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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 5, 1915)
THE MORNTNO ORFOOTCTA TT. WEDNESDAY, MAY 5, 1915.
Entered at Portland, Oregon. PostoSica aa
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MAY S, 1915.
TOO SIX ( H GOVERNMENT.
Senator Weeks', comments on the
Crowing interferencetf tho- Govern
ment with private . business are given
added weight by-tho controversy be
tween the Treasury Department and
the Biggs National Bank of Washing
ton, D. C. Mr. Weeks said that he
had read the correspondence between
the Controller of the Currency and
the Riggs bank and that no banker
could read that correspondence with
out feeling cold shivers run down his
It is charged that Secretary McAdoo
tnd Controller Williams have used
their supervisory power to persecute
the Rlggs bank for the gratification
if private vengeance. They have au
thority to see that the bank is solvent
.nd is conducted according to' law,
but they are accused of having at
tempted to dictate to it in matters
which are its own concern and of hav
ing thus attempted practically to run
the bank. This interference was re
sented by the- bank, and its officers
accuse the two officials named of
having withdrawn Government de
posits , from it and ' of having insti
gated " withdrawal of other " busi
ness. Were not the Rlggs bank un
commonly strong and had It not the
backing of the National City Bank of
New York It could not have withstood
such attacks. Its experience may well
cause a tremor to run through any
banker whose institution lacks these
advantages and which may incur the
displeasure of the autocrats in the
Treasury Department. Had these of
ficials exercised with impartiality the
powers they have assumed, individual
Initiative and competition in banking
would be destroyed. The perils of the
situation are enhanced when lawful
authority is thus exceeded for the
gratification of a personal grudge.
The Oregonian feels the more free
to condemn such treatment of banks
because when the Federal reserve law
was under discussion we held fears of
political control over banks to be
without cause. We refused to believe
that any man occupying such high po
sitions of trust as those of Secretary
of the Treasury and Controller of the
Currency would prostitute his powers
to political or personal ends. There
is now good reason to believe that the
very misdeeds then held to be highly
Improbable have been done before the
Federal reserve banks have been in
actual operation for six months.
The Riggs bank case brings to the
front the whole subject of Govern
ment activity in and regulation of
business. Such abuses had grown up
under unrestricted private conduct of
business that the Interstate Commerce
Commission was created and Its pow
ers have several times been extended
and the Sherman anti-trust -law was
passed. When the Monetary Com
mission proposed a Federal reserve
system under control of a federation
of banks with a minority of Govern
xnent directors, a cry went up that
this would clinch financial control by
the "money trust." The late Congress
passed substantially the same meas
ure with the exception that it substi
tuted control by the Government for
control by the banks. A commission
has also been created to regulate in
ternal trade and is vested .with au
thority to declare when competition
Is and is not fair.. The people felt so
keenly the ills inflicted upon them by
unregulated railroad,' the money
trust and the industrial trusts that
they set up these new rules.
If the conduct of the two principal
members of the Federal Reserve
Board be any criterion we have not
greatly mended, and may have weak
ened our condition as regards banks
and we have cause to fear what the
Federal Trade Commission may do to
industry. The Interstate Commerce
Commission has done some valuable
service and is the least open to criti
cism, but it, too, has shown a disposi
tion to stretch its power by settfng
aside fundamental natural laws
through motives of policy. No other
explanation can be found for the de
cision In the intermountain rate cases.
Kxpress rates which were excessive,
have been reduced below a profitable
scale. The advances In freight rates
were first denied and then delayed.
for no apparent cause than fear of
clamor from railroad-baiters.
Public regulation of business has
- fallen far short of the expectations of
its advocates, but we are offered not
merely more regulation but actual
operation of business by the Govern
ment. The Postoffice Department 4s
far from efficient and its parcel post
rates are full of glaring absurdities,
such as aAyro In traffic business could
detect. It shows a deficit by robbing
the railroads with no apparent excuse
except that the railroads formerly
robbed the postofflce; also by depriv
ing settlers on the frontier of postal
service. Yet it has the audacity to
ask authority to mismanage tele
graphs and telephones also. The banks
are to be subjected to regulation in
. the smallest detail by vindictive offi
cials. The water owned by the West
ern states is to be leased and taxed by
a Federal bureau and the Government
is to be the perpetual landlord of a
huge estate equal to the personal
holdings of the Czar. We are to be
given proof that the converse of Jef
ferson's dictum is true, namely, that
that government governs worst which
In this tendency of the Government
to meddle with, regulate and run
everything may be found the explana
tion! of the slow and hesitant pace at
which prosperity returns and enter
prise revives. With abundant capital
in the banks, great crops selling at
high prices and an active foreign de
mand for our products, wo have all
the elements of prosperity except one
confidence. The people lack confi
dence, not in business conditions, for
they are sound, but in the Govern
ment. Men fear to launch new enter
prises because they cannot feel confi
dent that the Government 'will per
mit them to run their own business
and earn their just reward. The Riggs
bank case is ominous of a state of
mind on the part of the Government
which has produced a corresponding
state of mind among the people.
