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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1915)
VOL. " IAT NO. 1 0,943.
PORTLAND, OREGON", WEDNESDAY, MARCH J 7, 1913.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
WELCOME TO LINER
Great Northern Docks
as Bands Play.
ALL FLAVEL CRAFT IS NOISY
Vessel Finds Berth Gracefully
at New Pier,
PORTLAND ROSES GIVEN
raM-ntrs Met ' by Kosarians as
Tlicy Leave fchip and Get Large
J'roli Flower ISegnlar Serv
ice to South Now On.
ASTORIA. Or.. March 16. (Special.)
James J. Hill s long-planned and mucn-talked-of
freight And passenger service
to Sun Francisco became a reality to
dHT, when the giant turbine liner Great
Northern steamed into Flavel harbor to
th mighty cheers of a host of Oregon
It was an important event in the
annals of Oregon and Oregon seem
ingly appreciated the fact, for a large
portion of her population was on hand
to bid the steamship welcome. Seven
thousand lined tbe shores and docks
urroundins the harbor, all of them
highly enthusiastic and openly display
ing their pride.
The Hill invasion was not accom
plished, perhaps, in the manner in which
it originally was planned. A steamship
service has been inaugurated in place of
the earlier discussed rail connection.
'The riijhl of way Is cheaper and the
operating expenses are not so hish,"
raid the elder Mr. Hill on his last visit
to Portland in explanation of the sub
stitution of steamship for rail service.
Ship Km try Impressive.
The arrival of' the Great Northern
hfrt- today marks the beginning of rcg-
ular steamship service uetween f Javel
and Sail Francisco. Sailings will be
"provided 'it either end every four davs.
T ic ship is due to leave Flavel at 1:30
tomorrow afternoon on her return
The Grunt Northern presented a beau
tiful sis ht she steamed up the Co
lumbia Kivtr this afternoon. She was
two hourj late in arriving at the docks,
due to heavy fojrs which she encoun
tered off the Oregon coast early this
morning. She came into wireless com
munichtion with the Astoria station at
ft o'clock, and reported mat she had
been compelled to slow down to get
fcsfely through the fog. She passed
Tillamook Rock at l'JM'J this afternoon
and entered the river at 1:45 o'clock.
She maintained a speed of about six
knots n hour ns she came Into the
Columbia. H v.r.s precisely 2:24 when
she tie, to tht jduck:
Thror Hat, tlx IVnl Welcome.
'Ihic brass1 bairns, blared forth
pat ri one airs from as m;i ny U liferent
points atonir the dck as the vessel
lienred her berth. The people franti
cally cheered their approval. A fleet of
email craft consisting of yachts, tugs
ami launches steamed .'.own the bay to
meet her. Wit their siren whistlps
they sent lip a noisy welcome. The
pns.sehers on board lined the railing
and waved back their greetings.
As the vessel neared the dock she
j ut ui Iv-i her flac. The crew lined up
at tiie rail. The Hawaiian Orchestra
was on the upper deck and the pas
cnijra ni. ed anxiously about.
TI.a big ship came up to her berth
g.t at efnlty. She steamed straight ahead
it lo'side t lie dock and then drifted
over KZiiinst Hie pier with the ebb
tide. The passengers quickly left the
estiei and boarded the special steamer
train that t-ok them to Portland. Op
jmrt unity then was given the visitors
to inspect the ship. Parties of 10J or
It ss nt-re Utkett on board at a time.
Heavy Wrntbrr Encountered.
frail late tonight the officers and
crew continue! to conduct their guests
ovtrr ;le tivt leeks. th roush the maze
of t la bora tely furnished rooms and
:ia n Into the hold, where the big
turbine t-r.sines were churning away to
remove the freight.
Alt: o.iii tiie Oreat Northern experi
enced heavy weMiher off the coast this
.noiuiiu', conditions were ju&t right for
a stt' c.:.-fnl entry this afternoon. It
iaint:tl nt Khivel at 12 o'clock and was
ilurU a if I clot uiy a-bout 12 :50. the time
tiie vt'j l as sciiMiti!ei to arrive
there. Hut when the ship fiually ar
rive! Uio huti was shining brightly.
As the passengers walked down the
panspiank. each receive! a fresh rose
iioit hi -own from Portland by the
mi iforntfri Kosar inn?. I-ater in the
it f ternoon n comm i tteo of Kosarians,
headel by Pcan incent, boarded the
vessel and presented to Captain All man
a box of roses. M rs. K. 1 1. iiolt made
the pre.-entat ;on.
t lock IwcntrU to esnrl.
