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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 9, 1915)
VOL. LV.-0. 1C938.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 9, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
United States Insists On
Improved Conditions, .
$140,000 LOST IN
JONES' CASH STORE, OX FRONT
STREiET, IS DESTROYED.
EARLY CHANGE DEMANDED
Three-Story Building Is Badly Dam
aged River Boats Aid in
The three-story brick building on
the southeast corner of Front and Oak
streets, occupied by Jones' Cash Store,
waa Dartlv burned last night, the
entire contents of the building being
nracticallv destroyed. The stock was
valued at aDDroximateiy $100,000. The
loss is mostly covered by insurance.
Damasre to the building la estimated
at about $40,000.
The flames were observed at 10:30
American Warships Assembled y ponce at the station at second
ana ua&, a itw mutna " "
alarm given, which was followed by a
Both of the fireboats were brought
into play from the river.
A Great Northern freight car, which
had been run down on the track in
front of the building for unloading,
was pushed by hand up the street be
fore it bad been much damaged.
For a time it appeared that the es
tablishment of M. L. Kline, wholesale
Amhassarinrs anrf Ministers at plumber, m the adjoining bunding.
.....WHWWMWW.W M. SM W w. " I V. J. mno-A4 Kilt hA ftPA TX-Q
controlled before it had spread that
.. .,f o
i uii mi
Captured Crews Wil
Get No Honors.
BRITAIN ADOPTS NEW POLICY
to Be Rushed to Vera Cruz
for Big Demonstration.
NOTE'S LANGUAGE URGENT
Prisoners From Submarine
U-8 Come Under Ruling.
TRIALS MAY BE DEFERRED
Statement by Admiralty Admits That
Proof May Be Hard to Obtain.
Loss of Steamer With Women
and Children Causes Action.
Washington See Change in
ONLY CRUCIFIX SURVIVES
of Church Interior Burns
WASHINGTON, March 8. General Rest
Carranza has been informed in a note I
mm t Vi r Tin itfil Stgtse nm-ornmput I
I LONDON", March S. With the sole
exception of a crucifix, which was un-
conditions with respect to foreigners touched, everything in the church at
. Messines. a Belgian town six miies
ana tneir interests in Alexican terri-i outh of Tpres wa9 destroyed as the
tory under his control, such steps as result of fire following a bombardment
may be necessary will be taken by ne TtTss with ihl
tne American uovcrnment to obtain British headquarters staff, whose story
the desired protection. includes a description of the remark-
. . . ,, . , able resistance of medieval buildings to
a iic nui-e is uic Biruugesi ana mosl8heH fire
emphatic document that has been sent Great blocks of masonry were blown
by the Washington Government to ff tbo Messines church, the belfry was
,.... , . , shot away and the interior was com-
ii-au.u smie mc correspondence wiui ,e(ely burned out, but the framework,
Huerta a vear atro. Carranza islthouch irrerular in outline and full
l,f tt:j et.4 l... of gaping holes, is etill standing.
n a. i lieu Liia a. liic ii i i- x .11 j i - iimi i
TtAU41 With AfV AnAvn w-k
ine complaints bv foreigners t?enfrT- PRINCE'S MESSAGE FOUND
Jy against his administration of af
fairs and now, in effect, demands an
Many See Change in Policy.
The contents of the communication
was revealed to several of the Ambas
sadors and Ministers here, who ex
pressed satisfaction at its urgent lan
guage. Some regarded it as an en
tire change of policy toward Mexico! ing. the enemy fortified in new posi-
on the part of the United States.
Kaiser Sad Following losses, Says
Ifclr, Telegraphing Wife.
VRJS. March 8. The Revue Blue
prints the diary of a German sergeant
major, who had charge of the tele
srraph service In the Verdun district. In
which the following telegram, sent by
the German Crown Prince to his wife
September 3, was preserved:
'After a hard fight we have toTced
the passage of the Meuse, always find
American Consul Silliman should
have presented the note to Carranza
today. A copy of it was sent to the
tions. This means terrible losses, nut
we advance. Fapa, last night at Mar-
ville. was very sad. Von Wedel has
been killed. Steray is beautifully sit
uated but has been severely treated. I
am stavlnc at a pretty house belong
Brazilian Minister at Mexico City to ing to an old lady.
he shown to General Ohi-po-on. the "Remembrances. Guillume.
