Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LV NO. 17,011.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 3, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Neutrals' Right to Travel
to Be Insisted On.
EARLY ANSWER DEMANDED
Note to Germany to Place
Single Issue Before Ail .
CABINET APPROVES POLICY
Technical Discussion of De
tails Raised by Berlin to
WASHINGTON", June 1. President
Wilson . determined today that the
United States must ascertain definite
ly and promptly from Germany
whether the imperial government in
tends in the future to be guided by
the accepted principles of internation
al law and the rights of neutrals or
to follow its own rules of maritime
The President listened to a varied
expression of opinion at a meeting of
his Cabinet, taking little part in the
discussion himself. Later he began
the preparation of a note to be dis
patched before the end of this week
embodying his own ideas and what
seemed to him the consensus of
'opinion of his official family.
Reply Held Unresponsive.
The verdict of a majority of the
Cabinet was that the German reply
to the American note following the
sinking of the Lusitania was unre
sponsive and unsatisfactory; that it
disregarded the good will of the
United States, doubted its facts and
disclaimed all blame for the destruc
tion of the merchantman with Ameri
The questions of fact raised by Ger
many were regarded as irrelevant at
this time. The trend of opinion was
that the United States must inquire
and obtain an early answer as to
whether Germany intends to recog
nize the hitherto accepted principles
that neutrals may travel anywhere
on the high Beau on unarmed merchant
ships, whether or not such vessels
carry contraband, and that merchant
men which do not resist capture must
be visited and searched and the pas
sengers and crew transferred to a
place of safety before the vessel is
Future Measures Considered.
An unfavorable answer to this in
quiry would lead, it was predicted in
official quarters, to a severance of
diplomatic relations on the ground
that the United States could not con
tinue intercourse with a government
which repudiated these principles.
Steps then would be taken to in
form Americans of the dangers to
which they were exposed, as a result
of this action and such measures as
necessary adopted to safeguard the
lives and interests of citizens of the
Should Germany accept the princi
ple in a way that would constitute a
guarantee for the future, the Ameri
can Government would reiterate its
demand for a "strict accountability"
for violations of this principle and the
killing of Americans in the torpedoing
without warning of the Lusitania.
Definite Decision Reached.
The decision to base the American
note on the principles of international
law, to obtain an affirmative or neg
ative reply and not enter into a tech
nical discussion of details raised in
the German communication, which
avoided the main issues, was the
single development of the Cabinet
Some of the Cabinet members fa
vored even excluding any reference to
the facts asked for by Germany, set
tling first the point as to whether
Germany intended to disregard the
American warning of last February
that it would insist on the exercise
of the right of visit and search with
respect to vessels on which Americans
Delay to Be Avoided.
One Cabinet officer believed the
1 into an investigation of the points
J raised by the German answer, submit-
v -4jing its proof and giving the German
vernment an opportunity to .do like-
(Concluded on Page a, Column L
BRIDE IS WEDDED
GIRL OVERLOOKS NEW HOME
AS CEREMONY PERFORMED.
Miss Violet Brown Becomes Wife of
D. X. Foster at Top of State
House at Salem.
SALEM, Or, June 1. (Special.) In
the domt of Oregon's Capitol, from
which the farm of the bridegroom In
Polk County may be seen. Miss Violet
Brown and Daniel N. Foster were mar
ried today. Many weddings have been
solemnized In the bis state building,
but the one today was the first at the
top of the great brass canopy above
the corridors of the structure.
It was the bride's wish that the
ceremony be performed In the novel
place. She said she wanted to be
where she could see her future home
as she became the wife of Mr. Foster.
Rev. J. M. Hickeon, of this city, per
formed the ceremony, and others pres
ent were the bridegroom's mother, his
sister, Lorraine Foster, and William
Nlchol, a farmer of Polk County.
The wedding- was a secret one, to the
extent that none at the Statehouse,
with the exception of the superintend
ent of the building, who gave permis
sion for the use of the dome, knew
anything of It until long after the party
had departed. Mr. Foster is a well-to-do
farmer. Mrs. Foster's parents also
live in Polk County.
