Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 24, 1915)
TIIE MORNING OKEGONIAN. MONDAY, MAY 24, 1915.
PROTEST ALONE IS
WEAK, WILSOH FINDS
Plan for "Neutrality League"
of Nations Will Be Laid
PRECEDENTS ARE FOUND
l; tiles raid Down in 1780, as Kesult
or Efforts or Catherine ot Rus
sia, and Again In 1800 Show
i What lias Keen lone.
BY JOHN CALLAX O'LAUGHLIN.
WASHINGTON. May 23 (Special.)
President Wilson and his Cabinet are
being driven irresistibly to the conclu
sion that something more than asser
tion la necessary if neutral rights are
lo be respected.
To date the United States has pro
tested against flagrant violations of
principles of International law by both
sides in the great coniiict rasriis across
-luo water. It has received pleasant as
surances, references to the historical
friendship that prevails and unofficial
concessions. "Kino words Gutter no
Vnofttrial Argot lat Ion Opened.
To reduce American loss, unofficial
negotiations were entered into by rep
resentatives of the United States end
Great Britain, the former ostensibly
acting In behalf of American shippers,
which tended to ameliorate the hard
ships imposed by the allies on American
trade. Then came the tragedy of the
I.usitanla. following the destruction of
the Falaba and attacks on the Ameri
can steamers Gulfilght and Cushing,
which caused the President to send his
demands to Germany. The most Im
portant of these was that submarine
warfaro on merchant ships should cease.
Fearing the United States would be
drawn into the position of recognizing
the British orders in council, and in
view of protests directed to the Presi
dent that he was dealing more harshly
with Germany than with Great Britain,
the Administration determined to end
the "unofficial negotiations" referred to.
Neutrals' Ilighta Ignored.
It is believed here that the action
taken will have a good effect In Ber
lin and upon German-Americans at
home. Now the Administration is
awaiting, with keen Interest the Gor
man reply to the LuHitania note.
The net results of all the negoiia
tions conducted up to date are these:
American trade with Germany is
practically cut off.
American trade with neutrals Is ser
The belligerents, Germany as well as
Great Britain and her allies, are doing
wflatever they deem necessary, irre
spective of neutral rights and the ob
ligations of international law.
Thus, words have accomplished noth
ing beyond arousing irritation against
the United States.
America ot Only Sufferer.
The fact is not lost sight of in dip
lomatic circles here that the United
States is not the only sufferer. Kvery
other neutral is embarrassed and han
dicapped in precisely the same way.
The question concerning them is:
"What can be done to restore respect
for neutral rights?"
The President is giving serious at
tention to the advisability of creating
a "neutrality league." No steps in this
direction will be taken until the Ger
man reply on the Iusitania is received.
If that reply should be unsatisfactory,
then Mr. Wilson will talk with his Cab
inet in reference to the dispatch of an
invitation to every neutral Mate to
send representatives to a congress
' which shall define, principles that all
neutrals can sustain agarnst one bellig
erent or another.
Precedents Found for League.
The precedents for such action are
found in the Armed Neutrality Leagues
of 1780 and 1800. The first league
was the natural outcome of British
efforts to enforce the ancient rules as
to belligerents' rights In the face of
the attempt of the- Northern powers
to establish the freedom of neutral
commerce. At the time, France was
aiding the revolted American colonies
and England, to prevent munitions of
war from reaching them, was com
pelled to employ her naval power to
the utmost against neutrals as well as
Catharine II was Empress of Rus
sia. She was seeking to promote Rus
sian commerce. To her the Baltic
powers looked for advice and moral
support. In 1780 Catherine submitted
to the three belligerent courts of Lon
don, Versailles and Madrid a formal
declaration, setting forth in four arti
cles the propositions as to neutrality
which she proposed to enforce.
Four Principles Set Forth.
These articles embodied four prin
ciples, as follows:
First Freedom of the
trade of states at war.
Second Neutral flag:
goods not contraband. i
Third Contraband is limited to es
sentially warlike stores.
Fourth A blockade to be effective
must be one dangerous to pass.
