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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 10, 1915)
VOL. LV. NO. 10.939.
2 WARSHIPS OH WAY
10 MEXICAN COAST
Bryan Again Warns
Americans to Leave.
CARftfNZA RECEIVES NOTE
Zapata Occupies Capital
Obregon Abandons It.
ULTIMATUM NOT GIVEN
President Says United States Only
Presents Views and "Acts Ac
cordlngly" Diplomats Detect
W SHINGTON. March . American
citizens again have been warned to
)v. Mexico City, in view of the
critical situation that has arisen there.
Se-rctary Bryan announced tonight
that transportation facilities would be
soucht tor as many as desired to leave.
The battleship Georgia and the
armored crul.-er Washington were
ordered by Secretary Daniels, after con
ferences with President Wilson, to pro
ceed at once to Vera Cruz.
Consular messages from Vera Cruz
aid it was reported there that the
evacuation of Mexico City began last
niKht- . .
Occupation of Zarata Reported.
Enrique C. Llorente. Washington rep
resentative of General Villa, received a
message saying the Zapatista forces oc
cupied Mexico City today, immediately
on the evacuation by Obregon s troops.
Word came from American Consul
Silllman that at a personal Interview
with General Carranza he has delivered
to the latter the formal note from the
United States Government demanding
an improvement In conditions for for
eigners in the territory under his con
trol. Carranza promised a written reply
soon, but said orally that General
Obregon had not prevented food sup
plies from reaching the City of Mex
ico, nor had he sent the available sup
plies from the capital.
SerUns Consequences Possible.
Th wre the principal develop
ments today In the Mexican situation,
the importance of which today over
shadowed in official Washington inter
est in the European war.
Although the contents of the Ameri
can note to Carranza were not revealed.
Its emphatic tone Impressed members
of the diplomatic corps that serious
consequences would ensue if Carranza
failed to heed the representations made
to him. The United States, in Its com
munication, it became known today, de
scribed conditions as "intolerable" and
called on Carranza to take the neces
sary steps to correct the situation.
The note pointed out that if harm
befell any foreigners the American
Government would hold the Carranza
officials "personally responsible" and
would take the necessary means to
Impose the responsibility where It be
longed. Note Xot Ultimatum.
It was not In the nature of an ulti
matum. President Wilson himself to
day declared that the United States
did not utter ultimata, but presented
views and acted accordingly.
The movement of warships to Mexi
can waters and the warning to Amer
icans, it was said, had been decided on
out of an abundance of precaution.
The entry of Zapatista forces into
Mexico City, It was believed by offi
cials, would mean the reopening of
communication north to the American
Secretary Bryan was hopeful that the
situation would solve itself without the
necessity of proceeding further than
the making of representations.
Trains to Be Demanded.
In view of the interruption of rail
road communication between Mexico
City and Vera Cruz, except for military
purposes, the State Department was
prepared to Insist that trains be pro
vided for Americans who desired to
reach the sea. That many Americans
cJc.-Ire to leave Is known.
TIe Carranza agency here issued an
other denial tonight of the reports of
General Obregon's activities, giving a
lele;ran from Obregon himself deny
ing t'.iat he had interfered with the
shipment of food to the city.
President Wilson indicated that some
of thi; reports about conditions in the
capital were exaggerated, but said that
the fear of riots and outrages and the
food famine had brought about a seri
ous situation. It is known, too, from
reports from the Brazilian Minister that
General Obregon refused transportation
facilities for the International Relief
Commission, which raised a fund of
230,000 pesos with which to bring sup
plies into the capital to succor the poor
Zapata's Arrival Gives Hope.
It was believed tonight a reply from
Carranza would be received tomorrow,
but with the evacuation of Mexico City
and the-return of the Zapatistas, who
according to official reports, policed the
city well when they last were in com
mand, officials were inclined to believe
that the crisis would be passed without
The Carranza agency here announced
tonight that the following had been re
reived from General Obregon in reply
to a telegram asking for Information
about conditions in Mexico City:
"I note what you say in regard to the
(Concluded on Par 2.)
REOPEN APRIL 1
KLAMATH COUNTY'S BIGGEST
PLAXTS SOOX KE.VUV.