TINY NATION IS WAR POWER
Neutrality of CS Square-Mile State
Means Much to Austria.
ROME, via Paris, June 1. The little
republic of San Marino, 22 square miles
in area, although entirely surrounded
by Italian territory, forms an abso
lutely Independent state. A. serious
discussion is now going- on In this re
public as to whether it shall remain
The question Is more Important than
at first sight. San Marino, standing
on a high mountain a few miles from
Rimini, dominates the Adriatic. If it
continues neutral Austrian aeroplanes,
in time of need, could take refuge
there, repair, take on new supplies
and return home. This would not be
possible if San Marino joined wtih
Italy in the war.
LONE ROBBER GETS $500
Savings and Loan Society in Heart
of Spokane Looted at Noon.
SPOKANE, Wash., June 1. A lone
robber entered the office of the Citi
zens Savings & Loan Society at noon
today, backed the bookkeeper, George
F. Preston, into a rear room and es
caped with $500. The robber carried
two revolvers, which he pointed at
Preston, who was alone in the office,
located on the street floor of the larg
est office building in tne city.
As soon as he obtained the money
the robber backed into the street and
mingled with the crowd on the street.
The office of the society has been
robbed twice within three months in
the same manner.
BIG FREIGHTER IS SAVED
Sister Ship Conducts Seward to Cor
dova After Cargo Shifts.
SEATTLE, June 1. The agent of the
Alaska Steamship Company reports
that the copper ore cargo of the com
pany's big freighter Seward shifted last I
night off Cape Hinchinbrook, causing
the vessel to head for Cordova, where
she arrived safely, convoyed by her
sister ship, the Cordova. No damage
SEWARD, Alaska, May 31. A wire
less message from the steamship Mari
posa, en route from Valdess to Seward,
doing to assistance of steamer
BOY ADRIFT ON BAY SAVED
Yaquina Coast Guard Rescues S-Year-Old
Lad Two Miles Out.
NEWPORT. Or.. June 1. (Special. )-
Rich Chatterton. a member of Yaquina
Bay Coast Guard, rescued the 0-year-
old son of J. "". Flowers, of Newport,
today by overtaking a drifting row-
boat in a launch.
The child had clambered into the
boat, cut the lines and had drifted two
miles on the bay rrith the tide. The
rowboat probably would have upset
when rough water was reached.
NEW YORK CENSUS BEGINS
City's Population Believed to Be
5,806,532; State's, 10,250,000.
NEW YORK, June 1. Six thousand
enumerators began today a decennial
census of the population of New York
State under the direction of the Secre
tary of State. It was estimated the
count would show a total of 10,250,000,
as compared with 9,113,611 in 1910.
The population of New York City was!
estimated at 5,806.532, as compared
with 4,766,883 in 1910.
WAR SHOWS IN BIRTH RATE
Number in Paris In May Less Tlian
Half That of Year Ago.
PARIS. June 1. Births are beginning
to show the effects of the war.
According to the statistics for Paris
there were 1850 births in May, the 10th
month of the war, as compared with
3890 in the same month last year.
TO ITS WOUNDED
Germany Thorough in
Care of Heroes. '
ENTERTAINMENT IS PROVIDED
Life in Cities of Empire Con
tinues Almost Normal.
PRICES LITTLE HIGHER
Bennett Says Feeling Toward Amer
icans Is Undergoing Change, but
May Be More Plainly Mani
fest After War Is Over.
BT JAMES O'DCNVELL BENNETT.
Copyrlght. 3915, by the Chicago Tribune.
Published by agreement.)
KOBLENTZ, Germany, May 7. It was
a wonderful experience to fare from
silent, smoldering French villages into
the peace and sunshine of the valleys
of the Mosel and the Rhine.
After being stuffed to sickness of
soul and body with the squalor and
devastation of war, we- turned the car
eastward and glided away from all
that toward the things that assuage
and ameliorate, the things that help
to keep alive one's faith in the race.
