Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 25, 1915)
VOL,. LV.-XO. 17,004.
PORTLAND. OREGON, TUESDAY. MAY 25, 1913.
I'KICi: FIVE CENTS.
Naval and Aerial Fleets
Unite in Attack.
LAND FORCES CLASH ALSO
Balloon Sheds and Arsenals
Along Adriatic Damaged,
350 MILES ARE COVERED
Small Battles Occur on Fron
tier in Tyrol; Italian Cav
alry Makes Sortie.
LONDON, May 24. The Austrian
War Office has issued the following
official statemenc regarding the op
erations against Italy:
"Our fleet on the nipht following
the declaration of war undertook ac
tion against the Italian east coast be
tween Venice and Barletta and suc
cessfully bombarded at several points
objects of military importance.
Aerial Raid Also Made.
"At the same time our aeroplanes
threw bombs on a balloon shed at
Thiarvalla, military buildings at An
cona and tho arsenal at Venice, caus
ing visible damage and fires."
It is apparent from the foregoing
dispatch that Austrian aeroplanes
have virtually swept the entire east
ern jCoast of Italy. From Venice, at
the head of the Adriatic, they have
made their way as far south as Bar
letta, a distance of 350 miles, com
mitting acts of hostility during their
Bombardment Soon Ends.
The official Italian statement re
garding the raid follows:
"It was foreseen that on the dec
laration of war offensive actions
would occur against our Adriatic
coast, with tbe purpose of seeking
moral effect rather than attaining a
military purpose. But we were able
to prepare for these and render their
"Small naval units of the enemy,
especially destroyers and torpedo
boats, fired their guns upon our Adri
atic coast May 24, between 4 and 5
o'clock in the morning. At the same
time aeroplanes attempted to ' attack
the arsenal at Venice.
Italian Planes Attack.
"The enemy's ships, after a short
cannonade, were forced by our torpedo-boats
to withdraw. The enemy's
aeroplanes were fired on by our anti
aircraft artillery and attacked by our
aeroplanes and by a dirigible flying
over the Adriatic.
"The aeroplanes attacked Porto
Corsini, which replied immediately
and obliged the enemy to retire
quickly. At Ancona, where the at
tack was directed especially against
the railway line, with the intention of
interrupting communication, slight
damage was inflicted, which can be
Bombs Are Dropped.
"At Barletta an attack was made
by a scout steamer and destroyers,
which were put to flight by one of
our ships, which was escorted by torpedo-boats.
Finally, atGesi, the en
emy's aeroplanes attempted to throw
bombs on the hangar, but without
reaching the mark.
"All other news of operations last
night has no foundation."
The war declared by Italy on Aus
tria is not yet in full swing, but small
battles are under way along the fron
tier and the Austrians already have
undertaken action against the Italian
towns on the east coast with warships
and aeroplanes. The towns shelled
and bombarded included Venice, An
cona, Forto Corsini, Barletta, Gesi and
The bombardment of Ancona is said
to have lasted about two hours.
The Italian authorities declare that
the damage done was slight.
Throughout Italy and Austria the
RESCUE ROAT IS ALSO KE
POUTED FIIIED OX.
Steamer Minerva, Kroin New York,
Is Icstroycd Off Newcastle,
England Crew Is Saved.
NEWCASTLE. England. May 24.
The Norwegian steamer Minerva was
sunk by a' German submarine Saturday
night. The crew of the steamer was
landed here tonight by the steamer Iris.
The captain of tut Iris reports that
after he had rescued the crew of the
Minerva the submarine sent a. torpedo
at the Iris, narrowly missing her.
The Minerva was bound from South
Shields for Norway.
Tho steamer Minerva sailed from
N'ew York April IS for Christiania. She
arrived at Kirkwall May 4 and from
there wa-i t'iken to Shields, arriving In
the latter port May 8. She was a ves
sel of 2413 tons and was owned by
Jacobson & Sons, of Christlania.
KING WILL LEAVE ROME
Italian Court to Be Moved to Ilor-
encc AVhcrc Art Works Arc Taken.
