefers his own safety
to everything else in the world.
. What is a nation to do when it is
attacked and threatened with the hor
rors of invasion? Shall it lie down
and beg mercy from the invader?
When a monarch poes on the warpath
for what he can make out of fighting,
is he likely to be moved by pleas for
mercy? Will such pleas Stay him
from "destroying all the intellectual
and moral resources of the con
quered"? We confess frankly that. In
our opinion, when a war party makes
itself the common foe of mankind and
threatens the civilization of the world
with ruin, the only wise and safe
course is to extirpate it as we would
extirpate a den of ravening wolves.
Nobody but a hopeless fool would try
to make peace with a rattlesnake or
a mad dog. It is recorded that St.
Francis preached to the birds, but we
do not learn that he converted any
vultures from their old habit of mur
dering doves. Rabbi Wise might have
better luck, but we beg leave to
LOADING BOtra THE TAXPAYER.
Reverting again to the odorous sub
ject of garbage, it is well enough for
the public to take some time to con
sider the expensive and unnecessary
Daly project of universal garbage col
lection. Nobody is to pay anything
nobody but the disheartened taxpayer.
Of course there is to be a special
charge against hotels and the like:
but for household collection, six or
more handsome automobiles and a
large crew of paid city helpers are to
do the work. It will cost $75,000 to
install the system, and an uncertain
amount to maintain it. Commlssio: ;r
Daly has a hazy idea that it will cost
$125,000 per year, though Seattle
pays $175,000 or more annually for
the same service.
We have a single Portland crema
tory, or incinerator, which appears to
bo taking care of the garbage now
collected privately. Undoubtedly, un
der the Daly scheme, the quantity will
be heavily increased, for everybody
will then contribute. There will be
precious little private disposal of
refuse. It will all be gratefully turned
over to the city. Then, of course, we
shall have to build and operate that
More incinerators, more garbage,
more jobs, more expense all will
happen under the municipal collection
The taxpayer, now struggling and
groaning under his heavy burden, will
foot the bill.
AUSTRALIANS' BRILLIANT FEAT,
The British colonial troops have
pushed themselves to the front in the
fighting, both In Flanders and on the
Dardanelles. The thrilling story of
how the Canadians held the British
left near Ypres, when poisonous gas
drove back the French and left the
flank exposed, is equaled by the story
of how the Australians and New Zea
landers gained a foothold on the Gal
lipoli Peninsula and drove back the
Turks until they held the command
ing heights. The brief official dis
patches give but a faint conception of
the dangers faced and overcome with
indomitable pluck by the men from
At 2:05 A. M., on April 2 5, three
transports under convoy of battle
ships each embarked troops On four
small boats, which were towed to the
beach north of Gaba Tepe by steam
pinnaces, which ' were followed by
seven destroyers carrying more Aus
tralians. The boats had almost
reached the beach a few minutes be
fore 5 o'clock when a terrible fusil
lade from rifles and a Maxim gun was
opened by Turks intrenched almost
on the shore. Without awaiting or
ders, the Australians leaped into the
sea. waded ashore, formed a rough
line, and, not waiting to load their
rifles, rushed at the Turks with the
bayonet killed them or put them to
flight and captured the Maxim in one
minute. From a second trench half
way up a perpendicular cliff of loose
sandstone the Turks poured in a ter
rible fire on the advanced party and
on the boats which "were pulling back
to the destro3"ers for a second party.
The Australians dropped their packs,
loaded their magazines, scaled the
cliffs and in fifteen minutes drove
out the Turks with the bayonet.
The landing had been made be
neath a ridge which stretches north
from Gaba Tepe and culminates in
the height of Coja Chemen, 950 feet
above the sea. The ridge forms a
triangle of hills, valleys and bluffs, as
described by the London Times corre
spondent, which stretches across the
peninsula to the Bay of Bassl Liman
above the Narrows. Supported by a
heavy- fire from the warships at day
light, the Australians gained the top
of the ridge and firmly established
themselves, thus covering the disem
barkation of the rest of the troops.
But the Australians were not content
to sit still. They pushed north and
east over broken country until the
Turks iwere reinforced and made a
counter-attack, which caused them to
fall back to the main ridge. There
they held their ground throughout
the afternoon, continually reinforced
from the beach. But the Turks now
enfiladed the beach with, two field
guns from Gaba Tepe and two on the
north and swept the invaders' posi
tions with shrapnel, causing heavy
loss. These guns were finally silenced
by fire from a cruiser, but towards
night the Turkish attacks became
more vigorous and were supported by
heavy artillery so far inland that the
ships' guns could not reply to it. The
position on the ridge was -contracted
in order to secure it until morning.