Before the year ended Denmark and
Sweden had united with, Russia in
support of these principles. The fol
lowing jear, France, Spain, Holland,
Prussia. Austria and the United States
adhered to them and in 1782 Portugal
and in 1783 the two Sicilies did so.
The second armed neutrality league,
formed in 1&00. was the direct result
of England'.s attitude as to the rights
of neutral convoys. This league in
cluded Russia, Prussia. Sweden and
Renewal of MeaKtires I rged.
These leagues were of the highest
Importance, since as a result of their
efforts to establish the rule of free
ships, free goods, without the corollary
of enemy ships, enemy goods, the way
was paved for the adoption of those
principles in succeeding years.
The practice in the present war has
overthrown these principles. The Pres
ident therefore is being urged to take
measures to reassert them. There is
not the slightest doubt that all the
South American states would support
an American declaration similar to that
made by Catherine II., and probably
the Scandinavian states. Holland and
Spain, also, would give their official
approval. ' ,
FLAG PUT AT HALFMAST
Jersey Man to Keep Colors lowered
Till Nation Gels Satisfaction.
PATERSON, N. J. May 15. Catho
lin Lambert, head of . the silk firm
of Dexter & LamDerr, nailed his flag
to the pole on the turret of his mag
nificent home, "Bellevista," overlook
ing the city, tinder the face of Garret
Mountain, a few days ago, and said:
"My flag is at halfmast and it will
Hay there until the United States gets
some satisfaction for the lives of Amer
icans lost on the Lusitania."
Mr. Lambert was born in Yorkshire,
Ungland, but is an American citizen.
ONE OF FEATURE PERFORMERS
1 rriW .
Rosa Rosaland. Said to Be the Only Woman Who Somersault While Riding
n Home. Ipprr Clone-range View of Ml Ma Roaaland. -
SILL BOYS JOYOUS
Circus Day, Long Awaited, Is
Here at Last.
BIG TENT GOES' UP TODAY
Parade and Performances Sched
. tiled to Gladden Hearts or
Voung and Old and Show
llas Speeial Attraetions.
IIOITE OF TODAY'S CIKCITS
The following will be the line
of march for the circus parade at
12 o'clock today:
Starting at Twenty-fifth and
Raleigh. Pettygrove to Twen
tieth, Twentieth to Washington.
Washington to Alder, Alder to
Third. Third to Everett. Everett
to Twentieth, Twentieth to Petty
grove. And now comes the big, show. The
huge white tents have been raised, the
rings have been laid out, the several
thousand seats have been built and, best
of all, the animals and all the wonder
ful performers have, had a day of rest.
Portland, and particularly young
Portland, has been looking, forward
these many days for the coming of the
Buffalo Bill and Sells Kioto shows
combined, as they now are, in a big.
bustling circus. It arrived yesterday
all spick and span and spread out its
big white canvass over the ten acres
at Twenty-fifth and Raleigh streets.
Today there will be a monster parade
and performances this afternoon and
tonight. These will be repeated to
morrow. Press agents, although noted for
thejr optimistic view of the things
they represent, have not exaggerated in
their advance information t X" W t ra c-
s Information ijm' t t ra c-
Buffalo BillJ' VSel,s
The special tr jlrry
v brought a Hrrtuerful
tions of th
ing the show
assortment of interest to Portland
early yesterday. It embraces a big wild
SMOKER PROVIDED FOR
BY TURK BEFORE WAR
Prices of Cigarettes Remain Unchanged 'and Even English Boycott on
Enemy Goods Is Lost in Odoriferous, Comforting Wreaths.
HAND this much to the wily Turk:
Whatever other qualities he may
,-have, that of leaving a great
friendly nation In the lurch is not one
of them. For the Turk, before "but
ting into" the present liuropean free-
for-all, kindly marketed his entire crop
of Turkish tobacco, with the result that
American lovers of Turkish cigarettes
are enjoying their favorita smokes at
the same old price.
This was the explanation made by a
number of Portland tobacco dealers
yesterday as to why Turkish cigarette
prices have not gone up. 1 hey backed
up the explanttion oy referring to to
bacco trade journals, where it is set
down in black and white.
