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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 18, 1915)
VOT,. LV.-XO. 1G,94G.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, MARCH IS, 1915.
TRICE FIVE CENTS.
TO EUROPEAN SEAS
Text of Diplomatic Ex.
changes Given Out.
RADiUS OF ACTIVITY DEFINED
PAINT IS DAUBED
ON SCHOOL DOORS
FACULTY AT EIGEXE HIGH
DEFIED DURIXG INQUIRY.
Attitude of Warring Govern'
ments Made Known.
GERMAN PlAN REJECTED
Allies Persist in Intention to Pre
vent Commerce With Enemy, bnt
Say They Will Lighten
Burden for Xcntrals.
WASHINGTON, March 17. Six diplo
malic notes were made public to
night by the State Department, con
stitutlng the entire correspondence
of the last few weeks between the
Vnlted States and Germany and be
tween the United States and Great
Britain and France relative to the
abandonment of submarine attacks on
merchant ships, the shipment of condi
tional contraband and foodstuffs to
civilians in a belligerent country, the
use of neutral flag's by belligerent
merchantmen., the removal of mines,
and the proclamation of a virtual
blockade by the allies against Ger
many. The communications revealed that
the United States Government, realiz
ing the difficulties of maintaining an
effective blockade by a close guard of
an enemy coast on account of the
newly developed activity of sub
marines, asked that a "radius of
activity" be defined. Great Britain and
France replied with the announcement
that the operations of the blockade
would not be conducted "outside of
European waters, including the Med
iterranean." Germany Fropoaal Rejected.
While Germany agreed, it is dis
closed, to abandon her submarine at
tacks on "mercantile of any flai" exi
cept when they resist visit or search,
provided foodstuffs were permitted to
each her civilian population. Great
Britain and her allies rejected the pro
posal, originally made by the United
.States Government in. an effort to bring
the belligerents Into an arrangement
which would safeguard the interests
Furthermore, the documents show
that In a message of inquiry to Great
Britain and France the United States
asked whether the embargo on all com
merce between Germany and ncutra
countries was to be carried rut under
. the rules tf a blockade or by inter
ference with & hips and cargoes.
if no blockade existed." The two to
gether presented In the view of the
American Government "a proposed
course of art ion previously unknown
tw international law."
Itlorkitde 31nde In evr Form.
The answers from both Great Britain
and France reveal for the first time
that the allies officially regarded their
policy as a "blockade," but desire to
rr-Train from exercising the rights of
belligerents under a blockade to con
fiscate ships and cargoes as a penalty
for breach of blockade, substituting for
It procedure in prize courts and com
pensation through sale of the detained
Tho definition of a "radius of activ
ity" for the allied fleet In European
waters, including the Mediterranean
Is the first intimation of the gcograph
ital limits of the blockade, its limits
wore not given more exactly, the allies
la im, because Germany was equally
indefinite in proclaiming all the
waters surrounding Great Britain and
Ireland a "war zone.''
American Hint J Anmrerrd.
The restriction of the area of oper
ations of the blockade to European
waters followed this observation by
the United States to both Great Brit
ain and France:
' iille this government is fully alive
to the possibility that the methods of
modern naval warfare, particularly in
the uo of the submarine for both de
fensive and offensive operations, may
make the former means of maintaining
a blockade a physical impossibility, it
feels that it can be urged with great
force that there should be also some
limit to "the radius of activity," and
especially so if this action by the bel
ligerents can be construed to be a
blockade, it would certainly create a
verious state of affairs if, for example,
an American vessel laden with a cargo
of German origin should escape the
British patrol in European waters only
to be held up by a cruiser off New
York and taken into Halifax."
Amerlran Protest Indira ted.
The publication of the correspond
ence cleans the slate of diplomatic
notes and leaves the United States
confronted with the question whether
or not it will acquiesce in the form
of blockade announced by the allies or
make protest- President Wilson him
self has Indicated that a strong pro
test will be made and officials already
are gathering material for it.