All water, ammunition and supplies
had to be carried up pathless hills to
he firing line, and the troops both at
the front and on the beach wre ex
posed to ceaseless shrapnel fire, much
of which, however, was badly aimed.
During the night the Turks were
heavily reinforced 'and on the morn
ing of April 26 made a violent assault,
preceded by constant sniping, and
reaching its climax in heavy rifle and
machine-gun fire. Seven British war
ships moved close in and, aided by
the Queen Elizabeth, farther out,
opened a furious fire on the advanc
ing Turks. Much of the fire was in
direct and the Turks continued their
advance, while their artillery kept up
a continual fire, even trying to drive
off the ships, and snipers picked off
officers. After two hours of fighting
the colonials suddenly m'adeva bayo
net charge, before which the Turks
broke and fled amid a furious fire
from the ships. The Turks made no
further attack that day, though they
continued shrapnel fire, and the Aus
tralians Intrenched securely. Sniping
continued all night, but the Turks
only pressed orle attack home when
the New Zealanders drove them off In
disorder with the bayonet. The next
morning field guns and mountain bat
teries were landed. The Turks also
brought up more field guns and bom
barded both the shore and the trans
ports, while the warships checked
every attempt of the infantry to ad
vance, a hydroplane directing their
fire. Heavy guns were fired from the
other side of the peninsula and from
a ship which lay- in the straits, but no
damage was done) to the ships and the
colonials had secured a firm hold on
Suppose when the war is over Bel
gium should apply for admission to
the United States. Should wo take
her in? Suppose France should' ap
ply?. The Belgians are said to be
almost ready to take the step. The
"Federation of the World" may bo
nearer than we think. The defect of
the "world court" Is its non-repre
sentative character. Federation would
work better, as the United States has
The new president of Johns Hop
kins, Dr. Frank Johnson Goodnow,
made the obligation of service the
keynote of his inaugural address. To
the college and its graduates much
has been given and therefore much
shall be required of them. Our col
lege men since Webster's day have
rather shirked public service. They
must take up the burden again, for
they are sorely needed.
The controversy between Chairman
Walsh, of the Industrial Relations
Commission, and John D. Rockefeller,
Jr., seems to have settled down to a
question of how loud Mackenzie King
talked. If 'he talked loud he was
boasting; if he talked in subdued
tones he was confessing, says Mr.
Walsh. The settlement of the dispute
depends on the keenness of Mr.
The Orange, published by the Cor
vallis students, is bigger than ever
this year. Its growth keeps pace with
the college and displays the varied
usefulness of that great institution.
The students pay all the cost of the
Orange from'subscriptions and adver
tising. The annual is worthy of the
young people who publish it.
People think bank officials have
easy hours, with big . pay, handling
other people's money; but here is the
case of the cashier of a National bank
at Newmarket, Va, who was paid
19.50 a weak and embezzled $2000 to
support his family.
Receipts of veal in this market in
dicate that too many calves are being
killed. On most Oregon farms the
animal can pick its. living until a 2-year-old
and what he brings is nearly
A movio show in Warsaw was bom
barded and women and children
killed and injured yesterday. Why,
by the way, are people in the war
zone attending moving picture shows?
If it is the Russian idea to swamp
Germany with prisoners, the attempt
may succeed, for more than 300.000
were captured last month. To feed
that many must be a big expense.
The Atlantic fleet will not visit
these shores, after all the talk and
making of programmes. One of these
days there will be a Pacific fleet and
we will all have glory.
Whenever the Spokane holdup, man
needs a little ready cash he Just drops
in at "the office of the Citizens' Sav
ings &' Loan Society and takes it from
Motorboating following a house
party in which whisky is a chief at
traction has the advantage over joy
riding; only those concerned lose
One simply lhas to grin at the man
who hid all his money in the gas
heater and left his home to the paint
ers, who needed hot water. They did
the rest. .
A New JYork brewer who died a
week ago left $20,000,000. Why do
brewers die rich? It may be because
their business is based on 5-cent sales.
Have you invited upstate friends
for next week? Portland-can afford
to "sleep as thick as three in a bed"
once a year on this occasion.
There Is always some new excuse
to keep the battle fleet out of the Pa
cific Ocean. We may yet provoke a
naval war to bring it here.