Pelican Ray Company Will Turn Out
150,000 Feet or Lumber In
Rebuilt Property Now.
KLAMATH FALLS. Or, March 9.
(Special.) Klamath County's two big
gest sawmills, the Pelican Bay Lumber
Company's and the Algoma Lumber
Company's plants, will begin operation
,vi. .,. tnrii l. The plant of the
Pelican Bay Company burned last July,
but a new one has been erected and will
reopen with about 300men in employ
ment. The new plant will have a ca
pacity of 160.000 feet of lumber every
ten hours, or about twice that of the
old mill, which was destroyed last year.
While' the Algoma mill has not been
running to capacity this Winter, Its
box factory has been turning out about
23 cars of snooks a week. More than
200 men will find employment there In
The Lamm Lumber Company has
closed a contract with the Forest Serv
ice for considerable timber to be cut
on the west side of Upper Klamath
Lake near Odessa and are planning a
busy season. The Edmonds company
i,. Knuirht a. larire tract of timber east
of here near Olene ami will erect a mill
shortly, the machinery for which is al
ready on the ground.
WOMAN DIES IN BLIZZARD
"Scotty" Allan Discovers Body of
Mrs. Ralqulst in Drift.
NOME. Alaska, March 9. The body
of Mrs. Emma Dalquist. who became
lost in a blizzard Sunday night while
driving a dogteam from Safety to
x'nr miles, was found burled under
a snowdrift today. She had been frozen
to death. Apparently the woman be
came deranged In the bitter cold, for
she had thrown away her mittens and
ATr nalnulsfs badv was found by
A. A. (Scotty) Allen, the widely-known
,.Mnr Hon- driver, who was on me
trail since early yesterday seeking the
lost woman. He found ner muKiuKB
15 miles from Nome and a short dl3
tnnCA nfr the Cane Nome road early
this morning. Returning to the vicinity
later in the day he searched among
iha arwMvdrif ta and found the woman's
body, which is oelng brought to Nome.
ALL R0SLYN PAYS TRIBUTE
Mines Halt and Many Travel Far to
Funeral of Henry Smith.
TtOKT.VM Wash.. March 9. (Special.)
Mines stopped, business houses closed
and practically every maa and woman
In Roslyn today paused to honor me
memory of Henry Smith, one of the
oldest residents of this community, who
died last Saturday at Everett.
To the funeral services, which were
in charge of the local Masonic order,
came an escort of Knight Templars
from the Ellensburg commandery, and
nearly 100 old-time Kittitas County
citizens from the lower valley, as well
as others from Seattle and Tacoma. Mr.
Smith came to Roslyn 28 years ago
from Streator. 111. He leaves besides
his widow two sons and four daugh
ters. For 25 years he was Justice of
the Peace here, and was one of the
wealthiest and most influential citizens.
BITNEYS BOB UP IN BAKER
Results or Taxi Rate War Is Service
That Kivals Jitneys.
BAKER Or.. March 9. (Special.)
Baker has a bitney service. Not a
Jitney nor a taxi service, but a bitney
service. One taxi firm in a rate war
tried to get the business by selling
books good for ten 25-cent- rides for
There were -many purchasers, but
another firm lowered the rate to 25
cents a round trip wth a ticket for
another ride If the passenger goes only
one way. This made the fare 12V4
cents or, in common talk, a bit That
is why they call them bitneys here
and the only people who do not enjoy
the war are those who loaded up on
the books that ga-ve rides for 22
cents a ride.
PARTY UNION PREDICTED
John Hays Hammond Says Republl
cansWlll Win on Tariff.
MILWAUKEE, March 9. "There can
be no doubt that upon this one great
economic Issue the tariff the Repub
lican party can rely for victory in
1916." said John Hays Hammond last
night. 'in addressing several hundred
Republicans of Wisconsin, who were
assembled here for the purpose of in
augurating a movement toward party,
action in the coming campaign.
"I believe the Progressive, or third
party, will assuredly come back to the
Republican party in the coming cam
paign." JOB HELD FOR 41 YEARS
Postmaster at La Center to Retire
When Successor Files Bond.
