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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 7, 1915)
VOL. LV.- NO. 1G,989.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, MAY 7, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CZAR'S AMY II
TRAP, SAYS FOE
Annihilation of Carpathian
Force Is Predicted.
50,000 REPORTED CAPTIVES
Jarnow Occupied and Sweep
From West Galicia Contin
ues, Asserts Vienna,
PETROGRAD DENIES DEFEAT
All Austro-German Versions
Scouted Geneva Hears
Teuton Allies Retreat.
VIENNA, via London. Way 6. The
ctraetglc achievement of rolling up a
hostile battle front by a flanking at
tack, of which ChancelJorsville is one
of the few successful examples in
modern history, is now in full progress
in West Galicia. Favored by contin
ued good weather, mile after mile ol
the Russian Carpathain front has
been rendered untenable by the
steady, unchecked Austro-German ad
vance. The Austrian cavalry and infantry
followed the Gorlice turnpike and
have already reached the "Wisloka
River. ' The supporting artillery
dropped shells on the road from Zml
grod to Jaslo, one of the principal
lines of retreat for the Russians in
the tukla region.
Kussians in Full Ke treat.
The Russian forces have been in full
retreat since ijairn of May 6, and are
being closely followed by the Austrian
Carpathian army, according to official
advices reaching here. More than 50,
000 prisoners have already been cap
tured by the Austrlans Jn West Ga
licia. Field Marshal ton Hoetzendorfs
plan is worklngA out with precise reg
ularity with respect to this section of
the front. Confidence is expressed by
headquarters that the principal por
tion of the Russian army under Gen
eral Radko Dlmitrieff, which is at
tempting to defend positions in the
""arpathians to the west of Lupkow
Tass, cannot make good its retreat.
Army Believed Doomed.
Detachments of this army may work
their way out. but it is declared that
the bulk of the army, with the heavy
artillery and baggage, can scarcely
succeed in avoiding capture, in view of
Field Marshal von Hoetzendorfs rapid
advance through the Gorlice breach in
Trogress on the northern half of the
front is slower. The Russians are
holding desperately to AVal Mountain
a fortified crest 1500 to 2000 feet
high, between the Biala and Dunajec
Rivers to enable them to get great
quantities of stores accumulated be
hind Tarnow away and cover the re
tirement of the armies to the south
ward. Heaviest Guns in Action.
The question as to whether the Rus
sians can make a successful stand on
the line of the Wisloka River is the
important one from the Austro-German
military viewpoint. If they can
not, the breach in tho Russian line is
considered complete and the situation
for the Russian Carpathian armies
would undoubtedly be critical.
The heaviest artillery was employed
in these operations. The 42-centimeter
mortars in action were, how
ever, not the noted German guns, but
of Austrian make. They were de
signed originally for coast defense
purposes, but have been found exceed
ingly valuable for land warfare. They
lire projectiles 650 pounds heavier
than the German mortar, and are un
derstood to be comparatively mobile
and quickly set up.
Small Howitzers Kt .N.tivc.
The effect of these mortars during
the artillery preparations for battle is
described as overpowering. Shells
from them have reached the supply
depots behind Tarnow.
The Austrlans also are equipped
with highly effective smaller howit
zers of a new type, which were put
into the field during the later stage of
VIENNA, via London, May 6. An
oflicial communication issued this
evening by the War Office says:
' "At 4 o'clock today the last Rus
sian positions on the heights east of
the Dunajec and the Biala Rivers were
gained by our troops.
Tarnow Is Captured.
"Tarnow was captured by us at 10
The Austrian southern wing has
crossed the Wislocka River. The Rus
.(. Concluded on Psge 'i. Column S.)
2 WOMEN BESIEGE
SCriTtAGISTS KEFTTSE .MESSAGE
Pair Insists, Without Avail, . on
Audience to Urge Reception of
Delegation in Philadelphia.