In the meantime some movements EDITOR NELSON IMPROVING
of American warships have been or
Phjskians Say Change Is Xot Posi
tively One for Better.
KANSAS CITT, March 8. A slight
improvement which occurred late today
in the condition of "William Rockhill
Nelson, editor of the Kansas City Star,
dered, the effect of which will be a
naval demonstration such as, it is
hoped by some officials, will convince
General Carranza of the determina
tion of the American Government to
obtain a change in conditions in Mex-lwas apparent tonight. His physicians
announced that the change could not be
described as a positive change for the
Mr. Nelson has been ill at his home
here since early last December. Sinew
Friday he has been unconscious most of
Warships to Go to Vera Cruz.
Secretary Daniels conferred with
President Wilson tonight over the
prospects of sending additional war
ships to Vera Cruz. Only one vessel.
the battleship Delaware, has been at VOTES CHEAP IN CHICAGO
Vera Cruz for several weeks, but five
warships will be in that vicinity in a
few days. It has been planned to
send the Delaware to Guantanamo
Boon to join the Atlantic fleet in its
As a result of the latest develop
ments the Delaware will remain at
Vera Cruz indefinitely; the cruiser
Indictments Follow Testimony
Election raymcnts of 25 Cents.
CHICAGO. March S. Testimony be
fore the grand Jury that votes had been
bought in the recent primary for 25 to
50 cents and in some cases for a break
fast or a 'night's lodging resulted today
in the indictment of four Democratic
workers in the First Ward.
Those indicted are Dan Evans, eleC'
LONDON, March 8. The Admiralty
announces that it Is not justified In
extending honors to the captured crews
of German submarine boats, owing to
their methods, and that it is intended
to segregate them under special re
strictions, pending their possible con
viction at the conclusion of peace.
The Admiralty states that this ruling
applies to the 29 officers and men of
German submarine U-S, which was
sunk recently off Dover.
Mnrder Trial Possible.
The policy to be adopted toward the
crews of German submarines is in
answer to the demand of Admiral Lord
Charles Beresford, retired, and others,
that such men be tried for murder, and
the Admiralty statement indicates that
the Government has this In mind.
The statement refers to the generous
treatment accorded German officers and
men. numbering upwards of 1000, and
then says with reference to the U-S:
This vessel had been operating in
the Straits of Dover and in the English I
Channel, and there is a stropg prob- J
ability that she has been guilty of at
tacking and sinking unarmed merchant
men and firing torpedoes at ships car
rying non-combatants, neutrals and
women. In particular, the steamer Ori
ole is missing, and there is grave reason
to fear that she has been sunk with
her crew of 20.
Evidence May Be Lacking.
'There is, of course, great difficulty
In bringing home particular crimes to
any Individual German submarine, and
it may be that the evidence necessary
to establish conviction will not be ob
tained until after the conclusion of
peace. Meantime persons against wnom
such charges are pending must be sub
ject to a special restriction and cannot
be accorded the distinction of their
rank or be allowed to mingle' with
other prisoners of war."
A report received from Rear-Admiral
the Honorable Horace Hood on the sink
ing of the U-8, as made public by the
Admiralty, shows that the submarine
was finally destroyed by the torpedo-
boat destroyers Gurkha and Maori. The
other Destroyers which took part in the
hunt were the Viking, Nubian, Mohawk,
Falcon, Kangaroo. Cossack. Lev-en,
Fawn and Ure. Tne operations were
direi ted by the officer commanding the
flotilla. Captain C. D. Johnson, and were
narked by skill and promptitude, ac
cording to the report.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TODAY'S Probably fair: easterly winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 62.6
degrees; minimum, 40.7 degrees.
Three more forts In Dardanelles are silenced
by Anglo-French fleet. Page o-
Carolyn Wilson writes of experience In Ger
man jail, page 1.