THE HUGHES STATEMENT.
Justice Hughes announces that he
is "not available" for the Presidency.
He is not in any sense a candidate. He
cannot permit his name to be used.
He is a member of the Supreme Court
of the United States, and it is clear
that he put all ambitions for the Pres
idency behind him when he assumed
the ermine. Three years ago, in the
most positive terms, Justice Hughes
forbade the use of his name in con
nection with the Republican Presiden
tial nomination, and it is not - at all
surprising that he should reaffirm
Justice Hughes considers it beneath
the dignity of a judge to aspire for
political office. It is more, in his es
timate. It is a violation, of a true con
ception of a judge's duty to his con
science and to his oath. He should
be a judge, and nothing else. He
should regard, all matters of purely
private concern in an entirely imper
sonal way, and he should Jiot permit
himself to be influenced, consciously
or unconsciously, by any consideration
but the public welfare and justice be
tween litigants. :j No, man can be a
safe and true judge and at the same
time be seeking great honor or glory
The high integrity of the Judge's
motives and the fundamental sound
ness of his position must be conceded.
Yet it is conceivable that a judge
might be impressed as a candidate for
the Presidency without . dishonor to
himself, and with real benefit to the
Nation. , Let us suppose that a Na
tional convention, unable to agree
upon a candidate for the Presidency,
but united in its opinion of the merits
of a certain judge, should unanimous
ly turn to him and ask him to accept
the nomination. There would be no
taint or suspicion of connivance on his
part in such a consummation, and the
call upon him .would . be sincere and
spontaneous. How could any man re
fuse to heed such a demand upon
TILE JITNEY FIASCO.
A report from Seattle that suit has
been brought against that city for large
damages for injuries suffered in a jit
ney accident emphasizes the derelic
tion of the Portland City Commission.
The theory on which the suit is based
is that the jitney Is a common carrier
and as such it was the duty of the
municipality so to regulate its opera
tion that the welfare of ifs patrons
would be safeguarded.
It may be a fanciful theory that the
city by neglect of duty to regulate
common carriers becomes financially
liable for personal injuries they in
flict, but there can be no logical de
nial that that duty exists. Since the
accident occurred which is the basis
of the action jitneys have been put
under bond in Washington and other
regulations have been imposed. In
Portland they now operate as they
will without restraint and no bond for
protection of passengers is given or is
to be required.
The ordinance adopted by the Com
mission, lacking as it does a bonding
provision and weak as it is in other
particulars, has been subjected to the
referendum. The opportunity to vote
on it satisfies no one except those who
favor no regulation whatever. If
adopted it will possess that assumed
sanctity which attaches to "the peo
ple's laws" and discourages their
amendment; if defeated it will be pre
sumed that the public desires no jit
The Commission has been negligent
in not providing a suitable ordinance
with an emergency clause attached
There is an emergency. The public
safety is directly involved. The emer
gency, it is true, would ' have fore-
stalled a 'referendum, but a city elec
tion was near at hand and public dis
approval, if that doubtful element ex
isted, could have been as well ex
pressed in an initiated measure re
pealing the one in force as in a refer
endum. Even assuming that an im
proper hardship bad been imposed on
the Jitneys in defiance of public opin
ion, that hardship would have been
But the vote on the ordinance will
mean nothing. The "noes" will repre
sent the combined opinions of those
who want no regulation and of those
who desire more and better regula
tion. The "ayes" will represent those
who believe something ought to be
done .with the jitney problem, but are
indifferent as to what it shall be.
UNCUS SAM: PRICE BOOSTER.
When the Government inaugurated
the forestry conservation policy it was
presumed that the National forests
would not only serve as a permanent
source of timber supply but that the
Government through ownership of
forests would regulate the market
price of timber. Instead of utilizing
the National forests to bear prices the
Forest Service for years has demanded
the prevailing price for stumpage.
Whenever the price of private stump
age has gone up the Government price
has climbed to the same level. At no
time has the Government undertaken
to force down the market price of
timber .by underselling its private
There Is not an exact parallel be
tween th forestry problem and the
power problem, for the Government
does not propose to develop power.
But the Government does propose to
lease its power sites and derive .reve
nue from them. The Government will
Impose conditions on its power lessees
that will not be imposed on the pri
vate power companies which were in
the field ahead of the Government
and own their own sites. Moreover,
long-distance Federal regulation tends
to increase the cost of the commodity
regulated. Whenever the Government
attempts to derive revenue from water
powers not already appropriated and
regulate their use at long range, it
will put the private companies in a
preferred position. Either they will
underbid among consumers the proj
ects held under Government lease or
they will increase their own rates. In
the first event new development will
be discouraged. In the second, the
Government will have done as it has
with the forests encouraged a rise In
the cost of an Important commodity
For these reasons Secretary Dane
was not fortunate in the choice of an
argument in favor of the Ferris wa-
i.mnw.r .Hi Th rrt
that waterpower companies were pre!
paring to effect a combination which
would control fifty per cent of the
developed power of the West, con
cerns companies which have pested
rights. They own their power sites
and they have established themselves
in a way which subjects them to state
regulation but not Federal regulation.