WASHINGTON, May 6 President
Wilson was beseiged in the White
House today by Mrs. Lawrence Lewis,
Jr., and Mrs. Harry . Lowenburg, two
Philadelphia women suffragists, who
refused to accept word from secretaries
that the President would be unable
to receive a delegation of suffragists
when he goes to Philadelphia Monday to
address several hundred newly natural
The two women visited the White
House several times, insisting that
they be allowed to see the President
personally, and were told, that he was
busy eelng other callers. They re
plied that they would remain at the
White House until they saw him.
At 1 o'clock the President went to
lunch. The women remained on guard.
After a long wait, they discovered
the President had left for the golf
links. They departed, but returned
to the White House at S o'clock. They
were told again that it was impossible
for the President to see them. They
said they would return tomorrow. Later
they went to the State Department to
see Secretary Bryan, but the Secretary
was engaged with the Chinese Minister.
CITY'S FIRST MAYOR QUITS
L. J. Simpson, of North Bend, to
Launch Congressional Campaign.
MARSHFIELD, Or., May 6. (Spe
cial.) Mayor L. J. Simpson, of North
Bend, one of four heirs to the A. M.
Simpson millions, announced today he
will offer his resignation at the next
session of the North Bend Council, to
become effective immediately. Mayor
Simpson said that in taking this action
he was clearing the way for his Con
gressional campaign,' which he expects
will require every moment of his time
when it is properly launched.
There also are affairs connected with
the Simpson estate which will need his
close attention for several months and
he felt he could not give the attention
it demands to the Mayor's office. The
retiring Mayor has been at the head of
the city of North Bend ever since it
was organized as a municipality nine
FRIENDLY ACT COSTS FEET
Brakcman Leaves Train to Do Er
rand and Is Hurt Jumping Back.
LACiRANDE, Or., May . (Special.)
To lose both m et because he wanted
to accommodate k' friend was the ex
perience of Walter Clark, brakeman on
the Grand Ronde Lumber Company's
logging train, who while trying to
catch the train out of Perry bound for
the camp slipped and fell under the
cars. The wheels ran over both legs.
Mr. Clark had run an errand for one
of his friends and was intending to
catch the train when tit passed the Up
per Flat, but failed.
He was brought to the hospital here
where ho received surgical care. His
left leg was taken off just above the
knee and the right leg Just above the
ankle joint. Mr. Clark is a young man
"3 years of age, strong and healthy.
His parents live in Southern Idaho.
BAKER OUSTS 3 SALOONS
Gambling and Other Llqnor Law
Violations Cause City to Act.
BAKER, Or.. May 6. (Special.)
Three saloons will be put out of busi
ness by today's action of the City Com
missioners in refusing to grant license
applications made by De Frcece & Corf
land, proprietors of the Resort; Frank
Weir, of the Nugget, and C. C. Cox,
of the Fawn saloons. It was shown
that Do Freece & Coffland had pleaded
guilty to allowing gambling, that a
woman had been permitted in Weir's
place, and liquor had been sold to a
minor in Cox's saloon.
Fourteen licenses were granted to
saloons. One year ago there were 20
saloons, but threo have quit because of
the coming of prohibition.
FERN SALAD LATEST DISH
Montesano Schools Report Bracken
Rich in Food Value.
ABERDEEN. Wash.. May 6. (Spe
cial.) The Montesano schools, after
experiments with common bracken or
ferns that grow wild throughout
Southwest Washington, report that the
ferns are exceedingly palatable as food.
Most of the dishes, which include ferns
with while sauce, fern greens, fern
salad, ferns on toast and ferns with
e&grs, are boiled 40 minutes or longer.
The hairs or scales are carefully re
moved with vegetable brushes or dry
cloths. This is compared favorably in
food value with gi-een peas, string
beans, cabbages, asparagus and lettuce.
FOREST FIRES IN CHECK
New Blazes Start In Chchalis Coun
ty, but Are Not Serious.
ABERDEEN, Wash.,- May 6. (Spe
cial.) Forest fires in all parts of the
county are said to be under control to
night. The fires In the west end of
the county, near Carlisle, are almost
out. The fire at the Shaffer Brotiiers
camp near Montesano, and that near
Malone, in the east end of the county,
are burning briskly but are under con
trol. New fires have started in the
logged-off lands in the east end of the
county near Porter and Saginaw, but
no danger Is expected, to result.