On feature is the failure of the
United States to bring the belligerents
into an agreement in the use of sub
marines and mines, the fixing of a
definite rule governing shipments of
conditional contraband to the civilian
population of a belligerent and the
abandonment of neutral flags as a ruse
Officials admitted being somewhat
iCuUUnued on Tag t-j
Despite Threats of Professors and
Watchful Police, Numerals Ap- .
pear Anew on Building.
EUGEXE, Or., March 17. (Special. )
As if in direct defiance to an ex
haustive investigation that followed the
j appearance of painted class numerals
on the High School buildings yester
day, the front doors of the High School
building, glaringly daubed In paint,
greeted the High School authorities this
morning. The investigation continued
Yesterday the sophomore and junior
class numerals appeared on the roofs of
the manual training and domestic
science buildings and on one rear door
in the High School building. The lettering-
was done as neatly as by a
painter, and an effort was made to
trace the work through the free-hand
The work was the first exhibit of
class numerals In years, and the school
authorities announced that the action
was considered a serious offense. One
hundred and fifty, boys in the two
classes were cross-examined.
This morning the numerals of the
freshman and senior classes appeared
on the front door. In spite of the fact
that the police had been asked to
watch the building. The work is con
sidered that of an individual and not of
the classes as a body.
GERMAN CONSUL IN
Effort to Buy Subma
rine Facts, Charged.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
3 OTHERS IN ALLEGED PLOT
Portland Detective and Ship
builders' Employe Held.
CONFESSION INVOLVES ALL
Kaiser's Agent Says Men Volunteered
to Sell Information, Being Re-'
fused Consideration When
Theft AVas Revealed.
CAVALRY HORSES SOUGH
Of 1000 Animals Bought, 600 Arc
Already Contracted For.
rENDLETOV. Or.. March 17. (Spe
cial.) B. Parlett. local agent of the
American Express Company, received
an order yesterday for 1000 cavalry
horses and before night had made pre
ltminary negotiations for 600 of them.
He hopes to secure the other 400 by the
end of the week.
The request came from the Denver
office which -was acting for Denver
buyers who are supplying some of the
European belligerents. The spectfica
tlons indicate that the foreign govern
ments are not so particular as they
were regarding the horses.
PRESIDENT SELLS COTTON
f'rrxcvds lroro Bale Sent to Charity
WASHINGTON, March 17. President
Wilson today sold a bale of cotton and
sent the proceeds to charity in Okla
During the "buy-a-bale-of-cotton'
movement the President bought sot
eral bales and one now is in storage
at Boswell. Ok la. H. H. Conway, of
Paris, Tex., offered to buy It at 10
cents a pound and today the President
accepted his offer and- directed that
the proceeds bs sent to a charity in
Oklahoma, to be selected by Senators
Gore and Owen.
CLATSKANIE PIONEER DIES
Richard I. Davcy, Native of England,
Leaves Widow and 13 Children.
CLATSKANIE. Or.. March 17. (Spe
cial.) Richard I. Davey . passed away
Sunday evening at his late home
Clatskanie, Or. Mr. Davey had been
a resident of Columbia County for 30
vears and leaves a large circle of
friends. He was born October 24, 1839,
at Hythe, County Kent, England. He Is
survived by a widow and 13 children.
The funeral services were held to
day at the Presbyterian Church at t:30
P. M.. with Interment in. the family
PIONEER STORE IS SOLD
S. K. Young Concludes Career of 49
Years in Business at Albany.
ALBANY, Or, March 17. (Special.)
Samuel E. Young, pioneer Albany mer
chant, concluded a continuous business
career of 49 years here today, when the
general merchandise store of S. E.
Young & Son was sold to L. E. Hamil-
mn whose store, containing J75.000
stock, was burned February 12.
The consideration was not made pub
lic, but it Is one of the largest mercan
tile deals ever consummated in the Wil
5 NAMED FOR ST. PATRICK
Babies Christened on Saints' Day at
Saint Patrick's Church.
Five babies were christened after Saint
Patrick. at St. Patrick's Catholic
Church. Nineteenth and savier streets.
yesterday morning preceding pontifical
high mass. Father E. P. Murphy is
priest of the parish and it is the custom
to baptize babies on March 17 in hia
The children were Patrick O'Brien,
Patrick McGrath, Tatrick Morrisy, Pat
rick O'Reilly and Patrick O'Mara.