Kven the Knglish, who are now
whantrine awa" at the Dardanelles, got
stocked up on Turkish tobacco, as the
advertisements In some or tne leading
British periodicals seem to show. Evi
dently the censorship hasn't gone to
the extent of banning xuraisn cigar
ettes by use or name, for an advertiser-
in one periodical oners a lavorite
brand, named after a famous Russo
Polish opera star, like this:
"Turkish tobacco. Dasso uarge cigar
ettes), baritone (ordinary sizej, tenor
Egyptian Tobacco Available.
Of course, customers who might" not
like the idea of smoking belligerent
tobacco, so to epeak, have a choice of
smoking the same brand made I
"Egyptian tobacco." i
Indeed, these stories that' are told of
Englishmen changing the names of
everything belligerent to names favor
ing the allies can't all be true, for this
same periodical also contained an ad
of a latest-style Turkish bath, and
when there is a Russian bath on the
market, at that! But that's digressing,
for this is supposed to be a story about
War certainly has a brutalizing effect
(if one considers the use of cigarettes
brutal), for one of its immediate effects
has been a general increase In cigarette
smoking. Hardly a dispatch from the
fr6nt but tells of the comforts of a cig
arette in the trenches. For some time
past friends of the allies and of Uhe
dual a;iiance right here In Portland
have been collecting "comfort" money
to send back to the old country to buy
comforts for the soldiers. For ear
WHO APPEARS WITH , CIRCUS
animal menagerie, a Wild West show
and a real big circus.
Buffalo Bill Here In Flesh.
At' the head of the aggregation of
performers is William F. Cody, the or
iginal .Buffalo Bill. He personally has
charge of the staging of many sensa
tional feats of the show, and par
ticularly the Wild West features. He
knows the Western frontier as it was
and can reproduce it , in realistic
There is a. most interesting 'collec
tion of performers with the show, and
the prospects are that they will make
things lively within the confines of the
big tent during the four performances.
Every phase of wild and interesting
life is represented, even down to genu
ine Indians of the type that made the
Western frontier and Buffalo Bill
famous. In the animal show, in addi
tion to the usual line of elephants,
camels, lions, tigers, etc., there are the
special features of a pair of two-weeks-old
lions, a baby elephant six months
old and a baby camel three weeks old.
Sunday Kept for Rent,
Sunday is a quiet day for a circus.
It is the one day of the week when
there is no activity. The circus people
get things all arranged early and then
they rest. They get up with the birds
on Monday morning and start out for
another strenuous week.
With the Buffalo Bill-Sells Floto cir
cus labor is minimized by machinery,
but still there is a lot to do every day.
It might be said that this show is
motorized. The tent stakes are driven
by machinery, the tent is raised and
taken down and folded by a big ma
chine, the invention of Wrilliam Curtis,
and a powerful motor tractor does a
large part ot the task of dragging the
big loaded circus wagons to the depot.
The machinery does away with the need
of 25 men. No horses have been
dropped by reason of the machinery,
because they are neded in the circus
Alleged Forger Taken at Morton.'
MORTON, Wash., May 23. (Special.
'Deputy Sheriff John Berry returned
to Chehalts from Morton yesterday,
having arrested H. C. Kinney on a
charge of first degree forgery. G. M.
Briggle, of Chehalis, was the com
plaining witness. Deputy Berry said
that Kinney had signed the name of
a farmer living near Forest to several
checks. The name is said to have
been written nearly like the farmer
lloquiam Bond Election Tomorrow.
HOQUIAM, Wash., May 23. (Spe
cial.) This city Tuesday will vote on
a bond issue of $157,000 to take up
outstanding current expense warrants,
and if the bonds are carried Hoquiam
will be on a cash basis by next year,
with a bonded indebtedness, aside from
public improvement bonds of approx
muffs, or heavy socks, or handkerchiefs
do you, suppose? Well, rather not!
B'or cigarettes, and nothing else.
Conaiuniption la Increasing.