R1DGEFIELD, Wash., March 9 (Spe
cial.) John K Gaither, who has been
postmaster of La Center for 41 years,
will retire from the service as soon
as Patrick M. Kanes, recently ap
pointed, can file his bond and receives
his commission. Mr. Gaither, who Is
7S years old. came from Indiana in
1873, and the following year became
He has missed only one term of of
fice. When he took over the postofflce
there were only four patrons who sub
scribed for newspapers. Mr. Gaither Is
hale and hearty.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY,
22 FRENCH TROOP
SHIPS HEAR STRAITS
Transports Are Sailing
NEW NAVAL FLEETS REVEALED
German Says Proof Found of
British Additions Since War.
TURKS BELITTLE ATTACK
Result of Continuous Bombardment
by Allies Declared Negligible.
Rough Weather Hampers Op
erations, Reports Paris.
BERLIN. March 9. by wireless to Say
vllle, N. T. A dispatch" to the Frank
furter Zeltung says that a steamer ar
riving at an Italian port reports having
met 22 French transports near the
Island of Malta, heading toward the
In an article in the Vorwaerts, the
former London . correspondent of the
newspaper, in dealing with the Dar
denelles attack, says:
"The composition of the British fleot
appears to confirm the rumor that Great
Britain has addea two squadrons of
new ships to her navy since the war
Results Declared Nesrllsrlnle.
Turkish advices published today in
the various Berlin newspapers unite in
declaring that the results of the allied
bombardment of the Turkish forts In
the Dardanelles have been negligible.
At the same time it is pointed out that
several ships of the allied fleet have
The British battleship Queen Eliza
beth particularly lis said to have been
damaged and a French armored cruiser
also is reported to have been forced to
retire. Two mine sweepers, the advices
from ""Constantinople say, have been
Reports reached herefrom Smyrna by!
way of Constantinople aescnue ino re
cent bombardment of that seaport as
Crnlaer la Damaged.
A hostile cruiser was damaged and a
vessel engaged in mine sweeping was
PARIS, March 9. An official com
munication telling of the operations
of the allied fleet in the Dardanelles
was issued by the Ministry of Marine
"During the day of March 8. the
superdreadnaught Queen Elizabeth,
supported by four cruisers, entered the
Dardanelles and with her great 381
mlllimetre guns bombarded Fort Rumili
Medjidieh Tabia, situated on Point
"The bad weather has hindered
WHERE THE HOWL COMES FROM. I
P T '
l - ,......TT-TTT-t
INDEX OF TOBArSMWSllS!iD FAIV1ILY 10
The Weather. . . va"
. .e, 63.S
decrees: minimum; 4. V
TODAY'S Probably fair; . .sterly winds.
German submarines sink three more mer
chantmen without warning. Page 1.
Japsn to watch Germans and Austriana
carefully hereafter. Pago J.
Frencn find German positions armored and
equipped with revolving guns. Page 2.
Russians capture German stores. Page 2.
James O'Donnell Bennett says fame has not
turned Marshal Von Hindenbers's head.
Two 'warships ordered to Vera Cruz; United
States i.oto delivered to Carranza; SSepata
occupies capital. Page 1.
Railway official says roads do not seek to
profit by war. Page 3.
Gould family put out of ilissouri Pacific
Iron Mountain system. Page 1.
China is supreme for day with dedication
ceremonies at fair. Page 5.
Testimony of hotel man regarding Thaw's
sanity Is forbid. Page 7.
Oscar W. Underwood says time has come for
Government to help business and stop
hindering It. Page 5.
McCredle moves Naughton to outfield po
sition. Page 12.
State Fair Board decides to discontinue
futurities, after 1915. Page 12.
LlncoIn'Hlgh School defeats Columbia In
final lnterscholasttc basketball game.
Last Legislature saved state $614,560 on ap
propriations. Pace 6.
Lorrls Martin, accused of killing Deputy
Game Warden Hubbard, freed at Med-
ford. Page 7.
Lister vetoes bills aimed at direct legislation.
Commercial and Marine.
Local wheat market advances four to six
cents. Pago 17.
Foreign buying on large scale excites Chi
cago wheat market. Page 37.
Wall street more Interested in Mexjcan
than in European situation. Page 17.