3 SUBMARINES ESCAPED
Anchor XAne Steamer Runs Blockade
AVfth $5, 0-0, 00 Cargo.
LONDON. March 17. The Anchor
line steamer Caraeram, which arrived
at Liverpool from New Tork March 15.
with a cargo valued at J5.000.000, suc
cessfully ran the German submarine
The vessel reports that she was
chased by three German under-water
boats on her voyage through the Irish
SEATTLE, Wash., March 17. Dr. "Wit-
helm Mueller. German Consul at Seattle,
and B. Mat Schulz, .secretary of the con
sulate, were technically placed under ar
rest today, charged with conspiracy
with Dan Tarnatzsky to violate the
state law making it a penal offense to
bribe an employe to influence his action
In relation to his master's business.
The consular officials are charged in
an information sworn to by County
Prosecuting Attorney Lundln with of
fering a bribe to John Murdock, assist
ant shipping clerk of the Seattle Con
struction & Dry Dock Company, for
evidence to substantiate German Am
bassador Bernstorff's accusation, filed
at the Department of State last month,
that submarines were being made by
the Seattle company and shipped to
Canada to be completed there for use
Murdock Also Arrested.
Murdock was arrested last night on
a warrant sworn to by an official of- the
construction company, charging him
with grand larceny in abstracting bills
of lading from the company's office.
Consul Mueller says 'that Tarnatzsky
called at the consulate and told Secre
tary Schulz that he could obtain "valu
able information' concerning shipment
of parts of submarines from Seattle to
Vancouver. He had a "connection,"- be
said, that enabled him to ge. this infor
mation. Tarnatzsky was requested to
produce his information.
Murdock next appeared at the con
sulate and was introduced by Tarnatz
sky as the source of the information,
but did not say that he was employed
at the shipyard, the Consul said.
Theft Plan Is Resented.
When Murdock said that he could
obtain documents from office files Sec
retary Schulz cut him short, saying
the consulate would have nothing to
do with theft. Dr. Mueller says. At
the final conference in the consulate.
Consul Mueller says, he saw the men
for the first time. Murdock revealed
himself as an employe of the company
and offered to furnish bills of lading
for "machinery" shipped to Vancouver!
. The Weather. '
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature 59.4
degrees; minimum temperature. 47 de-
TODAY'S Probably fair; westerly winds.
Carolyn Wilson savs Germans are saving
everything- as precaution against future
neeas in -war. raze l.
Russians again Invade German soil. Page 3.
German Consul at Seattle and three others
arrested for alleged plot to buy secret of
suomarine anipmenta.. ace l.
Three. British merchantmen torpedoed and
one attacked by airman. Page a.
French say they have captured dominating
positions on crest of ridge. . .rage .
Full correspondence of United States on sub
ject of warring nations' sea blockades
given cut. Page 1.
Speaker Clark urges all to trust president
Wilson, whom he counts among great
men of history. Pa.ge 5.
Witnesses admit contributing to "slush
funds" in Terre Haute elections. Page 3.
Poverty-stricken farm tenants offer to give
children away. Investigators learn. Page
Sam Cook elected track captain at Univer
sity or Oregon. Pago 1J.
White Sox defeat Beavers, 5 to J. Page 12.
Barney Oldfleld wins St. Patrick's day
Grand Prix at Venice. Page 13.
Action on tunnel bids for highway in Hood
Hiver county deferred. Page 7.
Eugene High School students daub building
with paint while faculty Is investigating.
Commercial and Marine.
World's coffee markets have upward ten
dency. Page 17.
Wheat declines at Chicago with fine crop
outiooR. page 17.
Undertone of stock market firm, but trad
ing auu. pace it.
Head of Longshoremen's Union hurrying to
oeattie. rase 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Younjrest son of J. J. Hill and George F.
jsaker, jr., of Kew York, In Portland.
Two women hurt, one seriously, when jitney
ouses collide. Page 11.
Dr. Carl Gregrr Doney, of West Virgin.!
Colleg, chosen to head Willamette Uni
versity. Paso 1.