FLORENCE. Italy, May 24. A report
is current here that the Italian court
is to be moved from Home and in
stalled in the rtttl Palace in Florence.
From here the King will make frequent
trips to the front and the Queen will
direct operations of the Italian Red
Cross Society, of which she Is presi
dent. Three royal villas in the neighbor
hood of Florence are to be used as
All the most valuable works of art
from the cities of Northern Italy al
ready have been brought down to
Florence In anticipation of possible
bombardments by the Austrians.
ITALY OFFERS PARDONS
Fugitives Frjm Military Service
Have Three Months to Kcturn.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 24. The
Italian government has issued an edict
granting a blnnket pardon to all fugi
tives from Italian military service now
in America if they will return to Italy
for service in the army within three
months, according to K. Fatrizi, pub
lisher or IVItalla Daily News. Mr.
Patrizi estimated there were 20.000
such Italians in America.
Within the scope of the pardon are
two classes those Italians who fled
Italy to escape military service and
Italian youths in America who failed
to return to Italy for service after
reaching tho age of 20.
GERMANS ANTICIPATE WAR
Capital Withdrawn From Italy, but
in Some Cases at Big Sucriflcrs.
GENEVASwitzcrland, May 24. Oer.
man financial Interests, in anticipation
of tho war with Italy, began as early
as May 1 to withdraw capital from
Italy. This was accomplished even in
cases which entailed considerable sac
rifices, so that sequestration of Ger
man property might be avoided.
It is estimated that German inter
ests in Italian industries amounted to
fully 1 300,000,000. Some estimates run
as high as 2,000. 000.00c.
GERMAN REPLY IS DELAYED
Italian Situation Keeps Officials
From Answering America.
BE KLIN, via London, May 24 Ger
many's reply to the American note will
not be ready for several days. Offi
cials of the Foreign Office are so occu
pied with the Italian developments that
they have had no time to elaborate the
draft of the note.
It is pointed out that the delay in the
publication of the German reply will
give an opportunity for the public to
view the situation more dispassion
ately. ROBERT UHLICH ACQUITTED
Vnlon Leader Ibund Not Guilty of
TRINIDAD, Colo.. May 24. A verdict
of not guilty was returned tonight by
the jury In the ease of Robert Uhlich,
a union leader charged with the mur
der of Mack Powell, a cowboy, October
9, 1913. Powell was killed during one
of the fights between mine guards and
striking coal miners near Ludlow dur
lng the Colorado coal strike.
The verdict was reached on the first
ITALY STANDS WITH ALLIES
Nation Agrees Witli Otlier Powers
Not to Conclude Sepurate Peace.
LONDON, May 24. Italy has given
her adhesion to the agreement already
signed by the allied powers not to
conclude a separate peace.
Tho signature of a formal document
to this effect is Imminent.
CONSUL REPORTED KILLED
Italian Official at Constantinople
Said lo Be Victim.
LONDON. May 24. The Italian Con
sul at Constantinople has been reported
The report was contained in an Ex
cban.e Telegraph dispatch from Odessa.
GERMANY WILL AID
AUSTRIA TO UTMOST
Italian Ambassador Is
Still at Berlin.
EMBASSY KEPT UNDER GUARD
Teutons Declare Italy Will
Only Postpone Victory.
BITTER FEELING SHOWN
Action or Former Ally in Declar
ing War Called "Political Brig-,
andase' Germany Kxpccts to
Move Swiftly in Italy.
BERLIN, via Ljndon, May 24. No ar
rangements have as yet been made for
-the departure or the Italian Am
bassador from Germany. t
i'Owing to the Whitsuntide holidays
no newspapers were published today
and therefore there has been no press
comment on Italy's declaration of war.
The public received the news with re
markable calmness and seemed more
bent on enjoying holiday outings in the
brilliant Summer weather than wor
rying about the latest acrwslon to the
ranks of Austria-Hungary's enemies.