The movement to grade eggs in this
market is long overdue. The buyer
paying for "henneries" and not get
ting them is losing faith.
Why not forget the trouble, in the
Police Band for a few weeks? There
is Rose Festival music due next week.
One thing is certain in this city of
fans. Once the weather is settled,
there will be crowds at all games.
Portland cannot compare with New
York in quantity of people, but con
sider the quality.
If San Marino shall join the allies,
the cause of Germany would be irre
Somebody will step on the republic
of San Marino some dark night.
Sebastian has been scandalized into
the Mayoralty of Los Angeles.
Is everybody wearing a rose?
Stars and Starmakers
BY LEONE CASS BAER.
MRS. CARMAN says she will retire
from the stage just as soon as
she is out of debt. Well, there wouldn't
be many retired actors if they all
waited that long.
The actress who sued the producer
for alleged breach of oral contract
ought to take a lesson from the man
who got himself all broken ufj trying
to cash a blank check.
The new dresses are said to "show
the development of dressmaking art."
And that isn't all they show.
Billle Burke says she will not accept
any offers for motion-picture work un
til she has made arrangements for a.
new play for next season. It was an
nounced last week that Miss Burke
had signed a contract to pose for pic
tures with the New York. Motion Pic
ture Comparjy. She denies that she has
signed any such contract, and makes
the further statement that she will not
sign any contract for picture work for
Miss Burke opens her Heilig engage
ment tonight in "Jerry."
Probably the most important thing
Eugenia Kelley has said is that she
positively will not enter vaudeville.
At the conclusion of the all-star pro
duction of "Trilby" at the Shubert The
ater on Saturday night, June 5, Joseph
Brooks has arranged for a short tour
in Eastern Canada for Phyllis Neilson
Terry in "The Adventure of Lady Ur
sula," the play by Anthony Hope in
which she was seen earlier in the sea
son. Of the other stars, Taylor Holmes
win begin work on a new play in which
ho will be starred next season by Mr.
Brooks and which will be seen early in
August; George MaeFarlane. who is
also to be starred next season by Mr.
Brooks, will probably accompany Miss
Neilson-Terry on the Canadian tour;
Rose Coghlan will go to L03 Angeles,
where she will act in a number of motion-picture
plays; Leo Ditrichstein will
go to his country estate at Stamford,
where he will finish a new play on
which he has been at work for several
weeks, and Brandon Tynan will join
the company which is presenting his
new play under the direction of James
"Actors are tired," says a headline.
Tired of work or of Just being actors?
It has just been learned that Mrs.
Kzra Kendall, widow of trie famous
Cleveland actor, was secretly married to
Jesse Calkins, character actor in the
"Old Homestead" company, last March.
The company was playing Cleveland
on that date and Mrs. Kendall, who was
in the cast under her maiden name of
Jennie Dunn, and Calkins went to the
office of Justice Murphy, who tied
They decided to keep the wedding a
Secret for a few days, and friends have
just learned of it. Mrs. Kendall is 45
and Calkins is 31. Mrs. Kendall has six
children and one grandchild. Mr. Ken
t'.all died in January, 1910,
Read the advertisement of a "won
derful screen version of Sunday" and
got half way through it before I dis
covered that it wasn't Billy. It's one
of Kthel Barrymore's old plays, "Sun
Edgar Allan Woolf's romantic com
edy, "Master Willie Hewes," will be
produced by Oliver Morosco at the
Burbank Theater, Los Angeles, on June
13. Frank Kemble Cooper, the English
stage director now in this country, has
been engaged to stage the production,
and Marjorie Rambe,au has been as
signed the leading role.
-The play in which Laurette Taylor
will celebrate her return to the Amer
ican stage next season is "Happiness,"
writen by her husband, J. Irartley Man
ners. During her last engagement In New
York In "Peg o" My Heart," Miss Tay
lor appeared at a special performance
in a one-act play called "Happiness"
and she was also seen recently in it at
a benefit performance of the American
Women's War Hospital in London. It
is upon that playlet, reciting the story
of Jenny, a millinery drudge who rises
to become a modiste of international
renown, that the new play is fashioned.
Miss Taylor will return to America
after the end of her run in London in
"Peg o' My Heart," and her engage
ment in "Happiness" will begin in Chi
cago. Whatever its success, she will
be seen during the year in other plays.