Senju Maru is cleared for Orient with J150,-
700 cargo from Portland. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Mount Hood scaled earlier in season than
ever before. Page 11.
Council argues jitney regulation at lively
meeting. Page li.
Plans are made to use roses around Oregon
building. Page 18.
Attorneys clash and suffer Injuries before
Judge calls halt. Page 11.
Campaign for road bond issue launched.
Senator Bingham commends sane legislation
passed by Oregon and Washington.
Four Jitneys in accident In day. Page 13.
Dolly St. Denis identified as Mrs. Hazel
Tackel3, of Mllwaukle. Page 6.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 1ft.
ICE BLOCKADE IS EVADED
Four Newfoundland Sealers Find
Lane Through Floes.
ST. JOHNS. N. F., March 9. Four
vessels of the sealing fleet, the
steamers Terra Nova, Viking, Erik and
Diana, were threatened with damage
by the ice pack off this port today,
but a change of wind tonight enabled
them to run the ice blockade.
They slipped through lanes between
the floes without damage and tonight
were again on their way to the seal
ing grounds In the Gulf of St. Law
rence. Socialists Oppose Budget.
LONDON, March 9. The Prussian
Diet accepted the budget on third read
ing today, says a Reuter message from
Berlin. The Socialist members voted
against the measure and the Poles and
Danes refrained from voting.
MARCH JO, 1915.
Railroad Boards Drop
HOLD ON NUCLEUS IS LOST
Connecting Lines Expected to
FIN LEY SHEPARD STAYS
Missouri Pacific and Iron Moan
tain System's Klection Swayed by
Proxy Committee Wall Street
Approves the Change.
ST. LOUIS. March 9. The Mi
snuri Pacific-Iron Mountain Railway
svstem. nucleus of the so-called Gould
linr.B nnnspH tndav from control of
the Gould family.
An election of officers and directo
which accomplished this carried with
it, financiers generally conceded, con
trol of the connecting and subordinate
Rio Grande-Western Pacific system by
which descendants of Jay Gould,- tn
irr.-it railway financier, linked the
Mi?nA WakI- to the Coast, reachln
Pacific tidewater through the Sierras
with scarcely a change in grade,
f'roxy Committer Controls.
Instead of the Goulds, a proxy com
milieu renresented by Kuhn, Loeb
Co. and the Guarantee Trust Company
of New York controlled today's elec
tion, at which 63 per cent of the stock
How complete was the change wa'
inilcatovt in rjart bv the removal o
three Goulds and E. T. Jeffrey, of New
York, a long-time Gould executive.
from the boards. B. F. Bush, who sue
oied Jeffrey 'some time ago as pres
ident of the Denver & Rio Grande and
Western Pacific, railroads, swung Into
the saddle today as chairman of the
Xnaril nf directors of the Missouri Ta
cific and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain
& Southern railways, and his election
presently to the same position with
th Rio Grande-TV estern Pacific sys
ism wan conceded to be probably i
matter of course. He today succeeded
nnrr .lav Gould, son of Jay Gould
founder of the family fortune, as chair,
man of the board, and George Gould
was not elected to the Doard.
Brother and Son Dropped, Too
.His brother, Frank J. Gould, and his
son, Kingdon Gould. 28 years old,
heretofore vice-presidents and members
of the board were not re-elected in
Finley- J. snepard, an active aiis-
1 (Concluded on Page 2.)
! Tuesdays War Moves
THK House of Commons yesterday
gave the British government nu
thirity to lake over the control of the
entire manufacturing trade of the coun
try and to place it under a combined
management for the purpose of in
creasing the output of munitions of
The defense of the realm act. passed
at the outbreak of the war, gave the
government power to take and exercise
control over works where war materials
were being actually made. David Lloyd
George, the Chancellor of the Ex
chequer, on behalf of the government,
today asked that the control of the
manufactories be extended to works
which were capable of being used for
This power was unanimously grant
ed, although Andrew Bonar Law, the
leader of the opposition, described the
measure as "probably the most drastic
ever laid before Parliament."