The Ferris bill would not extend Fed
eral regulation over them and It
would affect only water power devel
opments of the future on sites owned
by the Government.
Nor la the Ferris 'bill needed to
forestall a possible monopolistic grab
of power sites at present unappro
priated. Such sites are now effect
ually reserved by the Government.
The bill fills no need in that respect
and offers no permanent relief from
existing or prospective power monopo"
lies. " The Government power sites
ought to be opened to development,
but under terms that not only would
prevent trust control, but would en
courage capital to invest in them. But
to make development possible only
by payment of a license or rental
which inevitably falls upon the con
sumer and does not come back to him
remotely or otherwise is not only
needless but unbearable.
BIERCE'S WRITING 8.
The San Francisco Argonaut con
tributes a critical and discriminative
analysis of the literary character of
Ambrose Blerce presumably the late
Ambrose Bierce inspired by renewed
reports of his death in Mexico. It is
taken for granted that the story of his
appearance with the allied armies in
Europe is groundless; and that noth
ing definite or authentic has been
heard from him In America since De
cember, 1913, when he wrote a letter
to his secretary at Washington giving
the Information that he was with
Villa's army. Bierce was more than
70 years of age, and in bad health.
and it is easy to assume that he met
his fate in some tragic way In the
midst of the Mexican conflagration.
The Argonaut places Bierce at the
head of California's literary army, for
it is impossible to deny his real genius;
but it says that he lacked wofully the
element of constructiveness In his
writings and for that' re&sort- his tal
ents were largely unrecognized. Says
Bierce wa rarely or never constructive.
He was forever festooned with the scalps of
his enemies, and he made enemles'and mur
dered them with the hand, or rather with
the pen, of the expert. But he was never a
builder. He had gibbets for our mistakes,
but never a laurel for our virtues. He
could wield the lash with a certain pitiless
deiisht In the process, but the equally po
tent implement of praise and encourage
ment was not in his equipment.
, It is said that early disappointment
in love soured Bierce's nature and
that like the murderer in Macbeth, he
was so "Incensed" that he "reckless
what he did to spite . the world."
But the tale is probably apochryphal.
The men who fall to get over their
early love affairs or their one early
affair, if they are so unfortunate as
to have had only one exist only in
story books. A predisposition to mor
bidness may Indeed have been aggra
vated by disappointment and misfor
tune, and he became the stormy petrel
of American literature who made sor
did tragedy his handmaid and the in
nocent ambitions and harmless deeds
of minor men the subjects of his bru
tal and sportive fancy. There are in
deed one or two gentle tales from
Bierce's pen, but they were excep
tional. The domirfant note of his for
mal writings was horror, and of his
newspaper offerings a bitter and ma
The writings of Bierce" have been
collected by some one and published
In a set of fourteen or fifteen volumes.
They are gloomy reading.
A. TROPICA!. CIVILIZATION.
A United States official who has
seen public service both in Cuba and
in the CanaT Zone expresses highly
encouraging opinions about the future
of the tropical regions of the world.
In his opinion those regions, in spite
of their present drawbacks, are des
tined to develop a more advanced civi
lization than has been seen elsewhere,
He seems to expect that the shores of
the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean
Sea will some day xcel the rest of
the American continent in art and lit
erature, much as the Mediterranean
region has at times excelled Central
and Western Europe.
There are some obvious grounds for
views of this kind. The tropical parts
of the earth are far more productive
than the temperate zones. Labor is
more disagreeable on account of the
enervating temperature, but this is
compensated by its greater returns.
Moreover, the difficulty of working
continuously in the tropics is in
creased by the obstinate disposition of
Europeans and Americans to cling to
their native habits of life. They in
sist upon dressing as they did at home
and frequently refuse to modify their
diet. The results of such unreason
are usually disastrous. 'No doubt the
more northerly peoples will ultimately
learn how to accommodate themselves
to tropical conditions as far as food,
dress and hours of labor are con
cerned, and we shall then hear less
about the depressing effects of life
The -world's best civilization has
thus far uniformly developed in the
temperate regions of the Northern
Hemisphere, ut perhaps there is no
insuperable obstacle to something still
better appearing in the tropics. There
is already great promise of advance
ment in Australia and other parts of
the Southern Hemisphere, but those
lands again are in a temperate zone.
REPUBLICAN BUT PROGRESSIVE.