The theatrical world generally, and
particularly in the vaudeville division,
will be interested to know that hence
forth Florence Moore, of the team of
Montgomery and Moore, will go it
alone. She has signed a, contract for
a number of years with rhilip Bar
tholomae, who expects later on to star
her in a play from his own pen.
Montgomery and Moore have been
headliners in vaudeville for a number
of years. Miss Moore being accredited
one of the funniest comediennes in
vaudeville. Rumors of the dissolution
of the pair have been current for sev
eral months, and they received fresh
impetus a week ago, when Montgom
ery and Moore were engaged to re
place Eva Tangua-y at the Palace in an
emergency and failed to respond.
Miss Moore will appear with "Maid in
America" at the Palace Theater, Chi
cago, for the present. It will be Jan
uary before New York will see her in
Mr. Bartholomae's new musical com
edy". Wedding on the Sa.
ILWACO, Wash.. May 31. (To the
Editor.) In a recent issue of The Ore
gonian I noticed an article, "Waves
Delay Wedding." Can a party who has
been divorced in Oregon ret married
at sea outside the three-mile limit be
fore the expiration of six months, then
return to and live in Oregon without
violating the law? Please answer
through your paper. F. A. C.
A. Such person would not be legally
married, although the offense is not
a criminal one. A divorce is not con
sidered complete until six months have
Lnion Depot Location.
CARLISLE. Wash., May 31. (To the
Editor.) Will you please tell me on
what streets the Union Depot, Port
land, is., "T"
Does the Morrison-street bridge
swing or lift? JACK ALLEN.
The Union Station is on Sixth and
The Morrison-street bridge draw
RABBI WISE ON TBY1XO TIMES
After Fishing Oatlng, Country's Immi
nent Crisis Annoys Htm.
PORTLAND, June 1. (To the Editor.)
Decoration day is such a fine holiday
that I dislike marring it with a note
that may spoil the harmony. Upon
returning front a fishing trip, with no
fish, I found your valued paper to hand
and perused it with my usual solicitous
curiosity. Amongst tho details of
maimed, marred and miserable, I found
and read extracts from some Decora
tion day declamations. I
During my piscatorial peregrinations
I was at peace. Barring the annoy
ances of. bramble scratches, underdone
fried potatoes, cold sleeping quarters,
gnats, mosquitoes and such trifles I had
repose, but no fish. Imagine my annoy
ance at returning from the humble re
pose of ichthyoiogical if not theological
isolation to find that my fellow civil
ized citizens had been having an un
usually flamboyant scalp dance.
It seems to me that all that rot about
fighting and standing behind the Presi
dent makes poor decorative material.
How a crowd of sane men and women
can listen to such a fraudulent and
spurious set of platitudes is more than
1 can understand. The burden of the
orators was that America is in a criti
cal political position. What a face
tious but blatant lie! People ehould
not joke about serious matters. Look,
at the horrible example Italy has set
us. The Italian people was bedeviled
into a bellicose attitude by cheap ora
tors and by apostles of piffle, like
D'Annunitio, who is a poet and wants
to see humanity with its entrails ex
posed like Homer did. The Italians were
told their national honor demanded
war, especially now that it looks like
war will pay in more property. That
is a low and cheap lie in Italy as it is
in America. The National honor de
mands justice to man and woman, the
right to life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness, the privilege of honest work,
the prospect of .working the soil in one's
own name, the abolition of poverty
and economic slavery. Aside from that
there is no National honor any more
than there is a National shoulder to
knock chips off. Italy is the home of
poverty, illiteracy, organized banditti
and the greatest exporter of excess hu
manity in the world. A drunken bum
who is insulted if you will not drink
with him haft the same setute of hotior
as a nation, boozy with poverty, ignor
ance and excess human garbage; ex
cepting the fact that a drunken bum
will not steal, he is profanely and
vociferously a person of unsullied vir
tue, an alcoholically purified Sir Galn
hed but a nation is not so particular.
While its neighbor is lighting robbers
in front your nation alongside steals
your back yard. '
Italy was noV only brought into war.
but also to the act of land stealing by
just such twaddle, as our newspapers
and grave ornamentors are pouring out.
War produces some heroes, persons who
haven't an alert sensibility to bullets
or shrapnel. Personally I have no such
immunity. I do not feel that I could
benefit my country by having my bow
els torn out by a Jagged shell. I have
met scores of war heroes, I honor the
dead, mainly because they are so. but i
value none of the pathetic putrescence
that war is at all capable of com
pensating a people by producing a
generation of one-legged, blind, deaf,
idiotic and generally maimed heroes
for the unfortunate production, along
side these desiderata, of war bastards,
murdered women, debauched girls, supply-
contractors, burned towns, idiot
children, bounty jumpers and all the
mess and welter that goes with it.