BRYAN ADHERES TO
Interest in Welfare of
FORMAL STATEMENT ISSUED
Government Has No Thought
of Giving Up Treaty Rights.
SURRENDER NEVER ASKED
Tender or Good Offices Ttegardcd as
Improbable, but Services Are .
at Disposal of Orientals if
They Are Desired.
WASHINGTON, May 6. The silence
which has been consistently maintained
by the United States with reference to
the Japanese-Chinese negotiations since
they began, nearly four months ago,
was broken tonight by the issuance of
a statement by Secretary Bryan ex
plaining the position of the American
The statement was prepared after
consultation with President Wilson.
While press reports had told of Japan's
decision to send an ultimatum to China,
no official information had been re
ceived to confirm this tonight.
Open-Door Poller Maintained.
The American Government, in its
pronouncement, in effect reiterates its
adherence to the open-door policy and
the maintenance of territorial integrity
of China, and points out that there has
been "no abatement of its interest in
the welfare and progress of China."
The "sole interest" of the United States
is declared to be that the negotiation
between Japan and China "may be con.
eluded in a manner satisfactory to both
nations," and thus contribute to the
"peace of the world."
The statement was interpreted in
some quarters as meaning that while
no tender of good offices would be
roade by the, Washington Government,
the services of the United States were
at the disposal of both countries should
they desire the assistance of any third
l ower to bring about a diplomatic set
tlement of the questions at issue.
Diplomat Call on Mr. Bryan.
Viscount Chlnda, the Japanese ambas
sador, and Kal Fu Shan, the Chinese
minister, sought separate interviews
with Sr. Bryan late today but declin
ed to discuss the subject of their visits.
It is believed they saw copies of the
statement of the American position, oc
casioned by the critical situation that
has arisen in the Far East. The text
of the statement follows:
"In order that there may be no mis
understanding of the position of the
United States in reference to the nego
tiations pending . between Japan and
China the following announcement is
"At the beginning of the negotiations
the Japanese government confidentially
4 Concluded on Pare 5, Column 1.)
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ltiMgi HEAR ABOUTp faZW&Zji'
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INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
IESTERDAY'8 Maximum temperature, 79.
degree; minimum. 61. a decrees.
TODAY'S Friday fair and colder; westerly
. . ... . 1 . , V. T I - n .V
Portland and Portland celebrat- -.at
royally.. Page 1. , O
Oregon City locks ceremonlo' ovedicated.
Joyous greeting given fleet at Vancouver.
Astoria ready for finale of week- canal
celebration. Page 7.
Craft and alrena welcome flagship Undine
on return to harbor. Paga 7.
Russian army In Carpathians doomed to
annihilation, says Vienna. Page 1.
Exiled Khedive expects to regain throne of
Egypt. Page 1.
Germans report driving French from Allly
wood, with heavy losses In killed and
Germans preparing to attack Tlbau and
Riga and threaten communications with
Petrograd. Page 'i.
British . steamship passengers see battle
along Sues Canal. Page o.
Japan notifies China ultimatum will be
given unless demands are met without
condition. Page 6.
Rate expert presents profit basis estimated
on value of goods carried. Paga ft.
Bryan issues statement reiterating adher
ence to open-door policy In China,
Women seeking Interview besiege President
Wilson in vain. Page 1.
Taft commends Wilson's policy of neutrality.
Engagement of noted Eastern society belles
announced. Page 3.
Pennsylvania labor leader ssys he advised
men to "learn to shoot," to resist con
stabulary. Page S.
Pacific Coast League results Portland 7,
San Francisco 4 11 Innings); Salt Lake
7. Oakland 5; Loa Angeles 7, Venice i
Giants keep up recent winning streak.
New York Americans win great 13-!nnin
game, from Boston Red Sox. Page 14.
Matty suggests that McGraw could end
baseball war by breaking Feds. Page 15.
Derrick is leading first basemen of Coast
League. Page 15.
Commercial and Marine.
New municipal dock to be turned over
to Commission today. Page 18.
Wool market, Improves at London and Bos
ton, as well as . Hi West. Page 11).