Political tendencies in the West are
being studied for the Outlook by
Frederick M. Davenport. The nature
of these tendencies is indicated by the
fact that Mr. Davenport, who was Pro
gressive candidate "for Governor of
New York last year, treats the Pro
gressive party as no longer a factor
He discusses the prospects of the Re
publican party in 1916 as hinging on
its choice between reactionary and
progressive leaders and programme,
assuming that, with the progressive
element in control, the Republican
party will receive the support of those
who turned against it In 1912, while
reactionary control of the Republic
ans would mean Democratic triumph
He considers no third party as a fac
tor. Thus by implication another
Progressive party leader returns to the
Mr. Davenport finds no trend toward
reaction in Michigan and Minnesota,
the states he discusses in the current
Outlook. Michigan, which voted for
Mr. Roosevelt in 1912, "is in general
thoroughly recommitted to Republic
anism," but It is "established as a
commonwealth of progress." Though
the state "would like to be Repub
lican, if there is any monkeying with
popular freedom, Wilson will run far
ahead of his ticket" in 1916. Of Min
l nesota he says:
L."- SSSFi! ZuXl.
. . , 1 think Minnesota wants to be Ke-
publican in 1816, but how that state will
sideswipe a reactionary candidate or a re
actionary platform. Minnesota la perma
Mr. Davenport also found. an earn
est effort in Western States to put
their government on an economical
business basis, and he declares that
the time has come for enlisting in the
service of the ' people, not Installing
In control of the Government such
progressive business men as Henry
Ford and Thomas A. Edison.
The people are in no mood to put
the reactionaries in power as the only
refuge from Democratic incapacity
and depression. That is the conclu
sion to be drawn, not only from Mr.
Davenport's articles, but from the ut
terances . of progressives who re
mained true to their party in 1912,
also from the almost entire tone of
the press. With great efEort and with
much mutual recrimination the peo
ple have rescued the parties and the
Government from the hands of the
bosses and machines and have taken
affairs into their own hands. They
are now disposed to settle down quiet
ly in the new groove, watchful against
any attempt to regain control for the
purpose of serving the selfish few but
ready to welcome the aid of big busi
ness men in running the Government
for the service of all. '
Next year promises to be a good
year for the Republican party if it
rejects the leadership and advice of
the men who led It Into the ditch.
Those who would turn the party from
the course which its masses wish to
follow must be rebuffed at the outset,
for the voters have acquired the habit
of independent voting. If called upon
to choose between the two evils of
Democracy and reaction, they might
prefer Democracy, even after four
years of that bitter medicine.
Here Is a typical Democratic cam
paign arraignment of "reactionary
Mark Hanna was Its exemplar, Aldrich Its
sreat captain, and Penrose is its high priest.
Piatt was one of Its cunning, crafty, secret
manipulators and Mr. Roosevelt has ad
mitted to us how it controlled at Albany,
how It administered the Vice-Presidency,
and how It even- Invaded the American
White House and helped exercise personal
dominion there, not stopping- at the dis
cussion of campaign ' contributions with a
Hariiman. accepting the guidance of a Mor
gan in giving a quietus to a competitor of
the steel trust, and authorizing no prose
cution of great -corporations that had been
generous campaign contributors It Is a
kind of Republicanism against which nearly
4.000,000 Lincoln Republicans protested In
JW1Z. when they abandoned the old guard
leadership of the Hoots, Lodges, Cannons
and Penroses and went by regiments, brl-
gaaes ana divisions into tne ranks or tne
Progressive party. They are Lincoln Repub
licans, but not Penrose Republicans.
These 4,000,000 .Lincoln Republi
cans left the Republican party, no
doubt,:; because they wanted to put
back in the White House a President
who permitted the bosses to "invade"
its sacred doors, discussed campaign
contributions there with a Ham man,
accepted the guidance of a Morgan,
and refused to prosecute certain fa
A tunnel through the Gallipoli Pen
insula near the neck, say from Kara-
lik to Cukuragan, would admit the al
lies to the Sea of Marmora and en
able them to Invest Constantinople.
The troops already on the peninsula
could dig the tunnel in a few weeks
with the aid of plentiful dynamite.
The expense would probably be less
than It will cost to reduce the Dar
The British Cabinet was sharply di
vided on the question of entering the
war. For some hours its action was
uncertain, but finally the bolder opin
ion prevailed. There was some ex
pectation that the government would
be wrecked by Internal dissensions,
but after Burns and Lord Morley re
signed harmony was restored and it is
stronger now than ever before.
The teachers in the Franklin High
School have made an interesting ap
plication of the "extension" idea. On
Friday afternoons they give lectures
to the pupils of the Creston School.
It is pleasant to note the gradual dis
appearance of the notion that a teach
er's duties are strictly limited by the
walls of his classroom.
