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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1914)
TITE arORNTXG OR"EGOXTAX. TTTTTRSDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1914.
FIGHT OPENED FOR
PURCHASE OF SHIPS
Senate Committee Declares
Foreign Domination of Com
i. merce Must Cease.
EUROPE WANTS PRODUCTS
Secretary Redfield Quoted as Saying
It Is Within Range of Prob
ability American Shipments
May Again Be Cut Off.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 30. Initiating
the aggressive fight to be waged In
Congress for passage of the Govern
ment ship purchase bill, majority mem
bers of the Senate commerce committee
today filed a report recommending the
measure in vigorous terms.
The report filed by Senator Fletcher,
acting chairman, quoted freely from the
report submitted yesterday by Secre
taries McAdoo and Redfield on general
shipping conditions, as showing enorm
ous increases In ocean transportation
rates and falling off in tonnage facili
ties since the European war began.
Control of American commerce by
Americans was urged and the predic
tion was made that enactment of the
proposed bill would go far to relieve
Urgent Need Asserted.
'Unquestionably," said tho report, "if
we bad additional ships under the
American flag the situation would rap
Idly Improve and much of the distress
of producers, business men and bank
ers, not only in the South, but through
out the country, would be relieved. The
need is urgent. There is no telling how
long the disturbance abroad will last
and how long, therefore, we shall suf
fer unless the requisite action is taken
Secretary Redfield, In a letter written
to Senator Fletcher to accompany the
report, declared that for years the
United States had gone along with its
ocean shipping In the hands of its com
petitors, "like a department store with
out any delivery system except such
as our competitors were willing to sup
"You cannot as a matter of economics
Imagine Germany or England continu
ing permanently to transport on favor
able terms to us American goods on
any such scale as seriously to threaten
German or English industrial mar
kets," the Secretary's letter continued.
American Capital Destroyed.
"Like an ostrich with Its head in the
sand, we have put our money and mer
chandise at the risk of the European
war. American capital invested in
ships under European flags can be and
has been destroyed by the acts of hos
tile cruisers. American capital in
proods transported in vessels under
foreign flags has been lost, or in
jured when such vessels have been sunk
or held up and American goods for
which Americans long since paid are
today lying in foreign harbors merely
because they are in ships under the
flag of a belligerent.
"The time has been when war risks
shut off the movement of American
wheat and delayed the movement of
American cotton and it is quite within
the range of probability that such a
time may recur. Both on the basis of
economic grounds and on grounds of
self-insurance against war risks not of
our making, an American merchant
marine is a necessity.
"There are ports In Europe today
that eagerly seek our cotton and we
know that our brethren in the South
anxiously desire to sell their cotton and
the price abroad is such as our pro
ducers would be thankful to receive.
Between these two stand the exces
sive rate and the scarcity of ships."
The committee's report asserted that
this Government too long has per
mitted its shipping to be dominated by
foreign Interests. "We have been con
tent," it said, "hitherto to subserve the
interests of European stockholders.
The situation is emergent, expensive
and it is Impossible with any due re
gard to the interests of American com
merce to permit it to continue a day
longer than is necessary."
At a conference of the House leaders
it was agreed to withhold debate on
the ship purchase bill until the Senate
has acted on it, the House, in the mean
time continuing work on appropria
tions. NIGHTRIDER PROBE ON
MRS. ROSS, ALLEGED VICTIM, SAYS
STATE IS AFTER GANG.
Woman Declares Governor Lister Has
Promised to "Clean Up" North River
Country Federal A cent Acts.
ABERDEEN, Wash.. 'Dec 30. (Spe
cial.) Arrest of the alleged North
River nightriders on the charge of
having driven Mrs. Margaret M. Ross
and her two sons from their North
River cabin and on other charges is
predicted by Mrs. Ross, who returned
to Aberdeen this morning after a con
ference with Governor Lister and Attorney-General
Tanner. Mrs. Ross says
both officials declared that the North
River country would be "cleaned up"
and that tho Attorney-General's de
partment would carry on an investi
gation of the alleged crimes. For the
investigation Attorney-General Tanner
said he would like to employ State
Senator-elect E. E. Boner, of this city,
as a special agent.