From Metz we traveled by auto down
the banks cf the Mosel through an
cient Trier to Koblentz, and all along
those peaceful ways we . caught
glimpses, of the old, old finale to man's
warmaking and adventuring the sight
of the bruised and broken lads who
had come home to be made well again.
. Often we could see an old mother
tottering from the cottage door to the
arbor to minister to hr boy where he
lay in the sunshine. But more often
the government has gathered the sons
of a thousand mothers in some villa
or seminary and is playing a mother's
role to them.
Nation Pet" Its Wounded.
It is so here at Koblentz under the
shadow of Ehrenbreiten. where the
Mosel comes to join the Rhine, and it
is so all the way down the Khine to
And Germany mothers her wounded
to the point of doting. Even the after
math of war can produce a cheerful
sight, and there is none more serene
and homelike than the sight of the
convalescents, who are petted to their
heart's content, sunning themselves
these beautiful Spring days on the
lawns or In front of private or govern
ment buildings which have been con
verted into hospitals.
The soldiers wear a kind of com
bination uniform of pajamas made of
washable fabric of blue and white
stripes. Superb gardens are their play
ground. The Rhine flows at their feet.
The blue Drachenfels guard the hori
Many of them are making their con
valescence in places that contain - pic
tures galleries which were once points
(concluded on raje , column i. city uouncn. is assureu. (Concluded on Page 2, Column 3.)
f THE COLLAPSE OF WATCHFUL WAITING. i
I : i
I f r " 7TTT : ' iTTT.n amitv UOPlTAll !
1 1 : 1
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YSSTERDATS Maximum temperature, 66.2
degrees; iminlmum, 61.5 degrees.
TODAY'S Wednesday fair, northwest winds.
Forty thousand Turks lost defending Dar
da.rda.ne lies. Page 2.
Stry and 9000 Russians captured by A astro
Germ an a. Page 2.
Italy regards entry of Rouxnania and ' Bui
pari a into war as accomplished fact.
Germany pampers its wounded on vast scale.
French eye witness describes capture of Im
portant position near Arras. Page 2.
Cabinet gives final approval to new policy
toward Mexico. Page X.
Supreme- Court rules Mississippi anti-fraternity
law Is constitutional. Page 4.
Wilson to Insist that ' Germany declare
whether It will be guided by international
law governing rights of neutrals on high
seas. Pago 1.
Pacific cmlse of Atlantic fleet definitely
abandoned. Pago 1.
W. Mackenzie King says Chairman Walsh
seeks to create prejudice in Federal labor
investigation. Page 3.
Christian denies that he has been released
by Oakland. Page 16.
"Smoky Joe" Wood beats Tanks In great
13-inuing game. Page 17.
Braves win great 11-innXng game from
Phillies. Page 16.
Washington State College wins conference
baseball title. Page 16.
- Pacific Northwest.
Miss Dorothy Conner, of Medford. describes
Lusitania sinking. Pago 6. .
Wedding performed In dome of Capitol at
Salem. Page 1.
Complaints accused Oregon City Moose of
ficers cf liquor law' violations. Page 6.
Evidence-taking In Farnam trial Is expected
today. Page 6. .
Commercial and Marine. 1
Steps taken to place local egg trade on bet
ter basis. Page 17.
Wheat slumps at Chicago on estimate of
large gain in crop over last year's.
Stocks dull and heavy as consequence of
Germany's answer. Page 17.
Bills of lading now can be made out direct
to Havana, Page 12.
Portland and Vicinity.
Rose Society is ready for annual exhibit,
July 9 and 10. Page .
Entries are pouring in for floral parade.
Adventist elder denounces Sunday closing
laws as violating constitution and infring
ing liberty. Page IS.
Chamber opposes fee-free garbage and urges
Jitney regulation. Page 13,
Money fur water meters merely wasted, facts
show. Page 11
Two women and two men of pleasure party
drown at 3 A. M. Page 7.