Dr. Marcellus' all-Summer cam
paign against files ought to bring re
sults. A few days aimless swatting
of the pests is ail very well as an
amusement, but more thorougH""vork
is required to extirpate them. It must
begin by destroying their breeding
Russians are not responsible for all
the casualties this Spring. An Aus
trian working on the Hood River
highway exarmining a charge of dyna
mite that was slow in exploding vol
planed into a canyon seventy-five feet
Great Britain is now going after the
real fighting men, with drop of the
standard to five feet one inch. The
six-footer looks grand on parade, but
it is the sawed-off Tommle who fights.
All the murders in the Colorado
strike were not committed by Lawson
and his followers. Justice will not be
done until the murderers among the
mine guards are also convicted. '
The patrolman who went to sleep
on duty offered valid excuse and will
be forgiven. He worked overtime be
bween beats, which, by the way, is a
bad practice In the bureau.
Oregon clams are said to be excep
tionally fine thfs Spring and it is to
be hoped the supply will last until the
beach resorts are well populated.'.
The Sebastian case at Los Angeles
is reaching the acute stage, now that
he is being shot at through the win
dow of'hls home.
Ground squirrels in Douglas will
chatter in glee when the news spreads
that a woman hunting them shot her
self in the foot.
The Kaiser is said to look much
older. Why not? He has troubles on
hand that will' bring lines into his
Those were heartless robbers who
rode in a Jitney bus and despoiled the
chauffeur of his collection of nickels,
The American ambassadors are be
coming ambassadors for all nations
which are not on speaking terms.
Nothing but severe prison penalties
will put a stop to reckless driving1 of
It is high time Kitchener's army
began "the war.
Greetings to the great port of Lew.
All aboard for Celllot
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian. May 5, 1S00.
Washington Senator Hearst is mak
ing a strong bid for the construction
of two battleships for the Pacific Coast.
He says the ships are of more value,
as they can go out and meet the enemy
Instead of waiting for the enemy to
come. He wants two men-o'-war sta
tioned outside the Golden Gate.
At ..Senator Mitchell's request the
mail route between Oswego and Wll-
sonvllle has been ordeVed changed so
as to include Aurora.
Stillwater, Minn. Millions of feet of
fine and valuable timber are being de
stroyed by forest fires in the St, Croix
The National Baseball League of
Great Britain has been completed and
plans for Introducing the "American
National game on the Island have not
materialized. The principal football
grounds of the country will be utilized
E. T. Bartlett reports four feet of
now in the Hungry Creek raining
country in Jackson county.
Albert Haynes, a Union County
rancher, was thrown from his horse and
one of his bones thrust out of the
socket. He was badly gashed on the
Hon. E. L. Smith, of. Hood River. Or.,
who was secretary of Washington Ter
ritory for three years under- 'General
Grant's Administration, and Speaker of
the House of the last Legislative As
sembly of Oregon, will go to Olympia
to reside. He will be associated with
T. C Van Epps in the real estate busi
ness. Mr, and Mrs. Cummings, who reside
on a ranch near Shanghai, were badly
burned last week. They were burning
a big log when Mrs. Cummlngo' clothe
caught and when Mr. Cummings at
tempted to aid her he also was burned.
Charles C. Bell, a prominent citizen
of Minneapolis, accompanied by his es
timable young wife, has been spending
a few. days in Portland. "Portland re
minds me more of Minneapolis than
any place on the Coast," said Mr. Bell
yesterday. "I was here two years ago
and now I am astonished at the growth
In that time." Mr. Bell and Mrs. Bell.
who was formerly Miss Clara Pearson.
were schoolmates of an Oregonian re
porter in the Minneapolis High School.
Arthur D. Marshall, brother of Archi
tect George Marshall, has been appoint
ed to a position with the Interstate
Commerce Commission in Washington.
KEEP THE TARIFF IN POLITICS
Nob-Partisans Are Denounced by Pen
dleton Man, Who Opposes Commission.
PENDLETON, Or.. May 2. (To
the Editor.) I noticed in The Orego
nian an article entitled. "Shall we
drop the tariff issue?" I do not agree
wun you on tnat issue.
I will say first that a real non-nar-
tlsan is a nobody.
there is no non-partisan, but some
ow-down person who has not enoueh
mind to be anybody.
The so-called non-partisans are hvD
ocrites pretending to be non-partisans.
out in reality are bitter partisans in
tending to do some dirty work. The
talk of taking the tariff out of poll-
tics is bosh. It has always been the
talk ever since I can recollect.
I distinctly remember the campaign
of 1844. when Clay and Polk ran for
president. I remember singing "Hur
rah for Clay and the Constitution, tar
iff, banks and distribution," which
shows that tariff and the currency
were the issues then and they were
tne issues in 1812 and they will be the
issues indefinitely in the future, and
why? The Constitution eays that all
revenue bills must originate in the
lower house of Congress.