This step on the part of the gov
ernment came as a complete surprise,
although Lloyd George In a speech at
Bangor last week emphasized the Im
portance of increasing the output of
war munitions, which labor disputes at
that time threatened to diminish. Now
tho workers In the engineering trade
will be In the position of public serv
ants, and the government hopes that
this fact will impress them with the
Importance of keeping up supplies for
which the armies and navies of the al
lied countries largely depend upon this
country. A business man will be placed
in charge of the organization.
With the area extending and the size
of the army and navy constantly In
creasing, the government found some
thing must be done to keep the flghtlns
branches supplied with arms and am
munition. The fleet engaged In bom
barding the forts of the Dardanelles
alone is using an Immense quantity of
ammunition. Also the ships engaged
probably will have to be fitted with
new guns and the old ones will need
to be overhauled.
The operations of this fleet, which Is
now reported to have been reinforced
by another battleship of tho Queen
Elizabeth class, and which is known
to include more ships than those that
have been .mentioned thus far In the
dispatches, continue to occupy the peo
ple of the British Isles, who always
take keen interest in the work of the
The report that three of the forts
guarding the narrows, one -on the Euro
pean and two on the Asiatic side, all
of which were armed with 14-inch guns,
have been silenced, has Increased the
confidence of the British public that the
guns of their warships are heavy
enough to force the straits, although
nobody seems to expect this to be do
quickly or without British losses.
In addition to the military and eco
nomic importance the opening of the
straits would have, the allies are said
to believe It would have an Immense
effect, not only on Turkey, but on Tur
key's neighbors. Greece already Is In
volved In a constitutional crisis over
the Dardanelles and It was reported
vesterdav that a similar crisis had
arisen in Bulgaria, where It was said
the Premier was demanding lnterven
tion on the side of the allies In oppo
sition to the wishes of King Ferdl
nand, who. It Is declared, desires to re
In Greece, M. Gounaris lias under
taken to form a cabinet to succeed that
of M. Venizolos and threatens to dis
solve Parliament if that body does not
indorse his policy of friendly ncutral
itv toward tho allies. It is believed In
high official circles In London, how
ever, that the people will force the
Greek, government to Intervene and
that M. Venizelos will soon be back in
In the east and the west fighting be
tween the Germans and the allies con
tinues, but without making the situ
ation much clearer. The Russians say
they have Inflicted another defeat on
the Germans In the region of Augus
towo. In North Poland, a short dis
tance from the East Prussian frontier,
which threatens to break the communi
cation between the Germans near the
Lower Niemen and those before Osso-
In Central Poland, the battle which
had promised to develop on the rilica
River seems to have died down, owing,
as Petrograd puts it. to the Russians
being too strong for the Germans, who
were forced to abandon their offensive
and fall back under a Russian counter
Things seemingly have changed only
little in the Carpathians, although the
Russians, according to their reports.
apparently have Improved their posi
tion on the Hungarian side of the
Dukla Pass. Tetrograd asserts that
the Austrians have been defeated near
Svidnik, which is on the Ondawa River,
a considerable distance Inside the Hun
garian territory. The Austrians, how
ever, are still attacking the Russians
south of Boligrod, which is on the
Galician side of the mountains Just
to the east of the Dukla Pass.
The Vosges Mountains, the Cham
pagne district and the Arras region
continue to be the scenes of hard
fighting, but apparently neither side
has gained any very distinct advant
General Louis Botha's campaign
against German Southwest Africa,
which had almost been lost sight of
owing to the bigger events in Europe
and Asia, Is progressing. One of
Botha's armies, advancing In the south.
Is reported to have occupied a German
camp north of Ukamas, which. Is 40
miles north of the border, and to have
captured a large number of tents, pro
visions, clothing and transport ani
mals. These captures, according to report,
showed that the evacuation of the
Germans had been a hasty one.
Suffragists IiOt-c In Delaware.
DOVER, Del.. March 9. The Dela
ware House of Representatives today
defeated the equal suffrage amendment
to the constitution; 8 to 22.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
STEAMERS IN I DAY
37 of One British Crew
ATTACKS WIDELY SEPARATED
No Warning by. Germans,
Says London Admiralty.
FIVE DESTROYED BY U-16
One Spared lleenusc of Womrti nit I
Children Aboard Chivalry or
Commander Hclng Crltitl.-cd
by German Writer.