Address of Mrs, Percy Pennybacker Is fea
ture of opening day's session of Gen
eral Federation of Women's Clubs. Page 1.
Mayor of St. Johns makes appeal to Port
land voters to ratify annexation. Page 2o.
Mayor and Commissioner clash with member
of Civil Service Board. Pago 13.
Emerson Reid, automobile racer. Indicted for
involuntary manslaughter. Page 7.
New York Mayor, visiting Portland, urges
city to develop shipping -facilities.
Many noted guests heard at Chamber of
Commerce luncheon. Page 3.
Candidates in race- Tor Cm nrisslonershlps
agree to abide by peoples vote on meters.
Dr. W. T. ' Foster urges clubwomen to take
firm stagid for peace. Page 4.
"Everywoman's Road" at Ileillg dellghte
large audience. Page 3.
Bureau of Commerce chief tells Portland
Chamber of America's gain by European
war. Page 5.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 5.
SEBASTIAN IS 274 BEHIND
Los Angeles KIcctlon Is Close, Witli
Half of Vote Counted.
LOS ANGELES, Cal., June 1. Late
returns tonight grave Frederick J. Whlf
fen a slight lead for Mayor over
Charles E. Sebastian. The Incomplete
returns from 263 precincts out of 460
give Whiffen 22.080. Sebastian 21.706.
Both sides will await the official count.
- The election of Mrs. Ka telle L. Lind
sey, the first woman member of the
City Council, is assured.
POLICY IN MEXICO
Notice to Be Served
on Leaders Today.
COALITION TO BE FOSTERED
Formal Recognition Will Be
Given New Government.
EMBARGO PART OF PLAN
Constituted Government Alone to
Be Permitted to Receive Arms.
Plight or Civilians Still
WASHINGTON, June 1. President
Wilson and his Cabinet today adopted
a new policy to be pursued by the
United States toward Mexico. It has for
its object restoration of order and the
relief of millions of non-combatants
from the devastations of Mexico's mili
tary elements which have brought
about conditions regarded as intoler
able. The President read to the Cabinet a
statement which is to be communicated
tomorrow to the leaders of all Mexican
factions, serving notice that unless
they, themselves, compose the situa
tion, some other means will be found
by the United' States to bring about
the establishment of a stable govern
ment In the republic. The statement
was approved after prolonged discus
sion. It will be made public tomorrow.
Coalition Will Be Supported.
The specific course the United States
will pursue in the event the contending
factions fail to agree is not outlined In
the President's statement, but the Ad
ministration's present purpose is to
give moral support to a coalition of the
bett elements in Mexico aud accord the
government . thereby created formal
recognition. With such recognition
would come an embargo on arms per
mitting the constituted government to
receive munitions of war to the exclu
sion of all other elements and factions.
That the Government's policy, if un
successful In this course, might re
quire intervention ultimately has been
considered and the intention to insist
on a settlement has not been swayed
by the possible necessity of such ac
tion. Official Washington Confident.
In high executive quarters, however,
confidence prevails that the expres
sion of the American Government's at
titude will clear up misapprehension
as to its intentions that have existed
in Mexico and bring about the desired
The Administration's policy is the
culmination of several weeks of con
ference between the President and his
official family. The return of Duval
West, who spent three months "per
sonally investigating conditions in
Mexico for the President, was the de
ciding factor Ho brought back re-
FLEET WILL NOT
COME TO PACIFIC
DECISION TO OMTIT CRUISE DEF
Chance That Vessels Would Be Cut
Off From Atlantic by Slide In
Canal Will Be Avoided.
WASHINGTON. June 1. (Special.)
The Atlantic battleship fleet is to re
main in Atlantic waters indefinitely.
The plan to send the fleet through the
Panama Canal next month for partici
pation in the Panama-Pacific and
Panama-California Expositions has
Admiral Fletcher will come to Wash
ington tomorrow for a conference re
garding . the Summer plans for ma
neuvers of the fleet in Atlantic waters.