Street demonstrations took place
late last night when the news of Italy's
declaration of war against the dual
monarchy became known, and small
crowds paraded the streets at an early
hour this morning singing patriotic
songs and cheering for Austria-Hungary.
The paraders attempted to make
a demonstration before the Italian Em
bassy, but since the incident of Thurs
day night, when a youth knocked off
the Ambassador's hat as he was leav
ing the embassy, the police have taken
precautions to forestall untoward Inci
dents, and all the approaches to tho
embassy were closed.
-Hermann Belittle Italr.
What comment i? heard. -"ni;
tlbii is not flatrering to i pm
action in declaring war against her
former ally is generally regarded by
the populace as "political brigandage."
The average German declines to take
the Italian miltnry menace seriously
and seems to consider that Italy's .on
slaught will merely put off the ulti
mate victory of the Teutonic
without rendering victory doubtful.
Jn discussions of the official Italian
explanation for the declaration of war,
the comment is everywhere heard that
it took Italy a long time to tlnd out
that the treaty of alliance hud been
violated, it being argued that Italy's
note on this subject was dated In Ec
cember, and that it required "nnihi
longer to determine that the violation
of the treaty constituted a reason for
Austrian Keeling Bitter.
Dispatches received here from Vienna
report that big street demonstrations
(Concluded on Pnsre 'J. Column 3.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 61.2
degrees; minimum, oG. degrees.
TODAY'S Shower; eouthweaterly winds.
Germany to aid Austria to utmost against
Italy. Pave J.
Norwegian steamer Minerva, sunk, hy Ger
man submsvrine. Paga 1.
French army, after battle of 1.1 days, -wires
great victory at Blanch Vole. Pap 2.
Packers to protest further to State Depart
ment against British seizures. Pace T
Italian east roast raided by Austrian aerial
and sea. fleets. Page 1.
Pan-American conferenco proposes Government-owned
steamship lines. Page 1.
L'nltnd State diplomats to act for Italy at
Vienna. Page .
Northern Baptist convention ends at Los
Angeles. Page o.
Four jLusitanla passengers rescued by Mon-
: tana physician. Page 2.
Mount Lassen again Jn eruption. Page 1.
Oregon reception at Exposition Is gala af
al r. Page 3.
Seals arrive here today for eight games
with the Beavers. Page 14.
Waiter MrOredie refuses management of
Cleveland Americans. Page 13.
Two records made in meet at Seattle. Pas 1 4.
State Highway Commissioner refuses to
arbitrate paving tangle in Columbia
County. Page 5.
Kendall 31 ro., of Pittsburgh and Koseburg
officials agree on railroad proposition.
Representative Humphrey tells policy if
elected to Senate. Page 5.
Commeri'lal and Marine.
Oresron hopsrowers refuse offers for new
crop. Page 13.
Italy's declaration of war previously dis
counted by wheat market. Page 33.
Advance In war stocks interrupted by profit
taking. Page 13.
Aberdeen mlsit, heroine of wreck. laudd
for courage aboard ill fated Clare m on t.
Portland and VMnlty.
Mrs. T:irkelM convicted, but .iury asks that
leniency be shown. Page 9.
Miss Haker desires to" rrign over city of
smiles as Rose Queen. Page .16.
Jurors and County Commissioners censured
by Judge McGinn, Page .
Georire Humphrey, veteran Federal official,
dire. Page 7.
Failure to vote for annexation of St. Johns
is vote against merger, pajte 10.
Industrial pageant at Rose Festival to be
gorgeous affair. Page 1G.
Public expert to pay penalty for errors if
meter system la adopted. Pag 10.
Portland Y. M. C A. to entertain 8o asso-
ctation secretaries for two days. Pag 1;.
Mr. Daly installs no hvdrants during water
"economy policy. Pago 1.
Senator Chamberlain, here minus mustache.
Weather report, data and forecast. page 11.
OREGON CITY CLUB NAMED
'The Falisarians" to Take Part
lose IVsti-ral Parade.