LONDON, March 10. An official an
nouncement Just Issued shows that Grr.
man submarines yesterday (Tucsilavt
sank three steamship.
The statement follows:
"The steamer Tanglstnn wai sunU bv
a German off Scarborough at 12:30
o'clock the morning of March 9. Onlv
one man of her crew of 3S men wa.i
"The steamer Plarkwood was sunk
by a submarine without warning otf
Hastings at o'clock the morning C
March 9. Her crew of 17 was saved.
Prlirro Itojsl Im Hrmtrajr.
"The steamer Princess Royal, of Glas
gow, was sunk without warning by a
German submarine at 9:15 o'clock the
morning of March I off Liverpool. Her
crew of 34 was saved."
The official report announcing the
torpedoing of the llrltlsh steamers
Tangtstan, Blackwood nnj Princess
Royal tho two former cargo boats
and tho latter once a coat.twie rai
senger ship Indicates that German
submarines again are raiding at widely
separated points around tho Hrltli-h
Isles. As all tho boats were trrpcdoel
in a period of less than nine hours It
would seem probable that all thrse
were sunk by different underwater
Scarborough, off which port the
Tanglstan was nunk. Is on the North
Sea. in Yorkshire: Ilastins; is on trm
English Channel. In Mussex. and Liver,
pool Is on the Irish Sea.
SSIKt-Toa Skip Kunku
The Tanglstnn. the largest of the
sunken vesst 1. was of tons dis
placement. Fhe was built In ! and
owned by the Strlck line of Swansea.
The Blackwood was built in 107 and
belonged to the Tynenlde line of Nortii
Shields. She was a "(1-ton Vfnrl.
The rrlnccss Royal was ewvd 1 y
M. IJinrland Sons, of Glasgow. Sh
was a steamer of 66 tons dlsplno-.
ment and was built In 1912.
A dispatch to neuter"s Telegram
Company from Amsterdam ay:
"German submarine U-l '" re.
sponsible for the sinking of five of the
allied steamers which have been de
stroyed since tho commencement of tlm
submarine blockade, according to Otto
von Gottberg, who gives In Berlin
newspaper an account of the cruise of
"The submarine was cotnmandrd by
Commander Hansen, who was In Eng
land when war was de.larrd and l'.'t
away on the last steamer.
Torpedoes Klred at Varhlns.
"Soon after her departure from Kiel,
according to Von Gottberg;, the l'-l en
countered a British cruiser and a tor
pedo boat destroyer, but the torprdnei
which the submarine fired missed them.
She next nlghted the steamer Laertes
which outsteamed her.
"The submarine's first victim wai th
British steamer Dulwich, tho crew of
which she allowed to get awsy In her
boats. The second was the French
steamer Vllle de Lllle and the third the
French steamer Dlnorah, nil of -which
have been reported In the British offi
cial accounts as having been sunk.
Von Gottberg does not give the
names of the other two steamers which
he says Commander Hansen sank, but
declares that during tho cruise one
French steamer was not moiesten, ii
she had women and children on board.
Chivalry la Criticised.
This, aaya Von Gottberg. may have
been chivalry on his part, but Germans
will hardly approve of the action of
submarine commanders If they allow
their kindness of heart to get the bet
ter of them."
Otto von Gottnrg Is the war corre
spondent of the Berlin 1-okal Anzelger.
Von Gottberg has written descriptlvo
articles recently on the German navy
and its activities. One of these con
cerned the engagement between British
and German fleets In tho North Sea
January 24, In which the German ar
mored cruiser Bluecher was sunk. For
It he used Information obtained from
men who took part in the fight.
Credit has been given the U-18 for
sinking the Vllle da Lllle off Cherbourg
February 17, but was not mentioned In
connection with the other two steamers.
The French steamer Dlnorah was tor
pedoed off Dieppe, France, February 19,
but was reported to have been towed
Into Dleppo for repairs. The Dulwd It
was blown up off Havre February 1.
15 OF 87S1 SHIPS A 111'. M'NK
Britain AnnonruTs HcmiIi of Sub
marine Kalils for Ten Pajs.
LONDON, March .Fifteen British
steamers sunk out of a total of J14
(Concluded on l ass 2 )