Besides an Investigation by the state,
Mrs. Ross says inquiry U being con
ducted by tho Federal Interior De
partment through Mr. Shape, Interior
Division Superintendent, with head
quarters at Portla-nd. The- Federal
Government is interested, she says, be
cause of the aomesteads in that sec
tion, dispute over which led to a few
of the present quarrels.
The North River trouble started a
year agb, when Mrs. Ross alleged that
she anjl her two sons had been driven
from their cabin by 12 masked men,
who ordered them to leave tho country.
Twelve men were arrested and charged
with the crime, bu after being tried
twice In Raymond all were released.
NEW TAX LAW PROPOSED
Coos Bay Senator Would Omit Iub
lication of Delinquents.
MARSHFIELD, Or., Dec 30. (Spe
cial.) Senator Smith, of this city, has
gone to the state capital with the in
tention of putting through a new tax
law to which he has given much atten
tion. The chief advantage. It Is said,
is that it would save clerk hire In the
Sheriff's offices and do away with the
publishing of delinquent tax lists in
The new law, if enacted, would sub
stitute personal notices to delinquents.
instead of publishing tho lists.
ELECTION IS GOSTLY
Senatorial Candidates Spend
Total of $460,777.
STATEMENTS ARE SLOW
Mr. Hanley, of Oregon, Only One
Reporting Excess - Over Legal
Limit Democratic Average
$3074, Republican $2852.
WASHINGTON. Dec SO. Nearly halt
a million dollars was spent by candi
dates of all parties last November in
the first popular election of United
States Senators in the history of the
Government. To be exact. J460.777.25
represents the total of sworn state
ments of campaign expenditures filed
with the Secretary of the Senate by
the men who sought Senatorial honors
from 31 states.
Of this grand total there was con
tributed from various sources to the
candidates $188,847.99. In accordance
with these figures, therefore the can
didates themselves turned into circu
lation for the privilege of running for
Democrats Lead In Expenditures,
Senators who looked over the figures
today manifested great Interest and it
was remarked that should all the bena
tors be elected at one time the cost to
the candidates, based on the ratio
established, would be three times as
great, or approximately $1,384,000.
Democrats led in the expenditure
with $242,895.90. Republican candidates
spent $156,884.36; Progressives, $55,
158.94; Prohibitionists, $4443.23; Social
ists. $354.74. and independents. $1040.00.
The average per capita expenditure
was: Democrats, $3074.63; Republicans,
, The largest expenditures occurred
In the State of Georgia, where two
Senators were elected, the amount
sworn to by all candidates there total
North Carolina candidates, where
Senator Overman was re - elected,
brought up the rear with a total ex
penditure of $702.65. William Hanley.
defeated Progressive of Oregon, who
reported that he disbursed $10,326.94
and had contributed to his campaign
$10,415.93, was the only candidate to
exceed the $10,000 limit fixed by law.
Some Candidates Spend Nothing:.
Several candidates reported that
they spent no money whatever, but
the lowest expenditure on record was
8 cents, reported by E. L. Hitchens,
Socialist candidate in Ohio.
By states the expenditures were as
follows: Alabama. $33,208.06; Arizona,
$10,115.73; Arkansas, $4715.45; Califor
nia. $17,589.98; Colorado. $12,785.63;
Connecticut, $2708.55; Florida, $6373.39;
Georgia, $41,492.63; Idaho. $16,670.36;
Illinois, $34,663.84; Indiana, $10,161.24;
Iowa, $15,607.84; Kansas, $31,638.43;
Kentucky, $27,178.43; Maryland, $13,
844.64; Missouri, $6694.83; Nevada,
$5604.13; New Hampshire, $6222.28;
New York, $23,779.63; North Carolina,
$702.65; North Dakota, $3886.55; Ohio,
$24,596.92; Oklahoma, $131.63; Oregon,
$13,416.45; Pennsylvania, $28,810.41;
South Carolina, $4420.50; South Dakota.
$12,638.42; Utah, $11,830; Vermont,
$4753.02; Washington, $14,143.74; Wis
To obtain all the sworn statements
of the candidates required more than
Here's Real News!