Pre victim to the arrival of the Great
N or t hern, the cit ixens of Astoria pre
penied her with a handsome marine
clock. i. C. Fulton, of Astoria, made
the presentation speech. Ho ha i
fccarccly begun when lh ship hove in
si;:hi at t'ie mouth of the river. Sonic
one f'icuted. "There she comes! arvd
t ic entire part broke up and has
tened nul-!'i" to lo?.
U .'. 'iihnan. president of the steam
ship eenipany. was scheduled to reply
to Mr. i- u Hon. but never got Hie
eliar.ce. hater he expressed hia pro
found ti:anivi t-j the Astoria pcepifl
t h rem h the members of their com
nn ' toe.
Thf fZosarian baud ant the KIks
band, ef Portland, and the Fort Stevens
fcanl fur a i lied the music.
Tiie hip had 1 7: passengers on
boat d. in- Hiding Walter Hill, son of
James J. I Li 11 ; tjorge F. Faker. Jr., of
tConduJeU oo las .
CHILD'S VISION OF
GIRIS PREMONITION OF TISAG
EDV AT PICNIC PRO"ES TRUE.
Mary Berg, .Aged 10, Confides to Her
Teacher at Baker Tliat She Is
Goinjr Away, 'Never to Ketnrn.'
BAKER. Or., March 16. (Special.)
True to her premonition that she would
die, 10-year-old Mary, daughter of
Mrs. Johanna Berg, died late last night
at St. Elizabeth's Hospital from the
effects of burns received while she was
playing about a picnic -Are Sunday.
All last week, according to Mrs. Berg,
the child seemed ' strangly happy and
in everything she did conveyed the
impression that the time might soon be
at ait end when she could lo anything
for her mother. At 6 o'clock Sunday
morning, she roused the boarders in
the house, with., her singing
she was so happy," she said
sang for two hours.
When at Bible class, she confided in
her teacher. Miss Emily Bernston, that
she was going away soon, "all by her
self," and might never come back. Mrs.
Berg says that there was absolutely no
place to visit that, the child could have
had in, mind.
Her mother tried to persuade her to
attend a moving picture show Sunday,
but for the first time in her life the
little one smilingly refused, saying she
preferred the picnic.
AMERICAN POLICY CITED
I II. Coudert Says Blockade Was
More Strict Than Britain's.
NEW YORK, March 16. (Special.)
Great Britain is more lenient toward
neutrals, in the matter of cargoes for
her enemies, than was the United
States during, the Civil and Spanish
American wars, according to Frederick
K. Coudert. who is considered a lead
ing authority on international law.
. Mr. Coudert has prepared a paper on
the aspects of the British blockade,
citing Supreme Court decisions during
the Civil and Spanish-American wars
in support of his' contention. i
'v . - - ryT '" """"""" ' 1 l 'rC1.
' iffSSl krS i'-'XTTr-AsVi' ,
r-f rrr-f F4?rl iTTI I 'HC-Ni A"' S 1
I ,"" -A i-.a ...k - 5 - $ -.... . I ... . -mum-mar mt ... I I
I .-v ::-jv.,DBHi rwm K
Ts Duck at Flavel Fkowlag Great Northern aa She Tied Up.
Uorklas. Bottom tLeft to Kisht) Captala i
WILSON IS AROUSED
BY BRITISH ORDER
Strong ; Protest to A!,
SUBJECT NOW IS UPPERMOST
Senator Walsh Declares Situ
ation Has No Precedent. :
EXTRA SESSION. UNLIKELY
Failure to Empower President to De
clare Embargoes on Exports Re
gretted Submarines Given
as British Excuse.
WASHINGTON, March 16. President
Wilson indicated to callers today that
strong protest wcnild be made by the
United States Government against the
action of Great Britain and her allies
in subjecting neutral commerce to the
numerous restrictions imposed on it
by the British order-in-council, just
Senator Walsh, of Montana, an au
thority on international law and one
of the spokesmen, in defense of the
legal side of the ship purchase bill,
talked at length with the President to
night about the situation. He had come
to the White House on another sub
ject, but found the situation produced
by the commercial blockade uppermost
in the President's mind.
Existence of Precedent Denied.
' As he left the White House Senator
Walsh said the British action had no
precedent in law or history and fiat
an unusually vigorous protest should
(Concluded on Page 2.)
SCENES AT FIRST LANDING OF
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 68.8
degree; minimum. 3. 8 degrees.
TODAY'S Showers; wind mostly southerly.
- - War.
German Embassy declares belief Dresden
was sunk in neutral waters. . Page 3.
Russians rapture heights within rifle shot of
przemysl f pru Page 4. ;
Bombardment of Smyrna terrific, says eye
witness. Page 2. '
Climax regarding war U believed reached In
Italy. Page 4.