Does The Oregonian want to take
away the people's rights? Are the
scheming politicians better judges than
the people? I think not. Then don't
try to cheat or deceive the people. If
tne rtepuDiicans are in power they will
appoint a Republican commission; If
the Democrats are In power they will
appoint a Democratic commission.
there you have it. From the close of
Cleveland s Administration until the
enactment of the Underwood tariff
bill there was a balance of trade in
our tavor of over eight thousand mil
lions or aonars and no nation ever
prospered so fast in the history of the
If it had not been for Roosevelt. La-
Follette. Murdock and company flirting
with the free trade goddess, the Re
publicans would have been In power
yet and our country would have kept
increasing in wealth and power.
Deprive the party of its most potent
planks in its platform and the Repub
lican voters will stay at home and the
Bourbons and demagogues will ex
pioit tne country to nil their own
Hill says. "Experience has shown
that every general revision of the tar
iff, whether for better or worse,
means two years of doubt, hesitation
and bad business." He ought to know
better, for It is not true. Business
discounts a bad tariff Immediately and
times get hard, and a good tariff
brings immediate revival in business
every time. S. P. HUTCHINSON
By a non-partisan commission we do
not mean a commission of non-parti
sans, for we have much the same opin
ion about tnat Dran-a oi politician as
our correspondent has. We mean a
commission composed of men of both
parties. President Taft appointed such
a tariff commission, composed of men
of high character, who unanimously
reported fa"cts to guide Congress. We
have not proposed that Congress be de
prived of power to -draft revenue bills.
There la no cause for alarm lest the
Republicans could not find an issue
after the tariff was taken out of poll-
tics. Tne tarirr as an issue has been
more useful to the Democrats, as their
victories in 1884. 1893 and 1912 show.
THB FAIRER GLORY.
"They saved the day," Lord Kitchener
They stood like heroes true;
'Gainst mighty odds they fought and
As only brave men do;
Before the brunt of the attack.
By foes to frenzy driven.
Nor lead, nor steel could drive them
Nor could their ranks be riven. '
'Gainst each succeeding wave of death
That swept the hillside, gory.
They turned not from the war lord's
But won, 'tis said, fresh glory.
At last when was secured the crest.
The enemy slow retiring.
Relieved, these men had earned a rest
Where unexposed to firing.
Then as death's specter stalked the
His face grew livid, grinning;
For, lo! the carnage there in sight -
Bespoke their ranks' srfd thinning.
The corpses strewn about the field
Made sad Indeed war's story:
Scarce doth it satisfaction yield
That comrades earned such glory.
Ah. better is that glory won
Through strife of competition.
Where man sees not his work undone
Through war's stern, imposition;
Where victor and the loser gain
Through sharing some new blessing.
In place of spreading grief and pain
And every ill distressing.
LIGHT IS TCRXED OX DIRECTORS
Physiognomist Reports on Photos of
Chamber of Commerce Leaders.
ASHLAND. Or., May 3 (To the Edi
tor.) I waa born with a gift of reading
faces, and after looking over the faces
of the directors of the Chamber of Com
merce as published in The Oregonian
May 2 I will give you a brief reading.
I was boru in Scotland ard raised in
Ireland; wont to the national schools
to the extent of receiving a common
education; then emigrated to America;
settled at Darlington, Lafayette County,
Wisconsin, where I lived for 40 years.
My life's work was farming and mining.
was born In 1853. Two veara aaro I
sold my farm in Wisconsin and came
to Ashland, the beauty sDot of the
world, and was glad to get to such a
paradise. I hope to remain here the
balance of my days.
Well, here goes for a brief reading
of the faces of the prominent men of
the metropolis of our grand adopted
W. F. Woodward Too Impulsive.
C. C Colt A man of good Judgment.
Nathan Strauss Altogether too stub
born and set in his ways.
O. M. Clark Very erratic.
W. J. Hofmann A man of good judg
ment. Will do to follow.
A. J. Kingsley Fair judgment, but a
Dean Vincent A solid fellow for him
J. C. English A man stuck on him
Guy W. Talbot A man of splendid
Judgment, fair, and a good man. to
Phil Metschan Just medium in Judg
ment; has not had hard enough time to
O. K. Helnts A rood financier for
Helntz. Narrow on public spirit.
John U. Yeon A nrat-claas man In
all respects. A. good and successful
J. C. Ainsworth Too slow: takes too
much time to make up his mind.
D. Timma A little too conceited.
though a live one.
Charles B. Woodruff Too awfullv
C. C. Chapman A live wire, but a
little selfish for his own town. Not big
enough for a state man. He la all
Henry E. Reed Too fond of antrum
Emery Olmstead Should have been
a minister. Has tine morals.
A. G. Labbe Always wants every
thing to' go his own way.
fc.dgr Flper-Jealous that his own
town does not get the lion's share of
everything: needs to widen out a bit.
V rr.tiK ku. Smith A man of verir trnnH
judgment, but cannot stand opposition
witn good grace. .