Of course Europe is a long way off,
but oon't rest deluded in the belief that
records will not show the Increasing
popularity of the cigarette since, this
war began. There not only has been
an increase, but it is an increase-in bil
lions, not mere millions.
One of the leading tobacco journals
of this country publishes statistics
showing that, despite"a decrease early
in 1914. which was before the war
broke, out, mind you. the total manu
factured for this country in the vear
1914 was 16.864.202,303. as against'lG
712.096.418 in 1913. That is an increase
in the 'coffin nail" consumption of 1,
1S2,1S5,885. or about six per cent. And
this doesn't take into account the in
crease in the smoking of the "roll-your-own"
As for 1915. It is young yet, but the
figures are piling up still higher. In
place of being a mere despised butt
every cigarette, . of course, becomes a
butt some time, but no longer a de
spised one the cigarette would seem
to have become the highest svmbol of
modern civilization, as exemplified in
this year of strife, 1915. - , , ,
Kffect on Price Doubtful.
Now arises the question, will the
price of Turkish tobacco and Turkish
cigarettes go skying after the present
store is exhausted? Tobacconists say
they don't know. Even if the Turks
themselves don't ship out another crop
they all say there will be Turkish to
bacco, anyway. Although the Turks do
raise a large quantity of this valued
product, a great bulk of the so-called
Turkish tobacco, it is pointed out,
comes -from Macedonia, which used to
be part of Turkey but is now controlled
by Greece. Other Turkish tobacco
comes from Bulgaria, and some from
P.ussia. Even down near Havana. Cuba,
they raise quite a good-sized hatch of
it! And there are other places.
So. after all, the Turk cannot be said
to have the Turkish tobacco market by
the heels. If he can't let us have his
particular brand of it, there will be
plenty of others also called Turkish,
and a host of "just as goods." Granted
mat it would be an occasion or great
national stress, the Turkish tobacco
connoisseur can't afford to be too ex
and a Sale of
Duplicates of the superb pianos,
player pianos and grands, com
prising the exhibit of ultra-modern
' musical instruments in
Liberal Arts Palace, P. I. L E.,
by Eilers Music House are now
on sale in Portland.
C HI CKERING PLAYER
PIANOS Artigraphic, self
expressing, self -playing; truly
wonderful ; rendering music of a
character that is a delight to the
most exacting music critic.
THE A U TO PI A NO Player
Piano, electric, playable "four
ways, by hand, by foot power
and by electric motor, with or
without the automatic expres
sion. This is the latest and su
preme autopiano attachment.
New 1915 mcnlels of the now
famous Bungalow Player Pianos
(with free music rolls included)
19 in a Sale Extraordinary ,
A sale of 19 injtruments for a
manufacturer whose exhibit was
completed too late to be included
in our great exhibit at the San
These 19 instruments were di
verted to and have arrived in
Portland. They are placed on
sale at manufacturer's wholesale
price .at Eilers Music House,
third floor. Superb pianos.. The
designs will probably never again
be duplicated.'.' .
ine 5o0 styles are marked $285; less elaborate cases are $265 and $240. Several exceptionally
ornate cost a little more, All may be had on payments of $10 a month.
Special two-for-one premium a credit of $2 is given for every $1 paid in excess of an intial $100
on each of these 19 pianos.
USED PIANOS AT LESS THAN EVER
In the Piano Exchange Department choice of many worthy makes. All reduced at prices posi
tively less than -obtainable elsewhere, no matter what the occasion or the pretext.
No matter whether a somewhat old style, but good upright piano is wanted (which can now be
had for $35, others for $55 or $70) , or whether the finest piano made is desired for the finest man
sion, Eilers Music House is the place and Eilers prices are invariably lower than same quality is
obtainable for elsewhere.
ACTS BECOME LAWS
Amendment to Compensation
Measure Among Changes.
BIRTH RECORD IS REQUIRED
"Kailroad Commission" Passes Out
of Existence atad Xow Known as
Public Service Body; Method of
Lev ing School Tax Altered.