Labor council body will confer on bond is
sue campaign tonight, page 17.
Faculty and students observe Campus day
ut iteeu college, page ia.
Mayor urges issues and jitney measure goes
oacK again lor redrafting. Page 18.
Dispute on over eight-hour clause in bridge
contracte said to fix time for Eastern
mi as. page
New movie programmes are good. Page 13.
Painless Parker wins verdict for $1 in libel
suit, page li. .
(Concluded on Page 3.)
ITALIANS CURB REBELS
Insurgents in Tripoli Suffer Heavily
in Hard Battle.
ROME, via Parle, March 17. An
Italian punitive expedition, sent from
Bengazi under Colonel Palola, dispersed
strong force of repels near Gebadia
after a hard fight. The insurgents lost
100 men killed and many -wounded.
while the Italian losses are placed at
40 killed and 45 wounded.
-The expedition from Bengazi. -capital
of one of the - administrative districts
of Tripoli, was sent out in connection
with a force from Cyrertalca to put
down a rebellion of natives reported
to have reached considerable proportions.
BRITAIN TAKES FACTORIES
Formal Announcement Made by
LONDON. March 17. The British
government intends to take over con
trol of the factories in England for
the production of war material.
This annonucement was made today,
by David Lloyd-George, Chancellor of
the Exchequer, at a conference of labor
leaders, the representatives of various
industries and the committee of im
DR. C. G. DONEY TO
Dr. Homan's Successor
Named by Trustees.
GOMMITTEL o' ou..uiftNDED
Salem University's Selection
EDUCATOR'S RECORD BEST
Career as President of School in
West Virginia Brilliant and Two
Bishops Say Choice Could Not
Have Been More Wisely Made.
Carl Gregg Doney, D. D., L. I D.,
president of "West Virginia "Wesleyan
College, Buckhannon, W. Va.. was
elected preeident of Willamette Uni
versity. Salem, by the board of trus
tees of that institution, which met at
the First Methodist Church yesterday
In an all-day session. Action by the
board was unanimous, Dr. Doney being
recommended by a special committee
appointed last September.
The new president will take charge
of Willamette University, which is
denominational institution, conducted
under the direction of the Methodist
Episcopal Church. July 1. He Is
pected to reach this city in late June,
In the selection of Dr. Doney the trus
tees, and prominent Methodists of the
state as well, believe they have chosen
wisely and have procured the services
of probably the best man in America
for the institution's head.
- Dr. Homan Out In June.
'.Dr.. Doney succeeds Dr. Fletcher
Homan, who resigned last June, hl
retirement to' be effective in June,
19H. Dr. Homan will then have served
seven years as the head of Willamette
University. T. S. McDaniel, chairman
of the board, of trustees, presided at
yesterday's two sessions, and I. H. Van
Winkle. Salem, secretary of the board,
recorded the minutes of the meeting.
Practically the full board of 25 mem
ber was in attendance.
The meeting was the regular semi
annual one, and after a mass of
routine business was transacted, the
report of the special committee, named
to recommend a man to be elected
president of the university, made its
report, which was adopted. This com
mittee consisted of Amedee M. Smith,
Portland, chairman; Rev. H. S. Wilkin
son, Eugene; Rev. R. X. Avieon. C. R.
Bishop, B. L. Steeves, Salem, and A. E.
Dr. Doney will accept the position
tendered him, it is understood. He will
come to the presidency of Willamette
University with the highest recom
mendations after long prominence In
Wednesdays War Moves
FROM one end of the long battle
front in Belgium and France to the
other, Belgians, French, British and
Germans are fighting bitterly for strat
egic points, preparatory to the great
effort 'which is bound to come when
the roads are dry. The munitions have
been brought up and the men are ready.
The nature of the more or less iso
lated struggles which are now going
on can be Imagined from the losses both
to the Germans and British during a
few days' fighting around Neuvs Cha
pelle. The German casualties, accord
ing to General French, numbered in the
neighborhood of 18.000. An official list
issued by the British war office gives
the number of British officers killed in
these operations as 112, with 193 wound
ed or not accounted for. The losses
among the men are believed to be large.
numbering, it is estimated, about two
thirds of the German losses.