No announcement of the decision to
abandon the cruise to the Pacific Coast
has been made and no official in the
confidence of those who know the facts
will consent to a formal announce
ment of the plans for keeping the fleet
in the Atlantic Ocean. It was ascer
tained today definitely, however, that
the decision to omit the cruise of the
fleet through the canal has been made.
The decision to hold the fleet in At
lantic waters is predicated on two prin
cipal factors. First, there undoubtedly
will be another slide in Culebra cut,
in the Panama Canal, some time this
Summer, and it would be regarded as
highly undesirable to have the fleet on
the Pacific with such a slide inter
posed between Admiral Fletcher's ves
sels and Atlantic waters. Second, the
general situation of American foreign
affairs, growing out of relations with
Germany, are such that it is consid
ered unwise to send the fleet to the
West Coast and leave the Atlantic
JUNE 11 IS MADE HOLIDAY
Governor Issues Proclamation for
Last Day or Festival.
The Governor of Oregon has pro
claimed Friday, June 11, a legal holi
day, to give residents of the entire state
an opportunity to close up their places
of business, visit Portland and help to
make the last day of the 1915 Rose
Festival one which will be a record-
The Portland Chamber of Commerce
will close all its departments and
urges all business houses to make
arrangements so that on June 11 they
can close their doors.
BIG WAR ORDERS DECLINED
East St. Lonis Manufacturers He
fuse to Make Monitions.
EAST ST. LOUIS. June 1. George F.
Heller, proprietor of a forgo works
here, today declined an unlimited order
from the French government for shrap
nel casings. The order would have
amounted to $90,000 a week.
Mr. Heller declined the order because
he is opposed to war. A few days ago
Theodore Philiippe, of East St. Louis,
declined an order for $900,000 worth of
machinery . for the manufacture of
Tuesdays War Moves
IN THE face of recent Russian asser
tions that the Austro-Russian grip
on Przemysl had been broken and that
the offensive in the great Gallcian
struggle had passed to the Russians.
came both German and Austrian' official
statements last night asserting that the
Austro-German troops have been suc
cessful to the north and the southeast
of the fortress and that the forts gird
ling it to tno north have fallen into
their hands, while to the southeast they
have wrested Stry from the Russians.
In fact the Austro-Germans say that
the campaign is running in their favor
everywhere in the eastern zone, from
Llbau in the north to the southernmost
tip of the Galician battle line.
It Is apparent that the Russians,
since being forced back to the San. have
been rushing up heavy reinforcements
in the hope of averting tbo fall of
Przemysl. The Austro-Germans, unde
terred by stupendous losses, have as
yet shown little disposition to accept
a purely defensive role. .
No British official communication
was issued yesterday. The French con
fine themselves, generally speaking, to
recounting their success at Ablain-St.
The German official statement ignores
this, and tells of minor gains else
where. It says that the French effort
to break through the German lines has
A Zeppelin raid over London, the
Germans announce, was in the way of
reprisal for the recent bombardment by
allied aviators of Ludwigshafen and
resulted in the killing of four persons
and the injury of a few others. This
raid has resulted in a renewal of at
tacks by mobs on German business
houses in English towns. Details of
the raid are not given as extensively as
on previous occasions of air attacks,
and the accounts published in London
and permitted to be sent from there
give evidence of increasing severity of
censorship. The British authorities
especially emphasize the injunction that
no information shall be given out as' to
the localities in London that were af
fected by raids.
Austrian aviators have flown across
the Adriatic and dropped bombs on
Baria and Brindisi, in Southern Italy.
The casualties were small.
A British official statement says that
a Turkish prisoner captured' two weeks
ago In the Dardanelles campaign as
serted that up to that time the Turkish
losses on the Gallipoli Peninsula were
more than 40,000 men.
GLOB WOMEN HEAR
Efficiency Is Note of
MID-BIENNIAL COUNCIL OPENS
Thorough Work by Members Is
General Plea of Speakers.
YOUNGER WORKERS NEEDED
Head of National Body Tells Her
Auditors That Success Depends
on Efforts of Individuals.
Attendance Is Large.