Britain announces plan of treatment of
American cotton cargoes. Page ii.
Sultan punished official who expelled Jewa,
says uerman Ambassador, .rage a.
Three thousand Germans killed at Notre
Dame de orette. Pago 8.
Austrians report scattered gains over Bus
ftians. Page 2.
Captured officers and men of German cub
marines to be held for possible murder
trials. Page 1.
British Admiralty admits loss of collier.
United States sends peremptory note to Car
ranza. page l.
Railroads argue that higher wage scale
makes rate increase necessary. Page 5.
Thaw trial opens and reveals that prisoner
is fighting for liberty. Page 1.
Derrick and Ca risen arrive at Fresno after
strenuous trip. Page 22.
Portland trades school to apply for admit
tance to interscaoiasuc league. Page
McCredle sends Beavers to mat for Spring
training. Page 12.
Colonel B. K. Lawson dismissed as peniten
tiary head for insubordination. Page liL
Robbers make second attempt to burglarize
at. paui store, page 6.
Major Bowlby hopes to have Columbia High
way open to Astoria by July 4, alter
viewing Columbia County link. Page 6.
Complaints against Major Bowlby shown to
come from numerous sources. Page 6.
Idaho Legislature passes important bills and
aajourns. page 7.
Washington legislators assail university's so
cialistic trend. Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Local wheat prices sharply advanced.
aait's are iew. -it.
Chicago wheat market soars on prospect of
ataiy ana ureece entering war. Page IT.
Report of general trade improvement stim
ulate stock market. Page 3 7.
Active cattle trade at North Portland
yards. Page 16.
Joseph Supple awarded cormact at $16,178
ior government tender. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
rire in Jones Cash Store causes heavy dam-
Age, raw i
Jitney ordinance coming up today. -Expect-
ea to precipitate clash. Page 11.
Forger blames laundry, not dairy for ending
ui seven-year career, page 11.
Portland banks show gain in deposits.
inurcn workers near opportunities among:
immigrants discussed at conference.
THAW IS BATTLING
AGAIN FOR LIBERT!
Trial for Conspiracy
SUNK BY TORPEDO
THOUSANDS AVITXESS SU'1AY
DISASTER. AT SKA,
OUTCOME HINGES ON SANITY
Crew of 33 Men Are Iiescucd by
"earby Ships Attack Is With
LONDON, March S. The Admiralty
announces that the British collier Ben
grave was sunk Sunday, probably by a
torpedo, off Ilfracombe, which lies ten
miles northeast of Barnstaple, County
ILFRACOMBE, England. Sunday (de
layed), via London. March 9. The Brlt-
lllegal Detention at Time Of steamer Bengrove was seen In dis-
, i iress ana suunain ner sjren ine imics
Flight IS Defense S Stand. off this shore at l:30 o'clock Sunday
afternoon. Forty minutes later the
ship's bow rose from the water and
she sank by the stern. Thousands of
yjQT"Lrr QP""3 PRISONER peopI stood on tne sore and watched
Two steamers were In the vicinity,
one of which, the Faignton. of Liver
pool, rescued the crew of 3?, and local
lifeboats brought them ashore amid the
cheers of the populace. The captain of
the Bengrove made this statement:
"We had no warning. There was a
loud explosion forward, which threw
everybody on board off their feet and
covered them with debris and coal, but
nobody was seriously hurt. We took to
the boats quickly and orderly. We
watched the ship sink end then came
ashore through the agency of the
Jury Is Cliosen and Kich Youns
Defendant, Who Appears to Be
Glowing With Health, Says He
Is Satisfied With Men.
6 DAYS III GERMAN
Carolyn Wilson Tells of
Being Held as Spy.
APPEALS FOR AID UNHEARD
American Newspaper Woman
Gets No Consideration.
CELL COLD AND NARROW
SEIZED COPPER RELEASED
British Prize . Court Rules Cargo
Cannot Be Requisitioned.
LONDON", March 8. Xo belligerent
government has a right to requisition
a cargo belonging to a neutral gov
ernment, according to a decree given
out by the prize court today.