John hi. Cronan A man of fine 1udsr-
ment; will do to lead or follow. Abso
lutely fair and just. Never Jealous.
Allen Lewis A eood follower. T
fair and just but easilv InilurnH hv
his friends. Has no use for his enemies.
Thomas Kerr A very able man but
fet in his Ideas.
M. H. Houser A little stuck on hla
own Ideas: hard to influence.
Itobert Kennedy Will do no ennri i.n.
less he can have his own way.
L. L. Thompson A man of srood and
Franklin T. Griffith A verv fair m.n
Is conservative in all matters.
John T. Dougall One of the most re
liable men on the board.
D. W. Mitchell The one vhx I
be at the head of the whole business.
ib aoie. nas splendid Judgment and is
I guess you will find this Is all right.
STATE'S RIGHT TO WATKR POWERS
correspondent Hopes to See Reserva
tion Policy Uefeated.
ROCK CREEK. Or.. May 8 (To th
Editor.) The object of this letter I
to commend the deep interest you are
taking in behalf of Oregon's rights in
leasing power sites in this atate.
You ate no doubt aware of the fact
that Jackson and Polk both argued
that it was unconstitutional for the
United States to apply money derived
from sales of public lands to internal
improvements. Bee Jackson's mes
sages to Congress of December 4, 1833
and December 1, 1834, and Polk's Teto'
message of December 15, 1847.
These arguments have ceased to be
used and are not Invoked in suits now
pending in state and United States
courts in regard to land grants and
Cleveland's wish, expressed in his
message to Congress on January 17
18S, seems likely to.be law as Inter
preted by state and National courts
that the time is unlimited in which a
state or nation can sue to recover
lands which have been patented by
dummy entrymen or obtained by non
compliance with law by railroads.
Time will tell.
I hope you will not consider me as
intruding on your time when I call
your attention to the fact that there
is already a conflict aa to whether the
state or Nation controls these cower
One ruling by the General Land
Office in regard to one of these power
sites that I saw a few years ago says
as long as this one-quarter section of
land is reserved "it cannot be appro
priated tor any other use." The slate
controls the use of the water for
power or irrigation, but the Nation
refused to allow an irrigating ditch
to be located across this one-quarter
section of land, known as power site
No. 34. The opposition Senators to
this leasing bill contend the Nation's
land is the same as any other owner's
If I own land that corporation or Gov
ernment wants it can be condemned
and sold and thus be appropriated for
public use. Can any court compel
the Interior Department to deed or
lease the Government land along these
Bite""? f reson for tl,e U8 ot Power
These power site reservations are in
......j uiouutea oniy sections or frac
tions of sections along the rivers of
Oregon, while the balance of the land
is already patented to settlers. No
further settlement can take plate. One
of these sites -was surveyed about 14
years ago-and it was reaurveyed this
ifSK,. 'Cter' a",d " tar th s-eneral
public knows it may be 14 more ere
anything more will be done. The
land reserved can only be leased for
grazing purposes, subject to cancela
tion on six months' or a year's notice.
I hope you will continue your inter
est in the legislation now pending to
see that Oregon is allowed to develop
along natural lines. Those who have
read Senator Borah's speech In Phila
delphia Tsee how Idaho Is handicapped
by these reservations of public lands,
and does Oregon fare any better?
J. E. DAVID.
GOO IS LOVE."
The fleeing years have onward rolled
Like waves across the aea
Since the faith of Jesus lulled
The storm of Galilee,
And yet, O World, the kindly voice
That spoke the troubled sea
Still bids the stricken heart rejolcs;
Still calls. O Man, to thee.
Though ages vast should onward sweep
'Til earth shall be no more,
Tet not in vain shall sorrow weep
On life's uncertain chore.
For, hark! The voice of Jesus swells
Above the strife and roar.
A hope divine forever dwells:
God loves us as before.
And listening souls at last may hear
The rustle of a wing:
The Lord of Galilee is near
And heavenly voices sing:
"God is love." He feels the tears
That mortal eye outpours:
Through all the sad departed years
His mighty love endures.
He sent the star of Bethlehem.
Which stood o'er Judah's hilll
A guide in other days to men,
A promise to fulfill!
GEORGE H. SANDS.
Half a Century Ago
From The Orenonian, May 5,
Clarence J. Prentice, son of the ed
itor of the Louisville Journal and an
especially virulent rebel, lately under
took to capture Tazwell. Tenn. He
had 1&0 men. The place was held by
DO men under Lieutenant JenmnRB.
Prentice demanded surrender: Jcnnlnus
refused: a right ensued and l'rentlc-
was whipped most decidedly. Instead
of taking the plac; the rebel was
forced to send a Hag of truce so lie
could bury his dead.