Pressure on stocks reduced and prices ad
vance. Page 19.
Chicago market weakened by fine crop re
ports. Page 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
Weather, report, data and forecast. Page IS.
Water meter project to be voted on la
June would cost more than tl.OOO.OOO.
Candidates for city offices plan active cam
paigns in final weeks. Page SO.
E. W. Otten killed when jitney bus casts
' wheel. Page 8.
Rev. W. O. Shanks, at Baptist conference,
says church must meet economic needs.
Fighting in Dardanelles pressed by allies.
Opera season at Baker Theater to close
Sunday Bight. Page 13.
Rose show mill be held this year, as usual,
during Rose jTeatlval. Page 13.
BOTHA OCCUPIES JUNCTION
Important Point - Taken bf Forced
March Over Waterless Waste.
CAPI3 TOWN, May 6, via London,
May '7. The following official state
ment was issued today:
"General Botha has occupied the Im
portant railway Junction of Karibib
and other stations (German Southwest
Africa), lie expects to occupy Wind
huk soon. Large Quantities of rolling
stock, including seven locomotives,
were taken at Karibib.
"The town was occupied after a
forced march of 36 miles over a water
less waste, under conditions of heat,
thirst and hunger which called for the
greatest resolution and grit."
FAINT HEART NEVER WON FAIR LADY.
EXILED KHEDIVE 15
FEED WITH HOPE
Abba Hilmi Expects to
PEOPLE LONG TO BE FREE
Sultan's Suzerainty Fair but
Egypt Has Own Ambitions.
TURKEY. NOW SUPPORTED
Debt to American Educators and En
gineers Freely Admitted Open
Break With Britain Follows
Hint to Stay in Italy.
BT KARL II. VON WIEGAND.
(Special Staff Correspondent of the New
Tork World. By rsble. Copyright. It1.1, by
the Press Publishing Company. Published
VIENNA, via The Hague, May 1.
An emphatic denial of the report that
the English government had at any
time requested him to return to Kgypt.
or that he had re
fused to comply
with such request,
t o g e thcr with a
declaration that he
has neither abdicat
ed -nor renounced
his right to the
was made in a
statement to me to
day by Abbas Ililmi
Pasha. Khedive of
Egypt, whom the
when Turkey en
tered the war.
The successor to
Egypt is living as
the Pharaohs of
a private citizen
in the Imperial Hotel in Vienna, where,
through a friend of many years in the
Egyptian service, the Khedive received
me and told for the first time some
thing about the break between himself
and the British, resulting in his loss
of the throne.
Kngllah Have Kot Creed Iteturn.
"No, t is not true the English asked
me to return to Egypt. Quite on the
contrary, I was given to understand
I was not to return, and that was made
so plain there could bo no misunder
standing of It," the Khedive declared
in good English as he handed me cig
arettes. Abbas Hilmi Pasha does not like to
be referred to as "ex-Khedive." He
still considers himself the rightful
ruler of the land of the Pharaohs.
"How docs it come that Your High
ness is in Vienna Instead of Cairo?" I
Khedive I rged Kot to Hasten Back.
"I was in Constantinople recovering
from a wound Inflicted by a would be
assassin when the war broke out. 1
intended leaving immediately for
Egypt, but the English advised mo not
to hurry back, that everything In
Concluded on I'ago
Karl II. Vast
Thursdays War Moves
THE-Germans, in concert with their
Austrian allies, are putting forth
an effort the extent of which has never"
been approached In the history of war.
Throughout virtually the whole length
of the eastern front they are engaged
with the Russians, while in the west.
In addition to their attacks around
At other points they are being at
tacked by the French, British and Bel
Ear up in the Russian Baltic prov
inces, heretofore untouched by the war,
the Germans are attempting to advance
toward Ubau and Rtga; on the East
Prussian frontier they are engaged In
a series of battles and with a big gun
are bombarding at long range, as they
did Dunkirk, the Russian fortress of
Grodno; in Central Poland they have
had to defend themselves against a
Russian attack; in Western Galicia they
are attempting, with all their strength,
to smash the Russian flank and com
pel the Russians to abandon the Carpa
thian passes, which they gained at
heavy cost during the Winter.