The question at Issue arosa over
1000 tons of copper sent from the
United States to Gothenberg. Sweden,
for the use of contractors to the Swed
ish government. This cargo was cap
tured by a British warship and exparte
order was made by the' registrar of
the prize court, releasing the copper
to the British government.
PRUSSIAN LEADER KILLED
on Battlefield in Foland.
BERLIN', via London, March 8.
Major-General von Dittfurth, command
er of the Landwehr Brigade, and a
member of the Prussian Diet, was killed
battle near Lomza, In Poland, last
He had been well known as a writer
on military subjects.
GIRL 1400 FEET UP LEAPS
Daughter of Inventor Demonstrates
Aerial Life Preserver.
SAN' DIEGO. Cal., March 8. Briga
dier-General George P. Scrivan, chief
of the aeronautical corps of the United
States Army, a visitor to the Panama
Pacific Exposition today,, witnessed his
first demonstration of an aerial life
Leaping out of an aeroplane from an
altitude of 1400 feet, the 18-year-old
daughter of Charles Broadwick, in
ventor of the apparatus, made a safe
NEW YORK, March S. In the room
where he twice faced a jury for the
murder of Stanford White. Harry Ken
dall Thaw went on trial today lor
conspiring to escape from the State
Hospital for the Criminal Insane at
Matteawan. With him, as co-defend
ants, were five men, who, the state
charges, were parties to me auesen Major-Ccncrnl Von
conspiracy. ine entire aay whs ic
quired to complete the jury. Taking
of testimony will begin tomorrow
From the outset it was evident that
the trial would be another fight on
Thaw's part to gain his freedom. His
attorneys plainly intimated that they
intended to try. to prove their client
was sane when he escaped from the
asylum. Such being the case, they
said in examining talesmeii, the de
fendant was being illegally detained
at the time of his flight.
Questions fhow Tendency.
They asked prospective jurors wheth
er they would be prejudiced against
a man. who, providing ho was of
sound mind, used any means at his
command to escape from a hospital
for the insane.
John It. Stanchfield, Thaw's chief
counsel, said later a writ of habeas
corpus would be demanded if Thaw
were acquitted, on the ground that his
detention would be illegal because the
Jury, Mr. Stanchfield1 said, would have
established his client's sanity by their
verdict. The lawyer would not say
what he would do If Thaw wenj found
guilty. The contention of the state, as
outlined in questioning talesmen, is
that Thaw, although insane at the time
of his escape, was nevertheless com
petent to enter into a conspiracy and
that therefore he should be punished
BERNHARDT ABLE TO SIT UP
Condition of Actress, Following Am
putation of Leg, Said to Be Good.
BORDEAUX, March S, via Paris.
The bulletin issued today by Dr.
Denuce, who is attending Sarah Bern
hardt at the hospital here to which she
is a patient, following the recent am
putation of her right leg, says:
Madame Bernhardt is able to sit up
today.' Her condition is excellent.
Mondays War Moves
HE British and French fleets have
tnte Has 30 Witnesses.
Deputy Attorney-General Kennedy.
In charge of the prosecution, said
Thaw would be immediately returned
to Matteawan if found guilty. The
state, he said, was prepared if neces
sary to place 60 witnesses on the stand
to prove its case.
In obtaining the jury each side used
only three of its five allotted peremp
tory challenges. Thaw, smiling broad
ly now and then, assisted his attorneys
In selecting the jurymen. His co-defendants
offered scarcely any sugges-
(Concluded on rage 5.)
Tacoma left Port au Prince, Hayti, tion judge; Emanuel Sommers, precinct
challenger, and Ben Barnett and John
Marshall,, precinct workers.
today under orders to proceed at once
to Vera Cruz; the gunboat Petrel al-
7::ZV7 EMBARG0 IS BROKEN
from Progresso to Vera Cruz, while Liner Leaving Xew York Tomorrow
the gunboat Sacramento is at Tam
pico. Entire Fleet Near By.