French successes are reported in
Champagne, particularly around
Perthes, where important trenches have
been captured, as well as a height
which dominates a large section of
ground. In an attempt to regain this
height, a landsturm regiment, supported
by the guard, delivered a violent counter-attack,
in which, according to the
French account, there were few survivors.
Every Requisite Care
The Russians in Poland are conduct
ing an active campaign along both
banks of the Orzyc River, but they are
being met by the Germans with equally
hard blows. The official communlca-
iiuiio vii mese operations are meager
in detail, as they are with respect
to the campaign - in the Carpathians.
It is generally believed that the Spring
campaign Is about to be opened
along the 600-mtIe front. Russians
are reported to have attacked a town
on the border of East Prussia, where
the German report say they were re
Concluded on Page 5.)
A Dandanelles dispatch reports the
loss of three minesweepers and one
sailing vessel and considerable dam
age to a British cruiser In the fight
ing in the straits. The British Admir
alty announces that 23 men were
killed and 37 wounded on board the
cruiser Amethyst last Saturday night
and that the battleship Ocean lost two
men killed, while several of the other
vessels engaged had slight casualties
In men wounded.
The State Department at Washing
ton has made public the six notes ex
changed between the United States and
Germany and between the United
States and Great Britain and France
relative, to submarine warfare, tho use
of neutral flags. the removal of
mines, the question of food shipments
and the proclamation of a blockade
by the allies.'
Referring to this proposed block
ade the German press says that, while
this will be without significance on
the issue of the war. it Is likely to
be as complete as the allies can make
it. and will serve to goad Germany
Into waging a submarine warfare
FUTURE IS ALWAYS IN MIND
Rich Cannot Buy and Hoard
While Poor Go Without.
MAXIMUM PRICES FIXED
Three submarines at various times
endeavored to torpedo the Anchor line
steamer Cameonia in her trip through
the Irish sea to Liverpool from New
York. The steamer's speed saved her.
German under-water craft, however.
have succeeded in torpedoing three ad
ditional steamers. One of these was
attacked off the coast of Holland, an
other off the- western coast of Gal-
way, Ireland, and the third off the
Northumberland coast. A British
skipper reported also that a bomb had
been dropped on the deck of his ship
by a German aviator.
Bread Kulcs Are Jpcclally Strict,
but Wonderful Sjstem Extends
to All Brant-lies Poverty
Seems to Be Iucklng.
BT CAnOI.TN WILSON.
(Staff Cnrre.pondent of the
Tribune. Copyright. WIS, r the Chlc.se
Trlbun. Company. rubllehad by rrn
mont with tha Trlbunt.
PARIS, Feb. 13. There has been to
much written and said about Hrmi
"system" that I healtate to take It as
the title of this article. But. after
all. It is the fundamental reason of
Germany's strength and of her confi
fence In the months to come. It Is
the basis of J.er daily life in wartime
and out. German people live. eat.
sleep, and die by rule. Never has the
nation shown itself so far-seeing, o
all providing, as in this war.
The most Interesting end at this
moment most vital thing about the
'system" are the plans and precau
lions taken agaln.it the famlno wsr
which England is waging, and this la
not In foodstuffs alone, but In min
erals and metals and oils and ma
terials for explosives and ammunition.
Conservation la Systematise.
Thanks to an old friend In llamburs.
who is a director in one of the new
limited companies which the govern
ment Is forming to look after short
ages In different lines of Industry, I
was able to get the most Intimate de
tails of this work of conservation.
Whenever an article appears to b
getting scare, or wheu the government
thinks there is danger of it In the
future, or if there la only a vague
chance that later on In the war there
may be pressing need for this partic
ular thing, they form a new company
after the Interests or tne
GRAYS HARBOR HAS GALE
Wind and Rain Storm Sweep District
and Blows Down Oil Derrick.
HOQUIAM, Wash., March 17. (Spe
cial.) Grays Harbor today and tonight
experiencing the worst storm of the
Winter. The storm began early today
and late tonight showed little sign of
abatement. A gale at times reaching
a velocity of 50 miles an hour, accom
panied by a heavy downpour, is sweep.
n;r the harbor country.