PRINCIPAL EVENTS O.V PRO
GRAMME AT WHITE TEM
9:30 Session opens. Morning
speakers, Mrs. George Zimmer
man, of Ohio; Mrs. James C. Wil
son, Wenatchee: Dr. Carter H.
Jones, Seattle; Mrs. Frederick 1L
Cole, Nebraska; Mrs. Josephine
Corliss Preston. Washington;
Mrs. Roy E. Fletcher. New York,
and Dr. George Rebec.
12:30 Luncheon for Mrs. John
D. Sherman, of Illinois, at Com
mercial Club, Oregon State Con
servation committee and Forestry
12:30 Luncheon served in
White Temple for those desiring.
2:30 Afternoon session. Re
port of magazine, Mrs. Harriet
Bishop Waters; address. Dr. C.
H. Chapman; report, Mrs. Thomas
G. Winters. Minnesota.
P. M. Auto rides for officers
8:00 "Every woman's Road," at
BY EDITH KNIGHT HOLMES.
Efficiency, loyalty and vision, requi
sites urged by the president of the
organization in her address, seemed
indeed to be In evidence In all the ad
dresses and discussions that marked
the first day of real work for the dele
gates attending the mid-biennial coun
cil of the General Federation of Wom
en's Ciubs, which opened formally in
the White Temple yesterday morning.
At the stroke of 10 Mrs. Percy V. Penny
backer, of Austin, Tex., president of
the organization that represents -.000.-
000 women, called the cuiil to order.
Stage Prettily Adorned.
The large stage, on which were seat
ed the officers and distinguished
speakers, was adorned and banked in
greenery and rosea to represent a luxu
rious garden. Balconies and archwajs
were festooned with vine maple and
ferns and many baskets of roses were
hung in artistic fashion.
The auditorium was well filled when
the Rev. W. B. Hlnson, pastor of the
White Temple, offered the Invocation
a prayer for peace for the Nation and
a blessing on the work of the club
women of the country.
A cordial welcome to the state of
Oregon was extended by Governor
Withycombe. Mayor Albee turned
over the keys of Portland to the club
officers and dclegtites, and said, "If
there are any more keys that you
want, ask for them. We are proud
and glad to welcome you."
Women Indorsed mm Voters.
Mayor Albee told of his faith In the
work the women were doing and said
that the day has passed when woman's
duties cease with the rocking of the
cradle, and if the women of today are
able to raise their sons well to hon
orable manhood, they certainly are
also able to cast a ballot.
Mrs. Sarah A. Evans, president of the
Oregon Federation, who was introduced
as the woman who made possible the
meeting here, gave a brief and cordial
greeting. To all of the sincere words
of welcome Mrs. Samuel B. Sneath, of
Ohio, vice-president of the General
Federation, responded. She spoke in
the highest terms of the Northwest and ,
urged the people of Portland to keep
on with the custom of holding a Rose
Festival. Mrs. Sneath is .one of the
many who has been captivated by the
wealth of roses here.
PreMldent Wulu Young Women.
One of Mrs. Pennybacker's strongest
pleas In her stirring address was for
more and more youth in the federa
tion. That the women In the rural dis
tricts need the deep thought of the
clubwomen, and that the conditions of
the immigrant should also be their
deep concern, was suggested by the
president. In part Mrs. Pennybacker
Today ire must face the situation that w
should be even more concerned about the
efficiency than the growth of our organiza
tion. The greatest foe to efficiency is lack
of thorough study before undertaking action.
1 must beg that yon will allow me to repeat
Goethe's words: "Nothing ts more danger
ous than Ignorance at work." On tills last
official trip, as on all previous ones, I have
seen work duplicated, time wasted, needed
action "ignored, enterprises condemned to
failure, simply because leaders and followers
did not know real conditions; did not under
stand the best methods. Would that v e
might have emblazoned In flaming letters
on the cover of each club calendar tbesa
words: "Investigate, eliminate, concen
trate." We shall never bo truly efficient until
(Concluded on Po 4. Column 1.)