OREGON CITY, Or.. May 24. (Spe
cial.) "The Fallsarlans" was the offi
cial name, chosen 'o.i'ght for the Oro
gou City marching club which will be
represented In the Portland Rose Fes
tival parades next month.
This name and "The Generators" had
been suggested, the former winning in
Three frills will be held weekly un
til the festival. "White uniforms will
arrive next week.
VON BUELOW LEAVES ROME
German Representatives to (Jjuirinal
and Vatican Go Also.
LONDON', May 25. A dispatch to the
Stefani Agency from Rome says:
"Prince von Buelow, the German Am
bassador to Italy, accompanied by tnj
Princess von Buelow and all the Ger
man representatives to the Quirinal
and the Vatican, departed from Rome.
by train at 9:30 o'clock Monday night."
WAR DEVELOPS NEW
STEAMSHIP LINE IS PROPOSED
President Pleads for" Better
LAW REVISION IS URGED
Government-Owned Lines of Ships
To and Krom South America. Are
Declared to lie Necessary if
Private Lines Won't Build.
WASHINGTON', May 21. Some of the
obstacles which war across the Atlantic
has thrown into the paths of industrial
and commercial prosperity and the
march of trade in the Western Hemis
phere were outlined today at the first
session of the Pan-American finance
The outstanding- thought of the con
ference as it was expressed by many
speakers was the crying- need for im
provement of transportation, for a re
adjustment of methods of financial ex
change and for uniformity of laws
north and south of the Kquator in re
lation to subjects which vitally affect
fl'ny Paved for Uniform .statute".
Steps were taken at the close of the
day to pave the way for. uniform
statutes through the appointment of a.
committee with a representative from
each invited nation and several repre
sentatives of the United States.
President Wilson, who welcomed the
delegates to this country, dwelt upon
the need for development of transpor
tation, and Secretaries Bryan, Redfield
and McAdoo and Postmaster-General
Burleson later added their recommen
dations for steamship lines independent
of Kurope to ply between all the prin
cipal ports of the two Americas.
Expression o this idea culminated
tonight in the promise of Secretary
McAdoo to select a committee of rep
resentatives of the United States and
of South American countries, includ
ing Argentina, Brazil. Chile and pos
sibly others, to take up tomorrow the
question of steamship lines, either co
operative under these governments or
under private control.
Ruwlnena Men in Conference.
Besides delegations from 18 Latin
American countries participating in hc
conference which Is to continue through
out tho week are members of President
Wilson's Cabinet, the Federal reserve
board, the Federal trade commission,
treasury officials and more than 100
representatives of great American
banks, industrial col porat ions and com
mercial houses. The American busi
ness men and financiers were named by
Secretary McAdoo as official represen-
CConeludod on Faso 3. Column 1.)
Mondays War Moves
LITTLE or ao time has been allowed
to elapse between the declaration
of war and actual fighting between
Italy and Austria. Larly yesterday
Austrian aeroplanes, destroyers and
toe- .'.o-boats descended on the Italian
of the Adriatic and bombarded
lcns, including Venice; while In the
Tyrol and on the eastern frontier. Ital
ian and Austrian advance guards are
already in touch and have fired the first
The plan of campaign has not yet
been disclosed, but it is generally be
lieved that attempts to inflict a quick
and decisive defeat, or, at least, one
that will discourage the Italians, will
be undertaken; largely by the Germans
under Field Marshal von llindenburg.
It ts said that German troops, with
heavy guns, aeroplanes and Zeppelins
are already passing through the valley
of the River Adige in the direction of
Verona, and that rapid and fierce blows
will be delivered almost at the Ital
ian center. This, the Germane doubt
less believe, would serve to hold off an
Italian advance from the province of
Venice, where the flat nature of the
country would give the Italians a
greater chance of success.
Througnouc Austria and Germany
there is bitter denunciation of Italy,
which, for the moment, has replaced
Fngland as the most hated enemy. In
the allied countries, on the other hand.