In the Western Galician battle the
Germans assert that they have made a
still greater advance and have crossed
the Wisloka River, which is well to the
east of the Dunajec River, which, until
a few days ago, formed part of th
Russian front, and have put their hands
firmly on iJukla Pass.
In conjunction with this attack from
the west the Austrlans are attempting
to drive the Russians from Lupkow
Pass, farther to the . east, and with
success, according to the German ac
count. The Germans say they have
taken 40,000 Russian prisoners since
the offensive was undertaken last Sat
urday night. The Austrlans put the
number at more than S0.0JO. and ex
press the belief that the whole Rus
sian Third Army will be destroyed.
These reports show that the Austro
German blow is meeting with the
greatest success on the northern slopes
of the Western Carpathians, for
towards the upper Vistula the Russians
appear to be in their old positions.
Despite the claims of the Austrians
and Germans, the Russian representa
tives in the European capitals reiterate
that the victory has been greatly ex
aggerated and the public is waiting
to hear what Grand Duke Nicholas.
Commander-in-Chief of tho Russian
forces, has to say about it.
The Germans also lay claim to a
series of successes in the west. They
report that they are continuing to
make progress southeast of Tpres,
which, however, is hardly borne out
by Field Marshal French, who says
that the British have recaptured more
of the trenches which they had lost
on Hill 60. and that fighting is still
progressing in that neighborhood,
while elsewhere the Germans have
shown no disposition to attack.
There are reports that tho Germans
are about to make another determined
effort to take Tpres. which is consid
ered the key to the French coast ports.
The Pall Mall Gazette said last night:
"It is folly to say that Tpres hns
more of political than of military im
portance. The Germans would be more
encouraged by success at Tpres than
by anything since tho fall of Antwerp.
If such an event occurs, we must in
stantly recognize it and admit it to
be a defeat, and a grave one. In place
of a party cabinet a national ministry
ought then to be formed and a now mil
itary levy made. Happily there is yet
no need to anticipate a retreat from
Ypres, much less a German march to
Dunkirk and Calais."
Other German assertions relate to
successes in the Woevre, where they
say in an attack along the northern
side of the St. Mihiel wedge they took
upwards of C0OO prisoners and that they
repulsed French attacks on the south
ern section of the wedge near Flirey.
This, as usual- during the last few
weeks, entirely disagrees with the
French account of the actions.
Of the operations in tho Dardanelles
up to Sunday, Premier Aaquith gave
the House of Commons some news yes
terday, although the number of troops
landed was withheld. As 211,000 were
landed the first day and the disem
barkation continued for a week, while
the French have also joined the British
and Australasians on the Gallipoli Pen
insula, It is apparent that the force is
a formidable one.
The Premier, while issuing a warn
ing that the casualties were heavy, paid
a glowing tribute to the troops.
through whose exertions considerable
progress towards the Narrows has
An Athens dispatch says that the
Turks have again been defeated.
Pctroerad dispatcher report that fur
ther defeats have been inflicted on the
Turks on the Turco-Persian frontier,
near Dilman. and near Olti. on the Cau
CHILDREN GET FRUIT TREES
Nursery at -Spokane Gives Apple,
Pear and Peach Stock to All.
SPOKANE. Wash., May 6. (Special.)
Several thousand apple and peach
trees and a few pear trees were given
away by J. P. Patton.-f the Oregon
Nursery Company, today to children in
the home garden contest.
Each" comer received two trees, a
peach and an apple, but there wae such
a demand that the peach trees became
exhausted and pear trees were substi
tuted. No one complained and arms
were outstretched as eagerly as before.
Many boys got four trees, saying that
they had brothers at home who could
Swedish Ship Hummed by German.
STOCKHOLM, via London. May 6.
The Swedish steamer Vanadis was
rammed yesterday while at anchor off
the Island of Feinern by tiie German
auxiliary cruiser Silvana. The crew
ROYAL WELCOME IS
Portland Rejoices Over
HARBOR PARADE SPECTACLE
Distinguished Visitors Partici
pate in Street Pageant.