The heavy southwest gale Is sweep-
ng up the harbor, but thus far has
done little damage in Hoqulam either
to shipping or buildings. An old derrick
erected in the residence district by
John Ihle. but which had not been put
n use. was blown over, just missing a
new residence, but aside from this no
serious damage has been reported.
AUTO GIVEN IN BIG DEAL
Sale at La Grande Involves $K28,000
bnt Xo Drink. Is Bought.
LA GRANDE, Or., March 17. (Spe
cial.) Tossing in a new automobile
with as little concern as one man buys
a drink for another at the conclusion
of a deal, Fred J. Holmes, president of
the M. & M. Implement Company, yes
terday gave to A. B. Conley, the million
aire wheat king, a new car to top oft
the transfer, for $28,000 cash, of 300
acres of choice land near Cove.
When the deal for the old home
stead, known as the Holmes estate
property and one of the choice farms
on the Cove side of the valley, was
completed and the check had been
written, Mr. Holmes remarked, "Well, I
won't buy a drink but you can climb
in that automobile and go home if you
MR. MOODY BEARS SHOCK
Arrangements for Funeral or ex
Governor's Wife to Be Made Today.
SALEM. Or.. March 17. (Special.)
Announcement was made at the home
of Z. K. Moody. ex-Governor of Ore
gon, tonight, that the arrangements
for the funeral of Mrs. Moody, who
died Tuesday night, would net be made
until tomorrow noon penning the ar
rival of relatives.
Despite his advanced age, ex-Governor
Moody is bearing up well under
There are fivo members of this com
pany; four are heads of the leading
firms In Germany dealing with the
particular article and the fifth la al
wavs the Deutsche bank, which fur
nishes the capital and keeps the ac
counts. This new company cither con
fiscates through the government or
buys up all goods of smaller firms and
sells again at a fixed price. Such
profit as there Is is turned over to
a charity, either a Red Cross or r
Small Merchant Well "''
Wool. Iron, lubricating oil. wheal,
copper, aluminum, tin. oats, and many
similar articles are cared for In this
manner. The price that is paid the
small merchant Is fair, often high. The
goods ore then stored and sold to the
people In due proportions, according to
wants. In this way the rich may not
buy and hoard tons of grains while
the poor are deprived.
Tho members of the company con
fer with the Ministry of War every
week, report on their sales, and In
cases where substitutes are needed, for
Instance, lubricating oil Is perhaps one
of the shortest articles, and a sub
stltute must be Invented they report
on the discoveries of their chemists.
The companies are invariably called
by some other name than their real
one in order to hide from Kngland
the materials In which Germany Is
shortest. There Is a common opinion
v,.e rasnllne la scarce in Germany.
but this Is absolutely not so.
The government has confiscated the
gasoline, as It has many other articles,
but It Is for sale to those who wish
to buy. The price, however. Is high
and the majority of those still possess
ing their own cars prefer to burn ben
tol. which was In use long before the
war, and is a mixture much cheaper '
Bulldlnaa Rxfea With Cepixr.
This man of whom I spoke lias In
his warehouses over Germany 1.000.000
gallons of gasoline, which he Is obliged
to store for the government at his
own expense until such time as they
want it. If they want it during the
war. well and good; he gets a good
price for It. but If they don't need It
he has the expense of storing and
alao of leakage and a poor price when
the bottom has dropped out of ths
Peoplo are always talking about the
shortage of copper, saying that that
will cut oft the making of ammuni
tion. An official in Berlin told me
that if the government were reduced
to the last extremity It could get
enough copper oft the houses In South
Germany to last indefinitely. fcverv
second house Is roofed with It. ana
the big buildings "an furnish thou
sands of tons.
The company for lubricating oil has
hit on a combination or coal tar ami
olive, oil. which, although expensive,
will solve the problem nicely, and the
chemical company for cheml-sl
producta has now confiscated all ins
turpentine to be used In the manufac
ture of gunpowder.
Roumaala Relieves rreare.
But with the at least temporary
iCoiuluded oa r 4-1