Italian intervention is hailed with de
light, and in the Italian quarters of
London and Paris there have been en
thusiastic demonstrations and ' cheering
farewells to the Italians leaving for
home to Join the colors.
Roumania. tireece and Bulgaria, as
yet, have niado no move. The govern
ment of Bulgaria has reiterated that it
will continue to observe an attitude of
neutrality so long as Bulgarian Inter
ests are not directly affeeted. and it
sees no reason why they should be. The
opposition, however, is voicing the
opinion that Bulgaria nhould seise the
opportunity to Join with the allies. ,
Bulgaria may be drawn In through an
incicUyit which has arisen between her
and Turkey over the seizure by Turkey
of a number of Bulgarian railway cars
loaded with goods. Sofia has lodged a
protest against this action. Roumania
may be affected by a change of fortune
in tho battles in Middle Galicla. Russia
here in delivering a strong counter
offensive and has regained iorne ground
along the San River north of JaroH.iu
The most important battle, however.
is that which in racing lo the south
east of Przemysl, where the Austrians
and Germans are making repeated t
tacks In n endeavor to break, the It
sl-n line, and thus relievo the pressure
which the Russians are bringing to
bear on the Germans who crossed, the
Fighting alo Is in progress in Cour
liind. along the East Prussian frontier
and in Central Poland, whore the Ger
mans have attempte.l an offensive
along the Rawka River. None of these
actions apparently has beon decisive,
although heavy losses have hlrn suf
fered on both sides. Russia riprcsscs
satisfaction with the situation along
Heavy fighting has born rfiumrd In
tho Western zone, from Arras to tho
sea. in which both Germans and French
flaim to have had the advantage. IL
Is ciident that the allies do not In
tend to relax their efrorts on this
front, although a b!r general move
ment has not yet been undertaken, the
present operations having as their ob
ject improvement in their positions
and forcing the Germans to counter
Tho allies have landed additional
troops on the Gallipoli Peninsula,, and
although progress there must 'for
some time continue to be slow there
is every confidence here that the re
sistance of the Turks will before long
be broken. The loss to the allies is
heavy as has been shown by the
casualty lists, but it is asserted that
the Turks are suffering much more
severely, as they are under cross fire
from the ships.
SECURITY LEAGUE CALLED
Session of Congress to Prepare
Against War May He A-kcd.
NEW YORK, May 24. Tiie National
Security league, of which Joseph II.
Choate, ex-United States Ambassador
to Great Britain, is honorary president,
announced today that It is issuing a
call for a peace and preparation con
gress to be. hold in New York City
June 14 and 15.
The purpose of the meeting Is to In
quire into the necessary steps for ade
quate preparedness against war, and if
necessary urge on President Wilson the
need of calling a special session of
Congress to take steps In the matter.
ITALY STARTS CENSORSHIP
Cipher Telegrams N'o Longer Ad
mitted to or Iom Nation.
NKW YORK, May 24. Announcement
was made today that cipher telegrams
to and from Italy or for transmission
through Italy no longer are admitted.
Full-rate telegrams, written in plain
language, Kngllsh or French. f ad
mitted, but will be subject to censor
ship and senders' risk.
SWISS WILLSEND NO NOTE
Despite Los of Subjects on I.usl
tania No Protect Is Planned.
WASHINGTON. May 24. A denial of
the repoit that Switzerland would rend
a note to Germany on the sinking of
the Lusitauia was issued at the Swiss
Several Swiss subjects were lost in
LASSEN PEAK HAS
Volcano's Fury Some
BOULDERS ARE SIZZLING HOT
Rocks Snap Off Giant Trees
Like so Many Matches.
CREEK'S COURSE CHANGED
Alt I'cncrs In National 1-orCfl Ic
strojed standin Timber l'rllcd
and Set on l'irc. Only to Re
Put Out by Heavy Hains.
T:i;PLl."G. Cal., May 21. Greater
ruin was wrought by Saturday's erup
tion of Lassen Peak tfian first was
believed, according to stories brought
here tonight by returning investigat
Widespread damage to standing tim
ber was the most evident of the newly
d isioverei destruction done by the
mountain's eruption. The mud tor
rents and .the thowcrs of superheated
rocks and boulders are reported to
have, ruined a million feet of timber.