Despoiling of Swedish Subjects In Mexico City
reported to Washington . by mintstei.
Page 1.. .
United States Battleship" Pennsylvania,
world's greatest fighting vessel, launched.
' Page S-
Wilson to make strong protest against
British order-in-council. Page 1.
German naval reservist testifies against men
charged with aiding him to obtain fraud
ulent passport. Pug 2.
Final ice hockey game of season to be played
tonight. Page 12.
Portland Beavers lose to Chicago "White Sox,
9 to 5. Page 12.
Mitt and mat men gather at Spokane ffr
title clash. Page 12.
Insurance . Commissioner Wells says Horti
cultural FIe Relief has been insolvent for
year. Page 7.
Seven thousand at Flavel cheer as Great
Northern steams in. Page 1.
Alice Rotchford, six, star witness at Mrs.
Diffley trial. Page 7.
Wife of ex-Governor Moody dies suddenly,
following Bible study. Page 6.
Commercial and Marine.
War conditions make future mohair market
uncertain. Page -IT.
Open offerings of new German war bonds.
Smaller export demand weakens a hsat at
Chicago. Page 17. - . , .
Collision on CoquKle River revives accountl
of former troubles. Page 14.
Longshoremen's strike expected to be settled
today at Seattle conrerence. age i.
Portland and Vicinity
Cruiser Albany to take Naval Militia on trip
in July. Page 17.
Columbia County determined to finish high
way link this year when Bowlby crisis
is passed. Page 1. ,
Road bond election is set for April 14.
' Page e.
Sense of smell takes important part in arson
trial. Page 9.
Ejectment of destitute family from house
boat in alleged "trap" is refused. Page 11.
Hibernians to give St. Patrick's programme
tonight. Page 33.
Mrs. Marcelta Ciark declared insane. Page 13.
Italy Expels Two Correspondents.
PARTS, Maroh 16. A special dispatch
from Rome saya the government has
issued an order expelling from Italy
the correspondents of the Vienna Tae
blatt and the Frankfurter Zeitung.
HILL LINE STEAMER GREAT NORTHERN AT FLAVEL YESTERDAY.
In A. Ahman. of the Great Aorlhern. Center Steanuhtp Great Northern Fro m
IB RecetTlBK Rosea From Hrs. K. H. Ilolti Fart
Situation iff "Capital Is
! Called "Ghastly."
MANZANILLO ALSO DISTURBED
Trains . to Take Foreigners
Away Asked For by Bryan.
EXODUS TO BE RENEWED
American Consul at Manzanillo In
structed to Make Representa
tions, and Also Confer With
WASHIKGTON. March 16. Condi
tions in Mexico City as, well as Man
zanillo gave officials concern today..
In the-Mexican capital, large num
bers of Americans and "other foreign
ers asked the State; Department today,
through the Brazilian Minister, to ob
tain transportation for them to Vera
The exact number wishing to leave
and the immediate reason whether re
newed disturbances or weariness or iso
lation and business stagnation was
not known here. Secretary Bryan an
nounced that trains had been requested
both from the Villa-Zapata and from
the Carranza authorities.
'Urgent representations were made
in the course of the -day to General
Carranza concerning his troops at Man
zanillo, whose activities have been
causing Americans and"foreigners much
apprehension. The American Consul
i.Concluded on Tae '
of Crow d of About TOOO Awaiting Arrival of steamer.
Tuesday's War Moves
ITH the increasing activities of
the British, French and Belgian
of Belgium of British and French war
ships, and the time drawing near for a
big effort in the west, renewed interest
is given to the daily reports of the
The" Belgians, who are being sup
ported by the waruhips of the allies.
have consolidated the ground they
have won in the last few days, while
the British have done likewise with
the strip of territory which they took
from the Germans near Neuve Chapelle
and have recovered most, if not all, of
the trenches they lost in the region of
Simultaneously there lias been heavy
fighting north of Arras in the Cham
pagne, in the Argonne and in the
Vosges. In which both French and Ger
mans say they have been successful.
All these operations are believed in
London to be preliminary to the gen
eral offensive which the allies will un
dertake when the ground dries, en
abling a more rapid movement of
troops and guns and the use of cavalry,
which has been out of action all Win
ter, except when the troopers left
.their horses and took to the trenches.
The Russians on the eastern front
are even more active than their west
ern allies. The German offensive
against Trzasnysz having failed to
materialize, probably owing to the
thaw which set in, the Russians have
themselves undertaken the offensive,
and, according to their own account,
are advancing successfully along both
banks of the Orzyc River and have oc
cupied the village of Stegna, which is
one of the main roads leading to
Przasnysz from the northeast. At this
point they repulsed a determined
The Germans, however, say that the
Russian attacks have been repelled
and that they captured 2000 Russian.