National honor Is a matter of the
Nation's efficiency ,in providing oppor
tunity for its citizens. Our newspapers
and orators should tell us that and
smother these cheap heroics with real
patriotism and a distinctive American
ism. Not peace at any price, but peace
is the only price. You can't buy honor,
prosperity, happiness or virtue with
hatred, murder, rape, arson "and rob
bery, but you can with work, honesty,
thrift and self-sacrifice. America is
the land of the latter, not the former;
the land not. of war but peace. I ex
pect to go fishing again on the Fourth
of July. What a prospect!
JONAH B. WISE.
METER BURDEN I'SJVST ON FACE
Property Owners Responsible In Way
That la Unfair In Principle.
PORTLAND, June 2. (To the Ed
itor.) This Is the water question as I
1. Property owners are responsible
for every gallon of water furnished
premises owned by them.
2. Property owners constitute the
responsible collection department of the
Water Bureau, for no water is fur
rished premises where water bills re
3. Why should not the tenant, who Is
the consumer be made to pay for the
water he consumes; the water that is
not consumed by the property owner?
4. Property owners are responsible
for all metered water consumed by
5. How does Mr. Daly figure that
each man will pay for the water he con
sumes, when it is charged to the prop
erty and not to their tenants?
6. All men engaged in selling any
commodity make profits as well as suf
fer losses. Property owners do not sell
water, but must suffer all losses not
paid for by the water consumer. Does
Mr. Daly really think that meters will
force each man to pay for what he
consumes under the present laws
framed by him?
7. Why should property owners who
assume the risk of collecting their own
rentals guarantee the water rental,
which Is an additional loss in case of
default by the tenant?
8. Why Is it that the telephone, gas
and light companies do not ask own
ers to guarantee the payment of their
bills for services furnished tenants?
The K-l and the Crest Northern.
CORVALLT8. Or., May 30. (To the
Editor.) Will you please answer
through your question column the fol
1. What has become of the F-4,
United States submarine, that sunk re
cently. Did the Government succeed
in raising her?
2. What has become of the steamer
Great Northern? Why is she not run
ning on the Portland-San Francisco
run? It C. HOL.MAN.
The Government is gradually bring
ing the F-4 into shore and the process
of raising it is proceeding slowly but
surely. The engineers in charge ex
pect to have the craft either raised or
in water shallow enough to allow in
spection in a comparatively short time.
The steamer Great Northern, which
has been tied up for overhauling. Is
about to be put on the schedule be
tween Portland and. San Francisco
Raphael' Itlaflonna Not Shown.
EMA, Wash., June 1. (To the Ed
itor.) Can you tell me, in your col
umns, if Raphael's "Madonna and
Child" was exhibited at the Lewis and
Clark Centennial Exhibition, held in
Portland in 1905? I think I saw it
there, but the fact -was disputed. So I
ask you and thank you in advance for
your kindness in answering me
JENNIE' K. 1IUKD.
The picture in question was not ex
hibited. There was. however, a pic
ture of "Mother and Child." by De For
rest Brush, on exhibition, and. while
there is no real (dmilarity in the work,
there is a similarity in the studv.
Three Costly Thiugs.
Three things arc very costly in this
era: Living, loving and B rad.ua tins,
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian, June 3, 1890.
Although returns from over the state
are very meager, owing to the fact
that a great many scratched tho ticket,
yet the only contest much in doubt is
that between Pennoyer and Thompson
for Governor The Republicans' liava
carried the state with as clean a swerj
in all other offices as was -made by
Hermann two years ago. Tho elec
tion in Portland passed off compara
tively quietly, although several arrests
were made. The front doors of the
saloons were closed, but it appears the
back doors swung to and fro. An at
tempt was made to involve Henry E.
McGinn, Prosecuting Attorney, who
was active among the Democratic
workers, in a vote-buying revelation,
but nothing came of it. although one
man of no standing was willing to
state he had had a dealing with Mc
Ginn. McBride, for Secretary of
State, seems to have the highest ma
jority, having a walkaway from Town
send and Pierce. Metschan, tor Treas
urer. Is havincc a closer race against
Webb and Walker.