Trees were snapped off at their trunk
like matchwood anl the hail of hca.vv
stones swept through large areas of for
est like a gigant ic scyt he. Fallen timber
formed log Jambs in ome of the creek
beds and diverted their waters. Other
tangles of limber caught fire from the
hot lava, but rain ftoon qienchd tho
W .man llenrM Rambling.
Fred Seaborn, forext raiifcer, ho
has twice ridden down through Hat
'reek Valley to warn tho ranchers, re
turned today to his port at tile head
of ihe Vitlley, l.' iniiea nearer lo the
peak than others have ventured.
Mia wife, stationed nine miles uij
ll.it 'rek, closer to the t""ak than
any oilier -woman, sent in word that an
intense subterranean rumbling and
roi-ring rolled down from th-s region
of the mountain all day. It lnspiird
fear of a frenh outbreak.
The main mud stream stllj Is moving
down the valley, but It has cooled and
Roalrfer Fell (.lent Tree.
Sesborn tel. phoiiej a report in w hich
l.o s a Id :
"Karly reports of fires were not ex
aggerated. In addition to a million f
of timber destroyed In Lassen National
forest, many fires were started by the
semi-molten boulders or chunks of lavs.
Rain put out most of the flrr.i. Bouldcrn
rolled down tbe mountain for miles fell
ing giant trees. One boulder. 1" feet in
diameter, which traveled five miles, wan
found today to be reel hot. Lassen vas
in mild eruption this morning, but it
was nothing compared to what occurred
John YVltherow, of Bedding, n rid mem
bers of his party reported that they
found boulders as hot as the top of a
stove at Manzanita Iikr, several miles
from tho mountain, 48 hours after Sat
urday's eruption. .lasen's Meadow, they
said, was visited with a rain of hi o
and hot rocks numbering thousands.
Manzanita Creek was banked high with
splintered logs that changed the
SAN FRANCISCO. May 21. Lassen
peak's eruptions and mud floods bear
a close resemblance to those of Mouit
Vesuvius, Forcnt Service officials hero
l-'ruptlonn I.Ike YcmuvIiik.
Several years ago, in making a. study
of the La-ssen region. Profotsor J. VV.
Idller. of the United States Geological
Survey, pointed out striking similarity
of eruptions of Vesuvius and traces of
those of Cinder Cone pea.k. about eight
mites from Lassen. According to the
forestry officials. Lassen's recent out
bursts arc evett more like the Italian
volcano's than were thoFe of Cinder
Forest Supervisor W. J. Rushing, in
his official report to the Forest Serv
ice Office here today, confirmed the
reports that hot stones and boulders
had been thrown from the crater "a
distance of two and a half miles. Ignit
ing driftw-ood two miles away. Tbe
flow' down the north face had terrific
force, carrying rocks ten feet In
Lata Flow Expected.
Ruliff S. llolway, professor of
physical geography of the University
of California, said today that in all
probability a lava flow would follow
the recent outburst of Lassen peak.
Two Western Pacific overland trains
which arrived at Oakland late last
night were covered with ashes and a
film of mud thrown out by Lassen
peak during one of its violent erup
tions. Members of the crew reported they
first noticed the baptism of ashes near
Winnemucca, Nev., nearly 2u0 miles
east of Lassen. When only 100 miles
from the mountain, they said tbe trains
were enveloped in an ashen Joud so
dense they werc forced to decrease tin
speed because the headlights could not
Seoret Russian Me-age Ilroutlit.
NI"W . YORK. May 24. Scott, rt.
Hayes, son n' the late President
Rutherford B. Hayes, arrived here ln
ntcht from Copenhagen on the steam
ship United Slates with conlldenl ial
Government dlspatcnes from pet rum-ad
to Wai-hington. Itc was accompanied
by Mia. lUyes.
Concluded oil i'ag 2, column I )