Other available light-draft vessels
more valuable than battleships in
tropical waters are the gunboats
Wheeling and Nashville, being held
in readiness with the armored cruiser
Washington, in Haitien and Domini
can waters, while the entire Atlantic
fleet of 21 first-class battleships is at
Guantanamo, within two and a half
days sail of Vera Cruz.
Mr. Daniels gave this summary of
the position of the warships, but de
clined to discuss future movements.
Tbat conditions again have reached
an acute crisis was admitted at all
the Government departments. When
asked whether the United States in
tended to use physical force to obtain
Concluded on Fas ft.)
to Take Letters to Falmouth.
NEW TORK, March 8. Announce
ment was made today that the mall
embargo between this country and
Great Britain, which threatened to hold
out until March 17, when the White
Star liner Arable sails for England,
had been broken.
The Ryndam, of the Holland-American
line, will start Wednesday for the
other side and leave all the British
mail at Falmouth.
PET. DOG FOILS ROBBERS
Holdup Men, Covering T. E. Clark,
Flee at Sound of Bark.
A pet dog saved T. E. Clark, 1281
East Twenty-fourth street, from rob
bers who attempted to hold him up
while he was backing his automobile
into the garage late Sunday" night.
Two armed men ordered him to hold
up his hands when he slowed down
the machine, but fled when the dog
ran out from the bouse barking.
I IS IT LOADED?
j ' - j
to Constantinople, not, however, with
out damage to the ships engaged, and
the battle royal for the 'Dardanelles
continues. More Turkish forts on the
Asiatic side have been silenced, ac
cording to a statement by the British
Admiralty, but the Turkis are making
a terrific resistance and the shells
from their German-made guns , have
found more than one mark on the
attacking naval force.
This struggle for the gateway of
the Ottoman capital Is at present the
big feature of the war new, and
closely linked .with this is the sus
tained excitement in Greece, incident
to the resignation of the cabinet of M.
Venlzelos, who, deeming Greece's en
try Into the hostilities on the side of
the Triple Entente imperative, could
not agree with his King and resigned.
The retiring Premier, according to
Athens dispatches, plans to leave for
From the number of ships engaged
and the size and range of the guns,
the battle of the Dardanelles is unlike
anything in history, according to naval
experts. At 21,000 yards the huge
battleship Queen Elizabeth, of the
British Bquadron, assisted by emallcr
ships, is still hurling shells across the
Gallipot! Peninsula into the Turkish
strongholds on the Asiatic shore. The
Admiraljty statement carries the opera
tlons through Sunday and admits that
the Turks not only scored three minor
hits on the Queen Elizabeth, but that
the majority of the ships inside the
straits, both French and British, were
struck. None was sunk and there were
The Turkish forts Rumill Mcdlldlch
Tabia and Hamidiehl Tabia fringing
the Asiatic shore line, which previous
ly had withstood the bombardment
were silenced, as was the Mount Dar-
danus battery further south. The
Turkish casualties are unknown.
A Turkish official statement from
Constantinople, issued prior to the Ad
miralty statement, insisted that the
fiehting In the Dardanelles was de
veloping in favor of the Turks.
It was said that no batteries were be
ing destroyed and that the hostile
ships were forced to retreat.
Aeroplanes, taking wing from the
decks of the warships, are playing a
notable part In the operations. One
British machine became unmanageable
and dived Into the sea and another was
hit by the Turks 28 times.
An air raid by British fliers on the
German submarine base at Ostend, Bel
gium, was announced by tho Admiralty
last night. Six machines participated
and returned safely. What damage they
inflicted, if any, is not known.
One of the most picturesque bits of
the day's news is a report from Bucha
rest, Roumania, saying that ex-Sultan
Abcul Hamld of Turkey has regained
his freedom and is gathering his friends
and supporters around him. It Is as
serted that he may seek to play an im
portant part in his country's affairs.
More progress by tTie British fleet
before Smyrna, by which Turkish bat
teries were silenced. Is announced in
an Admiralty statement.
Kaiwr's Officials Described a Mu-
pid and Women .1 oilers as Cruel.