Along the ridges of the Carpathians
and' in Eastern Gallcia the Russians
report a series of successes against
the Austro-German armies, which, de
spite the deep snow, have kept up al
most continuous attacks in the Bali
growd region and in some of the cen
tral passes, in the hope of relieving
Przemysl. The Russians are closing
around the fortress and ' their infan-
tConcluded on Pass 4.)
an Intimate camera victc She Waa
DELAYS ROAD WORK
Columbia toFinish Link
PEOPLE DIVIDED ON ENGINEER
Accusations in Controversy Are
Made and Answered.
BLAME FOR CAVE-IN WAITS
Friends lefend Cliurgrs and iSay
That Variances of tXimatrs Not
fnnsual Sonic Trace Ire o
Fact County Seat Parsed By.
People of Columbia County are de
termined to complete the Columbia
County link of the Columbia Highway
They realize, however, that before
further action can be started the con
troversy that has arisen over the offi
cial actions of Major II. I Bowlby,
state highway engineer, must be
brought to an end.
Major Bowlby Is a factor to be reck
oned with in the future development of
the state highway In Columbia Comity.
The people of the county are divided
in their sentiments and sympathies on
the Bowlby Issue.
As has been pointed out previously,
the people of St. Helens and cappooi4
and the entire southern end of the
county are heartily opposed to Major
Bowlby, while the residents of Kalnter.
Clatskanle and most of the northern
end are earnestly supporting him.
The people of Southern Columbia
County have drawn up a rather for
midable set of accusations against the
official acts of the state highway engi
Acvusatlona Are amer4an.
Summarized, the complaints are about
First That he underestimated th
cost of tie Columbia Highway through
Columbia County previous to the elec
tion at which the people voted to bond
themselves for P,S0.000.
Second That the engineering eosta
for both the preliminary surveys and
the actual construction work have been
Third That his administration of the
state highway construction has been
extravagant and unduly expensive.
Fourth That he has been Involved
In repeated and almost continuous con
troversies with the contractors on the
Fifth That he caujed all the money
10 be spent In the northern part of the
county after the people of the souther n
end of the county had been led to be
lieve that a portion of It would be
Sixth That he located the main
highway west of the North Bank Ttall-i-oad
track at Houlton. leaving St. Hel
ens, the county seat, more than a mile
Oemolltloa ef Roada C'harard.
Seventh That existing roads were
destroyed to make a grade for the new
road, leaving some communities tempo
rarily without roads at all.
Eighth That the wishes of cltlzena
and of the County Court regarding loca
tions were frequently Ignored.
Ninth That the engineers repeated
ly changed the locations of important
points along the roart, thereby creat
ing additional expense.
Tenth That he caused a misunder
standing with the County Court re
garding the cost of oblalnlng rights-of-way,
leading to several condemnation
suits at great expense.
Kleventh That some of the dry rock
walls put In by the contractors upon
specifications laid down by the high
way engineer already are show ing rlgns
Twelfth That he employed Inexperi
Major Bowlby and his friends have
answered these accusations. They have
Alfo pointed out numerous ofllclft.1 dc.cda
of merit which they Insist entitle Major
Bowlby to the favorable consideration
of everyone in Columbia County.
Variance ( Hstlmalee Defended.
W. A. Harris, ex-County Judge of
Columbia County, w ho vras recalled be
cause of his disagreement with Major
Howlby. has figured that the actual coot
of the road in Columbia County will be
$121, 222. ?2 more than originally esti
mated by Major Bowlby. He declare
that the cost of the work at the end of
October was $J18.311.75. and that the
cost to complete will be lS3,S8t.77. a
total of $101,971.32. He points out tliat
the contract price of the work under
taken on Major Bowlby'a upeclflcatlon
was $280,751.30. Here is where he ob
tains his difference of $121,222.22.
Major Bowlby'a supporters declare
that it is not unusual for the engineer's
estimates to vary from the actual cust.
and point out that the estimates In
Multnomah County were below the flrml
cost. On the other nana. .Major
Bow'.by's opponents Intimate that the
estimates purpoaely were kept low r-o
that the voters would not defeat 1 ho
bond Issue. '
Delay In Reports l.plalarJ.
Judse Harria hna fljured that the
engineering cost on the work to cWte
have been $62,29.53. Of this cum $3C
7S3.2S was spent on tho preliminary sur
vey. All but a small portion of tills
has been returned to the county by
tho state. But an aggregate of til.-
Concluded on lag