Now that the time for tnvoKing the
referendum against measures passed by
the recent Legislature lias expired, all
such laws went into effect Saturday
without further formality.
Among them are several of an impor
tant nature, in addition to those that
became effective immediately after they
were signed by the Gftvernor by virtue
of the emergency clause which they
carried. , ,
Princloal among the new laws is that
amending the existing workmen's com-
nensation act providing reuei ior in
dustrial employes throughout the state.
This measure fixes a new graduated
scale of premiums against the employ
ers based on the nature of the industry
and the hazard that it involves. It con
tains an accident prevention clause that
reduces the premiums In proportion to
the reduction in the number of acci
dents and imposes criminal responsi
bilities upon th'ose employers who are
negligent In providing saieiy devices
in their plants.
Kailroad Commisalon Is 91o $lore.
The "Railroad Commission of Oregon"
has passed out of existence. 'The com
mission now is known as the Public
Service Commission. This, the Legis
lature believes, ' more nearly describes
its duties. Inasmuch as it has charge
of all public utilities as well as rail-,
The manner of electing members of
the commission also has been changed.
One is elected from Kastern Oregon,
one from Western Oregon and one from
th state at large.
Stricter regulations are imposed upon i
Dersons operating under the food and
dairy laws of the state. Uniform meth
ods of preparing food and displaying it
for public consumption are provided. A
fixed standard also ts prescrioed lor re
frigeration of foods.
The state institutions and the 'vari
ous political subdivisions of the state
now will be permitted to grant a differ
ential of 5 per cent on all home-made
goods in granting public contracts.
School Law t hanjrn Made. . ,
Many important changes in the school
law also have been provided. One of
these is the measure that provides a
four-year high school course without
tuition, for every boy and girl in the
state. Those districts that do not have
high schools are required to levy an
assessment so that their children can
be Beiitf. to neighboring high schools.
The old-fashioned school meeting that
has prevailed in Portland up to this
time to levy the school tax has been
abolished. None but taxpayers are al
lowed to vote in the school elections
and at the time of registering a. voter
must designate whether he or she is a
taxpayer. However, inasmuch as the
existing registration books will be used
at the forthcoming school election this
law can not be utilized at this time.
Another measure which was the sub
ject of much interest at the time it was
under consideration y the Legislature
was that providing women school teach
ers salaries equal with those of the
men teachers. ,
Birth Record la Required.
A new registration law requires that
it shall be the duty of the attending
physician or midwife to file a certifi
cate of birth, properly and completely
filled out, giving alt particulars, with
the local registrar of the district in
which the birth occurred, within 10 days
after date of birth.
The so-called "anti-trading .stamp
C .v A Jk
JttfesJ JtSftf tifilp . '
y$kW Hwi't- ra-lte. i ' i--
"Exquisite Music Pours Forth From a Modern Chickering Artigraphic"
law" is another now In erfect. It im
poses a tax of 5 per cent of the gross
income not only on the trading stamp
and coupon companies, but on every
person giving trading stamps, coupons,
certificates and other trade devices re
deemable In merchandise.
The trading stamp companies are
evading the merchandise feature of the
law by making the stamps redeemable
in cash, with which premiums may
then be bought. The same course has
been adopted by a chain of tobaccc
stores giving certificates. The consti
tutionality of this law will be attacked
In the courts, according to the compa
After four years as judge of the
Juvenile Court in Portland, Circuit
Judge Oatens has been succeeded as
Juvenile Court Judge by County Judge
Cleeton, under a law fostered by the
Multnomah County delegation to the
BUFFALO BILL HEARS TALE
Veteran Tells "Same Old Story" to
Colonel Cody, Who is in City.
"Well if it ain't my old friend Col
onel Cody," chuckled a gray-haired
old veteran in the lobby of the Oregon
Hotel yesterday afternoon', as he rushed
up and grasped the hand of Colonel
W. F. Cody, the original old Buffalo
Bill, who is in, Portland for a couple
of days with he Sells-Floto-Buf falo
Bill circus. The veteran and the Col
onel sat down and the veteran spun
off a hair-raising yarn about the fron
tier days in Wyoming.