Tliouaud of Question Akcd
ly Suspicion!) aplor.
BY CAHOI-YN WII..SON.
(Cnpv-iKh. lfl. t-v th Trunin l'rmipnr
Vubllvln.d hv Aniingi'iiicm null lh c'.w
cngo Tribunr. )
BERNE. Switzerland, Feb. 1 T. I
went into German)' rare free, joyou i
as on returning home after a long b.
neiicc and I left it fkulkinir tearfully
across the border afraid lest at thi
last moment some one should srrcot me
I went over to Berlin from Frame by
way of Ilamourg, expecting to get In
the German capital where I had onro
lived and studied for f-oein year--news
of what people there were doing
and thinking; newn especially of
womankind that would provo interest
ing to the women who would tea my
letters. I am now in Switzerland, en
route back to Paris, with an abundance
of experience, the most vivid being a
memory of six days It a Berlin prison.
I have been broken on the wheel of
German militarism. For tho six d.i
In the German prison all the power of
the Embassy, tho Consulate, the For
eign Office, of scores of old friend In
Berlin, or the help of loyal now.spspe'
colleagues, could not get me out.
ticrraan Official Lulled MuplH.
However, I don't wnnt to prcJudM ft
you in the ftrrt place by giving the Im
pression that I have eome out of Ger
many furious with the entire govern
ment, anxious to do an tiling I ran for
revenge. That is absolutely not the
case. I think German officialdom Is
stupid hopclesly, painstakingly stupid.
And It seems to aie when every mem
ber of our Aine.rlcaa Kinbas.'y and the
Consulate went Individually and In
chorus to each of tho different bureau
which were concerned with me and
demanded my release, and were willing
to be personally responsible for nie
until such time as the government
could be satisfied with my claim, that
I should have been releed before clx
days of solitary Imprisonment hsd
Of course I realize that when a com
plaint Is made they must trae it to
the end In there perilous time?-, and
the Incident has In no way prejudiced
me nsalnst the wonderful condition of
affairs In Germany. It will III no -nay
affect the articles 1 flnill write on the
spirit among the German people
and their lives during these wai
days. I did see something of Gerninn
life in Hamburg and en route to Berlin
before I was arrested.
Arreat Mot Iiprcted.
Do you want to hear about pili-ou
life? Are you interested In the trials
of a "spy" presumed to be lr the pay
of the French government And. fhall
I start right at the beginning?
Thev came to set me while I was at
luncheon on Saturday. February 1
nice, gentlemanly looking policeman,
who looked through all my things,
took all my papers, and requested me
to go with them to tho police station.
It was all done so quietly, so courteous,
ly, that I thought It w the usual
thing for Americans to have such ex
aminations. They asked me a thousand or to
questions, harping on tlie fnrt thai
I was inimical to Germany. Incidental
ly I got so tired of the two words,
"deutschfeindllch" and "dcutschfreun-J-llch,"
that I hope 1 never hear them
again as long as I live.
At about 4:30 in the afternoon, when
they were tired out ahklng me every
thing about my past life, my plans for
the future, and my hope of Immortality
they smilingly Informed nie, much with
the air of hosts giving an invitation,
that they were regretfully obliged to
detain me there for the night. I was
slightly staggered, but their pleasant
faces calmed nie. and I haw In pros
pect a room, not too large, but com
fortable, a student's lamp, perhaps, by
which I could read until midnight, ami
then early in the morning out again.
"Can't anything be done." I asked.
Can't I phone to the Embasy or the
Consulate, where I am known, and let
them explain for mel"
They would not give me permission
to phone either of the American repre
sentatives, but said I might send word
to the American Woman's Club, where
was staying, in order that they
shouldn't worry about me there.
I didn't want to make a usclesr
bother over just one night, so I lather
laughed over the matter on the tele
phone to the secretary of the club,
and asked her to accept for me a
dinner engagement which I bad Ju.st
received for tho following night so
sure was I that I should be out. For
they assured roe at the polire bureau
that an officer would come and got me
In the mornin- and take me befoie
I asked the club secretary to send
(Concluded on l'aic 2.