CHILDREN'S DRILL FEATURE
Dual Kvcnts of Celilo Canal Open
ing and Government Ownership
of Oregon City Locks Cele
brated AVitli Enthusiasm.
A steam vessel, the river boat Un
dine, yesterday completed successfully
a round trip voyage from Portland to
Lewlston, Idaho, and return, and Port
land did its mightiest to celebrate the
It was the first time in history that
such a thing had been done. Comple
tion of the canal between The Dalles
and Celilo has mtdo possible contin
uous and uninterrupted navigation far
up into the Cofumbla and the Snake
rivers, and If the inspiration that
guided the builders of the new arti
ficial waterway was founded on sound
reasoning a steady and growing volume
of freiRht and passenger traffic will be
handled through it.
Demonstration la Imposing.
So confident are the people of Port
land that completion of this canal will
be the means of developing the great
Columbia basin to increased usefulness
and increased productivity of Its ex
pensive acres that they gave issue to
one of the most Imposing demonstra
tions ever witnessed here.
Coupled with the Celilo celebration
was the Jollification over the Govern
ment's purchase of the locks around
the falls of the Willamette at Oregon
City, and the people tried their best
to do fitting honor to tho two occa
sions. Paradra Are f-peclacular.
A great flashy river parade, a spec
tacular street pageant, a series of ora
torical exercises and numerous other
demonstrations were provided out
lets for Portland's intense enthusiasm.
Wllen the steamer Undine the first
vessel completing the round trip be
tween Portland and Lcwiston arrived
in the lower harbor at 2 o'clock she
was welcomed by an imposing fleet of
river craft. When Admiral Gray and
his optimistic passengers disembarked
at the municipal dock at Stark street
at 2:30 they were received by the street
parade and tens of thousands of Joyous,
(.roric I. Maker Parade Manaaer.
The crowds watching the parado as
sumed Rose Festival proportions. On
all of the principal streets the side
walks weru banked with a solid mam
of spectators, and office windows and
other vantage points were all occupied.
The sidewalks were roped off by the
fire bureau so that the crowds were
kept off the streets, and there was no
Interference with the parado.
George L. Baker, chairman of the
committee in charge of the pageant,
lan it off promptly on time and the
alfalr was a complete autcess. He
kc,t personal watch over the parade
and guarded against any untoward
Old Soldiers t.lirn Plare f Honor.
Kmpbasizing the patriotic note that
wa introduced into the Celilo Canal
celubration Wednesday, when members
of the Grand Army of the Republic
raided the flag at Big Kddy. old sol
diers were given a place of honor in
theparade yc-tcrday. A dozen auto
were filled with the Civil War veter
an., and their appearance was applaud
ed at many points throughout the line
In the forward car of the Grand
Army section rode General II. y. J'argo,
department commander for Oregon:
Captain James I". Shaw, Robert
Markec, chief of staff, and II. S. Ham
ilton, color bearer, who carried a hug
American flag. Other machines bore
two score additional Grand Army vet
erans. Cberrlana Take Part. ,
Among the most attractive out-of-town
features were the Chcrrlans. of
Salem, attired in natty whlto uniforms.
They won much applause.
One of the most pleasing aectlona of
the parade was that composed of 7&0
school children, uniformly dressed and
marching under the direction of Rob
ert Krohn, supervisor of physical train
ing. The girls wore white dresses and
the boys white blouses, and all wore
paper caps of happy childhood memory.
each one of which was a paper boat
featuring Celilo. Small American flags
were worn on the caps.
Ladd. Shattuck and Couch schools
furnished 230 pupils for the parude and
Principals Kiggins, Draper and Fletch
er aided in drilling tho children ami
marched with them yesterday, serving
as lieutenants to Professor Krohn.
lvolatlona Win Applause.
The pupils performed great mary
pretty evolutions as . they marched
through the etrcets. following closely
the orders of their leaden, and tho
youngsters met everywhere with ap
plause from the spectators. They were
warm favorites ilon; the entire line of
The city fire bureau was well rep
tCuucluded ou i'use S, Column -.J