The kind of
news that means
The best clothes at gen
uine reductions from nor
mal prices; now is buying
time for economical men.
All the good fabrics every proper model.
Blues and Blacks Included
The Same Reductions on Overcoats
Morrison Street at Fourth
a month of constant effort on the part
of Senate officials.
STRIKER TAKES JAIL TERM
Ex-Mill Employe Quits Legal Fight
and Decides to Serve Time.
CENTRALIA,-Wah., Dec, 30. (Spe
cial.) A. J. Rankin, one of the strikers
at the Eastern mill who was recently
fined in Police Court for fighting and
who appealed his case to a higher
court, is now serving out his sentence,
his bondsmen having withdrawn.
Rankin's wife Is said to have tried to
kill herself Saturday and the bondsmen
feared the husband would leave the
Rankin now says he never wanted
to strike at all, but that he was forced
to do so by his wife and her family.
The woman was one of the most active
on the picket line and It Is said that
when she learned of bis attitude on the
strike question she attempted suicide.
MILL TO RESUME WORK
Cottage Grove Plant to Operate When
Employes Suggest Cat.
COTTAGE GROVE, Or., Dec. SO.
(Special.) Encouragement for those
who depend upon the Industries of the
Cottage Grove country Is found In the
fact that the J. H. Chambers mill will
resume operations within the next 10
days. Some time ago a number of the
millworkers petitioned Mr. Chambers
to resume operations, volunteering to
take a substantial reduction in wages.
The proposed reduction was suffi
cient to enable Mr. Chambers to re
sume operations at present prices prof
itably. The operation of the mill will
give employment to a number of men
who have been idle for some time.
The Row River Lumber Company and
the Abaqua Lumber Company have
been operating continuously.
NORTH BEND BANKS UNITE
Bank of Oregon Will Be Merged
With First National January 1.
MARSHFIELD, Or., Dec. 30. (Spe
cial.) Economy in expense is the rea
son assigned for merginsr the Bank of
Oregon of North Bend, into the First
National Bank of the same city. The
consolidation has been under negotia
tions for several months and will be
come effective January 1, 1915.
Tho business will be conducted in the
home of the First National Bank and
under that title, the officials believ
ing it advantageous to belong to tho
Federal reserve system.
The election of officers will take
place January 13.
Castle Rock Defeats Winlock.
CASTLE ROCK. Wash.. Dec. 30.
(Special.) The Winlock team was de
feated here last Saturday in a game of
basketball, 24 to 20. It was a pretty
contest throughout, both sides putting
up a strong fight, but the local players
were too strong, quick and heady for'
1915 "SEE AMERICA FIRST" 1915
vol. i.rv. . i
PORTLAND. OR EGO If FRIDAY, JANTJART 1, IMS.'
'. NO. J'
Never before has the meaning of this great slogan been so keenly felt by Americans. The tourist
tide in 1915 will be diverted from Europe; it will roll westward and during the year thousands upon
thousands of Eastern people will visit the Pacific Northwest. A great proportion of the travelers
will pass through Oregon; hundreds and hundreds will come baclc,8to remain permanently.
Therefore, it should be the duty of every Oregonian to send to his friends in other states copies
of OREGON'S GREATEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM,
The Oregonian Annual
Which Vi11 Appear
Tomorrow January 11915
PORTLAND - BOUND VESSEL Is
COMING THROUGH PANAMA CANAL I
By no other means will the tourist, the capitalist the investor, the shipper, ih'e manufacturer,
the merchant and the farmer be able to secure so much accurate and complete information regard
ing all sections of the state.
DO NOT DELAY IN PLACING YOUR ORDERS FOR THIS GREAT NUMBER.
Copies desired for mailing will be rolled in neat green wrappers, with necessary postage. The
Annual will be sold at prominent street corners as well as at The Oregonian office, Sixth and Alder
The price for single copies, unstamped, is 5 cents each; for copies stamped and ready for mailing
10 cents each.
E GREEN WRAPPERS
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FACSIMILE FIRST PAGE OF SHIPPING SECTION