He went on at great length about
how the Indians crept slowly around
the frontier camp and were all ready
to start their bloody attack when they
were discovered. u'hen how the fight
began and how tne redskins bit the
"The same old story," said Colonel
Cody. "I run across it everywhere I
go. Old fellows come in by the dozens
and tell me stories like that.
"Down at the old soldiers' homo at
Roseburg a few days ago a man 92
years old met me and started to tell
about; how he'd been hearing of me
ever since-, he was a boy. 1 figured
at that rate that I must be something
like 118 years old."
Colonel Cody is a picturesque chaix
acter, with his real old Buffalo Bill
goatee and his biy cowboy hat and his
silvery hair done in a knot on the
back of his head. He 4s a decidedly
Interesting veteran of a" day when the
West was young and wild, and he has
many an interesting story of the ex
periences which resulted in the name
"Buffalo Bill" being placed in "Who's
Who," as the king of frontiersmen
and the king of cowboys.
IMfteen Are Graduated.
TWIN FALLS, Idaho. May 23. (Spe
cial.) Fifteen students were graduated
this week from the Filer High School.
The- baccalaureate sermon was deliv
ered by Rev. H. W. Parker, and the
commencement address wn given by
The causes of nervous disorders are
of two kinds, predisposing and excit
ing. Heredity is a predisposing cause.
A nervous parent is very liable to have
a nervous child. But even with this
predisposition the child will not neces
sarily develop any, form of nervous
disease without an exciting cause. It
may not develop during childhood at
all but throughout life a penson with
an inherited predisposition to nervous
ness is an easier victim of all forms of
nervous disorders than one without it.
Worry, overwork, overstudy and ex
cesses of all kinds are exciting causes
and should be avoided by those who
know themselves to have inherited a
nervous disposition. Thin blood and a
general run-down condition of the sys
tem are also to be avoided by such peo
ple. Be moderate in everything, avoid
worry, keep the blood rich and red and
the general health built up with a non
alcoholic tonic like Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills and avoiu a nervous breakdown.
I-r. Williams Pink Pills are a general
tonic with a special action on the
nerves and relieve and correct many
forms of nervous trouble. Your own
druggist sells them. Write today to the
Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Schenectady,
N. Y.. for the free booklet. "Nervous
Disorders. A Method of Home Treatment."
Really Worth -
Dr. J. F. Shepherd. A splendid class
play, "The Freshman," was given by
the graduating class. Twelve students
graduated from the Buhl school.
BERRY HARVEST NEAR END
Shipments lYom Kenneick Put at
60,000 Crates Worth $100,000.
'KENNKWICK, Wash., May 23. Spe
cial.) This week will see the finish
of the heavy shipment of strawberries
from Kennewick. While the berries
are plentiful and still ripening rapidly,
the price has been lowered to such an
extent thst crowers here will cease
precio de cobre
TYou" cannot buy gold!
I for the price of copper"!
Wlien I go to the opera it is not to
sit highest and furthest back where the
prima-donna's notes reach me mixed
with echo and chatter of voices.
So with my smoking. I must
have the full aroma of Havana leaf
at its best!
I must have a blend that carries
the full, rich flavor in a delightful,
The cigar must be of expert
Cuban workmanship with each
ripe, supple leaf pointing its tip to
the lighting end.
My sense of taste is mine, and
nothing on earth is too good for it
no, not even that remarkable Van
Havana all Havana Spanish made
Two for a quarter and up
j M. A. Gunst & Co-, Inc., Distributors
Write for Illustrations and
Oilers Bolldlnsr, Broadway at Alder.
Stores la Kvery Important Weatera
to harvest the remainder of the crop.
According to comptent authorities,
shipments will reni'h tiO.CMKj cratCH.
The Kennewick season coining on from
two to three week earlier than other
districts has assured growers here a
good average price for the season. It
is estimated that from JHu.000 to $100.
000 has been placed in circulation
among some 350 of the principal grow
ers in the Kennewick-Ttichland dis
New York American.)
She But what good would one littla
kiss do you?
lie Oh, it would establish