Slavery now seems to be doomed the
world over. By the constitution ot
Brazil slavery will expire In that em
pire in 20 years, but many of the lead
ing statesmen are anxious for a more
Bpeedy end. "
We are told by a friend th:it some
time ago a gentleman by tlio name ot
Robinson, of itoseburg. In Southern
Oregon, went to Mexico to aatifty
himself us to thn advisability of emi
grating there. His friends in Doug
las County anxiously have awaited to
hear his decision, as the question nf
their own emigration depended largelv
on it. Mr. Robinson, after traveling
considerably in Mexican territory, now
advises them that It would not be a
favorable move and is discouraging thr
plans. General Jo Lane was said to
be one of the most oetermined Roio
burg residents who contemplated a
speedy departure, but he also iftw Is
John Lane, son of General Joseph
Lane, was surrendered to General
Grant with the Army of Northern Vir
ginia. John had risen to be a Major
in the Confederate service. At the
commencement of the war ho was at
West Point. It is a pity he used his
military education ou the wrong side.
General Sherman will have a nlco
time reading in the newspapers com
ments upon his treaty with Johnston
and Breckinridge. The editors arc
handling him quite freely and it will
have a tendency to make him moii:
nervous than ever.
Bierstadt. the artist, who traveled
through Oregon some time since,
seems to have electrified the world ot
fine arts with his magnificent portrait
ure of Mount Hood. Alex T. Btewart
is said to have offered the painter T-0,-000
fur tlie work.
J. P. White, Supervisor, has depu
tized B. P. Cardwell to collect the road
tax in District No. 4.
XEW FISHING LAW LAMENTED
Use of Nets Between Oregon City and
Oineti Held Fatal to Sport.
PORTLAND, May 4. (To the Ed
itor.) Last Winter during the session
of our Legislature there was a great
deal of argument regarding salmon
fishing in the Willamette River at and
near Oregon City. The sportsmen
wished to close this river to net fisher
men from the falls of the Willamette
to a point near Oswego. A compro
mise was eventually effected and there
was enacted a law cloning the river to
all fishing, except with Iiook and line,
from the falls to the Oregon City
bridge. Unfortunately this law does
not become effentive for some little
I trust that those who opposed tlm
champions of a closed river have had
an opportunity of observing operations
at this point for the past month. Uvery
day a great Meet of bouts could be
seen on the stream. In each of which
sat from one to three euxer fishermen.
On Sundays it is estimated that tine
number of bnuts on the river ran well
up into the hundreds. Many line fish
havo been taken, although hundred
have as yet not been fortunate to maiia
a capture. Again and again they try
the sport, sttmulatt-d by tlie sight of '
some fortunate capture.
A few days ago the lt of May
the rlvtr was thrown open to net
fishermen and I ask the opponents of
a closed season to note the result. No
longer do thousands visit this point,
eager for an opportunity to catch a
wonderful tlilnook salmon. In a few
days the stream will be swept quite
clean of fish. Just watch the loads
taken by nets at this point. Little
use for one after that date to use hock
and line; he stands Juat about sk
good a chance under one of ourbrldgea
here in Portland.
I contend and always have contend
ed that it is a shame to allow net fish
ing at any point between Oswego
bridge and the Willamette Falls; that
the thousands of visitors should be al
lowed to enjoy themselves on the
river; that all tho fl.sh these thousands
will take in a season will be but t
drop in the bucket as compared wilii
the tons taken In three or four days
by a handful of net fishermen. I main
tain that with no net fishing in th-.
stream between Oswego and the falls
thousands and thousands of sportsmen
might still enjoy a day's oiitin- for a
couple of months to come. In tlio
meanwhile thousand of tiHli would Tin
able to make their way over the falls
to provide eggH for the hatching sta
tions on the McKenzie River. I tru.t
that the people will eventually wakn
up to the situation and realize what
we have on this river something that
cannot be duplicated In the world and
that nets may be excluded from a Ion:;
stretch of this water.
THOMAS G. FARRELL.
Arsrument for Chickens.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"Do you think It pays to keep chick
ens?" "Yes." replied Farmer Coru
toasel; "a few chickens are a good ad
vertisement. They keep the Summer
boarders cheered up, thlitkln' rnebbe
the first thing they know they'll see a
couple of 'em on the dinner table."
Idea for a ew Novel.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"I have an idea for a novel."
Mr. Penwlga-le. "What is It?"
very large volume thickly upholstered.
When you get sleepy after reading a
few psges you can use it for a sofa
Criticism oa Shooting. '
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"Why do you compare my marks
manship with lightning?" asked the re
cruit. "Because," replied the In
structor, "It never hits twice in the
Taka Care of Your
With the approach ot warm
weather the moths begin to get
Furs and woolens must seek places
Modern storage has devised al
most perfect preservation usually
of a kind equally good against fire
and other dangers.
From time to time the placet
where proper protection may be had
are advertised in The Oregonian.
A little Information promptly act
ed on may save you many dollars.
But that is the mission of news
paper advertising, to savo you time