Rev. John Hogan, a German preach
er, has selected a larco tract of land
in Linn County, near Albany, for a col
ony of Germans who will arrive at
Castle Garden soon.
William Waldorf Astor is paying
$10,000 each for the illustrations for
Tho reVnlar annual meeting of the
Portland. High School Alumni was held
last night. E. P. Nortlirup was elect
ed president; Miss Minnie Randall,
vice-president.; Mrs. T. G. Green, sec
retary;C. H. Chance, treasurer; W. H.
Dodd. orator: Harold Pllkington. his
torian: Mrs. Captain Fillshury, prophet,
and Samuel Council, poet.
The submarine built and designed
by Coubct. of Franco, has been given- a
trial off Cherbourg. Tho artificial llslt
stayed under tho water, dodging an
chors, dead ships rik! such like for
periods of four to eight hours at a
time. Mr. Uoubct -is studying a play
of mirrors that will permit him when
immersed to perceive within a certain
radius all tho objects rising above the
water and also a combination to pro
tect his compass against the disturbing
influence of the electric motor. The
submarine is named the Goubct.
It was a distinguished party that
gathered at tho foot of Taylor street
yesterday afternoon to take a ride on
the new steamer Altona on her maiden
trip to Oregon City and return and it
was a well-pleased party who some
three hours later walked ashore at the
same dock after a three hours' run to
the city at the falls.
The Portland Woman's Union will
give a ball and flower festival in the
Exposition building on the evening of
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian. June !. 1865.
Tho wealthier classes of the South,
who plunged the country into the hor
rors of the Civil War, are now feeling
the truth and force of the .old adage,
"sorrow tracketh crime."
Captain C. Hopkins, of Fort Van
couver, has advertised that he will re
ceived sealed bids for a supply of fresh
beef for the troops stationed at Fort
The vast extent ofcountry lying be
tween Salmon and Clarke's rivers and
extending from the junction of the
Snake and Columbia to the Rocky
Mountains is now engaging very gen
eral attention. By the discovery of
gold In the Coeur dtAlenca a new im
petus has been directed toward the
country in question.
There are said to be exciting rumors
of the discovery of gold in large quan
tities somewhere not far distant from
San Francisco A. large and enthusi
astic atidience attended the mass meet
ing hold at Piatt's Hall Thursday to
give expression of sympathy for Mexico.
The motto of the Monroe Doctrine was
posted conspicuously in tin; hall, and
every allusion to the Monroe Doctrine
was hailed with applause. The uni
versal feeling was that Maximilian
must leave Mexico.
The rebel Senator Henry S. Footo.
whose only claim to distinction lies in
his wonderful versatility in meanncs.s,
is announced by telegraph as on his
way to California. lie probably
coming to reorganize the "Democratic."
party, a work which Eastern " Drrrc
cratic" papers said would be begun on
Joshua I'. Garlick and Miss Mary I.
Cason, both of East Portland, were
married yesterday at the residence of
the bride's father by Rev. 11. C. Benson.
Wells, Fargo & Co. arc now ready to
deliver the 7-;!0 bonds to those who
have the means at their 'disposal to in
vest in the great National loan.
Major Davenporte has called a meet
ing to further the organization of the
Zouave cadets this evening. The cadets
will present an appearance at the July
4 celebration. "
The friends of W. P. Doland have an
nounced hitTj a candidate' for the office
of City Treasurer.
FOREST GROVE, Or., June 1. (To
tho Editor.) Kindly answer through
1 To whom shall one write to com
pel the owner to take care of his or
Z. To whom shall I write to register
the name of my farm? Atid can there
be more than one farm with the samo
name in a county. SUBSCR1BEK.
1. Write to tho Slate Board of Hor
ticulture, Salem, Or.
2. The Secretary of State. Salem,
will give you the necessary inform;
tion. Air lreurc In the t'auar.
INDEPENDENCE, Or.. May ."0. (To
the Editor.) A recent account of the
operations on tho F-4 stated that it
took 12 minutes for the diver to de
scend to the boat and one hour and 43
minutes to return to the surface.
Will you kindly explain the reason
for the great difference in the length
of time necessary for the descent and
the return? READER.
Briefly, the air pressure on the sur
face of the waler accounts for the fwi'L
Make Your Advertising
Newspaper advertising affords the
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It is possible to select one section
of the rnuiidy for a try-out.
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the selling talk. '
Mistakes can he quickly remedied
so that future success is assured.
No other medium gives this oppor
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